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Contents of Volume fourtlj- 




I. Royal Letters AND Warrants, . . . 1-5 1 

IL State and Official Letters, . . . . 5 2-1 98 

IIL Letters referring to the Borders, . . . 199-233 

IV. Family and Domestic Letters, . . . . 234-290 

V. Foreign Correspondence of William, eleventh Earl 

of Angus, ...... 291-310 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ...... 389-484 

INDEX OF PLACES, ...... 485-525 


Letter of Anne of Denmark, Queen of King James the Sixth of 

Scotland, 6th January 1592 [slightly reduced in size], behveen I'i a>id 39 

..•?•;■■' •.-.' i 


ARMORIAL SEALS. Woodcuts of— 

Sir George Douglas of Pittendriech, c. 1547, 

Archibald, Earl of Angus, 1650, .... 


SIGNATURES. Woodcuts of- 

Mary of Guise, Queen of King James the 

Fifth, 1555. • 
Mary, Queen of Scots, 1555, 
King James the Sixth, 157S, 15S0, 
James, fourth Earl of Morton, 1578, 
Hugh, third Earl of Eglinton, 1578, 
Colin, sixth Earl of Argyll, 1580, . 
Esme, Earl of Lennox, 1580, 
Elizabeth, Queen of England, 1584, 
Anne of Denmark, Queen of James vr. 


Archibald, fifth Earl of Angus, 1490, 
Sir George Douglas of Pittendriech, (■ 


Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, c 


Margaret Leslie, Countess of Angus, 








Sir William Douglas of Glenbervie, 

15S8, 239 

The same, as ninth Earl of Angus, 1589, 242 
William, tenth Earl of Angus, 1601, . 245 
William, eleventh Earl of Angus, 1612, 24S 
The same, as first Marquis of Douglas, 


Archibald, P^arl of Angus, his son, 1650, 
Lady Jean Wemyss, Countess of Angus, 


Archibald Douglas, Earl of Forfar, 1672, 
Lady Barbara Erskine, Marchioness of 

Douglas, 1681, 
James, second Marquis of Douglas, 


James, Earl of Angus, his son, 1688, 
Lady Mary Kei , Marchioness of Douglas, 

1695 .286 








PAf: K 

L King Edward the First of England, as King and overlord of Scotland, 
to Alan, Bishop of Caithness, Chancellor of Scotland, coniinandinu 
him to charge William of Douglas, by letters under the seal of Scot- 
land, to deliver up Hugh of Abernethy, who was detained in the 
said William's prison, accused of the death of Duncan, Earl of Fife, 
to William of Saint Clair, to be confined in his ]Majesty's prison. 
Attested by the King at Berwick -on-Tweed, 28th June [1291], 1 

2. The Same to the said Alan, Chancellor of Scotland, commanding him to 
charge the Sheriff and his bailies of Lanark to cause summon the 
said William of Douglas, knight, to appear before his JNIajesty at 
Berwick-on-Tweed, to answer for contempt of the King's mandate 
recently addressed to him, regarding injuries alleged to have been 
done by him to the abbot and convent of Melrose. Attested at 
Berwick-on-Tweed, 3d July [1291], 2 

•i. The Same to the Sheriff of Fife, commanding him to cause to be restored 
to William of Douglas his lands and goods within Scotland, wliich 
had lately been taken into his ^Majesty's hands, reserving the King's 
expenses and taxes imposed on the said lands and holdings. Attested 
at Berwick-on-Tweed, 30th August [1296], 3 

4. King Edward the Third restoring to James Douglas, knight, the manor 
of Faudon, in the earldom of Northumberland, and all other lands, 
holdings, and rents which William Douglas his father held in Eng- 
land, and which had fallen by forfeiture into the hands of King 
Edward the First, his Majesty's grandfather, and thus into the hands 
of the granter : To be held by the said James Douglas, knight, and 
his heirs, of King Edward and the other lords superior of the fees 
thereof, by the same services as before they fell into the hands of 

King Edward the First. Eltham, 12th May [1329], 4 



5. Safe-conduct by King Edward the Third to Sir James of Douglas, wh(j 

was about to proceed to the Holy Land to aid the Christians against 
the Saracens, with the heart of Sir Robert, King of Scotland, lately 
deceased ; the safe-conduct to endure for seven years. Attested by 
the King, at Gloucester, 1st September [1329], 5 

6. King Edward the Third to Alfonso, King of Castile, etc., recommending 

the said James of Douglas, who was about to proceed to the Holy 
Land to the aid of the Christians against the Saracens, to his favour 
and royal courtesy, if he should happen to pass through his territories 
in going or returning. Given at Gloucester, 1st September [1329], 5 

7. King Edward the Third to William of Wyndesore, his Lieutenant in 

Ireland, granting to Archibald of Douglas, afterwards third Earl of 
Douglas, a safe-conduct for a ship trading to Ireland and England for 
provisions and other necessaries, charging his lieutenant, keepers of 
ports, and others, neither to do injury, damage, nor violence to the 
said ship, nor suffer it to be done by others, provided that the 
mariners conducted themselves honourably, and faithfully paid the 
customs and all other duties due to the King. The safe-conduct to 
last for one year. Westminster, 18tli June [1369], 6 

8. King Edward the Third to all admirals, captains, keepers of ports, and 

others his faithful subjects by land and sea, granting licence to 
William, first Earl of Douglas, to purchase through John Yonge his 
servant, 500 quarters of malt in the earldom of Norfolk, and convey 
the same in ships to Scotland, having first paid the customs and other 
duties due to the King. Westminster, 16th June [1375], ."< 

9. King Henry Fourth of England to Archibald, fourth Earl of Douglas, in 

reply to one from the latter, relative to the establishment of a truce 
for one year between England and Scotland, by sea and land, rehears- 
ing the steps which had been taken by the Earl of Northumberland 
and others as commissioners for King Henry; and with reference to 
certain misunderstandings as to the terms of the truce, proposing to 
send certain gentlemen to Kelso on a day named, to arrange, with 
persons of equal rank from Scotland, for the conclusion of a good 
treaty between the kingdoms. Westminster. 27th February [1401]. 9 



10. Margaret, Queen of Scots, to Mr. Adam Williamson, clerk, acknowledging 

the receipt of his counsel, with the instructions from her ^Majesty's 
familiar clerk, Sir James Inglis, which counsel was very pleasant to 
her Majesty, if it had only been possible to follow it ; but that he 
himself was well aware of the difficulty of doing so when he was with 
her Majesty, and that difficulty was greatly increased since then ; that 
there were none she could trust except her husband and his uncle, 
and exhorting him to be diligent in all matters as he had been in 
times past. Perth, 22d January [1516], 14 

11. Margaret, Queen of Scots, to Cardinal Wolsey, referring to certain 

articles under the Cardinal's hand received by her, and to which she 
had given answers in writing, requesting that he would carefully 
consider her answers, and not write to the Earl of Angus, as he 
proposed, which would bring trouble to Scotland, and might put the 
King, her son, into his enemy's hands, and would likeAvise alienate 
the Earl of An-an from the King's cause, etc. Edinburgh, 6th October 
[1524] 15 

12. King James the Fifth to Cardinal Wolsey, requesting him to direct 

letters to the Pope to procure the promotion of Alexander Douglas. 
natural sou to Archibald Douglas, Treasurer of Scotland, to the 
Bishopric of jNIurray, which was delayed on account of his minority, 
and through the influence of the Duke of Albany, the King's uncle. 
The Castle of Stirling, 2Gth April [1528], 16 

13. King James the Fifth to his uncle King Henry the Eighth, intimating 

to him that the Estates of Scotland and his Majesty's Council were 
discontented with the order of justice administered in time past by 
the Earl of Angus ; that he had often had under his consideration 
the dangers, inconveniences, and obstruction of justice and redress 
through the fault of the Earl ; that, with a view to the speedy remedy 
of those disorders, he had appointed a General Council of the Estates 
of Scotland on 10th July next following; and entreating his uncle 
not to give credit to any representation by the Earl of Angus until 
he saw the result of the deliberations of the Scottish Estates. The 
Castle of Stirling; 23d June [1528], 16 



14 King Henry the Eighth to the Eark of Angus and Glencaim, acknow- 
ledging the receipt of a letter from them on the same day, requiring 
a prompt answer, and intimating that as the terms of their letter were 
obscure he intended to send Mr. Penven his chaplain to them, that 
they might fully instruct him as to what they purposed to do, after 
which he would return an answer without delay ; and indicating that 
if they had followed his counsel in times past, much inconvenience 
to themselves would have been avoided, and much hindrance to his 
Majesty's affairs. The Palace of Westminster, 3d March [1543], ... 17 
15. King Henry the Eighth to the Earls of Angus, Cassillis, and Glencairn, 
stating that he had received by Mr. Penven their letter requesting 
his Majesty to send an army for their relief, and that although their 
proceedings hitherto had not been satisfactory to him, yet on the faith 
of their repairing past errors and acting with more vigour against 
their common enemies, he had sent them such an answer as should m 

reason satisfy them. Palace of Westminster, March 1543, 18 

16 Kin- Henry the Eighth to the Earl of Angus, referring to the request 
made by the Earl and the Earls of Cassillis and Glencairn, for an 
army to be sent to their relief; desiring the Earl to consider how 
good and gracious he had been to him, and that the latter had hitherto 
responded to his goodness only by fair promises ; stating that if he 
would now, as a nobleman and a noted man of courage, show himself 
industrious for the preservation of his honour and credit, as his 
Majesty's past goodness to him requked, he would yet experience 
more of his princely liberality ; and requiring the Earl to cause an 
answer to this letter to be sent to his Majesty. [Circa 1543], 19 

17 Kincr Henry the Eighth to Sir George Douglas, intimating that Sir 
Ralph Eure, the Lord Warden of the Middle IMarches, had in- 
formed him of Sir George's desire to have his Majesty's forgiveness 
for labouring so much to obtain the favour of the Queen, the 
Governor, and Cardinal Wolsey, and of his offer to do whatever the 
King should command him, if within his power, in reference to which 
■ his Majesty states that though he had just cause of displeasure 
against Sir George on account of remissness in his service in times 



past, yet on the faith of his promises of future fidelity to his cause, 
his Majesty was willing to receive him into his favour and grace 
again. There is no truth in the report that the King wished to 
reduce the nobles of Scotland to the condition of shepherds; and 
since the Governor, Queen, and nobles were desirous to treat with 
him for the marriage of his Majesty's son and giand-niece, and 
the establishment of a peace, he was willing to grant safe-conduct 
to any two or three commissioners they might send to Alnwick for 
that purpose. 19th February 1544, 20 

18. Declaration by Mary, Queen of Scots, and Mary of Guise, Queen- 

Dowager and Regent, her mother, in favour of Archibald, Earl of 
Angus, narrating the good, true, and valiant sei'vices done to them 
and their progenitors by the said Earl and his predecessors, and 
declaring that they excepted from the general revocation to be made 
in the Parliament to be held at Edinburgh in June following, any 
infeftments whatsoever made during the Queen's minority to the 
said Earl in liferent, and to the deceased James Douglas his son and 
the lawful heirs-male of his body, whom failing, the heirs-male and 
assignees of the said Archibald whomsoever, of whatsoever lauds, lord- 
ships, baronies, regalities, and others contained in the said infeftments. 
and reponed the said Earl and others in the said infeftments against 
the said revocation. Subscribed by the Queen, at Paris, "2 8th April, 
by her mother, the Regent, 20th June [1.5-55]. [This document is 
perhaps unique, being subscribed by both Queen Mary and her 
mother, and the former's signature not bearing after it the R. for 
Regina, but being " Marie " only], 22 

19. King James the Sixth, granting licence to William Douglas of Glen- 

bervie and Giles Grahame his spouse, and to two persons in company 
with them, permission to eat flesh as often as they pleased from the 
8th of March to the 9th of April then next ensuing, without crime, 
skaith, pain, or danger to be incurred by them therethrough. Given 
at Stirling Castle, 1st March 1578, 24 

20. King James the Sixth to Archibald, Earl of Angus, Sheritf-Principal of 

Berwick, discharging £259.3, 12s. 8d. of money, 8 chalders wheat. 



8 chalders bear, and 6 pennies of silver due to the Crown from the 
mails, farms, feu-farms, and other duties of certain lands in the shire 
of Benvick, wherewith his Lordship was charged in his account as 
Sheriff. Holyroodhouse, 20th September 1580, 25 

21. King James the Sixth, with advice of the Privy Council, relieving 

Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, from ward beyond the water 
of South Esk, in order that he might repair to Dundee or any neigh- 
bouring port to take shipping to the parts beyond sea, according to 
the licence granted to him for that effect ; but prohibiting him from 
going south of the Tay or north beyond the bounds of Angus, other- 
wise this letter to be null and void. Subscribed by the King and by 
the Privy Council, and dated at HoljToodhouse, Gth April 1584, ... 27 

22. Queen Elizabeth of England to King James the Sixtli, informing him 

that before the meeting of his Parliament in xVugust preceding, she 
had been earnestly pressed by the Scottish nobles who had retired 
into England, to exert her influence with the King for the stay of 
proceedings against them in the said Parliament, but that she forbore 
in consequence of a false report that his jMajesty had some new matter 
against the said Lords ; as, however, she was now persuaded of 
their innocence, she entreated his Majesty not to dispose of their 
forfeited lauds, but to grant them such portion of them dui'ing 
their exile as he should think proper, etc. 3d October 1584, 28 

23. Queen Elizabeth to the Earls of xVngus and Mar, assuring them of her 

readiness to interest herself with King James the Sixth on their 
behalf, on account of their devotion to her, so far as consistent with 
their duty to their own sovereign ; expressing regret that her endea- 
vours for that end had hitherto proved so fruitless, and intimating 
that she intended shortly to renew her efforts with King James in 
their favour. 10th October 1584, 30 

24. Queen Elizabeth to the Earls of Angus and j\Iar and the Master of 

Glammis, expressing her gratification on learning from their letters 
to her that her opinion of their innocence in regard to those heinous 
matters with which they were charged, was confirmed by their most 



earnest protestations; and her hope that the King, Avhen he dis- 
covered the contrivers of these slanderous imputations, would punish 
them as they deserved ; advising them in the meantime to " carry 
themselves very warily," both in their speeches and actions. Green- 
wich, 22d March 1584, 31 

L'.'i. King James the Sixth, appointing Mr. Alexander Lindsay of Spynie his 
fixctor, commissioner, and procurator, for receiving from William, 
ninth Earl of Angus, 10,000 merks out of the sum of 35,000 merks 
due to the King by decreet of the Lords of Coimcil, and to dispose 
of the same according to directions to be given to him thereanent. 
Stirling, 16th August 1590, 32 

•J'l. King James the Sixth to Dame Jean Lyon, widow of Archibald, eighth 
Earl of Angus, renewing his recommendation and solicitation that 
her ladyship should marry Alexander Lindsay of Spynie, and indi- 
cating that he would advance the latter to a degree corresponding to 
the high place he held in his IMajesty's favour. [Cirm 1590], 34 

27. King James the Sixth to Dame Jean Lyon, widow of Archibald, eighth 
Earl of Angus, still further urging her on the subject of her proposed 
marriage with Alexander Lindsay of Spynie, and promising to raise 
the latter to the peerage on the occasion of his Majesty's own 
marriage, and provide him with a living correspondent thereto, so 
that her ladyship might suffer no diminution of rank by the 
marriage. [Circa 1590], 34 

2S. King James the Sixth to the Captain of Stirling Castle, commanding 
him to receive into ward within the same, William Master of Angus, 
to remain there on his own expenses till relieved by his Majesty. 
Perth, 29th June 1591 35 

2'.t. King James the Sixth to the Provost and Bailies of Dundee, requiring 
them either to detain William, jNIaster of Angus, within his own 
lodgings in the said burgh, until he found suflficient sureties that he 
would depart furth of the realm and not return, under a penalty of 
£10,000 ; or else that they should cause him to be transported safely 
to Stirling Castle, there to remain at his own expense during his 
Majesty's pleasure. Perth, 29th June 1591, 35 



30. King James the Sixth to the Laird of Grant, informing him that in con- 

sequence of the cruelties and disorders committed by lawless High- 
landmen under the protection of the Earls of Huntly and Athole, his 
Majesty had given a commission and instructions to the Earl of Angus 
to meet the parties and persuade them to peaceable measures, and, in 
the event of refusal by either side, to join with the party most reason- 
able and obedient • and requiring the Laird of Grant to assist the 
Earl of Angus, both with his counsel and his whole force, till that 
matter was settled, HoljToodhouse, 1 0th November 1592, 36 

31. King James the Sixth to William, tenth Earl of Angus, referring to the 

Earl of Huntly's submission to his Majesty's instructions, and to the 
obstinacy with Avhich the lawless Highlanders were continuing their 
mischievous disorders, and requiring his Lordship to take the assist- 
ance of the Earl of Huntly's force in the pursuit and suppressing of 
the Clan Chattan, so long as he was able to remain in the north, and 
to leave Huntly as his depute to execute his commission when he 
himself was obliged to return home. Holyroodhouse, 28th Novem- 
ber 1592, 37 

32. King James the Sixth to William, tenth Earl of Angus, expressing his 

satisfaction at the Earl of Huntly's submission to his Majesty's 
admonition and direction ; stating his williugness to grant relaxation 
to all Huntly's friends ; and enclosing a declaration relative to assur- 
ance to be granted to persons at his Majesty's horn for lawless 
conduct, and who were willing to submit. Holyroodhouse, 30th 
November 1592, 37 

33. Anne of Denmark, Queen of King James the Sixth [address wanting], 

complaining of the Chancellor [John, Lord Thirlstane] and his lady, 
who had presumed to speak evil of her Majesty in connection with 
the outrage recently committed by the Earl of Bothwell and his 
accomplices, and expressing her determination to have her honour, 
which had thereby been affected, retrieved ; requesting that for the 
affection he bore to his prince and country, he would, with the advice 
of the nobles, provide that his Majesty and his kingdom might be 
better established, the Church provided for, the country relieved, and 



the injury done to her Majesty repaired, which she was confident had 
been done with the view of sowing dissension between her dear 
husband and herself. Holyroodhouse, Gth January 1592, 38 

34. King James the Sixth, authorising William, Earl of Angus, to remove 

William, Master of Angus, who had his thigh bone broken by a fall, 
forth of the Xewhouse, to be under the care of his mother, the 
Countess of Angus, till the spring of the year. Linlithgow, 6th 
October 1597, 40 

35. Commission by King James the Sixth to William, tenth Earl of Angus, 

to apprehend and bring to trial, within the castle of Douglas or else- 
where, Thomas Park, and Robert Park his son, for the murder of 
William Weir, son to Walter Weir of Newton. Holyroodhouse, 1 Gth 
January 1597, 41 

36. King James the Sixth, permitting William, tenth Earl of Angus, his 

men, tenants, and servants, to remain at home from the muster of 
the army appointed to meet at Lanark and Dumfries on the 2d and 
3d of November following, and to attend upon the King for thirty 
days, for the pursuit of the rebels on the West March. Given under 
the Signet, 1597, 42 

37. King James the Sixth to John, second Earl of Mar, remonstrating with 

him for having, as one of the curators of Lord Holyroodliouse, set a 
tack of the teinds of Craufurd-Lindesay to the Earl of Angus, which 
bad been in the possession of John Carmichael of Meadowtiat and 
his predecessors for 140 years, and requesting that, in respect of such 
long possession, and that his tacks were not yet expired, he would 
renew the tack to the said John on the same terms as it had been 
granted to the Earl of Angus, and also, that he would renew his tack 
of the teinds of Pettinain, held of the abbey of Dryburgh. White- 
hall, 30th October 1612, 43 

38. King James the Sixth to John, second Earl of ]\Iar, Treasurer of Scot- 

land, intimating that he had granted to William, eleventh Earl of 
Angus, the escheat and liferent of William Oliphant of Gask, who 


■was at his Majesty's horn for the slaughter of David Tosheoch of 
Monzievaird, and requiring the Treasurer to expede the grant on 
payment of the usual composition. Theobalds, 4th October 1619,... ii 

39. King James the Sixth to John, second Earl of Mar, Treasurer of Scot- 

land, intimating that he had granted to William, eleventh Earl of 
Angus, the escheat of the Earl of Lothian, in so far as it extended 
to the liferent escheat of Sir John Carmichael of Meadowflat, and 
requiring the Treasurer to expede the grant through the seals. 
Eoyston, 21st November 1622, 44 

40. Licence by King Charles the First and the Lords of Privy Council to 

Archibald, Lord Douglas, to depart furth of the realm and beyond 
seas for three years, provided always that during his absence abroad 
he should behave himself as a dutiful subject, and attempt nothing in 
prejudice of his Majesty, the realm, nor the true religion as then 
professed wdthin the same. Holyroodhouse, 28th March 1633, 45 

41. King Charles the Second to the Chancellor and Treasurer of Scotland, 

expressing anxiety respecting the education of the Earl of Angus, who 
was then placed in a private place near London, and requiring the 
Chancellor and Treasurer to procure from his father, the Marquis of 
Douglas, and transmit to his Majesty, an account of the condition 
of his estate, the debts affecting it, and the courses taken for the 
discharge of such debts ; also, with such account, to communicate to 
his Majesty their opinion as to what he should order to be done in 
the circumstances. Whitehall, 28th December 1682, 45 

42. King Charles the Second to the Chancellor and Treasurer of Scotland, 

wherein referring to certain important suits of James, Marquis of 
Douglas, which Avould shortly be depending before them, he recom- 
mended their Lordships to dispose of these suits in as favourable and 
speedy a manner as was consistent with law and justice. W^indsor 
Castle, 16th June 1684, 46 

43. King Charles the Second to the Chancellor and Treasurer of Scotland, 

referring to his letter of 2Sth December 1682 (No. 41, supra), in 
which he had recommended to the Treasurer and the Earl of Aber- 
deen, late Chancellor, not only the care of the education of the Earl of 



Angus, but also an inspection into the condition of his father's estate, 
ho anew earnestly recommends to them the effectual execution of his 
pleasure therein, as a matter of great importance to his Majesty's 
service, and to that end authorises the principal Treasurer to pay 
£200 yearly, out of his Majesty's rents, etc., for the education of 
Lord Angus, and again requires them to give him a speedy account 
of the condition of the Marquis's estate, Windsor Castle, 21st June 
1C84. 47 

4 1. King James the Seventh to the Chancellor and the Lords Commissioners 
of the Treasury, wherein, referring to a previous letter to them on 
the subject of the Earl of Angus's education, he further requires 
them, in respect of his Lordship being then absent from the kingdom, 
to cause the £200 formerly granted to him, to be paid to the Marquis 
of Douglas his father, and to continue to pay the said sum to the 
Marquis regularly for his son's education during his Majesty's pleasure. 
Whitehall, March 1685-6, 48 

4.'). King James the Seventh to the Lords of the Scottish Treasury, wherein, 
after referring to his previous orders for the payment of £200 yearly 
for the education of the Earl of Angus, and complaining that no 
effect had yet been given thereto, he anew requires their Lordships 
forthwith to pay what arrears remain due of the said £200 since it 
was first granted, and that out of the readiest of his Majesty's rents, 
etc., of Scotland. ^Miitehall, 22d October 1686, 49 

46. Queen Anne to the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, wherein, 
narrating that King Charles the Second had restored to the Bishop 
and Dean of Edinburgh a house and some lands near the Palace of 
Holyroodhouse, and had granted to Jean [Wemyss], Countess of 
Sutherland, [formerly Countess of Angus,] who had been infeft in the 
said house and lands by the Earl of Angus her husband, in com- 
pensation for the same, £1000 sterling, and annualrents thereof 
during her life, and that the annualrent was several years in arrear, 
she requires their Lordships to pay the arrears of the said annualrent 
since the commencement of her Majesty's reign, and continue the pay- 
ment of the same during her lifetime. Windsor, 29th March 1706, 50 



47. Robert Bruce. Earl of Carrick, James the Steward of Scotland, William 
of Douglas, and others, acknowledging that they had risen against 
their lord, Edward the First, King of England, and had, in his land 
of Scotland and of Galloway, committed arson, robberies, and 
murders, and binding themselves and those adhering to them, to 
submit to the will of their lord the King aforesaid for the said 
crimes. Irvine, 9th July [1297], ,52 

4:8. Safe-Conduct by James, Lord of Douglas, to Sir Richard of Topclif 
and one companion, with their attendants, to come to Jedburgh in 
Scotland and safely abide and return. Written at Etybredcheles, 
6th December 1321, 53 

49. James, Lord of Douglas, to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (addressed to him 

as King Arthur), enclosing a letter of safe-conduct, and authorising 
the bearer to arrange with the Earl regarding the place for a confer- 
ence, etc. [Circa 1322], ,54 

50. Sir James of Douglas to Sir Ralph Neville, intimating that he and 

other noblemen and gentlemen therein named had arrived at Ponte- 
fract, and requesting that Sir Ralph would send to him Richard 
Thirlewall, or any one else who could certify them as to what was to 
be done in the matters affecting them, as the persons named were 
come prepared to come to their aid in England and Wales, etc. 
[Circa 1322], 5.5 

5 1 . Archibald of Douglas, Lord of Galloway, afterwards third Earl of Douglas, 

to King Edward the Third, in reply to a letter from his Majesty re- 
questing the postponement for a month of the day appointed for a 
meeting with Lord Percy regarding a truce ; agreeing to such post- 
ponement, and stating that if his Majesty would cause the truce to 
be faithfully observed on the Western Marches, he should cause 
thorough and frequent inquiries to be made into matters by certain 
nobles, members of his Council. Brent He, 1st August 1372, 56 



52. William, first Earl of Douglas and Mar, to King Edward the Third of 
England, complaining that his vassal, John Mercer, had for a long 
time been distressed and wrongfully annoyed in England, contrary to 
the terms of the truce between the kingdoms, having, when his vessel 
was cast ashore, been arrested, and was still detained in prison by 
the F^arl of Northumberland, and praying that his Majesty would 
give orders for the liberation of the said John, and for reimbursement 
to him of the damage, expenses, and losses he had sustained during 
his arrest, which amounted to upwards of 2U0 merks sterling. IGth 
November [1376], 57 

'»3. George, [tenth] Earl of March, to King Henry the Fourth, complain- 
ing that he was greatly wronged by the Duke of Rothesay, who 
had been betrothed to his daughter, and was now, contrary to his 
obligation under his seal, and contrary to the law of Holy Church, 
espousing another wife, as was said, which wrongs done to him and 
his daughter he requested his Majesty, on the ground of kinship, to 
redress for such honest service as he might be able to render ; and 
that he would. charge the Lord Furnival or the Earl of Westmoreland 
to proceed to the March with expedition, that he (the Earl) might 
confer with them on the subject, because they were of kin to him 
and he had trust in them ; requesting also that his Majesty would 
give him a safe-conduct for a hundred knights and squires, etc., and 
informing him that he asked this on the ground that his jMajesty 
and himself were related to each other in the fourth degree of kin. 
The Castle of Dunbar, 18th February [1400], .59 

54. Archibald, fourth Earl of Douglas, to King Henry the Fourth of England, 
complaining that the Earl of Northumberland had not kept the truce 
made at Kemlyspeth on 16th May preceding, and requesting that his 
Majesty would send certain commissioners to meet with others from 
Scotland at the Marches, to hear, amend, and cause redress to be 
made for all defaults in the observance of the truce, all which were 
charged against the Earl of Northumberland. Edybredschellis, 1st 
February [UOl], 60 


55. James of Douglas, Warden of the Marches, to King Henry the Fourth 

of England, acknowledging receipt of a letter from the latter, sent hy 
the Abbot of Kelso, expressing his Majesty's surprise that, notwith- 
standing of the truce between England and Scotland, Douglas's men, 
by his will and assent, had burnt the town of Berwick, and in other 
places in England had foully broken the truce through his fault and 
contrary to his oath ; also expressing his Majesty's desire that no 
further harm should be done, but amends made for what was past ; 
in answer the warden informs King Henry that, if he had been aware 
of the burning, slaughter, and taking of prisoners and Scottish ships 
by the English to the Scots before the burning of Berwick, and which 
the King of Scotland had patiently submitted to in keeping the 
truce, and had by his warden and his deputes asked redress and 
had got none, his Majesty would rather have punished the per- 
petrators of such breaches of the truce than the writer, who had 
suffered so long without redress ; and further informs his Majesty 
of the burning of Brodick Castle, and other acts of violence com- 
mitted in Scotland by the English, who had also plundered Lauder- 
dale, Tweeddale, and part of Ettrick Forest, etc. Edinburgh, 26th 
July [1405], 63 

56. Christian Seton, Countess of March, to King Henry the Fourth, 

thanking him for the benefits conferred on her in time past, and 
especially for a recent mark of his favour : stating also that she and 
her husband had again fallen into great debt, from which, without 
his Majesty's aid, they could not escape ; that their enemies would 
not allow them to withdraw to their castle of Cockburnspath till the 
plague was past ; and requesting that he would provide a remedy 
for the wrong done to them through the taking of their people by 
those waiting on the Earl of Douglas. [Circa 1407], (So 

57. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth of England, 

intimating that he had conferred with his Majesty's servitor, Edward 
Cook, and that he would faithfully fulfil his Majesty's desire, and 
had sent his trusty servitor, David Menzies, fully instructed as to 
his whole mind. Edinburgh, 29th October [c/mi 1515], 67 



58. Gavin Douglas, Postulate of Arbroath, to Mr. Adam Williamson, referring 

to the death of the Bishop of Dunkeld three days previously, and 
intimating that the Queen had written to the Pope on his behalf 
for the vacant see ; enclosing copies of the said letter for Mr. Adam 
to solicit similar letters from the King her brother; and complaining 
of the manner in which the Bishop of Moray had secured the bishopric 
of St. Andrews to himself, etc. Perth, 18th January [1515], 68 

59. Gavin Douglas, Postulate of Arbroath, to Mr. Adam Williamson, 

acknowledging receipt of a recent communication from him, and 
assuring him that the Queen and his own friends would be glad 
to follow the King's views in the matter therein alluded to ; 
but stating that it was impossible for them to do what he 
devised, for, though he and his lord and friends might come where 
they pleased, it would not be possible to carry the King nor his 
brother thither, though, with great difficulty, they might bring the 
Queen there in disguise, but not otherwise, and therefore some other 
remedy must be thought of; stating that if the King (of England) 
were to come with his army to Scotland and declare that his action 
was to secure justice and good rule, and obedience to the King his 
nephew and the Queen his sister, he would find many to take part 
with him, for the people were so oppressed by thieves and other 
extortions, that they would gladly live under the Grand Turk to 
have justice. He further requests Mr. Adam's interest for his pro- 
motion to the see of Dunkeld, etc. etc. Perth, 21st January [1515], 70 

60. Gavin Douglas, Postulate of Arbroath, to Thomas, Lord Dacre, referring 

to the King of England's instructions sent to the Queen with Sir 
James Inglis, and her Highness's answer thereto, and to his having 
written to ^Ir. Adam Williamson a letter to be shown to his Lord- 
ship and to the King; assuring his Lordship that the Queen and 
all of his friends would be glad to fulfil the King's desire, if it 
were possible ; and further requesting his Lordship's good offices for 
his promotion to the see of Dunkeld. Perth, 21st January [1515], 72 

CI. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to Mr. Gavin Douglas, Bishop-Elect of Dunkeld, 
transmitting to the latter a packet which he had recei\'ed from the 




King, containing, inter alia, a brieve directed by the Pope to Mr. 
Gavin, and one directed to the Archbishop of St. Andrews, and inti- 
mating to him that the Pope, at the request of the Queen of Scots, 
and of her brother the King of England, had elected him Bisliop of 
Dunkeld, and offering his congratulations on his promotion to that 
see, etc. Kirkoswald, 2d July [1515], 73 

62. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to Cardinal Wolsey, complaining of the evil treat- 
ment which the Queen of Scotland had suffered for a year past, as 
fuUy shown by a letter under her Majesty's hand, which his Lordship 
enclosed ; intimating that she had been reduced to the necessity of 
pledging the plate and jewels which the King gave to her, and would 
soon be driven to poverty; that he had drawn up a deed, in name of 
the Earl of Angus, whereby the latter renounced all right to intromit 
with the Queen's conjunct-fees, profits, or jewels ; and requesting that 
the Cardinal would inform him of the King's pleasure in the premises 
Harbottle, 5th March [1518], ^' -^ 

63. Ga%'in Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, and two others, ambassadors from 

Scotland in France, to Cardinal Wolsey, referring to their having 
been appointed by the King of Scotland to treat for peace and amity 
between France, England, and Scotland, and for universal concord in 
the Church of God, and requesting his Grace to procure for them a 
safe-conduct, which they expected to have received from the Duke of 
Albany's secretary. Abbeville, 27th June [1518], 75 

64. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry Eighth of England, 

expressing his gratitude to the King for having, through the instru- 
mentality of a Franciscan friar of the Observantine order, effected 
a reconciliation between his Lordship and his wife. King' Henry's 
sister, and promising to render him all possible service, his°allegiance 
to the King of Scotland only excepted ; mentioning also thit his 
Lordship's brother, George Douglas, had been in France for two 
years at the command of the Duke of Albany and kept there without 
any cause or offence, and entreating King Henry to intercede with 
the King of France and the said Duke for the recall of the said 
George to Scotland. Dalkeith, 19th October [1519], 75 


(j5. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to Cardinal Wolsey, informing him that the French 

King's servant had been unable to procure a safe-conduct to Scotland 

from the Duke of Albany, and tliat his Lordship had then procured 

a licence for him from the Humes ; stating also that the Earl of 

Angus and his brother had sailed for France in two ships of war of 

the Duke of Albany's, the Lord Fleming and the King's Secretary 

being in their company ; and entreating the Cardinal to write to the 

Pope in favour of the Bishop of Dunkeld being promoted to be Ai'ch- 

bishop of St. Andrews, of which, report said, he was Postulate, and 

also in favour of Mr. Andrew Hume to be Prior of Coldingham. 

Castle of Norham, 14th March [1521], 77 

66. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal \Volsey, recommending to 

his Grace's favour his uncle the Bishop of Dunkeld, who had been 
sent to the King of Scotland with certain instructions, which his 
Lordship trusted would be acceptable to the King and the Cardinal, 
and beseeching the latter that his uncle might be graciously received 
and his business expedited. Kirk of Style, 13th December [1521], 77 

67. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, and Lords Home and Somerville, to 

King Henry the Eighth, recommending the Bisliop of Dunkeld, as 
their envoy to his Majesty, to arrange certain matters connected witli 
the security and welfare of the King of Scotland, and beseeching to 
be informed of his Majesty's pleasure thereanent as speedily as con- 
venient. Kirk of Style, 14th December 1521, 7S 

68. Instructions by the Earl of Angus and Lords Home and Somerville to 

the Bishop of Dunkeld when sent as their envoy to King Henry 
Eighth of England, to confer with his Majesty respecting the security 
and welfare of King James the Fifth of Scotland, in view of the Duke 
of Albany's pretensions to the Crown of that kingdom, wherein it is 
suggested that the King's life was in danger, being in the Duke's 
power, and that he could not be safe in Scotland, etc. Kirk of Style, 
14th December 1521, 79 

69. Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, to Cardinal Wolsey, intimating his 

arrival in England as an envoy from the Earl of Angus and other 



Scottish Lords to King Henry the Eighth, and requesting his Grace 
to grant him an audience, and afterwards accompany him to his 
Majesty. Waltham Cross, 24th December [1521], 82 

70. Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Duukeld, to Cardinal Wolsey, intimating to his 

Grace the arrival of the Commendator of Glenluce, Secretary to the 
Duke of Albany, with the Ross herald and the Carrick pursuivant, 
entreating that he might have an audience of King Henry as 
soon as they, and suggesting that if he were made aware of their 
instructions, he might give the King and his Grace important infor- 
mation which would guide them in answering their petitions. He 
concludes by requesting the Cardinal to remember his " little matters 
at Kome." London, 31st December [1521], 82 

71. Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, to Cardinal Wolsey, intimating that 

he had learned from his chaplain that the Duke of Albany '.s secretary 
had made a false statement regarding him to his Grace, namely, that 
he had promised not to enter the realm of England, and had requested 
his Grace, on the Duke's behalf, to detain him there, and not allow 
him to pass further ; beseeching him not to credit such a statement 
coming from Albany, his deadly enemy, and not to suffer tlie safe- 
conduct granted to him to be broken. London, 1st January 1522,... S3 

72. Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, to Car<iinal "Wolsey, referring to the 

arrival in London of a certain priest. Sir John Duncanson, with letters 
from the Duke of Albany and the Archbishop of Glasgow to be used 
in Flanders, France, and Rome, and who had presented an application 
to the King and the Cardinal for a safe-conduct ; expressing suspicion 
that Sir John had been sent to injure him, and beseeching the 
Cardinal not to allow him passage until he knew more fully his 
instructions. London, 6th January 1522, 84 

73. Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, to Cardinal Wolsey, referring in 

terms of the deepest grief to the defection of Archibald, sixth Earl 
of Angus, from the King's party to that of the Duke of Albany, 
disavowing all previous knowledge of it, and declaring that he would 
never tike part with the Duke nor the said Earl without his Grace's 



express command and advice, and that he would not return to 
Scotland so long as the Duke had the rule thereof. The letter con- 
cludes "vvith a request to know whether his Grace would allow him 
an audience. Inn of Carlisle, 31st January 1522, ; S5 

7 4. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, stating that the whole 
authority of the realm of Scotland had been put by his subjects into 
the King's hands, and that, so far as the Earl had power, neither the 
Duke nor any one else should have power to use it except his 
Majesty, and offers his own service to the Cardinal in whatever he 
could be of use to him. Abbey of Jedburgh, 24th July [1524], 87 

75. Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, to King Henry the Eighth, intimating that 

the Earl of Angus had desired permission to present himself to King 
Henry, and to communicate to him certain things which affected him 
very seriously ; beseeching his Majesty not to be displeased with him 
for granting the permission requested ; and entreating his JNIajesty to 
be the Earl's good and gracious Lord, as without his royal favour 
and help the Earl and his friends in Scotland would be in great 
danger, and stating that no man in that realm was able to do his 
Majesty and the King of Scotland such service as the Earl could. 
Newcastle, 31st August [1524], 88 

76. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to Cardinal Wolsey, intimating that in consequence 

of the Earl of Angus having remained in England so long, he had lost 
the most part of his friends and part takers in Scotland, whereby he 
was not so able to serve the King nor his Grace the Cardinal as if he 
had departed into Scotland, and that, therefore, he v.'as then coming 
up in person to procure a licence from the King and his Grace to 
depart thither. Newcastle-on-Tyne, 31st August [1524], 89 

77. Sir George Douglas, brother of the Earl of Angus, to the Duke of 

Norfolk, intimating that the Bishop of St. Andrews had been set 
at liberty at the pleasure of the Queen and the Earl of Arran ; 
insinuating that they must have few friends in Scotland when they 
released the Bishop to make him a friend, since he had been a great 
friend of the Duke of Albanv, and uriring that the Earl should be 



forthwith despatched to Scotland in order to prevent the Earl of 
Arran from exercising an undue influence over the Queen, to the 
disadvantage of the Kings of both Scotland and England, and lest 
the Scottish Lords should join the Duke of Albany's party. Boncle, 
24th October [1524], 89 

78. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Margaret, Queen of Scots, intimating 

that he had been with the King her brother, by whom he had been 
so well received, that he was under an obligation to render him all 
the honour and service within his power, his allegiance to his own 
Sovereign only excepted ; that he was come to Scotland to serve the 
King his master and her Grace, and begging that she would grant 
him an audience. Boncle, 1st November [1524], 90 

79. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, intimating 

that Jbe had fulfilled his Majesty's instructions to the utmost of his 
power, for the service of the King of Scotland and the Queen his 
mother, although the latter was extremely opposed to the Earl, and 
sought by all means his destruction ; reminding his Majesty of his 
promise to take part with his Lordship against the Queen in the event 
of her not agreeing with him, and informing him that her Grace had 
spent the money his ^Majesty gave her upon his Lordship's enemies to 
invade him and his friends, and had sent persons inimical to him as 
ambassadors to his Majesty, to whom he besought the latter to give 
no credence. Tantallon, 2 8th November [1524], 'J2 

80. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, reminding the 

latter that there were certain articles made between them at his 
departure for Scotland, which he had fulfilled and would fulfil to the 
utmost of his power ; intimating also that he had made offers to the 
Queen, as his Grace had commanded him, but that she Avould hear of 
no concord, but sought by all means his destruction, and had spent 
all the money that the King gave her upon his enemies ; and there- 
fore beseeching the Cardinal not to suffer her to get more money, 
since she would not use his counsel ; also reminding his Grace that 
he had applied to him for the bishopric of Moray and the abbey of 
Melrose, both of which were vacant, and beseeching him for the bulls 



of them ; entreating that he would give no credence to the Scottish 
ambassadors who had come to his Grace, as they were his Lordship's 
greatest enemies ; and intimating that lie had applied to King Henry 
for money to furnish 200 men to serve both the Scottish King and 
himself. Tantallon, 28th November [1524], 92 

81, Mr. Magnus, the English ambassador, to Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, 

alluding to a report that the latter and the Earl of Lennox, with their 
servants, were using the monastery of Paisley as their own, to the 
great inconvenience of the monks and brethren, and expressing his 
surprise that their Lordships should do so, since the abbot bore such 
special favour to them both ; and stating his belief that his faithful 
service to the King of Scotland would be rewarded by a reconciliation 
being effected between his Lordship and the Queen. Edinburgh, 
14th December [1524], 93 

82. Archibald, sLxth Earl of Angus, to Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English 

ambassador, acknowledging receipt of the preceding letter, and deny- 
ing that he and Lord Lennox intended to use the monastery of 
Paisley to the inconvenience and injury of the abbot and monks, and 
assuring him that they would do nothing to himself nor to his 
place, but to his pleasure. Kilmaurs, 15th December [1524] 95 

8.3. Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English ambassador, to Archibald, sixth Earl 
of Angus, informing him of the arrival at Dunbar of two galleys with 
the Duke of Albany's servants, and warning him not to allow the 
French favour to withdraw him from his allegiance to tlie younf 
King his master ; assuring him that his security stood in holdino' 
firmly by his said master, and meddling with no doubtful matters. 
December [1524] Qg 

84. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English 
ambassador, acknowledging receipt of the preceding letter, and 
assuring him that he would not allow himself to be circumvented by 
French favour, and that he would do his utmost to keep Lord Lennox 
and his other friends from the same ; and referring to King Henry's 
promise to take part with his Lordship against the Queen, if she 



■would not take his counsel, which, he believed, she had not done. 
Melrose, 1st January [1525], Oii 

85. Archibald, sLxth Earl of Angus, to ^Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English 
ambassador, acknowledging a letter from the latter with assurances of 
the King of England's friendly disposition towards him ; referring 
to the expressed belief of the ambassador that the Queen, through 
his efforts, would be reconciled to his Lordship, states that he cannot 
perceive this from her conduct, but is anxious to see it, etc. 
St. Andrews, 27th January [1525], <j7 

SQ>. Sir George Douglas, brother of the Earl of Angus, to Sir Christopher 
Dacre, complaining that the latter had not come to Coldstream three 
days previously to meet with him, as representing Lord Angus his 
brother, who was unable to attend personally ; stating his inability 
to remain there longer and requesting Sir Christopher to send any 
writings he had for Lord Angus or credence from King Henry to 
the Lady [Prioress] of Coldstream or the English ambassador, without 
delay. Coldstream, 31st January [1525], 98 

87. William Douglas, Prior of Coldingham, to Cardinal Wolsey, reminding 

him that the King and his Grace had promised that diligence would 
be used at Rome respecting his benefice of Coldingham ; stating that 
he understood that papal bulls Avere prepared, and desiring to know 
the truth in regard thereto as speedily as possible. Edinburgh, 1st 
March [1525], 09 

88. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, stating that he had 

done his utmost to fulfil the promise that he had made to King Henry 
to establish unity and concord between the realms of Scotland and 
England, and to withdraw the nobles of Scotland from the interest of 
France and from the Duke of Albany, and had, with great pains and 
labour, succeeded with the most part of the Scottish Lords ; referring' 
to his bond not to intromit with the Queen's person, lands, nor tjoods 
until the English ambassador had ascertained from her if she would 
treat his Lordship as her husband, he states that he had ever ofl'ereil 
his service to her Grace, but she still persevered in her opposition to 


him and his party, and therefore he entreated that he miglit intromit 
'vvith all that pertained to her that he had right to in reason and 
good conscience ; and concludes by reminding the Cardinal that he 
had got no answer from the King or his Grace to his application for 
the bishopric of Moray and the abbacy of Melrose, nor in reference to 
the bulls of the abbacy of Coldingham, which was promised to him. 
Edinburgh, 8th March [1525] 100 

8i.». Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, referring to the 
zealous efforts he had made for the welfare of both the realms, and 
to the request made to him by King Henry and the Cardinal that 
he would for a time abstain from intromitting with the lands and 
goods belonging to the Queen, in the hope that she might stand better 
affected to him, he beseeches that he might intromit with the Queen's 
lands and goods as far as he had right, and further he would not 
desire ; concluding by a request to have information regarding the 
vacant bishopric of Moray and the abbacies of Melrose and Colding- 
ham. Edinburgh, 29th March [1525], 101 

90. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, wherein he 

acknowledges his obligations to the latter, and promises him faithful 
and good service next after his allegiance to his own sovereign, the 
King of Scotland ; mentions that the Queen, his Majesty's sister, 
would not accept his humble suit and service, but remained at Stir- 
lino-, away from her son, and under the influence of evil counsel ; and 
that he had kept the assurance taken in Parliament between the 
Queen and himself, and has not intromitted with her lands, mails, 
farms, nor goods in the meantime, as the English ambassador could 
testify. Edinburgh, 8th June [1525], 103 

91. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, enclosing a copy of 

the preceding letter to King Henry, and entreating him to continue 
to influence the King in his tavour ; referring to the pains taken by 
the Kin<^ and his Grace to effect a reconciliation between himself and 
the Queen, he expresses regret that she had not taken their counsel, 
and he concludes bv thanking his Grace for his great labours and 


diligence anent his brother William's promotion to Coldingham. 
Edinburgh, 8th June [1525], 103 

92. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, intimating 

that he had received his Majesty's letters, and had, with his ambas- 
sador, Mr. Thomas Magnus, delivered his Majesty's honourable gifts 
to his nephew the King of Scotland, which Avere most convenient for 
his sports both of hunting and hawking, and desired to return thanks 
to his Majesty for them and for other honourable gifts previously 
received from him. Edinburgh, 24th August [1525], 10-1- 

93. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, acknow- 

ledging, on behalf of the other Lords of Council of Scotland, his 
• Majesty's "lovabill" letters delivered by Mr. Thomas Magnus, arch- 
dean of the East Riding, from which their Lordships perceived his 
Majesty's friendly and hearty respect for the honour of the King of 
Scotland their sovereign, and his desire for perfect amity and kind- 
ness between the two realms ; stating that he himself had been 
diligent in soliciting all the Lords to bring the peace to a good and 
final conclusion ; and that their Lordships, with consent of Mr. 
Magnus, had appointed days of meeting with the English wardens 
for making redress of grievances on the part of the King of Scotland, 
and that he himself would attend personally at the next days of 
truce, and make redress to the utmost of his power ; and desiring his 
Majesty to give no credence to any sinister reports respecting him. 
Edinburgh, 31st December [1525], 105 

94. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, acknowledging 

receipt of a letter from the latter, by which he perceived that his 
Grace was displeased with him for non-redress and due reformation 
on the part of the King of Scotland for breaches of the terms of the 
peace by Scotsmen upon the EngUsh Borders ; pleading important 
business of the King as his excuse for his non-attendance at the 
meetings on the Borders, and intimating that the Lords of the 
Privy Council had appointed him to meet with the English Avardeus 
for the purpose of such redress and reformation, and that he would 
do .so, Edinburgh, 31st December [1525], IOC 



95. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, and the Earls of Argyll and Lennox, 

to the Earl of Westmoreland, assuring the latter that although there 
were some evil-minded persons endeavouring to prevent a peace being 
concluded between England and Scotland, yet their Lordships would 
rather lose their lives than suffer these persons to attain their 
unhappy purpose, and would, with the assistance of the English 
King, either reduce them to obedience or bring them to confusion. 
Edinburgh, 10th January [1526], 107 

96. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English 

ambassador, expressing regret that through pressure of weighty 
matters it had been impossible for the Scottish Lords of Council to 
attend the meetings appointed to be held for redress of Border 
grievances, and requesting the ambassador to excuse his Lordship 
to the Earl of Westmoreland and other wardens for fifteen days 
longer ; intimating the departure of the Scottish King with the Earls 
of Argyll, Lennox, and himself, with many noblemen to the number 
of 7000 foot and horse or thereby, from Edinburgh to Linlithgow, to 
resist the conspirators against his Majesty's authority, viz., the Earls 
of Arran, Eglinton, and Cassillis, Lords Ross, Sempill, Avandale, 
Hume, and others, who left the town on hearing of their approach, 
and prevented the Queen, with the Earl of Moray, the Bishop of 
Ross, and others, who were on their way from Stirling to Linlithgow, 
and caused them to proceed to Hamilton ; and that the Earl of Moray 
had left the Queen's party and offered his service to the King, which 
had been accepted, etc. Edinburgh, 20th January [1526], 108 

97. Archibald, sLxth Earl of Angus, to Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English 

ambassador, apologising for his non-attendance at the meeting of 
the wardens on the day appointed by the Lords of Council, on 
account of letters from France from the Duke of Albany to certain 
of the Scottish Lords, and that he dared not leave the custody 
of the King's person for fear of danger, as all the Lords had 
left the town except Glasgow, Lennox, and himself; assuring the 
ambassador that thereafter he would do his utmost for redress and 


good rule on the Borders on the part of Scotland. Edinbur^^h 15th 
March [1526], ° ' j^q 

98. Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English Ambassador, to Archibald, sixth Earl 
of Angus, in reply to the preceding letter, reviewing " the reasons 
alleged by the Earl for non-attendance on the Borders to meet 
the Earl of Westmoreland for redress of grievances, and suggesting 
that he might at least have sent his lieutenants or deputies to the 
meetings ; stating that the Abbot of Kelso had been at Berwick for 
the exchanging of the ratifications of the late peace ; impressing on 
his Lordship the expediency of his applying himself to keeping the 
days of truce better than heretofore ; and assuring him that if danger 
were threatened to the King's person, the English King would send 
speedy assistance on the application of his Lordship and the other 
Lords of the King's party. Berwick, 1 8th March [1526], 1 1 1 

99. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, detailing an unsuc- 

cessful attempt on the part of the Earl of Lennox, with other nobles 
and others, to the number of 3000 men, to seize the King's person 
at Melrose on his return towards Edinburgh from the Middle 
Marches, where he had been for suppressing disorders, and to destroy 
Angus and his friends, who were with the King, accompanied by not 
more than 300 men ; and informing him that they afterwards convened 
at Stirling with a great army, and by advice of the Archbishops of 
St. Andrews and Glasgow, and others, removed to Linlithgow on 
their way to Edinburgh, to carry out their purpose of seizing the 
King ; and that, on information of their approach, his Lordship, the 
Earl of Arran, and others, met them near Linlithgow, and defeated 
their purpose. Edinburgh, 16th September [1526], 113 

100. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, in reply to 

a letter from the latter expressing his Majesty's great joy at the 
failure of the late attempts to seize the person of his nephew the King 
of Scotland, thanking King Henry for his affectionate interest in 
King James, and stating his determination, with the help of the Earl 
of Arran and others, to carry out his Majesty's wishes with reference 
to the welfare of the Scottish King and his realm ; he concludes by 



detailing the efforts made by the King's party. Edinburgh, 28th 
October [1526], lU 

101. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Woisey, thanking him on 

behalf of himself and the other Lords of Council, for his good-will 
towards their sovereign, and his care for the proper custody of his 
person, and assuring his Grace that the Scottish Council would, to the 
utmost of their power, follow his advice ; and with reference to a 
statement in his Grace's letter to the Earl, that Patrick Sinclair was 
sent from the King of Scotland with letters and instructions to King 
Henry and his Grace, declares that neither Lord Arran nor himself 
knew of any such letters nor instructions; also that the Scottish 
Council would bring King Henry's letters, etc., before the Parliament 
in November following. Edinburgh, 28th October [1527], 115 

102. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Earl of Northumberland, 

acknowledging receipt of letters from the latter, and expressing his 
readiness to meet with his Lordship, whenever the latter had leisure, 
in order to redress all Border grievances, and entreating that his 
Lordship would cause good rule to be kept on his side. Edinburgh, 
30th March [1527] 116 

103. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, acknow- 

ledging receipt of letters from his Majesty relative to the breaking of 
Newcastle prison by Sir "William Lisle, his son, and others ; stating 
that King James, after having received letters from his Majesty on 
the same subject, had summoned before him Lord j\Iaxwell and him- 
self, his wardens, and sharply reproved them for suffering reset to be 
given to transgressors of the laws of England ; and promising that as 
soon as he could procure information respecting them, he would spare 
no pains in order to apprehend them and deliver them to King 
Henry's officers, as his Majesty desired. Holyroodhouse, 10th 
August 1527, 117 

104. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, referring 

to his Majesty's letters to the King of Scotland requiring the appre- 
hension of Sir William Lisle, his son, and their accomplices, stating 


that the King his master had proclamations to be made in all part? 
of the Borders for the taking or slaying of them, and otTering a great 
reward therefor, in the same manner as the Dukc of Richmond had 
done on the English side ; and assuring his iMajesty tliat he would 
himself spare no pains to accomplish his desire in that and in all 
other matters. Holyroodhouse, 2d November 1527, 118 

105. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal AYolsey, wherein, referrin'^ 

to the correspondence which had passed between the Kings of Scot- 
land and England relative to the apprehension of Sir William Lisle, 
his son and accomplices, he assures the Cardinal that King James 
had caused strict proclamations to be made on the Borders and o-reat 
rewards to be offered for the apprehension or slaying of these male- 
factors; and that he himself would do his utmost endeavours by 
night and day to accomplish King Henry's desire. Edinburgh, 2d 
November 1527, , 12y 

106. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, craving his Grace 

to cause payment to be made to David Falconer, a merchant in Leith, 
for two shipdoads of salt sold by him to Robert Beaumont and others. 
Englishmen, and for which they refused to pay, in disregard of their 
bonds and obligations. Edinburgh, 2 7th November 1527, 120 

107. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, informing him that 

the King of Scotland and the Queen his mother had written to Kin''- 
Henrj', at the request of Archibald Douglas, the Earl's uncle, for 
licence to Alexander Kay, a Scotch merchant, to purchase grain and 
victual in England, and to bring the same to Scotland by Eno-Hsh 
mariners, and requesting his Grace to solicit the King to the same 
eflFect. Edinburgh, 2 2d December [1527], 120 

108. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, with reference 

to a letter received from the latter expressive of his gratification 
on account of his Lordship's good disposition, for the establishment 
and continuance of peace and amity between Scotland and En^-land, 
and of his Grace's desire for the punishment of Sir William Lisle 
and his accomplices, stating that if he had done otherwise he would 



have proved himself unworthy of his loyal ancestors, and of the 
many special favours which he had received from King Henry and 
his Grace ; referring to a report that the Duke of Albany had received 
a safe-conduct from King Henry to return to Scotland, on the allegation 
that he had King James's consent therefor, which was contrary to 
truth ; and concludes by assuring his Grace that he would do his 
utmost without delay to use extreme diligence in the matter of Sir 
William Lisle and his accomplices, in the prosecution of which he 
had already spent much time, pains, and money. Holyroodhouse, 
29th December 1527, 121 

109. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Iving Henry the Eighth, acknow- 

ledging receipt of a letter from his Majesty complaining of the delay 
in the taking of Sir William Lisle and his accomplices, etc. His 
Lordship assures his Majesty that he had spared no labour, travel, 
nor diligence, by night nor day, for the apprehension of the said 
persons, and to preclude them from all supply or comfort in Scotland, 
in consequence of which they had been compelled to surremler them- 
selves to the English officers, for which, if his Majesty had been well 
informed, he would have given his warm thanks to the Scottish King, 
and well considered his Lordship's ser^'ice therein, etc. Edinburgh, 
28th March 1528, 123 

110. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Lord Dacre, with reference to a 

letter from the latter complaining of the non-redress of recent dis- 
orders committed on the Border, which the Earl had shown to 
King James and his Council, informing his Lordship that the King 
had gone to Fife for holidays till near Easter, and then Lord Max- 
well would be present, and justice would be done on the Borders. 
Edinburgh, 29th March [1528], 124 

HI. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, acknowledging a 
long letter from his Grace, bearing on many various and importjxnt 
matters, and, inter alia, reflecting on the want of energy on the part 
of the King and Council of Scotland in regard to the apprehension 
of Sir William Lisle and his accomplices, his Lordship states that if 
the King of England had been well informed in the subject he 


would have known that his Lordship had been diligent and faithful in 
that behalf, seeing that through his persevering efforts Sir William 
had been reduced to the necessity of surrendering himself to Kin^^ 
Henry's officers; and with reference to an allusion in his Grace's 
letter to the near termination of the treaty of peace, the Earl assures 
the former that the King of Scotland and his Council, remembering 
the kindness done to him and his realm in his minority, were resolved 
to render mutual kindness, correspondence, and friendship in return, 
and that the subject would be laid before a convention to be held 
after Easter, and the result communicated to King Henry and his 
Grace, etc. Edinburgh, 30th March 1528, 125 

112. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Sir Christopher Dacre, intimating 

that the Scottish King and Council, with a view to repressing and 
punishing trespassers on the Borders, and to the restoration of tran- 
quillity there, in tenns of the treaty of peace between the realms, 
intended to proceed thither in person Avith an army on 22d June 
following, and requesting that the King of England's subjects within 
the bounds of the Border should assist in preventing the resettino- of 
the said malefactors in England. Edinburgh, 27th May 1528, 128 

113. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, thanking 

him for his friendly efforts with King James on his Lordship's behalf, 
but expressing regret that instead of being benefited thereby, or 
obtaining equity and justice, he was more harshly dealt with on 
account of ha\-ing applied for his Majesty's intervention, and a doom 
pronounced against him and his friends invoh-ing their lives, lands, 
and goods, contrary to the laws of the realm, considering that he was 
innocent of the crimes alleged against him, as he would shortly prove 
to his Majesty ; entreating him not to suffer him to be injured or 
oppressed by his enemies, but to command the Earl of Northumberiand 
to defend him in his just action and quarrel, as his only hope was in 

his Majesty. Coldingham Abbey, 10th September 1528, 129 

114. The Chancellor and Privy Council of Scotland to King Henrv the 
Eighth, wherein, after referring to his Majesty's letters to the Kin^^ 
of Scotland, which were conceived in great kindness, love, and 




wisdom, and for which, on their sovereign's behalf, their thanks and 
service were due to his Majesty, they intimate that King James had 
summoned a Parliament which had impartially deliberated respecting 
the crimes charged against Archibald, sometime Earl of Angus, and 
had found him guilty thereof, and entreat King Henry to assist their 
sovereign and them in all cases, assuring his Majesty of their desire 
to entertain good love, amity, friendship, and justice between the 
realms, etc. Edinburgh, 10th September 1.528, 130 

115. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Earl of Northumberland, 

intimating that at the sinister solicitation of enemies, viz., the Earls 
of Argyll, Arran, Lord ^laxwell, and others, his sovereign the King 
of Scotland had led a forfeiture on him and his friends contrary to 
the laws of the realm, for no fault of his, as he would answer to God, 
and his enemies persevering in their malice, intended to cause the 
King besiege his houses, and obtain artillery and munition from 
Dunbar, and pursue him and his friends to the death, or expel them 
from the country ; referring his Lordship for more ample information 
to the bearer of the letter, by whom he had sent letters to King 
Henry and the Cardinal for help and supply, and that he and his 
might resort to England, and entreating the Earl to stand his friend 
with the King and the Cardinal. Coldingham Abbey, 11th Septem- 
ber 1528, 131 

1 1 6. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, expressing grati- 

tude for the great humanity, faith, and kindness he had at all times 
received from his Grace, and his earnest desire that he might do the 
King of England and his Grace faithful and true ser\'ice ere he died ; 
intimating that, notwithstanding their friendly offices, his sovereign. 
King James, by evil counsel of his enemies, had caused a pretended 
forfeiture to be led against hiui and his friends, contrary to reason, 
justice, and common law, and intended to besiege his houses and 
pursue himself to the death, or expel him from the country, unless 
King Henry and his Grace interfered. Coldingham Abbey, 11th 
September 1528, 132 



117. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, introducing 

his Lordship's brother-german, Sir George Douglas, who was instructed 
to communicate to his Majesty his Lordship's whole mind and resolu- 
tion, and entreating his Highness to hear his brother gladly and give 
him firm credence, considering that his Lordsliip was so -wrongfully 
treated by his enemies, unless his Highness provided a remedy. Cold- 
ingham Abbey, [14th] September 1528, 134 

118. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal "Wolsey, introducing to his 

Grace his Lordship's brother-german, the bearer of his letter, who was 
instructed as to his firm resolution and true intention in regard to all 
things; entreating his Grace, who had pacified the most part of Christen- 
dom, to use his endeavours to redress and reform the manifest wron^y 
done to him, who had ever been, and should ever be, a faithful servant 
to King Henry and his Grace, and not suflFer him to be so cruelly 
oppressed and overthrown as his enemies intended he should be. 
Coldingham Abbey, 14th September 1528, 134 

119. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Earl of Northumberland, in 

terms similar to the immediately preceding letter, recommending the 
bearer, his brother-german, to the Earl as haWng full knowledge of 
his Lordship's resolutions and intentions in all things; and entreatint^ 
the Earl to give his brother the best counsel he could in his Lordship's 
affairs, and to stand his good lord at that his time of need. Coldinc^- 
ham Abbey, 14th September 1528, I35 

120. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Earl of Xorthumberland, intimat- 

ing that the King of Scotland had come with a great force on the 
previous day to Coldingham, and placed Lord Hume and his brother 
the Abbot of Jedburgh in Coldingham to keep it; but that his 
Lordship had repulsed them, and that the King was affrighted and 
durst not remain half an hour, and never dismounted till he reached 
Dunbar; and entreating the Earl, as he knew that the King was to 
besiege his Lordship's houses on the 14th of that month, to write to 
King Henry that he might obtain the help of his Majesty and of his 
Lordship against the said day. Coldingham, 4th October 1528, ... 136 



121. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, intimating 

that the English and Scottish Commissioners had met at Berwick on 
8th November, and had appointed another meeting to bo held in the 
same place, on the 9th December following, for the final conclusion 
of peace ; and entreating his Majesty to write to the English Com- 
missioners, commanding that no peace nor truce should be made with 
Scotland, unless his Lordship's matters were redressed therein ; for 
if the truce were concluded without his affairs being ordered therein, 
he and his friends would be utterly destroyed and put down for 
ever, and would never be able to serve his Majesty, for the peace 
that Scotland desired was only for his destruction. Coldingham 
Abbey, 13th November 1528, 136 

122. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Earl of Northumberland, inform- 

ing him that on the 1 8th of October past King James had assembled 
his army, and with his own artillery and that of Dunbar Castle in 
great quantity, had so sharply besieged his Lordship's house of 
Tantallon, both by guns and ingenious men, both Scotch and French, 
that so much effort and expense had never before been expended for 
the taking of any house in Scotland ; that on 4th November the 
King had removed to Edinburgh, leaving a band of foot and a com- 
pany of horse to convey home the artillery ; that his Lordship, with 
160 horsemen of his own, pursued them, and, a little after the moon 
rose, attacked and defeated them all, both horse and foot, and slew 
David Falconer, the chief captain of the foot, took prisoner another 
captain with the master of the artillery, and had all in his power, 
but would not dishonour the King by detaining his artillery, and 
convoyed it himself till it was out of danger, etc. Coldingham 
Abbey, [14th] November 1528, 137 

123. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, representing that 

in consequence of the severity with which he was pursued, he could 
not well remain in Scotland, as the bearer would more fully explain, 
and beseeching his Grace to stand his good lord and further his 
affairs, which were now in extremity. Preston, 18th May 1529, ... 139 



124. Agreement made between King Henry the Eighth and Archibald, sixth 

Earl of Angus, narrating that the latter, in tlic event of the former 
making war on Scotland, had promised faithfully to assist him 
therein to the utmost of his power, wherefore his Majesty, in the 
event of such war, and of the Earl, at the commencement thereof, 
owning his Majesty supreme lord of Scotland and his sovereign, 
bound himself to pay £1000 to his Lordship yearly till he should, 
through his Majesty's means, be put into possession of his lands in 
Scotland, and not to make peace with the King of Scots -without 
restitution of the Earl's lands, etc. 25th August 1532, 139 

125. Sir George Douglas, brother of the Earl of Angus, to King Henry the 

Eighth, thanking his Majesty for his gracious letter to the Earl his 
brother, his uncle, and himself, and for his Highness's reward sent 
to them by his chamberlain, and requesting to be informed of his 
Majesty's pleasure as to the disposal of the custody of the tower called 
the CawTnills, of which the Earl of Northumberland, in his Majesty's 
name, had recently appointed him keeper till his Plighness's pleasure 
regarding it were known, the keeping of which was very displeasing 
to Scotland, though advantageous to England, especially to the town. 
of Berwick. Berwick, 9th February [1533], 140 

126. Sir George Douglas to Mr. Cromwell, member of the Council of the 

King of England, intimating his fear that the Scots would, without 
delay, come with force and besiege the Cawmills, which, as his Lord- 
ship knew, was not built to resist great power, and requesting, since 
the Commissioners were not agreed in the matter, to know the Kino-'s 
pleasure as to what he should do with the said house, adding that if 
his Majesty desired that he should keep it, it must be built and made 
strong, and urging expedition in forwarding the King's instructions. 
Newcastle, 10th July [1533], 141 

127. Memorandum of particulars to be contained in a letter from Kino- 

Henry the Eighth to the King of Scots, in fovour of Archibald, sixth 
Earl of Angus, and his brother, namely, to set forth that they had 
ever been faithful and true to their said King, and to plead for the 



restoration of their possessions and lands as before his Lordship's 
exile, etc. [September 1534], 142 

128. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to his brother Sir George Douglas, 
acknowledging receipt of a letter from the latter by Patrick Nisbet, 
with whom he had conversed at length ; stating that he had been 
desired by friends in Scotland to request his brother to speak with Mr. 
Adam Otterbum, and entreat him to take a friendly interest in their 
matters, as he had influence, and could be spoken to there without 
suspicion ; requesting also that Sir George would pray King Henry- 
to request Lord William to speak earnestly to the King of Scotland 
on his Lordship's behalf, as they (the Earl and his brother) should 
instruct him ; stating that the King was then at Crawfordjohn, 
and had written to the clergy to give up their right to the " cross- 
presands and the owmost claytht" [funeral gifts, and coverlet] 
through all Scotland ; that there should be no more teind, and that 
every man should have his own teind for payment of the same sum 
as he paid to his landlord for his mails ; and adding that the church- 
men of Scotland were never more discontented. Berwick, 24th 
March [1536], U3 

129. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Lord Privy Seal of England, 

announcing that King James had left Scotland, accompanied with 
five ships, taking with him the Earls of Argyll, Arran, and Kothes, 
the Lord Fleming, and others to the number of 300 or 400 men, 
and had left the Earls of Huntly, Montrose, and Egliuton, Lord 
Maxwell, and others, to govern in his absence ; and requesting that 
his Lordship would petition King Henry to move the King of France 
to intercede with the King of Scots for the pardon of himself and Sir 
George his brother, as if King James married the daughter of 
France he would deny him no reasonable request, etc. Berwick, 
30th September [1536], 144 

130. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, and Sir George Douglas his brother, 

to Lord Lisle, intimating that great influence was being used with a 
view to procure the Cardinal's release from prison, but with no 
appearance of success ; that after the Parliament had met, the Earls 



of Huntly, Argyll, Murray, and Bothwell, with a great number of 
Bishops, etc., had convened at Perth, and sent to the Governor and 
Council, by the Bishop of Orkney and Sir John Campbell of Calder, 
certain articles, one of the most important being for the liberation of 
the Cardinal, to which the Governor's answer was that he would 
grant them no such unreasonable desires. Further, a herald was sent 
to Perth to charge them to come and serve the Governor for the 
welfare of the realm, that Huntly, Murray, and Bothwell complied, 
and were followed by others, and all the nobles attended the Parlia- 
ment except Argyll, who was sick ; that the Queen's marriage was 
a^eed upon, the Earl of Arran chosen Governor, and the forfeiture 
led against his Lordship and his nephew and cousin reduced, and 
they restored to their honours, fames, lands, and goods, as before the 
forfeiture ; adding that there was a report that the Earl of Lennox 
and the Duke of Guise, with 12,000 men of war, were soon to come 
from France, for no pleasure, as was thought, to the Governor, etc. 
Edinburgh, 16th March 1542, ' j^g 

131. Instructions by King Henry the Eighth to Sir George Douglas, relative 
to the treaty to be made for the marriage of the young Queen of 
Scotland with the Prince of England : The articles provide, inter alia, 
for the delivery of the Queen's person to King Henry- or the Prince 
at the age of eight or ten years, six Earls and two bishops to be 
hostages for such delivery of the Queen's person; also that she 
should meantime be in custody of Scottish Lords appointed by 
Parliament— Lords Erskine and Seton only excepted,— and that the 
marriage should be solemnised on her attaining the age of twelve 
at furthest, etc. [May 1543], 1^9 

132. James, Earl of Arran, Governor of Scotland, to Sir George Douglas and 
others, referring to the overture made to his Lordship by King 
Henry for the marriage of his daughter, the Princess Elizabeth" 
to James, Lord Hamilton, his son and apparent heir, and expressin<T 
his thanks for the honour his Majesty had conferred on him by this 
offer. He further authorises Sir George to treat for the accomplish- 
ment of the contract of marriage. [6th May 1543], 151 



133. James, Earl of Arran, Governor of Scotland, to Archibald, sixth Earl of 

Angus, complaining of the conduct of Sir Kalph Sadler, the English 
ambassador, in maintaining a private correspondence with nobles and 
others in Scotland, contrary to the welfiire of the realm, especially in 
time of war, notwithstanding that he had failed to exhibit his com- 
mission, though charged to do so ; and that he continued to corrupt, 
by means of bribes, the great men of the realm ; charging the Earl 
to dismiss Sir Ealph out of his house of Tantallon, to allay the sus- 
picion of his own connivance, and restore his Lordship to the love 
and favour of the Scottish nobility. Lindores, 17th November 1543, 151 

134. James, Earl of Arran, Governor of Scotland, to Archibald, sixth Earl 

of Angus, with reference to the request of the latter for a charge to 
remove Sir Ralph Sadler from his house of Tantallon, stating that 
the reason of his displeasure at Sir Ealph's presence there, was, that 
he did not conduct himself as an ambassador, but daily attempted 
to seduce the faithful subjects of Scotland to the opinion of England ; 
he expresses surprise that the Earl should ask a warrant from the 
whole of the Lords, and not esteem his (the Governor's) authority 
sufficient to discharge an Englishman from this country in time of 
war; and sends again the Fiothesay Herald to charge him in the 
Queen's name and his own to cause Sir Ealph depart homeward. 
Linlithgow, 26th November [1543], 152 

135. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, by his 

Majesty's chaplain, wherein his Lordship expresses a desire to know 
that his Majesty was assured of his attachment to his service, which 
he declared should continue while his Lordship lived, notwithstanding 
that the contrary had been vehemently stated to his Majesty ; and 
asks him to give credence to the bearer of his letter. Dalkeith, 5th 
March [1545], 153 

136. Sir George Douglas, brother of Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Sir 

Ealph Eure, wherein he refers to the landing of two French ships ; 
that intimation had come to the Queen and the Cardinal of the 
French King's having sent to the Eegent the Order of France and 
40,000 crowns in money ; that Captain Lorge Montgomery was coming 


"with 6000 men and six months' provisions, and 400,000 cro^\Tis of the 
sun ; also, 40,000 men from France, under command of the Duke of 
Guise ; states that he had caused his brother the Earl of Angus to 
deliver his commission of lieutenantry before the Governor and 
Council, but that the Governor could not discharge him of his office, 
and suggesting that the English King should make proclamations on 
the Borders that though the treaty for peace and for the contract 
of marriage made at London had been falsely broken by evil-disposed 
Scotsmen, yet his Majesty would defend in their lives, lands, and goods, 
all true Scotsmen who would maintain and fortify the said peace 
and contract, and prosecute those who opposed the same with fire 
and sword to the utmost extremity, etc. [February 1545], 153 

137. Sir George Douglas, brother of Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King 

Henry the Eighth, intimating that as he was informed that his 
Majesty was much displeased with him, he would not have ventured 
to write to him, had not Sir Ralph Eure expressed his belief that his 
Majesty was not so displeased with him as had been represented, 
and desiring to know his Majesty's pleasure in writing, which would 
add greatly to his comfort. Edinburgh, 15th February [1545], 156 

138. Sir George Douglas to King Henry the Eighth, acknowledging a 

gracious letter from the latter showing that he still enjoyed his 
Majesty's flivour, and stating that he had ever held the same views 
as his Majesty till he was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, where he 
would have lost his life had not his iMajesty's army come to Scotland, 
though during his imprisonment the English had burnt and taken 
away all his goods ; that he had lost £1000 more than any Scotsman 
in Scotland, notwithstanding his true service to his jNIajesty ; informs 
his Majesty that the report in Scotland was that if he were master of 
the realm he would reduce the gentlemen to the condition of shepherds, 
which was alienating the minds of the people from him ; and that he 
(Sir George), since he knew his Majesty's sentiments, would propose 
to the Queen, Lords, and Regent to enter the Scottish prisoners, 
after which his Majesty would be willing to treat for a marriage 
between the Queen of Scots and the Prince of England, and for peace 


between the kingdoms ; but as the Queen was at Stirling, the Eegent 
at Lauder, and tlie Lords chiefly at their own homes, the answer 

might be delayed for a time. Lauder, 25th February [1545], 157 

130. Sir George Douglas to Sir Ralph Eure, Warden of the Middle Marches, 
enclosing a letter to King Henry, and stating that he could not so' 
soon inform his Majesty of what he desired to know ; that he had 
written to him respecting his plate and other property in Berwick, 
and requesting Sir Ralph to move his Majesty to cause his property 
to be restored to him. Lauder, 25th February [1545], .'. 159 

140. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, Sir George Douglas, and the Sheriff of 

Ayr, to the Earl of Cassillis, in form of a memorandum taken by the 
servant of the latter, to the effect that they would do their utmost to 
promote the peace between the kingdoms and the marriage between 
the Queen of Scots and the Prince of England, or anything else not 
contrary to the welfare of Scotland ; and that the Sheriff of Ayr 
believed the Earl of Argyll would do the same, and would attend the 
next convention in Edinburgh. [March 1545], 150 

141. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, the Earls Marischal and Cassillis, and 

Sir George Douglas, to the Earl of Hertford, expressing their deter- 
mination to serve King Henry in promoting the peace and marriage, 
which they were assured were for the welfare of both realms, and 
advising that his Majesty should suddenly come with an army to the 
east and west Borders, provided for remaining a long time ; and 
that proclamation should be made that his Majesty's purpose was not 
to hurt the kingdom nor any one friendly to the peace and marria-^e ; 
and requesting that his Grace would, if he approved of this course, 
make known his mind to them, etc. Melrose, 16th August [1545], 160 

142. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, the Earls Marischal and Cassillis, and 

Sir George Douglas, to the Earl of Hertford, intimating that if the 
King of England expected service from them, they must be made 
aware of his proceedings and be treated as friends, since none would 
be more disappointed than they if his ]\Iajesty's purposes were not 
effected, and expressing their conviction that all things necessary for 
his success would be provided, etc. Irvine, 9th September [1545], 161 




143. Sir George Douglas, brother of Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Earl 

of Hertford, Lord-Lieutenant of England, stating that he had heard 
of the troubles the latter had caused in Teviotdale and Merse, and 
requesting that he would be fiivourable to his kinsmen and servants, 
the Lairds of Wedderburn, Blackadder, and West Nisbet, and to his 
lands of Coldingham and Bunkle, for old friendship's sake. Tan- 
tallon, 20th September 1545, 162 

144. Sir George Douglas, brother of the Earl of Angus, to the Earl of 

Hertford, Lord-Lieutenant of England, advising that two armies 
should enter Scotland at the east and west respectively — their provi- 
sions coming by sea — one army to come from Berwick along the coast 
to Edinburgh, the other to land at Dumbarton, and both to meet at 
Stirling, to remain in Scotland till they took the strongholds and 
put garrisons therein, which might be done before assistance could 
come from France ; recommending that the Earl of Lennox should 
come with the army of the west, as the people there loved him and 
hated the Regent and the Cardinal ; that Sir George himself should 
be empowered to promise security in life, lands, and goods to all 
who should assist towards the treaty of peace and the contract of 
marriage, etc. [September 1545], , 163 

145. Lord Grey to the Earl of Somerset, containing the details of apian 

proposed by Sir George Douglas for the invasion of Scotland by the 
army of England, which was to consist of 6000 men — 2500 able 
horsemen, the rest to be footmen on horseback ; Lord Grey with 
4000 to go to Jedburgh and remain there one night, thence proceed 
to Selkirk and Hawick, thence to Peebles, thence to Lanark, Glasgow, 
and Stirling, summoning the leading men in each district where they 
halted, and commanding that no hurt be done by them or theirs to 
the King's army, but that all should do their utmost to aid and pro- 
mote his Majesty's service ; indicating also the strongholds in the 
different localities which should be taken, as Nethan, Glasgow, 
Linlithgow, Stirling, etc. [20th October 1547], 164 

146. William, Lord Grey, to Sir George Douglas, expressing his disappoint- 

ment at the triflini? nature of the communications received from the 




latter, from -vvhorn he looked for better things ; and desiring him, if 
his views were changed for the better, to repair to his Lordship at 
Warkworth and declare himself, otherwise he would be as desirous to 
hinder him as before he had been to advance him, etc. Berwick, 
17th January [1547], 168 

147. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Earl of Lennox, intimating that 

he had heard of the coming of the latter and the Lord Warden to his 
neighbourhood, and had written to the Warden requesting that he 
would be friendly to him and his friends, which he believed his 
Lordship would also prove to be ; and desiring to know his Lord- 
ship's good intentions towards him and his friends in that journey. 
Drumlanrig, 22d February 1547, 1C8 

148. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Lord Wharton, Warden of the West 

Marches, referring to letters from the latter desiring him to forward 
the godly purpose of which his Lordship had often before written, 
and expressing his trust that the King's. Council, the Lord Protector, 
and the Warden, would trust to his hand and seal that he would 
perform his duty therein ; requesting his Lordship to certify him 
by the bearer, his servant, if his friends and servants should be 
untroubled by him and his. Drumlanrig, 2 2d February 1547, 169 

149. Matthew, Earl of Lennox, and Thomas, Lord Wharton, to the Earl of 

Angus, acknowledging receipt of letters from the latter expressive of 
his determination to promote the peace and marriage to the utmost 
of his power, and that they had heard the assurance of the Laird of 
Bonjed worth and James Lindsay to the same effect ; and stating that 
they would favour all those who would aid and promote the said peace 
and marriage. Lochar Briggs, 2 2d February 1547, 170 

150. William, Lord Grey, to Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, that he intended 

to destroy certain places which might relieve the French at their 
coming, and intimating the fact to the Earl, as a friend of King Henry, 
that his Lordship might not be alarmed nor displeased if any injury 
should unavoidably be done to any of his friends in carrying out 
these designs, as they should be recompensed therefor if they 

remained friendly. [4th June 1548], 170 



151. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to his daughter, .Alargaret, Countess of 

Lennox, informing her that, by accident, the house of Dalkeith had 
been destroyed, and the Laird of Glenbervie, the Master of Morton, 
George Douglas the Earl's sou, David Home of Wedderburne, and 
Alexander Home his uncle, taken forth of it; and entreating her 
Ladyship to endeavour to get some of them put into friends' lumds, 
especially the Laird of Glenbervie, who was a delicate man with nine' 
motherless children. Edinburgh, 20th June 1548, 171 

152. Memorandum of Message by Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to 

Matthew, Earl of Lennox, his son-in-law, sent with the servant of the 
latter, expressive of the former's affection for his daughter the Countess 
of Lennox, her husband, and their son ; lamenting the deaths of his 
own children, yet feeling comforted when he thought of them as in 
heaven, though grieved that he could not see them nor they him ; com- 
plaining that the world was very strange, and that he had seen many 
things; that the time had been when an Earl of Lennox and Angus 
could have ruled something on that side of the Forth ; desiring the 
messenger to tell his Lordship's son (Lennox) that a great man was 
to come from France that year to take the rule and authority of this 
realm upon him, and that it was suspected he would be strict with 
the great men here, who would abhor French laws ; expressing a 
wish that Lennox and his Countess would come down to Carlisle that 
he might see them ere he died, and that he might know the Earl's 
mind, etc. 23d February 1549, 172 

153. Margaret, Countess of Lennox, to her father, Archibald, sixth Earl of 
Angus, desiring his blessing, yet complaining of the great unnatural- 
ness which he showed her daily, mentioning especially that Lord 
Lennox, being near him and desirous to have spoken with him, he 
refused, and would not, although he had frequently said that he would 
be glad to speak with him ; reminding her father of the kindness he 
had received from her in England, which, from his opposition to the 
King of England's views, he appeared to have forgotten, and blaming 
the self-will of the Scottish nobles for all the evils which had befallen 
them, for if they had agreed to the marriage proposed, there need 


have been no Christian blood shed ; imploring him now in his old 
age to seek an honourable peace, which could not be without that 
marriage ; and reserving what further she had to say till she should 
meet him at Carlisle after Easter. Wressil, loth March [1550], 173 

154. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Richard Graham of Berentyne, 

wherein he intimates that he was come to his castle of Crawford 
for settling causes among his own people, and had heard that procla- 
mation had been made at Carlisle that all men might make raid upon 
the lairds of Skyrling, Bonningtoun, Covinstoun, Carmichael, Lee, 
Glascune, and Jerviswoode, the town of Lanark, and others his Lord- 
ship's servants, and that nothing was left that was not proclaimed 
free except his own proper heritage, and requesting Mr. Eichard to 
inform him if such was the case ; adding that he would take no 
shame now in his old days, for he had suffered damage enough already, 
for Covinstoun and Carmichael were then in Carlisle with the 
Captain of Crawfurd. Castle of Crawfurd, 16tli November 1553, ... IT-t 

155. James Douglas, Earl of Morton, to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, 

referring to a recent disturbance between the castle and the town of 
Edinburgh, which, it had been discovered, was occasioned by some 
^vTong dealing of the townspeople who kept the West Port ; he states 
that after conference with the Chancellor [John Lord Glamis, late 
Chancellor], Lords Ruthven and Herries, he had agreed to deliver up 
the custody of the castle to the King or any one his Majesty might 
appoint to receive the same, on obtaining a sufficient discharge for 
the jewels, movables, and ammunition therein; adding that the 
report in Dalkeith was that they intended to demand delivery of 
the castle under pain of treason, which, if true, would be hurtful to 
his Majesty, as the persons entering thereto might take possession of 
the jewels, etc., which his Lordship had with great labour recovered 
and carefully kept ; and requesting the Earl of Angus to procure a 
respite for the writer's brother the captain, the constable, and those 
that were with them, for the recent unhappy slaughter in Edinburgh. 
Dalkeith, 19th March 1577, 175 

156. Robert Bowes, the English Ambassador, to Archibald, eighth Earl of 

Angus, intimating that on conferring with the Lords in Edinburgh, 
he had found them reasonably disposed both to lay aside all arms 
and violent enterprise, and for timely pacifying all discontents by 
loyalty and dutiful obedience to their King, and also to refer their 
causes to the determination of unbiassed persons; expressing his 
hope that the disorders would speedily be ended, and entreating his 
Lordship to avoid everything that would hinder the progress of these 
pacific measures, and would take care that the peace shoidd be pre- 
served, and no force brought to give offence to the Lords or their 
friends. Edinburgh, 28th July 1578, 176 

157. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary 

to Queen Elizabeth, expressing his grateful sense of the Queen's 
loving care of him, and his unfeigned desire to do her Majesty 
acceptable service ; explaining for her Majesty's information the 
reason of his departure from Scotland and of his remaining in 
Carlisle ; he expresses his readiness to be employed in whatever her 
Majesty might think convenient to be done for removing disorders, 
and his intention to send his cousin, Mr. Archibald Douglas, to 
explain more fully to her the state of matters in Scotland ; requesting 
Sir Francis to procure a licence for the said Mr. Archibald to repair 
to her Majesty for the foresaid purjjose. Carlisle, 30th June 1581, 177 

158. Mr. Archibald Douglas (afterwards Scots Ambassador at the English 

Court) to Mary Queen of Scots, wherein he alludes to the French 
Ambassador being suspicious of his fidelity to her Majesty, and had 
referred him to the Duke of Guise, who had a commission to trans- 
act all her affairs, to solicit his influence with her Majesty in his 
favour, and had also advised him to counsel the Earl of Angus to do 
the same, otherwise to leave him and reveal his secrets, neither of 
■which courses he {^Ir. Archibald) considered honourable, nor likely 
to be approved by her Majesty in her heart ; adding that his honour 
and reputation were all that now remained to him of the whole 
wealth of fortune he once possessed, and that had chiefly moved him 
to adhere to the Lairds of Grange and Lethingtonin all their trouble, 



and not to accuse the Earl of Mortoun for his unnatural cruelty 
towards himself, and would also prevent him from divulfino^ the 
secrets of the Earl of Angus, communicated to him under the seal of 
friendship ; admitting that he had dissuaded the Earl from selling 
his service to those who laboured to obtain their personal advantao-e 
by the hurt and ruin of others, and declared to him that he himself 
would never receive a pension or aught that would make him sus- 
pected by his own sovereign, and that the course the Earl had followed 
was one he could not approve, though he believed he might still be 
reclaimed ; and expressing his belief that if, by her Majesty's inter- 
cession with her son the King of Scots, the Earl's estates might be 
restored to him with his Majesty's favour, he would either retire to 
France or to Scotland, and conduct himself as his Majesty should 
command, etc. 28th August 1582, I73 

159. The Earls of Angus, Mar, etc., to Queen Elizabeth of England, accredit- 
ing Mr. William Colville, who was authorised to explain their 
grievances to her Majesty, and solicit her assistance in their affairs. 
Newcastle, 20th August 1584, 181 

The Earls of Angus, Mar, etc., to Lord Hunsdon, intimating to him that 
they had despatched Mr. William Colville to her Majesty Queen 
Elizabeth, to satisfy her Majesty as to the falsehood of certain reports 
raised by their enemies to their prejudice, and requesting that his 
Lordship would permit one of themselves to repair thither to give 
information on some points which could not be intrusted to another 
person. Newcastle, 20th August 1584, 181 

The Earls of Angus, Mar, etc., to Mr. Eobert Bowes, intimating their 
desire that the latter would assist the bearer of their letter with his 
counsel, and trust him in his communications. Newcastle, 20th 
August 1584, ,, Igl 

The Earls of Angus, Mar, etc. (circular letter), to the English Court, 
accrediting Mr. William Coh-ille, whom they recommend to their 
correspondents' confidence in regard to the matters intrusted to 
him, and request their Lordships to assist him with their advice with 
reference to his mission to the Queen. Newcastle, 20th August 1584, 182 


The Earls of Angus, Mar, etc., to The Same, sent by Mr. William 
Colville, wherein they request their Lordships' favourable assistance 
to him in connection with his mission to the Queen on their behalf. 
Newcastle, 20th August 1584, 182 

160. William Pelham to the Earls of Angus, Mar, and others, thanking 

them for their letters, and for the good ojiinion they had formed of 
him ; expressing a hope that they would be enabled to bear with 
patience the severe treatment they were then experiencing from their 
sovereign and to tolerate the oppression of their enemies, and to wait 
for a favourable change of circumstances ; and stating his inability to 
advise their Lordships as to their difficulties, as he had not yet had 
a conference with Mr. Colville, and knew not precisely the state of 
their aflfairs, Eathorpe, 10th September 1584, 183 

161. Monsieur de Segur, ambassador of the King of Navarre, to the Earls of 

Angus and Mar, and other Scottish nobles and gentlemen who had 
retired into England, stating that ha\'ing been employed by his 
sovereign to promote good union and intercourse between all the 
princes who professed the reformed religion, he had had a special 
desire to kiss the hands of the King their master, and to deliver 
letters he had in charge for him, but had been unable to accomplish 
this ; and having now returned, after visiting the King of Denmark 
and the princes of Germany, he was grieved to learn of the troubles 
which had occurred in Scotland, and of the ill fortune of so many 
noble families and persons there, and expressed his persuasion that if 
the King of Navarre could in any way testify his good-will to their 
Lordships, there were no lawful means which he would not employ ; 
adding that he himself intended to advise his master to send a 
qualified gentleman to warn King James against following the advice 
of the papists, lest he should fall into the same misfortune as the 
Queen his mother, etc. [Circa 1585], 184 

162. William, ninth Earl of Angus, to William, seventh Earl of Morton, 

intimating that he had received a letter from the King desiring his 
presence in Edinburgh on the 11th April, to see justice executed on 
those who had attempted mischievous practices against his Majesty's 



own estate and person, and against their Lordships' last predecessor ; 
and earnestly requesting Lord JMorton to write to the rest of their 
friends, and to keep the said day himself, in order to assist his 
Majesty in the ministration of justice, seeing his intention was 
specially favourable to the welfare and standing of their Lordships' 
house, and he (Lord Angus) was unable to go, being laid aside with 
" ane extreme fyfher " (fever). Glenbervie, 8th [April] 1591, 187 

163. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to William, seventh Earl of Morton, 

requesting the latter to obtain from his Majesty a licence for a few 
days' longer stay at Glenbervie, as he had certain matters to attend to 
connected with his father's funeral. Dundee, 10th July 1591, 188 

164. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to William, seventh Earl of Morton, 

referring to his estate having been arrested by order of law, and 
requesting that the latter would become cautioner to the King that 
his Lordsliip's estate should be answerable to his Majesty, and to all 
having interest, conform to the laws of the country. Castle of 
Edinburgh, 2d February 1592, 188 

165. Sir John Carmichael to William, tenth Earl of Angus, intimating that 

he had spoken at great length with the King as to his Lordship's 
matters, and that his Majesty, at his earnest suit, had promised that 
if his Lordship would acknowledge his offence and crave his Majesty's 
mercy, he should neither be in danger of his life, lands, nor honours, 
so that the greatest danger he could incur would be to remain in 
ward till matters were settled; adding that though his Lordship 
esteemed him an enemy before, he was a friend, and gave him the best 
counsel, though he had not accepted it ; and that he alone had pre- 
vented both him and James Douglas from being beheaded when in 
Edinburgh in the time of the Parliament, etc. Edinburgh [circa 1593], 1 8& 

166. King James the Sixth to John Wishart of Pittarrow and others, grant- 

ing licence to them to confer with William, sometime Earl of Angus, 
touching his obedience to his Majesty and the kirk, and also concern- 
ing some particulars between him and the Duke of Lennox regarding 
the estate of Angus. 1595, '. 189 





William, tenth Earl of Angus, to King James the 'SLxth, wherein, 
referring to his Majesty being oflFended with those of the nobles who 
had met in the Inch of St. Johnston (Perth) during the last parlia- 
ment to consider how the expenses of the commissioners to parliament 
should be defrayed, he craved pardon for his part in that matter, and 
assured his Majesty that all those assembled there were well affected 
to the Union, and differed only in regard to the taxation, fearing 
that the report of it would breed a prejudice against the Union 
among the Commons, who at no time submitted willingly to taxation ; 
and begging that his Majesty would not think otherwise of him than 
as one of his most loyal subjects, to whom nothing could be more 
grievous than to be deprived of his Majesty's favour. Tantallon, 
20th November 1604, ' 190 

1 68. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to King James the Sixth, stating that 

although the parting from his native soil, his estate, house, and 
family, and more than all, the want of his Majesty's gracious 
presence, caused him exceeding grief, yet the testimony of a good 
conscience in all duty towards his Majesty and his innocence of any 
capital crime were comforts to him, and that his Majesty's displeasure 
with him was occasioned by his Lordship's conversion to the relifdon 
then established ; and with reference to his Majesty's desire to pre- 
vent his Lordship's second son from going abroad -with him, he begs 
that as the youth was subject to a universal gout, and he had been 
recommended by the physicians to send him to the baths in Lorraine, 
to have his Majesty's permission that he might accompany him for 
the recovery of his health ; adding that he would never give any part 
of his Majesty's sovereignty to the Pope. [Circa 1605,] 191 

169. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to King James the Sixth, stating his 

inability to express the grief of mind he felt when informed by the 
CouncU of his Majesty's displeasure against him, which he attributed 
to some sinister information of enemies ; regretting that he could 
not plead his innocence in his Majesty's presence, because then he 
feared not his innocence would clearly appear, although, he sub- 
mitted, the King's last commandments were somewhat hard ; he 

expresses his' willingness to be tried and punished if he could be 
justly accused by either bishop or minister, and entreats his Majesty 
not to credit all their reports of hira without more particular proof ; 
and with reference to the order for liis being warded in Glasgow, 
humbly requests, in respect of his severe bodily indisposition, tending 
to deaths that if he must be warded, it might either be in Tantallon, 
Edinburgh, or Leith ; adding that he would regard it as a singular 
benefit if he were permitted to go abroad for a time for the preserva- 
tion of his health. Canongate, 25th May 1G08, 192 

170. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to King James the Sixth, wherein, after 

referring to his long confinement in Glasgow, far from his friends, and 
in the power of his enemies, he expresses his great grief on account 
of the General Assembly having passed an act for his excommunica- 
tion, as his greatest care had ever been that he might end his days 
^which would not be long) at peace with God and in his Majesty's 
obedience, and requests his Majesty's permission either to leave Scot- 
land, never to return, or else that he might be confined within one 
of his own houses and so many miles around it, where he would be 
glad to live as a private su])ject, and not interfere in public affairs 
except by his Majesty's direction. Glasgow, 10th August 1608, ... 193 

171. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to King James the Sixth, informing him 

that after having kissed the French King's hand he had, at the desire 
of some Catholics, visited the Pope's Nuncio, and that his Majesty's 
ambassador, who had got intelligence of what passed between his 
Lordship and the Nuncio, without his Lordship's knowledge, had 
written an account thereof to his Majesty, and that he himself had 
also written the same to Sir Alexander Hay, his Majesty's Secre- 
tary, which his Majesty might read at any leisure hour, etc. Paris, 
16th February 1609, 193 

172. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to King James the Sixth, wherein, on 

the ground that he had not been allowed time to settle his affairs 
before leaving Scotland, and seeing that it had pleased his i\Iajesty 
to grant him his estates during the rest of his lifetime, he humbly 
entreated his Majesty on his knees to permit him to return to Scot- 




land for five or six months only, to order the affairs of his estate, 
which could not be done without his personal presence, and to take 
farewell of his country, family, and friends, for he would soon be 

unable to travel. Paris, 30th October 1609, I95 

173. Warrant by King James the Sixth, narrating that Louis the Thirteenth 
of France and the Queen his mother had, through their ambassador, 
earnestly petitioned his Majesty to grant to the Earl of Angus such 
assurance of his estate as the laws of Scotland could afford, Ind that 
as it had never been his intention to deal more hardly ^vith him than 
with the Marquis of Huntly or the Earl of Errol, whose obstinacy in 
religion was no less than his, he required that the same order should 
be taken ^vith his estate as with theirs, to remove any difficulties 

that might arise in connection therewith. [Circa, 1610], 1 9 5 

174. William, eleventh Earl of Angus, afterwards first Marquis of Douglas, 
to King James the Sixth, expressing his gratitude to his Majesty for 
refusing to credit unfavourable reports regarding his Lordship in 
connection with his religion, without proof, and for having sent Sir 
Robert Douglas to bring him certain information on the matter, whose 
report he doubted not would convince his Majesty how much his 
Lordship had been wronged by his detractors ; and suggesting that 
if his Majesty would be pleased to direct the Archbishops of St. 
Andrews and Glasgow to provide many of the churches in his neicrh- 
bourhood with ministers who would not attempt to supply their want 
of knowledge and of attention to duty by a mere outward show of zeal 
it would be a means of strengthening the Church, and of preservin-' 
many who were daily falling away. Douglas, 10th October 1615,..! 196 

175. The Lords of Privy Council of Scotland to King Charles the First 
intimating that they had received a petition from the Countess of 
Lothian relative to the restraint to which the Earl her husband was 
being subjected, and reminding his ^lajesty that the Earl was 
employed in negotiations for the privileges of his Scottish subjects 
in France and the alliance betwixt the kingdoms, by his Majesty's 
special warrant and the authority of the Council, and had addressed 
himself to his Majesty for liis commands before leaving for France 

and expressing their trust that he would not listen to any suggestions 
which would reflect so much on his Majesty's honour, and give just 
cause of discontent to his good subjects, who could not but regard 
Avhat was done to their commissioner as done to themselves, and that 
if the Earl had done anything against his King or country during his 
negotiations, he should be tried at home by the ordinary judicatories 
of the land. Edinburgh, 3d November 1643, 197 


176. Sir Simon Musgrave, English "Warden, to Archibald, eighth Earl of 

Angus, craving redress for various depredations therein specified, 
committed by the inhabitants of Liddesdale within his bounds, after 
the troubles between Sir John Forsier and Mr. Carmichael, and the 
breaking up of the commissioners. Bewcastle, 21st October 1575,... 199 

177. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood, English Warden, to Archibald, eighth Earl 

of Angus, requesting that his Lordship would assist him in recovering 
a goss-hawk which he had lent to Nisbet, baron of Dalziel, that the 
latter might cure it of a wound it had received, and which the said 
Nisbet now falsely alleged had been killed by a mad dog. Esliugton, 
- 31st October 1575, 200 

178. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, Scotch Warden of the West Marches, 

to Lord Scrope, Warden of the West Marches of England, stating 
that it was the Regent's desire to redress recent disorders on the 
Borders and to punish the offenders, in order that the good subjects 
of both realms might live more quietly in time coming ; he expresses 
• regret that as a convention of estates had been summoned for an early 
day, it would be impossible for him to meet Lord Scrope, or hold a 
court in Liddesdale, as he intended, till after the convention, and 
authorises the former to consider and accept any offers of redress and 
amendment made by offenders. Jedburgh, October 1575, 201 

179. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, wherein, 

referring to an allegation by Sir John Forster that he. Sir Cuthbert, 
had promised to the Earl to disprove all Sir John's statements con- 


cerning the " Reed Swyer," he denied that he had made any such 
promise, and expressed a hope that his Lordship would testify 
whether he (Sir Cuthbert) had ever done so ; sends his Lordship 
some venison and a couple of hounds, etc, Eslington, 14th Decem- 
ber 1575, 201 

180. Sir John Forster, English Warden, to James, Earl of Morton, Regent 

of Scotland, complaining that some Scotchmen of the name of 
Douglas had come to Newhall, within his jurisdiction, and carried off 
from a very poor man named Gibson, thirty oxen and cows, and 
requesting that the Regent would give orders for the restoration of 
the poor man's property, as there were then no warden meetings held 
on the Borders. Hexham, 6th May 1576, 202 

181. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, expressing his 

readiness to have attended on his Lordship at Jedburgh to assist his 
redressing disorders, had his Lordship's affairs admitted of his longer 
stay there, adding that he would be ready to make present redress for 
all things mentioned in his Lordship's bill except for the horse which 
Douglas claimed, and even for that he would yet make reparation — 
although the Englishman asserted that he took Douglas on English 
ground — and would do everything in his power to preserve amity 
and peace between the realms ; and requesting that his Lordship 
would cause Gibson's property to be restored to him. Hexham, 16th 
May 1576, 203 

182. Sir John Forster, "Warden of the Middle Marches of England, to 

William Douglas of Bonjedward, Deputy Warden of the Middle 
Marches of Scotland, informing him that a number of persons of the 
name of Crosier went to Tynedale with the intention of slapng 
Archibald Robsone, Stonehouse's son, and that he being gone to the 
Queen's Court at Warwick, they met a young child, Henry Robson, 
son to Jeffrey Robson of Stonehouse, and cruelly murdered him ; 
and demanding that speedy punishment should be inflicted on the 
murderers. Hexham, 29th May 1576, 204 

183. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, giving him 

details of the cruel murder by the Crosiers of Henry, son of Jeffrey 



Robson of Stonehouse, a youth of sixteen years of age, by cutting off 
one of his legs, and dismembering hira very cruelly, and desiring 
that reparation should be made to prevent further inconvenience. 
Hexham, 29th May 1576, 205 

1 8 4. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Forster, in reply to the 
immediately preceding letter, wherein he expresses himself sorry that 
such an event should have occurred, especially in a time of so great 
quietness, and assures Sir John that he would adopt such measures 
for the punishment of the offenders as would satisfy him, adding that, 
as Sir John was no doubt aware, the Crosiers had three of their 
brothers slain by the English in time of peace, and reminding him 
of some Scottish Border grievances that were still unredressed. 
Dalkeith, 5th June 1576, 205 

185. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, intimating the 

receipt of a letter from the latter, with the copy of a bond made by 
Sir John to the late Eegent Murray, and that he had done as his 
Lordship desired "v\-ith reference to two bills therein mentioned ; but 
declining to be held responsible for ihe good behaviour of the Forsters 
dwelling in Greenhaugh, as he had no recollection of having granted 
such a bond to the late Eegent, though he would use his utmost 
endeavours to prevent all disorders by them or any other persons. 
Alnwick, 27th October 1576, 206 

186. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, inti- 

mating that he had " billed" the Laird of Mow's servants for eighty 
old sheep they had had of his since Christmas, which bills the Laird 
had freed his men of, and that he (the said Cuthbert) had then desired 
the Laird of Sesforth [Cessford] to affirm his oath upon his honour, 
which he refused to do unless his Lordship commanded him ; beseech- 
ing the Earl therefore to call the Laird of Cessford before him, and 
cause him either to quit or file those bills ; sending his Lordship a 
couple of hounds, and offering " as fleet a brache and tougher than 
ever maiden was," if he pleased to accept of her, and what other 
hounds he desired. Eslington, 14th November 1576, 207 


187. John Selby of Twysell, Deputy-Warden of the East Marcli of England, 

to Archibald, Earl of Angus, Lieutenaut-General of the Scottish 
Borders, intimating that he had received from Sir John Forster 
information of his Lordship's willingness to redress the odious 
attempt of the prisoners lately taken into Liddesdale, some of whom 
were retained as security for the ransom of the others, and suggest- 
ing the necessity of prompt measures being taken therein, in con- 
sequence of the great outcry in England on the subject. Berwick, 
17th November 157G, 208 

188. John Selby of Twysell, Deputy- Warden of the East March of England, 

to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, referring to his Lordship's 
recent agreement made with Sir John Forster at Jedburgh, touch- 
ing the reformation of the disorders of the Borders, and especially 
since the " Reed Swyer," and informing him that, finding Lord 
Hunsdon agreeable thereto, he had sent the English rules to the 
Laird of Cessford, his Lordship's deputy-warden, from Avhom, how- 
ever, as he had received no complaints, he concluded he had none ; 
he complains that no meetings had yet been appointed for redress of 
the English grievances, although her IMajesty's subjects were daily 
and nightly spoiled, and expresses a hope that his Lordship Avould 
appoint a day of meeting, at which he would meet with the Scottish 
officers to take steps for securing justice. Berwick, 2Gth January 1576, 208 

189. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to John Selby of Twysell, acknow- 

ledging the receipt of the preceding letter, and, with reference to the 
order taken at Jedburgh, his Lordship trusted the English warden 
would find no want of attention in those whom he had appointed his 
deputes, and, he believed, the Laird of Cessford would also be willing 
to do as the English warden desired ; referring to John Davison's 
matter, stated that had the Eegent not expected some better effect to 
follow on the meeting at Eeddenburn, he would not have troubled 
himself as he did. Holyroodhouse, 2d February 1576, 209 

190. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, wherein he states 

that he had received a letter with certain rolls from the Laird of 
Bonjedworth, concerning attempts committed since the last meeting, 




at which the said Laird had refused to answer for Liddesdale ; that 
on account of the Laird of Cessford's long absence no answer had been 
made or received, although very great disorders were daily com- 
mitted by the evil-disposed people of that country ; and requests his 
Lordship's answer in writing with all expedition, at whose hands 
he will receive justice for these two bounds, etc. Alnwick, 9th 
February 157G, ' ^^^ 

101. SirCuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, Lord- 
Lieutenant of the Scottish Border, intimating his willingness, at 
his Lordship's suggestion, to take the principal and a bond for the 
doubles of his claims, and to relieve the Laird of Mow for the rest, 
and entreating his Lordship for justice such as others got, yet 
declaring that, rather than offend his Lordship, he would forgive 
the whole, both doubles and principal; adding that he had provkled 
for his Lordship a young huntsman who could " blow a horn excellent 
well," etc. Eslington, 13th February 1576, 211 

l'J2. John Selby of Twysell to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, requesting 
that he would cause the Laird of Cessford to appoint a day for meet° 
mg at Eiding Burn, for the purpose of redressing disorders on both 
sides of the Border ; complaining that through the want of such 
meetmgs the thieves of East Teviotdale had become so bold that 
almost every night there were open robberies of the Queen's subjects 
within the East Marches of England, and a robbery and murder had 
been committed by them at Haughton, besides several cases of assault 
and robbery in Spittal, Hawick, and other places ; and it was with 
difficulty he (the English Warden) could restrain her Majesty's 
subjects from taking revenge for these wrongs, etc. etc. Ber\vick, 
IGth February 1576, ' oj.^ 

193. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir Cuthbert Collingwood, with 
reference to the meeting between the Laird of Bonjedworth and some 
of Sir Cuthbert's friends relative to the delivery of some bills, and 
expressing regi-et "that matters had not then been finally arranged 
among them ; referring the miscarriage of the business to Sir Cuth- 
bert's necessary absence from the meeting, and suggesting that he 




should write to the Laird of Ronjedburgh tliat another day of meetin- 
might be apiwinted for tlie final settlement of the matter. Holv- 
roodhouse, 18th February 1576, 014 

194. Sir John Forster to William Douglas of Boiijetlburgh, Deputy- Warden 
for AVest Teviotdale, in the Middle Marches, acknowledging a letter 
from the latter with rolls enumerating divers disorders to be redressed ; 
statmg, with regard to two bills therein referred to, that he would fde 
the same at next meeting, if the said Laird would certify them correct 
and that he would answer them according to justice ; requesting that 
the Deputy- Warden would cause his (Sir John's) letter and the rolls 
of Liddesdale and East Teviotdale to be sent to Lord Angus, that the 
deputies he should appoint might return answer as expeditiously as 
possible ; and sending a copy of the list of outrages committed by the 
inhabitants of West Teviotdale with a view to their being redressed, 
adding that long John Elwood, brother to Will Elwood o'f the Stele] 
had come to his grounds in Hexhamshire and stolen 100 of his best 

wethers. Alnwick, 21st February 1576, 215 

195. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, referring to the 
refusal of the Laird of Boujedworth to answer for Liddeldale or 
East Teviotdale, the inhabitants of which districts were dailvmakin- 
great spoil within his office of the Middle Marches, regarding which 
he had before written to his Lordship, but had receive^'d no answer ; 
and, in respect that no otficer had been appointed to answer for 
Liddesdale, and that the Laird of Cessford was absent, he enclosed 
to his Lordship a copy of the rolls of the outrages committed in 
Liddesdale and East Teviotdale, to be delivered to the depute-wardens 
to be appointed thereto, that he might receive justice at their hands 
Alnwick, 22d February 1576, ojg 

196. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, intimatin- to him 
that William Medley's wife of the Sills had come to him regarding 
her child, whose foot had rotted at the joint through the cruel pres"^ 
sure of the irons put upon him by Gavin Elwood, and reminding the 
Earl that the cause of it was the non-deliverv of their bill, which 
should have been the relief for the loosing of the child, for which 


delivery he (Sir John) had liis Lordship's bond, and of -which, he 
trusted, delivery would be made -without any further delay. Alnwick, 
22d February 1576, 217 

197. John Selby, Depute English Warden, to Archibald, eighth Earl of 

Angus, stating that he had caused all of John a-Whytton's goods that 
were alive to be offered to him in accordance Avith the order taken at 
Riding Burn ; and complaining that the Marches were daily spoiled 
by the thieves of Teviotdale for lack of meetings of the Avardcns and 
their deputes for redress of outrages ; and that if his Lordship did 
not soon appoint his officer for East Teviotdale to meet the English 
Warden, the latter must certify the Lords of Council and his superior 
that he had often craved it at his Lordship's hands without effect, 
etc. Berwick, 27th February 1576, 217 

198. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Forster, English Warden, 

informing him that the delay of meetings between him and the Laird 
of Cessford for East Teviotdale was occasioned by the Laird having 
resided chiefly in Edinburgh during the -winter, but that he would 
now soon be at home, and would answer Sir John ; also, that his 
Lordship would within a few days send into Liddesdale persons 
empowered to put matters to right, and redress offences; and that he 
had already sent southward grey Will Elliot, the principal offender 
in Will Hedley of the Sills wife's bill, to be entered for delivery 
thereof; adding that he had received from the Laird of Edgerston a 
letter touching the death, in irons, of a friend of his who had entered 
for a bill, and could not be got relieved. Holyroodhouse, 29 th 
February 1576, 218 

199. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to John Selby, English Warden, 

acknowledging a letter from him relative to sundry disorders recently 
committed within his bounds, and expressing his sincere regret for 
the same ; alleging that the delay of meetings had not been on the 
part of Scotland, as was evident from what the Eegent did and 
directed in connection with John Davidson's complaint at Jedburgh, 
and stating that his Grace was dissatisfied with the order taken at 
Reddenburn, and with the fulfilment of it ; adding that he would 


further the redress of all other outrages when he learned that the 
said John Davidson had received satisfaction, and requesting ' that 
the other letter enclosed [Xo. 198] might be forwarded to the Lord 
"Warden of the Middle Marches. Holyroodhouse, February 157G, ... 219 

200. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to John Selby, English "Warden, 

wherein he agrees to John Davidson s desire to have the assize on 
the same day on which he receives delivery of his goods alive, and 
wishes both speedily done ; states that the Avaut of meetings had not 
been the fault of Scotland, and that if he (the Warden) would not 
certify the Lords of her Majesty's Council to that effect, his Lordship 
himself would do so, and would have done it long ago, had he not 
expected ere now to have received equitable redress of John David- 
son's complaint; adding that the Warden could not justly charge 
it against him that the Jedburgh order remained unperformed, etc. 
Dalkeith, 3d March 1576, 220 

201. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, intimating that 

Hob Gilchrist having plundered some of the Eegent's men of their 
horses, the writer had sent men to AUanton to apprehend him and 
bring him to justice ; that he almost slew one of his captors when 
takinsr him, and that he was then at Sir John's house to be tried and 
hanged ; that he (Sir John) had sent the horses back to be delivered 
to the Laird of Bonjedworth ; and that, with reference to the cause of 
Rutherfurd's death, he had found, on inquir}', that he died of illness 
in prison, being an old man, and no one having offered to relieve him ; 
adding a request that his Lordship would issue a warrant for the 
apprehension of one Denning. Alnwick, 1 -1th March 157G, 221 

202. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, informing him 

that the law had been put in force against Hob Gilchrist for the 
offences committed by him, and that now earnest suit was made 
to him to petition his Lordship in favour of his son Dand Gilchrist, 
whose friends offered to become security to his Lordship for his good 
behaviour in time to come, and that he would redress all complaints 
made against him ; that the young man himself seemed to regret his 
past life, and promised amendment, and he (Sir John) trusted that his 



father's death would deter him from such courses, and therefore 
humbly entreated that his Lordship would extend mercy to him, a 
favour which he would reciprocate to his Lordship when an occasion 
should offer. Alnwick, 11th April 1577, 222 

203. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, acknowledging his 

Lordship's letter in favour of Gavin Elwood's bill ; that he had learned 
from his cousin ]Mr. Middleton that Dick Feuwick and others were 
also concerned in that bill ; and that his said cousin was fully per- 
suaded that the spoliation made on Ehvood would prove to have been 
perpetrated by some Englishmen his ancient enemies ; and that if it 
had only concerned Gavin Ehvood and the Scotchmen, Mr. Middleton 
would very willingly have granted his Lordship's request. Hexham, 
14th April 1577, 222 

204. John Selby of Twysell to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, interceding 

with his Lordship for Hobbie Dalgleish, one of his Lordship's 
dependants, who was filed in a bill for stealing a nag, on the last day 
of truce for Teviotdale ; and stating that at Hobbie's request he had 
examined a felon of England in prison, one Arch Baird, who had 
confessed that he bought a nag from Jock Chambers of Lynton, which 
he exchanged with Hobbie Dalgleish for another ; and desiring his 
Lordship's help to procure for Hobbie reparation at the hands of 
the said Chambers. Berwick, 20th April 1577, 223 

205. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, request- 

ing his acceptance from the bearer of a leveret, " whole of feather 
and bone," and of as good an eyrie as any in England, " higher gated" 
than the hawk, and the like kind was not in Scotland, although he 
was not so valuable as the worst of many hawks which the Earl had 
bestowed on him ; mentioning that the Laird of Bonjedworth's bond 
which he (Sir Cuthbert) had accepted for the Laird of Mow's bills was 
not yet discharged, and expressing a hope that the Earl would not 
clearly quit jMow of them, since he had used the writer and his 
servants ill in allowing his brother to reset a shepherd who had stolen 
200 sheep from one of his servants. Eslingtou, lUth June 1577, ... 224 



206. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir Cuthbert Collingwood, in reply 
to the preceding, thanking him for the leveret, " ane kind of hawk 
not to be had in Scotland," and the first red hawk his Lordship had 
seen that year, and expressing regret that he could not then send 
back his servant full-handed as he came ; stating that Bonjedworth's 
bond for the Laird of Mow, if not already discharged, as his son 
George Douglas understood it was, would be so when his son, Avho 
was then at Dalkeith, returned home, etc. Dalkeith, 1 3th June 1577, 


207. The Lord Scrope, English Warden, to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, 

wherein he assures the latter that he would find him ready, to the 
uttermost of his power, to further the ends of justice and the con- 
tinuance of amity between the realms, and that he would, on informa- 
tion from the Earl, give strict orders for avoiding the relief or reset 
within his bounds of those disobedient to the Earl as Scotch Warden. 
Carlisle, 4th July 1577, --^ 

208. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Lord Scrope, EngUsh Warden, 

enclosing the names of the principal fugitives whom he had found 
disobedient within the west wardenry, and requesting that the latter 
would cause them to be publicly denounced and proclaimed within his 
bounds, and acknowledge receipt of the said list of names, in order 
that he might the better crave justice of tlie resetters of them in Eng- 
land ; and, with reference to the unlawful pasturing of English cattle 
on Scottish ground, under which pretext sundry plunderings are com- 
mitted, he entreated his Lordship to cause similar proclamation to be 
renewed at Carlisle, warning all that where goods were staff-herded in 
Scotland by Englishmen, the Earl would cause the persons to be appre- 
hended and the animals confiscated, etc. Dumfries, Uth July 1577, 22G 

209. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, in reply 
to one from the latter with reference to the Laird of Mow, stating 
that if the Earl would cause the Laird and his men forbear from 
taking his goods, he (Sir Cuthbert) would consider it the greatest 
pleasure he could confer on him, and that he would be sure to have 
the like forbearance at his hands ; and that the Laird of Bonjedworth 



had told him if he took the principal of his bills, the Laird of Mow 
would not keep assurance with him. Eslington, 17th July 1577, ... 228 

210. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to the Lord Scrope, requesting his 
acceptance of a present of a cast of tercells of falcons, whole of 
feather and bone, and intimating that if there were any other hawks 
or anything else that would be acceptable to him, the Earl would 
gladly send them, as he felt himself much indebted to his Lordship's 
favour. Dalkeith, 25th July 1577, 228 

2U. The Lord Scrope, Lord Warden of the West Marches of England, to 
Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, requesting a passport for two of his 
servants, whom he had sent to St. Andrews to purchase hawks for 
him ; and desiring restitution of two mares stolen from Cargoe by one 
of the Laird of Johnstone's servants, and the punishment of the 
offender. Carlisle, 27th July 1577, 229 

2 1 2. The Lord Scrope, Lord Warden of the West Marches of England, to 

Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, recommending to his Lordship's 
favour John Crackenthorpe, gentleman, who was desirous to travel 
into Scotland to buy hawks, for which his Lordship's licence was 
requisite. Carlisle, 27th July 1577, 229 

213. The Lord Scrope, Lord Warden of the West Marches of England, to 

Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, thanking the latter for having 
advised the Eegent to write to the Queen of England for some soldiers 
to be placed at Lord Scrope's disposal for preserving order in the 
West Marches, and suggesting that no time should be lost in reducing 
the disturbers to obedience, or subjecting them to extreme punish- 
ment ; also stating that so long as the principal sort of offenders on 
the Borders were allowed to purge themselves by their oaths, there 
would be small hope of justice, for even with regard to Will of 
Gretnahill, who had sworn himself clean of two bills, one for four 
oxen and one for six or seven horses, mares, and fillies, he doubted 
not that he would be able to convince the Earl of the contrary. 
Carlisle, 7th August 1577, 230 

214. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to the Lord Scrope, intimating that 

he had conferred with the Regent regarding the time of his visit to 

the Borders, and that his Grace could not now alter the date of the 
convening of the forces, since the proclamation was already made ; but 
that, with a view to obviate the inconvenience feared by Lord Scrope, 
he would, as soon as possible, send some horsemen and footmen to the 
bounds west of the woods, to endeavour to restrain their insolence and 
the increase of their number, etc. Dalkeith, Uth August 1577, 231 

215. The Lord Scrope to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, recommending to 

his favour Mathew Monk of Carlisle, who intended to repair to 
Edinburgh to purchase wines, for which his Lordship's licence was 
necessary ; also desiring that his Lordship would render thanks on 
his behalf to the Eegent for having obtained the aid of soldiers for 
the suppression of the disorders on the Borders. Carlisle, 18th 
August 1577, 232 

216. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to 8ir Cuthbert Collingwood, request- 

ing him to send with the bearer, for his Lordship's inspection, a 
young horse, as he was then in want of one, and to inform him of 
the price. Branxholme, 14th September 1577, 233 


217. King James the First of Scotland to his brother-in-law, Archibald, 

fourth Earl of Douglas, alluding to his Majesty having previously 
and repeatedly written to the Earl to stir up his uncle Albany to 
labour for his Majesty's deliverance from captivity in England, and 
again renewing his solicitations to the same eftect ; stating that he 
had found the King of England personally friendly to that end, and 
begging that the Earl would inform him by the bearer what he had 
done, and what he could do, in the matter. Stratford Awe, 30 th 
January [1416], 234 

218. Archibald, fifth Earl of Angus, "Bell the Cat," to John Ogilvy of 

Inverquharity, acknowledging the receipt of twenty merks Scots as 
in full for the relief duty of his lands of Inverquharity, if he had 



been duly retoured thereto, and as pro tanio of his composition for the 
said lands if he had not yet been served and retoured thereto. 
Douglas, 15th March 1490, 234 

219. George, Master of Angus, grandson of Archibald, fifth Earl of Angus, 

to John, fourth Lord Hay of Yester, acknowledging the receipt of his 
letter, and promising to speak to the Earl of ]\Iorton concerning the 
Laird of Drummelzier, as requested therein ; and desiring his Lord- 
ship to have his people always in readiness to come to Edinburgh in 
twenty-four hours' warning, but not to come without warning. 
Edinburgh, 18th August [1547], 235 

220. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of luverquharity. 

Bailie of the regality of Kirriemuir, referring to an action called and 
pursued before the latter by Mrs. Margaret Lyon against a friend of 
his Lordship's called Katherine Strachan, and her husband, with the 
view of removing them from their " auld, kynd, and native ro^vme 
and possessioun ;" and desiring that the Bailie would delay his 
decision in that matter till he received his Lordship's further instruc- 
tions. Edinburgh, 19th August [circa 1576], 236 

221. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvie of luverquharity. 

Bailie of the regality of Kirriemuir, charging him to poind and 
apprise the goods of the Laird of Unuchie for a debt due by him 
to his cousin the Laird of Haltoun. Edinburgh, 2Sth October 1580, 236 

222. Dame Jean Lyon, afterwards Countess of Angus, to her father-in-law, 

the Laird of Lochleven, intimating that she had been warned by her 
uncle to receive her money at Martinmas following, but that she 
could not assure the Laird that he might expect the same from her, 
for she had been under warning ever since her father's death ; 
expressing her willingness that the Laird should take into his own 
hands the Mains of Auchterhouse, that so she might have what was 
her own instead ; adding that her son was in good health. Undated, 237 

-23. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to William Douglas, Laird of Loch- 
leven, intimating that after long discussion on the matter in dispute 
between the Laird of Covington and Mr. John Sharp, it had been 


agreed that the former should subscribe an obligation for the latter's 
surety, which his Lordship enclosed to the Laird for his signature, as 
a cautioner along with the Earl, and praying him to return it again 

to the latter. Edinburgh, 6th June 1583, 237 

224. Dame Margaret Leslie, Countess of Angus, to Sir David Wemyss of 
"Wemyss, intimating that she had been summoned to appear before 
the Commissaries on the 28th instant, and requesting him, as one of 
her special friends, to accompany her thither, with as many of his 
own friends as the shortness of the warning would permit ; also that 
Sir David and his son would be in Edinburgh on the Tuesday follow- 
ing, to defend her honour, life, land, and goods, and that he might 
assist her with his counsel, in which he would have no dishonour, as 
she was innocent. Dysart, 23d December 1586, 238 

225. Sir "William Douglas of Glenbervie, afterwards ninth Earl of Angus, to 

Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, intimating that the brieve for 
serving him (Sir William) as heir of the earldom of Angus was to be 
served in Edinburgh on the 6th of February following, and requesting 
Sir John, as he cared for the welfare of that house and name, to 
repair thither a day or two before that date, that he (Sir William) 
might have the benefit of his counsel regarding the proper mode of 
procedure beforehand ; and further requesting that he would procure 
an extract of the sasine of the last deceased Earl of Angus in his 
lands in Forfarshire. Edinburgh, 7th January 1588, 239 

226. George, sixth Earl of Huntly, to Sir David Wemyss of Wemyss, 

intimating to him that the 5th and 6th of February following had 
been fixed for serving Sir William Douglas in the lands of Angus and 
Morton, and reqiiesting that Sir David would be in Edinburgh on the 
4th to accompany the Earl to the service, and assist him with his 
counsel. Holyroodhouse, 31st January 1588, 240 

227. Receipt granted by Dame Jean Lyon, Countess of Angus, for four writs 

in her possession, viz., a tack of the teinds of Elistoun, and another 
of the teinds of Aberdour; a letter of reversion of the lands of 
Grangemuir and Woodfield, and another of the lands of Langtoun. 
Edinburgh, 20th March 1588, 240 



228. William, ninth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 

announcing his intention to hold a Regality Court at Kirriemuir on 
the 8th of July following, and requesting that Sir John would 
advertise the inhabitants of that town to make provision both in 
wine and ale and other things for two or three days at least ; and 
that he would also warn the whole tenantry to attend the Kegality 
Court on that day, bringing with them their last infeftments held of 
the Earls of Angus, for examination and consideration, Glenbervy, 
Uth June 1589, 241 

229. William, ninth Earl of Angus, to Thomas, fifth Lord Boyd, promising 

to send his servants of Douglas and his friends in Clydesdale to 
Grugar to attend Lord Boyd's Court, to be held there on the 10th 
of the month, in accordance with his request, notwithstanding the 
relationship that subsisted between himself and the Laird of Knock- 
dolian, in order that the country might know that their friendship 
was joined in the old manner. Edinburgh, 2d August 1590, 2-12 

230. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to Sir James Johnstone of Dunskellie, 

acknowledging receipt of a letter from the latter complaining that 
some of the Johnstones had lately been guilty of fire-raising at 
Middlegill, and had also slain young Mungo of Lockerbie, of which 
before his Lordship had been altogether ignorant ; and requesting 
that Sir James would not use any rigour either in burning or slaying 
until the Earl had seen his Majesty on the subject, after which such 
punishment as his Majesty thought expedient would be inflicted on 
the ofi'enders; adding that he wished Middlegill to meet him at 
Dalkeith to make his complaint, and requesting a list of the chief 
marauders. Douglas, 12th September, area 1592, 243 

231. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 

requesting the latter to proclaim and hold a Court of Bailiery for 
trying before his Lordship's Justice of Kirriemuir a case of non- 
entry of the lands of Gagie, which had been held in abeyance since 
the decease of the last Earl of Angus. Castle of Douglas, 20th 

January 1592, 244 




232. William, tenth Earl of Angits, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 

intimating that he had been required to produce before his Majesty 
and Council, in the month following, his claims and titles whereby he 
claimed honours and places in Parliaments and General Councils, and 
requesting Sir John, as a special friend, to be in Edinburgh on the 
day before, to accompany him and to assist him with his counsel, 
along with his Lordship's other friends. Douglas, 12th January 1601, 244- 

233. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 

requesting the latter to attend upon his Lordship during the sitting 
of the Parliament which had been summoned for the 10th of April 
following. Edinburgh, 15th March 1604, 245 

234. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 

intimating that he intended shortly to have a conference Avith his 
tenants of Kirriemuir regarding the liberty of their burgh, and that 
he would spend a night with Sir John on his way, either in going 
or returning. Edinburgh, 31st March 1606, 246 

235. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to his brother-in-law, William Forbes of 

Monymusk, expressing regret at the Marquis of Huntly's misusage 
of the latter, with reference to his dispute with the Laird of Clunie 
regarding the bailiery of regality of his lands claimed by Clunie; 
suggesting that the Laird of Glenbervie should be engaged to arrange 
with Clunie for a new translation of that bailiery to Monymusk and 
his heirs ; expressing regret that he could not himself then come to 
Scotland to be helpful to him in that matter ; and referring to the 
murder of the King of France by Ravaillac, and the accession of 
Louis XIII. to the throne. Paris, loth June 1610, 246 

236. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to [address wanting], requesting his 

correspondent and his Lordship's cousin Spott to show" his Majesty 
some documents enclosed, and to entreat him to remember the good 
service the name of Douglas had done for the liberty of Scotland in 
times past, and the blood which had been prodigally spent in the just 
quarrels of his Majesty's predecessors ; also desiring him to acquaint 
the Earl of Northampton therewith, whom his Lordship had known 
at Berwick. [No date], 247 



237. William, eleventh Karl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 

sent by Laurence Oliphant his servant, to receive from Sir John the 
pistols promised to his Lordship at their last meeting ; and requesting 
that he would give the said Laurence information respecting the 
"gowne" [gun] that Sir Archibald Douglas had from the Laird of 
Logic that was his Lordship's. Tantallon, 1st April 1612, 24:8 

238. William, eleventh Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 

referring to the charge given by the town of Forfar to the inhabitants 
of his Lordship's burgh of Kirriemuir to desist from all trade and 
traflBc of markets, wares and sellings, etc., as not being a free burgh, 
intimating his intention to defend the said action, and that he had 
instructed Mr. William Oliphant to answer for his said burgh ; also 
desires that Sir John would inform the Laird of Logie-Wishart that 
his Lordship had registered him at the horn for not paying him his 
money according to promise. Douglas, 21st May Uirca 1G22], 248 

239. Sir George Auchinleck, Lord Balmanno, to [address wanting], relative 

to the claim of William, eleventh Earl of Angus, to the lands of 
Auchinleck, wherein he states that he was present at a consultation 
with his Lordship and his advocates, and that there was found a con- 
tract or copy of an indenture passed between Archibald Douglas ot 
Glenbervie, his Lordship's grandfather, and son to Elizabeth Auchinleck, 
on the one part, and Boswell of Auchinleck on the other, wherein the 
said Archibald renounced, for himself and his heirs, all right to those 
lands of Auchinleck ; that the advocates thought, if this contract 
were extant, it would debar his Lordship from any claim to these 
lands, and they advised his Lordship either to serve himself heir to 
Ehzabeth, or to Sir William Douglas of Braidwood, knight, her spouse, 
who was infeft therein by Mr. John Auchinleck, uncle of the said 
Elizabeth ; the writer supposes that the Boswells brooked these lands 
either by recognition or non-entry ; and states that it would be a great 
pleasure to him to see his Lordship enjoy that living. [Circa 1627], 240 

240. William, Marquis of Douglas, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 

sending him a decreet of removing against the Laird of Fintrie, 
as succeeding in room of the deceased David Douglas, for the arrears 



of rent due by the said deceased David for the lands belonging to the 
said Marquis, possessed by him for the past thirteen or fourteen 
years, and of which he had seized both the duties owing by his Lord- 
ship's taxmen, and the duties since his own occupation of the lands. 
Edinburgh, 8th April 1642, 250 

241. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie, acknowledg- 

ing a letter from the latter, requesting the Marquis to send all his 
observations on the errors in the book uhich Anna Home was to 
cause to be printed, and stating that although he had delivered to the 
Laird sundry in writing, he could not so suddenly send them all, nor 
could he get the true copy so timeously printed ; adding that he was 
willing to pay a part but not the whole expense, and to let Anna 
have the benefit of a true copy, but not to pay the whole, as his son 
and other friends had more interest in the matter than himself, in 
respect of his old age ; adding that he had got a charge from the 
Chancellor to pay £40 of annuity within six days. Douglas, 25th 
January 1644, 252 

242. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie, intimating 

that since he had seen him certain circumstances had occurred, respect- 
ing which he was to express himself to some particular friends, and 
requesting the Laird, as one of the most special of these, to come to 
Douglas on the Tuesday following, and stating that he would send 
the Marchioness's hackney horse to Edinburgh for him on Monday, 
entreating that none might know that he was coming at the Marquis's 
instigation. Douglas, 20th January 1644, 252 

243. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie, intimatino- 

that he had sent his servant to Mr. Laurence Oliphant respecting his 
Lordship's valuations, in order to settle the account of his part of the 
annuity ; and had also sent to the Laird the Marchioness's " paissit 
naig," to convey him to his Lordship as soon as possible after receipt 
of his letter. Douglas, 3d February 1644, 253 

244. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie, thanking him 

for news, and stating that he had received the same news from Sir 



William, with this addition, that *' our people had taken one Colonel 
Branlie and five foot colours," etc. Douglas, 25th February 1644,... 25:3 

245. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie, intimating 

that he had written for Mr. Drummond to come and speak with him 
concerning the history of the Douglas family, and requesting the 
Laird to deliver another letter to him, and urge him to expedite his 
visit. Douglas, 10th March 1644, 254 

246. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie, desiring his 

advice with reference to a request by the Laird of Inverquharity for 
a tack of the customs of Kirriemuir, which his Lordship had delayed 
to answer till he should have Gaigie's opinion thereanent ; and fur- 
ther desiring that he would dispose of the business between the Laird 
of Fintrie and his Lordship, which had been remitted to him, as 
speedily as possible. Douglas, 17th March 1644, 254 

247. WUliam, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie, acknow- 

ledging the receipt of news from him, and of a copy of the answer of 
the Governor of Newcastle's letter to Argyll and Sir William's army, 
adding that it was reported at Douglas that Lord Lanark had escaped, 
and was coming down by sea. 17th [ ] 1644, 255 

248. Wilham, first Marquis of Douglas, to John, Earl of Wemyss, intimating 

his satisfaction at finding his son, the Earl of Angus, had placed 
his aff"ections on a young lady, Lord Wemyss's grandchild, and that 
both his Lordship and the lady's parents were inclined to accept of 
the Earl's suit ; expressing his special gi-atification at the prospect of 
the alliance with tlie Wemyss family. Douglas, 30th March 1649, 255 

249. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie, expressing 

surprise that the latter, knowing that the Marquis had been so long 
in St. Johnston (Perth), had not paid him a visit, and desiring that 
he would now do so immediately, as he wished to speak with him 
on important business. Perth, 6th September 1650, 256 

250. Archibald, Earl of Angus, eldest son of William, first Marquis of 

Douglas, to the Laird of Gutlirie, expressing his disappointment that, 



owing to the miscarriage of a letter, the LairJ had not come to 
Dundee to see him ; requesting that if he had finished his Lordship's 
business with Lady Kinghorn or Claverhouse, he would send him 
word as soon as possible ; and desiring him to attend upon his 
Lordship at Perth on the approaching occasion of the Kind's 
coronation, and to bring him as much money as possible, in gold. 
Dundee, 11th December 1650, 256 

251. Archibald, Earl of Angus, eldest son of Vvllliam, first Marquis of 

Douglas, to the Laird of Guthrie, intimating his intention to wait 
upon his Majesty at his coronation on 1st January following, and 
entreating the Laird to accompany him on that occasion. Perth, 
19th December 1650, 257 

252. Archibald, Earl of Angus, eldest son of "William, first Marquis of 

Douglas, to the Laird of Guthrie, expressing his persuasion that his 
own letters and his sister's to the Laird had miscarried, as the latter had 
not been to visit them at Dundee ; stating that they wished to consult 
him in some things concerning his sister in the prospect of her goin» 
over seas ; entreating that if he would not go so far to see a " creple 
man," he would at least write to him respecting the business which 
had been so long delayed, that his Lordship might be at his " wit's 
end" thereanent. Dundee, 25th February [1651], 258 

253. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Guthrie, intimating that, 

having been called to Dundee on account of his child having measles, 
he found a process between two skippers depending before the 
Admiralty Court, and that having sent to the Magistrates for the use 
of their Tolbooth to hold his Court therein, they courteously granted 
the same, only protesting that it should not be prejudicial to their 
own right of admiralty, as admirals-depute for the Duke of Lennox ; 
but finding that the summons ran in their name, he had resolved to 
alter the terms of it, and transfer the cause to St. Johnston, and not 
to acknowledge the right of the ^Magistrates till he saw evidence for 
the same ; and requesting that the Laird would send him his opinion 
relative to the admiralty of the Mearns. Dundee, 9th April [1651], 258 



254. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Guthrie, referring to a dis- 

agreement between tlie latter and Ogilvy of Inverquharity, and 
intimating that he had sent an account thereof to Lord Airlie and to 
Lord Ogilvy, Tnver(|uharity's Colonel, who, he trusted, would not 
permit the use of such language in any officers commanding under 
him ; and that if these noblemen did nob resent the business as they 
should, he himself would make a representation on the subject to his 
Majesty ; he refers, in a postscript, to Pitscotty and Colonel Dalziel 
being appointed ]\Lajors-General of foot, and to the approaching 
marriage of his cousin Jane Lindsay to Lord Torphichen, etc. Perth, 
10th May 1651, 259 

255. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Guthrie, expressing 

his deep regret on account of the attack made by certain troopers upon 
the house of Guthrie, and intimating that he had spoken to Lord 
Hume on the subject, Avho had sent orders to Colonel Hume to secure 
all who were concerned in it till they Avere brought to condign punish- 
ment ; adding that he had also written to his son Angus and Lord 
Mordingtou, who were at Stirling. Perth, 2 2d May 1651, 260 

256. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Guthrie (enclosing a letter 

from the Marquis of Douglas and one from Lord Hume), expressing 
his grief at hearing of the attack made on Guthrie House ; explaining 
how he had missed the Laird's brother-in-law, who had been sent to 
Stirling to inform him thereof ; and requesting that the Laird would 
send him word by the bearer whether the depredators had been all 
captured, and Avhat course should be taken in regard to their trial, etc. 
Perth, 25th May 1651, 261 

257. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Edzell, Sheriff of Forfarshire, 

who had received a commission to apprehend and examine the 
troopers who had attacked Guthrie House, intimating that the Laird 
of Guthrie was his Lordship's special friend, and entreating that he 
would take more than ordinary pains in searching out all who might 
be suspected of being concerned therein. Perth, 27th May [1651], 262 

-58. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Guthrie, desiring that as soou 
as the bearer came to him he would let his Lordship know whether 



he wished him to come to Guthrie, or to bring a more ample commis- 
sion with him for executing justice on the depredators ; mentioning 
also that he had written to tlie Laird of Edzell on the subject. 
Perth, 27th May [1651], 262 

259. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Guthrie, intimating that he 

was to remain in Dundee another week, and inviting the Laird to 
visit him there for a day or two during the sitting of the General 
Assembly, to see his cousin, the Rev. Mr. Guthrie of Stirling, who 
was to be before the Assembly. Dundee, 26th July [1651], 263 

260. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Guthrie, expressing his satis- 

faction Avith the Laird's attention to his Lordship's business, and his 
desire to see him in Edinburgh, as he intended some wakening of the 
process between himself and Claverhouse. Holyroodhouse, 5th July 
(no year), 263 

261. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Guthrie, returning a book he 

had in loan from the latter, expressing regret at having to return it 
so soon, and his hope of again getting it back for a few days, as he 
had not had time to get full satisfaction from it ; also referring to 
several matters of business. Tantallon Castle (no date), 264 

262. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, express- 

ins: his orratification at learning that the latter was well satisfied with 
the last proclamations, and stating that the King his master should 
be informed of his (Sir John's) resolution to adhere thereto ; adding 
that he himself felt assured that his Majesty would fully secure and 
ratify whatever he had thus declared to the country ; and praying 
that God would remove the general distrust felt by too many as to 
their Prince's performances of his promises. Tantallon, 2 2d January 
(no year), 265 

263. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to David, second Earl of Wemyss, expressing 

his happiness that the latter had some hopes still of his titty (sister) 
Mary's recovery, and his intention of seeing his Lordship in a few 
days ; also sending to his Lordship Gleneagles's ward, which he had 
beside him. Holyroodhouse, 11th September [cfmt 1653], 265 



iiG4. Archibald, Earl of Angus, to his brother-in-law, James, fourth Duke of 
Lennox, intimating that George Hamilton, brother uterine of the 
latter, being destitute of the means of livelihood in this country, 
was resolved to go abroad; expressing his regret that he himself 
was unable to assist him, in consequence of Lord Abercorn's mis- 
fortune, as besides that all his lands were now sold, his Lordship was 
a loser for his kindness to him of £5000 or £6000 sterling ; and 
entreating his Grace to countenance his said brother George, as 
nature and the virtuous inclination of the young man well deserved. 
Holyroodhouse, April 1654, 266 

2G5. Lady Wemyss, Countess-Dowager of Angus, to her father, David, second 
Earl of Wemyss, vindicating herself from the unjust allegations of 
the Laird of Bogie, founded on a mistaken view regarding some papers 
which her Ladyship had desired his Lordship and him to subscribe, 
two of which documents had been advised by Sir Thomas Nicolson 
before his death (in view of an agreement between Lady Alexander 
and her) ; as, if such agreement were made, her Ladyship's children 
would not require tutors ; adding that neither his Lordship nor her 
Ladyship's other friends could subscribe such a document after her 
Ladyship's marriage, because then it would make them tutors, etc. etc. 
Canongate, 7th July 1659, 'I^C 

266. Lady Jean Wemyss, Countess-Dowager of Angus, to Mr. William 

Douglas, advocate, expressing surprise that the latter had sent her a 
document bearing her name throughout as tutrix to her son Archibald, 
and taking burden for him, and relating to an agreement, as if her 
Ladyship durst take upon her to make an agreement to her son's 
prejudice ; declining to sign any deed which would give her son a 
ground of quarrel against her, especially now, when others and not 
herself were to be his tutors ; but expressing her willingness to sub- 
scribe the bond drawn up for her and marked with her own hand, 
with only the time of her keeping her children changed therein, etc. 
Canongate, 8th November 1659, 268 

267. William Douglas, Duke of Hamilton, to Mr. William Douglas, advocate, 

requesting him to give to the bearer the loan of the Tree of the family 



of Douglas, in order that his Grace might give Mr. Douglas his 
observations on some parts of it which he believed to be incorrect. 
Hamilton, l-ith September 1671, 269 

268. William, third Earl of Lothian, to the Earl of Eoxburghe, intimating 

that the Marquis of Douglas was seeking, through the Privy Council, 
to obtain a seat in the new church of Jedburgh, an unusual mode of 
procedure in the first instance when there had been no riot nor con- 
test ; adding that the Marquis had not much property, and no resi- 
dence, within the parish, and that the house of Fernihirst, for "divers 
ages," held the principal place in that church, as the aisle, which was 
half of the last church, testified ; that the new church had been built 
by his Lordship's son, whose property the ground was ; and express- 
ing a hope that Lord Eoxburghe would have regard to the interest 
of Lord Jedburgh and his (Lord Lothian's) son in disposing of the 
matter, which had been deputed to him by the Council. Newbattle, 
20th March 1672, 270 

269. Lady Jean Wemyss, sometime Countess of Angus, now Countess of 

Sutherland, to John, Earl of Eothes, Chancellor of Scotland, com- 
plaining of the injustice threatened to her son, Archibald, Earl of 
Forfar, by her father's resolution to disinherit him of his right to 
succeed him, failing her Ladyship's sister and the heirs of her body ; 
complaining also that her enemies had alienated from her her father's 
afi'ections, as shown by a letter enclosed in her Ladyship's, her answer 
to which she also enclosed to his Lordship, that, if he approved 
thereof, he might forward it to her father. Edinburgh, 25th 
November 1672, 271 

270. Archibald Douglas, Earl of Forfar, to David, second Earl of "Wemyss, 

his grandfather, complaining of the estrangement between the latter 
and Lady Jean "Wemyss, his Lordship's mother, which had led to the 
exclusion of Lady Jean and himself from their place as heirs of entail 
in the destination of the "Wemyss estates ; and stating his resolution 
that unless his Lordship restored him to his place after his aunt, 
Lady Margaret, and her heirs, he would seek his fortune in a foreign 
land rather than be an eye-witness to such an affront at home, for he 



could live like a gentleman anywhere on the estate provided to him 
by his father ; at the same time expressing a hope that Lady Mar- 
garet might, in a few years, be the mother of so many brave sons and 
daughters as would render his request a matter of mere complaint. 
Edinburgh, 5th December 1672, 272 

271. Lady Margaret Douglas, sister of the second Marquis of Douglas, and 

wife of Alexander, Viscount of Kingston, to the Laiid of Blackwood, 
remonstrating against the latter for having counselled the INIarquis to 
take an unjust and dishonourable course in raising a summons against 
her Ladyship's mother, and publishing untruths therein, overstating 
the amount of her jointure, and shamelessly seeking to take from her 
that in which the Marquis himself was bound to maintain her, both 
as heir to his father, and as having ratified her rights long after his 
majority; and entering into full details respecting the settlements of 
the first Marquis of Douglas her grandfather. Inch, 24th July 1674, 273 

272. James, second Marquis of Douglas, to his factor, the Laird of Black- 

wood, requesting him to send out by the carrier some cloth which 
should have gone to Lintalee, but which was fitter to hang in the 
hall of Douglas than the sad-coloured cloth ; referring to the death 
of George, brother to the Earl of Mar, and asking the Laird to order 
a plain suit of black clothes for him, with a pair of " wide headed 
black worset stockings;" also to send as many gilded leather skins as 
■would mount the hangings of the hall. Douglas, 3d July 1676, 276 

273. Lady Barbara Erskine, Marchioness of Douglas, to her husband, James, 

second Marquis of Douglas, complaining of his estrangement from 
her, craving pardon for any just cause of offence she might have given 
him, and promising to make it her study to please him in future ; 
but remonstrating with him for retaining in his service or company 
persons who talked so much to the prejudice of his honour and hers, 
and begging for a favourable answer to her letter. Edinburgh, 
December 1676, • 2</ 

274. Barbara, Marchioness of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood, in reply 

to a letter from him, stating that she would be glad to see him at 


Douglas within the week, otherwise she would be gone ere he came ; 
and begging that he would send her " black morallay table for a 
petticoat, and 3 ells of holland at 40s. the ell," these being the last 
things she would ever ask from him. Douglas, 21st March 1681, ... 278 

275. James, second Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood, wherein 

he mentions that his young carriage-horse had dropped down dead, 
and that everybody said the animal had been " witched ;" asks the 
Laird's opinion regarding the purchase of another carriage-horse, and 
whether he would Avrite to Mr. Abernethie to buy a carriage in 
London, as the Marquis did not think that one carriage would serve 
both his son and himself. Edinburgh, 12th April 1687, 279 

276. James, second Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood, 

acknowledging letters from the latter, and returning one from Mr. 
Abernethie which he had sent unnecessarily, and enclosing two which 
he had received from London, stating that he expected letters from 
Lord Dumbarton by every post ; requesting the Laird to send him 
some good hunting dogs ; and adding that his son intended to give 
the Laird a token of his kindness. Edinburgli, 2Gth April 1G87, ... 280 

277. James, second Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood, enclos- 

ing a letter from Mr. Abernethie, showing that the King and the 
Earl of Melfort were at length satisfied of the justness of his Grace's 
desire ; referring to the birth of a son and heir to Lord Dumbarton, 
of which his Grace was glad on the Duke of Hamilton's account, as 
the latter would have been too rich had he been Lord Dumbarton's 
heir ; adding that he had received the hunting dogs sent, etc. Edin- 
burgh, 2d May 1687, 281 

278. James, second Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood, re- 

questing that he would send in John Brodie, his coachman, as he 
had bought a carriage horse which would exactly suit the horse that 
was at Douglas. Edinburgh, 9th May 1687, 282 

279. James, Earl of Angus, son of the second Marquis, to the Laird of 

Blackwood, expressing gratification that the Marquis his father 
was well pleased with what his Lordship had done respecting his 




governor, and requesting that the Laird would send up the gentle- 
man he had spoken of by the time the Earl returned from Tunbridge ; 
and enclosing a letter from Sir William Douglas, whose advice his 
Lordship took in everything he did. London, 7th August 1<)S8, ... 


280. James, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Blackwood, expressing his 

pleasure that the Marquis his father had selected for his tutor a ]\Ir. 
Dickson, for whom the writer himself had an esteem, and of whom 
every one that knew him spoke well ; mentioning that the Duke of 
Hamilton had written warning him not to engage as tutor another 
gentleman who had applied for the appointment ; and adding that 
he was about to leave Loudon for Tunbridge. London, 12th August 
1688, 283 

281. James, Earl of Angus, to the Laird of Blackwood, intimating that he 

had Avritten fully to the Marquis his father as to the expediency of 
his going abroad in the following spring — a course of which all his 
friends in London highly approved as being most advantageous for 
himself; and stating that if on his return home, after travelling for a 
year or two, his father allowed him £200 or £300 to make a figure 
with in London for a few months, he would thereby be much more 
likely to gain a fortune [by marriage] than by living privately as 
he was then doing, etc. London, 26th December 1689, 284 

282. Lady Jane Mackenzie, Countess of John, fourth Earl of Mar, to James, 

second Marquis of Douglas, intimating that his Lordship's commands 
had been obeyed with reference to the funeral of her daughter, the 
Marchioness of Douglas, for it was a " night burial," and suitable to 
her quality, and that the expenses amounted only to £1038, 10s. 
Scots, which her Ladyship expected the Marquis would promptly 
pay along with what was due of her annuity at the time of her 
death, etc. Muchall, 18th August 1690, 285 

283. Mary Ker, second wife of James, Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of 

Blackwood, factor to the Marquis, intimating that she had seen a 
letter from the hitter to his master which had filled her with anxiety 
respecting the position of her husband's affairs, regretting more 


especially that so much of the pecuniary difficulty appeared in the 
accounts of the preceding two or three years ; expressing her wish 
that he had remarked on any of the more imprudent items in these 
accounts, that they might have been avoided in future ; adding that 
both her Lord and herself would gladly take his advice respecting 
retrenchment from the very stable to the hall, both within and without 
doors, etc. Douglas, 28th November 1695, 286 

284. James, second Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood, sent 

by his footman, requesting to know by a line from him, the Laird, 
with the bearer, how his Grace's business went at Edinburgh ; adding 
tliat he still believed him to be his friend, whatever ill-disposed people 
might say to the contrary, and would always be extremely glad to 
have his advice. Douglas, 22d December 1698, 287 

285. James, second Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood, re- 

ferring to misrepresentations made against the latter to the friends 
of the Marquis as well as to himself, and expressing his expectation 
that his friends would soon be completely proof against the same as 
the writer himself was ; yet still reflecting upon the indiscretion of 
the Laird in having given up his testament to any person Avhatever 
without his special permission, and desiring that he would recover 
the same and send it, or a copy of it, to his Grace ; adding that a new 
nomination must be made of three or four trusty friends, as some of 
those who were before named were not now friends, and asking 
the Laird's advice as to the nomination of tutors, and his entail and 
settlement of his estate. Douglas, February 1699, 288 

286. James, second Marquis of Douglas, to James, second Duke of Queens- 

berry, reminding the latter that he (the Marquis) had signed the 
commission of Samuel Douglas as his factor with the greatest reluct- 
ance, and on the understanding that he should be removed at the 
"Whitsunday following ; as, however, there seemed no prospect of 
this, he wrote to inform the Duke that he would take measures to 
prevent any one from being either bailie or chamberlain of Douglas 
who did not please himself and those he named, etc. Douglas, 26th 
May 1G99, 288 




287. Kobina [Lockhart], Countess-Dowager of Forfar, to Andrew Fletcher, 

Lord Justice-Clerk, recommending to Ids Lordship's favourable con- 
sideration a nephew of the deceased Principal Hamilton, and younger 
brother to the Laird of Airdrie, with a view to his being .preferred 
to a chaplaincy which had become vacant by his uncle's death, etc 
Both well Castle, 20th November 1732, [ 289 

288. James, second Duke of Athole, to the Duke of Douglas, expressing his 

sympathy and condolence with the latter on account of what h^had 
suffered at the hands of the rebels, and his extreme concern that any 
one of his o^vn family had been so instrumental in the perpetration 
of these outrages; and begging that that person's bad beiiaviour and 
ill-treatment of his Grace might not break the friendship which he 
himself would ever endeavour to cultivate with his Grace; adding 
that the Duke [of Cumberland] had just arrived, and expressing a 
hope that his presence and conduct might soon put an end to such 
an unnatural rebellion. [Circa 17^5], ogQ 


289. Count Marc Antonio d'Agazano to William, eleventh Earl of Angus, 

afterwards first Marquis of Douglas, intimating that he had written 
to his brother in Italy to send him the tree of their family, with a 
view to transmit it to his Lordship, and expressing a hope that his 
Lordship would honour him in return with the tree of his family, that 
he might add it to his own, for which he would hold himself' under 
a perpetual obligation to his Lordship. Paris, 6th July 1620, 291 

290. Count Marc Antonio d'Agazano to William, eleventh Earl of Angus, 

sending, according to his promise made to the latter when they met 
in Orleans, the tree of the family of the Scoti of Piacenza, descended 
from the illustrious house of Douglas, and expressing a hope that the 
Earl would, in return, honour him with the tree of the house of 
Douglas in Scotland, or at least that part of it which had escaped 



destruction in the desolating wars which had been carried on in that 
kingdom ; adding that the arms of the Scoti in Piacenza were the 
same as the ancient arms of Douglas, as might be seen in the church 
of Santo Lorenzo in that city, and that the differences were first 
introduced into the arms of the Scoti during the contentions between 
the Guelphs and Ghibellines in Italy, etc. Paris, 8th May 1622, ... 292 
291. Signor Leonardo Crema to William, eleventh Earl of Angus, enclosing 
a letter to his Lordship from Count Marc Antonio d'Agazano, which 
he intended to have delivered personally, along with the genealogy 
of the said Count, but having been robbed on his passage from 
France, he had sent the Count's letter and family tree by Mr. Gray, 
a Scotch gentleman who courteously undertook to deliver them; 
adding that he and a cousin of his, a famous chess-player, who was 
desirous to visit Scotland, would, if it pleased his Lordship, pay him 
a visit, and amuse him and his friends with that delightful game, etc. 

London, 28th June 1622, .!.....'. . 294 

292. Marc Antonio, Count d'Agazano to William, eleventh Earl of Angus, 
introducing to his Lordship Lord Giovanni Camillo Zaccagni, a 
young Roman nobleman, a dear friend of the Count, and distinguished 
for his intimate acquaintance with the antiquities of Rome, from 
whose conversation the Count trusted his Lordship would derive 
satisfaction. Pozolo, 30th December 1624, 296 

293. Marc Antonio, Count d'Agazano to William, eleventh Earl of Angus, 

expressing regret that he was unable to remain in Rome to se'rve' 
his Lordship during his intended visit to that city; thanking the 
latter for his kindness shown to Signor Ludovico Abbati, who had 
also informed him (the Count) of his Lordship's desire to have some 
light as to the origin of his family when they came with the Emperor 
Charlemagne; in reply to which he states that his ancestor was 
designed William, Earl of Douglas, and that for fuller information he 
would send his Lordship the Chronicle of Piacenza, compiled by 
the Bishop of Bagnarea. Pozolo, 30th December 1624, 097 

294. William, eleventh Earl of Angus, to Marc Antonio d'Agazano, in 

reply to the two preceding letters from the latter, wherein he states 


that although he had very full information respecting the history of 
his house, he was desirous, for his greater satisfoction, to see the 
Chronicle of Piacenza, in which he understood particular mention was 
made of it ; informs the Count that he is then busy getting his 
genealogy prepared, though from the want of materials, only to be 
found in Scotland, it would not have the clearness that was desirable • 
and adds that he had found in his friend, the Signor Giovanni Camillo 
Zacchagni, all those qualities and merits which the Count had re- 
presented the latter to possess, etc. Rome, 2d January 1625, 298 

295. Signor Ferdinando Scotto to Monsieur Douglas, acknowledging receipt 
of a letter from the latter at Bresse, and mentioning that" he had 
recalled their affair to the recollection of the General, who stated 
that he had sent the heads of agreement to Venice for the considera- 
tion of the Senate, but had received no answer, which led him to 
believe that the Republic did not then intend to make the new 
levies; further, that the General's advice was that he (Monsieur 
Douglas) could not do better than go to Paris and join the Venetian 
ambassador at the Court of his Majesty there, as in that way the 
affair would be more vigorously presented, and that he himself would 
use all diligence with the General with a view to the settlement 

thereof. Bresse, 14th January 1626, 299 

296. Ottavio Scotto, Count d'Agazano, to William, eleventh Earl of Angus, 
expressing his gratification at receiving a letter from the Earl^ as 
showing that he still retained a place in his memory for him who was 
his most affectionate and devoted kinsman, and whose person and 
property would always be at his Lordship's disposal; mentioning 
that his brother, the Count Marc Antonio, had received the tree of 
the Douglas family, sent by his Lordship, at his residence at the 
Maggio del St. David, and that it was most excellent; and con- 
cluding by wishing that the Earl might obtain from the Lord 
whatever he might wish. Lodi, 28th January 1626, 301 

297. Otto Frederic Cumein, Conte di Buchann, to William, eleventh Earl of 
Angus, in reply to a letter from the Earl, wherein he expresses his 
extreme gratification at being honoured with his Lordship's corre- 



spondence, refers to the fact of his ancestors having perfonned 
brave deeds in Scotland, and mentions as news that the Pope had 
paid off all his soldiers except 1000, who were under five captains, 
that works were in progress round the Castle of San Angelo to raise 
the parapet and surround it with the waters of the Tiber, which would 
cost the Pope a million, that twelve Cardinals, whom he names, had 
just been created, and that at Palermo there Avas great mortality 
from the plague. Rome, Gth February 162G, 302 

298. Monsieur Douglas to Signor Ferdinand Scotto, thanking him for the 

trouble he had taken in connection with his Lordship's application 
for employment under the Venetian Republic, and desiring that, as 
the Republic had not decided to accept his services, Signor Ferdinand 
would not insist further in the matter unless he saw a strong proba- 
bility of their accepting his offer, etc. Paris, 16th !March 1G26, 305 

299. Signor Piergentile Tranquilli to AVilliam, eleventh Earl of Angus, 

inviting his Lordship and his sons to his house if any of them should 
think of coming to Italy. The letter is sent by Mr. Bannatine, who 
was returning to Scotland by Perugia. Perugia, 20th April 1G2G,... 307 

300. Otto Frederic, Conte di Buchan, to William, eleventh Earl of Angus, 

wherein he mentions that, after having defended publicly before the 
Sacred College of Cardinals certain conclusions from the whole range 
of theology, which were dedicated to his Imperial ]\fajesty, he had 
accepted the office of Chamberlain to the Pope, to Avhich he had been 
recommended by the Emperor : He offers his services to the Earl in 
whatever he could be useful to him. Rome, 18th September 1627, 308 




301. William, Lord of Douglas, to King Edward the Third of England, com- 

plaining of invasions of Eskdale by Sir liobert Tuyllyoll and Sir 
Thomas Lucy during truce, and requiring redress of injuries com- 
mitted by them. [Xovember 1357], 311 

302. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to the English Privy Council, notifying the 

despatch by him of letters and papal brieves to Margaret, Queen of 
Scotland, and Gavin Douglas, Bishop-elect of Dunkeld, that the 
messengers had been captured at Moffat by Sir Alexander Jardine, 
and that on receiving the letters the Duke of Albany, Governor of 
Scotland, had warded Gavin Douglas, and also John, Lord Drummond, 
captain of Stirling Castle, for striking a herald, with other informa- 
tion about Scottish affairs. Carlisle, 14th July 1515, 313 

303. The Same to the Same, narrating the siege of Margaret, Queen of 

Scotland, in Stirling Castle, the attempted rescue by George Douglas 
of Pittendriech, the defection from Albany, and flight of Lord Home, 
and other events in Scotland. Navvorth, 4th August 1515, 316 

304. Bond between Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, James, Earl of Arran, 

and Alexander, Lord Home, agreeing to unite to get the young King 
James the Fifth, and his brother. Prince Alexander, out of the hands 
of John, Duke of Albany. Coldstream, 15th October 1515, 318 

305. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to Cardinal Wolsey, regarding the movements of 

Clarencieux, herald, sent from the English to the Scottish Court, 
and negotiations with the Scots ; also that he had spread abroad 
threats of war by England on the expiration of the truce. A herald 
had arrived from France with the order of St. Michael for the 
Duke of Albany. The Earl of Angus had been sent for by the Duke 
but refused to go to him. Naworth, 17th April [1517], 318 



306. John, Duke of Albany, to Cardinal AVolsey, in reference to the mission 

of Clarencieux. He desires the continuance of peace on the Borders, 
and welcomes the measures for that effect taken by England. He 
will not, however, change his style as Governor of Scotland, as it is 
required by his position, and the honour due to his king. He had 
given permission to the Earl of Angus to return to his wife, the 
Queen of Scotland, and had dealt with him to do so. Edinburgh, 
nth December 1521, 320 

307. Sir x\ntony Ughtred, Governor of Berwick, to Cardinal Wolsey, relating 

the capture of the Earl of Angus's castle of Tantallon, by the Duke 
of Albany, and that in consequence of the proximity of the Scottish 
army to Berwick, he had increased his garrison ; also in reference to 
repairs required upon the fortification. Berwick, 21st January [1522], 323 

308. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, expressing 

gratitude for the king's goodwill towards him, and relating his endea- 
vours to escape from France. The Duke of Albany only desires peace 
because he can get no further support from France. He recommends 
his brother to the protection of the king, as he has incurred Albany's 
displeasure. Paris, 8th May 1524, 324 

309. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to Cardinal Wolsey, sending reply letters from 

Margaret, Queen of Scotland, and that a letter from the King of 
England to King James the Fifth had been delivered by Patrick 
Sinclair ; also in reference to the arrangements for the assumption 
of the government by the young King James the Fifth, and the 
arrival of the Earl of Angus. Morpeth, 17th July [1524], 327 

310. Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, to Cardinal Wolsey, acknowledging the re- 

ceipt of letters, and in reference to the elevation of the King of Scots. 
The queen is jealous of the interference of her husband, the Earl of 
An "lis, hence he should be detained for a time in Northumberland. 
[19th July 1524], 

311. Agreement between Archibald, si.xth Earl of Angus, and Cardinal 

"Wolsey, whereby the former promises to su|tport the Government of 
Kinf' James the Fifth against the Duke of Albany, and French inter- 




vention in general, to foster amity with England, to preserve peace 
on the Borders, to attempt reconciliation with his wife, Margaret, 
Queen of Scotland, and James, Earl of Arran, and to give friendly 
assistance to the English king, if required thereto, and allowed by 
the King of Scots, all at the advice and counsel of the English 
Government, in return for which he is promised, in case of defeat, 
refuge and entertainment for himself and friends in England. The 
agreement is subscribed by the Earl of Angus, and his brother, 
George Douglas of Pittendriech, 4th October 1524, 330 

312. Thomas Magnus and Eoger Radcliff, to Cardinal Wolsey, in reference 

to the success of their mission to Scotland. They had presented the 
horses from his Majesty to his nephew, King James the Fifth. The 
queen had resiled from her promises of reconciliation with Angus, and 
was ruled by Harry Stewart. She had commanded AVilliam Douglas 
to leave Coldingham, and prohibited the Earl of Angus from riding 
with more than forty horses in his company. 3d November 1524,... 336 

313. Sir Christopher Dacre to Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, expressing dis- 

appointment at the non-appearance of the Earl on the Borders, and re- 
questing him to fix another day for the business. 2d February [1525], 339 

314. Patrick Sinclair to Cardinal Wolsey, narrating his arrival in Scotland, 

and that he had found King James in the care of the Earl of Angus 
and other lords ; that he had remonstrated with the king on certain 
vices, and also with the Earl of Angus on his abuse of authority ; 
also respecting negotiations for peace, and the proposed divorce of 
Queen Margaret from the Earl of Angus. 21st October [152G], ... 

315. The Same to the Same, in reference to affiiirs in Scotland — that the 

queen was now with her son, and Angus had assented to the return 
to Court of the Archbishop of St. Andrews ; that the queen, instead 
of remo'ving Harry Stewart from her Council, was entirely guided by 
him, and had given him the castle of Stirling. 3d January [1527], 

316. Declaration by Friar Andrew Cairns, minister of the Order of Obser- 

vantines in Scotland, that he had been employed by Archibald, sixth 





Earl of Angus, to convey letters desiring reconciliation to King 
James the Fifth ; also the king's answer thereto, with further reply 
from the Earl of Angus, [November 1528], 344 

317. ^Ir, Thomas ^lagnus to Mr. Adam Otterburn, requesting him to use his 

efforts to procure the reconciliation of King James the Fifth and the 
Earl of Angus, as a matter atfecting the honour of both their sove- 
reigns. 2d December [l.")28], 346 

318. Steven Gardiner to Cardinal Wolsey, respecting the annuity to be paid 

to the Earl of Angus, and the arrangements for the Earl's proposed 
interview with King Henry the Eighth. Barnet, 1 2th August [1529], 347 

319. King James the Fifth of Scotland to King Henry the Eighth of Eng- 

land, respecting his efforts to keep peace on the Borders during King 
Henry's absence, notwithstanding the inroads made by the English 
and the Douglases, and entreating King Henry to cause justice and 
reparation to be made. Edinburgh, 20th November 1532, 348 

320. Sir Brian Tuke to Mr. Thomas Cromwell, Secretary of State, in refer- 

ence to the payment of the annuity of the Earl of Angus, and 
requesting more certain intimation of the king's mind therein. 
Havering, 26th May 1534, 350 

321. Margaret, Queen of Scotland, to her brother, King Henry the Eighth 

of England, that she had heard of his intention to punish rigorously 
her daughter, Lady Margaret Douglas, for promising to marry Lord 
Thomas Howard without his consent, and requesting him to pardon 
her daughter's fault, and, if he pleased, to send her to Scotland. 
Perth, 12th August 1536, 351 

322. The Same to the Same, that King James, her son, has arrested the 

pronouncing of the sentence of divorce between her and Henry, 
Lord Methven, lest she should go to England and marry the Earl of 
Angus ; that she was in great trouble through the withholding of 
her jointure, and was suspected of friendship to England ; and 
entreating King Henry to interpose with King James on her behalf. 
Dundee, 16th October [1537], 351 









Instructions by King Henry tlie Eighth to Sir lialph Sadler, his 
ambassador in Scotland, in regard to the inaction of the assured 
Scottish lords, with whom lie was to conf.^r, to remind them of their 
engagements, and to reply to their objections; further, to impress them 
with the necessity of securing the Governor Arran, and especially of 
possessing themselves of the principal strongholds in Scotland ; also 
informing him of the proceedings of the Scottish ambassadors at 
London in reference to the proposed marriage of the infant Mary 
Queen of Scots, with Prince Edward of AVales, and the peace; and 
instructing him to deal specially with the Governor Arran St 
James's, 2-tth April 1543, ^.^ 

The Privy Council of England to the Same, acknowledging receipt of 
his accounts of the results of the former instructions, and directin- 
him further how to deal with the assured Scottish lords, who were 
to be stirred up to action, to prevent the removal of the infant queen 
from Linlithgow, and to acquire possession of the strongholds ; also 
to deal with Cardinal Beaton to leave the friendship of France,' even 
if he thereby lost his bishopric there, as he would receive a better 
one in recompence for it in England. [1st May 1543], 3G1 

Sir George Douglas of Pittendriech to King Henry the Eighth, acknow- 
ledging the king's kindness and oifering his services. North Berwick 
20th June 1544, ' ^^^ 

Articles of Agreement between James, Duke of Chatelherault, his sou 
James, Earl of Arran, Archibald, Earl of Angus, and James, Earl of 
Morton, in reference to the earldoms of Angus and lAIorton ; the 
Hamiltons obliging themselves to renounce all claim to Morton in 
favour of the Earl of .Morton and his heirs, and promising that if they 
happened to come to the Crown they should make re-grants and con- 
firmations of these earldoms to the respective Earls and their heirs 
Edinburgh, 30th May 1560, 3g- 

Elizabeth, Queen of England, to John, Earl of Mar, Regent of Scot- 
land, congratulating him on his election as regent, and assuring him 
that she has no intention to further the restoration of Queen Mary, 


especially as slie has found her engaged in plots against her own 
throne : requesting him also to favour the house of Lennox and 
the interests of Lady Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox, and to 
punish severely the participators in the murder of the late Kegent 
Lennox. Richmond, 2d October 1571, 368 

328. Lady Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox, to John, Earl of Mar, 

Regent of Scotland, thanking him for his friendship to the house of 
Lennox, and recommending to his care the settlement of certain debts 
of the late regent to servants and others, as her husband's own means 
had been all " willingly consumed in the kingis service." Hackney, 
4th October 1571, 369 

329. The Same to the Same, requesting him to obtain from Lord Semple 

some falcons and send them to Berwdck for her. 15th October 1571, 370 

330. Elizabeth, Queen of England, to the Same, thanking him for his good 

inclination to further the interests of the Countess of Lennox, and 
desiring his favour for the late regent's brother, the Bishop of 
Caithness, that he may still enjoy the Priory of St. Andrews. 
Greenwich, November 1571, 371 

331. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir Francis "Walsingham, principal 

secretary to Queen Elizabeth, acknowledging the good offices of the 
latter with the queen on his account, requesting the continuance of 
the same, and stating that he will await at Carlisle the intimation of 
her majesty's pleasure. Carlisle, 1 7th June 1581, 372 

332. Letters by King .James the Sixth authorising "William, Lord Ruthven, 

Lord Treasurer of Scotland, to uplift the profits from the ]\Iains of 
Tantallon which belonged to Archibald, Earl of Angus, now forfeited, 
to realise the same and apply the money for the repair of the artillery 
in the castles of Edinburgh, Stirling, Dumbarton, and Blackness. 
Dalkeith, 12th August 1581, 372 

333. Elizabeth, Queen of England, to Lords John and Claude Hamilton, 

thanking them for the expressions of their willingness to be recon- 
ciled to the Earls of Angus and j\Iar, and pressing them to the 



accomplisliment of the same, so that unitedly they may the better 
serve the king, their sovereign, who, she liopes, will soon restore them 
to favour. Hampton Court, 10th October 15 84, 373 

334. The Earls of Huntly, Angus, and Errol, and the Laird of Auchindoun, 

to the Provost and Magistrates of Aberdeen, requiring them to 
release three gentlemen who had come from foreign kingdoms to 
intercede with King James the Sixth on their behalf, and whom the 
magistrates had arrested on disembarking at Aberdeen. HaWng 
failed to obtain their release by fair means, the writers now present 
their ultimatum, threatening to burn the town and put the citizens 
to the sword in case of further refusal. 19th July 1594, 374 

335. King James the Sixth to the Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of 

Scotland, narrating that while in Aberdeen in the time of "William, 
ninth Earl of Angus, two thousand marks Scots had been borrowed 
from that town, for repayment of which that Earl had become 
security ; that on account thereof the tenth and eleventh Earls of 
Angus had been repeatedly pursued for the money, and as often had 
the prosecution been stayed by the royal inhibition ; and seeing that 
the town was now in pressing need of the money for the building of 
their tolbooth and harbour, and that it was truly his own debt, the 
king authorises the chancellor to pay the said sum and receive 
discharge thereof. Whitehall, 5th May 1612, 375 

336. King Charles the First to Sir George Hay, Chancellor of Scotland, to 

renew the two commissions for keeping order on the Borders granted 
by his father, and to add the name of A^'ilIiam, Earl of Angus, to that 
granted to the Earls of Xithsdale, Buccleuch, and Annandale, and 
Lord Yester. Salisbury, 2 2d October 1625, 376 

337. The Same to John Spottiswood, Archbishop of St. Andrews, Chancellor 

of Scotland, and the Lords of Council and Session, to show as much 
favour as "justice can admitt " to the claim of John, Earl of Lauder- 
dale, to the lands of Braidwood, which had been resigned by the 


Earl of Angus in the hands of King James the Sixth, and granted 
by him to John, Lord Thirlstane, then Lord Chancellor. St. James's, 
13th May 1637, 377 

338, The Same to Archibald, Lord Angus, eldest son of William, first Marquis 

of Douglas, encouraging him in his course of loyalty, and requiring 
him to attend the meeting of Council at Dalkeith, on 6th June next, 
for instructions and commands from James, ^Marquis of Hamilton, 
the King's Commissioner. Whitehall, 25th May 1G38, 377 

339. The Same to John, Earl of Loudoun, Chancellor of Scotland, and the 

Privy Council of that kingdom, informing them that he had formerly 
granted powers to Colonel Lord James Douglas to raise one thousand 
men in Scotland to recruit his Scots regiment in France, and as it 
had not yet been fully done he authorises them to grant warrant for 
his levying five liundred men from Scotland for that regiment. 
York, 25th June 1642, 378 

340, William, Duke of Hamilton, William, Viscount Drumlanrig, James, 

Earl of Annandale, and William, Lord Mordington, as curators of 
James, second Marquis of Douglas, to John, Earl of Lauderdale, 
requesting him to deal with the king respecting the Abbot's house 
and precinct of Holyrood House, which, purchased from the deceased 
James Lindsay of the Bedchamber by the Marquis's father and 
restored by him at much expense, was now in danger of being lost 
to the family through the Act restoring Church property. They 
desire him to represent the matter to the king, and to obtain either 
that the house might remain with the Marquis, or that the money 
expended on it might be restored, c. June 1662, 379 

341. King Charles the Second to the Commissioners of the Scottish 

Treasury, that he had granted a precept of £1000 sterling in respect 
of the house at Holyrood now belonging to the Dean of Edinburgh, 
and authorising them to pay the annualrent of that sum, yearly, to 
Jean, Lady Strathnaver, widow of Archibald, Lord Angus, White- 
hall, 3d March 1668, 380 


342. George Douglas, Earl of Dumbarton, to William, Duke of Queensberry, 

thanking him for his favour in aiding him in the acquisition of Salton, 
and requesting the continuance of the same till all the formalities 
were observed. The Earl has placed Salton House at the service of 
the Duke's son, the Earl of Drumlanrig, and his lady. He has 
shown Major Whyte's memorial respecting the Castle of Edinburgh 
to the king. As a " Scots Laird " he presents his compliments to 
his sister. Loudon, 16th January 168 G, 381 

343. King William the Third to William, Duke of Hamilton, president, and 

remanent lords of the Privy Council, authorising them to relieve the 
four companies of Lord Angus' regiment in Fort William, and the 
two companies in Drummond Castle, that they might join the rest of 
the regiment. Kensington, 5th December 1690, 381 

344. James, Earl of Angus, to his father, James, second Marquis of Douglas, 

that he had written several times requesting advice as to his future 
conduct, but having received no reply, doubtless through miscarriage 
of the letters, he had written to Lord Drumlanrig and the ]\raster of 
Stair to consult with other Scottish nobles of his kindred at Court, 
and advise what he should do. He had been injuriously animad- 
verted upon for continuing at his studies while his regiment was 
actively engaged in the field, and was persuaded that if he did so 
longer it would be to his perpetual dishonour. He had also missed 
valuable opportunities of promotion. The king had indeed inter- 
vened for his protection, but had said he would not hinder his going 
into action next year, which was equivalent to a royal command. 
Lieutenant-General Douglas had threatened to come then and pull 
him from Utrecht to the camp. Having regard to his illustrious 
predecessors he feels the world's contempt of him not unmerited, and 
with respect to the pecuniary straits of the family, he thinks assist- 
ance would be obtained from the king. He entreats his father's 
permission, therefore, to join his regiment. Utrecht, January 1692. 
This letter is accompanied by the draft of another relating the death 
of Lord Angus in his first battle, 382 



345. Archibald, Duke of Douglas, to Andrew Fletcher, Lord Milton, that a 

Jacobite and his servant on their wtiy to the Pretender's army with 
letters, had been apprehended at Moffat, and brought before him, 
and that he was sending the prisoners to his lordship; also asking 
instructions what to do in other similar cases, Douglas Castle, 10th 
November 1745, 386 

346. The Same to the Same, acknowledging courtesies, and requesting him to 

make his compliments to Prince William. When the Duke came to 
Edinburgh he would go thither to kiss his hands, and also personally 
to thank his lordship for all his favours. Douglas Castle, 8th March, 
1746, 387 

347. The Same to the Same, desiring his friendship for Mr. Thomas "Whyte, 

son to Stockbriggs, who had been presented by the king to the church 
of Liberton. He regretted not intercepting Lady Milton and her 
company when near Douglas Castle, and entertaining them there. 
Douglas Castle, 5th January 1752, 387 

348. Lady Jane Douglas to the Same, requesting a short interview with 

him at Lady !Mary Hamilton's house in Edinburgh. Gth September 
1753, 388 



1. Letter by King Edward the First, that William of Douglas shall 
deliver up Hugh of Aberuethy to the King's Officers. Berwick-ou- 
Tweed, 28th June [1291].^ 

Rex et superior dominus Scotia venerabili in Christo patri A[lano] eadem gratia 
Catanensi episcopo, Cancellario Scotie, salutem. Cum secundum legem et 
consuetudinem regni Scotie, nullus baro vel alius de eodem regno prisonam habeat 
in qua felonern de felonia extra baroniam suani facta rectatum, et propter hoc 
extra eandem baroniam captum, detinere possit aut debcat, nisi rex ejusdem regni 
tantum, ut accepimus ; et dilectus et fidelis noster "Wilelmus de Duglas, Hugonem 
de Abernithy rectatum de niorte Duncani quondam comitis de Fyf, extra baroniam 
ejusdem AVilelmi interfecti, et propter hoc extra eandem baroniam captum, in 
prisona sua detineat, ut dicitur. Yobis mandamus quod per literas sigillo regimini 
predict! regni Scotie deputato signatas, prefato Wilelmo detis in mandatis quod 
predictum Hugonem, dilecto et fideli nostro "Wilelmo de Sancto Claro reddat et 
liberet, prisone nostre mancipandum, prout ei injunximus et prefato Wilelmo de 
Sancto Claro per aliam literam similiter detis in mandatis, quod in propria persona 
sua ad prefatum Wilelmum de Duglas accedat, et ipsum ex parte nostra moneat et 
injungat eidera, C{uod predictum Hugonem ei reddat et liberet prisone nostre 
mancipandum, sicut predictum est. In cujus, etc. 

Teste [Eege apud Berewyk super Tued, xxviii die Junii]. 

Translation of the preceding Letter. 

The King and overlord of Scotland, to the venerable father in Christ, Alan, by 
the same grace, Bishop of Caithness, Chancellor of Scotland, greeting. WTiereas, 
according to the law and custom of the kingdom of Scotland, no baron or other 

^ Rotuli Scotise, vol. L p. 2. 

of the said kingdom, save the king of the same only, as we uudersland, may have 
a prison in which he may or uught to detain a felon accused of crime done beyond 
the bounds of his barony, and taken without the same for such crime; and our 
beloved and faithful William of Douglas detains, it is said, in his own prison, Hugh 
of Abernethy, accused of the death of Duncan, sometime Earl of Fife, slain without 
the barony of the said William, and [which Hugh was] taken for the same beyond 
the said barony : We command you that by letters signed with the seal 
appointed for the government of the foresaid kingdom of Scotland, you give in 
charge to the said William, that he shall render and deliver the foresaid Hugh 
to oui- beloved and faithful William of Saint Clair, to be confined in our prison, 
as we have enjoined him ; and that likewise you give in charge to the said 
William of Saint Clair, by another letter, that he shall, in person, go to the said 
William of Douglas, and on our behalf warn and enjoin him that he shall upgive 
and deliver the said Hugh to be confined in our prison as said is. 
Attested by the King, at Eerwick-on-Tweed, 28th June [1291]. 

2. Letter by The Same, directed against William of Douglas for injuries 
done to the Monks of Melrose. Berwick-on-Tweed, 3d July [1291].^ 

Rex et superior dominus Scotie venerabili patri in Christo A[lano] eadem gratia 
episcopo Catanensi, Cancellario Scotie, salutem. Mandamus vobis quod sub 
sigillo communi regimini Scotie deputato ex parte custodum regni Scotie sub 
nobis constitutorum, vicecomiti et balliWs suis de Lanark detis districtius in 
mandatis, ut secundum legem et consuetudinem regni Scotie, summoneri fjiciant 
Wilelmum de Duglas militem, quod sit coram nobis apud Berewyk super Twedam, 
in crastino festi Sancti Petri ad vincula. proximo futuri, ad respondendum nobis 
super contemptu mandati nostri sibi nuper directi, et abbati et conventui de 
Melros super injuriis, dampnis, et gravaminibus eis per ipsum illatis, ut dicunt. 
Et quod iidem vicecomes et balliui sui dicto Wilelmo districte et firmiter inhi- 
beant ex parte nostra, ne dictis abbati et conventui, hominibus, rebus, et catallis 
suis interim inferat, vel a suis inferri permittat injuriam, molestiam, dampnum, 
aliquod aut gravamen. In cujus, etc. 

Teste Eege apud Berewyk super Twed, iij° die Julij. 

^ Rotuli Scotia.*, vol. I p. 2. 



The King and overlord of Scotland, to the ven^^rable father in Christ, Alan by 
the same grace, Bishop of Caithness, Chancellor of Scotland, greeting. We com- 
man<l you that under the common seal appointed for the govcrnment^'of Scotland 
on the part of the Wardens of the kingdom of Scotland, constituted under us ye' 
give strictly m charge to the Sheriff and his bailies of Lanark, that, according 
to the law and custom of the kingdom of Scotland, they cause William of Dourda^ 
knight, to be summoned to appear before us at Berwick-on-Tweed on the moiTow 
of the feast of St. Peter ad vincula next to come, to aiiswer to us for contempt of 
our mandate recently addressed to him, and to the abbot and convent of lilelrose 
regarding injuries, damage, and grievances done by him to them, as they alle<'e • 
And that the same Sheritf and his bailies shall, on our behalf, straitly and sur'ely 
inhibit the said William that in the meantime he shall not inflict, nor allow to 
to inflicted, on the said abbot and convent, their men, goods, and chattels, any 
injury, hurt, damage, or grievance whatever. 

Attested- by the King, at Berwick-on-Tweed, 3d July [1291]. 

3. Letter by The S.^e for restoring to William of Douglas his lands in 
Scotland. Berwick-on-Tweed, 30th August [1296].i 
Rex vicecomiti de Fyf, salutem. Licet nuper precepimus quod terre et tenementa 
bona et catalla Wilelmi Duglas, infra regnum Scotie, in manum nostram caperentur 
et salvo custodirentur, donee aliud inde precepimus. Volentes tamen eidem 
Wilelmo gratiam facere specialem, tibi precipimus quod eidem Wilelmo, terras et 
tenementa, bona et catalla sua predicta, ea occasione in manum nostram capta 
unacum inde receptis, sine dilatione restitui faciatis, salvia nobis sumptibus et 
misis nostns, m dictis terris et tenementis appositis. 

Teste Eege, apud Berewyk super Twedam, xxx die Augusti. 


The King to the Sheriff of Fife, greeting. Although we lately commanded that 

the lands and tenements, goods and chattels, of William Douglas within the 

kingdom of Scotland, should be taken into our hands and safely kept until we 

should order othenvise thereupon, yet desiring to do a special grace to the .said 

' Rotuli Scotine, vol. i. p. 24. 

William, we command you that ye cause to be restored, without delay, to tin? 
said "William, the foresaid lands and holdings, goods and chattels, taht^n into our 
hands on that occasion, along with the receipts thereof, reserving our expenses 
and taxes imposed on the said lands and holdings. 

Attested by the King, at Ber\vick-on-T\veed, 30th August [1296].^ 

4. Letter by King Edward the Third, restoring to Sir James Douglas 
the lands in England forfeited from his father. Eltham, 12th May 

Eex omnibus ad quos, etc., salutem. Sciatis quod de gratia nostra speciali, 
dedimus, concessimus, et reddidimus nobili viro Jacobo Douglas militi, manerium 
de Faudon cum pertinentiis, in comitatu Northumbriae, et omnes alias terras, et 
tenementa, et redditus quae "Willielmus Douglas pater suus habuit in regno Anglite, 
et quae occasione guerroe, inter dominum Edwardum quondam regem Angliai avum 
nostrum et tunc regem Scotiae, motae, in manum ipsius avi nostri tanquam sibi 
forisfacta, capta fuerunt et sic ad manus nostras devonerunt : Habenda et tenenda 
eidem Jacobo et haeredibus suis, de nobis et aliis capitalibus dominis feodorum 
illorum, per eadem servitia, per quae eadem manerium, terrae, tenementa et redditus 
tenebantur, antequam ad manus dicti avi nostri sic devenerunt. In cujus, etc. 
Teste Eege apud Eltham, xii die Maii. 


The King to all to whom [these letters may come], greeting. Know ye that 
of our special favour we have given, granted, and restored to a'noble man, James 
Douglas, knight, the manor of Faudon, with the pertinents, in the county of 
Northumberland, and all other lauds and holdings and rents which William 
Douglas his father possessed in the kingdom of England, and which at the time 
of the war carried on between the Lord Edward, some time King of England, our 
grandfather, and the then King of Scotland, were taken into the hand of our 
said grandfother as forfeited to him, and so came to our hands : To be held and 
possessed by the said James and his heirs, of us and other principal lords of those 

^ The next entry states that similar letters were directed, on behalf of the same Wdliam, 
to the Sheriffs of Dumfries, Wigton, Berwick, Ayr, and Edinburgh. 
2 Rymer's Fcedera, vol. ii. p. 762. 


fees, by tlie same service by which the said manor, lands, tenements, and rents 
were held before they came to the hands of our said grandfather. 
Attested by the King at Eltham, 12th May [1329].^ 

5. Letter by Kjng Edw.uid the Third, granting to Sir James of Douglas, 

safe-conduct towards the Holy Land with the heart of Bruce. 
Gloucester, 1st September [1329].^ 

Rex vicecomitibus, majoribus, constabulariis castrorum, ministris, et omnibus 
ballivis, et fidelibus suis tam infra libertates quam extra, ad quos, etc., salutem. 
Sciatis quod cum nobilis vir Jacobus dominus de Douglas in Scotia, versus Terrani 
Sanctam in auxilium Christianorum contra Saracenos, cum corde domini Eoberti 
regis Scotiae nuper defuncti sit profecturus ; nos ipsum Jacobum et homines suos 
in comitiva sua existentes, in protectionem et defensionem nostram specialem 
suscepimus, etc., pro farmnla ejiismodl literarvm. 

In cujus, etc., per septennium duraturas. 

Teste Rege, apud Gloucester, primo die Septembris. 


The King to the sheriffs, mayors, constables of castles, ministers, and all bailiffs, 
and his faithful subjects, within and without the liberties [of the realm], etc., 
greeting. Know ye that, as a noble man, James, Lord of Douglas in Scotland, is 
about to set forth towards the Holy Land, to the aid of the Christians against the 
Saracens, with the heort of Lord Robert, King of Scotland, lately deceased ; we 
have taken the said James and his men who are in his company under our special 
protection and guardianship, etc., ... to endure for seven years. 

Attested by the King, at Gloucester, 1st September [1329]. 

6. Letter, King Edward the Third to Alfonso, King of Castile, 

recommending Sir James of Douglas to his good offices. Gloucester, 
1st September [1329].^ 

Magnifico principi domino Alfonso, Dei gracia Castelle, Legionis, Toleti, Galicie, 
Sibilie, Cordubie, ]Murcie, Gienne atque Algarbie Regi, ac comitatus ]\Iolini domino, 
consanguineo suo carissimo, Edwardus etc. salutem, et successus ad vota prcsperos 

^ Immediately following this letter is an entry, stating that the Sheriff of Northumberland 
was commanded to deliver over the manor cf Faiulon and others within his bailiory to 
James of Douglas. 2 Rymer's Fcedera, vol. ii. p. 770. 3 /j,-j/ p yyj 

et felices. Cum nobilis vir Jacobus Douglas de Scocia accensus amore Crucifixi, 
versus Terram Sanctatn, in auxilium Christianorum contra Saracenos, sit profec- 
turus ; Serenitati vestrse duximus supplicandura quatinus eundem Jacobum, res, 
et familiam, intuitu tarn pii propositi, oportunis favoribus juxta regalem mansue- 
tudinem preveniri, et a subditis vestris, si per loca vestra predicta transire 
contigerit, ibidem morando et exinde redeundo, favorabiliter pertractari, salvum 
et securum conductum eidem fieri vestra precipiat, si placet, regia celsitudo. 
Datum apud Gloucester, primo die Septembris. 

To the magnificent prince, Lord Alfonso, l)y the grace of God, King of Castille, 
Leon, Toledo, Galicia, Seville, Cordova, ^Murcia, Jaen, and Algarve, and lord of the 
county of Molina, his dearest cousin, Edward, etc., greeting, and prosperous and 
happy success to his desires. Whereas a noble man, James Douglas of Scotland, 
burning -with love of the Crucified, is about to set forth towards the Holy Land, 
to the aid of the Christians against the Saracens, we have thought good to pray 
your Serenity, to the end that the said James, his affairs and household, in view 
of a purpose so pious, may meet with seasonable favours according to royal 
courtesy, and be well treated by your subjects if he happen to pass through your 
foresaid territories, while abiding there and thence returning, that your royal 
highness would command a sure and safe conduct to be made for him, if it please 
you. Given at Gloucester, 1st September [1329]. 

7. Letter by King Edward the Third, granting to Archibald of Douglas, 
afterwards third Earl, a safe-conduct for a ship trading to Ireland. 
Westminster, 18th June [1.3G0].i 

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Wilelmo de Wyndesore, locum suum tenenti in terra 
nostra Hibcrnite, necnon universis et singulis admirallis, vicecomitibus, majoribus, 
ballivis, custodibus portuum et aliorum locorum maritimorum, ac quibuscunque aliis 
ministris et fidelibus suis, tam in partibus transmarinis quam cismarinis, ad quos, 
etc., salutem. Sciatis quod cum Archebaldus de Douglas miles de Scotia mittat 
quandam navem suam, cum certis marinariis in eadem, de Scotia ad partes 
Hibernian et Anglia% ])ro victualibus et aliis necessariis ad opus ipsius Archebaldi 
ibidem emendis, nos, ad specialem rogatum ipsius Archebaldi, volentes pro securi- 

1 Rotuli ScotijE. vol i. p. 932. 


tate iiavis et marinariorum preJictorum proviilere, suscepimus navem et marinarios 
predictos, ac res, et bona sua quecunque, veniendo ad easdem partes Hiberiiiai et 
Anglire, ibidem morando, marcandisando, victualia emendo, et exinde ad propria 
redeundo, in salvum et securum conductum nostrum, neenon in protectionem et 
defensionem nostras speciales. Et ideo vobis mandamus quod eidem navi aut 
marinariis predictis, veniendo ad easdem partes Hibernian et Angliae, ibidem 
morando, mercandisando, victualia emendo et exinde ad propria redeundo ut 
predictum est, non inferatis seu quantum in vobis est ab aliis inferri permittatis 
injuriam, molestiam, dampnum, violentiam, impedimentum aliquod, seu gravamen et 
si quid eis forisfactum vel injuriatum fuerit, id eis sine dilatione faciatis emendari ; 
dum tamen bene et honeste se gerant et custumas et alia devoria inde debita 
nobis solvant fideliter ut debebunt. In cujus, etc., per uuum annum duraturas. 
Teste Eege apud Westmonasterium, xviij die Junij. Per ipsum regem. 


The Iving to his beloved and faithful William of Wyndesore, his lieutenant 
in our land of Ireland, also to all and singular admirals, sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, 
wardens of ports and of other sea-coast places, and to others whomsoever his 
faithful subjects and servants, on this and on that side of the sea, to whom [these 
present letters shall come], greeting. Know ye that as Archibald of Douglas, 
knight, of Scotland, will send a certain ship of his own, with certain sailors in the 
same, from Scotland to the parts of Ireland and England, there to purchase 
victuals and other necessaries for the use of the said Archibald, we, at the special 
request of the said Archibald, desiring to provide for the safety of the foresaid 
ship and mariners, have taken them, their goods and gear Avhatsoever, into 
our safe and sure conduct, and under our special protection and ward, while 
coming to the said parts of Ireland and England, abiding there, trading, buying 
victual, and thence returning to their own land. And so we command you, that 
upon the said ship and mariners, while coming to the said parts of Ireland and 
England, abiding there, trading, bu)ing victual, and thence returning to theii- 
own land as said is, ye neither inflict, nor, so far as in you lies, permit others to 
inflict any injury, hurt, damage, violence, hindrance, or grievance whatever ; and 
if any forfeit or injury be done to them, ye shall cause it to be amended without 
delay, as long as they bear themselves well and honourably, and fiiithfully pay the 
customs and other dues to us as they ought. To endure for one j'ear. 

Attested by the King, at Westminster, 18th June [1309]. 


8, Letter by King Edward the Third, granting to William, first Earl of 
Douglas, licence to buy malt in Norfolk and ship it to Scotland. 
Westminster, IGth June [1375].^ 

Rex universis et singulis admirallis, capitaneis, castellanis, et eorura loca tenentibus, 
custumariis, custodibus portuum maris et aliorum locorum maritimorum, 
vicecomitibus, majoribus, ballivis, ministris et aliis fidelibus et subditis nostris, tam 
per terram quam per mare constitutis, ad quos, etc., salutem. Sciatis quod 
licentiam dedimus comiti de Douglas de Scotia, quod ipse per Johannem Yonge 
servientem suum, quingenta quarteria brasei in comitatu Norfolcise emere et 
providere et ea in quocumque portu infra comitatum predictum, quo sibi placuerit 
in navibus carcare, et versus partes Scotie ducere possit. Et ideo vobis mandamus 
quod, ipsum Johannem dicta quingenta quarteria brasei in quocunque portu infra 
eundem comitatum quo sibi placuerit, in navibus carcare et exinde usque Scotiam, 
solutis prius custumis, subsidiis, et aliis nobis inde debitis, libere et absque 
impedimento aliquo traducere permittatis, quibuscumque proclamationibus, 
ordinationibus sen mandatis in contrarium factis, non obstantibus. In cujus, etc. 
Teste Rege apud Westmonasterium, xvj die Junii. 


The King to all and singular admirals, captains, castellans, and their lieutenants, 
collectors of customs, wardens of sea-ports, and of other sea-coast places, sheriffs, 
mayors, bailiffs, servants, and others faithful, and our subjects, appointed on sea 
and land, to ^vhom [these present letters shall come], greeting. Know ye that 
we have given licence to the Earl of Douglas of Scotland, that he, by his servant 
John Yonge, may buy and provide five hundred quarters of malt in the county of 
Norfolk, and may lade ships ^vith the same in any port of the said county he 
pleases, and carry- it towards Scotland. And so we command you, that you 
permit the said John to lade ships in any port he pleases within the said county, 
with the said five hundred quarters of malt, and thence to transport the same 
to Scotland, freely and without any hindrance, the customs, subsidies, and other 
dues to us being first paid, notwithstanding any proclamations, ordinances, or 
mandates whatever made to the contrary. 

Attested by the King, at Westminster, 16th June [1375]. 

^ Rotuli Scotiffi, vol L p. 969. 


9. King Henry Fourth of Exgi^ind to Archibald, fourth Earl of 
Douglas, in answer, appointing Commissioners to ratify peace made at 
Kemelspeth. Westminster, 27th February [1401].^ 

IIONURE Sire, — Xous auons receuz voz lettres escrites a Edebredesheles le primer 
iour de cast present mois de Feuerer par les queles signifiez nous auez entre autres 
coment le seszisrae iour de May darein [passez] a Kemelespethe, estoit acordez 
parentre notre treschier cousin le conte de Northumbre et vous, que certeines 
trieues se rendroient par terre et par meer, parentre les deux Koiaumes et leur 
alliez, a comencer a la feste de Seint [Martin] darein passez en yuerne et a 
durer par vn an lors prochein ensuant, sil plerroit a nous et a notre conseil d'une 
part et a nostra aduersaire d'Escoce et a son conseil d'autre part, sur certificacions 
ent affaire parentre le dit conte et vous, en la feste de la natiuitee de Seint Johan 
la Baptiste darein passez, au fin que grandz commissairs daussent auoir assemblez 
pur treter sur pece ou longas trieues parentre les deux Roiaumes. Et coment 
notre dit cousin en la dite feste de Seint Johan vous certifia, par ses lettres desouz 
son seal, qil plust bien a nous at a notre conseil que les dites trieues se tiandroient. 
et durerant par le dit an de la dite feste de Seint Martin. Par quoi le iour da 
I'assemblee des grandz commissairs se tenoit lundy en quinsze iours apres la feste 
de Seint Michel darein passez. Au quel iour, a ce que voz dites lettres purportent. 
par la ou vous disoites au dit conte, en reherceant coment les dites trieues serroient 
[] faurent] prises pur vn an, en la manare susdite come sa lettra de certificacion 
sur ce faite tesraoigna. Et combien (jue vous vous oti'ristes de faira tenir, et garder, 
et parforniir mesmes les trieues en touz pointz, et de faire redresse estre fait [des] 
attemptatz par terra at par meer, pur tout le Roiauma d'Escoce; siqua nulla 
defaute ne serroit trouez de votre coustee, come an voz dites lettres est contenuz. 
Xientmains vous vous compleignez grandement de notre dit cousin, en 
surmettant a lui que les dites trieues sont erapeschez, et fiiillcz entierement an son 
defaute, et contra I'effect de ses dites lettres da certificacion. Sur quoi requys 
nous auaz que nous vorriens enuoier certeins noz commissairs de grand estat as 
marches, eiantz da nous poair d'oier. declarer, et amender cielx defautes. Et vous 
procureraz que nostra dit aduersaire enuoiera as marches, commissairs de parail 
estat pur faire semblablament. D'ont vous desirez estre certifiez par le porteur 
de voz dites lettres. Si vuillez sauoir qua veues et entendues mesmas voz lettres, 
nous fismas venir a notre presence I'onurable piera en diau, I'euesque de Bangor, et 

' Original in British Museum. 


le dit conte, et auxi noz tres chiers et foiaux cousins Ic conte cle "Westmerland et 
le Sieur de Grey, Gerard Heron Chiualer, et Joliah Cursoun, Esquier, pur nous ent 
pleinement enformer. Si que par bone examinacion par nous faite en celle partie, 
nous sunies certainement a])ris, que notre dit cousin le Conte de Xorthumbre a le 
dit darein assemblee apres la Seint Michel, riens ne fesoit sinon de conum auys et 
assent des dites persones a lui associez come noz conimissair?, lour conformantz a 
I'instruction pur nous a eux ent donez. Et qant a ce que vuus affevmoz. que le 
dit Conte ad fait contre I'effect de ses dites lettres de certificacion a vous 
enuoiees come desus ; Sachez que nous auons veue la copie de celles lettres de 
certificacion de notre voloir et entencion, toucliant les dites trieues a estre tenuz 
par vn an, come auant est dit, ouec ciele clause : — Parensi que mesmes les trieues 
feussent affermez tenuz et gardez selont la forme nature et effect d'icelles : — de la 
quele condicion ou clause adioustee en les dites lettres de notre cousin susdit, vous 
n'auez fait nulle mencion en voz dites lettres a nous enuoiees. dont nous esraerueillons. 
Et voirs est, a ce que aucuns de noz ditz messages nous ont [certainement] enformez. 
que qant ils firent reliercer a vous et as autres grandz comrnissairs de votre costee, 
certeins pointz comprises en les trieues prises et acordees parentre notre tres chier 
cousin Sire Eichard, nadqueres lioy d'Engleterre, et son aduersaire de France 
pur eux et pur lour alliez, et par especial touchant les metes et boundes des 
Cliastelx et les jurisdiccions d'icelx, a estre declarez pur meillour conseruacion 
de mesmes les trieues, as queux trieues les dites endentures faites a Kelsowe 
fesoient relacion, et quant ils demanderent de vous si celles pointz entre autres 
comprises en mesmes les trieues deussent estre tenuz, et gardez, et auxi si vous 
voudriez proceder a la declaracion de mesmes les pointz, tantost il feust responduz 
de votre part et chescun point deniez, en refusant de ce iaire que purroit auoir este 
le seure conseruacion de celles trieues. Et par la ou ce non obstant mez ditz 
commissairs vous ofrirent d'auoir accordez sur certeines trieues pur auoir este 
tenuz simplement, et sans aucune condicion ou declaration, tanque au certein 
temps apres la Xoel lors prochein auenir, au fin t[ueles commissairs d'une part et 
d'autre purroient auoir fait report a lour scignurs, si lour plerruit acorder a aucun 
autre iour ou a plus longes trieues. Xepurquant vous ne vousistis a ce en nulle 
manere accorder et [1 finalement] departistes, sanz plus traitcs ouec noz commissairs 
desusditz, come par inspeccion d'un publik instrument eut fait nous etiens aussi 
clerement enformez. Et deinz brief temps apres qils teurent en retourfnant] 
pardeuers nous, vous chiv[auclier . . .] en votre propre persone furciblement 
arraiez a feure de guerre, oue baner ou penou desplaie, a nostre ville de Bam- 


bourghe et grande partie cle mesme la ville, et autres lieux la enuiren[nants, arder] 
come dit est Si que vous comenceastes en votre persone la guerre, come vn des 
Gardeins des Marclus d'Escoce, auant que iiotre dit cousin ou aucun autre des 
Gardeins de noz Marches vers Escoce, en lour propre persones firent en voz 
inarches aucun damage, a ce que nous est reportez. Si qu'il seriible que le 
defaute ne serra trouez en mesme notre cousin si toutes choses soient bien con- 
siderees. Nientmains pur ce mettre en bone voie, selon ce votre [requisicion] 
nous pensons denuoier a Kelsowe aucuns noz messages de meindres estatz, cest- 
assauoir le dit Gerard Heron [et] William Fulthorp, Chiualers, Johan Mitfonl, et 
Mestre Aleyn Newerk eux quatre, trois ou deux de eux, de y estre le disme iour 
d'A\Teill prochein venant pur treter et accorder ouec autres de perail estat des iour, 
manere, forme, et I'ieu, as queux Ten purra puruoier par voie de bone traitee, de 
couenable et [? amy^able fin sur les matires auautdites. Par quoi s'il vous semble 
expedient que celle iournee se tiegne, faeez euuoier a les auantditz Gerard 
William Aleyn et Johan lettres de seure et saufconduyt, bones et suffisantes si par 
temps que celle iournee ne soit empeschez pur defaut de mesme le saufconduit. 
Entendantz que nous auons donez en charge as Gardeins de noz Marches vers 
Escoce, pur doner semblables lettres de saufconduit a ceux qui serront enuoiez de 
votre constee as iour et lieu desusditz. Donne souz notre priue seal a notre Palois 
de \Yestmonster le xxvij iour de Feuerer. Sauoir vous fesons en outre que nos 
messages desusnomez serront a Kelsowe, marsdy prochein apres la djinenge des 
Palmes prochein aueuir, pur y assembler ouec les messages de votre coustee. 
Donne come desus. 

[. . .] parensi, que mesmes nos messages a lour venue as iour et lieu desusditz 
puissent sauoir, que escrit nous auez ensi de la volontee et assent de notre aduer- 
saire d'Escoce, et outre ce que la voluntee de luy et des . . . de . . . est que 
bones et amyablcs tretees se [? priignent] d'entre les deux Roiaumes sanz fraude 
ou mal engin. [This last paragraph is added in a different hand.] 

A honure Seigneur le Comte de Douglas. 


Honoured Sir, — We have received your letter, written at Edebredesheles, the 
first day of the present month of February, by which you signify to us, among 
other things, that on the IGth day of May last, at Kemelspeth, it was agreed 
between our most dear cousin, the Earl of Northumberland, and yourself, that 

a certain truce should be established, by land and by sea, betwixt the two realms 
and their allies, to commence on the feast of St. Martin last past in winter, and 
to endure for one year thence next ensuing, if it should please us and our Council 
on the one part, and our adversary of Scotland and his Council on the other part. 
upon certifications in the matter between the said Earl and you on the feast of 
the Nativity of St. John the Piaptist last past, to the end that the grand com- 
missaries might have assembled to treat of peace, or a long truce betwixt the two 
kingdoms. And that our said cousin, at the said feast of St. John, certified you 
by his letters under his seal, that it was well pleasing to us and our Council that 
the said truce should be maintained, and endure for the said year from the said 
feast of St. IMartin. Whereupon the day of meeting of the grand commissaries 
was held on Monday, fifteen days after the feast of St. Michael last past. On 
which day, as your said letters purport, you spoke to the said Earl, rehearsing 
how the said truce was fixed for one year in the manner foresaid, as his letter of 
certification on the matter testified. And how that you offered yourself to cause 
maintain, keep, and perform the same truce in all points, and to cause redress 
be made of the attempts made by land and by sea for all the realm of Scotland, 
so that no fault should be found on your side, as is stated in your letters. 
Nevertheless, you complain greatly of our said cousin, imputing to him that the 
said truce was hindered and had failed entirely through his fault, and contrary 
to the effect of the said letters of certification. Concerning which you have 
requested us that vre would send certain our commissaries of high rank to the 
Marches, having power from us to hear, declare, and amend such deficiencies ; 
and you will procure that our said enemy shall send to the Marches commissaries 
of equal rank to do the like, of which you desire to be certified by the bearer of 
your said letters : Be pleased to know, that having seen and considered your said 
letters, we caused to come to our presence the honourable father in God, the 
Bishop of Bangor, and the said Earl, and also our most dear and faithful cousins, 
the Earl of Westmoreland and the Lord of Grey, Gerard Heron, knight, and John 
Cursoun, squire, to inform us fully on the matter, so that by good inquiry made 
by us in this behalf, we are certainly apprised that our said cousin, the Earl of 
Northumberland, at the said last meeting after Michaelmas, did nothing without 
the common advice and assent of the said persons associated with him as our 
commissaries, conforming themselves to the instructions given by us to them in 
the matter. And inasmuch as you affirm that the said Earl has done contrary 
to the tenor of his said letters of certification sent to you as above, know that 


we have seen the copy of those letters of certification of our will and purpo^^e 
regarding the said truce, to be maintained fur one year as aforesaid, with this 
clause : — Moreover, that the said truce should be affirmed, maintained, and kept, 
according to the form, nature, and effect of these letters : — of which condition 
or clause inserted in the said letters of cur foresaid cousin, you have made no 
mention in your said letters sent to us, at which we marvel. And it is to be 
observed, according to what our said messengers have certainly informed us, that 
while they were rehearsing to you, and to the other grand commissaries on your 
side, certain points contained in the truce fixed and agreed upon between our 
most dear cousin Lord Richard, sometime King of England, and his adversary of 
France, for them, and for their allies, and specially touching the metes and bounds 
of castles and their jurisdictions, to be declared for the better preservation of the 
same truce, to which truce the said indentures made at Kelso had relation, and 
w^hen they demanded of you if these points among others compriseil in the said 
truce would be maintained and kept, and also if you were willing to proceed to 
the declaration of the same points, it was quickly replied on your part, and each 
point denied, refusing to do what would have been the sure conservation of that 
truce. i\nd besides or notwithstanding that my said commissaries offered to you 
to agree upon a certain truce, to be maintained simply and without any condition 
or declaration up to a certain time after Christmas then next to come, to the end 
that the commissaries on the one side and the other might have made report to 
their lords, if it should please them to accord some other day, or a longer truce. 
Nevertheless you would not agree to this in any manner, and [finally] departed 
without further treaty with our above-named commissaries, as by inspection of 
a public instrument made in the matter, we are clearly informed ; and Avithin a 
short time after they were on their return to us, you rode, in your own person, in 
force, arrayed in manner of war, with banner or pennon displayed, to our town of 
Bamborough, and buinied a great part of the same town and other neighbouring 
places, as is said. So that you began the war in your person, as one of the wardens 
of the Scottish Marches, before our said cousin or any other of the wardens of 
our Marches towards Scotland, in their own persons, had done any damage in 
your Marches, according to what is reported to us. So that it seems that the 
fault will not be found in our said cousin, if all things be well considered. 
Nevertheless, to put this in a right course, according to your recjuest, we think of 
sending to Kelso some of our messengers of lesser rank, that is to say, the said 
<Jfrard Heron and William Fulthorp, knights, John Mitford, and Mr. Aleyn 


Newerk, these four, three or two of them to be there on the 10th day of April 
next ensuing, to treat and agree with others of equal rank, concerning the day, 
manner, form, and place in which they may provide, by way of a good treaty, a 
suitable and [friendly] conclusion upon matters aforesaid. Wherefore, if it seem 
expedient to you that this day hold good, cause to be sent to the foresaid Gerard, 
William, Aleyn, and John, letters of sure and safe conduct, good and sufficient, in 
such time that the said day be not hindered for lack of such safe-conduct. 
Understanding that we have given in cliai-ge to the wardens of our Marches 
towards Scotland, to give similar letters of safe-conduct to those who shall be sent 
on 3'our side at the day and place above named. Given under our privy seal, at 
cm- Palace of Westminster, the 27th day of Februar}^ We would have you knoAv 
further, that our messengers above named will be at Kelso, the Thursday next 
after Palm Sunday next to come, to meet with the messengers from your side. 
Given as above . . . Moreover, that our said messengers, at their arrival at the 
day and place above stated, might know that you have written to us according to 
the will and consent of our adversary of Scotland ; and besides, that his ^\^ll and 
that of [his Council ]] is, that good and friendly treaties be established between 
the two realms, without fraud or evil intent. 
To the Honoured Lord, the Earl of Douglas. 

10. Margaret Queen of Scots to ]\Ir. Ad.a.m Williamson, Clerk, 
acknowledging receipt of Instructions. 22d January [1516].^ 

Traist Clerk, — We grete ze hartlye wele, and we hafe ressauit zour cunsell, 
"with the instructions fra our familiar clerk Scliir James Inglish, and considerit 
tlie samyne, quhilk was rycht plesaunt to ws ytf it hadd bene possible to doo eftir 
the said cunsell, hot as zourself may wele consider the inoportunitie that was quheu 
ze war here, and sethin fer mare, and that folk of this land are se inquisityfe that 
sic thing may nocht be performit without grete knawlege to sindry folk, and 
thair is nane that I may trust hot my husband and his vncle, cpihilk ar rycht glad 
tharto yf it mycht be, praying to be diligent in all matteris as ze hafe bene in tyme 
paste in vther things. Gefe credens to ye Appostolate and Shyr Jamj's writings. 
At Perth, the xxij day of Januarye. Margaret R. 

To our traist clerk. Master Adam Williamson. 

^ Original in Public Record OfSce, London. 


1 1. The Same to Cahdinal Wolsey, olijecting to the Earl of Angus's return 
to Scotland. Edinburgh, Gth October [1524:]. Old copy.^ 

My Lord Cardinal, — I comend me hartely, and I liave receyvit your writing, with 
the artickls sub.^cribed with your hand, whereunto I have maid answer at length 
ill al poynts, and therefor I will not be long to you in this writyng; but 1 pray 
you hartaly, my Lord, to considre wel the awnswer of your said artickles, and not 
to take so grete regard as ye do by your writing to my Ijord of Anguss, which and 
ye do will put grete trouble in this realm, and liable to put the King my son in 
his enimys hands : Wherefor, seyng that I and my pertakers have put the King 
my son out of the dangler that he was in, I think shulde be wel considred, and in 
such a sort that the Erie of Anguss shulde not be sent in this realme, and specialy 
by the Kings grace my brother, who must be our defender and helper, and shuld 
giue occasion to noblemen to take [the] Kyng my sonis part and mine, beliveing 
that there through wyn his grace's favour, and will cans them to be the better 
servauuts to the Kyng my son and me ; and giff his grace will send in the Erie of 
Anguss that is contrary parte to th' Erie of Arryn, it will be occasion to hym to 
leve the gud parte that he hath keiped, and to labour otherways for hymselfe, 
wliere now he hath put himself and all his trihds in danger of there lives and 
lands, for the weale of the King my son and me ; and gitf this should not be loked 
upon before the pleasure of the Earle of Angus, that did never sic steed and service 
to the Kyng my son and me, nor may not do, suppose ye my Lord be otherways 
informed and geues trust to the same, as the artickles bereth at length. Not the 
less, my Lord, I pray yow, as my gret trust is in yow, that yow will lal^our in that 
sort for mo, that I and my parttakers may be in a surety that the Earle of Anguss 
shal not come in Scotland, as at more length the artikles berys, and that with 
diligence I may be advertysed of the King's grace my brother's pleasure ; for while 
that I be in surety of sick maters as I have written, I trust th' embasadour .-hall 
nut be sped, for my jjartakers thinketh that gitf they laboure for the pleasure ot tlie 
Kings grace my brother, that on his side he should shew kindness to them afore 
any Scotishmau after the King my sou; praying yow therefor, my Lord, to uive 
good counsell to the Kyngs grace my brother, and to let me have answer 
incontinent for the furthering of matters, and God have yow in his keeping. 
Written the sixt day of October, at Edinburgh. 

^ Douglas Charter-chest. 


12. King James the Fifth to Cardinal Wolsey, desiring the Bisliopric 
of Moray for Alexander Douglas. Stirling, 26th April [1528].^ 
Maist reuerend fader in God, we commend vvs to zou in our maist hartlie wvsf, 
signifying vnto zou, that quhene ony materis occurris quharinto zour supple is 
commodius, we fynd zou euer thankfulle and haitlie to ws and our realme, quhar- 
throu, havand ferme confidcns in zour faitht and kindnes, we writ presentlie to 
haue zour lettres direct to our haly fader the Paip, for promotioun of Alexander 
Douglas, naturale sonne to our traist counsalour and thesaurar, Archibald Douglas. 
to the bischoprick of ^lurray, quhilk is differrit throu defalt of his matur aige, or 
rather throu soUistatioun and menis of our erne the Duk of Albany. Quharfor. 
maist reuerend fader, we pray zou rycht effectuislie to direct zour lettres with 
expeditioun to the effect aboun writtin, with dispensationis neidfull, being suvr 
that we salbe glaid and desirus to rander hartlie and intuall kindnes, quhilk ze 
sail find in deid, giff ony caise sail happin to occur quharin we may do plesour 
to zou ; praying God to haue zou, maist reuerende fader, in his gracius keping. 
Gevin onder our signet, and subscriuit with our hand, of our castell of Striuiling, 
the xxvj day of Aprill, and of our regnne the xv zeir. Ja^IES R. 

To ane maist reuerend fader in God, Thomas, Cardinal of Zork, Chancellar 
and Legat of Ingland, etc. 

13. King James the Fifth to King Henry the Eighth, explaining his 
intentions against the Borderers. Stirling, 23d June [1528].- 

RlCHT Excellent, richt hie and michty Prince, oure derrest uncle, brothere, and 
confiderate, we gif zow our maist cordialle recommeudacionis. Plesithe zow 
have knawlege we have inserte in oure lettres direckit to the wardanis on zoui- 
bordouris the caus quhy presentlie the raid and ost till have bene led incontrar the 
thevis and rebellis one oure bordouris wes delayit and postponit, quhilk now 
maire planlie we scliaw wnto zow. Derrest uncle, ye sail onderstand the estatis 
of oure realme and consaile as in ane parte discontentit of the ordoure of justitv 
ministrat in tymme bypast be the Erie of Angus oure chancellaire, and inlyk wys 
we have oft and divers tymes considerit mony apperand dangeris and inconveui- 
entis on the bordouris of baithe the realmys, hendering of justice and due redre> 
in defalt of oure said Chancellaire, as we ar informit. And for the haisty remedv 
and reformaciounc in the preraissis, we have set ane generall counsaile universalie 
. ' Original ia Public Record Office, Loudou. ^ /5jj/_ 


of the estatis of oure realme in Edinburghe, the x day of Julii nixt, quhaire, 

God willing, be the avis of our weill myndit Counsaile, we sail provyde sua that 

the directs and rycht ordoure of justice withoute pertialite may be ministrat 

universalie till all oure liegis wythin our realme, wythe gude and deliberate 

determinacioune, tuichand the etfiiris of oure bordouris, and in syk manere that in 

t)Tne cummyng thair sail nocht be syk occasioune of plantys as hes bene in tyme 

bypast, to the eflfecte amite, luff, and frendschip betuix ws baithe, our realmes 

and liegis, may have encres and fortherans. Thairfore, derrest uncle, in cais the 

said Erie wald meyne wnto zou of zoure onkyndnes, or of oure Counsaile, we pray 

zow hertlie gif nay haisty credens thareto, wnto the tyme ze persaue quhat 

parte we keip wnto zow and zour liegis throw the reformacioune now laitlie to 

be devisit, and the eifecte of the samyn beand ryplie and weill considerit. 

Richt excellent, rycht hie and mychty Prince, the blissit Lady mot evir have 

zou in governance. Gevj'ne onder oure signet at oure Castell of Striviling, the 

xxiij day of Junij, and of oure regnne the xv zeir. 

Zour lovynge brothere and nepho, y -, 

James K. 

To ane rycht excellent, rycht hie and mychty prince, oure derrest uncle, 
brothere, and confiderate, the King of Inglond, etc. 

14. King Henry the Eighth to the Earls of Angus and Glencairn. 
3d March [1543]. Old copy.^ 

Right trustie and right well beloued cousyns, we grete you well, and haue 
receyved this present Mondaye, the 3d of Marche, your letter, dated at Dowglas 
the last of February, requ}Ting an answer to be sent unto you of the same before 
the 9th of this said moneth ; wherein, forasmuche as you haue wrytten verrye 
obscurely, without declaring in your said letter unto us in what th\Tig you desire 
to knowe an answere of our pleasure, and for that also the day before the whiche 
you desire to here from us ys so nere at hande, as although we knewe wherin you 
wold be answered, we cannot yet satisfie you in that behalf, we can for this 
tyme make }^ou this only answere : That when Mr. Penven, our chapeleyn, shall 
be arryued here, fully enstructed on your behalfe to declare unto us what you 
entend and porpose to do, we shall theruppon make you suche further answere as 
you shall have cause to be contented. And encase you had, a fortenight passed, 
signified your minds unto us, and then requyred an answere of our advise and 

1 Barghley State Papers : Haynes, p. 8. 

pleasure in the same, we might haue had then convenyent tyme to have sent you 
.suche an advise as might have hyn bothe to your commodities and also for the 
better advancement of our aftairs ; which we cannot do at this present, the tyme 
within the whiche you requyre an answer being so short and soudayne, and 
the contynewe also of your letter so incertayne. Wherfore we requyre you to 
dispeche unto us with diligence our said chapelein, to th' entent we may, upon 
his arry\'all here as aforesaid, retorne such answere agayne unto you as shall 
apperteyne ; and in the meane season prudently to forsee and dispose your things 
in such soorte as your enemyes catche you no more at suche an advauntage, as 
they haue done at your last encountre togider ; signifieing unto you that encase 
you shall use your self towards us like men of honor and courage, as we beleve 
you woll, and as our faueors alredy declared and showed unto you, and that we 
entend hereafter upon your deserts to showe to you, doth requyre, you may be 
assured you shall not want the aide at our handes that you can reasonably 
demaunde. Praying yow to consider howe that if you had ensuyd our counsaill 
and advice in many things heretofore, bothe you for your parts had avoyded 
moche inconvenyencie that hathe followed unto you, eyther by askyng our advice 
to late, or slacking of the tyme when thyngs shuld have been done ; and also our 
affaires bene thereby moche hyudred and empeched. Howbeit, things passed, yf 
you will do nowe like men of honor, and showe your selfs as you ought to du, 
may yet be easely ynoughe redubbed and amended. Given under our signet at 
our Palace of Westminster, the 3d day at night of this moneth of March, the 
35th yere of our regne. 

15. The S.uie to the Eaels of Angus, Cassillis, and Glencairne. 

March 1543.^ 
By the King. 
Right trustye and right welbiloued cousins, etc. And haue received your letter 
by this bearer, Mr. Penvyn, our chaplayn, and likewise haue herd such credence 
as youe committed unto him and th' Erie of Lynoux secretary, to be declared 
unto us on your behal£ Whereby perceyving your desyre to have us send in 
thither a mayu armey for your relief, albeit your proceedings hitherto haue bene 
of such sorte as we shuld not be easely induced to be at any farther charge at 
your desj'res, or by your devises, untill wee sawe siun better effect folowe of the 
same thenne hath done heretofore ; yet concey\'iug upon the repport that our 
1 Burghley State Papers : Hayues, p. 20. 



sayd chaplaj-n and the sayd secretary hath made unto us on your behalfs, that 
youe vv-i 1 ernestly redubbe things ne,di,.,.ntly handled in tymes bypast, and prose- 
cute that, that you haue now in hand to be done agaynst your ennemys and our. 
with more constante and better courrage thenne you haue done heretofore we' 
haue sent unto youe such an aunswer by this sayd bearer touching your desyre 

in Zb h IfT-L ="^f ^''^"^^"\— ^ -^1 honour to think youe well satisfied 
in that behalf, hkeas he can declare unto youe more particularly. Geven under 
our signet at our Palais of Westminster, the daye of Marche. 

16. The Same to the Earl of Angus, encouraging the latter. Circa 1543 ^ 
KiGHT trusty and right welbeloued cousyn, we grete you well. And wheras you 
with sum other, the Lordes our freends in those partes, have made request unto 
nsto send furthwith for your relief a mayn armey into Scotland, our aunswere 
to sum parte wherof ye shall perceyve by the reaporte of our chaplayn, Mn 
len.en and Thomas Bishop, the Erie of Lynoux secretarye. We shall desyre 
jm, my Lorde, to consydre how good and gracious we have bene unto you even 
sithens the begj^nnyng of our acquayntaunce unto this present, and how thai you 
being bounde in honour to serve us loyally in recompence of the same, and 
ha mg ,n that behaulf made unto us sundry fayere promyses, nothing the more 
hath by your meanes hitherto taken effect or cummen to any good purpose • the 
cause wherof not only we, but well nere all the rest of our freendes and yours 
haue thought to consist onely in that you haue suffred your self to be seduced' 
Mith fayre woords and Haterye, and slakly passed the things you had in hande 
and done them with less care than the importaunce of the same hath renuvred' 
i^or It you had, my Lord, followed things bypast earnestly and lyke a veray man 
o narte and couraige, as we have allwaies estemed you, taken and prosecuted 
them in tyme, and used your ennemyes whenne you had them at advaunta-e as 
}^.u see nowe they use you and yours, thenne had nother you bene dryveV to 
the point you be now at, nor we haue had cause to be at such charge as by your 
means we liave bene at, and for your sake, and by your devise, entend to be at 
this present, in cace you and others shall agree to those reasonable things that we 
requyre you to do for th' assuraunce of your good service towardes us ° 
vour 1 t^'f "^7 L°[^«' ''^ y^^ e^teme your honour and the reputacion of 
)our manhod which we have of long tyme conceyved of you, bestiire yourself 
at thi. present, and play the man. Laye aparte all fond affections, and suffre not 
' Biirgliley State Papers: Haynes, p. 19. 


yourself, being a nobleman and noted a man of courage, to be overcom with 
delicatenes, now at this time specially, whenne that you shuld shewe yourself 
industrious for the preservation of your honour and credit, both towards us and 
all the rest of the woorlde that knoweth you. You haue tasted much of our 
liberalitie before you had deserued any ; and )"f you shall serve us nowe franklye, 
and as our goodnes in tyme past dothe requyre, think not but that you shall 
serve a prince that hath yet in store much liberalytie to imparte unto you. 

"We 'svritte our mynde playnly and syncerely unto you, because we love you 
and tendre your honour and reputacion, and Avoid be loth you shulde do any 
thing for lack of good aduise or freends monition that myght empajTe the same. 
And therfore we requyre you to pondre this oaf freendly advertisement, and to 
execute the same in such sorte as we may haue cause to think it written to sum 
effect, wherof we shall be gladde, and also consydre the same agayne towards you 
for our parte in such sorte as shall apperteyue ; requyring you, as our special 
trust is in you, to cause us haue aunswer herof, and also to cause as much expe- 
dition to be used for tlie sending of such persones as shall cum to mete with our 
comissioners at Carlisle, as can possibly be used. 

17. King Henry the Eighth to Sir George Douglas. 
19th February 1544.^ 

Trusty and welbiloved, we grete you well. And wheras of late at a meeting 
had, at your desyre, betwen youe and our right trusty and welbiloved counsaillor 
Sir Eafe Eure, knight, the Lord Warden of our Midle Marches, you have not 
onely declared unto the same (as he hath enformed us), that you dread much our 
displeasure for your procedinges now of late, desyring us to forgyve youe such 
thinges as wherein you have offended us, as yourself confessyd, in travailing so 
much to have the favour of the Queue, the Gouvernour, and the Cardinal ; 
offring, for reconciliation of our favour to you in that behaulf, that you will do 
whatsoever we woll commaunde you to do, oreles that we shall well knowe that 
you are not of power able to do it ; and that also, if our pleasure be to have your 
brother refuse the lieuteuauntship, you wilbe meane that he shall do it ; but also 
that the Quene and Gouvernour and others the noble men of that realme ar 
desjTous to have a salveconduct for certain ambassadours to cum unto us, 
authorised to offre such thinges as they think we woold be contented withall : We 
late you wite, that, albeit having don so much both for youe and your brother as 
1 State Papers, 1830, vol. v. p. 415. 

'■''"■] ^0^^^ LETTERS A.YD WARRA.VTS. 21 

w.,orld knoweth be.i(Ie.s, and m recon.pcnce therof, fyndin, j-„„ „ot only slack in 
the advanncement o our aflayres, but more adveri and Igainst the sIm then 

.>nemp.t us, in all your doinges and procedinges. as we have had good cause to 
conceyve an en lop.n.on of youe, and to beare youe our d.spkasure justly for the 
same : yet, we beyng a prince of clemency, not desirous of revenue ,ri,e e w 
Wardi:^f r "^ ':■■"""=" as „. perceive by th'information" of ur ,ayd 

ir:;. tt i::r, ',? t^' """" -^ p^^*- "■"' "^^^^^ -^ - p-^on thenar 

he^yng that t shuld be moch to your confort to here from us that we wer you 

—rri :''• ""T '\'""' ™ ""^ *"' ^0" ™-^- P™-^^^o 

trarand tw'f 'T ."' ''"»'°fo^e gyveo us occasion to think the con- 

Z' . ™"°'^'' ^™ *^"'' y™"- P'''' ''"' ^'■■™ "« according to your 

p romesse and our expectation, and likewise cause your brother to leavf tl.-offi e 

em fair :1 ^^''"'^ l^ ".f V"'™ "P"° "^ '" ^»''' ^ - ""'-'«' and pardon youe of all that is past, and to accept you unto our favour 
and grace agayn ; trusting you will <rvye us c»...p tr. L j j , 
lilfoa. ;„ ,l.j J . • , "■' '° "C gootl Lord unto you, 

i 1 t : "\^^'T° '° '•' '° ""^ y°" •'"'"8'=^ •'^ correspondent to you 

S is atn ^" "-Jo-^'-g i" of ambassadours, and also the desperation 

no wav ir ' , "™ °' •^'°"™''^' '" *•>"' " i^ ''™''cd that we will 

I, mX , ?b " tr ™' '"'' *'''' "^ ^'"^"'•^ "• -"q-™ "- «ata^. and 

any Id' /: "'"r" ™"'" ^"" ■"'^'''^■f^ ^'"l >■»" J«tm"L, then 

Znthat wT ^ " '"" '"'"'" ^"-^ f" °- P-' -c have never 

iyven that, wherby youe or any other shuld gather or thynk by our procedin-es 

'rw^kCt?' f" 'T' '''T ^■"' °^'''^'™ -^-^ '^'^ ^- mini::::, r 

P ocedZL of '■"' "'' '° '"^^ "'''^'' °f dishonorable and moost dislovail 

pla hed that realme and without shorte amendement wil undoubtedly pla.-e it 
more vehemently xXevertheles, for our, we wer never so much .™ to 

ke revenge on that reahne, what cause so ever we had ministred unto us b 

to them that woo d submitt themselfes ernestly, and seke unfaynedly to Wubhe 

hmges by passed, we could be contented to enclyne our hart to "race nd 

emencye, which you may be bold to notifye to the rest on our hehl 7 Zd 

therefor seing that the Gouvernour, Queue, and nobles of that r: Ime mL tw 

•ute. and request to treate with us upon the manage of our Sonne and ptnepl 


and th'estahlisliement of a peax, if that they meane it effectually, and to th'intent 
there may be an unite and concord betwen both the realmes, will shortly, within 
8 or 10 dayes after the delyvery of these our letters unto youe, and bona fidf 
procede with us, and send your commissioners, we ar contented to f,^raunte a salw- 
conduct to any two or three they will send for that purpos to cum to our town 
of Anwyke, so as yourself by one ; trusting you will travail that th'other two 
also shalbe men of reason, and good disposition to bring the thinges to a good 
perfection. Signifying unto youe that, when you shall advertise our lieutenaunt 
of those which shalbe sent out of Scotlande be redy to cum, appoynting the 
nombre of 20 in \hejv company, fully enstructed and authorized by the 
Gouvernour, Quene, and the consent of the hole Parlament to commyn and 
conclude uppon the sayd purposes, wherin we advertise youe we looke to have 
more substancialler hostages, and more larger conditions then before we agreed 
unto, when those which be now our enemys were our frendes, we will addresse 
to our sayd lieutenaunt a saveconduct with a blank for the names of them to be 
inserted that shall cum, who shall sende it unto youe upon your request for the 
same ; and likwise wil appoynt commissioners to mete youe at our sayd towne. 
full authorised and instructed to comniyne and conclude on our behaulf. 
Requyring you that, onles it be ment there to work syncerly and directly with 
us, there be non sent ; for if you shuld practise with us to seeke delay and wynne 
tyme, you shall loose your credit for ever, both with us and all other, and provoke 
our displeasure the more against youe, purchasing thereby at length your own 
confusions ; wheras dealing uprightly and truely, as besemeth men of honour and 
noble blood, wynyng therewithal! reason and indifferent conformitye, it can not 
be chosen but honour and good will ensue therupon, and such a quietnes, peax, 
and tranquillity, as shalbe beneficial to both the realmes. 

IK Declaration in favour of Archibald Earl of Angus, subscribed by 
Queen Mary at Paris, on 28th April, and by her mother, Mary, Queen- 
Dowager and Eegent, at Edinburgh, on 20th June [1555]. 


We, havand remembrance of the gude, trew, and vailzeant seruices done to ws and 
our maist noble progenitouris of gude mynd, quhame God assolze, be our riciit 
traist cousing, Archibald, Erie of Anguis, Lord Douglas, etc., and his predicessouris 
be the tennour heirof declaris that be oure generall reuocatioun, to be maid in 


our Parliament to be haltlin at EJinburght, the xx day of Junij nixtocum, it is 
nor was ueuir our menyng or intentioun to luak derogatioun to tiie infeftmentis 
quhatsuraeuir maid be ws in our minorite and les age, witht auis and consent of 
oure richt traist cousing, James, now Duke of Cliattallarault, Erie of Arrane, Lord 
Hammiltoun, etc., our tutour, protectour, and gouernour of our realme for the 
tyme, to our said richt traist cousing, Archibald, Erie of Anguis, in lifrent, for 
all the dayis of his life, and to vmquhile James Dowglas his sone, and than 
apperand air, and his airis maill lauchfullie to be gottin of his body, quhilkis 
failzeing, to the airis maill of our said cousing, Archibald, Erie of Anguis, or his 
assignais quhatsumeuir, otf quhatsmeuir landis, lordschippis, baronyis, regalitei.s, 
ciistcllis, touris, fortalices, milnis, woddis, tischeingis, contenit in the saidis infeft- 
meutis, witht tenentis, tenendrijs, seruice of fre tenentis, aduocationis, donationis, 
and richtis of patronages of Idrkis, benefices, and chapellanreis of the samin ; nor 
that the samin or ony part therof suld cum vnder our said reuocatioun generall, 
and in sa fer as the .samin apperis to cum or may cum and be comprehendit vnder 
our said reuocatioun, or that the said reuocatioun may ony wis be or appeir to be 
preiudioiall to our said cousing, Archibald, Erie of Anguis, and his airis maill 
contenit in the saidis infeftmeutis : We, of our full queolie power absolute and 
auctorite riall, be thir presentis, reponis, reintegratis our said cousing and his airis 
maill specifeit in the saidis infeftmeutis aganis our said reuocatioun, and makis 
thame to be in the samin place as the samin reuocatioun had neuir bene maid 
nowther in speciall nor generall, or as we had specialie in our said reuocatioun 
reseruit and exceptit the saidis infeftmeutis furth of the samin ; commanding 
heirfure oure clerk of register to insert this our declaratioun in our buikis of 
Parliament, to remane therin ad perpetuam rei memoriam, and to extract and 
draw furtht the auctentik copy heirof to our said cousing and his airis maill in 
auctentik forme, to be kepit and vsit be thame at thair plesour. Subscriuit witht 
our hand at Paris, the xxviij day of Aprile, and gevin vnder our signet, and 
subscriuit be our deirest moder, Maiie, queue dowarrier and regent of our realme, 
at our command, the xx day of Junij, and of oure regnne the xiij zeir. 



[c. 157S. 

19. Licence by King J.^jnies the Sixth to William Douglas of 
Glenbervie and his Spouse, to eat flesh between certain dates. 
Stirling, 1st March 1578. 

We, vndirstanding that our louittis, Williame Dowgles of Glenbervie and Geillis 
Grahame his spous, is subiect to seiknes and diseiss of body, thairfoir, be the 
tennour heirof, to haue gevin and grantit licence to the saidis personis, and 
twa with thame in cumpanie, to eit flesche als oft as thai pleis, fra the aucht day 
of Marche instant to the xix day of Apryle nixtocum, without crj^me, skayth, 
pane, or dangare to be incurrit be thame thairfoir, in thair bodies or gudis, 
notwitlistanding ony our actis, proclamationis, or inhibitionis maid in the 
contrair ; quhaLranent, and panes contenit thairin, we dispens be thir presentis. 
Gevin vndir our signet, and subscriuit witht our hand, at our Castell of Striueling, 
the 1st day of March, and of our regnne the twelft zeir, 1578. 

Kobert Nesbyt satisfyet. 


20. Discharge by King James the Sixth to Akciiibald, eighth Earl 
OF Angus, of the fines of the Sheriffdom of Berwick, Holyrood 
House, 20th September 1580. 


We, vnderstanding that our rycht trest cowsing and cnun.sallour, Archibald, 
Erie of Angus, Lord Dowglas and Abernethie, etc., Shereft-principall of our 
sherofdome of Berwilc, is chargit be the Lordis Auditouris of our Chekker 
for payment of the sowme of ii^'v*^ Ixxxxiii lbs. xii s. viii d. mone, aucht chalderi.s 
quheit, aucht chalderis beir, sex penneis argenti, restand awand to ws of the males, 
fermes, few-fermes, dowlingis of few-ferms, blanchis, relevis, and vtheris dewteis 
of certane landis lyand within our said schirefdome, quhairwith our said schiref 
is chargit in his compt of the said schirefdome sen his acceptatioun of the said 
office, quhilk was in the monethe of Januare, the zeir of God i'^v° thre scoir 
threttene zeiris, and that sen syne, partlie be occasioun of the lait trubles, and 
vtherwayis be ressoun our said schirefdome and inhabitantis thairof hes bene oft 
and diners tymes vext and trublit with the brokin men of the bordour of Ingland, 
adiacent thairto, oure saiii rycht trest cowsiug hes newir as zit ressauit or intromettit 
with any dewtie or casualitie belanging properlie to ws of the said office, l)ot rather 
spent grait substance and tyme in reforming of sic enormeteis quhairv.'ith thai war 
inquietit and perturbit, the t}Tiie of his acceptatioun of the said office of befoir 
and sensyne. Thairfoir, and for diuers vthers causis and consideratiounis moving 
ws, we, with awise of the Lordis of our Privie Counsale, have dischargit, and be 
the tenour heirof dischargis our said rycht trest cowsiug, and his deputis 
quhatsumeuir of the said schirefdome, off all and sindrie the saidis sowmes of 
money, victualis, dewteis, or vthers casualities of the said office of schirefschip 
abonewritten, belanging to ws sen the tyme of his acceptatioun of the said office ; 
commanding the Lordis Auditouris of our Chekker to defeis and alio we to our 
said rycht trest cowsiug quhatsumeuir dewtie or casualitie belanging to ws of the 
said office, as said is, during the said space, quhairwith he is chargit in our chekker, 
vpon the sycht of thir our lettres, quhilkis sal be zour warrand. Subscrivit with 
our hand at Halyruidhous, the twenty day of September, and of our regne the 
xiiii zeir, L580. 

[The signatures to the original Discharge are given in facsimile on the 
following page.] 


'21. Letter hy James the Sixth, relieving ArcliibalJ, eighth Earl of Angus, 
from ward beyond the water of Southesk. Gth April 1584. 

AVe, be the tennour heirof, with auise of the Lordis of cure Secreit Counsall, 
frethis and relevis oure rycht traist cousing, Archibald Erll of Angus, Lord 
Dowglas and Abirnetliv, furth of his present ward be north the watter of 
Southesk, quhairin he was commandit to remane ; to the effect he may repair to 
our burgh of Dunde, or ony vther part thairabout, quhair he may rnaist com- 
raodiouslie haue schipping to depart furth of our realme to the partis beyond 
sey, according to our licence grautit to him to that effect, without pane, skayth, or 
dangeare to be incurrit be him thairfoir, in body, landis, or gudis, nochtwith- 
standing ony our lawis, actis, statutis, inhibitionis, or chargeis direct in the 
contrair ; quhairanent, and panis contenit thairin, we dispcns be thir presentis, 
dischargeing all our iugeis and ministeris of our lawis of all m'olesting, troubling, 
or persewing of our said rycht traist cousing for the cans foirsaid, and of thair 
offices in that part : Prouiding alwayis, that he repair na Avayis be sowth the 
watter of Tay, nor zit pas northwart outwith the boundis of Angus, in the 
menetyme, afoir his departing furth of our realme, as said is, vtherwayis thir 
presentis to be null and of na force nor effect thaireftir. Gevin vnder our 
signet, and subscriuit with our hand, at Haliruidhous, this sext day of Apryle, 
and of our regnne the xvii zeir, 1584. James R. 



Dorso : Apud Haliruidhous, sexto Aprilis, anno, etc., Ixxxiiii". Sederunt: — 
Ergyle. Clerk of Register. 

Huntly. Segie. 

Arrane. Murdocairny. 

Rothes. Pettinweme. 

Past and subscriuit in Counsall. Joannes Andro. 


22. Queen Eliz.vbeth to King James the Sixth, mediating for the Scottish 
Lords who ivtired to England. 3d October 1584. Old copy in au 
English hand. 

Right higho, etc. Before your late Parliamente, held in August last, wee were 
verie earnestlie pressed l>y the distressed noble men, your subiectes, retyred into 
this our realme, to haue enterposed our creditt towardes you, by waye of media- 
tion, for the staie of proceadinge against them in the said Parliament ; which 
we then forbare to doe, vppon information geiuen vnto our cosen, the Lord of 
Hunsdon, by the Earle of Arreyn at the tyme of their conference, that you had 
discouuered some newe matter against the said Lords, touchinge some intent they 
had to haue attempted somewhat in that your realme tendinge to the trouble 
thereof, not without some perill to your owne person. But fyndinge nowe, as 
well by such proofes as haue ben sytheuce sent by the said Earle \nto oui- said 
cosen, for the maintenance of the trueth of the said allegation, as also by the 
reporte made vnto vs by our servante Davison since his retourne, that the said 
imputacion hath not fallen out in proofe as was geiuen out, but rather is to be 
presomed that the same tended to make our mediation frvteles, and to hinder 
your goodues towardes them. We cannot, beinge perswaded in our owne con- 
science, that they neyther haue nor do carrie anie euell or vndvtyfvU meauinge 
towardes your owne person, as they haue most earnestlie and relligiouslie 
protested, since their repaire into this our realme, but most etfectuallie praie 
you for our sake, not onlie to forbeare the disposinge of such landis as of late 
are fallen vnto you by forfeicture in the said Parliament, but also to be contente 
to suffer them to enioye some such parcell thereof for their maintenance duringe 
the tjTne of their exile as by you shalbe thought meete, with regarde had to 
their states and qualities. And whereas heretofore, vppon lyke mediation for the 
maintenance of your refusall, you haue answeared our mynistei"s that, by our 
dyrrection, haue dealt with you in that behalf, that the example would be 
dangerous to deale so remisely towardes suclie as had souglit the trouble of your 
realme and perill of your owne person, and thereuppon hath praied vs that we 
would forbeare to presse you any further therein then we ourselues would like to 
be pressed in the lyke case. We cannot, notwithstandinge, but advise you to 
consider and weyghe the difference betweene troubles styrred vppe in a setled 
state and kingdome, where the aucthoritie of a prynce, by due adraynistration of 
iustice, is respected as appertaineth, and those which fall out in a state where the 


rrgall aucthoritie in the tyme of a younge prince's mynoritie growctli to cojiteinpte, 
and canieth not that vallewe and reucrcnce that it ought to doe, whereby tliere 
riseth f:\ctions and partialities that breede manie disorders, which cannot be 
redressed or staied by such as haue but a temporarie gouuerment, duringe the saytl 
prince's niynoritie. And therefore, when a prynce groweth to tliose yeares that 
do enhable him to take the gouuerment into his owne handes, eache faction 
seeketh, eyther by force or practise, to possesse himself either of his ftiuour (jr 
person, that vnder the collour of his aucthoritie they maie prosecute their parti- 
culer reuenges by charginge the contrarie partie with disloyaltie ; whereof sondrie 
examples haue ben seen not onlie in that kingedome, but in all vther king- 
domes duringe the mynorities of younge kinges and princes ; for helpe whereof, 
a younge prynce, well counselled, ought in the beginninge of his entrance into 
[his] kingdome to seeke some good meanes by advice of Parliament orderlie called, 
or otherwyse to compounde those factions and partiallities, and not to sutfer the 
countenance and creditte of his aucthoritie to be abused by such as, vppon the 
vantage of the gayninge of his eare and person, seeke their particuler reuenges, 
to the weakeninge of his estate and the perill of his owne person, when men 
forced throughe desperation are carried into the vse of violent remedies, whereof 
no countrie nor kingedome hath yealded more dangerous and doulourous examples 
then that realme ; And therefore we, as carefull of your well-doinge (whatsoeuer 
construction hath ben made to the contrarie), haue alwaies advised you to a 
temperate corse, foreseeinge that violence, neither in gouuerment nor otherwise, 
currieth perpetuite. And therein we haue in such sorte dealte towardes you, 
touchinge the advice we haue geiuen you, as we could haue lyked to haue ben 
dealt withall, if we had ben in the lyke state ; fyndinge nothinge more dangerous 
or dishonourable for a prynce, then to make himself a partie of a faction in his 
owne realme, who ought alwaies to carrie the ballance euen, and not of a head and 
cheif to become a member. Herein we take vppon vs to be the bolder to aduise 
you in respect that you haue so earnestlie protested to be at our deuotion, and to 
preferre our frendshippe before all others, which hath ben latelie testified vnto 
vs both by the Earle of Arreyn, delyuered vnto our cosen of Hunsdon, as also by 
our servante Davyson, delyuered to ourselues, which, as we accept in most thankfull 
sort, so shall we be fownde readie to requyte with all kindnes and gratvytye. And 
therefore we doubt not but if you shall well weighe our advice (thoughe it maie be 
by some enterpreted that it proceadeth rather of a desier we haue to further the 
cause of these poore noble men whose releefe we seeke, then of anie good will we 

beare you), it wilbe founde notwithstandinge, both by yourself and such as you 
shall acquainte herewith, that are not lynied with faction, but preferre your 
honour and safetie before particuler rcspectes, that the same is no lesse profitable 
for you to receaue and followe (the present state of your realrae duelie considered) 
then honourable for us to geiue, which if we shall see accompanied with as little 
etfectes as other requestes and aduises we haue heretofore geiuen you (the same 
havinge alwaies tended to your good), then shall we haue iust cause to doubt that these 
late protestations you make ar not accompanied with that sinceritie that we could 
wishe in one so nearelie tyed vnto vs in bloode and neighborhoode, and therefore 
cannot but plainelie lett you vnderstande, as our nearest kinsman and neighbor, 
that accordinglie as we shall receaue answeare from you, so are we hereafter to 
make accompt of your goodwill and frendshippe towards vs. 

23. Queen Elizabeth to the Earls of Angus and Mar, 10th October 


Right trusty and right welbilouid cousins, we grete you well. How carefull and 
redy we haue alwayes bene and presently ar to do anything, both towards the 
King and otherwise, that may in any sort work your good, this bearer 'Mi: Colvile 
can declare vnto you, for we cannot be vnmyndfull of the great goodwill and 
deuotion you have alwayes borne vs, so farr furth as may stand with your duetie 
to your souuerayn ; and therefor we woold be glad, by all good and honuorable 
meanes, to make it appere vnto youe and to the vroorlde by effects, how thankfully 
we accept therof. And although such meanes of mediation as we have made 
towards the King (wherin we haue not omitted any oportunitie), hath not ben 
accompanyed with those frutes that we looked for, yet we hope herafter, when 
he shall looke into his estate, and see in what hard termes he standeth, through 
the generall discontentement of the present gouuernement tliere (wherof we meane 
shortly to put him in mynd, as by a copie of a lettre which we ha,ue deliured to 
the sayd Colvile you may perceve), we hope God will open his eyes and direct his 
hart to take sum more temperat course then hitherto he hath done, by seking the 
recouerey of the goodwilles of you and the rest of his nobilite, his good and faithful! 
subiects and servants, who, whatsoeuer is geven out to the contrary, we ar in our 
owne conscience persuaded, desyre nothing more than his honour and savetie. Fur 
the rest of the matters communicated vnto vs by the said Cohile, we refer you to 




such aunswer as we haue deliured vnto him, wherwith we doubt not but you will 
rest satisfyed. Geuen at our Honour of Hampton Court, the 10th day of October, 
in the xxn'^ yere of our reign. 

Postscripta. — Knowing how necessary it is to remove the querels and vukiud- 
nes that depend bet wen you and the house of Hamilton, and to reconcile you in 
good will and freendship among yourselues, we haue directed our lettres to the 
two Lords Hamiltons to that purpos, and appointed our trusty and welbilouid 
Henry Anderson, Mayour of Xewcastel, to travell betwen you for th'effecting of 
the said reconciliation, as himself shall more particulerly declare vnto youe : Not 
doubting but that you will shew yourselfes as forward and willing to yeld to this 
our motion, as the same doth in itself import your own particuler good and 

To our right trusty and welbiloued cousins the Erles of Anguss and Marr. 

24. Queen Elizabeth to the Earls of Angus and Mar and the Master 
OF GL-A3IMIS. 22d March 1584. 

Right trusty and right welbilouid cousins, we grete you well. We wer very 
glad, by your late lettres vnto vs, written both wisely for tlie matter, and in 
moost duetifull sort towards the King your souuerayn, to fynd our opinion 
touching your innocencie in those haynous matters you ar now chardged withall. 


confirmed by the moost earnest protestations made by you touching your clerenes 
in that behalf ; for we can never be induced to think so hardly of you as that 
men of your roligion and byrtli can be drawen for any cause to think so vnduetifull 
a thought against a sacred i)rince, much les to make yourselfes parties in so 
divelish and horrible an atteni[)t. We hope that the King, your souuerayn, when 
he shall fynd the contrivers of thies moost slaunderous imputations against you, 
wilbe drawen, as both honnour and reason commaundeth, to extend that 
puuyshement that apperteyneth to so ill instruments, and to remove the hard 
opinion conceved against you by their indirect practizes ; wherein you may assure 
yourselues that we will do our vttermoost indevour to perswade him to precede 
to a very severe examination and tryall of so indirect practizes, tending to so 
wicked a purpos as to breed an alienation of the good will of his best devoted 
subiects. In the meane t}^ue, we can not but aduise you to cary yourselues very 
warely, both in your speaches and actions ; for as Christ, having but twelue 
disciples, found one Judas among them, so can it hardly be but that there is sum 
false brother amongst you, who, though we doubt not but you will cary your- 
selues in such sort, as you nede not to care who be your eye witnesses of your 
actions, yet for that men that ar maliciously disposed wilbe redy to make the 
hardest constructions vpon the best text, you cannot behaue yourselues to circum- 
spectly. And so for other matters referring you to Mr. John Coivile, we make 
here an end ; beseching God to haue you (good cousins) alwayes in his blessed 
keping. From our manour of Grenewich, the xxii*^ day of ]March 1584, in the 
xxvii"' yere of our reign. 

Your lovinge assured cousin and frend, 

Elizabeth R. 

To our right trusty and right welbilouid cousins the Erles of Anguish and 
Marre and the Maister of Glams. 

25. Letter of Attorney by King James the Sixth in favour of 
Alexander Lindsay, Master of Spynie, for receiving ten thousand merks 
from William, ninth Earl of Angus. 16th August 1590. 


We, for diuers ressonable caussis and considerationis moving ws, haif maid and 
constitute, and be the tennour heirof, raakis and constitutis our familiare seruitour, 
Mr. Alexander Lindsay of Spynie, oure factour, commissioner, and procuratour. 


for ^vs, in our name, and vpon our behalff, to intromett with, vptak, ask, craift", 
and ressaue fra our richt traist cousing, Williame, Erie of Angus, Lord Douglas 
and Abirnetlue, etc., the sowme of ten thousand merkis, and that of the first and 
reddiest, of the rest of the sowme of threttie-f)^e thousand merkis quhilkis ar, or 
will be, restand awand be our said traist cousing to ws, be the decreit of the 
Lordis of our Counsall pronuucit thairupoun, vpoim the xiii day of August instant, 
and to dispone and imploy the same sowme, according to our directioun to be 
gevin to the said Mr. AJexander thairanent ; commanding heirfoir our said traist 
cousing, Williame, Erie of Angus, to reddelie ansuer, obey and mak thankfull 
payment of the foirsaid sowme of ten thousand merkis to the said Mr. Alexander, 
our factour foirsaid. and to nane vtheris ; and dischargeing him, be thir presentis, 
of all ansuering or making of payment thairof, nor of na pairt of the samin, ather 
to our thesaurer, comptrolleris, collectouris, nor to quhatsumeuir vther persone or 
personis. notmthstanding ony command, preceptis or chargeis gevin or to be gevin 
or directit to him thairupoun ; quhilk sowme foirsaid salbe thankfullie allowit to 
our said traist cousing. ■vpoun the sicht of the said Mr. Alexanderis acquittance, 
to be ressauit be him vpoun the payment thairof; quhilk acquittance and discharge 
we, be thir presentis, declair, will, and grant, salbe als sufficient to our said traist 
cousing as gif the samin war subscriuit and deliuerit be our selff ; with speciall 
and full power alsua, gif neid beis, to the said Mr. Alexander, our factour foirsaid, 
ather to rais lettres in his awin name, vpoun the foirsaid last decreit, as our 
factour foirsaid, or in our name, for chargeing and compelling our said traist 
cousing to mak payment to him of the sowme foirsaid, or vtherwayis to put 
quhatsumeuir lettres alreddie raisit, or to be raisit in our name, to executioun 
aganis our said traist cousing thairfoir ; and alsua commanding and chargeing, be 
thir presentis, our aduocat to concur and assist with the said Mr. Alexander, our 
factour foirsaid, in raising of lettres, chargeing and perscAving of our said traist 
cousing for making of payment of the foirsaid sowme to him, as he will ansuer to 
ws vpoun his obedience, be thir presentis, subscriuit with our hand at Stirling, 
the sextene day of August, the zeir of God i'^v*' fourescoir ten zeiris. 

Jajies R. 

J. T. Cancellarius. 


26. King Jaiies the Sixth to Dame Jean Lyon, widow of Archibald, 
eighth Earl of Angus, as to marrying Lord Spynie. [Circa 1590.] ^ 

Madaaie, as I haue na neu occasion, sa haue I na neu thing to writt at this 
present, excepe a neu tout in ane aulde home, as thay saye, thair])y to reneu unto 
you that quhilke I euer uishe to be neu in youre breist, quhill the parformance 
thairof ; I can use na other argumentis unto you then I used at my last speiking 
with you, and I trust I neid not to repeat the same, sen I take you to be als 
ueiluilling in that maitter as euer ye uas, and in a uord as he merites, quhaise 
bloode, quhaise affection, and quhaise credit uith me, I hope, be nathing inferioure 
to any that can suite you ; and in a' thing ame I suire he ouir passis thaime all, 
that quhaire in other folkis bestowing I ame but a consentair or assistaire, in 
this I ame the onlie actoure, solistaire, and bestouaire, quhom as I haue out of my 
auin veal beine uilling to bestou upon youris, sa neid jq not to doute I uill 
aduance him to sice degree as that place meritid. Madame, as my sonnet sayes, 
I ame, and man contineu best freind to you baith, sen sa is; for all othirs, ye neid 
the less to caire, ye are cum to parfite aage, and can gouuerue youreself. Now 
sen I ame sa constant in this maitter, and his affection sa laisting, I looke the 
constancy sail not inlayke at the thridd hande, quhilke otheruayes, as Godd forbidd, 
this maitter being sa publictlie brokkin furth as it is, ualde turne to my skome, 
his skaith, and youre small honoure. Fair ueill. 

He that uill and can best in this cause, 

James R. 

27, King James the Sixth to Dame Jean Lyon, widow of Archibald, eighth 
Earl of Angus, urging her marriage to Lord Spynie. [Circa 1590.]- 

MADAiiE, althocht the straitness of this tyme sa occupies me with affaires as I 
can neuer obtayne ane idle houre, yet in the uerrie middes thairof I ame compellid 
in haist to uritte to you thir feu lynes, that tyme be not tint on any hande. 
According to my promeis, I am resolute to aduance this mann of myne, quhome 
for I haue nou sa lang delt with you, to the ranke that ye was last joyned uithall, 
that ye may be matchid uith that ranke quhilke ye presentlie possess, and this 
uill I do uithout faill at the tyme of the solemnization of my mariage, as the 
proprest tyme for sice ane action ; and for prouyding him of a lining correspondent 
^ From Lithograph in the collection of the late Mr. Maidment. ^ /Jj(/. 


to that estait, I promeis you I sail omitt na possibilitie of tyme for doing tlie ane. 
als ueill as the other, quhairof the performing of this first sail be a certaine pledge. 
Nou, inadame, sen I anie thus wayes to play my pairt on the ane syde, T looke ye 
uill not tyne tj-me on the other pairt, as I liaue allreaddie said, and thairfor I man 
maist earnistlie request you, gif ye uill sa farr obleis me, as to testifie that ye do 
all this for ray sayke, as ye urett unto me, that then ye uill presently subscryue 
the contract and cause proclainie the bannis ; quhilke thing, as I assure myself, ye 
uill for my prosayke at this tyme parforme, sa may ye laye full accounte, that as 
I haue oft promeisit unto you, I sail euer remaine best freinde to you, baith be 
your patrone in all youre adoes, and reuenger of all tortis that any darr oft'er to 
ather of you ; and thus in haist I bidd you fair ueill. 

Youre best freinde, 

James R. 

To our right traist and weilbelouit the Countess of Angus Douarier. 

28. Order by KI^'G Jajies the Sixth to the Captain of Stirling Castle, 

to receive into ward William, IMaster of Angus. 29th June 1591. 

Capitane, constable, and keiparis of our castell of Streueling, we greit zou wele. 
It is our will, and we command zou, that, incontinent eftir the sicht heirof, ze 
ressaue Williame, Maister of Angus, in ward within our said castell, thairin to 
remaine vpoun his awin expenssis, ay and quhill he be fred and releuit be ws, as 
ze will ansuer to ws thairvpoun ; kepand thir presentis for zour warrand. Sub- 
scriuit with our hand, at our burgh of Perth, the penult day of Junij 1591. 

Ja]«es R. 

Tho. The^i"^- 

29. Order by King James the Sixth to the Provost and Bailies of 

Dundee, to detain in custody, or transport to Stirling, William, Master 
of Angus. 29th June 1591. 

Prouest and Baillies of our burgh of Dundie, we greit zou wele. It is our will, 
and we command zou, that, vpoun the sicht heirof, ze keip and detene Williame, 
Maister of Angus, in suirtie within his awin ludgeing, or ony vther convenient 
place within our said burgh, and on nawyis suffer him to depairt furth of the 


samin, quhill he find sufficient and responsale souirties to the contentment of ws 
and our Counsale, actit in the buikis of our Secreit Counsale, that he sail depairt 
furtlit of our realme witliin the space prescriuit to him, and not return agane 
within the samin during our will, vnder the pane of ten thowsand pundis, con- 
forme to the act and ordinance of our Counsale sett doun thairanent in all 
pointis. Or in cais ze will nocht retene and keip him in suirtie, as said is, that 
ze transport and cans him be transportit and couvoyit saifiie to our castell of 
Streueling, thairin to remaine vpoun his awin expenssis, ay and quhill he find 
sufficient souirtie to the efiect foirsaid, or be fred and releuit be ws, as ze wilbe 
ansuerable to ws, vpoun zour offices and obeydience, at zour vttermest perrell. 
Subscriuit with our hand, at our burgh of Perth, the penult day of Junij 1591. 

James R, 
Tho. The^'"'^- 

30, King James the Sixth to the Laird of Grant, requiring him to 
assist the Earl of Angus. 10th Xovember 1592. 

Right traist freinde, we greit yow hairtlie weill. The crueltyis and disordouris 
laitlie committit be the lawles brokin Hielandmen, of quhom the Eriis of Huntly 
and Atholl hes takin mantenance, hes sa brokin the cuntre, that grit numeris of 
honest and trew men ar in poyut of present wrak ; and baith thaj noblemen 
likly to perrell thameselffis and thair houssis, gif the gretar diligence be not vsed 
to stay thair intendit revengis : And in cais persuasioun can not presently move, 
thair being sic daunger in delay, we haue directit our richt traist cousigne and 
counsallour, the Erie of Angus, with commissioun and instructionis, to haue all 
thingis assuirit to ane day, or, incais of refuis be atlier of thame, to ioyne with 
the pairty maist reassounable and obedient, and hes directit our proclamationis for 
convening of our obedient subiectis to that effect ; desiring yow effectuuslie that 
ye faill not to addres yow to our said cousiug, the Erie off Angus, and assist him 
baith with your counsale and haill force that ye may mak, quhill this mater in 
hand may be setled according to our mynd and directioun gevun him, quhome ye 
sail fermly credite : And sa lippning to your effectuall dealing in this behalff, as 
ye luif quyetnes and abhorris cruelnes, and will do ws acceptable seruice, we 
committ yow in the protectioun of God. At Haliruidhous, the tent of Xouernber 
1592. James R. 

To our richt traist freind the Lard of Grant. 


31. King Jajies the Sixth to Willi.v.^i, tenth Earl of Angus, relative 
to the disturbances in the Highlands. 28th November 1592. 

Right traist cousing, we greit zow hertlie weill. Thinking that be this t}Tne 
ze vnderstand quhat obedience ze sail fynd with the contendand partiis in 
that north cuntrie, and heiring that the Erll of Huntlie meanis to obey our 
admonitioun and directioun send with zow, thay that hes comniittit the recent 
crueltiis, continewing obstinatlie in thair raige, without all feir of God and ws, 
and may work further mischeif, and waist the cuntrie, gif thay sail not be 
substanciouslie resisted and suppressit ; eftir consideratioun how the force convenit 
thair with zow ar not able to remane lang togidder, nor zit (being for the rnaist 
part lawland men) able [to] do greit harme to the rebelUs, sen our directioun to 
zow wes that ze suld joyne in persute or defence with the party obedient, aganis 
the vther continewing contemptuus and obstinat ; thairfore we think it expedient, 
and willis zow, that ze tak the force and pouer quhilk the Erll of Huntlie is able 
to mak in zour support and assistence to the persute and suppressing of the Clan- 
chattan and thair partakers, sa lang as convenientlie ze may remane in the cuntrie. 
Bot quhen necessarlie ze raon cum bak, that ze leif pouer and directioun to the 
Erll of Huntlie, or sic as ze sail think gude to name as deputis to zow, to 
prosequute the effect of zour commissioun be all meanis possible, for defence of 
the cuntrie from thair further crueltie and oppressioun, and thair dew pvnisment, 
as ze will do ws acceptable plesour and gude seruice : Thus we commit zou to God, 
at Halirudhous, the xxviii of Xouember 1592. Taatf- Tf 

To oure richt traist cousing and counsellour, the Erie of Angus, oure lieutenent 
in the Xorthe. 

32. King James the Sixth to William, tenth Earl of Angus, his 
Lieutenant in the North. 30th November 1592. 

Right traist cousing and counsallour, we greit zow hertlie weill. Vnderstand- 
ing, be zour lettre of the xxiij of this instant, frome Monymusk, off the 
ditficulties that ze find in this zour charge and negociatioun, we think indeid 
that ze haue guid occasioun to weary, wer [it] nocht in respect of ws, for quhome 
ze vndertuke the burding, for the weill and quietnes of the cuntrie trublit. 
and zour awin estimatioun and honour. We ar weill content to vnderstand be 


zow (jf the Erll of Huutlie's willing dispositioun to obey cure admonitioun 
and (lireotioun. As to the granting of relaxatioun to his freindis, wo haue 
resolutlie adiiysit with oure counsaill thairanent ; and eftir reassoning quhat 
wer ressonahle and expedient, at last this is our conclusion, that the assurance 
sail pas fordwart and be subscryuit in sic general! forme as we delyuerit it 
to zow, without exceptioun of personis being at the home on ather syd, 
sen vthcrwayis it culd scrue to na purpois ; and namelie, to draw on first a con- 
ference, and in end, a finall aggreuient, quhilk mon be embracit at sum tyme ; and 
nane of the partys wilhaue advantage be thair lang continewance in this forme 
of preceding. And becaus it may be hard to promeis and vndertak assurance 
for personis being at the home, for releving and clering of that doubt, we haue 
send zow heirwith oure declaratioun that the taking aud apprehending vnder this 
assurance of jiersonis being at the home, for quhatsumeuir caus, salbe na cryme, 
pane, nor danger to the principall parties assurand, nor thay nor nane vtheris salbe 
callit or accusit for thair ressett, supplie, or intercommoning with the personis at the 
home, fra the day of the subscryving of the assurance vnto the end and expyring 
thairof ; nor zit sail the same personis at the home be persewit, trublit, or inuadit, 
in the law or besyde the law, be ws or oure authoritie, during the tyme of the 
same assurance ; for vtherwayis, na assurance in sic a case as this is can be 
etfectuall, nor zit is it possible to do ony gude in the treaty for quyeting of sic a 
publict truble, gif thair salbe ony place or pretens left to the partys, during the 
same treaty, to be followand out privat revenges. This oure conclusioun in 
reasoun may weill satisfie baith the parties, and gevis nane of thame advantage 
or preiudice, saulfiing onlie a small tyme of abstinence frome cmeltie and 
vnlauchfull hostilitie, as we doubt nocht vpouu conference with thame baith, ze 
and thay will considder. And sa we commit zow in the protectioun of Almichtie 
God, at Halyruidhous, the last day of Nouember 1592. TAAfFs P 

To oure richt traist cousing and counsellour the Erll of Angus, oure Lieutenent 
in the northe. 

33. Anne of Denmark, Queen of James the Sixth of Scotland [address 
wanting], complaining of the Chancellor, etc. 6th January 1592. 

MoNSroUR MON Cousin, — Xous croyons bein que vous n'estes pas ignorant comme 
sa maieste mon treschere marie est abusee, ces nobles disestimees, I'eglise mal 
pourueu, et toute le royaulme mal gouernee, par I'auarice, peruerse et subtile 

/ ^i-onioaf tnon Coufiti, jSious croxfom hua 
auc ni)otis n'efia fias^'u] noran^ comrne s^^J^'l^i^^ , 
mon trcscocre manc 7^ nftifi, ca ntfles ijJi^Q 

PP. r.r ., uiriifi/ ?t tout if royauiTK . 
nun, UniiSi mal vourueu , a uu -1/ ^ r » 

.-- y , ^ /". ^^., „/ ciiih/f , 


■ rnaCmuernec, mr fauanu jerucrse d Suht 
jJfU-^uJ nmsj,n,m<< ^rto»«>*'> 


Smf^mint pour Sinuncer fjjfnfwn inter".. j 


trechnre rnane ct mii^^ jm ^^"- - 

^Jdr^'ous aco^rer. en S^mnl Ser.a 
fal<fi pour coorin roy d hjdru c^^ 

tion fu porieur mmd noii^ c-uousjnmsa 

^cx^V U^^^rac. pnms-fiUu ^n. ^-^^ 

' tjracoji' 

/VLoafmr I^ ^'ous^aam en Sn Sanidi 



practises du chancellier qui auecq sa femme iuter aiiltres leurs faictes, ont prins 
la harJiesse de nous scandalizer, du faict peu nagueves commise par le couute du 
Boithwell et aultres ccs associes, lequel estaiit chose d'honiieur n'est moins cbere 
a nous que nostre vie propre, parquoy nous sonimes deliberes de I'auoir reparee ; 
ot a cest effect ayant requis I'aduise de ce porteur en quel nous nous bein confions 
ot nous a declare vostre authorite qualitees et moj-ennees. Surquoy nous n'esti- 
mions person de cest payes estre plus propre et hable a nous assister en cest chose ; 
auquel respect nous vous prions et requirons affectuusment, pour les faueur et 
amour que portes a vostre prince et payes, du puruoir auecq I'aduise des nobles et 
aultres qui bon vous semblera que sa Maieste et son estat soyit niieulx assuree, 
I'eglise pourueu, et le payes soulagee, et I'iniure aussy a nos faist reparee, lequel 
nous sommes certaines fute faict, seulement pour semineer dissention iuter 
nostre trescliere marie et nous, pour donner au chancellier moyen plus facile de 
faire toutcs choses a son gree. En quoy faisant, aultre I'hault honneur, Monsieur, 
qui vous acquireres en si grand seruice faict pour vostre roy et le patrie, vous 
nous feres un signal et particulier plasir, que durau nostre vie n'oblirons point. 
Remittant le surplus a vostre bonne discretion et plus ample information du 
porteur, auquel nous vous prions donner foy et creance entier, sur ce nous recom- 
maudant a vostre bonne grace, prions le bonne Dieu toute puissant Monsieur, de 
vous auoir en sa saincte garde. De nostre Palice de Sanct Croix, le sixieme de 
Janueir 1592. 

^^ — ^ re bem porme amy 



Cousin, — "We well believe you are not ignorant that his Majesty, my very 
dear husband, is deceived, the nobility unhonoured, the Church ill provided for, 
and the whole kingdom ill governed, through the avarice, perverse and subtle 
practices of the Chancellor, who, with his lady, among their other actions, have 

had the presumption to speak evil of us, in connection with the outrage recently 
committed by the Earl of Bothwell and his accomplices ; which being a matter 
of honour, is not loss dear to us than our own life. Wherefore, Ave are resolved 
to have it retrieved ; and tu that effect, have requested the advice of tlie 
bearer, in whom we have entire confidence, and who has made known to us 
your authority, good qualities, and resources. Besides, we consider a person 
belonging to this country to be more proper and suitable to assist us in that 
matter ; in respect to which we entreat and require you affectionately, for the 
favour and affection which you bear to your prince and country, to provide, with 
the advice of the nobles and others as shall seem good to you, that his 
Majesty and his kingdom may be better established, the Church provided fur, 
and the country relieved, and the injury done to us likewise repaired, which we 
are confident has been done solely with the view of sowing dissension betwe-.-n 
our very dear husband and ourselves, in order to afford the Chancellor gi-eater 
facilities for arranging everything to suit his own views. In doing which, besides 
the high honour. Sir, which you will acquire in rendering so great a service 
to your king and country, you will do us a signal and particular pleasure, which, 
while we live, we will not forget. Remitting the rest to your good discretion 
and to the more ample information of the bearer, to whom we pray you to give 
entire trust and confidence, we commend us to your good favour, praying the 
Almighty God to have you in his holy keeping. From our Palace of Holyrood- 
house, the 6th of January 1592. 

Your very good friend, 

Anna R. 

34. Licence by King James the Sixth to remove William, ]\L\ster 
OF Angus, suffering from an accident, to be under the care of his 
Mother, the Countess of Angus. 6th October 1597. 


We, vnderstanding that our cousing, Williame, Maister of Angus, hes laitlie, 
vpoun accident, fallin and broken his thie bayne, and that he can not be sa weill 
handillit and awaittit on, the tyme of his diseas, as with our cousinace, the Lady 
Angus, his moder, quha being presentlie great with chyld, is verray desvTous to 
se him for that effect ; thairfoir, we haue gevin and grantit, and be tliir our 
lettres gevis anJ grantis licence to our richt traist cousing, Williame, Erll of 
Angus, be himselff or his seruandis, to transport the said Williame Maister of 



Angus, his sone, furth of the Xewhous, north to his moder, to remayne with hir 
for his bettir handilling, quhiU the spring tyme of this .eir ; and that without 
any cryme, skaith pane or danger to be incurrit be our said cousing, Williame 
Eril of Angus, thairthrow, in his persoun, hxndis, or guidis, nochtwithstandin^: 
quhatsumeuir act, band, or promeis maid in the contrair : Anent the ouhilkis anS 
panis thairm contenit, we dispence be thir presentis. Subscriuit with our hand 
and gevm vndir our siguett, at Linlythqw, the sext day of October, and of ou^ 
regnne tlie xxxi zeir, 1597. t ^ 

James R. 
Levingstane. Lenox. 

R Lord Setoun. Glencairne. 

Trakquair. Blantyre. 

M. T. Hamilton. CP Eeo-". 

Carmychall. M*- G. Zoung. 

This lettre presentyt and registrat the day within writtin. 

M'' Robert Young. 

35. Commission by King J.oies the Sixth to William, tenth Earl of 
Angus, to bring to trial Thomas and Robert Park for the murder of 
vV illiam "\\ eir. 1 6th January 1597. 

James, be the grace of God, King of Scottis, till all and sindrie our lie^^es and 
subiectis quhom it effeiris, to quhais knawlege thir our lettres sail cum, greeting 
\\ It ze ws, vnderstanding that Thomas Park, and Robert Park his sone, quha ar 
culpabill of sindrie maist odious and detestabill crymes, and specialie of the recent 
cruell murthour and slaughter of vmquhile Williame Weir, sone to Walter Weir 
of I^ewtone, hantis and repairis publictlie in sindrie partis of our realme to the 
greit contempt of ws and our authoritie ; thairfoir, to haif maid, constitute and 
ordanit, and be thir presentis makkis, constitutes, and ordanis our rycht 'trest 
cousmg and counsalour, Williame, Erie of Angus, Lord Dowglas, Abirnethie 
oure Justice m that pairt, to the effect vnderwritten ; gevand, grantand and' 
committand to him full power and commissioun to pas, searche, seik, tak and 
apprehend the saidis Thomas and Robert Parkis, and, being takin, to tak diligent 
tryell and inquisitioun, be examinatioun and vtherwayis, that thair complices ''and 
partakaris may be knawin ; and to that effect to put thame to torturis vpoun sic 
vehement presumptionis and manifest apperancis as sail be fund be thair exami- 
nationis or vther indifferent probatioun to be takin for tryell of the trewthe • and 
6 ' 

thaireftir, to put thame to the knawlege of ane assys or assyssis for the saidis 
crymes, court or courtis neidfull for that effect, within the Castell of Dowglas, or 
ony vther pairt or place the said Erie sal think maist expedient, to set, begin, 
affix, afferrae, hald and continew, als oft as neid beis, inquest or inquestis neidfull, 
ilk persoun vnder the pane of xl lb. to sumniond and caus compeir, and with 
powar to mak clarkis, seriandis, denipstaris and all vtheris officiaris and meraberis 
of court neidfull ; as alsua to vplift all vnlawis, amerciamentis and escheitis of the 
saidis courtis, the ane half thairof to ws, and the vther half to his awin vse for 
his labouris to apply. And as the saidis malefactouris sail be fundin culpabill or 
innocent, to do and caus be done justice vpoun thame, conforme to the lawis and 
practik of our realme ; and generalie all and sindrie vther thingis to do, exerce 
and vse, that to the office of justiciarie in sic caissis that law or conswetude of 
this realme necessar ar knawin to pertene, or that we mycht do our self thairin, 
and we war personale present. Be thir our lettres gevin vnder our signet, and 
subscryuit with our hand, at Haliruidhous, the sextine day of Januar, the zeir of 
God j°W^lxxxxvii zeris, and of our regne the xxxj zeir. 

James R. 

M. J. Elphinstoun, Secret. 

36. LiCENX'E by King James the Sixth to William, tenth Earl of 
Angus, to remain at home from the muster of the Army against the 
Rebels. 1597. 
We, be the tennour heirof, gevis and grantis our licence to our richt traist cousing 
and counsallour, Williame Erie of Angus, his houshald, men, tennentis. seruandis, 
and dependaris, to remane and byde at hame fra our present oist and armey, 
apointit to convene and meit ws at our burrowis of Lanerk and DrumfrPis, vpoun 
the secund and thrid dayis of Noueinber nixtocum, and to remane and attend 
vpoun ws the space of threttie dayis, for persute of our rebellious subiectis in the 
west marche, without ony pane, cryme, skaith, or dangeir to be incurrit be our 
said cousing and his foirsaidis thairthrow in thair personis, landis, giidis, or geir. 
nochtwithstanding quhatsumeuir our actis, statutis, or proclamationis maid or to 
be maid in the contrair; quhairanent, and all p;\nes contenit thairintill, we 
(lispens bo thir presentis. Gevin vndir our signet, and subscriuit with our hand, 
at the day of and of our reignne the xxxi zeir, 1597. 

James R. 


37. LETfER, King James the Sixth to John, second Earl of Mar, as to 
lease of the Crawford-Lindsay teinds, wrongly given to the Earl of 
Angus. Whitehall, 30th October 1612.^ 

Jainies R. 
Right trusty and right weilbeloued cosen and counsellour, wee greete yow well. 
Whereas the long possessioun of teyndis is generally by oure subiectis there estimed 
to give them a kynd of heretable right to the same, they payeing at the expireing 
of their takes a reasonable sowme for the renewing thereof, it hath bene therefore 
in vs (to your knowledge) a verie olde song, to wishe the kyndlie takesmen, at the 
expireing of their tackes (even vpoun easier conditionis), to be to all others preferred, 
thinking it ane vnconscionable thing (howsoevir it be in extremitie of law 
permissible) to dispossesse them of the same, and knowing that the vse thereof 
(being indeade ane covert oppressioun) hath from tv-me to tyme produced greate 
occasioun of quarrell and contentioun amongst oure subiectis, cheflie where there 
hath bene any preceiding ground of quarrell betwene the old possessor and new 
takesman. Therfore, and becaus wee are informed that yow and the remanent 
curatouris of the Lord Halirudhouse (now your pupill) have of late sett a take of 
the teyudes of Craufurd Lyndesay to the Earle of Angus, notwithstanding that 
the same have bene these fourtene scoir of yeares in the continuall possessioun of 
Johne Carmichell of Medoflatt and his predecessouris, and that the said Johne did 
e\dr offer to yow the performance of all that in reson could be required for renewing 
his takes of the same, wee have hereby thoght good earnestly to desire yow, in 
regaird of his so long kyndnes to the saidis teyndes, and that his tackes thereof 
are not as yett expired, to grant him a new take thereof, for performance of such 
conditionis as the said take maid, to the Earle of Angus is granted vpon, and that 
yow will likewayes, vpoun reasonable conditionis, renew his tacke of his teyndes of 
Pittinen, held of }our erected abliacy of Drybrugh, wherein exspecting that your 
satisfactioun of oure desires shall manifest that respect whiche yow carry to oure 
earnest recommendationis, we bid yow farewell. From oure Courte at Whitehall, 
the penult of October 1612. 

To oure right trusty and right welbeloued cosen and counsellour the Earle of 

^ Original in the Earl of Mar and Kellies Charter-chest. 


38. The Same to The Same, intimating a grant of the escheat of Gask 
to William, eleventh Earl of Angus. Theobalds, 4th October IGIO.^ 

James R. 
RiGHTE trustie and righte welbeloued cosen and counsellour, wee greete you well. 
AVhert'as "Williame Olyphant of Gask, being for the vnhappie slaughter of Dauid 
Tosheoch of Moniuaird denunced our rebelle, so as his eschete and liferent are 
fallen into our handes and at our disposition, wee haue thoughte good by these 
presentes to wille and require you to expede our grant of tlie same to our cosen the 
Earle of Angus before anie other, he paying (according to the custome) a reasonable 
composition for the same ; and not doubting of your readie conformitie to our 
pleasour in this point, wee bid you farewell. Giuen at our Mannour of Theobaldes, 
the 4th day of October 1619. 

To our righte trustie and righte welbeloued cosen and counsellour, the Earle 
of Mar, our treasorer of Scotlande. 

39. The Sa3IE to The Sa3ie, that the escheat of Meadowflat has been bestowed 
on "William, eleventh Earl of Angus. Royston, 21st October 1622."^ 

James R. 
Righte trustie and righte welbeloued cosen and counsellour, wee greete you well. 
Whereas wee, for certej-ne important reasons, haue bene well pleasd to bestow 
the eschete of the Earle of Lowthiane (in so far as the same may be extended to 
the liferent eschete of Sir John Carmichael of Medoflat) on our trustie and wel- 
beloued cousing, William, Erie of Angus, etc., wee haue likewyse thoughte good by 
these presentes to require yow to giue way to oure said guifte, that our 
signature thereof may be exped throughe oure seales with conuenient expedition ; 
and not doubting of your readie conformitie to this our pleasour, wee bid yow 
farewell. Giuen at Royston, the one and twentyth day of October 1622. 

To our righte trustie and righte welbeloued cosen and counsellour, the Earle 
of Mar, our treasorer of our kingdome of Scotland. 

* Original in the Earl of Mar and Kellie's Charter-cheat. 
« Ibid. 


40. Licence by King Charles tue First to Archibald, Lord Douglas, 
to depart forth of the Kingdom. 28th March 1G33. 
Charles K. 
Charles, be the grace of God, King of Great Britane, France, and Ireland, 
Defender of the Faith, to all and sindrie our lieges and subjects whome it etleirs, 
to whois knowledge thir our iettres sail come, greeting. Forsaraeekle as we have 
givin and grantit, and be the tennour heirof, gives and grants our (licence) to our 
traist cousine, Archibald Lord Douglas, to depart and pas furth of our realmes and 
dominions to whatsomever parts beyond sea he pleases, and to remaine furth 
thairof for doing his leasome effairs and bussines, for the space of three yeeres 
nixt after the dait heirof, without pane, cryme, or danger to be incurred be him 
thairthrow, in his person or goods, notwithstanding whatsomever our acts, statuts, 
and proclamations made in the contrare ; whereanent, and all panes conteanit 
therein, we dispense be thir presents ; thairfoir we doe heirby discharge our Justice, 
Justice-clerk, and thair deputs, and all others our judges, officiars, and ministers 
of our laAves, present and to come, and thair deputs, of all calling, accusing, or anie 
wayes proceeding aganis the said Lord, or intrometting with him, his goods or 
geir, for the premisses, discharging thame thairof, and of thair offices in that 
part, simpliciter, be thir presents : Pro\yding alwayes, that the said Lord, during 
his absence and remaining furth of our realmes and dominions, behave himselfe 
as ane dewtifull and obedient subject, and doe nor attempt nothing in hurt nor 
prejudice of ws, our realmes and dominiouns, nor the trew religioun presentlie 
profest within the same ; otherwayes this our licence to be of nane availl, force 
nor effect. Givin vnder our signet at HaljTudhous, the xxviii day of Marche, 
and of our raigne the nynt yeere, 1633. 

Airthe. Erskyne. 

Hadinton. Jo. Isles. 


Linlithgow. Ad. B, of Dunblane, 

4L King Charles the Second to the Chancellor and Treasurer 
of Scotland, in reference to the education of James Lord Angus. 
28th December 1682. [Extract.] 
Charles R. 
Right trusty and right well beloved cousins and counseDors, we greet you well 
Being informed that the Lord Angus is in a private place within some miles of 


London, and haveing a more than ordinary concern in his education, both upon 
the account of his imniediat descent from the most hjyall and ancient family of 
Douglass (by which so many and signall services have been performed to our 
royall predecessors for many ages), and of the earnest desire we have that, in case 
of his liveing to represent it, he may not in his younger years be corrupted with 
ill principles, we have thought fit hereby to authorize and require you jointly to 
speak with his father, the Marques of Douglass, and to know from him to whose 
care he has committed a trust of so great importance to our service and to himself, 
as is that of his son's education, at so great a distance from all his relations, 
to the end that if, upon notice thereof from you, we shall not have reason to be 
therewith well satisfied, we may order a better course to be taken in reference to 
his breeding. It is our will and pleasure that you call for, from the Marques, and 
transmit unto us, an account of the present condition of his estate, particularly of 
the burden of debts wherewith it stands affected, and of the true extent of his 
yearly rent, both reall and casuall ; as also of the courses (if any be) set doun 
for the discharge of those debts, wherein you are to take the as.sistance of some 
of the nearest relations of that family. For truely we have so great a regard, 
not only to the standing thereof, but also to its continuance in a splendid and 
plentiful condition, as we cannot but highly concern ourselfe in the right raann- 
agement of their fortune, wherein, as well as in that of the Lord Angus his 
education, we will signify our further pleasure, after our receiveing an account of 
your diligence in what we do now so earnestly recommend to your care, and 
with it we desire to have your opinion in reference to what is fit to be ordered 
by us thereupon. So we bid you heartily farewell. Given at our Court at 
^Vhitehall, the 28th day of December 1682, and of our reign the 34th year. 

By his Majesty's command, 


Edinburgh, 25th August 1714. — This is a true copy of tlie King's letter 
enclosed in his Majesty's letter of the 21st June 1684. — Examin'd by W. Bowles, 
Rem. Regis, per ordinem Curie. 

42. The Same to The Same, in favour of James, Marquis of Douglas. 

Windsor Castle, 16th June 1684. 

Charles R. 

Right trusty and right weel beloved cousines and counsellors, etc., wee greet 

yow well. Although we have not for many yeares, as you doe very weell know, 

interposed with you ia the behalfe of any of our owno subjects, by reasone of the 
enteir confidence which we iiave in your justice to all who have occassione to 
make applicatione unto you for the same, yet being infonued that our right 
trusty and right weelbeloved cousin an<l counsellor, James, Marqueis of Dowglas, 
hes, or is shortly to have, some suits of great importance to the weell and 
standing of his family depending befoir vow, wee are soe senceible of the great 
meritts and loyalty of his family, and of their sutTerings for the same (to which 
he has added his own constant attendance and zeall in our service wpon all occas- 
siones), as wee cannot forbear (even in this extraordinar maner) to recommend 
those his concerns to as favorable and speedy a dispatch from yow as may consist 
with law and justice, seeing a delay will prove a very great prejudice to that 
family, for whose Aveel-being we have reasone to have ane particular regaird : 
And therfor we doubt not but yee will be at more than ordinary pains to bring 
his affairs befoir you to a speedy conclusione ; which wee will take well at your 
hands, and now bid you harty farewell. Given at our Court at Windsor Castell, 
the 16th day of June 1G84, and of our reigne the 36 yeir. By his Majestie's 
command, MoRRAY. 

43, The Same to The Same, as to the education of James Lord Angus. 
Windsor Castle, 21st June 1G8-4. [Extract.] 

Charles R. 
Right trusty and right well beloved cousins and counsellors, wee greet you well. 
Whereas by our letter of the 28th day of December 1682, we did, upon the con- 
siderations therein mentioned, earnestly recommend unto the particular care of 
you, our treasurer, and the Earle of Aberdeen, our late cliaucellor, not only the 
care of the education of the Lord Angus, but also an inspection to be taken into 
the condition of his father, the IMarques of Douglass his estate. And haveing 
still the same regard which we did then (as well as lately in our letters to the 
Lords of our Privy Council and the Lords of Session) express for the well and 
standing of that noble, ancient, and loyall family of which he is descended, we 
have now thought fit earnestly to recommend unto you the effectual execution of 
our pleasure mentioned in our said letter (whereof we have ordered a copy to be 
sent you herein inclosed), as a matter of great importance to our service ; and to 
the end you may be the more enabled to give us hereafter a good account of the 
said Lord Angus his breeding, we do hereby authorize and require you, our 

treasurer principall, to pay or cause to be paid yearly, towards the expense of his 
education, the sume of two hundercd pounds sterline, out of the first and readiest 
of our rents, revenues, customes and casualtys of that our kingdome, at such 
times, to such persons, and in such manner as to you shall seem most proper for 
that effect. And it is our further pleasure that you both (with the assistance of 
such of the nearest relations of that family as you think fit to call) give us a 
speedy account of the present condition of the said Marques his estate, pursuant 
to our letter already mentioned, which we do again earnestly recomend to both 
your cares. And so we bid you heartily farewell. Given at our Court at 
Windsor Castle, the 21st day of June 16S4, and of our reign the 36th year. 

By his Majesty's command, 


Edinburgh, 2.5th August 1714. — Vera copia, examinata per W. Bowles, Rem. 
Eeg^, per ordinem Curie. 

44. King Jajvies the Seventh to the Chancellor and the Lords Com- 
missioners OF THE Treasury of Scotland, as to the education of 
Lord Angus. Whitehall, March 1685-6. [Copy.] 

Eight trustie and right wellbeloved cusine and councellors, etc., wee greet you 
well. Whereas, by our letter of the 7th of January last, wee did authorize and 
require our then thesaurer to pay unto the Lord Angus soe much as remains in 
arrier of the 200 lib. sterling yearly, ordered by our most entirely beloved royall 
brother, of ever blessed memory, towards the expence of his educatione, conforme 
to his said Majestie's letter bearing date 21st June 1684, and morover, did also 
ordor our then thesaurer therwith to pay unto the said Lord Angus ane year's 
allowance (beeing 200 lib.) by way of advance. 

It is now our will and pleasure, and wee doe herby authorize and require you, 
in regaird of his absence furth of the kingdome, presently to cause the said two 
hundreth pound sterling of advance to be payed to his father the Lord Marques 
of Douglas, and to pay or cause to be payed to him, the said Lord Marques of 
Douglas, soe much of the said arrears of his said sone's yearly allowance aforesaid 
as was due att the granting of our said letter of the 7th of January last, unles the 
same was since payed by our then thesaurer, or any other by his warrand. And 
it is our further will and pleasure that soe much of the said yearly allowance a.s 
shall become due efter the said 200 lib. sterling of advance, be payed from tyme 


to tyme herefter dureing our Eoyall pleasure only to the said Lord Marques of 
Douglas, for the said Lord Angus his use and behove. And for doeing all which, 
these presents (togither with the said Lord ^Marques his receipt from tyme to 
tyme) shall be to you and all others respective who shall be therin concerned, 
and particularly the Lords Auditors of your accompts, for allowing of the same, 
aue sufficient warrand; and soe we bid you heartily farewell. Given att our Court 
at Whythall, the day of March 1G8^-, and of our reigne the second 


By his Majestie's command. 

Dorso : Double of his Majestie's letter to the Earl of Perth, Lord High 
Chancellor of Scotland, and to the Lords Commissioners of the Thesaurie 
of the said kingdome. 

45. Letter by Kixa James the Seventh to the Lords of the Scottish 
Treasury, relative to the education of James, Lord Angus. Whitehall, 
2 2d October 1686. [Extract.] 

James R. 

Right trusty, etc., we greet you well. Whereas our most dearly beloved royall 
l)rother (of ever blissed memory), by his letter bearing date the 21st day of June 
1681 [4], was graciously pleased to authorize and require the Duke of Queensberry, 
his then treasurer of that our kingdome, to haue paid, or caused to have been paid 
yearly, towards the expense of the Lord Angus bis education, the sume of two 
hundered pounds sterline money, whereof also by our letter to him of the 31st 
October 1685, out of the speciall regard we have to the well and standing of his 
person and family (in consideration of the great and acceptable services performed 
by his predecessors to the crown for many ages), we are graciously pleased to 
continue the yearly payment untill we shall think fit to discharge the same ; 
and whereas by our letter to our said late treasurer, bearing date at Whitehall, the 
7th day of January last past, we were pleased to require him to pay, or cause to 
be paid, unto the said Lord Angus, so much of the said yearly allowance of two 
hundered pounds sterline as did then remain in arrear since the same was first 
granted by our most entirely beloved royall brother aforsaid, and moreover 
therewith to pay unto him one year's allowance (being two hundered pounds 
sterline) by way of advance ; and we, being informed now that no part of the 
said arrear or advance money is paid, notwithstanding of the reiterated orders 



aforsaid for that effect, it is our express will and pleasure, and we do hereby 
authorize and require you, out of the first and readiest of our rents, revenues, 
customes, and casualtys whatsover of that our ancient kingdome, furthwith to pay 
or cause to be paid unto the said Lord Angus, so much of the said yearly 
allowance of two hundered pounds sterline as remains in arrear since the same 
was first granted by our most entirely beloved royall brother aforsaid ; and 
moreover, therewith to pay presently unto him one year's allowance (being two 
hundered pounds sterline money) by way of advance ; the speedy performance of 
both which we do hereby recommend to your particular care as that which will 
be very acceptable unto us. And for your so doing the same, these presents 
(togither with his receipt for the said sumes) shall be to you and all others 
respectively who may be therein any way concerned, particularly to the Lords 
Auditors of your accompts, for allowing the same, a sufficient warrant. So we 
bid you heartily farewell. Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 2 2d day of 
October 1686, and of our reign the second year. 

By his Majesty's command, 


Edinburgh, 25th August, 1714, — Vera copia, examinata perW. Bowles, Rem. 
Regis, per ordinem Curie. 

46. Queen Anne to the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, to 
pay the annualrent of £1000 to Lady Jean Wemyss, Countess of 
Angus and Countess of Sutherland. Windsor, 29th March 170G. 

Anne R. 

Right trusty, etc., wee greett yow weell. Wheras wee, considering that our 
weell beloved cousine, Jean Countess of Southerland, was infeft by the deceased 
Earle of Angus, her husband, in a house and some lands lying near our Pallace 
of Holyroodhouse, as a pairt of her joyntoure, and wee, understanding that 
our royall unkle, King Charles the Second, of ever blissed memory, after his 
restauratione in the year 16 GO, did give back the said house and lands to the use 
of the Bishope and Dean of Edinburgh, to whom they hade formerly belonged, 
and, in lieu and in compensatione therof, was gratiously pleased to give warrand 
to the then Lords of the Thesaury for payment to her of 1000 lib. sterling, and 
annualrents therof during her life; and wee being informed that the payment 


of the said annualrent hes been discontinued for some tyme, as also our royall 
brother, Kin- William, did give warrand for payment of what should be restin- too 
her of the annualrent of the said principall soume ; and being gratiously resolved 
not only to make the said yearly annualrent effectuall to her for the future, but 
also to pay the same for the time bygone since our accession to the Croune • 'it is 
theifore oure will and pleasure, and wee doe heirby authorise and require yow 
furthwith to pay, ore cause to be payed, to the said Jean Countess of Southerland 
ore any having her order, bygone anuualrents of the said principall soume of 
1000 hb. sterling, since oure accessione to the Croune; and that furder yow 
make good and punctuall payment to her of the same, yearly and termely heir- 
after during her life time. For doeing wherof, these presents, togeither with her 
receitt, or the receitt of ony having her order, shall be to yow and all others any 
wayes concerned, and particularly to the Lords Auditors of your accompts for 
allowing the same, a sufficient warrant. Given at oure Court at Windsore, 29 th 
of March 1706, and of oure reigne the fifth year. 

By her Majestie's command, 

Extracted by James Mackenzie. 

Dorso : A coppie of the Queen's letter for pa>Tnent of the interest of a thou- 
sand pounds sterling, as the rent of St. Ann's Yeards to the Countess of 
Southerland, of hir jointure. 1 706. 


47, Egbert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, The Steward of Scotland, 
"William Douglas, and others, submitting to the English King. 
Irvine, 9th July [1297].^ 

A tutz iceaus, qi ceste lettre verrunt ou orrunt, Robert de Brus, counte de Carrik, 
Jeames seneschal de Escoce, Alisaundre de Lindeseie, Johan frere le seueschal, e 
William de Douglas salutz en Jesu Crist. Coneue chose seit a vous tutz, qe com 
nous ensemblement ove la comune de nos pais, esteioms levez encountre nostre 
seingnur Monsire Edward, par la grace de Dieux, Roys de Engleterre, seingnur 
de Irelaunde, e dux de Gwyene ; e encountre sa pees eioms, en sa seingnurie en 
sa terre de Escoce e de Gauweie, iait arsons homecides, e divers roberies e . . . 
estre fait par nous e par les nos. Nous pur nous, e pur tuz iceaus qi de nous furent 
adhers, de la dite comune, a ceo fayre, estre tenuz e sousmis a la volente nostre 
seingnur le Roys avauntdit, a fayre les araendes haut e bas, a sa volente des ditz 
homecides, arsons e roberies. Sauve a nous les pointz contenuz en uu escrit le 
quel nous avoms de Monsire Henri de Percy, e Monsire Robert de Clifforth, 
cheventeins de I'ost au noble Roy de Engleterre es parties de Escoce. En 
tesmoinaunce de queu choses a cest escrit avoms mis nos seaus. Escrit a Irewin, le 
noevime jour du mois de Juyl en le an del regne le Reys Edward vintime quint. 

[Indorsed] : Les lettres le Counte de Carrik et d'autres d'Escoce par les queles 
il se mettent a la volunte le Roi, en droit des trespas qu 11 firent au 
Roy en Escoce, etc. 


To all those who shall see or hear this letter, Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, 
James, Steward of Scotland, Alexander Lindsay, John, brother of the Steward, 
and William of Douglas, greeting, in Jesus Christ. Be it known to you all, that 
as we, together with the community of our country, have risen against our lord. 
Sir Edward, King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Guienne, and against 

^ Palgrave's Historical Documents, p. 197, No. cix. 


his peace, have in his lordsliip and land of Scotland and of Galloway, committed 
arson, murders, and divers robberies, and caused the same to be done by us and 
ours : We, for ourselves and for all those of the said community who have 
adhered to us in this matter, are bound, and submit to the will of our Lord the 
King aforesaid, to make full amends at his pleasure for the said murders, arson, 
and robberies ; reserving the points contained in a writing which we have of Sir 
Henry Percy and Sir Robert Clifford, commanders of the army of the noble 
King of England in the parts of Scotland. In witness of which things, we have 
affixed our seals to this writing, written at Irvine, the 9th day of July, in the 
25th year of King Edward [1297]. 

[^Indorsed] : The letters of the Earl of Carrick and others of Scotland, by 
which they submit themselves to the will of the King in respect of the 
trespass they had committed against the King in Scotland. 

48. Sir James, Lord of Douglas, granting safe-conduct to Sir Eichard 
Topclif to come to Jedburgh. Etybredcheles, Gth December 1321.^ 

A TOUTZ ceux que ceste lettre verrount ou orrunt, James Seigneur de Douglaz 
salutz. Sachiez mei avoir done et grauntee sauve et seur condut a Thomas 
[Richard] de Topclif et un compaynoun ove lui, et lour garsouns, salvement de 
vener dedenz les parties d'Escoce a Geddeworth, salvement demorier, venir, et 
repeirer. Par qei jeo pri a toutz noz amys, et comaund a totes mes gentz qil ne 
facent mal, moleste, ne destourbance au dit Sir Richard ne a soun compaynoun, ne 
a lour biens, en venaunt, demoraunt, n'en repeiraunt, ne soefrent estre fait a lour 
poer. En tesmoignaunce de quele chose, a ceste presente lettre ai mys moun seal 
duraunt tanqe a la feste Seint Hiller procheiu apres la fesoun de cestes. Escrit 
a Etybredcheles le dymaj-ne en la feste Saint Nicholas, I'an de grace M.cccxxi. 


To all those who shall see or hear this letter, James Lord of Douglas, greeting. 
Know that I have given and granted safe and sure conduct to Sir Richard of 
Topclif, and one companion with him, and their attendants, safely to come within 
the parts of Scotland to Jedburgh, safely to abide, come, and return ; for which I 

* Palgrave's Parliamentary Writs, Part II. Appendix, p. 195. 


pray all my friends, and command all my raon, that they do no evil, hurt, nor 
disturbance to the said Sir liichard nor his companion, nor their goods, in comin^r, 
abiding, or returning, nor to the best of their power suffer such to be done. In 
witness of which thing, to this present letter I have set my seal, to endure till the 
feast of St. Hilary next after the doing hereof. Written at Etybredcheles, the 
morning of the feast of St. Nicholas [6th December], the year of grace 1321. 

49. James Lord of Douglas to Thomas Earl of Lancaster, addressed 
to him as King Arthur, [ijlrca 1322.]^ 

Salutz come a lui mesmos. Sire sachez qe le portour de cestes vient ou il nous 
quida avoir trovez le vij jour de Feverer, mes il nous ne trova mie illeux, par qei 
11 ne purra mie estre responduz des bosoignes, avaunt le xvij jour du dit mois, pur 
certeyne resoun la quele il purra dire. E nous avoms mis la lettre de condut 
par lui. E en dreit del liu ou la parlaunce se purra mieuz faire, a ceo qil nous 
semble le portour de cestes vous dirra de bouche. E sil vous plest de vener an 
dit liu, ou aillour ou il vous semble, nous certefiez vj jours devaunt. Adieu. 

[EntitlecT] : Le transescrit dune lettre close ensele du seal Sir James Douglaz, 
entitlee en la cue, au Roi Arthur. 


Greeting as to himself Sir, know that the bearer of these presents came 
where he thought to have found us on the 7th day of February', but he did 
not find us there, wherefore he could not be answered as to the business before 
the 1 7th day of said month, for a certain reason which he can tell you ; and 
we have sent the letter of conduct by him. And in regard to the place where 
the conference may best be held, the bearer of these presents will tell you by 
word of mouth what seems good to us ; and if it may please you to come 
to that place, or otherwise where it seems good to you, let us know six days 
previous. Adieu. 

[Indorsed] : The copy of a closed letter sealed with the seal of Sir James 
Douglas, addressed on the tag to King Arthur. 

^ Palgrave's Parliamentary Writs, Part 11. Appendix, p. 196. 


50. [Sir Ja3IES of Douglas] to Sir Ealph Neville, intimating the arrival 
of himself and others at Poutefract. \_Ciixa 1322.] ^ 

Salutz. Sire, pur aqunes bosoignes qe nous touchent, vous pri qe vous me 
maundez Richard Thirlewall auxi en haste com vous poez, qe il ad condut. E s'il 
ne peut venier maundez moi aqun autre certeyn homme, qui vous poiet acerter de 
ces qe serra fiiit des chores que nous touchent. Sachez Sire, qe la parlaunce qe 
ad estee entre nous est ore a la fyn a parfouruier, qar le Counte de Hereford. 
Monsire Rogier Damniory, Afonsire Hugo Daudele, Monsire Barthelmeu de Badles- 
mere, Monsire Rogier de Clifford, Monsire Johan Giffard, Monsire Henry Tyeys, 
Monsire Thomas ^NTauduth, Monsire Johan de Wylinton, et moi et les autres sount 
venutz a Pountfreyt et prestes sount a faire seurete de vous si qe vos parfacez 
les choses entre parleez. Cest assavoir de venier en eyde de nous en Engltterre 
et Galys, a vivere et morier ovesqe nous en nostre querele. Yous prioms qe vous 
nous assignez jour et lyu, la ou nous vous purroms encountrier et les choses fiable- 
ment parfourneroms. E nous vous prioms qe vous nous fticez avoir condut pur 
XX [xxx] hommes a cheval de salvement vener en vos parties. 

\_Ent'ittec[\ : Le transescrit dune lettre close ensele du seal Sir James Douglaz 
entitle en la cue a Monsire Rauf de Neville. 


Greeting. Sir, for any business which affects us, I pray you that you send me 
Richard Thirlewall as speedily as you can, as he has conduct ; and if he cannot 
come, send me any other sure man who can certify you as to what shall be dune 
in the matters affectinsr us. Know, Sir, that the negotiation had between us is 
now at the point of performance ; for the Earl of Hereford, Sir Roger Dammury, 
Sir Hugh Daudele, Sir Bartholomew of Badlesmere, Sir Roger Clifford, Sir John 
Giffard, Sir Henry Tyeys, Sir Thomas Mauduth, Sir John of AVylinton, and 
myself and the others, are come to Pontefract, and are ready to make surety to 
you if you complete the matters agreed on; that is to say, to come to our aid in 
England and "Wales, and live and die with us in our quarrel. We pray you to 
assign us a day and place where we can meet you and faithfully complete the 
business. And we pray you to cause us have conduct for thirty horsemen safely 
to come into your parts. 

[Indorsed] : The copy of a closed letter, sealed with the seal of Sir James 
Douglas, addressed on the tag to Sir Ralph Neville. 

^ Palgrave's Parliamentary Writs, Part II. Appendix, p. 196. 


51. Archibald of Douglas, Lord of Galloway, afterwards third Earl 
of Douglas, to King Edward the Third, requesting the postpone- 
ment of the day appointed for a meeting with Lord Percy. Brent 
He, [1st August 1372].! 

p]xCELLENTissiME Princeps et potentissime domine Rex, recepi literas vestre sub- 
limitatis regie, michi presentatas apud Brent lie in GalwyJia, vltimo die mensis 
Julii, facientes mencionem quod esset voluntas vestra me prorogare ilium diem 
treuge, alias ordinatum inter magnificum virum consanguineum vestrum, dominum 
de Percy et me simplicem, super occiduis ]\larchiis tenendum die lune in crastino 
assumptionis beate Virginis iam future, per vnum mensem, videlicet, vsque ad 
diem lune proximum post festum natiuitatis beate Marie Virginis immediate 
sequentem, cum ipse nobilis dominus in vestris necessariis negociis sit taliter 
occupatus, quod ad priorem diem prefixum non possit personaliter interesse. 
Super quo, potentissime domine, respondet mea simplicitas quod ad voluntatem 
vestram dictum diem libenter faciam j»rorogari ex parte mea, secundum tenorem 
literarum mearum missarum predioto nobili viro domino de Percy, quarum omnes 
circumstancias vestre maguificencie regie non est necessarium recitare. Set reuera, 
si placeret vestre regali potencie, sicut et credo quod placet, treugas super illis 
marchiis facere racionabiliter obseruari, mee simplicitati videretur expediens quod 
efficacius et sepius, per quosdam nobiles consilii vestri, fieret cognicio et reformacio 
in hac parte. Quia multociens dictus nobilis vir dominus de Percy quamuis ad 
equitatem benignus fuerit, taliter occupatur in aliis vestris negociis, quod nimis 
raro se personaliter possit disponere ad ordinandum pro talibus, et sine domini 
personal! presencia hucusque non inueni aliquos alios deputatos ibidem, iam post 
decessum recolende memorie domini Eanuljihi de Neville, c^uem Deus absoluat, 
per quos aliqua racionabilis cognicio et reformacio fieri posset, cum maiores ipsorum 
qui se tanquam deputati ibidem nunc intromittunt, ut intellexi pluribus transgres- 
soribus consenciunt, et ipsorum maiores manutenent multipliciter et supportant. 
Vestra valeat et vigeat sublimitas regia cum honore. Scriptum apud Brent He in 
festo beati Petri quod dicitur aduincula. Archebaldus de Douglas. 

Excellentissimo Principi ac domino Domino Regi Anglie. 

* Original in British Museum, London. Printed in National aiss. of Scotland, vol. ii. 
No. xxxrv. 


Most excellent Prince and most miglity Lord King, I have received your 
Royal Highness's letters, presented to me at Brent He in Galloway, the last day 
of July, making mention that it was your will that I should postpone that day of 
truce otherwise appointed betwixt a noble man, your cousin, Lord of Percy, and 
myself, upon the Westem Marches, to be held on Monday, the morrow of the 
assumption of the Blessed Virgin presently to come, for one month, namely, until 
the next Monday after the feast of the nativity of the Blessed Virgin Marj' 
immediately following, as that noble man would be so occupied in your needful 
affairs that he could not be personally present on the former day fixed. Upon 
which, most mighty Lord, my simpleness replies that at your desire I will freely 
on my part cause the day to be postponed, according to the tenor of my letters 
sent to the foresaid noble man, Lord of Percy, all the particulars of which it is not 
necessary to repeat to your royal majesty. But, in truth, if it pleased your royal 
mightiness, as I believe also it does, to cause the truce to be rightly observed upon 
these Marches, it would to my simplicity seem expedient that an inquiry ami 
reform in this behalf should be made by certain nobles of your Council more 
thoroughly and frequently, because ofttimes the said noble man, the Lord of Percy, 
although well inclined to justice, is so occupied in your other affairs that too 
rarely can he personally dispense order in such matters ; and failing the personal 
presence of that lord, I have not hitherto found any other deputies there since the 
death of Sir Ralph de Neville of worthy memory, whom God assoilzie, by whom 
any right inquiry and reform can be made, as the chief of those who now act as 
deputies there, as I have understood, take part with not a few of the offenders, 
and in many ways maintain and uphold the more prominent of them. May your 
Royal Highness enjoy health and strength with honour. Written at Brent lie, 
on the feast of St, Peter, which is called Ad Vincula. 

Archibald of Douglas. 

52. William, first Earl of Douglas and Mar, to King Edward the 
Third of England. 16th November [1376].^ 

Tresnoble et peussant Prince, Jeo monstre par voi de compleinte a vous. Sire, 

et a votre bone consaile par cestes mes letres, comment que John Mercer, mou 

homme, ore ad estee par grant temps tribuleez et annoieez torcenousement, deinz 

* Original in Britisl> Museum. Printed in National mss. of Scotland, vol. ii. No. XLV. 



votre roialme, centre la vertue de noz grautz trews, comunement tailliez et 
accordez parentre les roialms : parla ou ile rienz ne mesprist, mes quile es sez 
loials marchandises, retoumant en sa payse, par force de meer et tempeste feust 
deiettuz au terre, et arrestez par voz subgitz ; et vncore par le Conte de Xorth- 
nrabreland detenuz en prison. Au qoi, tresnoble prince, vous pleas auoir regarde 
et consideracion ; et par voz letres au dit Conte, faire commander expressement, 
que le dit John, mon homme, soit deliuerez franchement, sanz lay plus trauailliT. 
et ryot faire. Kar au proscheine ioure de marche, si ceo vous pourra pleer ile 
sera present pour y demonstrer deuant voz deputeez, quile ny ad rien trepassee, 
ne mesprise en celle part, si Dieu pleast. Oultre ceo, tresnoble prince, touchantz 
meistre Thomas Mercer, mon clerk, pour qi ieo escriua au votre noblesce, deuant 
celle temps, si monstre[r feurjent a vous. Sire, et a votre dit consaile, les damages, 
costages et perdes, qile ad sustenue et fait durant ca arreste, forpris sez 
tribulaciouns, annoys, et tortz, que amontent su deux cenz marcz desterling, et 
oultre; des queux vous please luy foire auoir redresce et restorance en due 
manere; ou aultrement celuy, ou ceux qui luy arresteint commander pour 
comparer personalement au dite ioure de marche, pour le charge soubtz aler 
deuant voz deputeez susditz, ou le dit mon clerk sera prest pour respondre et 
receiuer en semblable manere, solonc les vsages des ioures de marches par voi de 
reson, si Dhn pleast. Tresnoble prince, ceo que vous plerra de commander pour 
estre fait cellendroit, me deignetz lesser sauoir par voz letres od le portour du 
cestes. Que luy toute peussant Dieu, par sa tressaintisme grace, votre nobleesce 
veulle demeesner au vie pardurable. Escripte le xvj"** ioure de Xouembre, 

Le Conte de Douglas 
ET de [MarJre. 


Most noble and mighty Prince, by these my letters, I show to you, Sire, and 
to your good Council, by ^vay of complaint, how that John Mercer, my vassal, 
has for a long time been distressed and wrongfully annoyed in your kingdom, 
contrary to the tenor of our great truce, mutually drawn up and agreed to 
between the kingdoms ; inasmuch as, when he had done nothing disrespectful, 
but with his lawful merchandise was returning into his own country, by force of 
the sea and tempest he was thrown upon land, and arrested by your subjects, and 
is still by the Earl of Northumberland detained in prison. To which fact, most 
noble Prince, be pleased to have regard and consideration ; and by your letters to 


the said Earl, to give commandment expressly, that the said John, my vassal, 
may be delivered freely, without further troubling him, and making disturbance. 
For at the next day of march, if tliis should please you, he will be present, if it 
please God, to prove before your deputies, that he has trespassed in nothing, nor 
shown contempt in that particular. Besides this, most noble Prince, in reganl to 
Mr. Thomas Mercer, my clerk, on whose behalf I wrote to your Excellence, 
before this time, if there were shown to you. Sire, and to your said Council, the 
damages, expenses, and losses which he has sustained and borne during that 
arrest, over and above his troubles, annoyances, and wrongs, which amount to 
two hundred marks sterling and more, may it please you to cause redress and 
restoration thereof to be made to him in competent manner ; or otherwise, to 
command the party or parties who arrested him, to compear personally at the 
said day of march, to underlie the charge before your above-mentioned deputies, 
where my said clerk, please God, will be ready to answer by way of proof, and to 
receive in like manner, according to the usages of days of march. Most noble 
Prince, what you shall please to command to be done in this matter, deign to let 
me know by your letters by the bearer of these. May the Almighty God, by 
His most Holy grace, vouchsafe to conduct your Excellence to life everlasting. 
Written the ICth day of November, 

The Earl of Douglas and of Mar. 

53. George, Earl of March, to King Henry the Fourth, claiming 
kinship, and for redress against the Duke of Eothsay, Dunbar, 18th 
February [UOO],i 

Excellent, mychty, and noble Prynce, likis yhour realte to wit that I am gretly 
"vvrangit be the Due of Rothesay, the quhilk spousit my douchter, and now, agayn 
hys oblisyng to me made be hys lettre and his seal, and agaynes the law of halikirc, 
spouses ane other wif, as it ys said, of the quhilk wrangis and defowle to me and 
my douchter in swilk maner done, I, as ane of yhour poer kyn, gif it likis yhow, 
requeris yhow of help and suppowell, fore swilk honest seruice as I may do efter 
my power to yhour noble lordship, and to yhour lande, fore tretee of the quhilk 
matere will yhe dedoyn to charge the Lord the Foiu-nivalle ore the Erie of 
Westmerland, at yhour likyng, to the marche, with swilk gudely haste as yhow 
likis, qware that I may haue spekyng Avith quhilk of thaim that yhe will send, 

1 Original in the British iluseum. Printed in National Mss. of Scotland, vol. ii. No. Liir. 


and schew hym clerly rayn intent, tlie quliilk I darre nocht discouer to nane other 
bot tyll aue of tliaim, be cause of kyn and the grete lewtee that I traist in thaini, 
and as I suppose yhe traist in tliaim on the tother part ; alsa, noble prince,, will 
yhe dedeyn to graunt and to send nie yhour sauf-conduyt, endurand quliill tlie 
fest of the natiuite of Seint John the Baptist, fore a hundreth knichtis, ami 
squiers, and seruants, gudes, hors, and hernais, als wele within wallit town a> 
withowt, ore i\\ c^wat other resonable manere that yhow likis, fore trauaillyng 
and dwellyng within yhour land gif I hafe royster : And, excellent prince, syn 
that I clayme to be of kyu tyll yhow, and it peraventour nocht knawen on yhour 
parte, I schew it to yhour lordschip be this my lettre, that gif Dame Alice the 
Bewmont was yhour graunde dame, Dame Mariory Comyne, hyrre full syster, 
was my gramide dame on the tother syde, sa that I am bot of the feirde degre 
of kyn tyll yhow, the quhilk in aide tyme was callit neire ; and syn I am in swilk 
degre tyll yhow, I requere yhow, as be way of tendirnesse thareof, and fore my 
sernice in manere as I hafe before A\rityn, that yhe will vouchesauf tyll help me 
and suppowell me, tyll gete amendes of the wrangis and the defowle that ys done 
me, sendand tyll me gif yhow likis yhour answere of this with all gudely haste : 
and, noble prince, mervaile yhe nocht that I write my lettres in Englis, fore that 
ys mare clere to myne vnderstandyng than Latyne ore Fraunche. Excellent, 
mychty, and noble prince, the Haly Trinite hafe yhow euermare in kepyng. 
Writyn at my Castell of Dunbarr, the xviij day of Feuerer. 

Le Count de la Marche de Scoce. 

54. Archibald, fourth Earl or Douglas, to King Henry Fourth of 
England, complaining that the Earl of Northumberland had not kept 
the truce, etc. Edybredshiels, 1st February [1401].^ 

Excellent et trespuissant prince, plaise votre tresnoble haultesse a sauoir, que a 
Kemlyspeth le xvi® jour de May darrein passe, esteit accorde parentre le conte de 
Northumbre et moy, que certaines treues endureroient et deuroient tenir par terre 
et per mer parentre vous, votre realme, voz subgits, et alliez de I'une part, et 
mon souuerain seigneur le roy, son realme, ses subgits, et allies de I'autre part, 
[commencer] a le feste de Saint Martin en yuer darrein passe, et endurer pur vn 
an delors prochein ensuant, sil pleust a vous et votre conseil d'une coste, et a 
^ Original io British Museum, London. 


mon souneraine seigneur le Roy <^le I'tiutre coste, et son conseil, sur certificacion sur 
ce a y estre faite entrechanirer [de foi] parentre le dit conte et moy, en la feste de 
la natiuite de Saint Johan le Baptiste prochein delors eusuaut ; la quelle certificacion 
si elle eust este de nonplesance a aucune des parties susdites le iour d'encontrer 
des grants commissairs deuoit auoir este a ab [. . .] lundy en trois semaines 
apres la natiuite de Saint Jolian le Baptiste darrein passe, ou les dits commissairs 
puissieut en beautes [du temps] et des longs iours auoir tretie sur pais, ou longes 
treues, et en cas que bonne accorde eust faillie, que les seigneurs et les comm[issaires] 
d'ambe-deux parties se puissient auoir ordenes pour la guerre, en tele maniere qu'ils 
n'eust pas este soudainement deceus comment ils furent. Et si la dite certificacion 
eust este de plesance as ambedeux parties, qu'adonques le iour d'encontrer des grants 
commissairs seroit proroge pour estre tenu a Yhettara kyrke, lundy en quinsze 
iours apres la feste de Saint Michel darrein passe, comrae i)lus a vous appert es 
endentures entre le dit conte de Northumbre et moy sur ce faites. Sur quoy le 
dit Conte de Northumbre a fait certificacion, par sa letre desoubs son seal, en la feste 
de la natiuite de Saint Julian le Baptiste susdit, quil plaisoit bien a [vous et] votre 
conseil que les dites treues dureroient del feste de Saint ]\Iartin en yuer darrein 
passe, pour vn an delors prochein [ensuan]t, et sur ce le iour d'encontrer des grants 
commissairs se tenoit lundy, en quynsze iours apres la feste de Saint ^Michel 
darrein passe, a Yhettam kirke. A quel iour je disoy au dit conte de Northumbre 
en la presence des commissairs d'ambedeux parties, que les treues furent prinses 
pour vn an, en la maniere susdit comme la letre de certificacion sur ce tesmoigneit, 
les quelles je osoie [? ofrie] de faire tenir, garder, et parfourmir en tous points, et 
de faire redres estre fait de tous attemptatez faites par terre ou per mer, pour 
tout le realme d'Escoce, ainsi que nul default deuroit par raison estre impute a 
mon seigneur souuerain, ne a moy, les quelles sont empeschez et faillies entierement, 
comme j'entend en le defaulte de dit Conte de Northumbre. Pour quoy excellent 
et puissant prince, votre tres grande noblesse je requere qu'il vous plaise a enuoier 
certains commissairs de grant estat as marches, aiauts de vous pouuaire pour oir, 
declarer, et amender ceulx defaultis comme susdits, et je procureroi a mon seigneur 
sou[uerain] d'enuoier as marches, commissairs de semblable estat, pour semblable- 
ment faire. Deuant les quelx, a I'aide de dieu, je ferai clerement estre cognu que le 
dit Conte de Northumbre n'ay pas fait comme sa letre de certificacion conteint et 
emportit. Et que les dites treues de cest an, et le redres de tous attemptatez 
audeuant faitez, sont plainement empeschez [et faillies] en son default. Et excellent 
et trespuissant prince, ce que sur ceste matiere vous plaist a faire votre tresnoble 

haultesse, le moy veuUe certifier par le porteur d'ycestes. Si prie notre seigneur 
excellent et trespuissant prince qu'il vous ait [en sa] sainte garde. Escript a 
Edybredschellis, le primier jour de Feurier. 

Le Conte de Douglas Seicjneur de Galway Sc de Dunbar. 

A excellent et trespuissant Prince le Roy dAngleterre.^ 


Excellent and most mighty Prince. May it please your most noble highness 
to know that at Kemlyspeth, the 16th day of May last past, it was agreed 
between the Earl of Northumberland and myself, that certain truces should 
endure and ought to be held by land and sea betwixt you, your realm, your 
subjects, and allies, on the one part, and my sovereign Lord, his realm, subjects, and 
allies, on the other part, to begin on the feast of St. Martin in winter last past, 
and to endure for one year thence next ensuing, if it should please you and your 
Council on one side, and my sovereign Lord the King and his Council on the 
other side ; on certification of which there was to be made interchange of faith 
between the said Earl and myself, at the feast of the Nativity of St. John the 
Baptist thence next ensuing ; the which certification, if it had been unpleasing to 
any of the foresaid parties, the day of meeting of the grand Commissaries ought 
to have been at . . . , on Monday in three weeks after the Nativity of St. 
John the Baptist last past, where the said Commissaries might, in the fineness [of 
the season] and the long days, have treated for peace or long truce. And in case 
that good agreement had failed, that the lords and commissaries of both parties 
would have been able to take order for war in such wise, as not to be suddenly 
deceived as they were. And if the said certification had been agreeable to both 
parties, that then the day for meeting of the grand commissaries might be pro- 
rogued, to be held at Yhettam [Yetholm] Kirk, on Monday the fifteenth day 
after the feast of St. Michael last past, as more plainly appears to you from the 
indentures between the said Earl of Northumberland and myself u})on the matter. 
Concerning which the said Earl of Northumberland has made certification, by his 
letter under his seal, on the feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist foresaid, 
that it would be well pleasing to you and your Council that the said truce should 
endure from the feast of St. jMartin in winter last past, for one year thence next 
ensuing. Thereupon, the day of meeting of the grand commissaries was held on 

^ The King's answer to this letter will be found on p. 9, Xo. 9, ante. 


Monday, fifteen days after the feast of St. Michael last past, at Yhcttam Kirk, 
On which day I said to the said Earl of Northumberland, in the presence of the 
commissaries of both parties, that the truce was fixed for one year in the manner 
above stated, as the letter of certification upon this testified ; the which [truce] I 
[offered] to cause be maintained, and to keep and perform in all points, and to 
cause redress to be made of all attempts made by land or sea for all the realm of 
Scotland, so that no default should with reason be imputed to my sovereign lord 
or me, the which are hindered and have entirely failed, as I understand, by the 
default of the said Earl of Northumberland. Wherefore, excellent and mighty 
prince, I pray your most great nobleness that you would please to send certain 
commissaries of high rank to the Marches, having power from you to hear, 
declare and amend such defaults as the foresaid, and I will procure from my 
sovereign lord to send to the Marches commissaries of like rank to do the same. 
Before whom, by God's help, I will cause it clearly to be known that the said 
Earl of Northumberland did not do as his letter of certification contained and 
imported, and that the said truce of this year, and the redress of all attempts 
formerly made, are clearly hindered [and have failed] by his default. And, 
excellent and most mighty prince, deign to certify to me by the bearer of these 
presents, what it may please your most noble highness to do in this matter. I 
pray our Lord, excellent and most mighty prince, that he may have you in his 
holy keeping. Written at Edybredschellis, the 1st day of February [1401]. 

The Earl of Douglas, Lord of Gal[lo]way and of Dunbar. 

To the excellent and most mighty prince the King of England. 

55. Jajmes of DOUGL.VS, Warden of the ]VLarches, to King Henry 
THE Fourth of England, justifying the burning of Berwick by 
the Scots. Edinburgh, 26th July [1405].^ 

He, excellent and rycht mychty prynce, likit to zour henes to wyte me hatf 
resauit zour honorabile lettres to me, sende be a reuerend fodir, the abbot of 
Calkow, contenand that it is well knawin that trewis war tane and sworne o' late 
betwix the rewmys of Ingland and Scotlande, and for that yhu mervalis gretly 
that my men, be my wille and assent, has byrnde the toun of Berwike, and in 
other certayne places wythin the rewme of Inglande, in brekynge fully the saide 

1 Orifrinal in British Museum, London. Printed in National Mss. of Scotland, vol. ii. No. ltv. 


trewis in my defaute and nathinge in yhouris, and als agayn myn ath made in 
streynthinge of the same trewis, of the qwhilke yhe desire rather that amendis 
war made than ony mar harme war done tharfor. Kequirande me to do yhou to 
wyte, qwhethir I will gere refourme the sayde attemptats, or qwhat my full will be 
to do o' that mater. Anence the qwhilkys, hee and excellent prynce, qwhar yhe 
say yhu mervalys gretly that my men, be my will and assent, has brennede the 
toun of Benvik, the qwhilk is wythin Scotlande, and other places in Inglande, in 
brekynge fully of the sayde trewas, I vnderstand that giff yhour hee Excellent 
war clerly enfourmyte of the brennynge, slachtyr, and takynge of prisoneris and 
Scottis schippis that is done be yhour men to Scottys men within the saide 
trewis in diuers places of Scotlande befor the brynnynge of Berwike, the qwhilk 
skathis our lege Lorde the Kynge and his liegis has paciently tholyte in the 
kepynge of the saide trewis, and chargit me til aske, and ger be askyte be my 
deputs, redress tharof, the qwhilk my deputis has askyte at dayis of marche, and 
nane has gotyne, me think o' resoune yhe sulde erar put blame and punicioun to the 
doarys of the saide trespas done agayn the trewis, in swilke manerand callys thaim 
rather brekaris of the trew than me that has tholyte sa mikylle iniure so lan^ and 
nane amendis gottyn ; bot it is like that the gret attemptats that yhour men dois 
agayn the trewis is well concelyte fra yhour audience, for I suppos, and yhe wist 
it, yhe walde, of yhour he worschipe, ger it be refourmyte and redressit as the 
cause requiryt, for lange befor the bryninge of Berwike yhour men com within our 
Lorde the Kyngis awin propir lande of Arane and He Malasche, and til his castell 
of Brathwike, and brynt his chapelle and other diuerse placis of that lande, and 
tuke and rawnsounde the capitain of the sayde castelle, and slow his sone and 
heryde al that thai mycht ourtake, and alsua thai hade takyne befor that tym 
certayne Scottis schippis chargit with marchandis, and the marchandis tharof, in 
the contrer of the sayde trewis, of the qwhilkis reparaciuun and redress has bene 
askyte befor the brennyng of Berwyke, and nane gottyne. And qwhar yhe say 
that Berwake that standis in Scotlande, the qwhilke toun yhe call yhouris in 
yhour sayde lettres, and certayne landis of yhouris wythin Inglande, was brende 
be my men, my will and myn assent, brekand the trewis in my defaute and nocht 
in yhouris, and in the contrar of myn athe, tharto I answer in this maner, that 
qwhat tyme it like to our lege Lorde the Kynge, and to yhour hee Excellent, to 
ordane redress to be made be his commissaris and yhouris of all attemptatis 
done of aythir syde, I sail, with the help of Gode, make it well kennyt that 
I hafiF trewly kepit myn athe and the trewis, as aiferys to me of resoun. And 


qwhaeuer enfourmyt yhour Excellence that I hade brokyn rayn athe, it hade bene 
fayrar for hiui to haffe sonde me that querelle in to wyrt vndir his selle, and til 
haflf tane answere greable as afferit to him vnder ray seelle agayne, than sua 
vntrewly in myn absence till enfourme yliour Excellence, for I trayst he has saide 
mar in myn absence than he dar awow in my presens, for nocht displece yhour 
honour, learys sulde be lytille alowit wyth ony sic worschipfull kynge as yhe ar. 
And qwhar yhe say in yhour sayde lettres that yhe desir rather amendis of 
attemptats done agayn the trewis than ony mar harme war done tharfor ; to that 
I answer in this maner, that qwhen yhour saide lettres come to me, our Lorde the 
Kynge was passit in the northe partis of Scotlande, and I with al gudly hast sende 
yhour lettres til him, of the ([whilkis, at the makynge of thir letteris, I hade nane 
answer. Neuerthelatter, qwhen I hade vnderstandyne yhour lettres, I gert cry in 
diuerse placis the trewis to be kepit, traystand that it suld be sua done on the 
tether pairt ; eftyr the qwhilk crye, yhour men of Inglande has rydyne in Scot- 
lande wyth gret company, like in fere of were, and has heryde LawadjTdalle, 
Tewydalle, and a part of Etryke Forest, the qwhilke, at the makynge of thir 
letteris, was tholyt. and nocht don tharfor. And forthi gitTe the trewis sail 
stande, it lyes to yhour heenes to se for chastyninge of trespassouris, and for 
amendis of attemptats done, and that be tym and qwliat yhe wochesatf of your 
heenes to do twychand thir forsayde materis, yhe walde certify me be your letter, 
wyth al gudly hast. Hee, almychty prynce, the Haly Gast yow haff in his yhemsall 
euennar, AVjTtyn at Eddynburglie, vnder my selle, the xxvi daye of Julii. 

J.AJSiis OF Douglas, Wardane of the Maeche. 

To ane excellent and araychty prynce, Kynge of Inglande. 

56. Christian Setox, Countess of March, to King Henry the Fourth, 
seeking assistance for herself and her husband, and remedy against 
the Earl of Douglas. [C'irat 1407.]^ 

Mo UN tres excellent et tres redoute souereigne seignur, ieo me recomanke au 
vous sy entierment come seigrie creature terrien poet penser ou diuiser au Eoy 
du monde coronne, vous esmerciant huniblement as genoillcs de lez hautz graces 
et beneficez que vous manetz faitz deuant ces heures, vous supliant piement de 
vostre gracieus continuance, et nomement de le gracieus refresshement que vous 
menuoiastes darreynement dieux vous eurent greez la ou ieo ne puisse. Noun pur 
^ Original in the British Museum. Printed in National MS3. of Scotland, vol. ii. No. Lii. 


ceo moun tresgracieus seignur, vous pleis sauoir que moun seigmir moun baroun et 
moy auoms este en taunt duresce, et distresce puysque nous fuymes excluz de 
nostre paijs, que vncore ieo suy remys^en graunt debt, de quelle sanz vostre 
gracieus eide et sucour nie me puysse deliuerer, et ore la pestilence est taunt fort 
et dure la ou nous sumes, que ieo suy molt paourous que ieo morra en le grauut 
debt que ieo suy encorrue, et pour nulle traitie que nous poons faire, ne poons 
auoir suffrance de noz enemys pour nous treer a nostre fortres de Colbrandespath, 
pour illoex attendre tanque la mortalite soit cesse, et pour celle cause ieo 
eraprie humblement a vostre haut roiall raaieste, que vous me pleisez auoir en 
remembrance quant vous verretz loisir et me eider, que permy vostre gracieus 
re[l]euement ieo puisse estre eygettez de le debt qi me face tristes. Outre ceo 
tresredoubte et moun tresgracieus seignur, nous portons graunt enemyte pour la 
mort de Sir Henri Percy, issint que souent foiz est garnie a moun baroun et ses 
gentz qils vueillient estre mortz, sils ne de retrehent hors du paijs, issint quils lez 
gentz le dit Sir Henri ne facent rien fors escoutent confortables nouelx de vous, 
pour alors faire le malice que est f[orme] en lours coers ; et moun tresgracieus et 
tressouereigne seignur, toucliant la pris de noz gentz par ceux attendantz au 
Count de Douglas, deignetz ent doner credence al porteur dicestz, et sur ceo que 
vous pleisez ordener tiell remedy sicome le dit pourteur vous dirra par bouclie. Et 
prie souereignement al tresbenoit dieux de ciel, qil vous ottroie longe vie one tout 
encresment de honoure de ioy ensemble one victorie de voz enemys, et apres cest 
mortelle vie vous rent la regne de gloire. Amen. 

Vostre humble oratrice 


A moun tresexcellent et tresredoute souereyn seignur le Koy Dengleten-e. 


My right excellent and most redoubted Sovereign Lord, I commend myself to 
you as entirely as forlorn earthly creature can think or devise to any crowned 
King in the world, thanking you humbly on my knees for the high favours and 
benefits which you have done me in time past, entreating you humbly for your 
gracious continuance, and especially of the gracious refreshment that you have 
sent lately, God reward you for it where I cannot. Nevertheless, my very gracious 
Lord, please you to know that my Lord my husband and I have been in such 
restraint and distress since we were excluded from our country, that again I am 


fallen into great debt, from ■which, without your gracious aid and succour, I 
cannot escape. And now the plague is so heavy and severe where we are, that I 
am much afraid I may die in the great debt which I have incurred ; and for no 
bargain that we can make, can we have sufferance from our enemies to withdraw 
us to our fortress of Colbrandespath, there to wait till the mortality be past ; and 
for this cause, I entreat humbly your high royal Majesty that you may be pleased 
to have me in remembrance when you have leisure and assist me, that, by your 
gracious help, I may be freed from the debt which makes me soiTowful. ilore- 
over, most redoubted and my most gracious Lord, we suffer great enmity for the 
death of Sir Henry Percy, so that often my husband and his people are warned 
that they must wish to be dead if they do not quit the country, so that the 
people of the said Sir Henry do nothing except listening for encouraging news 
from you to do then the malice which is [devised] in their hearts. Also, my very 
gracious and right Sovereign Lord, touching the taking of our people by those 
waiting on the Earl of Douglas, deign to give credence herein to the bearer of 
these letters, and afterwards may it please you to order such remedy as the 
bearer will tell you by mouth. And I pray above all things to the most blessed 
God of heaven to give you long life, with all increase of honour and joy, together 
with victory over your enemies, and after this mortal life to grant you the 
kingdom of glory. Amen. 

Your humble petitioner, 

THE Countess of the Marche of Scotland. 

To my most excellent and redoubted Sovereign Lord the King of England. 

57, Archibald, slxth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, 
promising fidelity. Edinburgh, 29th October [(:irca 1515].^ 

SCHIR, Pleissit zoure guyd grace to wit, that I haue comonit with zour seruitour, 
Edward Cuyk, and vndirstaiid his credence at lenth ; and in guyd faith my 
mynd was set to the fulfilling of the samen or euyr I knew zour mynd, lyk as I 
was greitly indettit therto, and now aldyrmaist be cans that I se zour guyd 
grace traistyd me. And, schir, I promyt fathfully to fulfill the samyn, and haue 
send my traist seruitour, Dauyd Menzeys, with my haill mynd, instrukit lyck as 
zour seruitour Edward Cuyk and the said Dauid knawis. And to the fuUfilling 
^ Original in Public Record Office, London. 


of the said credence, zour guyd grace fulfilling the samyn to me that the said 
Edwart haue promyttit one zour behalfe, I oLlis me, be this my vriting, to keip 
and fulfill, vndir the seill of my armys, suljscrivit with my hand ; and forther, 
at zour guyd grace will geve credence to the berer. Schir, pleisit zour guyd 
grace to pass to London, or quhare ze pleis, and talc na thocht of thys mater, for 
it sail be endit at zour dissyir. Vrittin at Edinburgh, the xxix day of October. 


Erl of Angus. 

58. Gavin Douglas, Postulate of Arbroath, to Adam Williamson, as to 
the Bishopric of Dunkeld. Perth, 18th January [1515].^ 

Brothere Master Adame, I commend me to zou in my harty wyss. And ze sail 
knaw that sene my last wrytyng of Perth, the last day of Decembere, quhilk I 
trast ze haf . . . and hard forthare all thingys be Ser James. The Byschep of 
Duukeldone is decessyt this Mouneday the xv day of January. And becaus zoun 
evyll myndyt Byschep of Morray trublys all our promociones, and lies sped Sanct 
Andros to hymmself, wyth Dumfermlyng, Arbrocht, Legacy and other facultyes 
quhilkis ar nedfall and all ways man be retretyt, zit nocht the less sene syk 
debatis and controversycs ar costly and doutuus, in all aventour the Quenys grace, 
myself and frendis thynkis nedfull I be promovyt to that seyt quhilk now is 
vacand, and but pley, and ane rycht gud byschepry of [1 rent], and the thryd seyt 
of the realme. And to that effect hes the Quenys grace wrytyne for me to the 
Papis halynes, and cardynalis, quhareof ze sail wyth this ressave tlie copy, to solyst 
syk lyke wrytyngis fra the Kyngis grace hyr brother. And be nocht hyr lettyris 
obeyt in the curt of Roume, ze solyst evyll zour memoryall, less than the Kyng 
wyll do nocht for his systyre as I knaw the contrary, bayth in deyd and wryte. 
I dout nocht bot ze wyll solyst my materis alss trewly as zour aAvj-ne, thocht the 
Quenys grace had nocht wrytyne for me. And as I wrate to zou laytly, the 
promotione of her servandis and frendis is hyr weylfare and autorisyng, and 
hyndyryng of hyr adversaryes ; I pray zou at a word sped thir lettyris to Flandris 
as thai ar dyrectyt, and sped wyth tliaim the Kyngis wrytyngis. And gyf ze 
kouth do so mekyil as causs the Kyng mak a post therfore, I war bedyttyt to his 
grace and zou for ever. A wyse frend is soyne chargeyt. 

Item, ze sail knaw that me Lord Erll of Huntlye was heyr at the Quenys grace, 
and wyll go hyr way, and bryng mony of the other Lordis to hyr opynione ; 
' Original in British Museum, London. 

aud wyth hys avyss scho hes niayd proclarae a parlyament in this toune, to 

be haldyne and begyne in this toune the xij day of March, quhare we trast tyl haf 

all thyngis rediessyt. I wald nocht ze leyt the Byschep of jMorray nor zonn Duk 

steyll hyddyr by zou, as now latly his clerk, Master Johne SaiKjuliy, hes doyne, 

and handyt at Leyth furth of a Franch shyp, and brocht with hymm the bullys of 

Sanctandros, and publyst the sammyne one his maner in Edynburgh this last 

Twysday, the xvj day of Januare, bot I beleve he sail nocht haf possessyone this 

zeyre. Nedfull it is, and that is a speciall punct of zour memoryall, to cans the 

Kyng wryte ta the Kyng of Frans heyre apone, to the effect that by hys ways the 

Kyng our soverane lord be nocht hurt in his prevylegis and faculteys, for that war 

to byreif hymm hys croune, nor that his gud systyr the Quenys grace ocht therby 

mynyst in hyr autorite, bot raythare mantenyt and defendyt by hymm in the 

sammyne. And ocht hes beyne doyne by hys wrytyngis in the contrary othyr 

in favoris of zonn Byschep of Morray or ony otheris, that the sammyne, be hys 

ways and solistatones, be reversyt agane, that therby na prejudyce may happyn 

to the Kyng nor this hys realme, now in tjTne present, nor zit in tyme cummjTig, 

by evyll exemple, so that syk doyng nor attemptatis be na preparatyve to otheris 

in tyme to cum. And kouth the Kyng solyst hys brothyre of Frans to haf that 

byschep rendyrryt to hymm othyr be poilycy or other ways, that he mycht ther- 

eftyr be demanyt as etferis, all thir tlire realmmys I trast war brocht to grete rest, 

Ifor he is and hes beyne the instrument of mekyll harme, and I dreyd sail zit be of 

mayre and he be nocht snybbyt. Tent to hymm aud zonn Duyk gif the Kyng 

thare luffis the weylfare of hys systyr and mast tendyr nevois, and alss the quyet 

of hys awyne realme. Hast ansuere agayne and be solyst as ze haf beyne in 

tymme bj'passyt. And God keyp zou. Of Perth, the xviij day of January, 

wyth the hand of r, <> . 

Zour trend, ^ t\ 

Gawyne Douglas. 

The Queyne thynkis ze haf beyne over slowthfull, that sa lang tyme ze beand 
in Ingland, ther hes beyne nocht doyne noyther in Eoume nor the curt of Frans 
aganis zonn wykkit Byschep of Morray, and byddis zou mend that fait. Item, 
at ze solyst the Kyng hyr brother, that na ]ettres pass throw hys realnie to ne fra, 
that belangis ony Scottis man, less than he haf hyr speciall wrytyngis and request 
therfore, for syk lettres hes ellis doyne gret harme, and was the fyrst caus of all 
the truble anent the promotiones, and is daly a preparatyve to solyst zonn Duyk 
of Albany to cum hyddyr. Kemembyr my salve conduct and sped the sammyne 
to me as I wrayt to zow latly. And gif any of my wrytyngis or pertenyng the 


Qiieyne cum fiirth of Flandres or liourae to zour handis, na fors that the Kynu -se 
or knaw the coiitentis therof, that thai may])e the bettyr auJ mare liastyly sped to 
hyr grace or me, for I wayt hys lieiies wyll stop nane of hyr lettres nor myne, 
quhilk salbe cum to hys pies . . . honour and avayle. 

59. The Sa^ie to The Same, as to the state of Scotland, etc. 
Perth, 21st January [loloj.i 
Brothyr JMaster Adame, I commend me hartly to zou, and hes ressavyt zour lajt 
wrytyng and credens fra zour companzeone Ser James ; and be ze suyre the 
Queyne and we all wald be glad to follow the Kyngis mind thare, and thankis 
hys henes alss lawly as we may of the grete enteyre luf and kyndnes profyrryt and 
schawyne to us; for the quhylkis we beyiie addettyt to be hys trew servandis 
before all otheris, our alleyegans to our soverane lord hys nevo only exceppyt. Ze 
may weyll considdyr it is nocht to us possybyll that ze devys, for albeyt my lord 
and I, with other frendis, mycht cum to tha partis quhere we plesyt, it suld nocht 
be possybyll to cary the Kyng nor hys brother thyddyr, thocht peraventour, and 
that full hard w^th gret defyculte and nocht honestly, we mycht bring the Queyne 
thyddyr in habyt onknawyne and dysagysyt, bot nayne other ways ; and ther- 
fore ther mane be thocht sum other remed, for my wytkann nocht attayne quhow 
that may be at this tyme ; and alss we be in na syk danger at we neyd leyf 
the cuntre, I ^v•rate to zou layt that the Kyngis wrytyngis wald stanch all this 
debayt, for I trast thai suld be alss weyll obeyt heyre as in Lundone. wyth the 
mast partis of the Lordis. Lat nocht the Kyng therfoare feyre that and he wald 
cum wyth hys army or send hys pyssans in this realme, and declare to the 
pepyll his actyone war to haf justyce and gud reull, and to cans the Kyng hys 
nevo, and the Queyne hys systyr, be obeyt as thai audit, bot cummand one this 
wyss, and notyfyand the sammyne to our commonys be proclamatone, bot he suld 
fynd mony tu tak hys part ; for I assure zou the pepyll of this realme ar sa 
oppressyt for lak of justyce, by thevys, rubry, and other extortiones, that thai 
wald be glayd to leyf ondyr the gret Turk to haf justyce. Ze wryte that the 
Kyngis grace thare hes wrytyne twyss to Ixoyme agains Glasgw, bot I had lever 
he had wrytyne agains the Byschep of Morray, and zit nyedlyngis he mane wrjte 
aganst hym tyll all hys promotione reversyt, lyk as at mayre lenth the Quenys 
grace hes Avrytyne to the Kyng hyr brother therapone. ^Master Adame brother, 
f . . . nocht to solyst and convoy weyll my promotione to Dunkeldene, as ze luf 
^ Original in Britisli Museum, London. 


nie, for I haf gevyne the mouye quhare ze bad me, lat se cjuhom ze kann . . , 
convoy syk a matere fore zour frend, and I sail do mekyll, hot I suU spek w^th 
zou in Lundoue or Pascli, for I haf mony devyses that I wald fayne encloss to the 
Kyng thare, quhylkis I wyll nocht wryte ; and gyf it be possybyll that ther may 
be fund ony tymme to perfornie the Kyngis plessour and desyre, as ze haf wrytyne 
with Ser James, I sal do my devour and full best to convoy that mater at all 
punctis, bot I kann nocht hastely beleyf as zit quliow it may be less than the 
Kyng wald cum hymm self in this realrae, and th . . . mycht he do quhat hymm 
lykyt, for he wald fynd lytyll or na resystans, and be ze souer the grettest of 
our adversareys crynys hymm gretly at this hour, one syk wyss that thai wald 
geif mekj'll of ther valzeand to haf his favouris. Gyf the Kyng of Frans be 
ded it is rycht evyll for bayth thir realmmys. Bot heyre is arryvyt a Franch 
schip, the xv day of this moneth instant, quhilk proportis na thyng therof, and 
therfore I wondyr quha suld haf schawyne my lords of consell ther syk tythyiii;is. 
Gyf we had money I trast we suld debayt weyll eneuch our adversaris in tliiz 
partis quhyll the somniyr sessione, quher the Kyng mycht moyf quhat army hym 
lykyt, and than I trast alsso we salbe mare pyssant than we ar now. I amm 
surely informyt furth of Frans the Duyk dysponys h}Tnm nocht hydder quhyll 
this nyxt moyne, less than this decess of the Kyng of Frans causs hymm . . . eyne 
the tymme, and zit I trast the Kyng thare, and hys wyss consell lies provydyt 
mayr warly in all aventoris, so that tlie Dalphyne is alss weyll bund to observe the 
pace in all punctis therof as was the Kyng. And I trast he dar nocht brek the 
trewys nor pace astablysyt, to send the ilk Duyk agayne hys oblysyng, and gyf 
he wald lat ilk frend mak pace Avyth other, quhyll Ave be all revengyt one Frans, 
for God knawys quhat thai haf doyne to us. I haf gud hope and is in convo}Tig 
a mater of dyscord amang our party adversary, one syk wyss that I trast ze sail 
heyre quhow this promotone now imprecat be zonn dyssatfull Byschep of Morray 
sail turne to our weyll, and causs bayth hymm and zonn Duyk cum in evyll 
consayt over all this realme, quhylk man nedways redund to our profyte and sail 
purches us ma frendis ; and I dred nucht bot quha sa ever by Kyng in Frans, he 
salbe mayr glad to haf pace and amite wyth the Kyng of Ingland than hys grace 
salbe to except the sammyne. I pray zou schaw this wry tyng to my Lord Dacre, 
and the contentis therof to the Kyngis grace. God keyp zou. Wyth my hand, 
in hast, at Perth, th\T xxj day of Januar. 

Tuus totus, 

Gawinus Douglas. 


60. Thk Same to Thomas, Lord Dacre, beseeching his good offices 
as to DunkeUI. Perth, 21st January [1515].^ 

My Lord, I commend me to zour lordschip, in my mast hartly wyss, and as towart 
tlieKyngis desyre and instructiones send to the Quenys grace wyth Ser James Inglys. 
hire henes lies wrytyne heyre wyth ansuere to the Kyng hyr brother and to zour 
lordschip. And in sum part, as I kouth thynk eftyr my lytill wyt, I haf wrytyne 
tyll Master Adame, to be schawyne to zour lordschip, and to the Kyngis grace 
thare, quhow soyne he sail cum to liis presens ; and be ze suyre the Quenys 
grace, my Lord, and we all wald be alss glad to fulfyll the Kyngis desyre, gif it 
war to us possibyll, as wyth hard or mynd may be devysit, and kann nocht sa 
mekyll as we beyne addettyt for our part rendyr thankis to his heynes therof, 
and nocht the les of a thyng he salbe suyre that our servys salbe hys before all 
uther mann levyng, our alleygens to our soverane Lord hys nevo alanerly exceppit. 
My Lord, ze sail knaw ther is ane byschep latly deid in this land, callyt the 
Byschep of Dunkell, and for alsmekyll as thir other benefycis be now in pley and 
debayt be this Byschep of Morray, therfore the Quenys grace, my soverane lady, 
hes wrytyne hyre especiall writyngis to the Papis halynes for my promotone 
therto, and forthare, hes by thire hyre wrytyngis solyst the Kingis grace, hyre 
brother, to wryte and lawbour effectuusly to the sammyne effect. Quharefore I 
beseyk zour lordschip that the sayd lettrez mycht be convoyt with deligence, and 
gyf zour gud assistans and commendatone to the Kyng for me, sene our houssys 
ar of the auld allyat, and mekyll tendyr aquentaus and kyndnes hes beyne betwyx 
thaim of lang tyme, as approvy t weyll be my grandsyr at the sege of Nawart, and 
I beleyf that aye mayre and mayre tendyrnes and amyte sail daly incres amongis 
thaim. Gud it war ze sutFyrryt na otlier lettrez to haf passage throw thf 
realme but syk as salbe send fra the Queyne the cans quhy I haf wrytyne to 
Master Adame, and gyf ther be ony sted, serve's, or plessour I may do to zour 
lordschip, I salbe at command, as knawys God, quha haf zour lordschip in hys 
blysyt kepyng. At Perth, the xxj day of Januare, wyth hand of 
Zour cousyng, and at all his power zouris, 

Gawyne, Postulat of Aibrotli. 

To my Lord Dacre's gud lordschip. 

* Original in British Museum, London. 


61. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to Mr. Gavin Douglas, Bishop Elect of 
Dimkeld, congratulating him on his promotion to the See. Kirk- 
oswald, 2d July [1515]. Contemporary copy.^ 

My Lord and Cousin, I commende me to youe in full hertie maner, ascertanyng 
youe that this daye I haif receyved a pacquet of lettres from the Kingis highnes, 
my soverain lord, by post, wherein, emongis oder, there is two breves, with the 
copie of them, directed by the Pope's holines, the one to youe, and the oder to 
th' Archebusshop of Sainct Andrewes, and also a litell pacquet sent to your 
lordship by your factor in the Courte of Rome, with a lettre from jVIr. Adam 
Williamson, which I send unto your lordship with my servaunt this berer. 

My Lord, I understond by suche lettres as is com to me, that the Pope's 
holines, at the instant request and greate labour of the Quenes lettres, your 
soverain lady, sent unto his holines, and also at the request of the Kingis grace, 
my soverain lordis writing, hath elect youe Busshop of Dunkell. My said 
soverain lord, for the pleasour of the Queue his said sister, and also for the grete 
wisdome, faithfuU counsale, and stedfastnes, that he fyndeth ye gif, beres, and 
awe unto the said Quene, with duetie of allegiance to the King your maister and 
his broder, my soverain lordis nephewes, hath obteigned the said busshopricke to 
youe, trusting that your Avisdome woll induce and counsale the said Quene, and 
youre nephew hir husband, to the sure of the said King and his broder, and not 
to deperte with them to ony oder handis, without the hole assent of the lordis 
spirituall and temporall, seing what possibilitie they stonde in. 

My Lord, I understaude by the copie of the two breves, that the effect of the 
one sent unto the Archibusshop of Saint Andrewes is a speciall revocacion of 
such auctoritie as the Pope's holynes commytted to hym, and also of the Kingis 
Legacie, whiche his Holines hath fully remitt unto youe to be executed and done, 
whiche shall sounde and grow to your honor and prouffit. And so my said 
soverain lord entendeth, and is well mynded towards youe, wherefore I hertely 
desire and praye youe to deliver, or cause to be delivered, by a substanciall 
person afore a notary, and recorde the breve to the saide Archebusshop, who is 
fled out of Flandres, and thought he is kept secrete in Scotlande, and upon the 
delivery thereof to make certificate accordingly. My Lorde, right joyous and 
glad I am of youre proniocion and help, as I am bounde to be, for the grete 
kj-ndenes and entier favour that hath bene betwixt our antecessours and blood in 
^ Original Paper in Public Record Office, London. 

tymes past, whiche shall never tale on my partie and of your, and recept of thes 
•vvritingis that I may be ccrtefied with my said servaunt ; and thus oure Lord 
God haif youre lordship in His keping. At Kirkoswald, the seconde daye of July. 

62. The Saisie to Cardinal Wolsey. Relations between the Queen of 
Scots and the Earl of Angus. Harbottle, 5th March [1518].^ 

My Lorde, pleas it your grace to wete the Quene of Scotland has bene verey evil 
intreatede all this yere bipassed, as ye may perceyve at more lienthe be a letter of 
her awne hande writing whiche I sende your grace at this tyme. I sende youe 
also the copie of her salueconducte, wherin there is no thing kept vnto her 
grace that is comprised in the same conducte, neither in deliuering of her jowelles, 
and oder her houshalde stuf and apparale, nor levyeng of her dueties and revenues 
nor honours, according to the same, but they dryve her to that poincte for verey 
necessite that she has laide in wed siche plate and jewelles as the Kingis highnes 
gave her, and in shorte conclusione shalbe dryven to pouertie, like as this berer 
canne shewe your grace, to whom the seid Quene did committe credence to me, 
whiche credence I haue commanded hym to shewe vnto your grace ; and had not 
bene that Mr. Magnus and I. at her being in Berwyk the daye afore her entre into 
Scotland, saw more apperance of suspectionne then we did afore, and therupone 
drewe a boke in the name of the Erie of Angus, wherby he renuncied and gave 
ouer all maner of right, claymes, or entres, making full releas be the same his dede 
neuer to haue medling nor intremitting with none of the Quenes coniunctefeotfa- 
ment, proutfettis nor jowellis, as more at large your grace may perceyve by the 
copie of a power whiche I made in Maister Magnus name and myne, whiche is 
annexed to the copie of her sahieconducte, her grace hed bene fer abak. And be 
reasonn therof the said Erie can medle no thing with her coniunctefeoifament of 
right. Besecheing your grace that I may knawe the Kingis highe pleasour in the 
premisses, for there is no remedie nor further drift, but she must aither be helped 
that she may haue siche thingis fulfilled as ar comprised in her said salueconducte, 
or els she muste stele awey for verey necessite fro the tyme that siche thingis as 
the Kingis highnes gave her be gone. And the blissed Trinite preserue your 
grace. At Harbotell the vth daye of Marche. 

Yowrs with serues, 

Thomas Dacre. 

^ Original in Public Kecord Office, Loudon. 


63. Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkekl, and two others, Ambassadors from 

Scotland in France, to Cardinal Wolsey, asking a safe-conduct. 
Abbeville, 27th June [1518].^ 
Maist reverend in God, efter den- salutacion. We suppois that it is knamn to 
zour lordschip how, be command of oure soverane lord and master the King of 
Scottis, we ar directit, nocht anerly for peax and amite betuix the realmis of 
France, Ingland, and Scoctland, bot als for universale concorde in the kirk of God, 
with sufficient aiictorite and speciall commande gevin to us, to transport us quhare 
it sail be expedient for the premisses ; and therapon we in thir partis have spokin 
with the King of France, and now we understand that the Due of Albany, Gover- 
nour of Scoctland and tutour to oure soverane lord, is discendit in Bertaigne, quhais 
secretare, Gualtere Malynny, as we belevit, suld have cummyn throw Ingland, and 
brocht to us ane sauf-conduct. AVe therfor thocht necessare to advertiss zoure 
lordschip this tyme, to effect that we micht have the said sauf-conduct according 
to oure supplicacion for the samyn, quhilk we send to zoure lordschip hamely, 
becaus we knaw weill zour lordschip may greitly further, and is of gude mynde 
towart peax amangis Cristin princis for rest and unite of Cristianite ; and this 
we pray zour lordschip at this tyme, as we beleif zour lordschip will, for the grete 
confidens we knaw the said lord Governour has in zoure lordschip. Maist 
reverend fader in God, the Haly Gaist have zou in his keping. At Abbayweill, 
the xxvij day of Junii. Be zoure gude and laulye frendis, 

Ambassadouris of Scoctlaund, 

Gawyne, Bischep of Dunkeld. 

RoBERTUS E. Ross. 

Patricius, Regius Secretarius. 
To the maist reverend in God, Archbischop and Cardinale of Zork, Chan- 
cellare of Ingland, Legate of the Sege apostolicque. 

64. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry Eighth, thanking 

him for his mediation between the Queen of Scots and. Angus. 

Dalkeith, 19th October [1519].^ 
jVIaist excellennt, maist hie, and maist michty Prince, in the maist humyll and 
lawlye manere, I recommend my service unto zoure maist redowtit gude grace, 
quhom plesit knaw laitlye is cumin in this realme ane venerable religious fader, 
freir Henry Chardworth, minister generall of the freris minoris callit observante, 
^ Original in British Museum, London. " Ibid. 


within zoure realme of Ingland, directe fra zoure liyenes towart the Qwenis grace, 
zour deirest sister, my souerane lady, quhilk has sa wele and wiselye convoyit 
and performyt the mater quliairfor he was sent, that hir hyenes is full hartlye 
applesit to resort and remane witli me, hir husband and servitour, according and 
conforme to all ressoun and lawis, baith of God and haly kirk. Maist excellennt 
and redoutit prince, it lyis not in my little possibilite to rendir thankis unto 
zoure maist nobill hyenes, that has intendit and procurit sa excedand wisely e 
this my pure causs, quhilk elikewiss is Goddis causs, and alsua the honour and 
weillfare of youre deirest sister, the Qwenys grace forsaid, and with that richt 
weiray acceptable till every wele myndit personage of gude zele within this 
reailme. Quhairfor, besyde the rewarde of God, quhilk I doute nocht bot zoure 
grace sail ressaif for sa meritable labour, I sail endevour and abandoune 
perpetually my pure service in every behalf and sort to me possible, unto zoure 
maist nobill excellence, abufe all uther prince or creature levand, myne allegeance 
to oure souerane lord, zoure deirest nevo, alanerlye exceppit ; and salbe all tymes 
redely eftir my pure power, allthocht it war sua that zoure hienes commandit me 
furthwith to pas one fute to Jerusalem, and fecht with the Turkis to the dede for 
zoure causs. And I beseke the eternall God to graunt me that grace that I may 
doo sum poynt that may be plesand or acceptable unto zoure hyenes or J pas of 
this warld, Alsua, maist excellennt, maist hye, and maist mychty prince, plesit 
zoure grace understand that my brothir germane, George Douglas, has bene twa 
zheris bypast and mair in France, at the commande of our governour Duke of 
Albany, to his hevy cost, and to na plessur nothir to him nor his frendis, and is 
haldin thare but ony causs or offence, as is notourlye knawin to all this realme. 
Besekand thairfor zoure maist noble excellence, that it wald pleiss the samyn 
to send zoure gracious letters alswele to the king thare in France as to our 
said governour, to the effecte that my said brothir may be deliverit and send 
hayme in this realme, and quhat service or uther thing that I or ony me belangis, 
eftir oure pure poweris may doo, acceptable to zoure hyenes, we ar and sail 
remane all tymes under the obeysance of zoure grace, as said is ; and thus, maist 
excellennt, maist hye, and maist mychty prince, the Eternall and Allmychty God 
preserve zoure maist noble Maieste in lang prosperite and ... At Dalketh, the 
xix day of October, subscrivit with the hand of 

Your humble servytour, Erl of Angus. 

To the maist excellennt, maist hye, and maist mychty Prince, the King uf 
Inglandes maist ryal gude grace. 


65. Thomas, Loud Dacre, to Cardinal Wolskv, in rt-ference to the move- 
ments of tlie Earl of Angus. Xorham, 1 -ith ]March [1521].^ 

My Lord, pleas it your grace to be aduertised of such newis as is occurraut in 
Scotland. The French King seruaiint departed into Scotland vpone Sonday last 
past. He sent a currour to the Duke for conducting of hym, which com again 
and said that he could not cause hym to be conveied in suyrtie ; wherfore, when 
I had getten license of the Humes, I sent a seruaunt of myne with hj-m, albeit 
his coniiucting caused hym to remaigne in Berwik two dayes. Pleas it your 
grace, I aduertised yow of two shippes of warr of the Duke of Albanyes, which 
was redie to depart, which the xith day of this monetli went furth, a bark and v 
marchantis shippes with them, that lay within the kee at Leith, in which shippes 
of warr th' Erie of Angus and his brodre is gone towardis Fraunce, the Lord 
Fleraj-ng and M"" Thomas Hay the Kingis secretary in ther company. Beeseching 
your grace to be good and gracius to the Busshopp of Dunkell, in whom I verely 
trust is nothing but troughe, and that it wald pleas your grace to write in his favour 
to the Popis Holines for the Archbusshoprike of Saint Androwes, seing that is 
bruted in Scotland that he is postulate therof ; and if it could be purchased it 
shuld make merveillous grete riek in Scotland, for he which has the gift of the 
Duke is the man that rewles hym moost of any living. Humbly beseching your 
grace to write in the favour of Andro Hume, whiche is at the scole in O.xfurth, 
brodre to David Hume, for the Priory of Coldingham, assuring your grace that I 
can perceive nothing in the Homes but troughe and stedfastnes. And the blissed 
Trinite preserve your grace. At the castell of Norham, the xiiij day of Marcij. 

Yours with my serues, 

Th O.MAS Dacre. 
To my Lord Cardinallis Grace. 

66. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, commending 
the Bishop of Duukeld to his Grace. Kirk of Stvle, 13th December 

My Lord, in my maist humyll maner, I recommend my lauchful service to zour*^ 
grace, cpihom plesit understand I and utheris has presentlie directe this berar. 

^ Original iu Public Record Office, London. 
- Original in British Museum, London. 

my deirest uncle, my Lord Bischop of Dunkelde, towart the Kingis grace zoure 
soueraine, apponne certane necessare instructiouiies, the quhilkis I traist salbe accept- 
able baithe unto his hienes and zoure grace. Quhairfor, at the uttermaist of ray 
powere, I beseyk zoure grace at my said uncle be thankfullie ressavit, and to 
have gude and haisty expedicioune of his materis and directiounes ; and at zoure 
grace plesit schew zou his gude lorde and ouris in that behalf, and to geif to him 
na less credence in every thyng than to myself presentlie in persoune, for it is na 
lytill besynes causis him mak sik travale now at sik poynt of necessite, quhen I 
and all bis frendis in thir partis mycht sa evill waunt his help and gude counsale. 
Nevertheless, baith we and he, fullie assurit in zoure gudenes and hys wisdome, 
beleving fermlye that his passage towart the Kingis hyenes and zoure grace mycht 
avale gretumlye nocht alanerly to himself and us, bot alsua to the weilfare of this 
realme and surtye of the Kingis persoune my souerane, deirest nevo to the Kingis 
hienes zoure maister, has presentlye directit him fullye instructit in that behalf 
unto his Maiesty, as said is. Beseking zoure grace to tak gude hede to the mater, 
and quhat steJe, plessour, or lauchfull service I may doo, or procure to be done to 
zoure plessour in thir partis, I salbe glayd to fulfyll the samyn at the commande 
of zoure grace, as knawis oure Lord God, C[uha have zoure grace in his blissit 
keping eternalye. At the Kyrk of Steyll, the xiij day of December. Subscrivit 
withe my hand. 

Zouris withe his lauchfull service, 

Archbald Erl of Anguss. 

To my Lord Cardinallis grace of Inglaund. 

67. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, and Lords Home and Somerville, 
to King Henry Eighth, recommending the Bishop of Dunkeld as 
their Envoy. Kirk of Style, 14th December 1521.^ 

Plesit zoure grace, wee haif, be the avise and counsale als wele of oure self as of 
my Lord of Dunkelde, has send unto zoure grace oure said Lord of Dunkelde, to 
sollist certane materis for the well and suretye of the King oure souerane Lord, 
be way of commissioune and instructioune. To quhom it will pleiss zoure grace 
to geif ferme credence als wele for us as we war present. Beseking zoure grace 
that wee may be adverteist of zoure plessour, in als convenient haist as may stand 
1 Original in British Museum, London. 


withe zoure gracious plessour, in quhome, be oure apinioiines, standis the surety 
of oure souerane Lorde zoure nevo. And the blessit Trinitee preserve zoure 
maiestee. At the Kyrk of Steyll, the xiiij day of December. 

Zouris withe oure huniyll and lauthfull service, 

Archibald, Erl of Angus. 

George, Lord Hom. 

Jon. Somerwell. 

To the richt hyee and richt excellennt Prince the Kingis grace of In^rlaund. 

68. Instructions by the Earl of Angus, and Lords HOxME and 
Somerville, to the Bishop of Dunkeld, to inform the English King 
as to the relations between King James the Fifth and the Duke of 
Albany. Kirk of Style, 14th December 1521.^ 

Instructiouns and commissioun for my Lord of Dunkeld, to be schawin onto 
the Kyngis grace of Ingland on the behalf of my Lord of Anguss, his kyn and 
frendis, Lorde Hume, Lord Somervel, thaire kyn and frendis, for the well and 
sourete of thaire souerane Lord, and to apont with his hienes apoun thir articulis 
eftir following, or ony otheris nocht being heire exprest, as is thocht expedient 
be the Kingis grace his consale and avice of the said bischop, for the securite 

Item, first he sal schaw how the Duke of Albany is in to Scotland, and throu 
his pretendit titell to the crowne, it is presumyt, he hawing the kepping of the 
Kinge oure souerane zour nevo. and the reule of his reallme and subjectis, gret 
suspicioun and danger of hys persoun. Quharefor, without hasty help and 
assistance of the Kingis grace of Ingland, it is thocht til us that oure souerane Lord 
forsaid standis in gret juperte of his life, the quhilk help and we may have, we 
sal de and liff in the querreil for the souerte of oure said souerane, without quhais 
help it is nocht in oure power to performe, and as we may we sail luke to the 
mater in the meyne tyme. 

Item, it is thocht till us at oure said souerane cann nocht be weil and sourelie 
kepit within his reallme, the Duke of Albany beand governour therof, and present 
in the reallme, the said Duk alssua havinge the Lordis keparis of the Kino-is 
persone at his commandment and plessour. 

^ Original in British Museum, Lontlou. 


Alssua, it is thocht til us that gif our souerane suld remane in his awin 
reallme, the Duke beinge in Scotland, and governour thaireof, that thir thre lordis 
quhilkis now lies the name of the kepping of the Kinge and hes nocht in deid, thai, 
or otheris his keparis to be apontit be the Parliament of .Scotland, suld have the 
nominatioun and pontinge of al his servandis about him, sik as cukis and al otliir 
menn of office, as thai wald answer for to God, to thaire consciens, and to thaire 
souerane, and nocht the lordis quhilkis now hes him in keppinge, ilkane of thame 
curaud thaire four moneths quhilkis in maner cumis for a schawinge or a syte. 
Sicand the said Duke of AUtany poyntis all officiaris himself about oure said 
souerane, and alssua hes keparis of the castell, and kepis baith wach and ward 
abone the kinge and lordis keparis of his persoun, and assua the lord kepar for 
the tyme hes na maner of rewle nowder of oure soueranys diet, nor poyntinge of 
his servandis about him, nor abilzement of his persoun. Quharefor but he . . ., 
and remeid heirof, to our apperance, oure said souerane is gane without the mercy 
of God Almychty. 

Item, we think, and knawis by experience, that the Queyne, be evil and senister 
consale, is mekill inclynyt to the plessour of the Duke in al maner of thingis, and ar 
never syndry, bot every day togidder owder forrow none or eftir, and as it is supposit 
hes intendit a divorce betwix the Erie of Anguss and the Queyne, and quhat consale 
the said Queyne had gevin hyr be the Bischop of Glasgw, the Abbot of Halyrude- 
houss, and Master Johne Cantlie, quhom to the said Duke now at his cummynge 
in Scotland hes geven to hir the promotiouns, the Archbischiprik of Sanct- 
andrews to Glasgw, the bischoprik of Glasgw to the Abbot of Halyrudehouss, 
and the Abbacy of Kilwynnyng to Cantlie, and other twa beneficis, and als hes 
had Greffell hys fraud renuiiumd witli the Queyne thir thre quarteris of this zere 
for the completinge of his purposs, and a gret part of this consale fader frer Henry 
Chadworthe, quhilk the Kynge of Ingland send to the Queyne, knawis in every 

Item, the said Duk of Albany come, at his first hame cummyng, to Striveling 
quhar the Queyne was, and fra thyne to Lithquow baith in cumpany togidder, and 
syne til Edinburghe ; and appon the secund day eftir thar cummyng til Edinburgh, 
the said Duk with the Qnt-yne went to the castel, quhar the Kinge was, and thar 
the capitaine deliverit tiie keys to the Duke, and he deliverit thame to the Queyne 
to dispoune at hir plessour, and syne scho gave thame to the Duke agane, as hir 
mast trast for the kepping of the Kingis pei-sone. 

Item, gif oure souerane cann nocht, be the consent of the thre estats of 

Scotland, be transportit furthe of his realme, nor zit the Duke of Albany to 
devoytl the realme, that thare tliir thre lordis quhilkis suld have the keping of 
the Kingis grace, or otheris, siclike as sal pless the thre estats to apont, to have 
the nominatioun and pontinge of all ofliciaris and otheris at ar necessare to be 
about oure said soueranys persone, sik as thai wil ausuere for to God and thaire 
souerane appon thaire allegeance. And at the saidis lordis beinge keparis, and 
otheris his officiaris forsaid, salbe cleirly relaxit and quytclamyt, to have na 
mellinge with the said Duke, onto the tyme our said souerane be of perfite age as 
cann be thocht. And at the said Duke sal nocht cum be xxxty myiis quhar the 
Kingis grace is, nor nane of the Dukis faniiliaris resort in the place quhar he 
remanys, without quhilk provisioun and help the Kingis grace standis in extreme 
danger of the prosperite of his life. 

Item, it is tliocht gud by us so it stand with the Kingis plessour and the 
consalis, that thare be laubour maid be the Kingis grace of Ingland, onto the 
Papis Halynes for the securite and sur kepinge of our souerane lordis persone, be 
his special writingis, to be soliscit be his oratouris in the court of Rome, gif it 
cann nocht be done be himself. 

Item, the said Erl of Anguss, and Lordis Hume and Somervell, sal well and 
trewly tak part in so fer as in thame is, for the weil and sourete of the prosper 
estait of thare soverane lord, alsweil be thame self, kyn and frendis, and part 
takkaris, sua that thai may be in sourete of the Kingis grace that he sal tak na 
peax, nor abstinence of were with the Duke of Alliany, without the sadis lordis 
breke thare levingis, and al that to thame rychtuisly pertenys in securite, but ony 
danger of the said Duke, the Kingis thare soverayne beand in sourete as said is ; 
and for the securite thareof the sadis lordis ar bodely sworne appon the haly 
evangellis for thar part, kyn, and frendis, befor a reverend fader, Gawin, Bischop 
of Dunkeld, and Thomas, Lord Dacre, that thai sal performe, and nocht to tret 
with the said Duke without the avice of the Kingis grace of Ingland, bot to 
remane at the sourete of thare soverane lord, sua that the sadis lordis may be 
advertist that his hienes wil assist to thame, quhareof thai are rycht desirus to 
have ansuer in al hast. Item, gif it sal fortone, as God forbeid it do, quhilk is to 
us more likly than contrary, that oure soverane be put deing or de, it is than 
weil knawin that the Duk of Albany Avil pretend to the croune. In that cace, 
the saidis lordis desiris to knaw quhat supple the Kingis grace wil do thame, 
and desiris that thare be ua peax nor abstinence of weire taken with him, without 
thare securite as said is. And for the mare securite, the saidis lordis hes 


subscrivit this write with thare handis, at the Kyrk of the Steill, the xiiij day of 
December, the zere of God ii.D.xxi. 

Archbald, Erl of Anguss. George, Lord Hoji. 

Jon. Somerwell. 

69. Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, to Cardinal Wolsey, desiring an 
audience. Waltham Cross, 24:th December [1521].^ 

My Lord, in all humble and dew maneyr I recommend my lawfnll seruyce onto 
zour grace, quliam plasyt kuaw I am cummyn in this realme, send from my lord 
Erll of Anguse, othir lordis of Scotland, and grete personagis, to the Kingis hyenes, 
apone certane neydfull dyrectiones, and specially concernyng the weylfare and 
surte of his derrest nevo, the Kyng my soueran, and gif I, quhilk am onknawyn 
wyth his Magestye, durst haf presumyt to haf wrytyn onto tlie samyn, I wald 
gladly, besekyng zour grace to support me in that behalf, and that it mot playse 
zow to schaw me in quhat place and quhat tyme I sail cum to zour grace, and sa 
furth onto the Kyngis hyenes, and I salbe verre glad to awayt apone zour com.- 
mand. And gif it had nocht beyn for this he fest of Cristis Natyvyte, and als 
that I am sum pairt accrasyt by the way, I suld haf cummyn strecht to zour 
grace, beseykyng elyke wyse the samyn to pardone this my hamly wrytyn, and to 
send ansuere tharof at zour plasour. And the blyssyt Lord preserue zour grace in 
lang and eternall prosperity At Waltame Cros, this Crystymes Evyn. By the 
hand of 

Zour chaplane wyth his lawful! seruyce, 

Gawyn, Bischop of Dunkeld, etc. 
To my Lord Cardynalis grace. 

70. Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, to Cardinal Wolsey, desiring a 
speedy audience of the King. London, 31st December [1521].^ 

Pleis zoure grace, Maister Galtere, commendator of the Abbay of Glenluse, and 
secretar to the Duke of Albany callit Gouernour of Scotland, is cumin to London, 
and with him Eoss herald, and ane nothir pursavant callit Carrik, quhilk is ane 
Fraucheman borne, and I traist is to pas to France, and with thame thre vther 
seruandis. Quhairfor I beseyk zoure grace, gif it war zoure plesour, that I mycht 
^ Original ia Public Record Office, Loadon. * Ibid. 


haif presence of the Kingis hienes als sone as thai, and gif I mycht knaw ony 
of thair direcciouns, perauentour I suld informe the Kingis hienes and zour grace 
of sik thingis as ze wald think necessair to make ansuer to thair peticiouns ; and 
desyris farther mot pleis zoure grace to remembyr my lytill materis at Rome, and 
in that behalf to geif credence to this berar, my familiar chaplane and cousing, 
with quhom zoure grace wald aduerteis me at zoure plesour quhat ze will commando. 
And the Haly Trinite preserve zoure grace eternaly. At London, this New Yeris 
Evin. Subscriuit with the hand of 

Zour humble seruytour and Chaplane of Dunkeid, etc. 

To the maist reverend fader in God, and his maist singulare gude lorde 
and maister, my Lord Cardinallis grace of Zork, Legate de latere and 
Chancellare of Ingland, etc. 

7L The Same to The Sa3IE, in reference to the negotiations. London, 

1st January 1522.^ 

Pleiss zoure graice, my chaiplane quhilk was zisterday at zoure presence schew 
me . . . Galtere, this secretare of the Duke of Albanyis, has said to zoure grace 
that I promyst nocht to cum within this realme, and therfor of his maisteris 
behalf . . . zour grace to withhald me heyre, and lat me pass na farthir. My 
Lord, I beleyf zour hye wisdome will nocht geif credence sa lichtlye aganis me, 
and specialie to the Duke of Albany or ony of liis servandis, quhilkis is capitalle 
and dedelie inimye to me and all my houss, and thairfor it is na wounder albeyt 
he say sik thingis for my harmme, quhilk diverss tymmez and zite daylie baitlie 
sap's and dois all that he may or cann jinagjaie to my distruccioune and extermi- 
naciouue of all my kyn ; and as I sail ansuer to God and zour graice, the contrare 
of it he sayis is playn verite, for baithe be messinger and write I declarit him 
playnlie I wald pass throcht this realme and na uther way, and gart schew him 
quhat day I was appoyntit to entir in the grond of Ingland, the quhilk I kepit 
trewlye. And thus zoure graice may considdir quhat favouris he beris to me, or 
how I suld be intretit gif I war in Scotland under his subjeccioune, or zite gif I 
pass to France or ony uther part quhair he may sullist ony thing, quhen he is sa 
bald within this realme, quhairin I traist he has lytill credence, as for to sollist 
zour graice in my contrare, albeyt ze haif grantit me the Kingis hienes saufconducte, 
the quhilk I traist I haif nocht forfalt nor zite zoure grace will suffer be broken. 
^ Original in British Museum, Londoa. 


And besyde this the mater is petiouss gif ony kirkmann suld be . . . gangand to 
Rome for his hiUchefuU defence an summond thiddir. And nethtlieless zoure 
grace knawis full wele I may be lichtlie intretit to remane here hot na Avayis at 
his commande nor desyre, and full wele wayt zour hye wisdome quliat is to be 
done or ansuerit to sik ane peticiouue, mekle bettir than I and mony sik cann 
ymagyn. Albeyte gif it mychte stand withe zour gracis plessour, I wald besyk 
zour grace to ansuer to this Gaiter, that gif the Duke lies maister wilbe content 
my accioune and mater be remittit fiirthe of Eome to zour grace, and before zour 
auditoure, quhareof I wald be glayd, zour graice suld causs me remane, and ellis 
quhy or how suld ze hald me fra my lauchefull defence, quhilk is of the law of 
nature, specialie I havand the Kingis saufconducte to pass, as said is. This is my 
litill avise under correccioune of zoure grace, quhom I beseyk to perdone this my 
sa ha}'mlye Avrytinge. And the Haly Trinite haif zoure grace in his blissit and 
eternall kepinge. At Lundone, this New Zeris Day, subscrivit with the hand of 
Zour humble servytour and Chaplane of Dunkeld. 

To the maist reverend fader in God, and his maist singulare gude lorde and 
maister, my Lord Cardinallis graice of Zork, Legate de latere and 
Chancellare of Ingland. 

72. The Sa3IE to The Same, in reference to the Bishop of Glasgow and 
his party. London, Gth January 1522.^ 

Placyt zour grace, ze had zistyrday syk byssynes that I mycht nocht schew zour 
grace quhat I thocht, tuychyng the cummyng of this Scottis prest, Ser Johue 
Duncansone, quha zistyrday presentyt wrytyngis to the Kingis hyenes and zour 
grace for ane salve conduct, and is cummyne furth of Scotland wyth gret dylligens 
apone vij days, and is rycht famylyare wyth the Duk of Albanye, and speciall 
servand of a laiig tynie to the Archbischep of Glasgw, and hes brocht wyth 
hjonm wrytyngis and dyrectyones fra thaim bayth, to be sped in Frans, Flandres, 
and Rome, as I knaw by his wordis. Also thare is cummyne wyth hym ane 
Italiane callj-t Evangilista, the manere of a Lumbard in Scotland, to convoy hjTn 
at merchandis hand heyre and in Flandres. Gyf zour grace hed seyne ther 
lettrez and dyrectyones, I trast ze suld knaw mony thyngis thareby, and gif zour 
hye prudens thynkis spedfull at salve conductis be sped here at the instance and 
subscriptyone of the said Duk, I report me to zour gret wysdome, or zit that the 
^ Original in British Museum, London. 


said Bischep of Glasg^vys materis and promotone for Sauctandris suld prospere, 
consyddyryng he is the moist spyciall inann that manteinys, and all ways hes 
manteinyt the said Duk. I dreyd alsso this Duncansone is dyrekkyt in my con- 
trary and to do me hurt, and besekis zour grace to provyd the rath are sum 
remedy tharefore, and gif it mycht stand wyth zour plessour, that he had na 
passage for the causyt foresaidis, onto the tymme zour grace knew mare fully his 
dyrectyones ; and gyf zour hye prudens plesys so do, I wald nayne knew this 
cam by my desjTe, becaus he fenzeis hymm famyliare wyth nie, quhareby per- 
aventure I sail knaw sura part mayre of his mynd, albeyt I knaw ellis the fynes 
of the mann, and nayne mayre dowbyll in oure realme. Do as plessis zour grace, 
quham God preserve. At Lundone, this Epyphanye day, wyth the hand of 
Zour humble servytour and chaplane of Dunkeld. 

To my Lord Cardynalis grace. 

73. The Same to The Same, lamenting the defection of the Earl of Angus 
to the Duke of Albany's party. Inn of Carlisle, 31st January [1.322].^ 

Plesit zoure grace, sen I herd the tythings and wrytings of zisterday, I am and 
haif bene so dolorous and full of vehement ennoye, that I dar nocht auentour cum 
in zoure presence, quhilk causis me thus A\Tyte to zoure noble grace, beseking the 
samyn of zoure grete goodnes to haif compatience of me, desolatt and wofuU -wyght. 
Albeyt I grant I haif deseruyt punycioun, and am vnder the Kyngis mercy and 
zouris not for any fait or demeritt of my avne, but by raisoun of thair vntreuthe, 
that causit me labour for the wele of thair prince and thair securite, quhilk now 
has wrocht thair avne confusioun and perpetuall schayme, and has servit me as 
your grace may considdyr, that sollistit the Kingis hyenes and zoure grace to 
wrytt and doo for thame so oftjTi tymez and so largely, in diuerse sortis, als wele 
to thair support as confort, quhairof as now, I most nedis vnderly zoure mercy ; 
albeyt I dowte not bot your hye prudence consideris profoundly my part thairof, 
and my hole trew mynde all tyme but ony dissimulance, that in goode faythe am 
forthir dissauit in this mater then ony vtheris, by raisoun quhareof I am so full of 
sorowe and displesour, that I am wery of my avne lyfe, and promittis to God and 
zoure noble grace, as youre humble seruand, and ane trew Cristin preist, that I 
sail neuir heve nor tak way with the Duke of Albany, the vnworthy Erl of Anguse, 
nor na vtheris that assistis to the said Duke, but your express commande and 
^ Original in Public Record OflBce, London. 

avise, nor neuer sail pas in Scotlaund but at your plesour so lang as this wikkyt 
Duke is thairin or has rewle thairof. And I traist my brother and vther my 
frendis will vse my consale, albeyt zon zoung wytles fwyll has runnyn apoun his 
avne myscheyf be continewall persuasioune of wyly subtile mene, and for lak of 
goode counsale, schewing to him I dowte not mony fenzeit letrez and wounderfull 
terrouris, that the Lord Hwme and vtheris wald pass in and lefe him allane, and 
that I wald be takin and haldin heyr, and that Gaiter the Dukis secretare had 
appopitit with the Kingis hienes for his distructioun, and the Duke to mary the 
Qwene. I dowte nocht sik thingis and mekle mayr has bene sayd, and with this 
the wrytingis at your grace causit me send furthe of Hamtonn Courte on Saint 
Thomas daye come nocht to him quhill the xiiij day of Januare, and so he has 
remanyt confortles in the menetyme, quhill the tother subtile folkis had conveyit 
thair mater. Wald God I had send ane seruand of my avne with the writingis or 
past myself with thame, in cais I had lyin vij zeris eftir in presen, for I fynd 
absence is ane schrew, and deligence withe expedicioun mycht haif done grett goode. 
Albeyt of verite thair may be none raisionable nor honest excuse that suld cause 
ony creature brek his lawte or promyt, and I beseyk God that I may see him really 
punyst for his demerittis and promyse brokyn, mayd to the Kingis hienes and me 
his vncle, and salbe glayd to sollist the Kingis hienes and zour grace to this 
effecte at all my powere. Neththeles I beseke zour grace to remembre the 
welefare and securite of the Kingis grace of Scotlaund, my souerane lord and 
maister, and to sollist the Kingis hyethnes to that effecte, for his grace has maid 
no fait but is aluterly innocent. This is and was my principall direccioun and 
cans of my hyddyr cumming, as your grace full wele vnderstandis, albeit I wald 
haif procurit as I cowth the weilfayr of my self, and frendis besyde, gif thai had 
not wrocht in the contrare to thair avne distruccioune and myne, sa fer as in 
thame lyis. And gif I durst be so bald as to sollist zoure grace, and schew quhat 
wayis war best for the Aveylfare of the zoung Kingis grace my souerane, I wald 
be glayd to endeuour myself thairto at the commande of zoure grace. In cais 
now I dar nocht auentour to propone na sik thingis, by raisoun that I am dissauit 
be my most tendyr frendis in my fyrst interpryse, in contrare to all goode lyklyhod 
or naturall equite. Beseking zoure grace of yoiue gracious ansuer, and quhat ze 
will commande me to doo, and to be my goode lorde, and to lat me knaw gif it 
be zour plesour that I awayt apone youre seruice, and doo my devitee as I audit 
of dett, and wald be glayd so to doo, for furthe of this realme will I not depart 
so lang as T may remane thairin with the Kingis plesour and zouris, quhat penurice 


and distres so euir I sustene. And zoure gracious ansuere hereupoune in wourde, 
be message or writing, I liumily beseyk, or gif it pleis your grace I cum my self to 
zoure nobill presence thairfor. And God Allmychty preserue your grace eteraalye. 
At the In of Carlile, the last day of Januare. Subscriuit with the hand of 
Zour humble seruytour and dolorus Chaplann of Dunkeld, etc. 

To my Lord Cardinallis good grace, etc. 

74. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey, promising 
diligence in State affairs. Jedburgh Abbey, 24th July [1524].^ 

Maist reverend in God, in my maist lauly manere I commend my levefull 
hertlie service to zour grace, according to the Kingis grace zour soverains lettres 
send with his hienes servitour, Clarencieux King-of-Armes, to the Kingis grace 
my soverane. The hale auctorite of his realme is gevin and put be his trew 
liegis in his gracis handis, and nouther Due nor uther man levande, sa far as is 
in me, sail have powar therof, nor vse the samyn, bot I sail be als deligent and 
afald in tymes cummyn, that it sail be vsit be his hienes, as I wes to putt it in 
his gracis handis. Forther, quhat service I may do ony maner of way to the 
plesour of zoure grace, is and sail be reddy at all tymmes efter my sober poware, 
and like as I am adettit and as zoure grace sail persave, C[uhen zoure grace plesis 
charge my simpilnes. And God conserve zoure grace eternaill. Of the Abbay of 
Jedburghe, the xxiiii day of July. 

Be zoure gracis lauly servitoure, 

Erl of Angus. 

To ane maist reverend in God, my Lord Cardinale of Zork, legate and 
chancellare of In^land. 

75. Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, to King Henry Eighth, on behalf of the 
Earl of Angus. Newcastle, 31st August [1524].- 

Plesith it your highnes too be advertised, that my lorde of Anguyshe hath 
instauntly desired me to be contented too suflFre hym to comme to your grace, to 
declare and shewe dj^-ers thingis vnto your highenes, whiche doo touche hym 

1 Original in Public Record Office, London. of Norfolk, of tlie same date, to Cardinal 

2 Ibid. There ia also a letter from the Duke "Wolsey, expressed in nearly identical terms. 

very sore (as he doth afFerme), and hath desiered me also to -vvnte vnto your 
grace in his favour ; vpon whos many requestis made vnto me I have beene soo 
bold to suffre hym to goo at this tjone towardes your grace, beseching your 
highenes not to bee discontented with me for the same. And mooste humble I 
beseche your highenes to bee his good and gracious lorde, for vndoubtedly, sir, 
withoute your highe favour and greate helpe to be shewed vnto hym, he and 
dyvers of his servauntes and frendis in Scotland bee in danger too take great 
hurt. And assuredly no man in that realme is of streingth and poure to doo your 
grace and the King his soverin lorde suche service as he maye doo, ner in myne 
opinion bettir myended thereunto, as I am in ferme hope and beleve it shalbe 
well proved whensoever the tyme shall requyre ; beseching Almighty Jhesu to 
send your highenes th'accomplishementis of your mooste noble hertis desires. 
"Writtene at Newcasteli the laste day of August. 

Your most humble subiect and servant, 


To the Kingis moste noble grace. 

76. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to Cardinal Wolsey, as to the Earl of Angus. 
Newcastle, 31st August [1524].^ 

My Lord, pleas it your grace to wete, where as I was lately advertised from 
youe that my Lord of Angus (at his arryvall into thes partes) shuld incontinente 
departe into Scotland, for certein good purposes, for the weall and suretie of the 
yong King his soverain, the King oure soverain lordes nephieu. And incontinente 
aftur his departure from the Kingis highenes and your grace, the Kingis pleasour 
and yours was that (at the deasire and by labour made by the Queues grace of 
Scotland) my said Lord of Angus shuld remaigne still, and not departe nor cum 
into Scotland vnto suche tyme as th' affaires there, now being in hande for the 
suretie of the said yong King of Scottis, shuld take effecte ; wherupon my said Lord 
of Angus, considering and vnderstonding that it was the Kingis pleasour and yours 
that he shuld so do, was verey well contented to follow and accomplish the same. 
Notwithstonding he hathe therby loste the moste parte of his freindis and parte 
takers in Scotland, wherby (without helpe of the Kyngis said highnes and your 
grace) he is not of habilitie to do the King his said soverain so good service, 
and the Kingis highnes and your grace so grete pleasour, as he might have done 
^ Original in Public Record OfiBce, London. 


if he had departed into Scotland. And for that purpose at this tyine my said 
Lord of Angus commeth vp in his proper person to hayffe licence of the Kingis 
said highnes and your grace, to departe into his owne reahne with the gracious 
favours of the Kingis highenes and of your grace. As knoweth the Holy Trinite, 
who ever preserve your grace. At the Kingis town of Newcastell-vpon-Tyne, the 
laste day of Auguste. 

Yours with hys serves, 

Thomas Dacre. 
To my Lord Legatis grace. 

77. Sir George Douglas, brother of the Earl of Angus, to the Duke of 
Norfolk, as to the liberation of the Bishop of St. Andrews, etc. 
Bonkil, 24th October [152i].i 

My Lorp, pless zour grace for novellis, in thir partis the Bechep of Sanct Andros 
is put to his fredourae at the plesur of the Quenis grace and the Erll of Arane, thai 
ar agreit be twene ther selfis, in quhat the maner I knaw nocht as zit of surte, bot 
alss sone as I git wit zour grace salbe advertist ; and ass I bele}^ the inbassadouris 
cumis nocht haistly. It is said in this cuntre the Queniss grace and the Erll of 
Arane will the Franch way. I cann nocht sa it for surte, bot if it is deniit in this 
cuntre, zour grace wil beleyf that I say this for malis of the Erll of Arane, becauss 
I faver hymm nocht. For souerte, the Bechep of Sanctandros wes put to his leberte 
one Fryday. Zour grace may consider weill the Quenis grace and my Lord of Arane 
has few frendis in Scotland, quhenn thai tak furth the Bechep of Sanctandros to 
mak hymm ther frendis, consideryne at the Quenis grace and the Erll off Arane has 
writyne to the Kyngis grace of Ingland diverss tymiss, schawyne at the Bechep of 
Sanctandross wes sa gret anne frend to the Duk of Albany, and sa fer in contrary 
off the Kyngis grace our master, quhar by zour grace may consider the Constance 
and wisdume of thame. Zour grace scliew me ze wer of consall to his inputtyne 
in ward, bot zour grace wald nocht schaw me at my departyne at ze wer of consall 
to his furtht commyne, becauss I trow ze knew it nocht. I dred the Erll of Arane 
will causs the Queniss grace to gay the way at is nocht the weill off the Kyngis 
grace hyr sonn and our master, nor the plesur of the Kyngis grace hyr bruder ; 
therfor gud it wer that zour grace gart haist my Lord of Anguss in Scotland, for 
the weill off the haill mater standis one his cumyne, for all the gret Lordis of 
^ Original in British Museum, London. 

Scotland will talc his part in the servyne of the Kyngis grace our master, for the 
Weill and souerte of his persoue ; and failzeand my Lordis cumyuge, I feir at 
thai sail gange the Dukis way, for thai ar sa discontentit off the reull oft' the 
cuntre at this our at thai ar determit thai will nocht gange the Quenis way, nor 
the Erll of Arane way, be causs thai se nother wisdoume nor constance with 
thame, and sais thai ar unabill for sik anne chargis. And forder, thai say my 
Lord of is hald}'ue ass presoner in Inghind, and he cumand ther under 
traist quhar for thai cann gyff na credence to the way off Ingland, seand hymm 
sa demanit. My Lord, I th}'nk no mervell the Lordis off Scotland thyukkis 
at my Lord iss haldyne agayne his Avill, for my unkell Archbald of Douglas 
and my bruder will gyfif me no credence bot he is haldyne as anne presoner, 
and speris at me quhat is the causs at he comm nocht in Scotland alss sone 
as I, and I haiff schawyne thame the best rasonis I cann to put thame in 
gude beleiff. My Lord, at the reverence of God haist my Lord of Anguss in 
Scotland, or ellis all at zou haiff done iss for noucht. It will pless zour grace to 
aperdon me at I amm sa bald to writ sa haymly to zour grace as I haiff done ; 
the causs is at I se the Kyngis grace and the reume standis zit in sa gret ane 
danger, that without it be schortly halpet it will pass ramed, saiffand the plesur 
of God. And if I get uthar novellis I sail advertiss zour grace with deligence, 
quhame God preserf At Boncle this Tysday . . . xxiiij day off this instant 
October, be zour gracis servand at power, 

George Douglass. 
To my speceall gud Lord the Duk off Xorfok. 

78. xVpx'hibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to ^Iargaret, Queen of Scots, 
desiring a reconciliation. Bonkill, 1st November [1524]. Old copy.^ 

Madame, in m)- mooste humble and lowly maner I commende my service to your 
grace. It woll pleas your grace to knowe that I have beene with the Kingis 
grace your brother, the whiche is oone of the moost Cristened princis, and his 
grace hath entreated me so mervelous welle, that he hath addetted me and all 
that woll do for me to do his grace service and honour, in so farre as lyeth in 
my poure, myne allegeaunce exceptit to the Kingis grace my soueraine. Madame. 
I am comme into this realme to do the Kingis grace, my master, and your grace, 

1 Original in British Museum, London. The letter was returned, unopened, by the Queen, 
to Angus. 


honour and service, in so ferre as lyes in my poure, and shall do the same as 
gladly as any other in all the realme of Scotland ; beseching your grace ye wold 
except it, for their is no maner of thing that maye be wele to the Kingis grace 
my soueraiu, nor to your graces honour and pleassour, but I shalbe glad to fulfill 
the same, Madame, if there be any of my unfrendis that in my absence have 
made senestre informacion of me unto your grace, I wold beseche your grace that 
ye wold stand so good and gracious lady unto me that ye wold be contente that I 
maye speke with your grace, and if I have offended to your grace any maner of 
waye, I shall refourme it at the sight and plessour of your seid grace ; beseching 
your grace that ye woll advertise me of your myende in writing, as I that shalbe 
redy to fulfill the same, as knoweth God, who preserve your grace eternally. At 
Boncle, the first daye of November, by the hand of your humble servant. 

79. The Same to King Henry the Eighth, as to the Queen's Ambassadors, 
and wanting money. Tantallon, 28th November [152-i].^ 

My dewte beand ramemberit onto zour nobil grace, it will pleiss zour henes for 
to remember, at my departing zour henes desyrit me for to fulfill certane articulis 
at the plessour of zour henes, the quhilk I haif done at the utermest of my powar, 
baith to the servis of the King my soverane, and tho the plessour of the Qwenis 
grais his mother. I raport me to zour imbaxatouris gif I haif fulfyllit the samyn. 
The Qwene standis extreme in tho my contrare, and castis all wayis can be 
devisyt for the distructioun of me and myne, and scho will na way of concord 
with me, and I haif offerrit hir grace all the offerris that I and my fremlis can 
deviss, howbeit I failzet nevir to hir at the plessour of zour henes and command, 
as zour imbaxatouris can schaw zour henes. Schir, it Avill pleiss zour henes for 
tho ramember that zou promyst me. gif that the Qwene wald nocht be contentit till 
agre with me at zour henes consell, that you suld talk my pairt aganis hir, and 
al utheris my unfrendis and enemyss in thir partis, the quhilk I put na dowt bot 
zour henes will fulfyll the samyn. Schir, pleiss zour henes that the monye ze 
gaif the Qweyne that sche has spendyt it, as zour imbaxatouris can schaw zow, 
apone my ennemyss for till invaid me and my frendis, and tho thaim, as I beleif, 
will nother be gud servands tho the King our maister, nor to zour henes, as 
will be knawyne attirwart in deid. It will pleiss zour henes tho wyt that ther is 
imbaxatouris comen in Ingland fra the Qwene, of the quhilk I ame rycht glad, and 
^ Original in British Museum, London. 

has furthirut thaim at my powar, for causs I understand it was zour henes 
plessour and will. The Qwene has devisyt thaira all of ane soirt, gret ennemyss 
tho me at ther powar, and therfor I beseik your henes at thai haif na credens 
tuyching me in na materis, for thai are in sum part send for evill of me, as 
Maister Reitleif can inform zour henes therof, and I ame and salbe evir ane gud 
servand to the King my souei-ane, and to zour henes. I beseik zour henes to stand 
my gud and gracius prince, and that I may haif help and suple of zour henes 
with monye to furnesche twa hundretht men for ane certaine tyme, and with the 
grais of God I sail do zour henes fitt servis with the samyn that ze salbe con- 
tent}-t therof. It will pleiss zour henes to pardone me that I wryt sa bauldlit- to 
zour henes ; the causs is I faind zour henes sa noble and gratius prenss to me 
at all tymyss bygan, that my hail houp and traist is in zour henes, besekand zour 
maist nobill grace to do me that honour, as for to command me with ony servis, 
for I sail fulfill the samyn at the utermaist of my powar, myne allegeans kepaud 
to my souerane, prayand God tho presserve zour maist nobil henes in prosperrite. 
Wryttyn at Teintallone, the xxviij day of November, be zour humble servitor at 
all his powar, Archbald, Erl of AN(iUSS. 

To the Kinges henes of Ingland. 

80. The Same to Cardinal "Wolsey, remarking on the Queen's Embassy, etc. 
Tantallon, 28th November [1524].^ 

SCHIR, unto zour nobill grace I recommend my servis, in my maist lawlie maner. 
It will pleiss zour grace to ramember that ther was certaine articulis maid betuix 
zour grace and me at my departing, the quhilk I haif and sail fulfyll the samyn 
tho the utermost of my powar. I haif maide my offeris tho the Queue, as zour 
grais commandyt me, in my maist lawlie maner, quhilk Maister Reitleif can shaw 
zour grace, bot scho will one na wys heir of na concord, bot seks all the wayis 
scho can for my uter destructioun, and the monye that the Kinges henes and 
zour grais send tho hir, scho has disponyt yt to my enemyss for till invaid me. 
Therfor I beseik zour grace to lat hir get no maner monye, sene that scho will 
nocht use zour graces consell, for I sail use the Kinges consell and command, and 
zour graces, to the uterraest of my powar, my allegeance eccepit to my soverane. 
It will pleiss zour grace to ramember ze promist me, gyf the Qwene wald nocht use 

^ Original in British Museum, London. 


the Kinges henes conscll, hir brutlieris, and zouris, that zour grace suld talk my 
pairt agaius hir and all utheris, the quhilk I pnt na (lout hot the Kinges lienes 
and zour grace wyll do, for I sail fultyll all that I haif promist. Also it will 
pleis zour grace to rameniber that I wrait to zou for the bischo})ryk of Morray, 
and for the abbay of Melros, quhilks ar baithe vacand. I Iteseik zour grace for the 
bullis of thaim, ane or baithe, as zour grace thinkis expedient, and I sail radound 
zour grais all costis and expensis ze maik therapon. The imbaxatouris of Scot- 
lande ar cumand to zour grais. Thai ar devysit be the Qwene the gretast enemyss 
that 1 haif in Scotlande, and therfor pleiss zour grais to gif thaim na credence, 
quhatevir thai raport of me, for Hary Stewart and the Erl of Cassillis ar cousinges 
germane, and the bischop of Dunkell, as zour grace knawis, was ever ane gude 
Freuschman and never treu to Scotlande nor Inglande, and was ane of gret 
movaris of the ware betuix us and zou. As tho the thride, I knau na evil! tho 
hymm, giff that thai solist hymm, he is ane gud kyrkman, for knew I erst ellis of 
thaim I wald advertische zour grais. It Avill pleiss zour grais to understande that 
I haif wryttyn to the Kinges henes for to haif wages of his henes to furnesche 
me twa hundreth men for to serve the King my soverane and the Kinges henes of 
Inglande. My haill traist is in zour grais of all my materis, and zour graces ansuer 
agane in wryt, with the fyrst post that cumis in Scotlande ; and giff ther be ony 
servis I may do to zour grace, pless command me, and I salbe ane redy, as God 
knauis, quha presserve zour nobill grace in prosperite. Writtyn at Tentallon, the 
xxviij day of November. 

Yours at powar, 

Erl of Anguss. 

To my Lord Cardonellis grace of Inglande. 

81. Mr. Magnus, the English Ambassador, to Archibald, sixth Earl of 
Angus, with advice as to his affairs. Edinburgh, 14th December 
[1524]. Old copy.^ 

To my good Lorde therle of Angwishe. Myne owne good lorde, full hartely I 
recommende me vnto your lordeshipe. And where, ammongis other thinggis, it is 
reapoorted here that ye and my Lorde of Leneux, with your comj^any and sevauntis 
attending vpone youe, doo vse the hous and monastery of Pasley as if the same 
^ Original in Public Record Office, London. 

were your owne, and intenJe soe to contynue, and to use hit for a seasone, to the 
grete hurte and hynderaunce of the said moiiestary, soe that the monkis and breder 
of tliat hous, with good and convenient hospitalitie, canne not nor may be mavn- 
taynned, as to the same it doethe of righte apperteine. I, your poore frende and 
assured good lover, doe marveille therof, conscidering, as I knowe of trouthe, howe 
well and howe lovingly the Abbot of the saide monastery berethe his speciall and 
singuler good mynde and favour to your said lordeshipe, and to my said Lorde of 
Leneux. In somyche as for your boothe causes his lordeshipe haithe suste}nined 
noe litle lakke nor blame, wherunto I have bene and ame privc, and is and wolbe 
as well contente that boothe your lordeshippes shall have your pleasuris in the same 
his monastery as any lordes in all Scotlande, and asmyche hit is his mynde ye 
boothe shalbe Avelcome to that hous, using hit as his frendes and lovinf lordes in 
good and reasonnable maner. And albeit I write thus vnto youre saide lordeshipe. 
yet knoAving your good gentilnes and honour, I doute not but ye woll have 
consideracion to th'effecte of these premisses sondery causes remembred further 
thenne nowe I -wTite vnto youe. Kighte glade I ame, my lorde, that your said 
lordeshipe doothe soe well and soe soburly use your selfF and your servauntis in 
every thing that may be to the contentacion of your soveraine lorde and maister, 
and to the obeisaunce of his preceptis and commaundementis, making noe trans- 
gressiones to the same, not doubting but your lordeshipe soe doing it shall not be 
long, but by the meanes and mediacion of the Kinggis highenes my soveraine lorde 
and maister, a rayche better way shalbe takene for youre reconsiliacion to the 
Quenes favour and redubbing of your estate, thenne canne be by any violence or 
other attemptate by youe to be enterprised at your oune hande. And assuredlv 
your lordeshipe may put your truste and confidence in the Kinggis highenes mv 
maister, and in my lord legates grace, as in those whiche in due and convenient 
tyme wolle not faill to see every thing ordoured as shalbe to your honour, 
proufite, and contentemente. And as a poore raann may, I shall at all t^-mes be a 
meane to and for the same purpos. Letting youe wete that yesterday I receivid 
sondery letters and writinggis frome oute of Einglande. Amonggis other oone 
conteynning newes of such expedicion as the Frenche King haithe by his sodavne 
arivall and reparing into Italy. Copy wherof with this I sende vnto your saide 
lordeshipe, whom Almighty God have in his preservacion. At Edinbur^-he, the 
xiiijth day of December. 

To my Lorde of Angioise, to my Lordes grace. 


82. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to The English Ambassador. 
Kilmaurs, loth December [1524].^ 

Maister Magnus, in my maist hairtlie maner I commend me tho zow, quham 
pleise to vyt I half rasavit zour writting this last Thursday, datyt at Edinburghe, 
the xiiij day of December, ■with the copy of ane byll of tythandis, quharof I thank 
zow hartly, and I ame rycht glad of the samyn. And quhar ze wrj-t tho me 
that it is reportit my Lorde of Lenox and I, with our company and servaunttis, 
purpossis till vse the hous and monestery of Paslaye has our awne vralie ze sail 
knawe that I ame cumyt in this countre tho speik with my Lorde of Lenox, and 
he and I to be togyddir at this tyme of Cristynmes, knawand na thing bot at my 
Lorde of Paslay walde haif beyne weill contentyt of the samyn. And beleif weill 
we will do na thing to the displesour of my Lord of Paslay, prayand his lordship 
tho cum hayme ; and I talk one me thair salbe na thing done till his place nor till 
hyme self bot to his plesour. Prayand zow gif ther be ony thing that I may do 
to zour plesour that ze will charge me, quhome ze sail fynde redy at the ^^e^mest 
of my powar, and ze sa doand ze do me singler plesour, and addettis me tho 
do for zow the residew of my lyf, and forther, God haif zow in his keping. At 
Kylmawr, the xv day of December. 

Zours at command, 

Erl of Angus. 

Till the rycht honorable and his traist frende Maister Magnus, Ambaxater 
tho the Kingis grais of England e, etc. 

8.3. Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English Ambassador, to Archibald, sixth 
K\RL of Angus, to persuade him not to favour the French party. 
December [1524].- 

To the righte honorable th'erle of Angwisshe. 
Myne oune good Lorde, full hartely I recommauude me vnto your good lordeshipe, 
aduertissing the same that of late Master George your broder aoertaynned me of 
the ariving at Dombar of the twoe galees with the Duke of Albeny's ser\'auntes, 
with further matier, wherof I doute not but at the same tyme your said lordeshipe 
had woorde frome your said broder, and thenne I advert issed hymm to putte youe 

^ Original in Public Record Office, LouJon. 
2 Original in British Museum, Loudon. 


in remembiaunce to see that by noe subtill meanes nor crafte ye shulde be circum- 
vented to the Frenshe favors, and that asniychc as ye couthe ye shulde kepe boothe 
my Lorde of Leneux and other your freudes froine that purpoos. 

Mi Lorde, as the une I wroote to your said broder, righte soe nowe, hering 
that many practises be in hande, aswell fur appointing trestes and nietingges as 
for other meanes to induce lordes and noble menu to the oppynnyons of sundery 
persons, I advise youe to take speciall regarde and fore sighte, or that ye shall 
enter to farre uppon any lighte or sodeine mocion to be mooved unto your 
lordeshipe, aitlier by any your oune frendes or other; for as I here myche crafte is 
used nowe, boothe by spirituall and temporall persons, to induce noble menn, some 
oone waye and some ane other, doutefull to the surety of the yong King, your 
soveraine lorde and maister, and for the weall of this his realrae. And therfore 
I truste ye woll not be haisty, aither for any fayre woordes or promyses, to enter 
into any causes, oonles ye doe surely see the same be for the weall and prosperous 
maynteynnyng of the said yong King, your maister, to his estate and dingnite 
royall ; and specially that ye fall not to the devocion of Fraunce, for if ye soe 
shulde doe as some doe reapoorte and susspecte, it shall clerely be to your oune 
distraction, whiche God defende. Your surety is that ye hoolde faste and firmely 
to your saide maister, and to intromytte with noe doutefull matiers but by the 
counseill, advice, and consent of the Kingges said highenes my maister, or of my 
said Lorde Legates grace ; for your lordeshipe soe doing shall fynde that way mooste 
for your weall, proufite, and surety, and fynally to the gretteste advauncement of 
your honnour, and with the favour of God to youre long contynuaunce in the same. 
Mi Lorde, as ye precede in your nietingges and commynnyng of your causes, I truste 
ye woll give me some advertismeutes of the same. 

84.- Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to The English Ajsibassadou, in 
answer to the latter's. Melrose, 1st January [1525].^ 

My Lorde Ambassatur, I recommende me hartly oneto zou. Plesit zou to uuder- 
stande that I rasavit ane writyng of zoures this Setterdaye, the last daye of 
December, and quhar that ze writ to me that ze wer advertesit be my bruder 
of the cumyne of the Duke of .Ubanyis tua galais, of the quhilk I gat avertesyn, 
with all the tydandes that thai wald tell playnly ; and C[uhar ze desir me in zour 
writeniss that I be not, be no suttell menis nor craft, circumvendit to the Franss 
^ Original in British Museum. Loudon. 


faver, and that I sulde kep my lorde of Lenox, and all vtheris of my frendis, fra 
the same, the quhilk I sail do to the utermost of my power. I will kep all that 
I promist oneto the Kynge zour master, and I beleiif that he will do the same to 
me. I mervell grettumly that ze writ not to me off the Kynge of Inglaud 
mynde, consideran ze knaw quhat part that I haff kepit onetill hym, and ze avertiss 
me na thj-nge of the Quenis mynde, nor quhat ze haifF done in till that matter. 
The Kynges grace off Inglande promist oneto me, gytf the Quhene wald not use 
his consall, that he sulde tak my part in hyr contraire, the quhilk I beleiif scho 
has not done, and I haff fulfiUit all that I promist, and sail do Avith the f^race of 
God. Therfor I pray zou that ze will writ me all tydandes with this present 
berar ; and gyff ther be ony plesar that I may do for zou, advertis me, and I will 
do it with all my hart, and God haff zou in his kepynge. At Mulross, this fyrst 
day of Januar. 

Zours at command, 

Erl of Axguss. 
To my lorde ambassator to the Kynges grace of Inglande. 

85. The Sajvie to The Sa^ie, as to the Queen's conduct, and other matters. 
St. Andrews, 27th January 1525.^ 

My Lord Embassatour, in to my maist hartlie maner I commend me to zou, 
and hes resevit zour gude effectous writyne at Glammis, the xx day of Januare, 
datyt of Edanbrucht, the xviij day of the sammyne, quhilk baris the effek of ane 
writyne send last be me to zou, ande alss zour lordschip assuris me of the Kyngis 
grace of Yngland will conclud nor desarne one na materis, bot in sik maner that 1 
sail knaw the gret kyndnes of his hynes. My Lord, veraly I beleif surly the 
sammyne, becauss I ame rycht sure his moist desyre, nixt the honour of his awine 
realme and persone, is the weilfaire, honour, ande gydyne of my suffrane, quhais 
hyenes, with the grace of God, I sail serf alss trewlye, with alss gude hart as ony 
uthir barone of his realme, quhilk I knaw moist plesand to the Kyngis grace of 
Yngland, to hwoys heynes I ame more indettyt thane all thai leiffand, excej e 
my sutferane. 

Ande ass twychjTie the Quenys grace, quhar zour lordschip beleiffis with zour 
gude lawboris scho salbe resouyt towart me, and at hyre grace spekis no dis- 
pleseind wourdis of me, quhilk I cane nocht persave, becauss hyre grace writis to 
part of my lordis to conweyne, in the quhilk I fyude me ay exceppyt. Howbeyt, 

^ Original in British Museum, London. 

I traist it ware na dishonour to hyre grace tliocht I ware requyrit witht utheris, 
and I mae haif pacience quhill God provyd hyre gud mynd tuwert me, quhilk I 
wald ware sene. 

And quhare zour lordschip writis the cummyne of Grosells and the maner, to 
lytill efFek as ze understande, howbeyt I beleif uthir wayis, ande ane gret Commis- 
sioun with gret credens, and as I cousyder uneknawine to zow, with a speciale 
artikle agains me for my cummyne furtht of Tranche, and passynge in Ynland, for 
the quhilk the Kinge of France ande the Duk of Albany are gretly displesyt, and 
hes writan the sam to the Quenys grace in the scharpest maner thai cann dewiss, 
becauss thai knaw surly I will serf the Kingis grace my maister alss fermly as 
ony uthir his lege, ande gif ze haif gottine na knawlege heireof, zour wisdome wait 
quhat ze haif ado. 

Ande becauss I wes sa longe in ansureynge zour writeynge, I hed nocht 
spokine with my lordis quhilkis standis of gude mynde to serf the Kingis grace, 
as ze sail understand, will God, sone, ande for the common weill, ande to help to 
mak unite betuix this realme ande Yngland. 

My Lord, veraly I dout nocht zour gude mynde towart me, as I funds in all 
tymes bygayne sence I was acqyntit with zow, ande thankis zow gretly of zour gude 
consal bygayne, and also prays zow of zour consal in tjTiie cummyne, and gif tlier 
be ony sted pleseir that I may do, I pray zow cha[rge] me ther to, as I sail be 
reddy to the same, will God, qulioy haif zow in his kepynge. Of Sanctandris, the 
xxvij dai of Januare. 

Yburis at command, 

Erl of Angus. 

86. Sir George Douglas, brother of the Earl of Angus, to Sir Christopher 
Dacre, as to an interview. Coldstream, 31st January [1525].^ 

Wyrschipfull Ser, — I recommend me to zow one my maist hartly maner. It 
wyll pleiss zow to remember that my Lord of Anguyss wrait oneto zow, certyfeinge 
zow that he suld meit zow at Caldstreme this Setterday bypast the xxviii day of 
Januare, and he micht nocht cum fro greit besenes he hed ado, he causit me to cum 
to Caldstreme with his haill mynd, and I haif gottyne na word fra zow, of the quliilk 
I haif gret mervell, be causs I haif remanit iiij dayis efter the said day that wess 
affixit, I may remane na langer for gret Ijesenes that I haif in other partis ; therfor I 
pray zow, gyf ze haif any wrytt}Tigis to my Lord of Anguyss, or credence from the 
^ Original in British Museum, Loudon. 


Kyngis grace of Ingland, that ze wyll send the said wryttyngis with the credence to 
my Lade of Caldstrcme, or to Doctor Magnus the Kyngis arabassatour of Ingland. 
My Lord of Anguiss thinkis gret mervell tliat he gettis nocht the Kyngis gracis 
uter mynd, becauss my Lord Dacris wrait oneto his lordschipe that ze had the 
Kyngis mynd to schaw oneto him, desyringe his lordschipe to gyf zow credence 
as to himself, therfor I pray zow that ze wald haist the wryttines to my Lord of 
Anguiss, and God haif zow in his kepyne. Wryttyne at Caldstrcme, this Tysdy 
the last day of Januare, 

Be zouris at powar, 

George, jNL^ster of Anguss. 

To ane rycht wirshipelfull knycht, Ser Crissell Dacris, 

87. WiLLiAii Douglas, Prior of Coldingham, to Cardinal "VVolsey, as to 
the Papal bulls in his favour. Edinburgh, 1st March [1525].^ 

My Lord, oneto zoure nobyle grace my sempyll service humlie I commend, plesit 
zoure lordschip to be ramembryt at my departynge, at [I] schewe oneto zou theuch- 
and ray benifece of Coldinghame, the quhilk the Kingis grace and zoure lordschip 
schewe me at thaire sould be deligence doune to Roume in all gedlie haist, of the 
quhilk my broder George schewe me at it plesit zoure grace to schawe hymm 
at his departinge at ze had gottin ansure fra the Court of Roume, makynge 
mensione at the materis was sped anente the buUis cuming of Coldinghame in 
Scotland, or Cr}'stmaesse last bypassit, and sene syne I hard ne word therof; 
tharefor I besek zoure grace at I may have perfyct knawlaige thaire in quhat I 
ma lyppiue to do, at I ma do therefter for my part to advaisse makis to beleif at 
the bullis of Coldinghame ar speed for hymm, therfor I beseik zoure grace at ze 
wald declare me this douct, and at I mycht have zoure gracious ansure with the 
fjTst poist at cumis betuex, and to deliver thame to the embassatere, JNLiister 
Magnus, the quhilk wyll cauis thame to come to my hendis in all deligence, and 
gyf thaire be ony service at zoure grace wyll command me or ony of myne, [? our] 
alegeance saiffyt, we sail be redy at command. Xocht ellx ; bot the Haly Trinite 
have zoure nobyll grace in kepinge at zoure hartis desyre. At Edinburghe, the 
fyrst day of Merche. 

Be zoure gracis humle servand at command, 

Welzaime Dougulos of Coldingame. 
To my Lord Cardinallis gud grace in Ingland. 

^ Original in British Museiim, London. 

88. ARCiiir.ALD, SIXTH Earl of Angus, to Cardinal "Wolsey, that the 
Queen will in no way accept him. Edinburgh, 8th Alarch [15 25].^ 

My service beand recommendit in my maist laulie maner unto zoure grace, pleiss 
zoure grace to be remembrit that my lordis and I made ane writing to the Kingis 
hienes, of the quhilk writing we haif resavit the Kingis ansuere, thaukand his 
nobill hienes of the gude mynde that he beris towart the Kingis grace oure 
souerane maister and his realme, and us that ar his subiectis, and alsa the Kingis 
hienes and zoure grace desirit me, at my parting, that I suld be ane gude servand 
to the Kingis grace my sourane lord, to help at my power for to put unyte, 
Concorde, and pece betuix ther twa realmeis, and for to draw the grete menu of 
this realme fra the way of France, and fra the Duke of Albanyis cast. To thir 
foresaid poyntis I have done my utir diligence, baith with my persoune, frejTidis 
and gudis, and nocht sparit for fere, nor displessour of na maner of persoune, bot 
aluterly regardand the weill of my souerane, and plessour of the Kingis hienes 
and zoure grace. I have drawyn the maist parte of the lordis of this realme to 
my cast, and that was nocht done without grete pane and travell, zoure grace 
beand remembrit that the Kingis hienes and ze causit me to mak ane band, that 
I suld nocht intrometc with the Quenys gracis persoune, landis, nor gudis, unto the 
tyme that his hienes mycht causs his ambassatouris to speke with the Quenys grace, 
to se gif scho wald be contentit, at the plessour of the King of Ingland, for to 
trete me as hir husband, and I agane to do hir grace plessour, stede, and service, 
according to hir estate and honoure, at the sicht of the King hir brother. I haif 
at all tymeis offerit my service to hir grace, bot scho will onn na wise be contentit 
with me, bot perseveris ever mare in hir evill mynde contrary me and all that 
takis my way ; thareiore I beseke the Kingis hienes and zoure grace, that ze 
wil be contentit that I may intromett with all thingis that pertenis to the Quene 
that I haif richt to, baithe of resoune and gude conscience, and gif nede beis 
that I may haif the Kingis help and zouris incontrare hir, and all that will 
tak hir parte, according to the Kingis promyss and zouris, for I have at my 
sympU power done the Kingis hienes and zoure grace the best . . . that I 
couth in thir partis, and sail persevere in the samyn. Ferthir I wrait boith 
to the Kingis hienes and to zoure grace for twa beneficis that war vakand in 
Scotland, the one callit the Bischoprik of Murray, the uthir callit the Abbacy 
of Melrose, and as zit I have nocht gottin na ansuere from the Kingis hienes 
^ Original in British Museum, London. 


and zoure grace, gif ze half gottin the promocioune fra Eome of ony of thai 
saidis beneficis to my brothir, nor [zit] haifF gottin na ansuere fra zoure 
giace anentis the the bullis of the Abbacy of Coldinghame, that zoure grace 
promyst to me when I was with zou my self. My hoill troist of all thir materis 
ar in to zoure grace. I beleif that I sail do swa in thir partis, that the King and 
ze sail nocht think it tynt ... to me, I haif maid no diligence to the Popis 
holynes, becaus I belevit zoure grace wald remember parte apoune me. And as for 
tythingis in this realme I refer thame to the Kingis ambassatour, for I beleif he 
has writtin thame at lenth to zoure grace. I beseke zoure grace to tak so moch 
pane apoune ... to recommend my sympill service to the Kingis moist noble 
hienes, and to the Quenys grace. Des[irand] zour gracis ansuere agane of all thir 
forsaid poyntis ; and gif thare be ony service that I may do [to the] plessour of 
zoure grace in to this realme, charge me and I sal be reddy, as God knawis, quhay 
[preserve] zoure nobill grace at zour hartis desyre and plessour. Written at 
Edinburghe, the viij day of . . . moneth of March, be 

Zouris at command, 

Erl of Angus. 
To my Lord Cardinalis grace of Ingland. 

89. The Saj^ie to The Saj^ie, as to the Queen, vacant benefices, etc. 
Edinburgh, 29th March [1525].i 

My Lorde, in my maist hartely maner my service beand recommendifc unto zoure 
grace with detfull reverence, I have ressavit zoure lettres, datit at Brydwell the 
xvj day of this instant Marche, and thankis zoure grace of zoure said hartelie 
wrytingis, gude and lo\'ing m}Tide towart me at all tymmez. And quhare zoure 
grace thankis me of my gude bering and havingis towart the King my soverane, 
for the wele of baith the realmmez, sence my last cummyng in Scotland, in that 
mater I refer me to the Kingis ambassiatoure, Maister Magnus, gif I have nocht 
done my uter power to bring all materis in this cuntre to ane gude and fynale 
resolucioune, in sa fer as lyis in me, twiching all the poyntis and artikillis the 
Kingis hienes and zoure grace desirit me to fulfill at my departing. And quhare 
the Kingis hienes and zoure grace dessiris me, be zoure ^vriting, to supersede the 
intrometting with the landis or gudis pertenyng to the Quenys grace, for ane 
^ Original in British Museum, London. 


schort tyme, makand mencioune in the samyn Avritingis that the Kingis grace 
has writtm schar])]ie unto hir at this tyme, beleiffing, eftir the sicht thareof, scho 
sail stand bettir myndit to me nor scho did of before ; I am sory the Kingis 
hienes and zoure grace has tane sa meckle pane in that mater, and na thing 
cummyne til effect. As for me, I ever was and is reddy to use the Kingis and 
zoure gracis command and counsale in that mater and all utheris, myne alligiance 
to my soverane anerly except ; and besekis the Kingis hienes and zoure grace to 
be contentit that I intromett withe the Quenys landis and gudis sa fer as I aucht 
of richt and gude conscience, and forthir I will nocht desyre. I made mencioune 
in my uthir wrytingis, lately send to zoure grace of before, off twa beueficis 
vakand in this realme, the bischoprik of Murray and abbacy of ^lelroiss, desiring 
the Kingis hienes and zoure grace, for the service and plessoure I mycht do the 
samyne, it wald have plesit zow to have lauborit for the promocioune therof at 
the Courte of Rome to my brother, other for one or boith, and I have gottin na 
ansuere quhat is done in that behalf, and besekis zoure grace it will like zow to 
advertiss me in write quhat ze have done theranent, and quhat I sail lippin to 
tharein. And forther, I wald be advertist gif zoure grace has gottin the bullis of 
Coldingame to my said brother, or gif thai may nocht be sped, that I may lauboure 
sum uther way for the help therof, for my hale traist is in the Kingis hienes and 
zouris of thir materis above writtin. And as for all tythingis in ther partis, I 
refer to the Kingis ambassiatour, JMaister Magnus, quhilk I traist will write the 
samyne at lenthe to zoure grace. Over this, my Lord, I have avisit the said 
Maister Magnus to write unto zoure grace to causs the Kingis hienes, at his 
plessour, to send soim litill thingis for tokynnys to the King my maister, as hornys, 
bowis, arrowis, pursis, or uthir like plesuris, and that I may have the deliveray 
of thame, quhareby I traist to kepe his grace in bettir trane towart his said hienes 
than he has bene afore. And gif thare be ony service I may do to the Kingis 
hienes and zoure grace in thir partis, I am and sal be ay reddy to fulfill the 
samj-ne at the utermaist of my power, as knawis oure Lord God, quha have zoure 
grace in his happy tuitioune and governance. At Edinburghe, the xxix day of 

Be zoure grac humyl servitoure, 

Erl of Anguss. 

To my Lorde CardinaOis grace of Zork. 


90. The Same to King Henry the Eighth, as to the Queen of Scots. 
Edinburgh, Sth June [1525].^ 

Eight excellent, richt hie and mychty prince, in my maist humyll maner I com- 
mend my hartlie service to zoure grace, and thankis the sarayn of zoure gracius 
favoure and tokennys gevin unto me, nocht only for that, hot al uthir grete 
rewardis and thankis done to me all uthir tymes, quhareapoune I sal be remembrit 
and do zoure grace pleseris and gude service, als I am addettit to do before all 
utheris nixt my soverane zoure nevo, the King of Scotland, as I sail, God willing', 
preif in dede during my naturall life, Pleiss zoure hienes, I have schewiu my 
humyll sote and service to the Quenys grace zoure sister, how be it it is nocht 
accept, bot scho remanys in Striveling fra hir sonn the Kingis grace, and is rulit 
by me withe ane parciall, evill avisit consale, agains the law of God and haly 
kirk ; and, as God knawis, I have kepit my parte towart hir and utherv/ayis, as 
I promyst to zoure grace and to my Lord Cardinal, and ay abade at zoure and his 
commandment tharein, and sa sail continew. Richt sa the sovirance takin in 
Parliament betuix hir grace and me, quhill this last "Witsonday, I have observit 
and kepit in all poyntis, and nocht intromettit with nother hir landis, malis, 
fermes, nor gudis in the meyntyme, as I traist Maister Magnus, zoure hienes 
ambassiatoure here present, canne testify ; and gif thare be ony service or stede 
that I may do to the plessour of zoure hie grace, it sal be ay redy at command, at 
my power nixt my a\Tie souerane, as knawis the eterne God, Cjuhay, richt excel- 
lent, richt hie and mychty prince, conserve zoure hienes in gude and lang life. 
Writtin at Edinburgh, . . . viij day of Junii, 

Be zour humyll servant, 

Erle of Anguss. 

To the richt excellent, richt hie and mychty prince the Kingis grace of 

91. The Same to Cardinal Wolsey, that the Queen continues to refuse his 
service. Edinburgh, Sth June [1525].- 

My Lorde, in my maist humyll and lauly maner I commend my hartlie service to 

zoure grace, quhilk pleiss uitt, I have writtin to the Kingis hienes tuiching all 

materis, the copy of the quhilk pleiss zow to ressave, and consider, inclusit %vithin 

^ Original in British Museum, Loudon. ^ mj^^ 

thir presentis ; beseking zoure grace it will pleiss zow to have my humyll service 
recommendit to the Kingis hienes, thanking the samyn of his gude and gracius 
favouris and tokynnis gevin to me, quhilk I knaw is movit and procedis of zoure 
gracis favoure and gude reporte, praying zow sa to continew and persevere, 
quhome in my ferme traist is. And as for my parte and beriug towart the 
Quenys grace of Scotland, I have writtin at lenthe to the Kingis hienes in that 
behalf, as zoure grace may consider be the said copy thareof. I am sory the Kingis 
hienes and zoure grace has takin sa mekkle pyne to have causit hir takin gude 
purpois and ways betuix hir grace and me, and scho dois nocht tharefore. I was 
and is reddy to use the King and zoure gracis command and counsale in that 
mater, and al utheris, myne allegiance to my souerane lorde except. Attoure I 
thank zoure grace of the grete laubouris and diligence done for my brother 
Williame anentis liis promocioune to Coldinghame ; and gif thare be ony service 
or stede I may do to the Kingis hienes and zoure grace in thir partis, I am and 
sal be reddy to fulfill the samyn at the uttirmaist of my power, as knawis the 
eteme God, quhay have zoure grace in his happy tuitioune and governance. At 
Edinburghe, the viij day of Junii. 

Be zoure servitoure, 

Ekl of Anguss. 

To my Lorde Cardinallis grace of Zork. 

92. The Same to King Henry the Eighth, that he had presented the King's 
gifts to King James the Fifth, Edinburgh, 23d August [1525].-^ 

^Maist excellent, maist hie, and maist potent prince, I commend my humyll 
service unto zoure hienes in my maist lauly maner, quhilk pleiss I have ressavit 
zuure hienes louabil lettrez send to me at this tyme, datit at zoure castell of 
Wyndessoure the last day of Julii bipast, and I, with zoure servitoure and 
ambassiatoure, Maister Thomas Magnus, has deliverit zoure honorabill giftis and 
remembrancis to my maister and souerane lorde, zoure nevo, richt convenient for 
his plessour, and disportis baith of hunting and halkiug, according to this present 
seson, quhilkis he has gladelie accept, and wele plesit thareof, and will use the 
samyu for zoure saik, and gifiis zoure hienes grete thankis tharefor, nocht ouely 
fur this, bot for sindry honorabble and substancial giftis gevin to him of before, 
^ Original in British Museum, London. 


quhilk lie beris in perfite memor, and thiukis him adettit to zoure grace above all 
uthir levand, as Avele accordis him to do, considering the proximite and nerenes of 
blude he standis in to zoure hienes. And mareoure, zoure said ambassiatoure and 
I, one zoure behalf, joyntly has schewin unto my said souerane, that gif thare be 
ony uther thing quharein zoure grace may knaw he takis delite, or solace of for 
his recreacioune and pastyme, gif it be in zoure reaime, ze being advertist thareof, 
he sail noclit fale to have it, as I traist zoure said ambassiatoure has writtin to 
zoure hienes in this behalf at mare large ; and gif thare be ony service or plessour 
I may do in this cuntre to zoure hienes, it sal be ay reddy at my litill power, 
as knawis omnipotent God, quha, maist excellent, niaist hie, and maist potent 
prince, mot have zow in his happy tuitioune and governance. "Writtin at 
Edinburgh, the xxiiij day of August, 

Be zoure humyl servand, 

Archbald, Erl of Anguss. 

To the maist excellent, maist hie, and maist potent prince, the Kingis grace 
of Ingland. 

93. The Same to King Henry the Eighth, acknowledging the King's letters, 
and as to the peace. Edinburgh, 31st December [1525].^ 

Maist excellent, maist hie and mychty prince, my humyll service being laulie 
recommendit to zoure hie grace ; pleiss the samyn to knaw that the Lordis of my 
souerane lordis and maisteris Counsale, chosin in Parliament, of quham I am ane, 
has resavit zoure richt honorabble and lovabill lettrez deliverit be zoure traist 
servitoure and counsaloure. Maister Thomas Magnus, archdene of Est Eydene, 
datit at Wyndissore the vj day of December instant, quharrby thai weill persavis 
zoure hienes havand freyndfull and hartlye respect to the honoure of zoure derrest 
nevo, oure said souerane and maister, and kyndely lufe ze here to him, postponyng 
all uther avantage and profittis ; persaving clerely als baitli be zoure lettrez the 
honorabble credence and gude repoi'te made to the saidis lordis be zoure saiil f:imi- 
liare and counsaloure, that zoure hienes intendis always the honoure and suretye 
of zoure said derrest nevo, and to have perfite lufe, amyte, and kyndenes betuix 
zow, zoure realmmez and subgettis, as at mare large is ex]>ressit in zoure saidis 
lettrez. As for my parte, twiching the peax. I have done exact diligence be my 
solicitacioune at al my lordis. to bring the samyn to gude and fynale conclusioune 
* Original in British Museum, London. 

to zoure hienes plesere and desire at my power, howbeit that thare is sindry 
unfreyndis and evill willaris in this cuntre discontentit thareof and of the hartelie 
aggreans betuix zoiire hienes and zoiire said nevo oure maister, that ay procuris 
and solistis at tliare poweris to mak divisiounc and brek the cuntre. And mare- 
oure, the saidis lordis and I, with consent of zouro said familiare and counsaloure, 
has devisit and ordanit dais of convencioiine and meting with zoure wardanis one 
that side, for making of dew redres for my said soueranys parte, quhilk has nocht 
bene sa wele performyt throw emenent be.-ynes and impedimentis that occunit for 
the tyme, as resoune requyris ; hot with help of God, at the next dais of treuis I 
sal be in proper persoune, and sail mak sic redres as lyis in the utermaist of my 
powere, that apoune resoune fait sail nocht be fundyn in me in that behalf ; and gif 
ony my unfreyndis has or wald mak ony sinister reporte or informacioune of me 
to zoure hienes, that it will like the samyn to gif na faith nor credence thareto, 
quhm ze knaw my parte and understand the verite, for my minde sal never be 
to faill to zoure gracius hienes, nor is nocht my parte to . . . bot to kepe zow 
lawtye and service before all utheris under God, my said souerane except, con- 
sidering the grete gentrice and humanite done to me be zoure excellence, sindry 
wais, quhilk I sail here in recent memor to my lyvis end. Maist excellent, 
hie and mychty prince, the blissit Trinite mot have zoure hienes in his gracius 
keping and governance. A^'rittin at Edinburgh, the last day of the said instant 

Be zoure humyl servand, 

Archbald Erl of Anguss. 

To the maist excellent, maist hie and mychty prince, the Kingis hienes of 

94. The Same to Cardinal AVolsey, promising to keep better order on the 
Borders. Edinburgh, 31st December [1525].^ 

My Lorde, my humyll service being laulie recomraendit to zoure grace, it will 
pleiss the samyn to be advertist that I have resavit zoure lettrez fra Maister 
Thomas Magnus, dene of Est Rydene, familiare and counsaloure to the Kingis 
hienes of Ingland, quhareby I persave zoure grace in a parte discontentit with me, 
for non redres and dew reformacioune for my soverane lordis parte, of all attemp- 
^ Original in British Museum, Loudon. 


tatis done apoune the Inglis bordouris agains the nature of peax be Scottis monne 
under my ■v\'ardanery. 

My Lorde, plesit zoure grace understand that this tyme past, for emanent besynes 
I had ado towart tlie Kingis grace my maister, and uther impedimentis, 1 mycht 
nocht pas myself to the bordouris for reformacioune and making of dew redress, 
as my will was, and as resoune requyris, as in a parte I traist the said Maister 
Thomas kennys ; qi;harefore I humely beseke zoure grace to hald me excusit at 
this tyme. And now, for refonnacioune and redres of sic attemptatis, the lordis 
of the King my maisteris secrete counsale, with consent of the said Maister 
Thomas Magnus, has ordanit and devisit me to mete and convene with tlie 
wardanis of the bordouris of Ingland fornentis the Merss and Tevidale within 
Scotland, for making and taking of dew redres one athir syde, quhilk I sail kepe, 
God willing, in propir persoune, and do that lyis in the uttermaist of my power 
for redres for my said soveranys parte, sa that apoune resoune the fait sail nocht 
be fundyn in me in that behalf. I have writtin at mare lenthe in this and uther 
materis tuiching the peax to the Kingis hienes of Ingland, as zoure grace will 
persave be the samyn, besekand zoure grace to stand my gude and gracius lorde, 
as ze have done all uthir tymmez, and beleve wele I sail kepe my lautie and service 
to the Kingis hienes of ludand and to zoure grace eudurins: mv naturall life, next 
my sade soverane lorde and maister of Scotland, as kuawis the blissit Lorde, quha 
have zoure grace in his gracius keping and governance. Writtin at Edinburglie, 
the last day of December, 

Be zoure servand, 

Arx'HBALD Erl of Anguss. 
To my Lorde Cardinalis grace of Zork. 

95. The Earls of Angus, Argyll, and Lennox, to the Earl of West- 
morland. Affairs in Scotland. Edinburgh, 10th January- [1526].^ 
Old copy. 

A[y Lorde, oure traist and welebelovit cousing, we commende ws hartelie to zow, 
and has sene zour writing desiring to knaw gif this next diet appoyntit apoune 
the bordouris sail surelie halde or nocht. 

My Lorde, sua it is that thare is certeine evill myndit persounes, seying 
that the peax sail pas to a fynale conclusioune betuix thir twa priucis oure 
^ -Original in Public Record OflBce, London. 

masteris, and thartlirow justice apperandly sail have place aganis thare aulde 
and ingenerit myschevis and rebelliounis, lias persuadit gretar personage thane 
thare sclfiis to mak convocaciounis, and unleful conventikillis and counsallis, 
tending, gif it war in thare power, to mak impediment to the redres and all other 
glide materis occurrande, alswele in putting of gude ordoure A\'ithin this realme as 
iu keping of lufe, amyte, and kyndenes betuix oure said soverains. Assuring 
zow, my Lorde, that rather sail we lois our livis thane thay persounis cum to thare 
unhappy purpois ; and with helpe of Gode and gude assistaunce of zoure soverane, 
ether bring thame to obedience schortlie, or ellis to confusioune. And of the 
rumour and fame of this mater this berare has herde, hot the verray treuth 
hereof oure gude freynd Maister Thomas Magnus, quhais knawis oure myndis as 
oure selffis, will schawe zoure lordship at lenthe. Praying zow, my Lorde, consider- 
ing oure purpois is fermly set for the wele and plesur of baith the princis and 
thare realmes, that ye remove nocht of the bordouris, quhil ze here forther of 
oure besynes here, sua that ze and otheris of zour soveranis counsale being thare 
may be rcddy to all thingis that beis for the plesur of zoure prince. And Gode 
have zour lordschip in keping. Oft' Edinburghe, the x day of Januare. 

96. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Mr. Thomas ]\Iagnus, the 
English Ambassador, as to a march against the Queen's party at 
Linlithgow, etc. Edinburgh, 20th January [15 2G].^ 

Right Honourable Sir, in my maist hartlie wise I commend me unto zow, quham 
pleiss witt thare has bene sindry dietis appoyntit for redres one athir side the 
bordouris of baith the realmez, as zit unkepit, quhilk is to me na litill displessour 
and grevance, as knawis God and all my Lord is here, albeit the fait is nocht in 
thame nor me, bot is stoppit tharefra for certane resonabble causis and grete 
besynes now occureing in this realme, oure maister and soverane being of minorite, 
nocht as zit put to gude ordoure. And now my Lordis of my maister the Kingis 
Consale ar avising with all thare besynes to have schortlie sic provisioune that in 
tyme ... it sail nocht nede the twa princis nor thare counsalis to be occupiit or 
movit tharewith, as at mare la[nth] the saidis Lordis has writtin to zow at this 
tyme. Praying zow that suppois it be to zow pane and la[ubour] quhilk ze have 
had diverss t}'nimez, for the lufe ze here to baithe the realmes, for the pece and 
perf . . . lufe and cherite betuix baith the princis, ze will excuse me to my gude 
^ Original iu British Museum, Londou. 


Lord of WestmurelanJ, and uth[eri3] the wardaiiis, to have pacience for xv days, 
as my Lordis has requeistit zow, and thane, or sonare ... I sail advertiss znw 
dietis salbe kepit, God willing, for dew redress. As for tithingis here sence zoure 
departing, the Kingis hienes my maister, my Lordis of Ergile, Levenax, and T, being 
with him, departit of Edinhurghe this last "Wedinsday with mony nobble menn, 
to the noumer of vij thousand men one fute and horss, or thareby, on xij houris 
warnj'ng, towart the tonne of Lithqw, for the resisting of my soveranis conspira- 
touris aganis his autorite, thare being in the said toune, that is to say, the Erles 
of Arane, Eglingtoune, and Ca[ssilis '?], the Lord Ross, the Lord Sympill, the Lord 
Avandale, the Lord Hume, the Abbot of Jedworthe, the Maister . . . , the Lard of 
Farnyhirst, and diverss utheris, quhilkis or the King and we come to Lithqw, be 
Loure . . . war waru}'t of oure cummyng. and incontinent thereftir dislugit thare 
self, fled, and left the tou[ne], quhare we lugit that nycht, and sone eftir thare 
departing, the Quene, and with hir the Erie of []\Iurray], the Bischop of Eoss, and 
sindry utheris northland menne, war cummand fra Striveling to Lithqw, nocht 
knaw[ing] of the King my maister and oure cummj-ng, traisting to have fund}Tie 
before hir the Erlle of Arane and the saidis utheris persounes his complicis, met 
thame be the way, eftir thai fled, and [thai] exponit to hir and hir cump[any] the 
maner, and causit hir and thame to retume agane, and pas to Hammyltoune, as tlnii 
did. And the said Erie of Murray and the northland menn being with him, seing 
that thai mycht nocht mak thare pa . . . and the Erie of Arane had made wrang 
informacioune to the Quene and him, left them and come to the King to Lithqw 
that nycht, and was resavit be me a myle outwith the toune, and the lardis and 
gentilmenn with him come all to me and offerit thare service; and now the said 
Erie and thai ar here in Edinburghe with the Kingis grace, and will nocht leif 
him. As for the Quenys grace, thare salbe na fait fundin in me, hot we sail aggre 
schortly, as salbe understandin to the Kingis hienes hir sonn, all my lordis here, 
and to zow that kennys hir parte and myne, als wele as oure self, and prays zow 
have me [recom]mendit to my said Lord of Westmureland. And the blissit 
Trinite have zow in his happy tuitioune. At Edinburghe, the xxth day of 
Januare, and subscrivit with my hand. 

Zour luffing frend, 

Erl of Anguss. 

To ane richt honorabble mann and his welebelovit maister Thomas ^lagnus, 
Archidene of Est Rydene, counsaloure to the Kingis grace of Inglaund. 


97. The S.OIE to The S.ajme, excusing himself from attending on the day 
fixed for meeting the English Wardens. Edinburgh, 15th March 

My Lord A^^ibassiatour, in my maste hartlie maner I commend me to zoure 
lordschip, ciuhilk pleiss uit I ressavit zour •\vritingis last send to me the xiiij day 
of this instant monthe, makand mentioune, that the Lordis of my mastir the Kingis 
Counsale ^\Tait to zou that I suld half wrettin and advertist my Lord the Erie of 
Westmourland of the day and place to have beene kepit for meting at the day 

My Lord, verraly there is sindry causis ressounable occurring heire, sence I 
wrait to zou befor \nthe the messingere, that I micht noclit kepe the day appoyntit 
tlierfor, nor advertist my said Lord of Westmourland of the place. First, ze sail 
understand ther is novellis and wrytingis laitly cumin furthe of France fra the 
Duk of Albany to certane Lordis of this cuntre, as I beleif, his welewillaris, quhar- 
throw sence syne thai grow the mair hie and wantoune. Secoundlie, certane 
bordoraris that suld half enterit plegis for making of dew redres hering thir said 
novellis, and departit witheout licence, and enterit na plegis in pourposs to stop 
redres, quhilk, God willing, it sail nocht ly in ther power. Thridly, as the caiss 
standis, I dar nocht aventure to depart fra the kepiug of the Kingis persoune for 
danger that may appeir, for all the Lordis ar departit of toune, and nane uther 
Lordis remanyng with his grace as now, bot my Lordis of Glasgw, Levyernox, 
and I. And as I beleif the Kingis grace of Ingland nor ze suld be contentit that 
I depart fra the keping of my said soveranis persoune in this tyme of necessite. 
sik parrell appering and brekis throw thir lait novellis. Herefor I beseik zoure 
lordschip effectuou?ly to have consideracioune and pacieuce of me at this tyme, 
that wrytis to zow the verite, and to half me excusit to my said Lord of West- 
mourland, for the caussis forsaid, that I micht nocht kepe the day trew afoire 
appoyntit, nor advertist him of the place of meting, quhill efterwartis that thir 
materis may be better adressit and put to ordour ; for I assure zow, hereefter 
with help of God, I sail do my deligence, at the uttermaist of my power, that 
redres and gud reull sail be kepit one the bordoris for this syde, and that the fait 
sail nocht be fund in me, as sail be knawin to the Kingis grace of Ingland, and tu 
all his realme. I neid nocht to writ at this tyme to my said Lord of Westmour- 
land, for I wait ze will advertist him of this my myiide in every behalf, to quhom 
^ Original iu British Museum, London. 

I pray zou commend me, and the blissit Lord liaif zoure lordschip in his gracious 
keping. Off Edinburghe, the xv day of Marche, and subscrivit with my hand. 

Zour luffyng frend, 

Erl of Axguss. 
To my Lord Ambassiatour to the Kingis grace of Ingland. 

98. Mr. Thomas Magnus, the English Ambassador, to Archibald, sixth 
Earl of Angus, as to the latter's fiiilure to keep his appointment with 
the Earl of Westmoreland. Berwick, 18th March [152G]. Old copy. ^ 

RiGHTE honourable and myne oune good Lorde, after due recommendacioun unto 
your goode lordeshipe, ye shall understande I have received your letter, dated at 
Edinburghe the xvth day of this instaunte monethe, the contynue wherof I conceive 
all at large comprised thre articles, excusing that ye kepe not the day of true as was 
appointed by youe afore my Lorde Chaunceler and other the Lordes of the King 
your maisters mooste honourable Counsaill, the xxth day of this said monethe, and 
confermed by sondery thaire letteres, and by oone of your oune to me addressed 
in that behalve. 

For the furste article your lordeshipe alleggethe novelles and writtingis lately 
commene frome oute of Fraunce frome the Duke of Albeny to certaine lordes, 
wherby, as your said lordeshipe alleggethe, thay growe moore highe and wantoune. 

As touching the seconde, ye afferme that certaine persons that shulde have 
entred for making of due redresse, hering the said novelles, departed withoute 
licence, and entred noe pledgis, purpoosing therby to stoppe the said redresse. 

And for the thirde, that your said lordeshipe darre not departe frome the 
keping of the Kinggis person for daungeir that may chaunce, all the Lordes for the 
mooste parte being departed frome the courte into thair oune contreys. 

My Lorde, conscidering howe many days of true for making redresse have bene 
appointed and noone of thayme perfourmed nor folowed with effecte, thoughe your 
lordeshipe, for the causes afore said, couth not observe nor kepe the said xxth daye, 
yet ye mought have ordeynned your levetenauntis or deputis to have kept the 
same, wherbye some good shulde have ensewed to the better provocacoune of 
redresse one booth the partis. As farre as I conceive by reapoorte of the bordourers, 
it is not possible these twoe contreys shalbe well ordoured, specially at this tyme 
whenne soe many grete matiers be in questione, oonles your lordeshipe, in your 
^ Origiaal in British Museum, London. 


oune person, zour levetenauntis or deputis, be contynnally carying, exercising, and 
using thaymselves for directing of causes upone the bordours, oons withynne 
xiiij dayes, wherfore sory I ame your saide lordeship appliethe noone otherwise 
these matiers in travers betwene these twoe realmes for redresse. 

Acertayunyng your lordeshipe that here hathe bene th 'abbot of Kelsoe for enter- 
chaunging of the confirmacouns and ratificacouns by ]»ooth the princis of the late 
peaxe concluded, shewing openly afure alle niene that he wolde lay ynne sufticiente 
pledgis to aunsuer for all redresse that coutlie or moughte be required or demaunded 
by any Englisshe mane of any of his name -within Tevidaill, and offerde hym self 
to lye for the same cause. And this hathe required me to accertaine the King 
my maister and the Cuunsaill of Scotland. 

My Lorde, I have spokene and writtene unto your lordeshipe soe ofte and 
many t}Tnes in this matier, that in good faith I knowe not further howe to move 
youe therj'nne. Xevertheles, for your oune honour, and specially for the weall 
and surety of your soveraine lorde, conioynnyng and contynuyng of these twoe 
realmes in good love, favour, and perhte aniyte, and the subiectis of the same to 
be in good reste and quietenes, I truste your lordeshipe woU applye youe better 
thenne ye have doone for keping dayes of true, and making of due redresse, for 
withoute the same litle or noe thing the peaxe shall proufite. 

1 intende in breve tyme to be going southwardes. And at my reparing to the 
Kinggis highenes my soveraine lorde, and to my lorde legatis grace, I ame sure 
thay booth woll thenke that long afore this tyme due redresse is made, or in good 
towardenes by your meanes, th'effecte of sondery your letteres conscidered, that 
have paste youe for that purpoos. 

The Avell and perfite pondering of all the premisses, specially in conclusioune, 
for your oune Aveall antl surety, I committe to zour good wisdome and discrecoune, 
and in case it chaunce the Duke of xVlbeny to aiive in Scottelande, I ame sure 
the Kinggis highenes my maister trusteth veraily your lordeshipe, the Erles of 
Argile and Lenneuxe, with other your frendis, woll see surely for keping and 
preserving of the King your maister's persone. And if any nede be for the same, 
yf ye thre culle for assistence ye canne not fuill therof with all spede and diligence. 
Myn oppynnyone is, if the said Duke come into Scotlande, it is rather for drede 
of the Frenshe Kinggis reparing hoome thenne for any other cause, and therfore 
his commyng is myche the lesse to be doubted. And thus Almightye God have 
youe, myn oune good Lorde, in his preservacoune. At Barwik, the xviijth day of 


99, Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Cardinal Wolsey. Attempt 
to rescue King James the Fifth. Edinburgh, IGth September [1526].^ 

Maist reverend fader in God, I commend my humyll and laulie service unto 
your grace, quhilk plcsit to be advertist that cftir the departing of Claienschawis 
Heralde, the Kingis grace my maister was at the ]Myd Marclii.s of his reahiio, ior 
stanching of mysdouris, to have put gnde reule in the cuntre for the wele of baitli 
the reahnes, and in his returnyng hamewart agane to Edinburghe the gate was 
umbesett at ]\Ieh-os be the Erie of Levenax and uthir grete mene, evil avisit persounis 
his complicis, to the nowmer of iij™ men, tending to have takin the King my 
maister be force, and to have distroyt me and my freyndis, gif it had bene in thare 
power, as God forl>ede. I being with the Kingis grace, nocht excedand the 
nowmer of iVf men for the tyme, thankit be God, it fortunyt uthirwais na thay 
devisit. And s<>ne thareeftir thay perseverand in thare cruelte, convenit at 
Striveling with a grete army and convocacioune of the Kingds nntrew liegis, be 
assistence and crued counsale of the Archbischoppis of Sanctandrew and Glasgw, 
the Bischoppis of Dunblane and Orkney, the Erles of Levenax, Crawfurde, Cassillis 
the Lordis Lyndesay, Eoss, Sympill, Lyle, and Avandale, and divers utheris pre- 
latis and baronis, removit of Striveling to Linlitligw, the tlirid day of this instant 
September, in i»urpois to have cummyn forthwart towart Edinburghe, for the com- 
pleting of thare cruell interi>rise, and to have takin the King as of before. And my 
Lord th' Erie of Arane and I being surelie advertist of thare cummyng, we and oure 
freyndis met thame nere by Lithgw, quhare we and thay assemblit, and it fortunyt 
sa, throw Goddis help, we gart thame fail of thaie perverst purpois and put 
thame abak. Gif ony skaith was done thame it was in thare aune fait and 
unhappy persute, as all the cuntre kennys. And now, eftir grete trubill and 
divers insurrecciounis that has bene in Scotland in tyme past, in the King my 
raaisteris minorite, with Goddis helpe, diligence salbe done that gude reule for 
the rest and quyet of the cuntre salbe done in tyme tocum, to the plesur of his 
grace and zoure soverane. I have writtin all thir novellis to the Kingis hienes 
zoure maister at large ; prapng zoure grace to stand my gude Lorde as ze have 
done in all tymraes bepast, sein my maist confidence and trust is in zoure said 
soverane and zoure grace before all princis leving. my aune soverane and maister 
anerly except. And gif thare be ony service I may do to zoure plesur, it salbe 

^ Original in Public Record OfiBce, London, 

ay reddy at command at my power, as kiiawis ourc Lorde Gode, quha have zoure 
grace in his happy tuicioune. Writtiu at Edinburglie, the xvj day of September, 

Your servaund, 

Ar° Erl of Angus. 

To the maist reverend fader in God my Lorde Cardinale of York, grete 
chancellar and legate of Ingland, etc. 

100. The Same to King Henry the Eighth, as to matters in Scotland, and 
promising fidelity. Edinburgh, 2Sth October [1526].^ 

!NL\isT excellent, maist hie and potent prince, my humble and lauly service being 
recommendit to zoure hienes, quhilk pleis to be advertist with detful reverence. I 
have ressavit zour hienes hartlie and lovable lettres fra Williame Hatliringtoune 
zoure servaund the xx*' day of this instant October, datit at zoure maner of Amptill 
the last day of September, makand mencioune, how it is cummyn to zour hienes 
knaulege, to zoure grete gladenes, of the congres and late meting of certaine lordis, 
and utheris of the realme of Scotland, that be force attempted divers thingis be 
way of commocioune, sounding to the dangere of zoure nephieu, my soveraue and 
maister, and to the grete inquietacioune and disturbance to the gude ordoure of 
his realme, and of divers utheris poyntis at large expressit in zoure saidis lettres, 
quhareby I understand zoure gude and gracious mynde ze here to my said 
soverane, to his grete honoure and weill of his realme, and thareto has graciuslie, 
in maist humane and curtas maner, ekit my singuler commendacioune. Thanking 
zoure excellence thareof, and of zoure requisicioune, gude and gracius counsale, ze 
have schewin in zoure saidis lettres send to me at this tynie, and thinkis my 
power and lauchfuU service gretely addettit tharefore unto zoure hie maieste, 
thanking God zoure grace is sa contentit of my service, and sail, God willing, with 
helpe of my Lorde of Arane and utheris my soveranis trewe barounis and liegis, 
at oure poweris fulfill and observe zoure hienes counsale and requisicioune, for the 
honoure of oure saide soverane, furtheputting of justice, surcte, and gyding of 
his nobill persoune, to the weill and quyet of his realme and liegis, as sal Avith 
Goddis gi-ace appere in dede. Mareoure, it will like zoure grace to knawe that 
my said Lorde of Arane and 1, with oure frcyndis, has takin grete pane, laubour, 
and travell, baith in resisting of oure said soverane zoure nephieu's conspiratouris 
^ Original iu Tublic Reconl Otlice, London. 


and oure unfreyndis sett, for transporting of his persoune divers tymes and cure 
distrucciounis, and has made sum}»tuous coistis and expensis at divers feildis and 
jornais, and in keping of our said maisteris houssis, castellis, and strenthis, furnist 
with menn, victale, and artihe, as tlie cuiitre keniiys, (juhilk we dred and zit dredis, 
gif we tuke nocht cure thareon suld be takin and betrasit be mene and subtell 
ways of the Duke of Albany and his assistaris in this cuntre, and it ly in thare 
power or slicht, quhilk we with helpe and support of zoure grace sal, (Jod willing;, 
resist. And gif thare be eny service or stede I may do to the plesur of zoure hye 
maieste, it sail be ay redy at the uttirmaist of my sobir power. As I am dettit 
tliareto before all utheris leviug, my said soverane zoure nephieu anerly except, as 
knawis oure Lord God, quhay, maist excellent, maist hie and potent Prince, have 
zoure excellence in his gracius and happy tuicioune and governans, with prosperite 
and mony gude dais. Writtin at Edinburghe, the xxviij day of October, 

Be zour hienes humyl servand, 

Ar°- Erl of Angus. 

To the maist excellent, maist hie and potent prince, the Kingis grace of 
Ingland, etc. 

101. The Same to Cardinal Wolsey, thanking the latter for his good-will. 
Edinburgh, 2Sth October [1526].^ 

Maist reverend fader in God, and my gude lorde, in my maist humble and louly 
maner I commend my hartlie service to zoure grace, quhilk plcis witt that I have 
ressavit zoure hartlie and [lovjable lettres send to me at this tyuie with Patrik 
Sinclare, datit at zoure maner of More the ferde day of September last bipast. and 
at gude lasere understand the samyne with the credence gevin be zoure grace unto 
the said Patrik, quhareby I knaw, and as wele apperis be zoure gude counsale and 
requisicioune menciouate in zoure lettres, the luving gude mynde and respect ze 
have to my soverane and maisteris honoure, weilfare and gyding of his persoune, 
and to the commoun weill of his realme and liegis ; quharefore his liienes and 
counsale has grete cans to gif zoure grace grete thankis and loving tharefore, and 
I mekill mare addettit to zoure grace that has laulyit zoure self to gif me .^a 
substancius counsale for the governans and gyding of my said soveranys noble 
persoune, quhilk counsale and command, with Goddis grace and with help of 

^ Original iu Public rit-coril Office, London. 

utheris Lordis of my maisteris weill avisii Counsale, I sail use at the uttirmaist of 
ray power, as the Kiugis hienes zoure soverane, and zoure grace will hereeftir 
ioiawe, sa that the fait sail nocht be fundyne in me. And quhare it is mencionate 
in the begynnyng of zoure saidis lettres tliat the said Patrik Synclare was send 
to the Kingis hienes and zoure grace, fra the King his nephieu my maister, with 
lettres and instrucciounis, I assure zoure grace I nor my Lorde of Arane, nor zit 
nane of his weill avisit Counsale, knew of his passage, lettres, nor instrucciounis, 
bot was direct be utheris private persounis, oure unwitting, as I traist the said 
Patrik will nocht deny. And as twiching the writingis, artikillis, and credence 
brocht here to the Kingis hienes my maister be the said Patrik, tliay salbe avisit 
be the Kingis hienes and his Counsale now at thare convencioune and meting, at 
his nixt Parliament, to begyne the xij day of November nixt tecum, and thareeftir 
sail send thare ansuere and lettres thareapoune, with a familiare of my said 
soveranis to the Kingis hienes and zoure grace, with ansuere accordingly to ever}' 
poynt and artikill. And gif thare be ony service or plesur that lyes in my power 
in thir partis, it salbe ay reddy of the aid maner at zoure gracis command, as 
knawis the blissit Trinite, quhay have zoure grace in his happy tuicioune and 
governance, with gude heill and mony lang dais. Writtin at Edinburghe, the 
xxviij day of October, 

Be zour grace servand, 

Ar^ Erl of Angus. 

To a maist reverend fader in God, and my gude lorde, my Lord Cardinal 
of Zork, grete Chancellar and Legate of Ingland, etc. 

102. The Same to the Earl of Northumberland, as to a meeting for redress 
of matters on the Borders. Edinburgh, 30th March [1527].^ 

My Lord, in my best maner I commend me unto zour lordschip. Certifying the 
sammyu, I ressavit zour writingis fra this berar zour servitour, quha had utheris 
lettres to the Kingis hienes my soverane fra the Kingis grace his derrest uncle ; 
and becaus at the cuming of zour said servand my soverane was in the northe 
partis of his realme, and maist extreme fra the southe bordour, the ansuer was 
sa lang delayit quliill his grace returnit ; bot incontinent tharelter I haistit the 
samm\ni, and send it presently to zour lordschip to be directit as ze pleis best, 
and quhen evir zour lordschip ma be lasarit, I salbe reddy to meit zow one the 
bordouris for makin of dew redres of all attemptatis. Praying zour lordschij) 
1 Original in Public Record Office, London. 


that I ma have the conterpayn, and caus gude reule to be kepit one that syd, 
siclyk as I sail do one this. And quhare zour lordschip desyris me to cum to 
Eer-vvyk or Noithame, my Lord, as vs and consuetud has bene evir one the 
Marchis, I am and salbe contentit to meit ; and utheris Avayis I traist ze will 
desyre na new innovacionis nor inconvenientis. And God preserve zour lordschip 
eternaly. Writt at Edinburght, the penault day of Marche. 


Ar° Chancellar. 

To my Lord Erie of Northumbre, etc. 

103. The Same to King Hexry the Eighth, as to Sir William Lisle, and 
other matters. Holyrood House, 10th August [1527].^ 

Eight excellent, richt hie, and richt mychty prince, in my maist lauly maner I 
recommend my humill and hertlie service vnto zour gud grace. Emplesit the 
sammjTi, I ressavit zour full, honorable, tender, and richt lovable letteris, gevin 
under zour signet at zour Castell of Windesore, the vij''^ day of July last bepast, 
purporting and bering in effect the attemptat and cryme committit be Schir 
Williame Lisle, his sone and complices, in brekin zour hienes prisone of Xew- 
castell one the ryver of Tyne, and of thair resort in this realme ; desyring me 
caus serce and seik the saidis trespassouris (and giff thai ma be apprehendit) 
convoye thame to zour nerrest approchane officiaris, lyk as mair at large is 
specifyit in zour hienes saidis writingis. 

Richt excellent, richt hie, and richt mychty prince, to certify zour celsitude 
the Kingis grace, zour moist deir nephew my soverane, incontinent eftir the resait 
of zour letteris directit unto his grace, callit me and Lord jMaxwell, his wardanis, 
accusand ws richt asperlie, and micrvelling uocht litill we suld suffir resset, ayde 
or supple, be given to the transgressouris of the lawis of zour maieste his most 
dere uncle, considering the neirnes of blud, carnaill etiectioune, mutual k\Tidnes, 
and consideracioune standing betuix his moist dere uncle and his hienes ; and 
attour all that incontrarie the virtew of the trewis takin betuix the two realmes. 
Quharthrow I was movit mak haisty inciuisicioune of the saidis rebellis, and couthe 
get na knawlege of thare habitude [hajnting nor repare within the bondis of myn 
office. Bot alsone as I ma be surelio certifyit in quhat part thai declyne or ma 
be apprehendit, I [sal] nothir spare cost, travell, nor danger of body to tak thare 
^ Original in Public EecorJ. Office, London. 


persouis, deliver thaim to zour officiaris, conforme to zour grace des}Tis. N . . .' 
my s . . . t charge I have of zour moist dere nephew my soverane thareonto, hot 
also for the greit kynducs, gud report, ami speciall ftivouris zour hienes has done 
and daly dois randir unto my simpilnes (my meritis noclit sua deserving), that I 
hald myselff addettit, bond and thrall, to accompleis zour grace in this and every 
behalve abouff all uther Cristin prince, zour moist dere nephew my soverane and 
maister allanerlie exceptit. 

Richt excellent, richt hie, and richt mychty prince, I beseik the holy Trinitie 
preserve zour hienes in langlyff, gud heithe and prosperite, eftir zour moist noble 
hartis desyre. Writtin at the Kyngis Palice of Halyrudhous, besydis Edinburght, 
the X day of August instant, 1527. 

Zour grace humill servitour, 

Ar°- Erl of Angus. 

To the richt excellent, richt hie, and richt mychty prince the Kingis grace of 

104. The Same to The Same, further as to the apprehension of Sir William 
Lisle and others. Holy rood House, 2d November 1527.^ 
Richt excellent, richt hie, and rycht michty prince, in my maist lawly maner I 
recommend my humyll service unto zour celsitude, and for samekle as the 
samin hes directit divers lettres unto the Kingis hienes zour derrest nevo 
my soverane, and to my simpilnes, for the apprehensioune of Schir William Lisle, 
sone and complicis, rebellis to zour maieste. And as zit zour princely pcticioune 
nocht fulfilHt, howbeit the Kingis hifucs my soverane standis of verray gude will 
and mynd thareonto, and has cansit strait proclamationis be maide attour all the 
partis of his bordouris for the taking or slaying of the saidis misdoaris, and hes 
promisit gret guerdoune and reward tharefor in sembable maner as my Lord Duk 
of Richemondis grace causit proclame on that syd. And as for myself, I sail laubour 
and do deligence nycht and day to accompleis zour hienes [desyre], nocht anerlie 
in that behalf bot alsua in all utlieris materis, as I am gretlie adettit to do that 
thing mycht be plesand onto zour maieste, maist humilie beseiking the samyn 
to pardoune my sympilncs and have patience quhill tliat mater may be brocht to 
gude purpos, and at it wald pleis zour hienes cans scharp wache and spied to be 
execute apoune the saidis re'oellis on that ])arte as salbe done heire. And I traist 
1 Original decayed here. - Original in Public Record Office, London. 


in God within breif tyme all sail cum to gude pase, oonforme to zour maist noble 
haitis desire. And iu verite I sail nevir be at rest nor quiet in my niyud, nocht 
sparand pane, trawell, nor expensis onto the tyme zour celsitude be satisfyit in the 
premissis. Rycht excellent, rycht hie, and rycht michtie jirince, I pray the blissit 
Trinite to preserve zour maist noble persone in honour and prosperite. Writin at 
the King my soveranis Palace of Halyrudhous beside Edinburghe, the secund 
day of November lo27. 

Zour "race humill servitour, etc., k x> r^\, n 

® ' ' All Chancellar. 

To the richt excellent, richt hie, and richt mychty prince, the Kingis hienes 
of Eingland, etc. 

105. The Same to Cardinal Wol.sey, as to the apprehension of Sir 

William Lisle, etc. Edinburgh, 2d November 1527.^ 

My Lord, in my maist hartlie maner I commend my service unto zour grace, and 

hes hard of zour arryvall and returnyng towartis the realme of Ingland, and uf 

zour prosperite in zour vayage in the partis bezond, of the quhilk I am rycht 

glaid and joyouss, and thocht rycht lang to heir of zoure Meilfaire. Alsua emplesit 

zour grace the Kingis hienes zour soverane hes writin to the King his derrest nevo 

my maister, for the apprehensioune of Sir Williame Lisle, his sone and complicis. 

rebellis and fugityvis of that realme, to the quhilkis desyris the Kingis hienes 

my soverane is of verray gud will and mynd, and hes causit strait proclamacionis 

be maid on his bordouris, and promisit gret rewardis to ony persone that will 

outlier tak or sla the saidis malefactouris. And howbeit I laubour deligentlie 

nycht and day to accompleiss the Kingis iiienes zour soverane, and haldis the 

saidis mysdoaris out of ony rowmys committit to me in cure, zit nevertheless I 

can nocht cum sa hastely to my purposs as I wald; bot I assure zour grace I sail 

never be at rest nor quiet in mynd quhill onto the tyme I do the Kingis hienes 

zour soverane and zour grace plessour in that behalf, as I am addettit to d(», 

quhilk is nocht onknawin to zour grace. Nocht anerly in that, bot all utheris 

effaris concernyng his maieste and zour grace. Praying the samyn to have ni}- 

laulye service recommendit unto his maieste and zour gud grace, quhame God 

conserve eternaly. Writtin at Edinburght, the secunde day of November 1527. 

Zour ecracis with lauohfuU service, 

rp T 1 r. 1- r c r7 ^ Ar^' Chancellar. 

10 my Lord Cardmaiis grace ot Zork. 

1 Oricrinal in the British Museum, LuuJuii. 

106. The Same to The Same, petitioning for redress on behalf of certain 
Scots merchants. Edinburgh, 27th November [1527].^ 

Maist reuerend fader in God, in my maist humble maneir I commend my hertlie 
and levefull seruice to zoure grace, quhilk pleis vnderstand how Dauid Falconare, 
induellar in the towne of Leith be the space of twa zeris last bipast, said in this 
realrae to Robert Bewmond, Inglisman, ane schip chargit with salt, for the sowme 
of Ixxij merkis sterling, and becom souerte for AVilliame Brighame for ane vther 
schip siclik chargeit with salt, bocht fra Scottismen for ane hundretht and thre 
merkis sterling, and als causit the said Eobert Bewmond and Williame Bird 
deliuer to ane Master Hallis, in his name, xliiij 11. xiij s. iiij'^'"d. sterling, quhilkis 
sovmes thai withhald, and will mak na pament therof to the said Dauid, howbeit 
he hes writtin diuerse tymes to tharae tharefor, contrare thare bandis and oblissing. 
Quharefor I pray zour grace rycht efFectuusly to caus the said Dauid, or his j)ro- 
curatouris in his name, haue justice with expeditioun, and the persouns forsaidis 
constrinzeit to payment of the saidis sovmez, according to thare bandis and 
ressoun, and the erare for this my request, as my traist is in zour grace, quhilk 
will perdone my hamly supplicacion ; and quhat stede or seruice I can or may do 
to the plesour and seruice of zour grace is reddy at all tymes, as knawis God, 
quhilk, maist reuerend, conserue zour grace eternaly. Written at Edinburgh, the 
xxvij day of November. 

Be zour gracis seruand, 

Ar^ Erl of Anguss. 

To my Lord Cardinalis grace of Zork, grete chancellare and legate of 
Ingland, etc. 

107. The Sa^ie to The Same, on behalf of ^Vlexander Kay, a Scotch 
merchant. Edinburgh, 2 2d December [1527].- 

Maist reuerend fader in God, in my mai>t humyll maner I commend my lauly 
seruice vnto zoure grace, quhilk pleis to be aduertist that my maister the Kingis 
hienes and his derrest moder the Queue has ^^Tittin thare etfectuous lettrez at this 
tyme to the Kingis excellence zoure souerane, be direccioun of his familiar servand 
and thesaurare, Archibald Douglas my vncle, for licence to Alexander Kay, his 
liege man, to by all maner of granes and \-ittalis in the realme of Ingland, 
bringing and furing of the samyne in the realme of Scotland be Inglismen, 
' Original in Public Record OflBce, London. 2 Jf)icl^ 


marineris and skipparis, as at mare large is expressit in the saidis lettrez of 
supplicatioun, praying zoure grace it will like the saniyne the erare for this 
my requeist and seruice, to solist the Kingis hienes zoiire souerane to the effect 
abonewrittin, to grant his licence to the said Alexander Kay, "with licence to his 
liegis to sell the saidis vitallis to the said Alexander, and to his skipparis and 
marineris sauflie and surelie to fare the samyne in this realme without serch or 
arreist ; and gif thare be ony seruice I may do in thir partis to zoure grace, it 
salbe ay reddy at my litill power, as I am addettit, as knawis our Lorde God, 
quhay, raaist reuerend fader, haue zoure grace in his eternale tuitioun. Otf 
Edinburgh, the xxij day of December, 

Be zour gracis seruitour, 

Ar°- Erl of Anguss. 

To the maist reuerend fader in God, my Lord Cardinalis grace of Zork, grete 
Chancellare and legate of Ingland. 

108. The Sa3IE to The Same, expressing friendly feeling towards England. 
Holyrood House, 29th December 1527.^ 

My Lord, in my raaist hertly maner I recommend my service unto zour grace. 
Emplesit the sammyn I ressavit zour full honorabill and effectuoss lettrez, gevin at 
zour place besydis AVestmynster, the vth day of December instant, certifying and 
bering in eff'ect, that be the tenour of my lait lettrez zour grace dois persave my 
gud m3'nde and disposicioune in sic thingis as ma tend to the continuance and 
nurising of gud luff" and amite betuix the Kingis hienes my soverane and his 
derrest unccle the Kingis hienes of Eingland ministracioune of justice and 
punising of evildoaris, to the restfulnes of baithe the realmcs, geving me laud and 
pryss mair than my meritis ma deserve, togidder with zour full Avyss and 
substantiouss gud counsall, quhilk salbe to me as command and charge, and that 
sen perpetuall peax is establissit betuix the realmez of Eingland and France, thai 
that wald saw discorde betuix the Kingis hienes my soveran and his derrest unccle 
can nothir have ftivouris thare nor in France, and giff" occasioune to all thre the 
princes to have thame at haitrent. And forthir, desyring reformacioune to be 
maid concernyng Sir Williame Lisle and his complices of the attemptatis and 
myscheiffis committit be thaim according to the vertew of treux, lyk as at mare 
lenth is specifyit in zour said lettrez. 

^ Original ia British Museum, London. 

My Lord, plesit zour grace be rememberit how my forebearis in all tymes 
bipast lias bene about to foster and furthebeir gud luff, peax, and rest betuLs thir 
twa realmes and atliir of the princes therof, as is uotourly knawin to all and 
sindry in thir partis succeding eftir thanie, and giff I wald presume to be so bald 
or foilhardy, nocht followand the futsteppis of wysraeun past of before, to attempt 
or do ocht in contrair ther wysdomys, I mycht be wele reput and haldin rycht 
unwyss, and mare attour baith unthankfuU and unkynd, considering the neirnes 
of blud the twa princes standis in at this tyme, the greit kyndnes and humanite, 
speciall favouris and diverss gratitudis done to me be the Kingis hienes of Eingland 
and zuur grace, sa that my haill mynd and intencioune has evir bene, sen I grew to 
ony perfectioune, and mekill mair sen 1 was constitut in office and auctorite, and 
ane he\'y cure laid one me, to study alwayis possiliill for the intertenyng and 
uphalding of gud peax, amite, and concord betuix thir twa realmes, punising of 
trespassouris, and puttin of justice to dew execucioune, and to do that thing mycht 
be acceptabill or plesand to the Kingis hienes zour soverane and zour grace, above 
all erdly prince, his d^irrest nephew my soverane allanerly exceptit ; bot as for the 
favouris of France or ony theriu, salffand the plessour of the Kingis hienes zour 
soverane, and of zour grace, I set it at litill, or ellis rycht nocht bot in gudlynes, 
for I fand na favouris thare bot coUusioune and dissait, as is wele kend. And now 
the noyis is the Duk of Albanie procuris sauiff-conduct and licence of the Kingis 
hienes zour soverane to returne here, allegeand he has my soveranis consent therto, 
the contrary tharof is verray trew, as his hienes has declarit before Leonard Musgraiff, 
gentilmann. And I traist fermly the Kingis hienes of Eingland and zoure grace 
has providit sa surely and substantiously for the wele and indempnite of his 
derrest nephew enduring his less age, that ze will now continew and persevere 
quhen his grace is growin to consider the sammyn, be perfit intelligence. And I 
ma knaw the Kingis hienes zour soveranis gud mynd and zour gracis in that 
behalff, I sail, with Goddis grace, resist the said Duk, and do his hienes mare 
steid and plessour with lefull service than he ma do. 

My Lord, as anentis Sir Williame Lisle, his sone and complices, rebelles and 
tratouris, I assure zour grace to do extreme diUgence, but dissimulacioune or delay, 
as all the cuntre sail clerely ken, to satify and fulfill the Kingis hienes of Eing- 
land and zour gracis desyris in that behalff ; and wald that zour grace plesit to 
send ane gentilmann here to remane, that he mycht understand the verite and m}- 
part in that mater, and (juhat pane and travell of body, costs and scaithis, I and 
my frendis dois daly susteue to bryng that to gude effect, nocht for na pensioune 


nor sowmes of money, hot allanerly for the speciall favour my simpilnes beris to 
the service of the Kingis hienes zour soverane, and shiglar em[)les.sour to zour 
grace ; and qnhen I and my frendis has perfurnisit his hienes and zour gracis 
desyris one oure awin expenss, I will refer the reward to his hienes and zour 
gracis greit wysdome, maist inteirly beseking the sammyu to solicit and causs the 
Kingis hienes zour soverane charge my simpilnes with ony service to me possibill, 
and I salbe fundin als reddy and of glaid hart theronto as ony uther siclyk <jf 
his retinew or houshald, with all the steid and plessour I cann or ma do to zour 
grace, myn allegeance to my soverane and maister allanerly exceptit ; and thus 
the blissit Trinite presserve and keip zour grace. Wrettin at the Kingis hienes 
Palace besydis the Abbay of Halyrudhouss, the xxix^^ day of December 15 "2 7. 

Your gracis with all service, 

Ar^- Chancel) ar. 
To my Lord Cardinalis grace. 

109. The Sa3ie to King Henry the Eighth, as to Sir William Lisle, etc. 
Edinburgh, 28th March 1528.^ 

Richt excellent, richt hie and michty prince, I recommend my humill service 
unto zour grace in my maist lawly maner, and has ressavit zour hienes writingis, 
dateid at GreyneAV}^che the xiij day of Februar last bepast, quharinto zour grace 
makis mencioune that ze have nocht persavit ony frut schawin on this syde for 
the repressing and takin of Schir William Lisle and his complices, zour rebellis 
and outlawis, bot has bene fayn to talc uther wayis for apprehensioune and danting 
of the saidis misdoaris, and that in making of dew redres to zour hienes subjectis 
sail appere mare cleirly of our myndis and disposicionis one this syde, quharthrow 
zour hienes sail wele consider gaf that the tender kyndnes schawin to zour derrest 
brother and nephew my soverane, and speciall confidence ze have in me be weill 
employit ; rehersing forther that zour hienes, fynding mutual! correspondence of 
luflf and amite one this syde, we sail nocht neid dout the reparing of the Duk of 
Albanye in this realme, lyk as at mare lenthe is specifyit in zour hienes letteris. 

Richt excellent, richt hie and michty prince, I assure zour hienes that I left 

na labour, travell. nor diligence that micht be had or maid, baitht be nicht and 

day, nocht sparing eny perell or expensis for apprehensioune of the said Schir 

Williame and his complices, and to seclude thame fra all reparing, suppley or 

' Original in Public Record Office, London. 

comfort to be had within this realme, quharby on verray force and feir of takin, 
■was compellit to put thame selffis in the handis of zour officiaris, quhilk ma wele 
appt're to zourhienes, for giff we had nocht bene diligent in execucioune of justice 
aganis thame, according to the trety of peax, thai micht have, be colorat wayis of 
brokin menn, eschewit the subjectioune of zour officiaris, and nocht as yet bene 
put to thrildome ; nocht douting that giff zour hienes had bene wele advertisit 
in this case, ze wald have gevin zour derrest nephew, my soverane and maister, 
greit thankis, and weil considerit my service in that behalff, quhilk nocht anerly 
has put myselff with all plane, fiiithefull, and kynd wayis for accomplesing of zour 
hienes in this forsaid mater, hot alsua into makin of gude redres, establissing 
of gude peax and amite betuix thir twa realmes, and to procure all that thing 
that mycht be to the plesur of zoure grace, in sic wys that sen I bure autoritie 
under my soverane and maister, and quhill the sammyn induris, zoure hienes 
beinge perfitly advertisit, ze sail think thare is rautuall con-espondence of amite 
and luflF for the part of my soverane, as to honour, kyudnes, and j)roximite of blud 
appertenis ; and sa fer as in me is, gude justice, dew redres, amite, peax, and 
kyndnes salbe set forwart without ony dissimilat wayis or abusionis, sa that zour 
hienes sail have just cause to mak impediment to the cuming of the Duke of 
Albanie or ony uthir persone within this realme, contrar the mynd and will of the 
Kingis hienes zour derrest nephew my soverane, and to persevere and continew 
in zour gude mynd towartis his hienes, hald and reput me zour speciall and 
obedient servand, as mare ampley I have writtin to my Lord Cardinall, quha can 
and will richt discreitly refer unto zour hienes. 

Richt excellent, richt hie and michty prince, God preserve zour hienes in lang 
lyfFe and gude helthe. Writtin at Edinburght, the xxvnij day of Marche 1528. 

Zour hienes humill servitour, 

Ar^ Chancellar. 

To the richt excellent, richt hie and michty prince, the Kingis hienes of 
Eingland, etc. 

110. The Same to Lord Dacre, as to the state of the Borders. Edinburgh, 

29th March [1528].i 

My Lord, I commend me richt hertly to zour lordschip. Ascertanyng the sammyn 

I ressavit zour diverss lettrez, quharby I understand zour complante for nonredress of 

^ Original iu British Museum, London. 


attemptatis committit one that bordour within breiff tyrne bipast, and has schawin 
the sammyn to the Kingis hienes my soverane and his counsall, and causit A\Tit for 
Lord Maxwell with diligence to cum to his hienes ; and or his terme was, that he 
mycht be reddy to be here, tlie Kingis grace departit over Forthe for his pastyme 
quhill neir Pasche, and thane in the haly days Lord Maxwell wilbe here, and I sail 
causs the Kingis grace and counsall ordour him sa that he sail do ressone and 
justice one the bordouris. Praying zow to superseid all materis quhill Tyisday 
oftir Law Sounday, and that day I sail nocht fail to causs ane or twa my soveranis 
counsall be thare, to se that gud justice and dew redress be maid, but ony delayis 
or ofputtingis, that ze sail have na causs to compleyn. And God kepe zour 
lordschip eternaly. Writtin at Edinburgh, the xxix day of Marche. 

Zour cousyng, 

Ar'^ Chancellor. 

To my Lord Dacre, "\Yardane of the West Merchis of Eingland foranentis 

in. The Sa^ie to Cardinal Wolsey. Apprehension of Sir William Lisle, 
and other matters. Edinburgh, 30th March 1528.^ 

My Lord, in my maist lawly maner I recommend my hertly service unto zour 
grace, certifying the sammyn. I ressavit zour grace writingis dateid at West- 
monister, the xiiij day of Febmar last bipast, being richt lang and bering mony 
divers greit materis, and ane utliir breiflF letter, inlykwyse ^-rittin at Westmonister 
the xv'ij day of the said monetht, quliilkis I have schewin to the Kingis hienes my 
soverane, rehersing zour gud mynd evir to do his hienes plesur, and to nuris and 
set forwart continuall peax, kyndnes, and frendschip betuix thir twa realmes. My 
Lord, quhare zour grace rehersis that albeit one the party of Scotland was nocht 
sa detfull wayis tane for the takin of Schir "Williame Lisle and his complices as 
was supposit to have bene, thare was sutficient ordour and provisiuune gevin and 
maid be the Ivingis hienes zour soverane, in sic wyse that (ane part of his saidis 
complices put to execucioune) he and his sone war compellit to rander thare selffis 
in the handis of zour officiaris. I dout nocht bot and the Kingis hienes and zour 
grace had bene treuly instructit of this mater, his hienes and ze suld have tboucht 
that detfull wayis had bene takin one this syd, and me to liave bene richt diligent 
* Original ia Public Record Office, London. 

and faitliefull in that behalff, deserving tharethrowt baithe thankis and plesur, for 
of treutlie, at the interpeUacioune, calling, and desyring of zour said soverane and 
zour grace to put ordour aganis the said Schir Williame according to the treux, 
I soucht all wayis, nocht sparing othir danger or expen.sis, to apprehend, tak. or 
sla him and hid complices, and baithe be nycht and day maid and causit be maid 
sa scharp execucioune one him, that he distitut of all comfort, supple, resset, and 
mantenance within this realme, on verray force behuftit ether to be takin heir be 
Scottismenn and send to the Kingis hienes zour soverane, or ellis (in hoip of sum 
mercy) to rander him wilfully to zour officiaris. My Lord, quhare zour grace makis 
lang rehers witht gude and substanciall admonicionis and advertismentis, how that 
the Kingis hienes zour soverane, nochtwithstanding ony oportunnite that his 
hienes micht have had to his avantage aganis this realme in my soveranes minorite 
and les age, has, in consideracioune of his tender age and proximite of blud. ay 
regardit to his surte be all assistence his hienes micht mak, and to schew luif, 
gratuite, and k^Tidnes witht all honour, wele, or plesur to his said derrest nephew 
my soverane, requiring me tharefore, as my speciall Lord and weilwnllare, to have 
gude entent to the wele and quiete of baithe the bordouris, amite and kyndnes to 
be nurisyt betuix baithe the realmes, and nocht to suffir ouy rubberies or utheris 
enormiteis to reigne one this syd ; alsua makand mencioune of the schort terme 
that is to endure of the last trety of peax, quhareof zour grace heris na remem- 
berance, bot as lyk that thing that othir we nocht esteme or ellis presupponis to 
have at our plesur, witht mony uthir hailsoun and wyse admonisionis and counsalis, 
zour grace ma be wele sure that the Kingis hienes my soverane and his Counsall 
has in recent memorie all kyndnes, steid, and plesur done to him, his realme and 
liegis, in his les age, and purposis to randir mutuall kyndnes, correspondence, and 
frendschip withe all steid and plesur that he can or ma, and nevir to fail to do 
that thing that accordis to the naturall affectyoune that ane nephiew aucht to 
have and keip to his derrest uncle and kynnismann. And how beit litill mencioune 
be maid anentis the peax and treux schortly to ryn, nochtwithstanding sone eftir 
this nixt feist of Pasche thare is ane convencioune to be haldin of Lordis quhare 
that mater salbe put in Counsall and avisiment nocht litill estemit above all 
utheris, and thareftir the Kingis hienes an<l zour grace salbe advertisit, being sure, 
my Lord, that as to my part, sa lang as I have had autorite under my soverane, 
has evir with all hart and will regargit the wele of baithe the realmes, inter[te]nyng 
of amite and peax, and making gude redres one the bordouris, committand my 
persone to danger, besydis baithe greit travell and expensis, in hoip to have 

reportit nocht anerly thank of my soverane, bot alsa of his dorrest uncle aiul zour 
grace, quhilkis I have had ay trew mynd to serve above all uthoris nixt eftir my 
soverane and maister, and sa intendis to perseveir ; and has bene reddy, and lyn 
ewest the bordouris ay sen the xxiij day of Januar last bipast, belevand the Erie 
of Northiimbreland "wald have met the said day and utheris sen syne, as was 
desyrit one ray behaltf, and writing send with Thomas Growre, constabill of 
Alnewyk, and evir salbe reddy for this syde to meit (at all placis convenient and 
accustumat in tymes past) the said Erie, or ony noble mann of Ingland, to make 
redres of all attemptatis committit baithe be sey and land sen the last meting betnix 
the Erie of Arrane and my Lord of Northefolk. And in the meyn sesoune, quhan 
evir 1 am requirit, I cans my lieuteinentis and deputis meit and mak gude redres, 
and perfurms thir materis in deid, that I traist the officiaris one that party will 
nocht compleyn. And how beit that mony complantis cummys to the Kingis 
hienes of Eingland and zour grace be zour officiaris, quhilkis for thare will 
and plesur wald have redres without randering the sammyn one simlabill maner, 
zour grace suld nocht gift* full credence to thare sayingis, bot wele consider that 
equall justice suld be had one baithe sydis, nocht douting thare is als mony or ma 
plantis maid one this syde as one the tother, sic as the takin of the bark of 
Sandwyche, the spoilzeing of the pyk of Abirden, besydis utheris divers depreda- 
cionis and slauters daylie committit one the bordouris ; and now laitly, the xa' 
day of Marche instant, the houshald of Berw;y'k, to the nowmer of sex score men, 
com in Scotland, in feir of weir and opin day forray, and tane up ane toune in the 
Mers callit Clarybald, and na reformacioune maid of all thir and mony utheris. ]\Iy 
Lord, as twiching the repare of the Duk of Albanie within this realme, my soverane 
the Kingis hienes wrait to his derrest eme and to zour grace impediment to be maid 
to the said Duke, becaus his hienes and zour grace has ay laborit to this effect in 
tymes past. Traistin that his hienes is of that sammyn mynd, and will nocht 
havand ony dredour of his cuming, or presumand that he ma be of strenthe to 
repare in this realme contrar his will, or that he nedis ony outwart help heirinto, 
or to the gettin of his hous and castell of Dunbar, bot wrait the saidis letteris to 
the effect that he micht have ay his derrest emys support and counsall in that and 
all utheris materis, as accordis ane zoung prince and nephiew to have of his derrest 
uncle. And finalie, my Lord, ensueing zour kyndly and faithfull counsall the 
Kingis hienes and zour grace salbe sure that thare sail nathing be left one this syde 
in making of dew redres, keping of amite and kyndnes betuix the realmes, and to 
do and labour that thing ma be plesur to the Kingis hienes zour soverane, in sic 

sort that his hienes and zour grace sail tak just occasionne to set forwart all my 
soveranes ressonabill desyris, praying zour grace to excuse the lang tary of this 
ansuer, becaus the Kingis hienes my soveraue, at the cummyng of the messingere 
withe zour gracis letteris, was in the northe cuntre, in the extreme partis of his 
realme, and at his returnyng the ansuer was als haistily send as mycht be. And 
thus I pray God preserve zour grace eternalie. Writtin at Edinburght, the penalt 
day of Marche 1528. 

Zour gracis withe all service, 

Ar° Chancellar. 

To my Lord Cardinalis grace, etc. 

112. The S.A3IE to Sir Christopher Dacre, desiring assistance in executing 
justice on the Borders. Edinburgh, 27th May 1528.^ 

KiCHT honorabill sir and welbelovit cousing, I recommend me unto zow in my 
maist hertlie maner, certifying the sammyn. The Kingis hienes my soverane and 
Lordis of his Couusall set for the zeill of justice, repressing and punising of 
trespassouris and brekaris of the bordouris, sa that the subjectis one baithe sydis ma 
leifF in tranquillite and restefulnes, conforme to the trety of peax takin betuix the 
])rinces of thir twa realmes, has thocht maist ganand and ane army to be rasit the 
xxij day of Junii nixt tocum, quhare the Kingis hienes my maister, helpand God, 
purposis to pas in propir persone, lyk as mair lenthe is specifyit in the writing 
directit fra my soverane to his derrest unkle the Kingis hienes zour maister, and 
ordainis me to mak manifest unto zow and utheris ofticiaris one thai bordouris. 
Exorting the sammyn to have reddy gaderit and assemblit togidder agane the said 
day all and syndry zour soveranis subjectis within the bowndis of zour offices and 
possessionis, to cum foranent my soveranis said army to se cerse and be sickir that 
nane of the saidis malefactouris, thare wyffis, barnis, nor gudis, be resset or suppleit 
within the realme of Eingland in sic sort that nane of thame escaip to underly 
correctioune for thare demeritis and enormiteis, bot to incur extreme coufusioune 
and ruyne, in augmentacioune and fostering of mutuall kyndnes, common wele, and 
amicable correspondence betuix botht the realmes and liegis thareof. And becaus I 
knaw my Lord zour nephew is instantly abuff at the court, 1 do nocht writ to him 
bot to zow allanerlie for the west marchis, and sail hereefter, aucht dayis before 

^ Original in Public Piecord Ofluce, London. 


the said diet, advertise zow of new thareof, \n\\ God, quha conserve zow etemalie. 
Writtin at Ediuburght, the xxvij day of Maii 1528. 

Zour cowsyng, 

Ar'^ Chancellor. 

To the richt honorabill and my weilbelovit cousing Sir Christophere Dacre, 
Wardane of the West Marchis under his nephew, etc. 

113, The Same to King Henry the Eighth, desiring his protection. 
Coldingham Abbey, 10th September [1528].^ 

Right excellent, richt hie and michty prince, in my maist lauly maner I commend 
my huniill service unto zour hienes, and has ressavit zour gracis lettres, bering 
dait of Ampthill the ix'^ day of August last bipast, directit to the Kingis grace 
zour nephew, my soverane, and to my simpilnes, togidder with the doubill, be the 
quhilkis I do cleirly consider the principal!, richt tender and effectuos, in favoris of 
me and my materis, and causit zour hienes saidis lettres be delibrait unto the 
Kingis grace my maiscer, traisting tharethrow, and for my trew service and law 
obedience, with greit giftis offerit be me to his hienes, till have obtenit ressone, 
equite, and justice ; bot in the contrarie, becaus I menit me to zour hienes, I was 
the war hard, and is processit one the maner, and ane pretendit dome gevin one 
me and my frendis of lyvis, landis, and gudis, in the stratest and maist extreme 
style can be devisit, richt unordourly and aganis the lawis and consuetude of the 
realme, and als aganis God and gude conscience, considering I neA-ir faltit nor 
committit sic sober crjTnes as wes allegit at the instance and sinister solicitatioune 
of my party, as I sail ansuer to God, and as salbe notourly knawin unto zour 
hienes herefter be ane speciall greit frende of myn, quhilk I sail send to zour 
hienes incontinent eftir ane part of this besynes be done presently occurrand, that 
sail informe zour grace of all myn eftaris, and have credence as my sclff, maist 
humilly beseking zour hienes, for the reverence of God, zeill of justice, and wele 
of my simpilnes and hous, as I that has bene and evir salbe zour gracis trew and 
faithfull servand enduring my lyffe, that it wald pleis zour hienes stand my gude 
prince and protectour, as zour grace has evir done heretofore, and suffir me nocht 
be injurit nor oppressit, as myn enemys and unfrendis intendis to cans the Kingis 
grace my soverane to do. And in the meyne saisoun, quliill I ma gudly direct 
^ Original in Public Record Office, London. 


my said frende unto zour hieues, it wald pleis the sammyn certify and command 
zour servitour, my Lord of Nortlmmbreland, ane of zour officiaris in tliir partis, to 
supply, manteune, and defend me in this my just accioune and querele, ressavand 
rae within zour realme, and cans the bordouraris rj'd with me, gitf I cliarge thame, 
as myn allanerly hoip and speciall confidence is in zour hienes, quhais maist nobill 
persone the bh'ssit Trinite preserve in prosperite. Writtin at Coldinghame 
Abbay, the x*^ day of September. 

Zour hienes humill servitour, 

Ar°- Erl of Angus. 

To the richt excellent, richt hie and mychty prince, the Kingis hienes of 
Eingland, etc. 

114. The Chancellor and Privy Council of Scotland to King Henry the 
Eighth, as to the Earl of Angus. Edinburgh, 10th September [1528].^ 

Right excellent, r}-cht hie and mychty prince, we commend avs unto zour hienes 
in our maist lauelie and hertlie maner. And has sene your hienes writtingis, with 
certane artikilis send to our soverane lord zour derrest nepho be Patrik Sinclair, 
quhilkis we haifF perfitlie considerit to be con.savit of gret kindncs, luff, and wisdome, 
sua that be our consideratioune na thing may be perfitliar done, nor the mater 
mair profundlie wayit, quharthrou we, for our maisteris saik, aucht to do zour 
hienes all thankis, plesur, and detfulle service ; and conform to zour hienes saidis 
writtingis, our said soverane has callit the hail thre estatis of his realme, and be 
the avyse and counsale of the maist discrt-it, w\asest, and maiste grave personageis, 
without malicius or perciale wayis, has procedit in his Parliament, and the materis 
of cryme impute to Arcliil»ald sum tyme Erie of Angus beand riplie avisit, thai ar 
funde be the censement of the Parliament culpable tliaruf, lik as our said soverane 
lord has writtin at large to zour hienes, praying the same rycht excellent, rycht 
hie and mychty prince, that ze wald hald zour helplie handis to our said soverane 
lord and ws in all casis occurrand for the well of our said soverane, zour derrest 
nepho and brother, and of baith the rcalmes, assuring zour hienes that we sail for 
our part intertene gud luff, amite, frendschipe, and justice to be betuix baith the 
realmt'3 to our utermaist power, praying zour grace to send zour commissionaris 
to zour bordouris for the tretting of peax and trewis according to our said 

^ Original in Public Record Office, London. 


sovercanis desire and writtingis. Ryclit excellent, i ycht hie and mychty prince, 
the blissit Trinite haitf zour hienes in keping. At Edinburghe, the tent day of 
September, the zeir of God j™v*' and xxviij zeris. 

Zour hienes devoit and humile oratouris and servitouris in all leiffule nianer, 

The Chan'cellar and Counsel of Scotland. 

To the rycht excellent, rycht hie and mychty prince, the Kingis grace of 
Ingland, etc. 

115. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Earl of Northumberland, 
desiring the latter's friendship and assistance. Coldinghara Abbey, 
11th September 1528.^ 

My Lord, in my maist hartlie maner I recommend me unto zour lordschip, 
thanking the sammyn rycht inteirlie of the greit kyndnes done to me and my 
servandis for my saik, quhilk I salbe about to acquyt at the utermest of my 
powere. My Lord, to certitie zour lordschip, the Kingis grace my soverane, throu 
sinister solistatioune of myne unfrendis, and enemeis baitht to God and mann, sik 
as the Erlis of Argyle, Arrane, Lord ]\raxuel, Sir James Hammiltoune Shereif of 
Aire, Lardis of Bukcleucht and Keir, M'ith thar complicis, preceding of malyce, 
falsheid and cupidite of my landis and possessiouns, nocht haiffing God nor gud 
conscience befor, nor zit regarding the Kingis honour, commoun well of his realme, 
nor the greit faitht and kindnes his grace suld observe and keip to the Kingis 
hienes zour soverane, his derrest uncle, that hes ever laborit and bestowit greit 
trawail and expenss for the conservatioun, surte, and weilfaire of his derrest 
nepheis persone, restfulnes and tranquillite of his realmme and liegis, hes causit 
his grace one the maner leid ane pretendit forfaltour one me and my frendis, 
expreslie aganys the lawis and consnetud of the realme, for na fait makyne, as I 
sal ansuere to God and to the Kingis hienes zour soverane his derrest uncle, that 
suld have cure and reule of his nepho abouf al prencis and utheris ; and perse- 
verand in thare malyce and wrangous oppunzeoun, thai purpois to causs the Kingis 
grace my raaister to seigh my housses, and purches artailzerie and munitioun 
furtlit of Dunbar, and to perse\v and seik me and my frendis to the deid, or expel 
us the cuntre. Traisting fermlie I ^vil get na reset, help nor suple of the realmme 
of Eingland, lyk as Patrek Sinklare, that come laitlie fra the Kingis grace zour 
soverane, hes planlie done thaini understand, and said rycht largislie in that 
1 Original in British Museum, London. 


behalf. As ferther, pleis zoiir lordscliip in al tliir materis be maire amplyu 
inforniyt be the berar my servand, with quhame 1 have wryttin to the Kiiigis 
hienes zour soverane, and to my Lord Cardinalis grace, for help and supple, sa I 
and mj-ne ma surlie resort within the reahnme of Eingland, and to wryt to zour 
lordscliip to causs the bordouraris and liegis one that syd ryd with me quhene I 
desyr, quhil unto the tyme I may direct aue special frend of myne to the Kiufis 
hienes zour soverane, instruckit with my mynd at lentht in all thhigis ; of the 
quhilkis I traist his hienes, my Lord Cardinalis grace, zour lordschip, and al the 
noble menne of Eingland salbe rycht glaid and joyuss. My Lord, I beseik zour 
lordschip to stand gud and kynd lord to me at this tyme, and to furthir me at the 
Kingis hienes zour soverane, and my Lord Cardinalis grace, as my singlare traist 
and special confidence is in zour lordschip, quhamme God conserve eternalie. 
Wryttyn at Coldingham Ab]>ay, the xi day of Septembere 15*28. 

Pleiss zour lordschip ressaive with ther presentis the copijs of the Kingis 

hienes and my Lord Cardinalis writingis. 


Ar°- Erl off 
To my Lord Erie of Northumbreland, lieutencnt and wardane of the 
Merchis of Eingland foranentis Scotland. 

116. The Same to Cardinal Wolsey, as to the unfriendly feeling of the 
King of Scots. Coldingham Abbey, 11th September 1528.^ 

My Lord, in niy maist inteirly maner I commend my hertly service unto zour 
grace. Emplesit the sammyn, I ressavit zour grace letteres directit unto the 
Kingis hienes my soverane, and to my selff, togidder with the doubill. Thankand 
zour grace at the utermest of my power therof, and of the greit humanite, faithe, 
and kyndnes I do fynd at all tymes with zour grace ; ])raying God I ma do the 
Kingis hienes zour soverane, and zour grace, faithfull and trcAv service or I de, 
for I am greitlyar addettit tlierunto than my meritis ma deserve ; and albeit the 
Kingis hienes and zour grace wrait to his derrest nephew my maister, als 
effectuosly and tenderly as was possible to be devisit or put in forme, nevertheles 
his grace, persuadit and abusit be perversit counsall of myne unfrendis and evill 
disposit personis being about his grace and maist inwart, nocht having God nor 
gud conscience before E, proximite of blud, and speciall requeist of the Kingis hienes 
his derrest uncle, and of zour grace, qidiilkis has done mare and bestowit greiter 
^ Original in Britisb Museum, London. 


expensis aud labouris for his suerenes and prosperite thane all the warld has 
done, nor zit regard thai liis grace honour, commoue wele, and restffulness of his 
realme, lias causit ane pretendit forefalture l)e Ifd one the nianer wrangusly aganis 
me and ni}- frendis, and incontrar all ressone and justice, common law, and con- 
suetud of this realme, sayand that I souclit succur thare, and sould be the war 
hard, and that the Kingis hienes of Ingland, nor uane A\ithin that realme, wald 
do oclit for my releiff, quhilk Patrik Sinclare avowit and expresly bare one hand 
be credence, that he said warrand me nocht helpit nor suppleyit within the 
realme of Eingland, and causit thame be the mare cruell and scharp aganis me, 
and he is to returne agane to this effect in tha partis with writingis and credence 
in my contrar, quhilkis ar nocht of verite, bot procedis of malice and cupidite 
of myne enemys and thame that desyris my landis and possessionis, sic as the 
Erles of Ergyle, Arraue, Lord Maxwell, Sir James Hammiltoune, Lardis of 
Bukcleuche, Sheref of Ayre, and Kere, with thare complices, commone tratouris, 
menne slayaris, and brekaris of the bordouris ; as forther, in all thir and utheris 
materis, I sail send ane speciall frend of myne awin to the Kingis hienes and 
zour grace, amply instructit with my mynd and credence as to myselft", of the 
quhilk I dout uocht b<jt the Kingis hienes and zour grace wilbe rycht glaid aud 
joyuss, beseking zour grace of remeid as zour hie prudence can best deviss, as I 
that is ane innocent and saikles mann, as I sail ansuer to God, the Kingis hienes 
zour soverane, and zour grace, that suld have maist cure aud reule of liis derrest 
nephew my maister, and to gitf na credence to my adversaris, to writ and solicit 
the Kingis hienes Avrit to my Lord of Xortheumbreland and utheris his hienes 
oflRciaris in thir partis, to ressave me and myne within the realme of Eingland, 
and to causs the liegis and bordouraris one that syd ryd with me giff neid beis, 
quhil unto the tyme my said frend ma cum to the Kingis hienes and zour grace, 
for I am surely informit that thir saidis misdoaris will causs the Kingis hienes my 
soverane assege my houssis and persew my seltf to the deid, or eliis expeli me 
furthe of this cuntre, without the Kingis hienes zour soverane, his derrest uncle, 
and zour grace, in quhilkis is all my traist and confidence, set remedy herein, 
maist hertly beseking zour gud grace to pardone my liamlynes, and do for me at 
this tyme as zour grace lies evir done hiddertilis, as I that lies bene and evir salbe 
zour grace faithefull and trew servand helpand the blissit Trinite, quhame 
preserve zour grace in lyff everlesting. Writtin at Coldinghame Abbay, the xj 
day of September 1528. 

To my Lord Cardinalis grace. 

117. The Sa:me to King Henry the Eighth, commending his brother as 
bearer of a letter to the King. Coldingham Abbey, [14th] September 

Right excellent, richt hie and niichty prince, in my maist lauly maner I recommend 
my humill seruice vnto zour hienes. And ffor samekill as my simpilnes send 
writingis the x*^ day of September to zour grace, of certane materis occurrand for 
that tyme, referrand the residew to be schewing to zour hienes be ane speciall 
frende of myn, and thocht nane sa conuenient (sen my seltf ma nocht be lasarit) as 
zour grace lauly seruitor this berar, my brother germane, to direct vnto zour hienes, 
amply instructit with my full plane and vter mynd and resolutioun in all effaris to 
be reportit to zour gud grace, maist humily beseking zour hienes to dedeyne the 
sammyn sa for as to heir my said brother glaidly, and to giff him firme credence 
as to my selff, considering I am sa hevily and wrangusly done to be my vnfrendis 
Avithout zour grace gifi' remedy to me, that has bene and evir salbe trew and 
faithfull seruitour vnto zour hienes, as knawis the Creatour. Eicht excellent, richt 
hie and michty prince, I pray God Almychty conserve zour maist nobill persona 
in prosperite. "Writtin at Coldinghame Abbay, the day of September 1528. 

Zour hienes humill seruitour, 

Ar° Erl of Anguss. 

To the richt excellent, richt hie and michty prince, the Kingis hienes of 
Eingland, etc. 

118. The Sa:me to Cardinal Wolsey, commending his brother as his 
messenger. Coldingham Abbey, 14th September 1528.- 

My Lord, in my maist lauly maner I commend my hertly service unto zour 
grace ; and quhareas I send Avritingis the xj day of September instant to zour 
grace, making mencioune of sic materis as occurrit for that meyntyme, differrand 
the remainet to be declarit to zour grace be ane greit frende of myn, and becaus 
I ma nocht be weill forborne furthe of thir partis, I thocht nane sa expedient as 
zour gracis servitour this berar, my brother germane, to direct unto zour grace, 
instructit withe my resolut mynd and trew intentioune at large in all thingis, as he 
will informe zour grace ; maist effectuosly and humilly praying the sammyn, of 
zour hie prudence and greit wysdome, that has mesit, ])acifyit, and put to rest 
mekill of the haill Christianite, to take pyne, travell, and besynes on zour persone 
^ Original in Public Record Office, London. ^ Ihid. 


to dres and reforme this manifest wraing done to me, as I that has bene, and evir 
salbe, faithefull servitour to the Kingis hienes zour soverane, and to zour grace. 
and thoill me nocht be sa owrethrawin and planly oppressit as the cruelty of mya 
unfrendis purposis to do. And pleis zour grace to giff my said brother firme 
faitlie and credence as to my selfF, and giff evir my meritis or trew service ma 
stand zour grace in ony steid or plesur, I am addettit and oblissis me tharto of 
verray gud hart and mynd, as knawis God, quha mot preserve zour gud grace in 
lang lyffe and gud heithe. Writtin at Coldinghame Abbay, the xiiij day of Sep- 
tember 1528. 

Zour gracis servitour, etc., 

rr, T 1 r. T T 4. Ar^ EpwL OF Angus. 

io my Lord Cardmalis grace, etc. 

1 1 9. The Same to the Earl of Northumberland, recommending his brotlier 
to the Earl's good- will. Coldingham Abbey, 14th September 1528.^ 

My Lord, in my maist hertly maner I recommend me unto zour lordschip. And 
iforsamekill as I wrait to zour lordschip the xj day of September instant, making 
mencioune of sic materis as occurrit for that meyntym, referrand the residew to 
be declarit to zour lordschip be ane greit frende of myn, to be directit to the 
Kingis hienes, my Lord Cardinalis grace, and zour lordschip ; and thocht nane sa 
ganand tharfore as my brother germane, this berar, quham I have instructit witli my 
resolut mynd and trew intencioune at large in all thingis, as he will informe zour 
lordschip ; praying the sammya etfectuosly to giff" him zour best counsall and 
avise in myn effaris, and how he sail behave him, and to stand my gud lord ami 
greit frende at this tyme of neid, as my singular traist and speciall confidence is 
in zour lordschip ; and be thare steid, plesur, or kyndnes that I ma do to zour 
lordschip, I salbe reddy at all tymes tharunto at the utermest of my power, as 
forther my said brother can schaw zour lordschip, quhilk pleis giff him credence 
and firme faithe as to my selff. And thus the Haly Triuite preserve zour lordschip 
in prosperite efter zour nobill hartis desyre. Writtin at Caldinghame Abbay, the 
xiiij day of September 1528. 


Ar°- Erl of Angus. 

To my Lord Erie of Northumbreland, lieutennent and wardane of the 
marchis of Eingland foranentis Scotland, etc. 

^ Original in Public Record Office, London. 

120. The S.UIE to The Same, asking for help against King James the Fifth's 
attack upon him. Cohlingham, 4th October 1528.^ 
My Lord, in my most hartlie maner I commend me oneto zour lordscliep. Plesit 
the saminge that [the] Kingis grace of Scothind come with liis gret pouar tlie thrid 
day of this instant monath of October to Coldinglieme, and enterit my Lord Iloume 
and his broder, the Abbot of Jedwarth, in CuLlingheme, to kep it and to hald 
me out of thai partis, bot I haif rapulsit my Lord Iloume and his broder fra the 
saminge ; that saminge nocht the Kyngis grace durst nocht ramane half ane houir, 
bot ramuftlt bakwarts be al his mane and deligens, and was richt afferit, and never 
lechtit of his hors oneto he come to Dunbar. My Lord, it is nocht unknawine to 
zour lordschep at the Kyng of Scotland convenis with the gret pouar of Scotland, 
and cumis to asseige my housis the xviij day of this saminge instant monath of 
October; quharfor I besek zour lordschep at ze wald be ramembrit one the 
saminge, and to ■wryt to the Kyngis henes that I may haif his gracis supple and 
help agane the said daye, with zour lordschep supple and fortificatione to the 
saminge, as my special trest and beleif is in zour lordschep, quhame the blesit 
Jesu haif zour lordschep in his kepynge. Of Coldingheme, the iiij day of October. 
Subscrivit 'with my hand. 


Ar° Erl off Anguss. 
To my Lorde. 

12L The Sa^ie to King Henry the Eighth, seeking redress in his affairs. 
Coldingham Abbey, 13th Kovember 1528.- 

EiCHT hie, richt excellent and mycht[y] prince, in my maist humill manere I 
commend my lauly service unto zour hienes. Emplesit zour maist nobill grace, 
zour commissionaris, and thame one this syd, convenit within zour tonne of 
Berwyk the audit day of November instant, and has appoyntit the nynt day of 
the nixt monetht to meit in the said place for finall conclusioune of peax to be 
takin ; maist humilly Ix'seking zour hienes to have rega[rd] and consideratioune 
of my simpilnes that is and evir salbe zour hienes trew and faithfull servitour, 
and to be sa gud and gracious p[rince] as to writ to zour commissionaris, com- 
manding thame that na pe;ix nor trewis be takyn with Scotland bot gitf my 

^ Original iu British Museum, London. 

- Original in Public Hecord OtEce, Loodon. 


materis be [drejssit in the samrayn, for I, my frendis and parttakaris sail byd at, 
un<lerly, and fulfill the commandment and plesur of zour hienes enduri[ug] oure 
lyffis, quhilk I promit faithfully to observe and keip ; and giff the trewis beis 
takin at this tyme betuix thir twa rea[lm]es without myn etfaris be ordourit 
thareiu, I and my frendis ar uterly distroyit and put doune for evir, sa that I ma 
ncvir b[e] hiibill to serve zour hienes, for this peax that Scotland desyris is 
allanerly for my distructione, nocht douting zour hienes greit prudence will have 
gud consideracioune of my faithefuU mynd and trew service unto zour hienes, and 
to have piete of me and par[d]one myn inoportunite now in tyme of neid, that 
has nane uther help nor suppley but zour hienes allanerly. 

Richt hie, richt excellent and mycht[y] prince, I pray God Almychty preserve 
zour maist noble persone in lang lyff and gud prosperite. Writtin at Colding- 
hame Abbay, the xiij*^ day of Novembre 1528. 

Zour hienes humill servitour, 

Ar°- Erl of Angus. 

To the richt hie, rycht excellent and mychty prince, the Kingis hienes of 
Eingland, etc. 

122. The Saisie to the Earl of Northumberland, relating the result of 
King James the Fifth's attack on Tantallon. Coldingham Abbey, 
[14th] November 1528.1 

My Lord, in my maist hertly manere I commend me unto zour gud lordschip, 
and to certify the sammyn of sic novelles as occuris here. Emplesit zour lord- 
schip, call to rememberance how the King my maister assemblit his army the xviij 
day of October last bipast, nochtwithstanding the tender and speciall lettrez the 
Kingis hienes of Eingland directit to his grace in favouris of me, and incontrar 
the said convocacioune or assegeing of my houss of Teintalloune, at the quhilk 
he and his army, with artaillierie of his awin and of Dunbar Castell in greit 
quantite, has lyne and assiegit rycht scharply baithe be giinnis and inginiouss 
menne, baithe Scottis and Frenche, that myndit the wallis, in sic sort that as can 
be rememberit thare was nevir sa mekill pane, travell, expensis, and diligence 
done and maid for the wj-nnyng of ane houss and the sammyn escaip in Scotland 
sen it was first inhabit ; and apone Weddynnisday. the ferde of November, the 
King removit to Edinbruirht, bot xvi mvlis fra Teintalloune, and left ane band 
^ Original in British Museum, London. 


of fut menne and ane cumpany of horss menne to convoy hame the artaillierie ; 
and that sammyn Weddj-nuisday, at nycht, I, and part of wele horssit menne of 
myn awin, to noumer of aucht score, and levit the lave of my folkis behynd me 
at Teintalloune, followit in eftir thame, and a litill efcir the mone rysing or it 
was day, set apone thame, and has defait thame all, loving to God, baithe horss 
menne and fut menne, and slanc David Falkconer, principall capitane of the 
futmenne, the best man of wer was in Scotland one the sey, and was takin be 
Einglismenne nocht lang ago ; and I have takin ane uther capitane of the 
fut menne, and has him in firmance ; and also I tuk the maister of the artaillie, 
and wane all the sammyn, and had baithe menne and artaillierie all in my will 
and dangare ; bot becauss the King my maister is sa neir of blud to the Kingis 
hienes of Eingland, that has done sa mekill for me, and sa gud and graciouss 
prince to me, and mekill the better be zour solicitacioune, I wald nocht dishonour 
the King here sa fer as to hald his artaillie, bot convoyit the sammjTi my selff 
quhill it was furthe of danger, and sufferit the maister of artailHe to pas, and 
prayit him to commend my lauly service unto my soverane, and to schew his 
grace that I have bene trew servand and subiect to the sammyn, and that I gave 
his grace na wyte of ocht that was done to me, bot to the evill avisit personis 
about his grace nocht worthy therto, and had done sic dishonour to him at this 
tyme thai mycht nevir amend it, and I had plesit put it to executioune. ^Ij 
Lord, thir premissis ar of verite, and howbeit I mycht have ane way and 
appoyntment, I will do na thing therin bot be the ordinance of the Kingis hienes 
of Eingland and the aviss of zour lordschip, and lies writtin presently to the 
Kingis hienes to send command to the commissionaris nocht to tak na trewis nor 
peax without I and my frendis be restorit to our heritagis, benefices, offices, 
rumys, and possessiouns, and his grace abyding therat, I knaw pertit all wilbe as 
his hienes will have it. And forther, in every behalfl" my brother zour servand 
cann informe zour lordschip, quhame God conserve eternaly. Writtin at Colding- 
hame Abbay, this Setterday. 


AbP Erl off Anguss. 

To my Lord Erie of Northeumbreland, lieutennent and wardane generall of 
the Merchis of Eingland foranentis Scotland. 

123. The Sa3IE to Cardinal Wolsey, beseeching assistance. 
Preston, 18th May 1529.^ 

My Lord, in my maist lauly maner I recommend my humill service unto zour 
grace, quhilk plesit I have send this present portatour to the Kingis hienes and 
zour grace, amply instructit with my mynd, as he will informe zow : sa scherply I 
am persewit, and the treux sa extremly takin in my contrar, that I ma nocht 
Weill remane Avithin this realme, as forther the said latour can mair largely mak 
manifest unto zour grace ; maist humily beseking the same to stand my gud lord 
and furthir myn effaris now in necessite, and to gifF audience and credence to the 
said berar as to my selff; and giff thare be ony steid or service my simpilnes ma 
do to the plesur of zour grace, it salbe reddy at command, as knawis God, quha 
conserve zour grace eternally. Writtin at Prestoune, the xviij day of JNIaij 1529. 

Zour gracis servitour at all power, 

Ar'*- Erl of Angus. 
To my Lord Cardinalis grace, etc. 

124. Agreeiment between King Henry the Eighth and Archibald, sixth 
Earl of Angus, in the event of a war between England and Scotland. 
25th August 1532.2 j-Qid copy.] 

Henry the Eight, by the grace of God, King of England and of Fraunce. 
defensour of the faithe and lorde of Irlande, greting. Wheras our righte trusty 
and right welbiloved cousin, Archibald Erie of Anguishe, hathe, by his writing 
subscribed with his hande, dated the xxv'' day of August the xxiiij^' yere of our 
reign, promysed us by his othe and in the worde of a gentleman, that, in cace we 
shuld move actual warre to the King of Scotlande, he, to his possible poure, -vnth 
suche his servauntis, adherentis, and frendes as he canne by any meanes procure, 
shal truly and faithefully serve us in the same, with other condicions as in the 
said Avriting is conteyned ; to th'intent the said Erie shuld not in that cace dispair 
of our goodnes, but be encouraged to doo us service with the bettre good wil, we 
have thoughte good to make promyse to the said Erie in writing, and doo promyse 
unto him by thise presentis, that in cace warre dothe ensue betwene us and the 
said King of Scottis, and in the same warre the said Erie of Anguishe doo use 

^ Original in Public Eecord Office, London. 
2 Original in British Museum, London. 


himself according to the purporte of the said writing, truly and faithfully serving? 
us, as in the same writing is conteyned ; and over that, at the commencement and 
begynning of the said warre, the said Erie doo make unto us othe of alleageaunce, 
and recognise us as supreme lorde of Scotlande, and as his prince and souverai'i-n, 
we thenne, the said Erie doing the preraysses, shalbe reputed and taken as 
bounde, and by thise presentis binde ourself to paye yerly unto the said Erie 
the somme of oone thousand poundis sterling, and the same yerly payment of 
oon thousand poundis sterling, to contynue unto the said Erie and endure 
untyl we have, by our said warre, reduced the said Erie into possession of his 
landis in Scotlande, eyther at our hande by conquest, or at the hande of the King 
of Scottis by our meanes ; and further promyse unto the said Erie that he serving 
us in the said warres, if the same chaunce, we shal take noo appointement of peace 
with the said King, without com})reheucion, restitucion of landis, and reconcilia- 
cion of the said Erie. And for wittenesse of the premysses we have signed thise 
presentis with our oune hande, after our accustumed maner, the said xxv^^ daye 
of August, the xxiiij" yeir of our reigne. 

125. Sir George Douglas to King Henry the Eighth, desiring to know 
what to do with Cawmills. Berwick, 9th February [1533].^ 

Kyght hygh, excellent, and myghty prynce, unto your hyghnes in my most lowly 
maner I commende my symple servyse, most humbly thankyng your hyghnese of 
your good and gracyus letter sent unto my Lorde my brother and to myne uncle 
and to me, wyth your hyghnese rewarde, sent with your vycechambrelane to us, 
prajTJig God that we may do your hyghnese servyse accordyng to our good wyll 
and mynde. Plesyd your hyghnese, for such newis as we have furthe of Scott- 
land, I have shewyd unto your servand, capytane of your hyghnese towne of 
Berwyke, and I dout not but he wyll certyfye your hyghnese of the same; and 
so as I do gytt knowlege I shall certyfye hym or others of your hyghnese consell 
that be here, accordyngly as the mater is of weglit, and as my deuty is so to do. 

Plesyd your hyghnese that my Lorde of Northumbrelande, your hyghnese 
wardan, dyd charge me. in your hyghnese name and behalfe, with the kepyng of 
an towre in Scottlande callyd the Cawmylles affor Chrystynmase, and desyryd me 

^ Original in Public Record Office, London. 


to stand chargyJ with the same to the tyme your hyghnese plesure were knowne ; 
and so I have kept itt of my cost and chargys, with the nombre of 14 men at the 
Icyst, and the house is of small strenthe, except itt be l)yggyd and helpyd by your 
hyghnese. The kepyng of the sayd hous, as symple as itt is, doyth grete dys- 
plesures to Scotland and eayse to your hyghnese bordres, and enspecyally to your 
hyghnese towne of Berwyke. Most humbly beseching your hyghnese that I may 
know your hyghnese pleasure tochyng the sayd house of the Cawmylles ; and whatt 
servyse your hyghnese wyll commande me wythe, I shal be redy to fulfyll the 
same to my lytyll power, as knoweth the eternall God, who preserve your hyi^h- 
nese in helthe and honor. Wrytyn at your hyghnese towne of Berwyke, the 9* 
day of February, 

By your hyghnes most humble and lowly servande, 

George Dowglas. 

To the ryght hygh, excellent, and myghty prince, the Kynges hyghnes of 

126. Sir George Douglas to Mr. Cromwt.ll, in reference to Cawmills. 
Newcastle, 10th July [1533].i 
ScHiR, in my most hartle maner I commend me til zour mastersip, and plest 
zow that thar is no owder newes in thir partes bot sik is I trast the Kingis com- 
misoners hes awtwartist zowr mastersip off at lenht, or els I sowld haff wryten 
sik is I hawd knawen. Schir, I do fer that the Scotes sal com "wyt ane powar til 
seg the Cawffmills the first thing at tha wyl do ; and ze kene it is nocht bildit til 
rasist nor diftVnd agane an gTet powar, and it was the Kingis plesir, at my 
departing, at I sowld kep the said hows bot frome steling, and sene at the com- 
missoners is nocht agreit, I wald ze wer sa gowd til me es til knaw the Kincis 
plesir qow I sal kep the sad hows ; and gif it be the Kingis most graysows plesir 
that I sal kep the sad hows frome awl dengars, it most be bildit and made stronc:, 
for gif the Scotis sowld get it parfa ... it wald be ane gret plesir til thanie, 
becaws ze Kengis gras has denyit thame the sad hows, and I wald be sore at it 
sowld hawpen so, becaws I half the keping of it, and qwat his most graysows 
plesir is I most hartle desir zow til awthwartis me wyt the nixt post at coms, for 
this mater inq^yrs gret best, and I thowt I cowld do no les one my dewte bot 
til awhwartis zow or the dangar com, and qwyl I hatf zour ansowr agane, I sal do 
^ Original in Public Record Oflice, London. 

my best til the keping off the sad hows, and qwat plesir or sarwis ze "w-yl com- 
mand me wyt, I sal be rede to ffowlffil the same at my lytel powar, es kna\ns 
God, qwo hafF [zow] in keping. At the New Castal, the x day of Jowly. 

Be zowrs at his lytel powar, 

George Dowglas. 

To ye reght wyrshipflfowl Master Crowmal of ye Kinges most onerabel consal. 

127. Instructions to be contained in a letter from King Henry the 
Eighth to the King of Scots, on behalf of the Earl of Angus and 
his brother. [September 1534.]^ 

A remembrance to the Kinges highnes and his mooste honorable counsaill, 
for th'erle of Angus and his brother, wherin it may pleas his highnes to 
direct his most gracious lettres to the Kingis grace of Scotlande in the 
favour of the said Erie and his brother, with somme substanciall wise 
gentilman, concerning their requeste heraftur ensewing. 
Furste, it may pleas your highnes to call unto your graces remembraunce your 
many and sundry rec^uestes and AVTitinges made unto the Kinges said grace of 
Scotlande, in the favours of the said Erie and his brother. Your grace doithe 
knowe the trew and faithfuU hert and mynde that the said Erie and his brother 
have borne and berethe towardes the said King, And also considouring we never 
offended unto his grace, or were robbers, murderers, or also brekers of his lawes 
or justice, but that we, by the sinistre enformacion of our small freindes and 
e\-ill willars (without cause or occasion by us to his grace or realme geven), were 
exiled and putt furthe of the realme of Scotlande. The principall point and cause 
whiche our said nonfreindes furst allegied for them selfes was, that we shulde have 
put furthe his grace unto your highnes ; and your grace doithe perfitelie knowe 
the contrary, for of our honesties we doo not knowe any offence that we shulde 
have done unto his grace, or that his grace should have displeasur to us (except it 
be for serving of your grace the last Avarre). "Wherfore we mooste humbly and 
lawly besuche your highenes to direct your tender, loving, and kinde lettres unto 
his grace, that we may be restored thidder and to our possessiones and landes, and 
the same to occupye and have as we did before we were exiled, this being done, in 

* Original in Public Record Office, London. 

cace we had bene ofFeiidours (as we are none) we truste your highenes reasonable 
request and deasire herin shall not be denyed. 

Secondelie, it woll pleas your highenes and moste honorable counsaille, that 
we mighte have knowelege afore or the gentilman past into Scotlande to tb'iutent 
we may certefye our freindes in Scotlande to cause theim make laubours to have 
knowelege of the Kinges mynde, whiche way were best to content and pleas his 
grace, and to bring the mattere to good effect and purpose, so that our freindes 
mighte alwayes from tyme to tyme reasourte unto the said gentilman to advertise 
hym therof, as the case shall require. 

We truste also that your highnes and moste honorable counsaille, at the 
concluding and taking of the last peax, have takin such ordour fur us, our poore 
bloide and hous, as doithe stonde for your graces honor and the welthe and suretie 
of us and our bloide, for we are bounde to your grace evermore to be your 
servauntes for the grete goodnes to us shewed heretofore, and furthere to pray 
for the preservacione of your highenes mooste roiall estate. 

128. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to his brother, Sir George 
Douglas, as to his affairs, and news from Scotland. Berwick, 
24th March [1536].i 

Broder, I commend me to zow. ^Yeit ze that I am hayll and feyr at the 
makyn off this by 11, desyr\Tig the sam off zow and all my gowde ffrendis in tha 
partis. AVeit ze that I hayff rasa^^^t zovrr writyngis fra Pate Nesbet, and hays 
spokyn with hym at lencht. Ferder, ye sail weit at ffrendis in Schotland has 
byddyn me adwertys zow that ze sail speyk with Master Adem Oterbowrn, or 
cawis sowm tentyk man to speyk with hym as ze thynk expedyent, for he hays 
bot small trayst in Schotland, as thai trast, and pray hym to be gowd in to my 
mater and zowrs, and ze may promys hym thar for as ze thynk expedyent, for hys 
word may do gowd at this tym. Thar for I pray zow that ze w^'ll lawbor to 
hym all zowr wysdomm thjTikis expedyent, for frendis trowis that ze may lawber 
weyll with h}Tn, thar for he may be spokyn with thar withowt ony suspecion. 
And ferder, I pray zow to desyr the Kyngis grayce to byd my Lord Wylzem to 
speyk to the Kynge of Schotland effectwusle for me, for thai trayst that he wyli 
get an gowd answer, for t\Tn that my Lord Wylzem speyk thar is othir that wyll 
help gowd putis in the tym, for thai trayst that it wyll be weill ta}Ti with, sa 
^ Original in Public Record OflBce, London. 

that he speyk frefully, as thai trayst that has adwertysit me. Thar for I pray 
zow that ze wyll desyr tlie Kyngis grace, and my Lord of Norchtwolk, and the 
sacrater, to byd him speyk in that mater, as ze and I sail adwertys hym off tliat 
and all othir thyngis at his cowmyn, with the grace of God, and ze sail weit for 
othir thyzandis in to Schotland, the clarge is sitand on an generall cownsell in to 
Edynbrowge apon an serten artykillis that the Kyng hais put to tham. The 
Kyng is nocht in to the town hyni selft', and werra few temperall lordis ; and at 
the makyn otf this wrj^tyn the Kyng was in Crawfturd Jhon in Cledysdol, and 
send his writyn to Edynbrowge to the clarge. The bereris off this writyn was 
Schyr Jamys Hamylton, and Xycoll off Crawffwrd, and Mayster Jamys Fowlys. 

This was the pwntis of the Kyngis charge and command, as I was adwertesit, 
bydand the clarge gyff owi' the crospresandis and the owmest claycht throw all 
Schotland, that thai sowld be na mayr teynd, and at ewere man swld hayff hys 
awn teynd, payand tharffor for his teyndis syklyk as he payis to his landis lord 
off his malys, and na mayr, for all his haill tendis ; and Schir Jamys and the 
tothir twa sayd to the clarge, and thai grantit nocht to that at the Kingis com- 
mand that thar sowld be an charge layd to tham that he swld ger tham set all 
thar the temperall that the kyrk hau to few, and to hayff for it hot the aid mayll 
syklyk as the aid rentalys berys. The k\Tkmen off Schotland was newer sa 
ewyll content. The word is now throw all Schotland that, the Kyngis vryW meit, 
for tham that was ferest agayn it in to Schotland, sayis that the Kj-ng wyll meit 
his wnkyll, with the grace of God, and trastis nocht ellis for thir thyzandis that I 
writ to zow that the man that schow me tham com fra the Kyng to Edynlirowge, 
and hard the charge gyihn to tham, with thir thre that I wrait oft' befor. Nocht 
ellis as now, bot God hayff zow in his kepyn. Writyn at Berwyk, the xxiiij day 
of March. 

Ar°- Erl of Angus. 
To my broder, Gorge Dowglas, be this delywerit. 

129. The Sa^ie to the Lord Privy Seal of England, as to procuring 
pardon from King James the Fifth through the influence of the King 
of France. Berwick, 30th September [153G].- 

My Lorde, I commende me righte hartely unto your good lordshipe. Pleased 

the same to wite, the King of Scottis is departid out of Scotland, accompanid 

^ Original in British Museum, London. 


with V sheppes, and, I ame advertissed, did arrive in Depe the x dai of Sep- 
tembere, and dopartid the nixt dai out of the same, and x horsses with him, and 
whether he is gonne I trust your lordshipo knowithe better thane I. He has 
tayne with him out of ScotLand the Erelies of Argile, Arrene, and Roiththose, the 
Lord Fleimyng, the abbottis of Arbroathe and Kenlosse, with diverse knightes and 
gentlemene. It is said that he has the numbere of iij or iiij hunder uiene with 
him. He has left governouris behind him of the realmme, the Erelies of 
Huntlie, ]\Iontrosse, and Aglinton, the Lord Maxwell, with the Archebishopes of 
Sanctandrowes and Glasco, beyng Chaunceler ; for his retornyng home no mane 
knowes here. As for other newes, ther is non in thes parties. My Lord, I 
most hartely desir yow to be so good unto me, that yow wold move unto the 
Kingis highncs, if it mighte stand with his most gratiouse pleasour, to Avrite to his 
ambassadouris now beyng with the Fraunche King, desiring theme to move the 
Fraunch King that he wold desir my pardone, and my broders, of the King of 
Scottis ; shewing to the said Fraunche King we never otfendid, but senistraly 
doune to, by counsell of our small ffrendes beyng about the said young King of 
Scottis. I trust, if the said King of Scottis marie with the Fraunche King, he 
wiU denye no reasonabble thing that he will desir of him, and this is but a small 
mater amongis princes, and I trust the Fraunche King will do the best he cane at 
the Kingis highnes desir. If we were at home in our counctray, we might do the 
Kingis graice better service than we do here, and without charges, where now we 
putt his graice to great charges and may do him but small service, of the which I 
ame sorie, for if I might maik a hunder thousand, they and I shuld be at his graces 
commandemente. I will never sonce for no way of the King of Scottis but b}- 
the Kingis highnes meanes here, and if this my small petitioune ma stand with 
the Kingis pleasour, I desir your Lordshepe to be so good lorde unto me as to 
maik hast the Kingis writtingis unto the Fraunche Kinge, for I fere the King of 
Scottis will tary in Fraunche as shorte while as he may. My Lorde, I besuche 
your lordshepe to pardon my homelynes that I ame so bold to charge yowe to 
taik paynes for me. I ame not abble to deserve it. Desiring your lordeshepe to 
accept my pour good will, whiche is at your commandement, M'ith my service, as 
knowithe God, who have your lordeshepe in liis keping. At Barwick, the last dai 
of Septembere, 

By youris, 

Erl of Anguss. 
To my especiall good lorde my Lord Preve Seale. 


130. The Sa^ie and Sir George Douglas to Lord Lisle, giving an account 
of proceedings in the Scots Parliament. 16th March [1542.]^ 

After oure hertlie recommendacionis unto zour gud lordschip, pleacit the same be 
certitMt, we recey\-it zour letters from zour servant, Nicholaice HolbuVn, the xv'^ 
of Marclie instant, datit at Alnwyk, the xiiij'^'^ of the said month, desyring to knowe 
whethere the Governour and we inteudis to deliver the Cardiuall out of pryssoun 
or not, and howe mouy of the lordis come to the parliament, and how mony of 
thame be wanting, and of . . . ble of parliament what statutis, lawis, or actis ar 
agreit upone, and ... to common of the maryage to be had betuix the Kingis 
majeste and our princes, and what lyklihoide we have tharin, as zour said lettre 
mare largely proportis. 

My Lord, pleacit zour gud lordschip, as twiching the deliverance of the 
Cardinall out of firmance that he is in presentlie, thare is greate sute maid be 
divers greate men within this realme for the same, but we perceyve none apperance 
tharof, nor zit shall he be deliverit sa fer as we may mak impediment. And as 
twiching the convencioun of the lordis to the parliament and procediuge tharinto, 
the parliament begane the xij'^ of Marche, and in the wylk aftre, thare convenit in 
the toune of Perth, th'erles of Huntlie, Ergyle, ]Murray, and Boithwell, ^^'\l\\ one 
greate nowmer of bischoppis and abbotis, baronis and knyghtis ; and so the 
forsaidis lordis sent the Lischop of Orknay and Schir Johne Campbell of Caldour, 
knyght, uncle to th'erle of Ergyle, with certane articlis to my lorde governour 
and counsall being with him ; and ane of the principall articlis was to put the 
Cardinall to liberte ; and one uther was that the New Testament shulde . . . 
abroide. The thridd article was that the governour shulde be usit and counsalit 
be thame in all th'aftairis of the realme. The ferde was that th'ambassiatouris 
that ar contenit in the saulfcouduct come fro the Kingis majeste, that thai wald 
not be contentit that thai shuld pas in England, but wald have otheres of thare 
chesing. My lord governour, with avise of ws and of his counsalle, made thame 
. . . finall aunsuer that he wald grant thame no suche unreasonable des}Tis. And 
incontinent after the departing of the said bischop and knycht, we sent one 
heralde of armys unto the saidis lordis at Perth, chargeing thame, under the 
payne of traysoun, to cum and serve the governour for the welth of the realme, 
according to thare dewite and allegyaunce. Tliir forsaidis lordis pretendit to 
have made one partie, if thai had bene aide ; and my lorde governour and we 
* Oris'inal in Public Record Office, London. 


agaue preparit ouresehas with all the gentillmen and servyng men that langit 
unto ws to one gud noA^Tner, and one well favorit ciunpany purposing to procede 
in our parliament, in dispyte of all thame wold say the contrarie ; and than the 
saidis lordis saying this that thai mycht not mak thare partye gud, th'erle of 
Huntlie sent unto the governour and to ws, saying that he wald cum and do his 
dewite to the governour, and mouche the rather for our cause, considering the 
proximite of blude that was betuLx ws. And so, be our advise, the governour 
was contentit to geve him assurance to cum and serve him in the said parliament. 
And so the said Erie come in one Soonday, the xj*^ of Marche, and one Monday, 
the xij*'^ of the same, th'erle of jNIurray sent and desyrit he mycht cum and serve 
the governour, and we acceptit him in lyk maner ; and upone Tuysday th'erle 
Boithwell sent to ws one letter, and desjTit ws that he mycht cum and serve the 
governour in this present parliament, and we movit the same to the governour, and 
he being contentit tharwith, the said Erie Boithwell come in one Weddynnisday, 
the xiiij'^ of this month, and all the clergy, boith bischoppis and abbotis, com 
into the said parliament upon Sounday the xj'^ herof ; and so all the greate men 
[of] Scotland convenit to the said parliament, boith spirituall and temporall, 
excepte th'erle of Ergyle allan[erly], who is sore seilc, and send his procuratoris 
with his two uncles to mak his excuse, the xv^^ of Marche. And so, my Lord, 
we have procedit in the said parliament as herefter followis : — In the first, we 
have devisit ambassiatouris to go strecht unto the Kingis majeste ; that is to say, 
Schir Williame Hammiltoune and Schir James Leirmonth, with one lai'ge commis- 
sioun. And as t^viching the maryage of my Lorde Prince aud the Qucnis grace, 
we have concludit that ze shall have the maryage of the said Queue and to 
contracte the same be thir said ambassiatouris and the governour and realme of 
Scotland to be the Kingis faithfull frendis at thare poweris, before all otheris 
realmes. This is the first poynt that we have concludit in parliament. 

Secundlie. AATiare th'erle of Arrane was chosin governour before be one small 
nowmer of lordis, now he is ratify[it and a]pprovit be all the thre estatis in 
parliament, governour and secund persone of this realme. 

Thridlie. The pretendit processes of forefalture injustlie led agains ws with 
the Lorde Glammys, our sister sone Archibald Douglas, our unclis sone James 
Douglas of the Parkhed, and Alexander Drummond of Carnoch, be the King of 
Scottis, whom God assoilze, was retretit and ordourly reducit this Thurisday, the 
xv"* of ^larche, and we restorit againe to [our] honouris, fames, landis, and gudis, 
in the same stait that we war in of before, and as zit we have procedit no forder ; 

but, as we have maid mencioun in thir saidis thre artickles, it has bene the maist 
substanciall parliament that evir was sene in Scotland in ony mannis remem- 
berance, and best furnist with all the thre estatis, and by that one greate nowmer 
of gentilmen and servj-ng men, the multitude is alsmoche as this toune and Leith 
may perfurnis and luge. And as we proceid to th'end of this parliament we shall 
herefter advertise zow. 

Als ze shall wit that thare come one Scottis schipp furth of France, the xiiij^^ 
of Marche instant, and has declarit unto the governour and ws that th'erle of 
Leuenax is to be here schortlie, and with him in cumpany one of the Frenche 
Kingis counsale, and sone efter him shall cum the Duke of Guyse or his sone, 
with tuelf thouusand man of warre, and, as it is thocht, for no pleasure [of] the 
governour nor ws, because t[hai] think we ar not gevin to the Frenche cast, but 
to follow the pleasure and contentacioun of the Kingis maieste, whiche we trest, 
be the grace of God, this zoung gentilman the governour, with th'advise and 
counsall of ws, will do the same. Thare is tuelf Frenche schippis maid reddy in 
the Xew Havin, as we are informit, and purposis to put to Bryst, in Bertaynze, 
and thare to tak in thare men, and to cum about be the west see, and intendis 
to land at the west parteis of Scotland about Dunbrytane; and i[f it] niycht 
stand with the Kingis pleasure that he wald resist thame be the way with his 
schippis, that Avald be one greate confort to this zoung gentilman the governour, 
and als to the moist part of this realme, and be one occasioun to draw the hartis 
of the hoill people unto the Kingis purpose. Tharfore we can do no les nor to 
advertise zour lordschip of thir afQires, not doubting but ze will certify the 
Kingis majeste and his moist honorable counsale of the same with diligence, 
and as newis occurris here we shall advertise zow from tyme to tyme. And 
forther, pleacit zour gude lordschip, that we moist be sutouris unto zow for one 
schip of fourscore tonn or within, to go in France to bring ws home stuf and 
wynes to oure housses, and suche persones to be in the said schip as efter 
followis ; that is to say, "Williame Mowbray and James Malt[man] Scottismen. 
with the nowmer of xx*' or xvj mari[neris] and servandis with thame, saulHie to 
pas and repas, be the Kingis moist gracious majesteis ccnducte. And als that it 
wald stande with zour lurdschips pleasour that we mycht have one writing of 
zouris that Williame Adamsoun, burges of Edinburgh, Eobert Crage his factour, 
and Williame F^oi, skypper of one schipp of fourscoir tonn or within, may surelie 
pas and repas to Denmark or Danskin with merchandice, and return agane to 
England with victuales, and to be [un]trublit be ony Englisch schippis, with the 


no\vmer of tuenty personis [or] within. And "what steid or plea.sure we ma do 
to zour gude lordschip it shalbe reddy at all tymes, as knowis God, who mot 
preserve zour lordschip eternalie. "Writtin at Edinburgh, the xvj day of Marche 

f^^°"^^] ^' P°^^'^^' AR- Erl of Angus, 

be[f]ore [a]ll wyt servves, 

George Dowglas, 
To the rycht honorable and our very gude lorde, the Admirall and Wardane 
of England foranenst Scotland. 

131. Instructions by King Henry the Eighth to Sir George Douglas, 
regarding the proposed Alliance between the Kingdoms. [May 1543.]^ 

As concerninge the mariage of the doughter of Scotland with my Lorde Prince, 
the same to be passyd and agreyd on by treatye with thies conditions folowinge. 

Fiirst, that her person be delivered into this realme to the Kinges majeste, or 
the said Lord Prince, at hir age of 8 or tenne yeres at the farthest. 

Item, incontinently aftre this treaty passed and agreyd, hostages to be layd in 
to the Kinges majeste, to the nombre of six erles and barons, or there heires, suche 
as the Kinges majeste shall have cause to be contentyd with all, and also two of 
the busshops, if the same may be attayned ; whiche pledges slialbe bounde for th^ 
deliverye of the said doughtor at the yeres above specified. 

Item that, in the meane tyme of her demore in Scotlande, the said doughtour 
shalbe in the custodye of suche Scottishe lordes and noblemen as be alredy 
appointed there by parliament, the Lordes Erskyn and Seton only excepte ; and 
that for her education, instruction, saulf and holsome noriture, his highnes may 
apoint and place such aboute her person, Englisshe folke or other, as his majeste 
shall thinke expedient. 

Item that, aftre her delivery-e into this realme the mariage shalbe solempnised 
betwene my Lord Prince and her, at her age of 1 2 yeres at the furdyst. 

Item finally, that at such tyme as she shall in the reahne of Englonde atte}Tie 
the state of Quene, she shall have and enyoye as grete a dower as moste commonly 
Quenes of this realme have had and enyoyed. 

As concerning the perpetuall peax, the same shalbe passyd according to 
th'articles of the last peax with Scotlande, th'exception of Fraunce beinge preter- 
mytted and lefte out, and with this provision, that whome soever the Kinges 
' Original in Public Record OflBce, London. 


majestee, or the partie of Scotlande, shall compreliende generally or specially, it 
shalbe added, that if the same comprehense deteyne or withholde any lande, pos- 
session, or pension from the Kinges majeste or the partye of Scotlande, the same 
comprehense shall not enjoye the benefite of that comprehension, ne shall not be 
of the Kinges majeste or of partie of Scotlande, ayded, assisted, favored, or 
holpen in any wise, ue any of the parties of the Kinges majeste, or Scotlande. 
shall suffre any suche, or any of his or their subjectes, to have trafique, intelli- 
gence, or entrecourse emonge them ; reserving also unto theim self, by speciall 
covenaunt, libertie for eche of theim to ayde and assiste eche other, for the wages 
and stipende of the requirent, against those persons so comprehended. 

Item, if it may be opteyned, the hostages and pledgies which shalbe apointed 
to lye for deliverye of the doughtour, shalbe also bounde for observation of the 
peax, uutill such tyme as the said doughtour shalbe actually delivered unto the 
Kinges majestes handes. 

As concerning the state of the Governour, the Kinges majeste is right well 
contentyd that, the foresaid treatyes of mariage and peax beinge ones passed and 
concluded, and the said Governour contynuyng his devotion and inclination to 
the Kinges majeste, conformable to that he hath hitherto shewed, and using the 
counsell of suche noble men of Scotlande as hitherto he hath done, that he shall 
enjoye the same governourship duringe the noneage of the said doughtier, and 
shall have convenient and reasonable supplye and mayntenaunce of his majeste 
for the Governours supportation and defence against all such as wolde empeche 
the same : and that furdyrmore the said Governour shall enjoye to his use, and 
susteyninge the charges of the affajTes of the realme, the rentes, proufittes and 
commodities of the said realme of Scotlande, duringe the nonage of the said 
doughtour ; reservyd always and exceptyd suche a portion of the said rentes, 
revenues, and commodities as may be convenient for mayntenaunce of the state 
of the said doughtour, as to her dignite and degree apperteyneth. 

Finally, as touching deliverj^e of the prisoners and there pledgies, the Kinges 
majeste is contente that, the foresaid treatys of mariage and peax being passed, 
concluded, and ratified, and according to the purporte of the same hostages 
delivered for the performaunce of theim, in suche Avise^to use the said prisoners 
with there pledgies in that bihalf, as they shall have cause to recognise, know- 
ledge, and confesse his majestes greate humanite, liberalite, and goodnes towardes 
theim, and to here there hartye love and atiection contynuelly hereaftre towardes 
his hi^hnes for the same. 


^loreover, the said Sir George Douglas muste also remembre to obteyue a 
revocation of the former commission ami instructions given to Hamylton, Leyr- 
month, and the Secretarye, and to returne auctorised in such wise as th'erle of 
Glencarne, he, and th'other thre, may liave commaundment to passe over thies 
matters, without respecte of any other commission or instructions, then suche as 
shalbe nevvely sent by the said Sir George in his returne, which shall conteyne no 
other mater ne otherwise qualified, then in this present memorial is conteyned. 

132. James, Earl of Arran, to Sir George Douglas and others, with private 
instructions to treat with the English King. [Gth May lo-tS.]^ 
As concerning the ouverture maid to ws be the Kingis ambassatour, sayng 
that, yf we wold persew the mater, his majeste wold be contentit to bestow his 
maist noble dochter, Lady Elizabeth, apone our soue and air, for the greate ntfec- 
tioun that his majestie beris unto ws, our house and blude ; we for the same gevis 
maist humble thankis unto his majeste, in so farre as it hath pleasit his hieghnes 
of his singular humanite and grete gudenes to do ws so nioche honour, and lawlye 
hyme self so farre as to accept our sone, being of small abilnes in comparison of 
his royall majeste, so tenderly, as to marke hyme for his awin dochter. And 
besekis the Kinges majeste nocht to regard in this caise our present estate, that 
may no ways be conferrit with so greate ane prince, bot rather our faithfull hert. 
that is and salbe reddy at all tyme to deserve the guidnes of his majeste. And. 
for bringin of this mater to perfectioun, yf it be the Kingis pleasure, ze shal in our 
name lawly desyre his majeste to be contentit that ze treate apone the same, and 
thereftir, conforme to zour conimissioun, accomplisshe the contract of mariage 
betuix the said Lady Elizabeth and James Lord Hammyltoun, sone and apperand 
air to ws James Erie of Arrane, Governour, and second persone of Scotland : 
nocht doubting bot the Kingis majeste apone the said contract will so proviile for 
the said lady and hir parte, as accordis to th'estate of suche ane princesse. 

James G. 

133. The Same to the Earl of Angus, in reference to the English 

Ambassador. Lindores, 16th November 1543,- 


Rycht traist cousin and counsalour, we commend ws hertlye weill to zow. 

That be caus to ws and the lordis it was cleirlie understand that Schir Eaut'e 

^ Original in Public Record Office, London. * Ihid. 

Saidleir, imbassatour to the King of Ingland, daylie dircctit and resavit priwat 
Tvritingis to and fra syndrie giite menu and smal within this realme, quhilk think 
wes weray suspitious and contrarious to the commone weill of Scotland, spetialye 
in tyme of weyr : Thaiifor the said imbassatour wes chargit to addres hym towert 
■vvs, and schew his commissione, gif he had ony of the King of Ingland, and 
resave ansuer thairupoune ; and gif his forsaid commissione wes expirit, to depart 
always furtht of this realme ; quhilk charge wes gevin to the said ambassatoui- in 
zour hous of Temptallone, and he, nochtwithstanding the samyn, remanis still 
practisand priwatlie amangis oure soverane ladeis liegis, corrumpand, be money 
and wthir syndrie ways, grete menu of the realme, to the evident supplanting 
and undermynding of this cunitrey and faithful! subgettis thairof. Heirfor we 
pray zou, trest cousing, in our maist hertlye maneir, that ze dewoyd and cans the 
said imbassatour depart out of zour said hous of Temptalloune within ane schort 
space aftir the resiett of thir our letters, for zour awui weilfair, and eschewing 
of grete murmAvr of the subgettis of this realme, and to avacuat the suspitione 
rissin of zow, quhilk ze doing sal restoir zou to the luf and favor of the nobill 
and gret menn of the realme, and cans the uthir smal menu do the samyn, and 
desist fra thir gret murmur hed be thame towert zow. And thus, trest cousing, 
fairweill. At Lendoris, this Fredday, the xvij day of November 1543, 

Zour gud frind, 

James G. 
To our traist cousing and consalour, Archbald Erie of Angus. 

134. The Sa^ie to The Same. Further as to the English Ambassador. 
Linlithgow, 26th November [1543].^ 

Right traist cousing, after hertly commcndatioune, we have resavit zour writing 
fra Rothesay Herauld, boring in etfect that ze belevit not we woolde haif bene 
miscontent that Schir Kauf Sadlier had bene entretit in zour place of Temptallone, 
and now seing ws alterit tuucrtis him, ze desjTe ane charge, subscrivit be all the 
Lordis, to put him fourthe of zour house ; and trewly, gif he had usit himself like 
ane embassatour this tyme bigane, we wald nocht haif bene miscontent of his 
treatement, bot knawand na thing done be him according to sic an office, seand 
daylie his gret practicques niaide to seduce and corrupe trew faithfull subgettis of 
^ Original in Public Record Office, London. 


this realme to the opinione of England in this tyme of weir, na way resortand 
towertis ws, in quhois handis standis the auctorite of this realme, we thocht 
necessar to charge him to depart, and zow to devoyd your hous of him. And 
quhaire ze desyre the hail Lordis to send you ane charge thairto, we fynd it 
straunge that ze suld think our autorite insufficient to discharge ane Inglisman 
of this cuutrey in tyme of weir. Quhairfor we have send the said Eothisay 
agane unto zow, to charge zow in the name of the Quenis grace and of ws (con- 
forme to your desyer), that ze caus him pas heimewart to his awne cuntrey, 
desyering zou to obey the samjoi, as ze luif to declaire zour self wilfull to do zour 
dewite to the Quenis grace and this realme. And thus, rycht traist cousing, fare 
ze Weill. Of Lynlythquo, the xxvj day of November. 

Zowr gud frend, 

To our right traist cousing the Erie of Angus. 

1 35. The E^vrl of Angus to King Henry the Eighth, renewing professions 
of service. Dalkeith, 5th March [1544].^ 

After my most humble recommendation of service. Pleased your majestie, that 
I wold be verie glad to knowe that your highnes wer fullie perswadid of my 
faithfull myTide, the wiche shall indure the tym that I have to leve, with the 
uttermost of my powour, ever to be reddy to your majesties contentatioun, not- 
withstonding the contrary hath bene vehementlie shelved to your highnes : 
trusting yow be perswadid with the trewthe, as concerning my part herein, or 
now ; not doubting your majestyes good mynde and benivolens toward me in all 
sortes, ewen as your highnes alwayes has done ; and geve credens to this berar, 
your majesties chapleine, as to my self, the which will declare my holl mj-nde to 
your majestie at more lenthe. Wreten at Dalkethe, the fyft of Marche. 
Your graces "most humble with service, 

nr ^^ ^. ^^ ■ .- AR° ERL OF ANGUS. 

lo the Kmges most royall majestie- 
136. Sir George Douglas to Sir Ralph Eure. State of affairs in 
Scotland. [Fel)ruary 1545.]- 
Memor.\ndum. I dissayre zow tille excuse me that I vos so lang in .sending the 
Lard oft' Blaketer towart zow ; the cawss vos that ther is cummit in 2 Frenche 
schippis this Frayday the 11 off Fabruer. 

* Original in Public Record Office, London. ^ jj^i^i 



Secundlie, for newis owte off Franse, tlier is vraytingis cummit to tlie Quevne, 
Guvernour, and CarJenelle, makeing mensioun that ther is ane gentille man callit 
Lacroise, quiche departit letlie furlit off Scotland, and returnis agane in tille ane 
Scottis scliippe callit the Layoii, and bringis vith hym the ordur off Franse to the 
Guvernour, and fowrte thowsant crownis in niony, for to support ws with now 
presentlie : he beis here in all heste possible. 

Thridlie, Capitane Lorge Mougommere cumniis in this monht off Merche, and 
bringis with him sax thowsant men, vagit and vittelit for sax moneht, and 4 
hundreht thowsant crownis oft' the sonne for to fwrnis vajurs off Scottis men with, 
for our support. 

Feyrdlie, ther sal ane erme cum owt off Franse off 40 thowsant men, and the 
Ducke de Gweisse to be ther capitane generel. Thay sal land in Ingland, and do 
zow sik displesur, as sal be knawing to alle Crissin prensis, or ellis sal lose ther 
layvis for it. 

Fayftelie, the Emperur and the Frenche King ar apoyntit, and veille agreit in 
alle thingis, and sayis that the Emperur vilbe zour ennemie. The Frenche King 
hes bein sore seyke ; hie is veille amendit, and departit frome Fontayne Blewe to 
Amboyse. I ville nocht say to zow that alle thir teydens off Franse ar trewe ; 
bot off honeste I saw vraytingis apon the sam, that ar cummit owte off Franse 
vith gret deligense. 

Saxtelie, I heif cawsit my broder, the Erie off Anguse, to delayver his com- 
missioun off leutenentrie in afore the Guvernour and Conselle, making mensioun 
that the promisses that vas made to him vas nocht kepit. Thay cowld feinde no 
man to exceppe the office. Thay requayrit off me qhow this contray sowld be 
diffendit, and I saide the Guvernour sowld diffende it, for it vas hes office, and he 
hade bothe the proffit and the plesour, and vas ane luste zung man, and meit to 
be exersit in varefare, and my broder sowld be redde to serve the Queynis auch- 
torite, siklayk as uder nowbille men off the realme didde. The Guvernour vald 
nocht discharge him off his office ; nocht the lese I sal cawse him to wse him selfe 
in sik ane sorte that ze sal heif no cawse to complene off our kayndnes, the King 
standing gud and grasius prense to wse and our freindes. 

Seintlie, I heif vrytting ane letter one to the Kingis mageste, dissayring zow 
that I may heif ane ansuer off this saming, vith alle lefulle deligense, and that it 
may be secrit kepit, for it is nolese nor my layffe, if it be knawing. 

Aichtlie, I heif mo\'it the Guvernour and Lordis for the entering off the 
Scottis preysoners, quiche thay heif declarit planelie, that thay sal nocht enter. 

Thay ar contentit that commissiunners moit one bothe the saydis, and to intreit 
apoun the entering off the preysoners, and apon all uder maters concaruing the 
quayetnes of bothe the realmes. I treste that thay vald be contentit to send ane 
harot for ane salfe condoyt to imbassadoris to pass to the Kingis mageste ; bot 
thay ville nocht that me Lord Leuttenent sal see ther commission or artickillis one 
to siche tayme that thay be presentit one to the Kingis hienes. Tharfor advartis 
me agane, if it be the Kingis plesor that I sal labour to soliste the Queyne, 
Guvevnour, and Lordis to send ane harot for ane salfe condoyt to this affecke or no. 

Na}Titlie, me think it vore gud that the Kingis mageste, if it may stand vith 
his moste grasius plesour, make proclamasions one the Bordurs bothe otf Ingland 
and Scotland, and to send ane harot vith his cotte of armur apon him, declaring 
tille al the that vald fa\vore and assiste to the peax and contracke off mariage, that 
vas made at Loundon be the Imbassadors otf Scotland, heifing fowle commission 
tille complete and ende this sam, and vos fowllelie endit one bothe the partis, and 
ther efter falslie broking be ewille Scottes men, to the gret hurt and domage 
off the contray, and to ther gret dishonur and manefeste falset that so didde. 
Nocht the lese all gud trew Scottis men, that ville fawore and assiste to the honur 
off our soverene ladye the Quenys grace, the common veille and quayetnes off ther 
realme, and to manteine and fortefie the fore saide peax and contracke, thay sal 
be faworit and diffendit be the Kingis mageste off Ingland, bothe ther bodis, landis, 
and guddis, and taking and exceppit as trewe men ; and thay that ville do the 
contrare sal be parsecutit vith faire and sworde to the moste extremite. This 
artekille being vaislie set furht, I treste swrlie it sal cawse the moste parte off 
Scotlande to fawore the Kingis openion, he parforming this sam in dede, and to 
put him to na coste nor chargis : for ze heif beine to crowelle als veille apon zour 
freindis as ennemis, in sa fare that the hole pepille belevis that and ze be maisters 
ther is no thing bot detht to thaim alle, man, veymen, and chaylde. Therfor ther 
moste be comfort agane to bring ther hartis towart zow, in howpe otf gentille 
handeling tille tho that ville assent to zour openions, and to gar yaim onderstand 
yat it is ane common veille, and no particuler mater off zours. Veisdome, mixte 
vith forse, ville helpe miche in gret aftares. 

Tentlie, I am sore sklanderit for my spayking vith zow, bothe vith the Queyne 
and Guvernour; nocht the lese ville the Kingis mageste handille thir maters 
vaislie, his hienes sal heif my service, God nocht otlVndit, my powre honeste sawit, 
and that it may stand vith the veltht off bothe the realmis, and the saifte off Cristen 
pepille, and ([uayetnes off this sam ; quiche I pray God send his grece amangis wss. 


Leyntlie, I dissayre zow hartlie to remember my powre freindis, and be gud 
one to thaim, quiche sal geif me occasion to serve vitli the better hart ; for trewlie 
I and my friendis hes hade more hurht be Ingland nor ony man vithin the realme 
of Scotland, I never offending to liis mageste, as I take God to my record. 

12. I dissayre zow hartilie to remember to vrayt one to the Kingis hienes, 
yat ze mycht heif ane letter dereckit one to me Lorde zour fader, and zow, 
char[g]ing this sam to gar delayver one to me my copebairde off plate, quiche his 
hienes geif me in ravard, quhone I vas imbassador laste at Loundon ; with letters, 
payment, mony, and alle uder stuffe, that I sal sufficientlie prove mayne. It is to 
smalle affecke, and his hienes ville nocht regarde the laytille profit off it, and it is 
no gudnes that siche ane lowde fallo, that hes marit my ostes, sowld heif my guddis, 
that he hes no rycht nor taytille to. I wald that ze sowld nocht make me Lord 
zour fader preve to this, quhil that the Kingis vrayting com to zow. I heif 
vraytting no thing in my vrayting to the King twiching this sober afare, bot 
refaris it to zour veisdome, dissayring zow to do in this and alle maters that langis 
to me, as it vere zour awne, and I sal do no lese to zow. 

137. Sir George Douglas to King Henry the Eighth, deprecating his 
Majesty's displeasure. Edinburgh, 15th February [1545].^ 

Plesit zour moste grasius hienes, that I heif spoking with zour servitur Schir Eaiffe 
Euerie, Varden of the Middille ]Marchis, quhome to I heif declarit the affers off thir 
partis now presentlie. I durst nocht be so bauld as to \'rayt one to zour mageste, 
for I vos informit that ze vore so displesit at my sempilnes, I being innoscent off 
ony cryme towart zour hienes, bot ever heifing in my rememberense the grete 
nobelite, honur, and gentilnes schouit be so rayelle ane prence to so poure ane 
man, I nocht being vourde to rasave this same, bot geifing thankis to God, praying 
for grece to abille me to do service that my gud ville mycht be schouit and exceppit 
vith zour hienes. The cawse off my vrayting at this present vas, yat Schir Eaiffe 
Ewere said one to me, that hie trestit that zour mageste vas nocht so miscontentit 
vith me as I vos informit : that made me to be so bauld to dessayre most humblelie 
that I mycht knaue zour plesur ; and quhat service zour hienes ville command me 
vith, quiche sal ever be redde to the plessur olf God, zour moste honerable conten- 
tasion, and velcht and quayetnes of bothe the realmis. And that I may knaw zour 
moste grasius plesur in vrayting, quiche vil nocht be ane laytille to my comfort. 
^ Original in Tublie Heconl Office, London. 


As knawis the blisset Lord, quho presarve zour moste rayelle mageste. Vritting 
at Ediiibruchg, the 1 5 off Fabruarie, 

Be zowr grases vryt most lawle serves, 

George Dowgles. 
To the rycht hie, excellent, and mychte prence, the Kingis mageste off 

138. The Same to The Same. Affairs in Scotland. Lauder, 25th 
February [1545].^ 

Plesit zour raoste grasius hienes, that I rasavit zour letter at Lawdor the 24 off 
Febi-uer, datit at Vostemaster the 1 9 off the sam, quiche makis mension off the 
rasette off' my letter vith carten communecation that vas betuix Schir Raife Ewerie 
and me, and that I sowld heif confessit yat I feird zour magestes displesur towart 
me. I vas so informit, and is veray glade to heif zour moste grasius fawor ; [for] I 
never dissarvit tille heif no displesur, bot bade extremelye at zour magestes 
opinion, one to siche tyme that I vos put in the castelle off Edinbruchg in preysone, 
and ther kaypit long, and hade losit my layfe, if God hade nocht provaydit zour 
gracis arme to cum in Scotland ; and in the present tjane off my proysonment, 
zour magestis subjettis brownt and distroyit and tuke avaye alle my guddis, and 
alle my freindis guddis and servandis that longit to me. I hade ane thowsant lib. 
vorst off hurt more nor ony Scottis man vithin Scotland, notvithstanding my trew 
servis towart zour mageste, quiche, I take God to my recorde, that being advartiste 
off zour magestis hie displesur contrare me, and off my gret hurtis that I heiff 
taking be zour subjettis, I vos constrenit off forse for to take sikane layfe in Scot- 
land as I mycht heif Therfor I trest, if zour grece had knawing the trucht, ze 
vald not alage no falis in me, quiche sal be sore to committe ony, bot ahvayis to 
remember zour gudnes and to make siche cawse as ane powre man may to sikane 
nobille Prence off honur. 

And quhare zour magestis plesour is to vrayt that the Scottis is informit that 
ze sowld stande extreme one to tham, if ze vare maister off this ralme, and yat ze 
vald make the gentillemen no better nor schepherdis, I declarit siche vourdis to 
Schir Rauffe Ewere, for I heire the reporte acordenlie : and, bi resson off the 
extreme vare that is usit off killing veymen and zung childering and Scottis prey- 
soners that cummis furht frome Ingland, heris reporting off gentille men, saying 
that zour mageste ville heif ane plane conciueisse off this realme, and that ze ville 
" Original in Public Keconl Office, Loudon. 

keille man, veyman, and chaylJring. This broyt puttis ane gret fere in tlie 
pepillis hartis, and turnis ther hartis clerelie frome zow : vith gentille handeling 
and gud vourdis, ville turne tlie fawur off the pepille, quiche may be ane gret 
helpe to zour magestes aifares. And farder, quhare zour magestes plesour is to 
vrayt that the QuejTie and Guverner and nobillis otf this realme makis swtte for 
the intreting otf the manage betuix the Prencis grace zour magestis darrest sonne 
and the Queynis grece our swveren hidye, and to heif peax and quayetnes betuix 
thir two rahnis ; at my histe comnioning vith Sir Eaift'e Ewerie, hie schowe one 
to me that zour mageste vald nocht be contentit to trete apon ther maters, bot if 
ze hade the Scottis prysoners ferst enterit, and therefter imbassadurs sowld heif 
ane pasporte to cum to Darneton to zour magestis leutenent, and ther to schowe 
ther commissiounis and artickillis to my saide Lorde. Thir maters I movit to 
the Guverner and Lordis. The Queyne vas departit frome Edinbruchg to 
Sterling or my returning ; and I fand the Guverner and Lordis nocht at the 
entering oflf the proysoners, nor at the schowing off the imbassadors commission, 
nor artickillis to zour magestes leuctenent, and be the resson heiroff yt procedit 
no farder in thir maters on to the tyme that I [know] zour moste gracius plesour ; 
bot now according to zour maynde I sal move thir maters as it comme oft' my 
selfe one to the Queyne, Guverner, and Lordis. Bot I may nocht send zour 
grace so haste ane ansur as ze dissayre, for thir cawsis; the Queyne is in to 
Sterling, the Guverner is in Lawder, vithin 10 meille off Gedbruchg, and the 
Lordis the moste parte off tham ar at home in ther awne contrays. Never thelese 
I sal labour als deligentlie as it sal be to me possible, tille knawe ther parfayt 
maynd in thay behalvis, and therefter sal not falle to geif zour mageste swre 
advartisment vithowte ony drayving off tayme off deleyis, for I ville nocht falle 
to do my uter power in the setting fordvart off thir gud varkis, quiche I treste, 
be the plesour off God, the sawing off Crissting blude oneschade, and velhte off 
bothe the ralmis : I sal praye for gi-ece that this purpos my cum to ane gud par- 
fection. I sal, als schortlie as I may, heif parfayt knawlage to advartis zour 
mageste, and sal be glade to set fordvart the uneing off thir two ralmis, to the 
plesur of God, reasonable satisfaction off zour mageste, to the beste of my laytille 
power. As knawis God, quho presarve zour hienes. At Lawder, the 25 off 

Be zowr grascis wyt serwis, ^. ^ 

° •' George DowGLAs. 

To the rycht hie excelland and mychte prence the Kingis mageste off 


139. Sir George Douglas to Sir Ralph Eure, as to restoration of his 
personal property. 25 th February [1545].^ 

Efter my hartlie comendasions, I rasavit the Kyngis vrayting vith anc vJer otf 
yours at Dalkyth, the xxiiij of Februer, the Guvernour vas departing towart 
Lawder at the present, and ze requajTe me to make deligense to send aue ansur 
one to the Kingis mageste. I heif send ane letter one to his grace, quhiche I 
dowtft nocht hot ze ville gare go schortlie ; bot tuiching the affecke off the mater 
that his hienes vraytis for, it is nocht possible to me to gar him knawe it parfaytlie 
so sowTie, bot as I may possible vithoute ony delayis or drayving off tyme, I sail do 
my fwlle power in thay behahis, and sal be als glade that it may cum to aue gud 
afft'cke as ony man leving sal be. I haif vritting no thing to the Kingis mageste 
tuiching my plate and vdre gere being in Berruik, bot I dissayre zow hartlie that 
ze ville vrayt one to his hienes, making mension that I heif movit one to zow to 
be ane swtur for me that I may heif my gere restorit to me that I sail suthcientlie 
prove that is mayne. I treste his grace ville nocht refuse this my ressonable 
requeist, and that ze may heif ane comandemand to gar delayver it vith the nixte 
poste that cumis one to zow, and quhat plesr I may do for zow sal be redde one the 
awld maner, as knawis God, quho presarve yow. At Lawder, the xxv off Februer. 

Your lowfEng frend, 


To the rycht honorable mee Lord Varden off the Middille Marches off 
England aforenense Scotland, etc. 

140. The Earl of Angus and Sir George Douglas to the Earl of 
Cassillis. Memorandum by the latter's servant. [March 1545.]- 

This is the credit fra my Lord of Angwse, George Dowglase, and ye 
Siref of Ar, to be declarit to my maister. 

In the ferst, qwhar I reqwerit in my maisteris naim, conforme to his derection, 
geif that the said Erll and George wald labowr to solest the nobellite of Scotland 
to mak swit to the Kingis mageste for ane peax, and that the mariage of wr sowreu 
liule and my lord prence myclit tak effec, and that swerte mycht be fwnd to ye 
Kengis grace for perfwrmance of the samin, they declarit boiht to me that they 
' Original in Public Record Office, London. ^ /j;</ 

schwld do na lese nor is in ther poweris tlierto, or one wder thing that they may 
do to the Kengis magesty, that war nocht contrer the wel of the rcalme of Scotland, 
and said they war werrey glaid that be my maistres wryttingis they persewit the 
Kengis grace dessyrit na conqwest nor destrwtion of that contre, and in one wder 
thing they thocht them selfis adettit to do the Kengis magesty the pleswr and 
serwice that they mycht, and wald do the samin at the wtermast of ther poweris. 

Secwndly, I inqwerit the Siref of Acr in the samin maner, and qwhat he 
belewit my Lord of Argyilis mynd wase in the affairris foirsaid ; and he said in 
that mater he Avakl do no lese nor wase in his power, bayth for the Kengis gi'acis 
pleswr and his dewty to my Lord my maister, and said the Erll of Argyll wald be 
at this nixt conwention in Edinbrwgh, and he belewit fermly that he swld be of 
good mynd in fwrdering of the peax and mariage. 

Thredly, they al consalit my Lord to speid him to the said conwention with al 
deligens, for they beleif in God that thingis schwld be laborit for the part of Scot- 
land to ane ressonabel pwrpois at the said conwention, qwhar they wald common 
at lyncht with my Lord in the saidis afferis. 

14L The Earls of Angus, etc., to the Earl of Hertford, advising as 
to the proposed invasion of Scotland. Melrose, 16th August [1545].^ 

Right woorshipfull, after most hartly commcndatiouu. Ye shall understand that 
we have commoned togither, and is determyned all in oone of unyon to serve the 
Kynges majeste at th'uttermost of our povrers in the setting forwardes of the peax 
and mariage, whiche we knowe surelie staudes with the pleasure of God, the Kynges 
majestes contentacioun, the common weale and quyetnes of bothe realmes. 
Therfore we thinke for our opinion (if it standes with the Kinges majesties 
pleasure) that his grace shulde hastelie prepare his substancious armyes in this 
t}Tne of harvest, bothe at th'est and west bordres, provided to remayne a good 
tyme ; for, withoute long remaynyng, there can no highe purpose be made to 
the Kinges majestes pleasure. Therfore looke well on that poynte ; and when 
the Kynges armyes cunimes in this realrne, ye must set forwardes your proclama- 
cions, declaring howe that your purpose is not to hurte this realme, nor no subject 
that is in it, that will assist to the sure perfourmyng of the peax and marriage. 
And, if any noble man please to common with you on the causes aforsaide, ye 
shall make them sure to their owne reasonable contentation. Further, if the Kynges 
majeste fyndes this opinion of ours good, it will please his grace to send full 
^ Original in Public Ui-cord Office, London. 


power with his lieutenaunt to th'effect that we may knowe his highnes speciall 
good mynde to us, and he our service to the causes aforsaide. For we are sure 
(if the Kinges majeste stand not good prince to us) it wyll retourne to our greate 
daramage. If the K}Tige3 armyes cummes forwardes, it may please his grace 
to cause them folowe parte of our counseills, whiche shalbe (wyll God) to the 
Kynges majestes honour and pleasure. Further, as to this last journey of ours, 
it was devised by the Queue, Cardinall, and this Frenche capitayne Lorge ^lan- 
gummarry. Huntley fortefyed this armye at his power, notwithstonding (at 
shorte) all that they devised was stopped by us, that are the Kynges freendes. 
Their hole intent was to have besieged the Kynges howses, unto the tyme they 
had gotten bargayn, but all was stopped, Avherof they stoode nothing content. 
This capitain Lorge will not remayne on our bordres ; wherfore the people 
thinkes it a sure argument that he is not comnie into this countrey for our weales, 
but onelie to put forwardes the pleasure of Fraunce, and to cause us make battfll 
togithers. We praye you make us the most hastie aunswer that possible maye be 
had, so as we maye knowe the Kynges majestes mynde in all thies affayres ; and 
that we maye be in a readines conforme to his majestes pleasure, we doubte not 
but yow wooll make us hastie aunswer. And thus we praye God ye fare well. 
Of Melrose, the 16^*^ of August, by th'Erles of Angus, ^larshall, George Dowglas, 
and Cassillis. 

142. The Same to The Same, desiring precise information as to advance 
of English army. Irvine, 9th September [1545].^ [Deciphered copy,] 

My Lord. Efter most harty comendation. AYe hawe sein yowr letters dated 
the ferd dey of this monetht at Newcastel, dessyirand ws to be in redines at the 
cwming of the Kingis majestes arme, not adwertessing ws whon, what partis, 
in what sort, or what nw^mber they sal cum, that we may order ws therefter. 
Cousedering the Kingis majestes frenddis ar far in sendre pertis, and must do 
efter as the pertis ar that the armeis cummis ferst onto, therfur, geif ze think that 
we sal serwe as the Kingis majestes frendis, as we intend to do, ze man gar ws 
knaw tiie maner of yowr procedings, and uis ws as frendis, for ther is none that 
serwis the Kingis majeste that wil haif sa gret liarme and despleswr as we, and 
the Kingis majestes pwrpois cwm not to effect. Herfor we dowt not bot the 
Kingis majesty wil prowyid al things sa swbstantiwsiy, that be apeiiance the 

^ Original in Public Record Office, Loudon. 

Kingis raajestes pwrpois mey tak effec, for his honowr, and the rather for wr cawsis, 
that on force must love this contre, and "sve assest to the Kingis majestes armis, 
and they be not suffitiently prowydit to remain to recower strenthis and howsis 
of them that be contrare the Kingis majeste purposes, sa that ze and we may haif 
suche garrisons in wenter prowydit be the Kingis majeste, as may" defend ws, 
and persew wr enemeis, when the armeis must reteir, whilk was ewer the principal 
poynte we wryt to the Kingis majeste, for bwt long taryeing and gret chargis, 
sa gret a matir as to uny thir two realmes, that hathe bein defferent, kan not be 
perfectit. Preyand God, we mey se the same. Therfor hast ws knawlege of yowr 
cwming, and of yowr remayning in cais ze get not battel, that we may send yow our 
adwps, becaws we sculd haif more experience than they of yowr contre, howe ze 
sal best annoy your ennemeis, and pleis yowr frendis. Not dowting bot yowr 
lordschip Avil remember ane commession as we wer at his majeste to apoynt with 
al his frendis in this realme, as we wrote afoir, and remember your proclamasions 
at yowr cwming. And thus fare yowr lordschip hartly weil. At Irwen, this 
nynt daye of September, be the Erllis of Angus, Cassilis, and George Dowglas. 

To the Lord Lieutenant. 

143. Sir George Douglas to the Earl of Hertford, asking favour for 
bis own friends. Tantallon, 20th September 1545.^ 

ElTYR most humyle comendationes of service to zour gude lordschip. I hef hard 
of the trublis ze hef done in Tividaile and Merse, and apperandly lykly till do moir, 
desiring zour gude lordschip to be gude and favorable to my kynnys folkis and 
servantis ye Lairdis of Wedderburn, Blaketer, and "West Nesbet, and to my landis 
of Coldinghame and Bonkill, for the auld acquentance and familiarite I hef hed 
with zour lordschip, traisting ze will grant me this resonable my request for sic 
lieffull service, as sail be reddy to zou at all tymes ; as knawis God, quho hef zou 
in his keping. At Temtalloun, the 20 day of September 1545. 

Be zour Lordschip's, wyt leffaul serves, 

George Dowglas. 

To my Lord Erie of Harfurd, Lieutennand to the Kingis majestie of 
Inglond, etc. 

^ Original in Public Record Office, London. 


144. The Same to The Same. Proposed routes to be taken by the English 
army. [September 1545.]^ 

Thus ys myne opinioun apperandly to bring the Kingis majeste to his purpose. 

In the first, that thair be two armeis to cum in Scottland, ane at the west partis, 
the other at the est partes ; thair vittales to cum up the Firtli be schippes, and gif 
it wilbe thocht that thair is danger to thir schippes be ressoun of the hiug nichtis, 
thair is alse gude rodes for all maner of wyudis as is in Cristianite, and thairfor 
thai may be suyr of thair vittales at all tymes conveniently ; for the ane army 
sail cum from Berwyk langis the se syd to Edinburgh, the other land at Dum- 
bertane, and meit at Striveling, bayth the saidis anueis; bot thai most be providit 
till remane in this cuntreth quhill thai wyne the strong hold is, and thaireftir to 
put garnesones in the samyn : that being done, with other discreit handling of 
the noble men, wyth gentill proclamationes to be maid, will upteyne the hartis of 
the pepill, quhilk will be ane gryte avantagis to the Kingis majestyes effares in 
thir partes. 

Secmidly, it wold be done this zeir, or thai had support furth of France or otlier 
cuntreis, and the soner that the King raycht be providit, he sail with the moir 
eise cum to his purpose ; and gude it wer the Erie of Lennox come in at the 
west partes wyth that army, for he will fynd mony fovorares in thai partes ; that 
cuntre luffis him, and hese liaitrent to the Governour, and Cardinall ; and that 
will mak the Kingis majesteis etfaris till go the better ford wart. 

Thirdly, ze man advertes me wyth ane full power of the Kingis majesteis that 
how mony noble men and gentill men, that will assist to the peax and contraik of 
mariagis, salbe onhurt in thair bodeis. landis, or gudis, and that thai salbe rewardit 
eftir thair gude service, for thai man be weill entrettit that makis gude cause, 
and scharply put at, that is in the contrar : thair is noble men that lyis in fer 
partes, that I trai^t sail be parsuadit to this effect : thai ly in diverse partis uf 
the realme, and thairfor we most hef knawlege of the Kingis purpose, befor the 
tyme of cumniyng of the tuay armeis. The Kingis majestie most gif ws traist, 
gif he will we serve him ; we most nedis knaw of befor for serving of the Kingis 
majesty according to our honouris. I desyr zow to hef pardoun of my homely 
writting, for, gif ze will use counsaile, ze sail the rather cum to zour purpose. 

Fordly, ze hef beyne scharpe at this tyme to gentill men that wald hef done 
service to the Kingis etiares, and ze hef sparit the Kingis innemeis ; ze may ken 
1 Original in Public lleconl Office, London. 


the freindis from the innemeise ; and ze suld nocht hef beyn angre at this tyme 
with no man that wold hef beyn zour freindis ; for gif ze had maid ws of 
counsall, and than thairefter thai had faltit, ze mycht hef douen zour pleseour to 
thame ; ze man nocht be so scharp to zour favoraris, gif ze will hef the service of 
thame that standis of gude mynd towart the Kingis majesteis efFaris. 

Fyftly, wyse men suld use thair freindis gentilly to gif occasioun to thame to 
serve weill, and that olheris suld follow the samyn tred ; for all thingis may not be 
douen be forse, bot mixt wyth wisdome. The Kingis jNIajeste will never recover 
this contreth wyth fyir and suerd, bot with gentill handling of his freindis, quhilk 
I traist micht be done wyth no unreasonable chargeis. And I tak unto my record 
Almychting God, how my mynd hes beyne to the unioun of thir tuay realmes, and 
saving of Cristin blude unsched ; and, gif it be zour plessour, that I may knaw 
zour mynd in writtiug wyth this berar, quho is traist eneuch. 

Sextly, I will desyr no thankis for the gudewill and service I hef done at this 
tyme, bot, gif it wer knawin to zou perfytly, ze wald say that I am worthy garamercy ; 
for as I ame trew gentill man, I stoppit the haill purpose of thaim that wes in zour 
contrar, quhilk I efteir sail be schortly to my displeseour. Thairfor I desyr zou till 
advertyss me surely, quhat the Kingis part sail be towart me and the rest of his 
freindis heir, gif we be trublit for his cause ; for we can hef alse greit favour in this 
cuntreth, as ony men of the haile realme, we declaring ws extreme innemeis towart 
zow, quhilk sail never be in our defalt. 

145. Lord Grey to the Earl of Somerset, containing plan by Sir George 
Douglas for the invasion of Scotland. [20th October 1547.]' 

Th'order of an invasion into Scotland, devysed by Sir George Dowglas, to be 
attempted within a moneth after the date herof or vj weekes at the 

The nombres to be vj thousand men, wherof ij thousand fyve hundred able horse- 
men, the rest to be footemen on horsbak. 

Certayne artyllary, wherof the greatest pece not to exceade a demi culveryn. 

Victualles in cariages sufficient for iiij dayes for the hole nombres to serve in 
an extremytyes, and then to marche and harborow every nights in the townes 

Furst, I the Lord Grey, with iiij thousand men, to go to Jedworth, being xij 
^ Original in Public Record OflSce, London. 


myles, "which to^ne is able to receave and also vytayle us, and there to remayne 
oone nighte. Here he wold the Lordes ot" Fernherst and Sesforth, with the rest 
of the gentlemen of that part of Tyvydale, shuld be sent for, and proclamacion 
made, or commaimdement geven, that no maner of spoyle ne hurt be done by them 
or thers unto any of the Kinges majestes armye, but that every of them do 
endevour themselfes to tlier succour and ayde for th'advaunceraent of his highenes 
service, according to ther othe and promys made. 

The secounde journey to marche to .Selcreke and Hawewyke, being ij myles 
distant th'one from th'other, and from Jed worth x myles, which ij villages be in 
like maner able to receave and vyttayle us. Here the like commaundement to be 
geven to the Lord of Bowcloughe and the rest of the gentlemen of the Vrest 
Tyv}'dale and the Forest of Etryke. 

The third journey to marche to Peples, where the Lord Haye, Lord of Hester, 
syster's sonne to Duglas, and at this present prisoner here, is shiref of the shyre 
and principall of the towne, who is contented to submyt himselfe unto the Kinges 
majeste as others have don, and if your grace pleas to sutler liim to departe uppon 
pledges, he may the better make provision for our vitayles and lodginge there. 
In this place proclamacion to be made, and the refusers to comme in to be executed 
with the fyre and swerde. 

The iiij'^ journey to Lanryke, the chiefe towne in Cliddesdale, where the 
Governour is shiref. And the Lord Wardeyn of the "West Marches to mete me 
there with the rest of the nombres afforsaid, where he wold not that any of the 
Governours name or frendes shuld be receyved upon any condicion, nor yet any 
others nether, but upon pledges here he wold that th'erles of Anguishe, Castels, 
Glinkerne, and the Lord Boyde, which is the moost nombre of that part of Scot- 
land, shuld comme in whome he myndeth in the meane tyme to labour and perswade 
to comme in, and also advertise me of ther towardnes therin before my settings 
forwarde, doubtinge that nothinge shall be the let therof, but only the straytnes 
of that clause in th'articles wherof I have advertised your grace by my lettre. 
There is in this place ij castelles of the Governour, called Hambleton and Xethen, 
which Nethen, accompted to be the stronger of bothe, standings upon a sand and 
cole grounde, may be wonne as he thinketh. 

The \^^ journey to Glascoo, being xij myles, which is the boimdes and rowme 
of tli'erle of Lynneys, where is a castle of the Busshopps of Glascoo that must be 
wonne, and th'erle or somme other mete man left therin for the Kinges use ; but 
the countrey so favouring the said erle, he thinketh him moost mete. 


The vj**! journey to Starlinge, beinge xvilj rnyles. But if we cannot reach it 
that day, we must harborow in the vilhiges by the way, and the next day marche 
thider where is no doubt to enter the towne. Here he wold that in cace the 
Dowager of Scotland desyre assurance to remayne in the castle there with the 
Queene, that I shuld graunt the same. And then I to leave Starling and go to 
Lythcoo, where is a palais that he beleveth to wynne, and there must be left a 
guaryson, which, if it stand with your graces plesur, he thinketh there is Scottyshe- 
men that woll take in hand with the Kinges majestes furnyture to kepe it to his 
highenes use. 

And in cace the Dowager have assuraunce, then I to retourne to Edenbroughe 
homward, and perswade the Lordes to go to Starlinge and treat with her to be 
contented that the mariage may procede. And in cace she woll not therunto 
agree, the Lordes to remayne there in the towne, and kepe her within the castle 
unto the day of her iissurance shalbe expired. And then I to comme to Starling, 
where he doubteth not to wynne the castle in x dayes (if she be within) for defiiult 
of vittayles, and if she be tied, yet with the canon it mighte be Avonne also. And 
when she and the governour doth flye, it must of force be either to Dumbrittayne 
or Argyle. And if this device like not your grace, here foloweth another. 

I with my nombres to passe to Jed worth, and from thens to Mewrehous or 
Lawther, to Dakyth, Xeubottell, Mustlebroughe, and Leswade, and so to Eden- 
broughe. Th'erle of Lynneys and the Lord Wardeyn of the West ]\Larches to 
passe by Lanryke to Glascoo and burne the Governours countrey, and remayne there 
tyll they shall know furder from n)e or elles mete at Starling. And though we 
niysse the Queue, all the countrey shall be in feare and obedyence unto us from 
England to the ryver of Furthe. 

This is his opynyon to be the best way to wynne the Queue and also the 
countrey, and thinketh that if we shuld nut attempt somme exployt now, the Gover- 
nour shall or ever the spring bring the countrey to obedyence ugayne, and so growe 
strong to attempt somwhat against us, or at the least to overthrow those tliat are 
commen in to us in the favour of the Kinges majestes case. The rather for that 
he hath intelygens of veryte that there is comniynge out of Fraunce by the west 
seees fyfty thousand crownes, but they bruite it c thousand crownes, and therwith 
commeth also halfe a skore gentlemen to have the leadinge of the Scottishemen. 
And th'uttermoost day for the same to arryve there is St. ^Lartyus tyde. 

He thinketh it expedyent to lay a garnyson in the towne of Dunbarre, where 
inasmuch, as they have rec[uyred him to be a meanes unto me to receave them into 


proteccion, and that this day I have alredy receyved somme of them, it is easy 
ynoughe to lye notwithstanding the castle. And th'erle Boythewell conuaynge 
in to place another company at Herington and in other places in Lothean to 
the nomber of iiij thousand men, and then he saith the French King woll never 
send ayde of men. And for contentacion of th'erles of Lyuneys, Anguishe, Casselles, 
and Glinkerne, with the Lorde Boyde and the Shiref of Ayre, to th'advauucemeut 
of the Kinges majestes service, his opynyon is that th'erle of Lynneys shuld have 
v*^ men, and th'erles of Anguishe, Casselles, and Glinkerne, either of them j'^ men, 
and the Lord Boyde 1, and the Shiref of Ayre other 1. And afterward suppressing 
the busshopryches and abbayes to take away ther men, and in the lieu therof to 
geve th'erle of Lynneys the Busshoprich of Glascoo and every of th'other an abbay, 
wherwith they shall hold themselfes contented righte well and the Kinges majeste 
litle charged. 

The requestes of George Duglas for his owne parte. 

Furst, to have oone thousand pound sterling geven unto him within xv dayes 
to support himselfe, his frendes and strengthes, in deffence against th'auctoryte, and 
to have a yerly stypend of v*^ poundes sterling, to be payed at Barwyke or Xorham 
to him selfe or his servauntes. 

Second, that his frendes and servauntes be not opprest nor enwronged, and if 
they have any hurt in ther personnes or goodes, the same to be recompensed by 
the Kinges majeste or my Lord Protectour. 

Thirdly, that he may have his goodes, sylkes, money, plate, and apparell that 
he left in his hostes howse in Barwyke delyvered unto him in xv dayes. 

Fourthly, he wyssheth that it miglite stand with the Kinges majestes pleasur 
to geve him the kepinge of the fort at Ayniowthe, and that no man shall mtxlle 
^vith the lands of Coldingham but his servauntes in his name, and the Kinges 
majeste to deffend him in that and all other his possessions. 

Fyftly, that he may have recompence for his corne and goodes that he hath 
lost sins th'armyes commynge into Scotland. 

And if any of thise poyntes be broken with him, he to be at libertye, by the 
consent of the Kinges majeste and my Lord Protectour. And beinge performed, 
if he breake any parte of his promys, to be taken as a rebell. And if this devises 
seme not good unto your grace, to be put in use, as in my opynyon the tyme of the 
yeare woll not serve, what service elles your grace shall commaunde or apoint him 
to do, he shall moost willingly do it upon payne to be reputed as is afforsaid. 

Your grace, I doubt not, consiJereth that this man wolJ not be vvonne without 
money, and albeit he demandeth a thousand pound in hand, yet I doubt not but 
he will be sattisfyed with a thousand markes. And for his goodes in his hostes 
handes, your graces lettres of commaundement unto his host sl)all discharge the 
same, for the man is sufficyent ynoughe. And for the kepinge of Aymowth if by 
his service he seme not mete for the same, \ut is contented to take recompence. 
And for myu opynyon in tlie man, I assure your grace by all utter apparence 1 
cannot judge him but to meane faithfully, and assured I am by the reaport of 
spiall that I charged to attend upon him that he camme not to the Governour nor 
dare not comme in his daungeour, for if he could take him he shuld not comme 
at me any more. 

146. Lord Grey to George Douglas, chiding the hitter's inconsistency. 

Berwick, 17th January [1547].^ 

Maister Dowglas, I receyved your advertisement by your servaunte Sym Pen- 

hangoo this present day, and marveling to receyve tryvelinges from you, haveing 

loked for better declaracions, and ernestly working before tyme, as your selfe know, 

for your well and profitt, Xevertheles, as I am sory to fynd lykelyhood that you 

to whome I have byne frindly shuld so be enemy to your selfe, with overmanyfest 

declaracions of your untrothe and dishonour, so pray I you, if ye be of l>etter 

meanynge, that this your doinges gyve occacion to be thought of you, repayre your 

selfe to AVarkworth unto me, and directly declare your selfe as behoveth you to be, 

elso as I shalbe sory to have borne good will to so unconstant a man I will 

asmoche seake to hyndar as before I labored to further you. And thus spedely 

lett me have your full resolucion and mynding. And whereas you aske agayne 

your band for your frindes if they be bounde for them selfes, I assure you I shall 

not only blott that and all hope of your other promyses out of my boke, but also 

lerne to hate whome before I have loved (excepte ye declare your selfe an honest 

and trew gent). Thus far ye well, from Earwike, this xvij^"^ of January. 

Your neybour, ,,. , ^, 

•^ ' Will M Grey. 

147. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to the Earl of Lennox. 

Drumlanrig, 22d February 1547.'^ 

After my most tender commendationis unto zour lordshipe, pleis it the same to 

wit I have hard of zour cuming and my Lord Vardenis towart thir partis, quhair, 

' Original in Public Record Office, London. - Ihid. 


as I am informit be the Larde of Drumlangrik, that ze ar to cum apoue hira and 
apone my freindis ; quhaiifor I have vritin to my Lord Warden to be gud in that 
mater, as my vriting beris at moir lenthe, to the quhilk T beleive zour lordship 
wilbe prewe ; praying zour lordship that I may knaw zour gud mynd towart me 
and my frendis i:i this jurnay, nocht douting but ze will, as fader this berar -u-ill 
shew zou, quhomto ze shall gyf credence as to my selfe ; and God preserve zow. 
Vritin with hast, at Drumlangrik, this Weddinisday, the xxij of Februar 1547. 

Zour father, 
To my lord and sone, the Erie of Lennox. '^''' ^^^ ^^ Angus. 

148. The Saiie to Lord Wharton, giving adherence to agreement betwixt 
them. Drumlanrig, 2 2d February 1547.^ 

My Lordis, after my hartlie and lefull recommendation, I hawe resawit zour 
letter, dysyring me to performe in deid and set fordwart the godle purpois quhilk 
zour lordship hes vritin to me oft and dywers tymis of befor, quliairintill zour 
letter mensoonis that we ar aggreit in our vritingis and als credence of zouris, 
schawin to me be zour lordships servande, Thomas Carltoune, that ze dysyre to 
speik ^rith me to the performance of the samin. My Lordis, as to the per- 
formyng of the godle purpois, 1 traist the Kyngis majestes noble consell, my 
Lorde Protectouris graice, and zour lordship, will nocht put suche mistraist to 
me, bot think it ane sufficient performance quhair that I send my seill and hand 
wryt to the performyng of the samin, quhilk I never brak, nor never intendis to 
breik ; and as twysching our meting at this tyrae, I hawe schevin my mj-nd in 
that behalfe to zour servand, Thomas Carltone, quho will schewe zour lordship 
the samin at lenthe ; dysyring zour lordship to certifie me with this berar my 
servand in vriting, yf my freindis and servandis shalbe ontrublit be zow and 
zouris, onto suche tyme that zour lordship and I may hawe layser to commone, 
with adwysment of my freindis, quhilk shalbe in all gudle haist, g}-f it be zour 
plesour ; and God hawe zour lordshippis in keping. Vritin at Drumlangrik, this 
Weddinisday, at nycht, 1547. 

Be zouris lefulle, 

Ar^ Erl of Angus. 

To the rycht honorabill my Lorde Whartone. warden of the west morche of 

^ Original in Public Record OflBce, London. 


149, The Earl or Lennox and Lord Wiiarton to the Earl of Angus, 
as to their agreement about the peace and royal marriage. Lougher 
Brigs, 22d [February 1547].i [Old copy.] 

Right honorable, after hartye and lefuU commendacion unto your honorable 
lordshipe, we have receyvid your two severall lettres of this xxij, wherin your 
lordshipe wrytteth to have ben of giid mynd to set forwardis the peax and 
maryedge, ever sen it was promysed, at zour lordships uttermost pouer, and saill 
contynew in the same, as your lettres declarethe, and have also hard the credence 
of the Lard a BoneJedworthe and James Lyndsaye to lyke effectis, and 
trustis that we woll jeve none othere occaseon, advertysing zour loz'dshipe for 
anssuer the same whiche ye wryt and seudis by credence is that whiche we 
cheitty desyere, and, your lordshipe performyng the same, shall joyne with yow 
therin as apperteynethe, and otherwysse it shall appere to the Kyng his majeste, 
my Lorde Protectour his grace, my lordis of his highnes most honorable Counsaill, 
and to all the world, that we shall yeve none occaseon, but shalbe frendly with all 
thos that shalbe favorers, ayders, and assysters of the godlye maryedge and peaxe, 
and to our pouris aga}'nste all thos that resystis the same. We beleve, nowe that 
your lordshipe and we so ner to gethers and agreing in lettres, woll put the same 
in good execusion, to your honorable fame and Godis pleasure, who preserve 
zour lordshipe. Att Lougher Brygis, this Wedynsday, the xxij of January [for 

Your son, 

Mathew, Erle of Lynox, 

Your lordshipis lefully, 

f . \V. 

To the rycht honorable th'erle of Angwyshe. 

150. Lord Grey to Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, intimating the 
intended destruction of certain places to annoy the French, [-ith June 
1548].2 [Old copy.] 

My verye good Lorde, for the opynion I have ever conceived of you, and for your 
good disposicione declared of late, I cannot but counte your lordshipe as a frinde 

^ Original in Public Record OfiRce, London. 2 /j;j 


to the Kinges majestie, and therfore mynJing tliis nighte to do an entreprise to 
destruction of some places, as miglite relief tlie Frenshmen at their commyng, 
I thoughte good t'advertise your lordshipe of the same, to th'entent you should not 
be moved therewith, but consider well that in anoyeng th'enemye and to pluck from 
theym that maie stande theym in stede men sometyme are compelled to towcli 
their frendes, and sometimes to wast their owen possessions ; and therfore if eny 
of yours shall)e touched in thiese aftaires, ye must take it to be done of necessitie 
and not otherwise, but bothe you and yours shalbe spared somoche as I maie con- 
venientlie, and in that either you or yours nowe shalbe doraaged, I promise you 
sufficient recompence yf ye stonde frendlye in the godly purpose, like as I trust ye 

151. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to his daughter, Margaret, 
Countess of Lennox, announcing the destruction of Dalkeith House. 
Edinburgh, 20th June 1.5 4 8.^ 

Derrest dochter, after my maist tender commendacionis and hertly blissing. 
This salbe to advertise zou that throw mischance and under traist, as I beleve, the 
hous of Dalkeith was distroyit, and takein furth of it oure cousing the Larde of 
Glenbervy, the 2*Iaister of Mortoime, George my sone, David Home of Wedderburne. 
and Alexander Home his eme, praying zou, with avise of zour housband, to se gif 
£e can get thame or part of them put in freudis handis, and gentilly tretit tliare. 
And specialy the Larde of Glenbervy, that is aue seikly tender mann and has ix 
motherles barnis, and lat George ly in plegge for him, as zour wysdom thinkis best. 
And mak my hertly commendacionis to my lord zour housband, and geve credence 
to this berar my servitour, David Stewart, as to my selfF, and God preserve you. 
Writtin at Edinburgh, the xx*^ day of June 1548. 

Zour flFather. 

Ar° Erl of Angus. 
To my derrest doucther the Countess of Leuenax. 

^ Original in Public KecorJ Office, LoucIod. 


152, Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to ^Iathew, Earl of Lennox, his 
son-in-law, expressing affection. 23(1 February 1549.^ 

Th'erle of Anguss talkes and message sent to nie tli'erle of Leuenax, witbt 
my servant, William Pateisone, the xxiii day of Fabruuarij 1549. 

William Patersone, Scottisman, being at Dowglas for a cast of halkes promist 
to me th'erle of Leuenax by James Lyndsaye, falconar and servant to th'erle of 
Anguss, the said erle hering of Patersonis being there, appoyntyd, in the dawing 
of the day nixt following, to mete him without the castell, uppoun the grene, 
where th'erle of Anguss, as he sayetht, kyndlie askyd "whow my Lorde of Leuenax 
his sone dyd, and his doichtare and there yonge sone, for he wolde be glaid to here 
[of there]-good weilfare. He inquyryd what my lorde his sone thought [of hym]self, 
and what he intendyd to doo. Ys there noo sekrete thing th'erle haitht byddin 
the schew to me. Patersone ansueryd, his lordishipp [confijdit me no thinges in 
speciall at this tyme, but to bring his h[alke3], and yf I saw zour lordishipp, to 
commend him to his father th'erle of Anguss, and wolde be glaid he wor in good 
health and moore kjTid [to] him nor he haitht bene in tymes past. Th'erle of 
Anguss said. Well, seing he haitht send no thing elles to me, I will brek a litill 
of my mynde to the, for I trust the well eneucht, and haitht gevin the servnttis 
of my landes charge to rcssave the at all tymes. 

Thow shall declare my doichtare this thing in the worlde [that] I luve best, 
and my lorde hir husband, and that yonge boye there [sone], for my chyldren ar 
deid that thou saw, and yf thei be at heven, well than I am in comforte ; and yet 
I am als strange to there doy[nges] and procedinges. or whow thei intend to pas 
over the worlde, as ony innyme thei have ; nor I can not se them, nor thei me, 
whiche brekes my hart. Trowis thow tliat I wolde se ony man aboufe but that man 
and that boye, whiche ys my bloode ; and he haitht bene of a nobble house, and I 
have sene him lyke a man, and will he do my counsale, I shall ware these ould 
bones of myne but I shall mak him a man yet. The worlde is veery strange ; I 
have sene mony thenges. Yt haitht bene said in oulde tymes that a Erie of 
Leuenax and Anguss could have rulyd sum thing upoun this syde Foitht. Schew 
my sone there ys a gTeate man to cum furtht of Franche this yere, [to] tak the 
rule and autorite of the realme uppoun him. Yt is suspe[ctit] he wilbe strait to 
greate men heire, and we will abhorre . . . Franche lawes, and thei be scharpe ; 
^ Ori^nnal in British Museum, London. ^ The original paper is burnt at the edges. 


and yt is towlde me . . . cousing the Lorde Graye shalbe put at fyrst. There- 
fore [dejssyre my sone to gett leve, and my doichtare to cum dowyn to Carlisle, 
that I may se hir or I de, and that I may knaw his mynde. And his waye be better 
nor myne, I will use his counsale, and yf myne be better nor his, yt is naturall for 
him to tak yt, for I will gif him advise in no thing but that whiche shalbe for 
the well of boitht the realmes, and shall not be for the hurt of ony thing he 
broukis in that realme. What care I all the rest of the worlde yf thei be in 
honour 1 Thow may tell him there was bands betuyx us atfore this, but now 
there is greater bandis of flesh and bloode ; and where he haitlit alwayes put a 
dowbt in George my brother, schew him noder he nor Drumlangrig shall go ony 
waye or doo ony thing but as I will. And thus, I pray the, mark well my 
wordes, and bring me anssuer agane, and he shall knaw more at our meting. 

153. Margaret, Countess oi' Lennox, to her Father, Archibald, sixth 
Earl of Angus, complaining of his treatment of her. Castle Wressil. 
15th March [1550].i 
My Lorde, after my humble commendacions and desiring of your blessing, this 
shalbe to signeffye unto you the gret unnaturalnes wiche ye showe me daylye, 
being to longe to reherse in all poyntes, butt in some I wyll declare nowe laste of 
all, my Lorde, being nere you, and so desirows to have spoken with you, yet ye 
refused it and wolde not, where in ye showed your selfe not to be so loving as ye 
ought to be, or elles so unstable that every body maye turne you, for d}"verse 
tymes ye have said you wolde be glad to speyke with your sonne my lorde. 
Remember he bathe maryd your owne doughter, and the best chylde to you that 
ever ye had, if ye call to remembrance j'our being here in Englande. How be hit, 
your dedys showethe the forgetfulnes thereof, in so myche as ye ar so contrary 
to the Kynges majesties affayres, that nowe ys, hys father being so goode and so 
lyberall a prynce to you, wyche ought ney\'er to be forgotton ; butt nowe, my 
lorde, I here saye that ye have profest ne}^er to agi-e with Englande, for so myche 
as the parte of your frendes are slapie. Butt whome can you blame for 
that butt only youre selfewylles, for if ye wolde agre to this godly maryage, there 
nedyd no Crj'sten blode to be shed. For Godes sake remember your selfe nowe 
in your olde age, and seke to have an honorable pease, wiche can not be withowte 
this marj'age. And what a memoryall shulde that be to you for ever, if ye colde 
1 Oridnal in Public Record Office, London. 

be an instrument for that. If I should '\vr}'te so longe a letter as I colde fynde 
matter M-ith the wrong of your part and the right of myne. hit were to tedyowse 
for you to rede ; butt for as myche as I purpose, God wylling, to comme to 
Carlyll shortly after Ester, I wyll kepe it in store to tell you my selfe, for I am 
sure ye wyll nott refuse commyng to me, all thow my uncle George and the Laide 
of Dromlaneryk speyke agaynst it, whome I knowe wolde be glad to se you in 
your grave, all thowe they flatter you to your face. My uncle George hathe seid, 
as dyverse Skottesmen have tolde me, that thowe you had sones he wolde be 
eyre, and make them all bastardis ; butt, my Lorde, if God sende you no moo 
sons, and I lyff'e after you, he shall have leste parte thereof, or elles many a man 
shall smarte for it. This leyvinge to declare forther of my mynde tell I maye 
speyke with you my selfe, I commytte you to the kepinge off All myghty God. 
whoo sende you longe liffe withe myche honour. Frome the Kynges magestyes 
castell of "Wreyssell, the xv*** daye of Marche, 

Be your humble dough ter, 

Margrett Lennox. 

15-i. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to Kichard Graham of Berentj-ne, 
as to proclamation against the Earl's vassals. Crawfurd Castle, 16th 
November [1553].^ 

CousiNG Richard, efter my commendatiounis, this is the thing yow cause me to 
Avryt. I have gotten na werd of the erandis I directit with zow agane ; thairof 
I have na lytill marwell. Ze sail wit that I com to my castell of Craufurd this 
\\'eddansday, the xv day of November, for cawsis dressing amangis my awin 
folkis, and it schawin me be dywers men that wes in Carlill on Setterday, tliat 
hirde it proclannt, sikelyke as this berar hirde and will schaw zow, that it is 
crying fre to all men to ryd apon thir my servaundis following, the Lard of 
Skyrling, the Lard of Boneuitoun, the Lard of Cowinstoun, the Lard of Car- 
mychell, the Lard of Le, the Lard of Glaskeun, and the Lard of Jareswode, the 
toun of Lanark, with mony uyderis dywers my servaundis, quhilkis is to lang to 
WT}% and that na thing is left on proclamyt fre bot my awin proper heretage ; 
and g}f this be of trewthe, [that] zow adverteis me with deligence, for gyf I want 
ane boy of myn on assurit I ^vill hawe na assurance to my heretage, bot will.te at 
my awantage. I will talc na schame [nowe in my] aid dayis, for I hawe skaithe 
^ Origiual in Public Eecord Office, London. 


.anewche ellis, for Cowinstoim and Carmychell is in Car[l]ill, with the Capitan of 
CrawfurJe, at the making of this bill. Gyf this be of trewthe, adverteis thame 
in lykwyse, that thai may cum hame ; and this ze do with deligence, as my traist 
is in zow, and fare ze weill. Of my castell of Crawfurd, this Furisday, xvj day 

'>^^^^'^^^^'-' Ar- ErL OF ANGUS. 

155. James Douglas, Earl of Morton, to Archibald, eighth E.vjil of 
Angus, as to delivery of custody of the Castle of Edinburgh. Dalkeith, 
19th March 157 7. ^ 

My Lord and Sone, after my herty commendatioune. This trouble that fell 
betuix the castell and toun of Edinburgh is knawin now to haue procedit 
without ony malice on ayther syde, bot be sum young dealing of thame of the 
toun that kepit the West Port. Twa honest men of the toun wes heir with me, 
directit fra the rest, quha declares that we had ua malice at thame, nor yit they 
at ws, and thairfore lamentis the vnhappynes of the deid, as we do, and promisit 
to me that they wald send twa to the King, to declare the same to his majestie 
and the Counsale thair, swa that na gude purpois betuix the Kingis hienes and 
me suld stay for that cause ; and I vnderstaud that Mr. Michaell Chesholme and 
Johnne Johnnstoun, brother to the Laird of Elphinstoun, is directit west to the 
same effect. I will desire yow to tak the paines and learne quhat they have done, 
and how the samyn wes taken, and aduertise me agane the maner thairof. 

The last tyme my Lord Chancellair Euthveu and Hereis wer heir, we wer 
in comraoning vpoun instructiones they brocht from the Kingis majestie and 
Counsale, and in a maner aggreit concerning the deliuery of the castell. for I was 
content to deliuer the Castell to the Kingis majestie, or quhom he suld appoint to 
ressaue the same, his hienes and his counsale gevand vnto me a sufficient dis- 
charge of the jowellis, movables, and mvnitioun being within the said castell, for 
my warrand. Certane articles vpoun this mater I haue returnit with thame, 
subscriuit with my hand, quliairvnto I traist my Lord Thesaurar will mak yow 
previa, quhairby ye may the better vnderstand that mater. I am reddy to fulfill 
on my part all thingis promisit to his hienes. Seing he is desirous to haue tlu' 
castell, I am content to cans deliuer the same, the jowellis, movables, and mvni- 
tioun thairin being takin off my hand be inventary, and a discharge deliuerit to 
me of the same, with a little tyme to transport the guidis pertening to our selffis 
' Original in Charter-chest of the Earl of Morton. 

being thairiii. Ye sail crave this mater ernistlie to be put to a poynt, and tak 
Lochlevin and sic "Nlher freiudis with y.ow as ye think gude to the same effect. 
The brute is heir that thay mynd to gar charge the castell to be deliuerit vnder 
the pane of treasoun. Gif that salbe done, the King will resaue gi-eat hurt 
thairthrow, for gif I suld deliuer the castell vpoun a charge, the guidis thairin 
not being inuentareit, it wer na doubt his majesties great apperand hurt and 
altogethir my wrak, for vther men mycht at their pleasur posses and vse his 
jowellis and vther thingis, quhilk I haue with great labouris recoverit, and to this 
tyme weill kepit. I pray yow spair na travell to stop this at your vttermaist 
pouer, ffor nother ressoun, law, nor conscience can aggre with this order. 

I am sorie of the Chancellares vnhappy chance, quhilk na doubt is to my greit 
greif. "We mon thank God quhatsumeuir it pleasis him to send ; and now sen 
God hes visitit him, ye mon tak the mair panes, and await the harder vpoun thir 
maters of myne, and leif your pastyme till ye haue thame put to a poynt. Gif the 
Kingis majesties pleasur be that ye sail remane with him, tarie salang as is his 
pleasur. Marie in the meyntyme I pray yow se that your freindis tak na hurt, 
otherwyse your courting seruis to litle purpois. Ye mon gett a respett to my 
brother the capitane, the constable, and the rest that wer with thame, for this lait 
vnhappy slauchter in Edinburgh, for it wilbe verie hard to thame to deliuer the 
castell, not hauing a respett, the slauchter being sa recent. I pray yow to aduise 
vpoun thir maters wyselie with your wyse freindes, and put thame to a poynt. 
Lett me be aduertist fi'a yow of the estate of all maters as they stand, with 
your opinioun and the freindis thair, quhat ye think best to be done. And sa 
I commit yow to God. At Dalkeith, the xix day of Marche 1577. 

Your assured, 

To my lord and sonne the Erll of Angus. 

156. KoBERT Bowes, the English Ambassador, to Archibald, eighth Earl 
OF Angus, that the peace may be preserved. 2Sth July 1578. 

It maie please your good Lordship, vpon my conference with the Lordes in this 
towne, and perswasion, aswell for remove and lyinge aside of all armes and violent 
interprise, as also for the tymely pacifienge of ail gretis with their loyaltie to their 
Kinge and soueraigne, I finile suche reasonable mynde in them, both to set apert 
all forces and forbeare all suche like attemptis, or hereafter to draw great forces 


together, with duetifiill obedience to the Kinsje and care of the quietnes of the 
country, and also to refer their causes to indifferent order and determynacion, as 
I truste this fiere kindlinge and entringe into flanibe shalbe, with good handlinge, 
redily quenched, especiallie, in case no accident or matter, from hensforth offred 
to their annoye, shall interv^it the good successe of the same ; therefore I haue 
thought good to giue your Lordship knowledge hereof (as in like maner I intend 
to recomeud to the Kinge and Counsell), and to praie your Lordsliip, for the 
avoidinge of all impedimentis hindringe the good progresse of these gentle 
Ijeginynges, promyseing wished conclusion, your Lordship wold provide that the 
peace may be preserued, that no force be brought to the offence of the lordis or 
their freindis, nor levied to there disadvantage, and wherebie the good entrance 
appearinge to lead to quietnes and pacificacion be barred, but that all thingis maie 
be quietlie and without violence vsed for the preferment hereof, as they on their 
behalfis promise to performe and do the like. Wherefore, what your Lordship 
please to do in the same, I praie you let me be aduertised by this bearer,' that I 
maie satisfie the lordis and procead in the matter as appertenetb. And with 
hartie commendacions I commit your Lordship to the protection of th'Almightie. 
Eddenbrough, the xxviij*'' of Julie 1578. 

Your Lordship's lovinge freinde, 

Robert Boues. 
To the riaht honorable the Erie of Angus. 

157. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir Francis AValsingham, 
Secretary to Queen Elizabeth, explaining why he left Scotland. 
Carlisle, 30th June 1581. 

My dewtie wnto zour honour remembrit, wpon>e the directiouns of two severall 
letters, the ane to zour selff, the other to hir maiesteis trustie minister, Mr. 
Thomas Eandolff. I heiff ressavit fra him in effect the answer of boith, quharby 
I wnderstand hir hienes loving care had of me and accustomat clemencie, moir 
larglie extendit in my favors nor my merittis can deserue, quhilk I can na 
otherwayes reaquyt at this present bot with wnfeynit m}Tid to remane radie to 
do hir maiestie acceptable service. 

My present estait, with sa mony as ar with me, craves that hir maiestie suld 
alsveill wnderstand the caus of my departure from my natiue cuntrie as the 


occasioun of my remaning heire, togidder with the weritie of all accidentis that 
lies of lait occurrit tiuiir, and il apperances that may (to hir maiesteis mislyking 
and our greif of mynd) fall out in that realme. 

As in the faithful opning of thir maters I sail omit na pairt of my dewtie, 
so is it my mynd to remane radie to be imployit in quhat soevir hir maiestie sail 
think convenient to be done for lielpin of maters that is evill vsit. 

The frequent mutations of that cuntrie are nocht small in number, the 
apparent accidentis lyk to fall out boith dyvers and dangerus, so that nather the 
saidis accidentis, nor thair apperand remedeis, cau be maid so sensibill to hir 
maiestie be T\Tyting as I wald wishe ; thairfoir I think it convenient to direct my 
cowsing, Maister Archebald Dowglas, to hir maiestie, that be him my knawleg 
and mynd may be to hir grace wnderstand. The saming being laid opin befoir 
hir hienes eis the better, lest evill may be electit, assuring zour honour quhatsoevir 
hir hienes and hir honorable consale sail resolue wpone, I salbe radie to performe 
so far as sail ly in my power, as at moir large hir maiestie may wnderstand, quhan 
it salbe hir gud plesour that I may repair to hir presence. In this meane tyme, I 
pray zour honour that it may pleis zou to mak hir maiestie acquent with this my 
letter, and to obteane licence that my said cowsing may repair to hir maiestie for 
the eflFect foirsaid ; and so avayting wpone zour ansuer, I commit zour honour to 
the protectiouu of the Almichtie. From the Queues maiesteis toun of Cairleill, 
this last of June 1581. 

Zour honours rycht louing freind, 


To the Eycht honorable Sir Frances Walsinghame, Secretarie principall to 
the Quenis maiestie, and on of hir hienes Privie Counsaile. 

158. Mr, Archibald Douglas [afterwards Scots Ambassador at the English 
Court] to Mary Ql^een of Scots, chiefly relating to the Earl of 
Angus. 28th August 1582.^ [Holograph draft.] 

Plels your maiestie, sen the direction of my other letter I half had conferance 
with the ambassador of the Mest Christian King quho, so far as I can persaif, hes 
now consauit sum WTang opiuiou of my vprycht meaning wnto your maieste, or 
othervyis collected swm dout of the end of my intention. He hes declaired wnto 
me that as zit he hes nocht had the commodite to writ wnto your maiestie, and 
that Monsieur de Guyse hes ane commission ample of your hienes to deill in all 
^ Original in the possession of Mr. Bryce, Edinburgh. 

1jS2.] state AXD official letters, 179 

yowr effaris, to quhais excellence he thinkis nieit that T suld direct my course to 
sollicit him to move yowr maiestie in my fauour, quliilk is ane langer way than 
the weilfair of yowr maiesties seruice will gndly permit, and therfor nocht allto- 
gidder woyd of suspition. Forther, he giffis me counsall to move the Erll of Anuus 
go that same way, othervyis to leif him, and reveill the secreitti's and practesis 
that he and sum otheris intendis to execute in Scotland, quhilk I tak neither to 
be the mest honest nor surest way to do your maiestie guid seruice. I am assureil 
gif I wald deill vnhonestlie in ony mater, howbeit it suld tend to your maiesties 
profeit, ye mycht vse quhat guid speiche ye plesit, bot in yowr mynd I vald be 
mest justlie condemnit. Besidis, I am nocht ignorant that it is in the power of 
princes to mak men riche quhen thai pleis, bot thai can nocht restoir men to 
honestie, willinglie abandonit, quhen thai wald ; quhilk lies mowit me sa cairfullie 
to preserve my honestie and reputation in all tymis passit, sa that now that is all 
in all that remanis to me saif, in place of the haill welthe of fortoun that sumtyme 
I possessit, and it hes bein the cheif occasion that mowit me newir to leif to do 
the guid I culd to the Lairdis of Grang and Ledingtoun in all thair trowbill, and 
nocht to accuse the Erll of Mortoun for his vnnaturell behauiour, or rather crueltie, 
vsit aganis my self ; and now this is the only resone that I can nocht do in this 
matter of the Erll of Angus, that may haif apperance to tend to ony vnhonestie, 
becaus it is ane haynous ofFens towardis God, and no les schame towardis the 
world, to desaif ony that giffis trust, or to reveill the secreitt commvnicat in tyme 
of freindschip ; yit, althocht sum breche suld intervein, quhilk I dout nocht yowr 
maiesties education verteus ^^'ill tak in guid pairt, and yowr knawlege of moral 1 
philosophe will excuse that quhilk to otheris may appeir worthy of condemnation. 
It is trew that I dissuadit the said Erll to sell his seruice to sic as ment na treutli 
to ony creature levand, bot travellit to obteyn thair particular commoditie be the 
hurt and rwyne of all otheris, as he mycht persaif be the maneir of doing of lait vsit 
with his vncle ; and besydis, I declarit vnto him that, albeit I wes in greter necessite 
nor he wes, yit wold I never resaif pension, nor that quhilk mak me suspect to 
my soveragne, or be impediment to the recovery of my natyve cuntre. Nocht- 
withstanding all the persuasions I culd vse, he hes takin ane course that I nether 
will allow of nor follow, quhilk he affirmes to me hes altogidder procedit \-pon 
necessite and laik of that quhairby he mycht commodiuslie leif. Alvayis in this 
course I beleif he is nocht sa far passit bot he may be reclamed, gif the speach^ 
that he vsit to me be trewlie ment, quhilk giffis me the hardnes to lay this proic ct 
o]tpin befor yowr maiestie, moir propre, in my jugraent, for the aduancement of 


yowr maiesties service and present quieting of the realme, that yowr maiestie 
hathe bein sa cairfull of, nor that qiihilk is cravit. It is trew that the Eril of 
Angus hoill leving is yit in yowr sonnes hand, and no profeit at all therby cum- 
ming to his grace. Gif be yowr maiesties intercession he niycht be moAvit to 
restoir the said Eril to his leving, quliairvpon he niyclit be sustenet, togidder with 
his fauour, I beleif he culd be [con]tent ether to reteir him self to France, efter 
faythfull promis maid that he suld leif all other practesis, or othervyis to pas, by 
yowr direction, in Scotland, thair to behaif him self according as your maiestie 
sail think meit to command him. Gif he sail nocht consent heirvnto, I sail tak 
vpon me to draw all sic gentillmen as ar cummit in England witli him from him, 
for thai will follow my opinion, and siclyk sail mowe all his freindis that ar in 
Scotland, I mein of surname of Douglas, or belanging to him be proximite of 
lignage (as for his allias I can nocht ansuer), to altogidder leif him, and be directed 
in quhatsumever course it sail pleis yowr maiestie to command, so that he sail be 
left "wnabill to do harm, and thai that ar heir sail wnderstand that he sail noclit 
be of power to do thame so mwche guid for thair pension as thai luikit for. This 
far I haif takin the baldnes to lay oppin befor yowr maiestie, to be reiected or 
accepted as it sail pleis your hichnes to command. As for myself, quhose actions 
passit may gif sum testimony of my affectionat mynd to yowr maiesties service, 
and quhose lyif sail nocht now be sparit to do all that I sail knaw to be yowr 
maiesties plesour that [may] ly in my power to perform. Be this present 1 offer't 
to yoAvr maiestie ether to return in Scotland, [thair] to faythfullie serve yowr 
maiestie with all sic habilite and moyen as presentlie is left wnto me, or gif it 
salbe yowr plesour that I sail go to France, I will nocht refuse it, thair to obey 
and do quhat I [salbe] commandit, or othervyis I sail remain heir sa weill as I 
may, redy to do all guid otiecis that sail ly in my power that may further your 
maiesties serwice. Mest humlie I pray yowr maieste that I may vnderstand your 
gratius mynd in theis premissis or in ony other matter it sail pleis yow to gif 
command, ether be writting or direction to the said ambassador, to quhom I dar 
nocht at all tymes resort, bot yit 1 wold be most glaid that he wer instructed to 
diligentlie inquyre of all my behauiour, passit and present atfection to yowr 
maiesties service. The rest I will remit to resaving of the cipher cravit in my 
other letter ; and sa, efter the mest hvmill kissing of yowr maiestes hand, I 
humly tak my leif, this xxviij of August 1582. 

Your maiestes most hvmill and obedient subiect with service, 

A. Douglas. 


159, The Earls of Angus, Mar, etc., to Queen Elizabeth and others 
in England, soliciting assistance. Newcastle, 20th August 1584. 
[Contemporary copies.] 

Maie it please youre Maiestie, perccavinge within theis fewe dayes oure goode 
cause cxtremelie preiudged, and oure selves calumniate and sclandered in mostc 
reprochefuU maner, we haue in all hvmilitie directed the bearer hereof, ^[r. 
Colvile, oure familiare fieinde, towarde youre heighnes, to expone oure greives 
vnto youre maiestie, and to sollicite your heighnes in some maters concerninge vs, 
whome wee moste hvmblie desyre youre maiestie to credyte in the premisses. And 
so, leavinge to trouble youre heighnes, wee moste hvmblie take our leive, wishinge 
to your maiestie frome God perpetuall felicitie and encrease of his blessinges. 
From your maiesteis towne of Newcastell, the xx*^^ of Auguste 1584, 

Your maiesteis moste hvmble and moste faithfull freindes and servauntes. 

The Same to Lord Huusdon. 

Please your Lordshippe, like as wee have, be our former lettres and credite 
committed to our serWtour William Colvile, purged our selves vnto your honour 
of suche braites as were vntrewlie reported of vs be our enemeis, so have wee, 
for her maiesteis satisfactione in that poynte, directed our familiare freinde ^Ir. 
Colvile towarde her hieghnes ; whereof we thoughte it oure dewtie to advertese 
your honour, in the meane tjTne earnestiie desyringe your goode lordshippe 
permitt one of vs to repaire thidder for youre honouris better iuformatione in 
sindrie poyntis concerninge our cause, whiche wee cannot coramitt to no mediate 
persone. And so, attendinge your honouris aunswere, wee hvmblie take our leave, 
committinge your honour to Goddes blessed protectione. From Newcastell, the 
20th of Auguste 1584. 

Your honouris assured freindis. 

The Same to Mr. Robert Bowes, 

Right worshippefull and our moste speciall freinde, we have ordeyned this bearer 
to visite yow be the waie, and to communicate with suche thinges as he lies in 
commissione, hartlie prayingeyour worshippe assiste him with your goode counsell 
and to truste him in the premisses. And so wisshinge at God once to have the 
occasione to expresse be ouractiones how farre wee thinke ourselves obleissed vnto 

yow, wee take our leave, presentinge our hairtlie de-vvtie to your worshippe, and to 
your goode bedfellowe, committing you botlie to Godes blessed protectione. From 
Newcastle, the xx*'' of August 1584. 

Your assured freindis to be vsed as your childrene. 

Circular letter sent to the English Court by the said Earls. 

Please your Lordshippe, what extremetie our goode cause is cast into be this laite 
mediatione, and howe iniustlie we are sclandered, Mr. Colvile can enforme your 
Lordshippe thereof, and of all other materis concerning vs, to whose sufficiencie wee 
comraitt the same, earnestlie desyringe your honour truste him. Surelie the 
ingyne of man culde not have invented a greater destructione for vs and our saide 
cause, except we had lost our lyves. For remeede whereof, wee are to sollioite 
her maiestie in some heades, wherein wee have desyred the saide Mr. Colvile to 
followe preciselie your Lordshippes advyse, as the cheefe Avorldlie comforte and 
assuraunce that wee have next her maiestie. And so, for the presente, takinge our 
leave, we wishe no thinge more earnestlie at God, then to have occasione to 
expresse be oure actiones howe farre we holde our selves obleissed to your Lord- 
shippe, committing your Lordshippe to the blessed protectione of the Allmightie. 
Frome Newcastle, tlie xx'** of Auguste 15 84. 
Your honouris assured freindes to be vsed as your Lordshippes owne childrene. 

The Same. 

Please your Lordshippe, Ave have directed oure familiare freinde Mr. Colvile to 
sollicite her maiestie in some maters, tendinge not only to oure comforte, but also 
to the general benefitte of the whole Christiane estaite within this ylande. 
Wherein wee hMnblie crave your Lordshippes favourable assistaunce, like as wee 
acknowledge Avee have fouude the same heretofore, for Avhiche Avee esteme our 
selves muche obleissed vnto your Lordshippe, and shall ever be A'erie Avillinge to 
requyte the same, after our power, Avith suche ottices of thankefulnes and fidelitir 
as wee can be liable to performe. So referringe the particulare to be declared be 
the saide Mr. Colvile, whom please your Lordshippe truste, Avee humblie take our 
leave. Frome Newcastle, the xx^*' of Auguste 1584. 

Your Lordshippes assured freindis to be commanded in all leasome maner.^ 

^ Other letters were sent of a similar tenor, the originals were carried by Mr. Colville, who 
copies of Ashich are not given. The aboA'e had been deputed to treat with those Scotch 
are all copied on the same sheet of paper, ami nobles who had taken refuge in England. 


160. AViLLiAM Pelham to the Earls of Angus, Mar, and others, declining 
to advise further till he knows their affairs particularly. Eathorpe, 
10th September 1584. 

It male please your good Lordshippes, the fauours longe since received in yuur 
natione is nowe brought into so freshe memorie, both by the good opinion I 
heare yow haue conceived towardes me, and also by vouchsafinge to bestowe your 
Lordshippes lettres vpon me ; as I am bounde to accepte most humblie of the one, 
and Avill never leave to be thankefull for the other, nor wilbe \Timindfull to 
answere, in what I male, your Lordshippes confidence laid vppon me. 

And althoughe the Almightie God (who governethe ouer all) permittethe that 
your Prince (that ought, as his owne members, to cherishe yow) for some tyme 
should carrie a straight hand over yow, and to tollerat with the oppression of 
your euemys, yet distrust I not but your Lordshippes haue learned howe to beare 
these crosses, and with much patience to expecte, after that good successe and 
comforte for your afflictions, Avhich your frendes (with all contentment to your 
Lordshippes) do hartelie wishe for yow. 

It semeth by your lettres that the particulare reporte is lefte to my good 
frende Mr. Colvile, in what sorte your cause nowe staudeth ; wherin, because we 
haue not yet meett, and he not willinge to committ the weightines therof tu 
paper, I ame not able (\Titill we haue had some conference) in ought to advisse or 
assist yow, more then with that assured good will, whiche your Lordshippes and 
the godlie shewe of your actione enforceth me to beare yow. And so, thrusting^ 
ray selfe emongst the nomber of your Lordshippes faithfull frendes that desire your 
most good, and to honour yow, I, humblie piesentinge dewe commendations, do 
praie the onlie Lord to prosperr all your good purposses. At Eathrope, the x of 
September 1584. 

Your Lordshippes to be humblie commanded, my alegaunce beinge preserved. 


To the right honourable his very good Lordes, the Earles of Angushe and 
Mar, and the Master of Glamiss, or to ether of them. 


161. Monsieur de Segur to the E.vrls of Angus and Mar, and other 
Scottish Xobles and Gentlemen who had retired into England. Circa 
1585. [Contemporary copy.]^ 

Messieurs, estant il y a un an en ce pays employe par le Koy de Navarre a 
procurer une bonne union et correspondance entre tous les rois et potentats qui 
font profession de la religion reformee, j'avois un singulier desir de baiser les 
mains aussi du Roy votre seigneur et le faire participant de la charge et n^gocia- 
tion qui m'estoit commise. J'avois aussi des letres pour lui et charge de le voir, 
s'il m'estoit possible. Mais, ce dessein m'estant rompu, j'ay poursuivy mon voyage, 
visitant les courts du Roy de Dannemarck et princes d'Alleraagne. L4 oil, 
nonobstant beaucoup de traverses et empeschemens, Dieu m'a faict ceste faveur de 
laisser les affaires bien disposees a la conservation des f]glises et avancement de 
la gloire de Dieu. Or estant de retour par deca, j'ay receu une merveilleuse 
tristesse, entendant la dissipation survenue en Escosse, avec la calamite de tant de 
nobles families et personnes. Qui est cause que, tant pour ma propre inclination, 
que sachant I'entiere affection que le Roy de Navarre porte a tous ceux qui out 
embrasse la vraye religion, je n'ay pen ny voulu partir d'ici sans me condouloir 
avec vous de I'estat present et de I'affliction de tant de seigneurs, gentilzhommes 
et autres, en laquelle je vous puis asseurer que nos figlises sont et seront con- 
joincfes avec vous pour implorer I'aide de celui qui est prochain de tous ceux qui 
I'invoquent en verite. Davantage, s'il y a chose en quoy vous pensiez que le Roy 
de Navarre vous puisse tesmongner sa bonne volonte, je m'asseure bien avoir telle 
part en sa faveur, et si bien cognoistre son zele a la gloire de Dieu et son coeur 
chrestiennement royal envers toutes gens de bien et honneur, qu'il n'y aura moyens 
quelconques bons et legitimes qu'il n'y voulut employer. Pour mon regards je 
suis en cest advis d'induire le diet sieur Roy a envoyer quelque gentilhomme bien 
qualifie vers le Roy vostre seigneur pour lui faire cognoistre que, s'il suit les 
conseils qui lui sont donnas par les papistes, tant espagnols que autres, il se 
precipitera au mesme malheur de la Royne sa mere, et I'exhorter de respondre a 
I'esperance que toute la Chrestiente avoit conceue de sa vertu et piete, et par ce 
moyen se rendre ays^ment un des plus excellents et heureux princes de ce siecle. 
Que si en cela ou autre chose vous trouvez bon de lui donner quelques bons advis, 
vous le trouverez un prince tres atfectionue a toutes chuses bonnes et vertueuses. 

1 Papiers d'Etat, relatifs ik I'histoire de I'Ecosse au .wi" siecle, par A. Teulet. Printed for 
the Baimatyne Club. Tome ii. p. 71S. 



Au reste, je n'estime pas qu'il soit n^cessaire d'employer beaucoup de paroles pour 
vous accourager a la profession constante et d(ifense de la vraye religion. Car, 
outre les exemples que vous avez en diverses regions, et mesme les d^omestiaues' 
en vos pays et families, de tant de grans personnages qui ont pref,^r«^ la gloirJ de 
Dieu et defense de la religion k leurs propres biens, vies et honneurs, vous avez 
en c-la donne de si bons tesmoignages de vostre zele a toute la Chrestiente qu'on 
n'a point occasion de doubter de la perseverance. Corame de f\iict, c'est chose 
digne d'un coeur g^nt^reux de ne se kisser jamais emporter d'un bon but qu'il se 
sera propose. Or est ce la fin des fins de servir a la gloire de Dieu et advancement 
de I'Eglise. Une chose vous puis-je dire que j'ay experiment^e a mon grand regret 
en divers endroits, que, comme I'amiti^ et I'union est le lien de nostre conserva- 
tion, aussi les simult6s, discordes quereles et partialit^s sont les pestes qui font uu 
merveilleux degast au milieu de nous. Desirant done que Dieu vous soit propice, 
je souhaitte aussi et vous requiers au nom de Dieu que, puisque vous estes unis en 
mesme cause, en pareiUe condition d'afflictions et vous proposez une mesme fin, 
vous nourrissiez aussi entre vous et tous les vostres, soit dehors soit dedans iJ 
royaume, une telle amitie et charite Chrestienne, qui vous tienne comme un lien 
indissoluble conjoincts non seulement ensemble, mais vous tous avec Dieu. qui est 
I'araour et charite lui mesme. C'est ainsi que Dieu, qui tire la lumi^re des tenebres 
et rameine son Eglise de la mort a la vie, parachevera son reuvre a sa gloire. Ce 
qu'il a tousjours voulu que les siens esp6rassent contre esperance. 

Translation of the preceding Letter. 
Messieurs, ha\ang been in this country for a year, employed by the King of 
Navarre to procure good union and intercourse between all the kings and poten- 
tates who profess the reformed religion, I had a special desire also to kiss the 
hands of the King your master, and to make him a sharer in the charce and 
negotiation which had been committed to me. I had also letters for him and 
instructions to see him if it were possible for me. But this design being inter- 
rupted, I have pursued my journey, visiting the Courts of tlie King of Denmark 
and the princes of Germany, where, notwithstanding many ■ thwartings and 
impediment.?, God has granted me this favour, to leave matters well disposed for 
the preservation of the churches and advancement of the Divine glory. Now, 
having returned hither, I have experienced great sorrow on learning the confusion 
which has occurred in Scotland, with the ill fortune of so many^noble families 
and persons, which is the reason that, both from my own inclination and knowin-- 
24 ^ 


the entire affection which the King of Navarre bears to all those who have 
embraced the true religion, I am not a little unwilling to leave this without 
grieving with you as to the present estate and troubles of so many nobles, 
gentlemen, and others, in the which I can assure you that our churches are and 
will be united with you, to supplicate the aid of him who is near to all who call 
upon him in truth. Moreover, if there is anything in which you think the King 
of Navarre can testify his goodwill to you, I persuade myself that I have such a 
share in his favour, and so good a knowledge of his zeal for the glory of God, 
and his Christianly royal heart towards all men of estate and honour, that there 
will be no good and lawful means whatsoever that he will not employ. For my 
part, I am in a mind to induce the said King to send some properly qualified 
gentleman to the King your master, to make him understand that if he follows 
the advice given to him by the papists, whether Spanish or others, he will pre- 
cipitate himself into the same misfortune as the Queen his mother, and to exhort 
him to answer to the hope which all Christendom has conceived from his virtue 
and piety, and by this means easily to make himself one of the most excellent 
and happy princes of this age. If in that or other matters you find it good or 
expedient to give him some good advice, you will find him a prince very well 
inclined to goodness and virtue. For the rest, I do not judge it needful to use 
many words to encourage you to the constant profession and defence of the true 
religion ; for, beside the examples which you have in divers countries, and even 
at home in your country and families, of so many great persons who have 
preferred the glory of God and defence of religion to their own estate, lives, 
and honour, you have in that given such good testimony of your zeal to all 
Christendom, that no one has any occasion to doubt your perseverance. As a fact, 
it is a thing worthy of a generous mind never to be turned from the attainment 
of any good end it may propose to itself. Now this is the aim of aims, to serve 
the glory of God and advancement of the Church. One thing I can tell you I 
have experienced, to my great regret, in divers ways, that as friendship and 
union is the bond of our preservation, so also hypocrisies, discords, quarrels, and 
partialities are the evils which make a marvellous havoc in our midst. Praying, 
therefore, that God may be propitious to you, I desire also, and require of you in 
the name of God, that, since you are united in the same cause, in a like state of 
affliction, and you purpose one and the same end, you may foster also among you 
and yours, whether Avithout or within the realm, such a friendship and Christian 
love that may bind you as with an indissoluble tie, not only united together, but 


you all with God, who is himself love and charity. Thus it is that God, who 

brings light out of darkness, and restores his Church from death to life, will 

accomplish his work to his glory. He has ever willed that his own should hope 
against hope. 

162. William, ninth Earl of Angus, to "William, seventh Earl of 
Morton, begging the latter to attend his Majesty at Edinburgh, as he 
himself had a fever. Glenbervie, 8th [April] 159 1.^ 

My Lord, efter my hartlie commendatioun. I haue resauit ane letter from his 
majestie, desyring me to haue l)ein in Edinburgh the xj of this instant, to haue 
sen justice vsit aganis sic persones as lies ettellit mischewous pratekceis aganis 
his majesties awin estait and persoune, as also aganis myne and youris 
Lordshipis wmquhill last predicessoure that died of guid memorie ; heirfoir I 
maist eirnestlie mon request your Lordship to wreit to the rest of our freindis, 
that your Lordship may keipe the said day, to further his majestie in the 
ministration of justice. Seing his majesties iutentione tendis bayth to the 
weillfaire of the countrey, and speciallie to the veillfair and standing of our house, 
treulie thare sold haue na wardlie tourne stayit me frome the keiping of the said 
day, hot it hes plesit God to visit me with ane extreme fyfher that I may [nather] 
reid nor gange, as is notablie knauen wnto the contrey. Thus hiking your Lord- 
ship will not faill to keip the said day becaus of my present disease, and the 
fortherance of thj ministration of justice, specialie be ws quhich tendis maist to 
owr honour. Seing God hes moueit his majestie to sie justice administrat, quhais 
intentione being sa guid, we can not refuiss for owr awen partis. Thairfoir your 
Lordship mane tak burden wpon yowr Lordship at this tyme for me becaus of my 
present diseass. Eemiting the rest to your Lord>hipis wisdorae and consideratioune 
of our dewties, committis your Lordship to the protectione of the AJmychtie. 
From Glenbervy, the viij of this instant [April] 1591. 

Your Lordshipis assurit at his power, 

I pray your Lordship to remember my commendatioune to your bedfallowe. 
Als I request your Lordship to assist this cans, sua that we resaue nor deserwe 
na sclandder of God nor the warld, etc. 

To my weray speciall guid lord and cousinge, my Lord of Mortoun. 
^ Orisrinal in the Charter-chest of the Earl of Morton. 


163. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to William, seventh Earl of 

Morton, to obtain a further licence from the King, that he may 

arrange his atlairs. Dundee, 10th July 1591.^ 
My Lord, efter all hairtlie commdatiounis. I haiff sum particular adoes presentlie 
in Glenberwie anent the ceremonies of my fatheris buriall, and sum uther effairis 
qwhilk vver lang to wrait, Qwhairfoir I will reqweist your Lordship maist 
efiectuouslie to obtein me ane license of his majestie for thrie or fowr dayes, or 
awcht dayis giff it may be grantit, that I may taik ordowr withe my adoes 
mentionat. So in referring to the beraris declaratioun, committis yow to the 
protectioun oflFCod. From Dundie, the 10th of July 1591. 

Yowr Lordshipis at all pouer, ^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ 

To the richt honorabill and very good lord, my Lord the ErUe of Mortoun. 

164. The Same to The Same, requesting the latter to become his cautioner 

to the King. Edinburgh Castle, 2d February 1592.^ 
My Lord and Coussin, efter all hartlie commendatiouns. I understand my le\T[ng 
is arrestit by ordour of la we ; and because now, in the tyrae of my truble, it is 
properest your Lordship suld tak ane doing for me, I will request your Lordship 
to becum cautioune for my leving, that it salbe ansuerable to the Kingis majestie 
and all haifand entres thairto, conforme to the lawes of the cuntray ; and for 
your Lordship's warrand I bind and oblissis me heirby, to warrand and releif your 
Lordship fra all perrell and skayth that sail happin to fall furth theirthrow, be 
this my band maid unto your Lordship thcrupoun, subscrywit with my hand. At 
the Castell of Edinburgh, the secund of Februar 1592. 

Your Lordshipis cousin at pouer, ^. ^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ 

To my verray guid lord and coussin, the Erll of Mortone. 

165. Sir John Caemichael to William, tenth Earl of Angus, that he 

has secured from his Majesty that the Earl's life and goods shall be 
safe. [Circa 1593.]^ 

My Lord, my humill commendationis being rememberit. I ressauit your aduer- 

teismentis fra my cowsiug Wat, and theiraftir spak with the King at greit lenthe 

tuiching your matteris, quha, at my earnist sute and desyre, and revaird for my 

^ Original in the Charter-chest of the Earl of Morton. - Ih'ul. ^ Ibid. 


seruice, hes becumit mair resonabill nor your desert deseruis, quhen nostir and the 
wyfis husband suld wraik as now your Lordship knawis, quhitlier men be of yowr 
counsall or nocht. I haue brocht it to this poynt with the King, that your Lord- 
ship sail nathir be in hasard of your lyfe, landis, nor lionouris, gif ye will crave 
the Kingis mercy and grant j^owr offence, quhilk he hes to lat yow se ; and ye 
can nocht deny I sail mak all thir sure, swa that the greittest danger ye can incur 
is to remane ane quhyle in waird quhill niattiris be settillit, being sure nathir 
your lyfe, landis, nor honour be in danger. My Lord, albeit ye estemit me ane 
enemy befoir, I was ane friend and gaue yow the best counsall, albeit God Avald 
nocht lecent yow to except it ; and thais that hes drawin yow on this, if ye and 
yowr hous wraik, thay haue bene the occasioun of it. Gif the King had wraikit 
at this time, I had bene worthy to haue bene hangit, quarterit, and drawin. That 
I was the onely stay that yowr heid and James Dowglass had nocht bene bayth 
tane, at yowr being in this toun the tyme of the Parliament, for we knew mattiris 
than as we do now, bot nocht sa cleirly. Gif your Lordship thiukis meit to 
except thir conditionis, lat me be aduerteisit, and I sail mak thame sure enewche. 
Gif ye think ye wilbe the man will wraik yowrself and yowr hous, I tak the greit 
God to vitnes I haue done mair for yowr Lordship, and gevin yow my counsall 
mair vprychtlie for yowr standing, nor ony that is cumit of it, or ony vassal! ye 
haue. I haue send my cowsing Wat to yow to deill in thir mattiris, quhom with 
ye may be plane. Gif ye Avryte ane ansuer to me, wryte in sic plane termes as 
the King may se it, and gif ye send ony vthir secreittis, send it be toung with 
sic as ye think maist meit. Swa for this present, luiking to heir fra yow how 
far I may speik in yowr name, I commit yowr Lordship to Godis protectioune. 
Edinburgh, this Settirday, in the mornyng. 

Be your Lordshipis, to be coramandit with seruice, gif ye obey God and the 
lungis majestic, Carmychall. 

To the richt honorable and my very gud lord and maister, the Erie of Angus, 
gif this. 

1G6. King James the Sixth to John Wlshart of Pitarro, and others, to 

confer with the Eiirl of Angus. 1595.^ 


We, for diuers gude caussis and considerationes moveing ws, be the tenour heirof 

geive and grant our speciall licence to our trustie and weilbelouittis, Johnue 

^ Original at Muiiymusk. 

Wischart of Pittarro, "Williame Forbes of Monymusk, and Mathow Dowglas, and 
ilk ane of thame, to treat, consult, and confer with "Williame, sumt}Tne Erie of 
Angus, etc., twicheing his obedience to \vs and the kirk, as alsua concerning sum 
particularis betuix him and our cousing the Duke of Lennox, concerning the leving 
of Angus ; and will and grant that thai nor nane of thame sail incur na cryme 
or danger thairthrow, in thair personis, landis, or gudis, nor sail neuir be callit 
nor accusit thairfuir be ony nianer of way in tyme cuming, notwithstanding the 
forfaltour led aganis the sai<l Erie of Angus, or ony act, law, or proclamation 
maid or to be maid in the contrair. Quhairanent we, of our auctoritie royall and 
kinglie powar, dispense with thame be thir our lettres, subscryuit with our hand, 
at the day off and of our regnne the xxix yeir, 1595. 

James H. 

taxation. Tantallon, 20th November 1G04.^ 

Tomthalloun, 20 of November 1604. 
Pleis your sacred Maiestie. Being informed that your maiestie is offendit Avith 
sik of the nobilitie as mett in the Inche of St. Johnnestoun at the last Parlia- 
ment, to adwyse by quhat meanes the chairges of sik as war chosin commissioneres 
mycht be defrayit, I most humblie crawe your maiestie pardoun to purge my 
pairt of any misbeliaviour vsit att that tyme, ather agains this happie vnioun, 
or ony vther your maiesties intentioun ; for in credite I persauit na difl'erence 
amangis all your maiesties subiectis thair convenit, bot ane ernist intentioun in 
ewery man, vtering their weil affected hairtes to your maiesties serwice in the 
Vnioun ; controuersie standing onlie concernyng the taxatioun, quhairin the grittest 
number of the nobilitie, feiring that the l)ruit thairof should breid ane mislyking 
of the vnioun amanges the Commouns, quha at na tyme, without regrait, ar inducit 
to any taxatioun, choisit rather to serwe your maiestie vpoun thair awin chairges 
than call in doubt your maiesties dissein, be imposing v^ioun the Commouns ane 
grit taxatioun, without the quhilk the commibsioneres could nocht haue beine 
honourablie outred ; and if any man do vtherwyse infomie your maiestie, thay do 
sinistrously traduce your maiesties best atfectionatt subiectes. Your maiestie 
hes to vey in this our affectiouns vnto your maiesties serwice, nochte crediting 
calumnies of vnfriendis, the simple treuth being (in conscience) this quhilk I wryt 
to your maiestie, sa far as come to my knawlege. Quhaiifoir I beseik your 
^ Origiual in Advocatea' Library, Ediuburgb, o3. 1. I. No. 22. 


raaiestie nocht to condeme me indicta causa, nor to think any vthenvyse of me 

hot as of ane of your maiesties most loyallie affected subiectes, qulia l)y my general 

alleageance doetli acknawlege myselff in particular manywyss dett-bound to your 

maiesties favorable clemeucye in sik sort, that there is nor can be nothing more 

grevous to me than to vnderstand myseltf to be anywayse ecairted fra your 

maiesties favour, especially it being my grittest contentment on earth to be thocht 

of your sacred maiestie as I am and sail alvayes continew, 

Your maiesties most humble and obedient subiect, 

V. D. Erll Anguss. 
To his Maiestie. 

168. The Sa^ie to The Same, as to his leaving the country, etc. 

Cirai 1605.1 
Moist gratious and excellent maiestie ; althocht the parting frome my natiue soyll, 
frome my estait, hous, and familie, bot moir than all of tharae, the want of your 
maiesteis gratious presence, be vnto me ane just cans of exceiding greiff and 
sorrow, yit the testimonie of ane guid conscience in all dewtie towardis your 
maiestie, and my innocencie of ony capitall cryme ar confortis to me, that this 
your maiesteis commandiment is nocht so muche of ony just conceauit malice at 
my persone as of intendit chasteisment for my conversioun to the religioun 
presentlie estableisit, quhairof your maiestie may be easilie perswadit, I wald most 
glaidlie condiscend vnto for sindrie respectis, lang to wryte, gif I culd have thairto 
ony warrant of conscience. Bot this being improper to this present subiect, I 
omit the same and haue resoluit nocht onlye in this poynt, bot in quhatsumever 
ells your nuiiestie will command with the hazard of lyffe (my conscience being 
exceptit), to vndirgu all perell may geve your maiestie contentment and just tryall 
of my obedience. And quhairas I vndirstand of your maiesties plesour for stay- 
ing of my secund sone now in companie with me, the boy being subiect to ane 
uniuersall gute, and I being consellit be phisitianis to send him to the baicthis in 
Loren, I will humlie entreate your maiesteis gratious favor that he may go witli 
me for recoverie of his health, and I will heirby promeis, vpone the leist significa- 
tioun of your maiesteis guid plesor, to returne him bak to be disposit vpoune as 
your maiestie thinkis moist fite. Sir, howsoever my religioun be the cans of my 
exyle frome your maiesteis presence, yit so far haue I bene heirtofoir, and ever 
wilbe frome geving any pairt of your maiesteis soueranitie to the Pope, as I hald 
^ Original in Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, 33. 1. I. No. o. 

ray selff justlie bound in conscience to mantene the authoritie thairof aganis 
quhatsumevir commandinientis he can or may give out in the contrair; and in 
testimonie heirof, I have gevin my aitli of allegeance, quhilk I vndirstand to be 
skarslie allowit of sum of the preceiser sort and vrgeris of this hard cours aganis 
me, and it will try that gif thai war burdenit thairwith that thai wald ather maik ane 
direct denyall or than maik sik constructions thairof as will nocht stand with your 
maiesteis lyking. So rewising I have atteint the fauour that this letter may twich 
that princelie hand I wes so desyrous to kiss, I moist humlie talk my leifF, praying 
God to give your maiestie lang and prosperous rigne, intending to leiff" and die 
Your maiesties moist humill and faithful! subiect, 

y. D. Erll Anguss. 
To his sacride and moist gracious maiestie. 

169. The Same to The Same, protesting against unfriendly reports. 
Edinburgh, 25th May IGOS.^ 

Cannogaitt, the 25 j\Iay 1608. 
Sir, pleis your sacreid maiestie ; it is nocht possible, be lettre, to expres the greifF 
of mynd quhilk justlie I haue concawed, quhan be the Counsall I wes laitlie 
informit of your maiestes discontentment aganis me, proceding I dout no thing 
of your maiestes princelie and courtes inclinatioun, quhairof I haue had so mony 
and dyweris experiences, bot of sum sinister informatioun of vnfreindis, as giff 
vndewtefullie I had behauit my selff, ather towardis your maieste, the ministrie, 
or in contempt of your hienes lawes or commandementis, quhilk I haue ewer 
reuerencit, and salbe to me in heichest recommendatioun. For, sir, it is ane greit 
regrait to me that I may nocht pleid my innocencie in your maiestes presens, 
becaus than I wald nocht feir but it sould cleirlie appeir, and my reuerend 
respect and obedience to your maiestes last commandinientis be manifestit, quhilk 
saucing your maiestes plesour, wes sumquhat hard (all thingis being reichtlie 
considderit). Yitt, giff ather bischop or minister can iustlie accuse me of the 
brek of any poynt of dewetie to thame, I am content to be tryit and punissit 
accordinglie ; bot be the contrar, giff I haue with all obedience obeyit and 
satisfeit the preceisest of thame, I think thay sould nocht haue sa maliceouslie 
traducit me to your maieste in complening quhair they haue na caus of com- 
plaint. Bot sence no thing I can do can content sum of thame, I most, with all 
humilitie and reuerence, intreit your hienes nocht to credeitt all thair reportis of 
^ Original in Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, So. 1. II. No. 64. 


me without cane mair particular tryall. And in this laitt chairge quhairby your 
maieste hes ordanit me to be wairdit in Glasgow, I am most humblie to requyre 
your maieste, in respect of the greit iudispositioun of ray bodie tending to 
deathe, as the principall doctouris of medeceane in this cuntrie, be thair testi- 
monial! vnder thair handis, testefeit to your maiestie, as thai haue alreddie done 
to the Counsall, to be that gracious to me, that giff I salbe wairdit, it may ather 
be in Thomptalloun, Edinburgh, or Leithe, quhair I may haue the help and 
assistance of phisitianis for my seiknes, than in Glasgow, quhilk is ane place 
verie vnmeit for me for sindrie respectis, but specialhe for recowerie of my 
helthe. Or giff it sail pleis your maieste that I may haue your hienes fauour 
to pairt frome this cuntrie for ane quheill, for the better preseniatioun of my 
helthe, I will accept of the same as ane singular benefeit for sic services as I haue 
done to your maieste in tymes bypast ; and this, in all humilitie and reuerence, 
kiss your maiestes princle hand, I humble tak my leiff. 

Your maiestes most humble and faithfull subiect, 

V. D. Erll Anguss. 
To his most sacreid maiestie. 

170. The Same to The S.^^ie, remonstrating against the proceedings of the 
Scotch clergy. Glasgow, 10th August 1608.^ [Holograph.] 

Glasco, the 10 of Augnist 1608. 
Pleis your sacred maiestie : I haue bein this langtyme confynit in Glasco, ane 
part far frome my leiting and freindschip, quhair, be the daylie resort of some of 
my enimies and ewill Avillaris, some vnhappie truibill may fall furthe, by my will 
and without my knawlege ; and now the General Assembiilie lies giffin furthe ane 
act to excommunicat me, befor the xviij day of September. Quhat greif and 
sorrow this bringis to my hart, God knawis ; becaus my graittest cair hes ewer 
bein, and salbe, that I mycht end my dayis (quhilk I am persuadit sail not be 
many) at peace with God and in your maiesties obedience. My dewtifull 
affectioun to your hienes commandementis I remitt to your maiesties memorie, 
and my queat behauiour in religioun, the presbiteries quhair I remanit can beir 
record ; for I beleif your maiestie hes not hard ony coraplainttis of me in 
particular sene your maiesties pertting frome Scotland. Newir the less, as I am 
informit, the kirk intendis to wse ane sommer process against me, except that 
your gratius maiestie find out and grant me some remeid. The suit quhilk 
^ Original in Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, 33. 1. II. No. 73. 

of graice only I crawe (gif it pleis not your hienes to ease me with ane better) is, 
ether to depert this cuntrie, conform to your hienes licience allradie grantit, with 
suirtie not to returne, or els, that it walJ pleis your maiestie to confyne me 
within ane of my awin houssis and so many myllis about the same, quhair I am 
glaid to leif as ane priuat subiect, and newir to medill me with publict affairis 
bot be your maiesties derectioun. The experience of your maiesties accustumat 
clemencie towardis me imbauldis me to this heumbill petitioun, and gif it war not 
the estait and a matter of conscience, I protest befor God, I wald haue bein laith 
to haue truiblit your maiestie with sic suittis ; and yit ane thing I moist humblie 
intrait your maiestie to mak deference of men conforme to thair deseruing ; and 
thus, in kising your maiesties princlie hand, I pray God to send your maiestie 
lang lyf and prosperus reign. 

Your maiesties moist heumbill and obedient subiect, 

V. D. Erll Anguss. 
To the King, his most excellent and gracious maiestie. 

171. The Sa^^ie to The Same, as to his proceedings in Paris. Paris, 
16th February 1609.^ 

Pareis, this xvj of Februarij 1609. 
Pleis your sacride maiestie : Efter 1 had kissit the Frenche King his hand, at 
the desyre of sura Catholicques heir I -went to sie the Poipis Nunce, and becaus 
your hienes ambassadour (qulia discharges ane faithfull and honorable dewtie to 
your maiestie) had gottin intelligence by my knawledge of sum speiches that past 
betuixthe Xunce and me concerning your maiestie, he thocht it expedient to set 
doun the same be letter. Bot becaus it war langsum to trobill your princlie 
eaires with so prolixt ane frivolous purpois, I have writtin the same in ane letter 
to Sir Alexander Hay, your maiesties secretair, to the effect that gif your 
maiestie pleissis, ye may at ony iydill hour reid the same ; for besyd that I am 
your maiesties subiect, the greit clemencie and favour I have resauit by vtheris at 
your hienes handis hes mair nor oblesit rne to manteane your maiesties honour 
and reputatioun at all tymes quhen occasioun presentis, quhairof, God willing, I 
sail never be forzetfull. So praying God to grant your maiestie aboiff ws ane 
lang and prosperous rigne, I humelie kiss your hienes hand. 

I rest ever, your maiesties heumbill nnd faythfull subiect, 

V. D. Erll Anguss. 

1 Original in Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, 33. 1. III. No. 6. 


172. The Same to The Same, desiring leave to return to Scotland for a 
short time. Paris, 30th October IGOO,^ 

Paris, the penult of October [1000]. 
Please your sacred raaiesty : At my last pairting from Scotland, the tyrae couteinet 
iu the charge was onlie xx dayes, videlicet, from the 18 of October to the 10 of 
November exclusiue, to passe out of your maiesties dominions iu Scotlam!, so 
that I could not haue suthcient tyme to establish sick solide ordour Avitli my 
affiiires as was requisite for so lang absence. Xow, seing it lies pleaset your 
hienes to grant me the beuefite of my leaning during the rest of my dayes, I will 
most humbly entreate your maiesty ^7Jon my knies be this present, that I may 
haue licence to returne to Scotland for some fyue or sax monethes only, vpon sick 
conditions as your maiesty pleases till enioyne, that I may put ordour to the 
disorderet estate of my ieauing, whilk can not be done without my awen presence 
to my great losse, and is now all out of forme and ordour, and that I may giue 
my last guduicht to my contrey, familie, and friendes, for I am become now auld 
and seakly, and within short tyme will be vnable to trauell. Gif it sail please 
your maiestie to grant me this grace of your princely clemency, the caution for 
my returne sail stand, as they ar alreddy obliged, and I will think my selfe Ijound 
in conscience to pray daylie for your maiesties prosperous regne and royall 
posterity. Thus, kissing with all humility your princely hand, I rest now and ever. 
Your maiesties most humble and faithfull subiect, 

V. D. Erll Anguss. 

173. Warrant by King James the Sixth in favour of William, tenth 
Karl OF Angus, Clmi \Q,10. [Draft.]- 
Whereas the French ambassadour, in the name of his maiestie the young King 
[Louis XIIL of France], and the Quein his mother, hath made moste earnest suite 
vnto vs, on the behalfe of the Earle of Angus, to graunte vuto him such assurance 
of his estate as the lawes of that our kingdome could attborde; and seeing it 
was neuer our intention that hee should be more hardly dealte withall then the 
Marquis of Huntley or the Earle of Errolle (whose obstinacy in their religioun is 
no lesse then his), and seeing that their liuinges are putte to a pointe for their owne 
benefite, and his only of the thrie remayneth yet vnsetled : We haue thought good 
by these presentes to require yow, not only to take the like order with his estate as 

Original in Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, 33. I. III. No. 28. " Ibid. 33. 1. I. Xo. 40. 

has bein taken \vith those of the other two, and to cause a signatour for that effects 
be sent vnto vs, but likewise, if any difficulty do occurre which may any way 
hinder the same, that you eyther by your selues take it away, or then aduertise 
vs, that wee may determine therein according as wee shall see cause ; and williug 
this to be done with all conuenient expeditioun, we, etc. 

174. William, eleventh Earl of Angus, afterwards first Marquis of 
Douglas, to King J.uies the Sixth, as to reports against the Earl. 
Douglas, 10th October 1615.^ [Holograph.] 

Douglas, the 10 of 8ber 1615. 
Pleis your most gratious ]\Iaiestie : As it wes my no small greiff when I onder- 
stoude of the sinister and vrongous misreporte of me, conserning my professioun 
in religeoun (the spreaderis of these calumnies, vpone tlier conceaved advantage of 
the far distance of place, presuming that the partie whome they intend to vronge 
salbe condemned before hearing), so it is vnto me no small conforte to be the 
subiect of so gratious a soueraigne with whome no detractioun hath place, nor 
any evir be him convict unheard ; bot still reserving the one eare to the pairtie 
accused, whereof I haue found the particular prowife in this calumny laitly 
vttered againes me by Mr. Kobort Wilkie, in that your maiestie Aves pleased nott 
to trust wliat ves vttered vntill trayll Aves taiken therof be my Lord Santandros ; 
and laitest, your maiestie did derect Sir liobert Douglas to bring your hines 
sertentie heirin, vho no dout befor this tyme hes certified your maiestie how far 
I haue bene \Tonged in that bussynes, where the pretendit zeale whereof some 
makes professioun causs them forgett both honestie and discretioun. Alwayes it 
may veill content me to indure that which too often and most justlie hes moved 
my gratious maister and soueranes owen patience. I doe not intend to be in the 
reverance of any of these people, if they will deliuer no more then treuth, and if 
your maiestie wald be pleased to direct my Lords St. Androis and Glasgow to 
provyid many of our kirkes heir vith sick as wald not press to su[»plie there vant 
of good doctrine and paynes, and there private instructioun, with a pretendit 
outward schaw and pretence of devoted zeale, no doubt it wald try a great meaufs 
to strethen them who ar meanly grouudit, and to releyue many vho daylie fall 
away. It is now four yeares since your maiestie had a letter of my handvritt, 
which may giue full assurance of my professioun. Intreatting therfor humble 
your maiestie to rest confident, notwitiistanding of whatevir salbe informed to the 
* Original iu Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, 33. 1. VI. Xo. 43. 


contrarie, vntill I sail refuiss the tuichstone of all dew tryall in geuing full satis- 
factione to the most -worthie fatheries of the church, uiul secunditt by these vho 
serve cuire vnder them, as they themselves doe most vorthely discharge there 
owen rowmes, and gives reasone of your maiesties most just praiss in making so 
good choice. And praying the Almichtie God long to continow your maiesties 
long and most liappie gratious gouernament ower ws, I kiss yur sacred hand, and. 

Your maiesties most devtifull subicct and seruitour, 


To my most gratious and dreid soueraigne, the Kingis most exceUent 

175. The Privy Council of Scotland to King Charles the First, 
remonstrating against the restraint upon the Earl of Lothian. Edin- 
burgh, 3d November 1643.^ 

Most sacred soverane, having hard diverse rumors of the Earle of Lothian's 
restraint, and haveing this day ressaved a petition frome his ladie in his behalfe, 
altho the confidence wee have of your majesties royal justice will not suffer ws to 
give beleife to anie suche surmise, yit the duetie wee ow your majestie, and our 
respect to the just libertie and freedome of this kingdome, doth move ws to putt 
your majestie in remembrance, that as the said Earle his employment and 
negotiatioun wes for the priviledges and immunities whiche your majesties subjects 
of this kingdome did enioy in France, and the alliance betuix the kingdomes, so 
wes he be your majesties special warrand and auctoritie direct frome the Councell, 
who are entrusted witli the admiuistratioun and government of affaires for the 
good and peace of this kingdome. And for further demonstratioun of his duetie 
and of the respect of ws your majesties Counsell from whome he wes sent, he 
made his addresse before his going to France to ressave your majesties com- 
mandments, and vpon his returne come to give your majestie ane accompt of 
his negotiatioun, then whiche wee know no way could better witnes the heich 
regard wee have of your majesties royal auctoritie without derogating frome the 
laufuU priviledge and freedome of this your majesties ancient and native kingdome ; 
Avhiche being taken into your majesties consideration, and pondering in the ballance 

^ From Original in the Marquis of Lothian's Charter-chest. 

of your righteous judgment how muthe all kingdomes and states are enterest in 
the saiftie and freedome of thair legats or commissioners, Avhither sent be subjects 
to thair owne King, or frome one kingdome to another, -we trust that your 
majestie will not give place to anie suggestions or oblo<iuies which may so muche 
reflect vpon your majesties honor and justice, or give just caus of greif or discontent 
to your majesties good subjects, who cannot bot interpret what is done to thair 
legat or commissioner to be done to thame that sent him. And if he hath 
committed anie thing (as we hope he hath not) dureing the tyme of his negotiation 
against your majestie or his countrey, the fundamental! liberties and independencie 
of this kingdome and the practises of former tymes doe requyre that he be tryed 
and judged at home, in a legal way, be the ordinarie judicatories of the land, 
whiche maks ws earnestlie entreat for his libertie and saiftie from all restraint (if 
anie be), that he may returne and make known to ws the effects of his employ- 
ment. And we are confident that this our humble and just desyre, which is so 
sutable to the law of nations, to the freedome of this kingdome, and to your 
majesties justice, will not be denyed to 

Your majesties most humble and faithfull subiects and servants, 

Loudoun, Can"rius. Argyll. Mar. Eglington. 

Cassillis. Laudekdaill. Lixdesay. Angus. 

Yester. Balmekino. Burghly. Balcarres. 

To the Kinii's most sacred and excellent maiestie. 



176. Sir Symon Musgrave, English Warden, to Archibald, eighth Earl 
OF Angus, craving redress for depredations committed by Liddesdale 
men. Bewcastle, 21st October lo7o. 

It maie please your Lordship to be aduertised, that since the late trobles dyd aryse 
betwene Sir Johne Foster and Mr. Carmichaell and the breakinge vp of the 
commissioners, there hathe bene divers spoyles made by the Lidisdales within my 
office, as by a sedule thereof your Lordship shall perceyve. "Whereof I haue 
thought good, nowe, at your beinge vpou the Borders, to compleane me vnto your 
Lordship, and to crave that the same maie be redressyd accordinge to justice, as 
I will do the like for any offencis committed by any vnder my rule to any of 
youris (as peraduenture there hathe bene some sence that tyme). And further, if 
any of mjme denay to haue offendyd, and yett are giltie, I wihlo that in me lyethc 
to fyle them ; and will deliuer them as fowle, so that I maie receyve the like 
justice of your Lordship ; and than, no doubt but all offencis shalbe knowne and 
ponished accordinglye. 

Where in my said sedule I compleane of Richies Martine for two horses he 
stole fro me, if it wold please your Lordship to be so muche my good Lord as to 
send some of your Lordships seruauntis to searche his house, I think they shold 
fynd one of them closely kepte within his house. 

There are diuerse vther attemptatis wnansweryd, that Mr. Carmichaell, by his 
indenture, is bound to answere, which I will stale vntill his returne, onelesse 
your Lordship think them mete to be callyd vpon. And so, craving your Lord- 
ships determination in the premisses, with this bearer, my seruaunt, whome I haue 
directyd to attend of your Lordship for the same, I take my leave of your 
Lordship. At Bewcastle, this xxi**^ of October 1575. 

Your good Lordships to command in all lefuU maner, 

Symon Musgraue. 

To the right honorable my verie good larde the Erie of Angus. 

177. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, 
as to a hawk lent by him to Nesbett, Baron of Dalziel. Eslington, 
31st October 1575. 

Right honorable, pleaseath your good Lordship to vnderstand, that on Xesbett, 
barrene of Dyell, cam to my hovse abovt Chrystinmas last, and I having a good 
goishavk, Avhich cost me xx nobles sterlynge, and by mysfortone had broken 
sundry of her fethers in blvd, so that she covkl not fle at partrage that year, 
earnestlye desiryd me that I wold let hym have the keping of my havk and he 
wold cot her for me ; at whose request I was content, and, movnthly after, I send 
and vyset hir vntyll the truble of the Read Swyre chansed. And comeing from 
your Lordship at Hutonhall, "William Hvme and I met the said barrene ; and I 
ask hym for my havk, he answered that a wod dog had kyld hir, and so departed 
from vs. I am credebly informed that my havk is at this present tyme in his 
keping in the Mars, and haj'tli kyled boyth heron and goyse. This berar wyll 
informe your Lordship, who wyll prove in his face that he hayth hir. Tharfor, 
I must humbly crave your Lordship's accustowmed help in the premisses, that 
ether your Lordship wyll tayk hir to your ovne vse, or els help me to hir agane 
with sped, for I dovt les he ether convay hir, or els do hir some hurt. I delivered 
my Lord Regent graces letter to the young Lard of Cesfurd conserning my oxene, 
and can get no justice. T have sent to my Lord Regent grace agayne, when your 
Lordship was at Jedworth, and as yet I hear not agayne. If I sped not I wyll 
cavse a gentelman or tvo of Scotland saye vnto your Lordship that Dand Kar is 
fovll ; for I have no other that I dar be so bold wyth in Scotland as with your 
Lordship. Hartely praying your Lordship of pardon for my baldnes at this lyme 
and all others, resting at your honor command in all lawfuU poor, as please youe 
to imploy me, as knoveth God, who preserve your honor in health, long to lyve. 
From my hovse at Eslington, the last day of October 1575. 

Your Lordships to command with sarvyse, 


To the right honorable and my very good lord, the Earle of Angus at 


178. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, Scotch Warden, to Lord Scrope, 

English Warden, postponing their meeting. Jedburgh, October 1575. 
[Old copy.] 

]^Iy verie gude Lord, efter my maist hearty commendationes in lefull maner. The 
Regentis grace, having intelligence, alsweill from zour LorJschip as otherwyse, 
of the lait attemptatis and disorders of certane the inhabitantis of Liddisdale, 
alsweill in England within your Lordschipis charge as in sum partes of this 
realme, is verie desirous to see the otfenssis redressit and the offendouris pvnist. 
and that in sa substantious maner as the gude subiectis of baith the realmes heir- 
efter sail, God willing, leif the mair quietlie. For that purpois, and sum \i;her 
occasionis, hes a conventioun of sum of the nobilitie and states, about the xxiiij 
of this moneth, quhilk put him in sum doubt of my directioun hether, wer not he 
had writtin sa expreslie to zour Lordschip of my cuming, and that my delay 
mycht partly haue encouragit the thevis. For the present, having sa schort u 
tyrae of remaning befoir the said conventioun, I can nather keip a meting with 
zour Lordschip as I thocht, nor hald a court in Liddisdaill ; only I am to inquire 
the state of the cuntrie, and to louke quhat willing obedience I sail find, intend- 
ing, howsoeuir it be, vpoun the end of the same conventioun, to returne againe 
sa prouidit as I hoip to caus thingis then be ansuerit and redressit to zour gude 
lyking and contentatioun. In the meantyme, gif zour Lordschip sail find ony 
redres and amendment offerit be the offendouris, ze will accept it as ze see caus ; 
for vpoun my awin aganecuming, quhilk salbe sa schortlie as possiblie I can, 
zour Lordschip sail see guidwill and travell vsit to supplie all thing now wanting. 
And sa for the present I commit zour Lordschip in the protectioun of Almichtie 
God. At Jedburgh, the of October 1575. 

Zour Lordshipis verie assurit in all lefull maner. 

To the richt honorable my verie gude lord, the Lord Scrope, Lorde Warden 
of the West ]\Iarche of England foranent Scotland. 

179. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, 
as to dispute with Sir John Forster. Eslington, 14th December 1575, 

Right honorable, my lawfull and dewe commendations vnto your Lordship 
remembred. Pleasethe yow to vnderstand that Sir John Forster chargethe me 
that I did promysse your Lordship to disprove all his woords which he alledged 



for him concerning the Reed Swyer, and that all the fault was in him, which 
I denyed. He aunswered agayne that one of the best of the east end 'of tlie 
Marshe wold prove it in my lace, afore any noble man in En-land. I have bene 
an earnest dealer with Sir Jhon Forster to bring it to a tryall, or els to knowe 
the man's nam, as this bearor can infonue your Lordshipp, trusting that vour 
Lordshipp will witnesse whether ever I mayd your Lord.shipp any suche prom^isse 
or that ever your Lordshipp dyd charge me with any such matter. I was informed 
that your Lordshipp should have bene at a bankett afore Christenmnas, and therefor 
I have sent yow suche venyson as I could gett, of the very best in this cowntrye 
and a cowple of hounds. I trust there is a gentleman that will inform your 
Lordshipp of my oxen, which I have oftymes tru])led your Lordship withall I 
have more nead of your Lordshipp's help nowe for my hawk then I had afore 
for that I have non. My Lord Hunsden got hir that your Lordshipp gave me' 
Thus bold to trouble your Lordshipp mth sundrye tryfling cawses, cravin- 
perdon for the saj-me, and remayning at your Lordshipps command, with full 
power I committ yow to God, who preserve your Lordshipp in honour and 
healthe long, to his pleasur. From my house at Eslington, the xiiij"' daye of 
Decembre 1575. 

Your Lordship's to command with lawfull servys, 

To the right honorable my very good lord, the Earle of Angus. 

ISO. Sir John Forster, English Warden, to James, Eaul of Morton, 
Regent of Scotland, craving redress for spoliation committed by certain' 
Douglases. Hexham, 6th May 1576. 

Maie it please your grace to be advertise<l, that Mongoe Duglas of Reipup, and 
Mathew Dowglas, with other there copartners, have come to a place called the 
Newe Hall, within my office of the Midell .Marches, and have made an open rieffe 
and fan-owe of a verie poore man, called Robertt Gibsoun, and tooke from hym 
tMrtie oxen and kye ; and for that there is no tyme of meitenge, by meanes of the 
distaunce nowe of the BonU-rs that no meitenges doo holde, necessitie forceth me 
to be an vmbell sutor vnto your grace, becawse the Warden doeth ansewere but 
for a certeyne that your grace will geve order that the poore man maie be restored 
to his goodis ageyne, as I shalbe readie in this tyme, nowe vacant, as I have bene 
as I trust Mr. Carmichaell will confesse, that I did vppon his letter sent, as I 


shalbe reaJie to doo in that, or in any other thinge youre grace will commaunJe 
me with, that male be a contynewance of the peace and quietnes of the Borders 
betwene the realmes. Even so praienge your graces ansewere by this berer, even so 
committenge your grace to the mercifull defence of th' Almightie. At Hexham, 
this vi*^ of Maie 157G. 

Your graces leifull \Tnbelie to commaunde, 

John Forster. 
To the right honorable and my verie good lorde, the Lord Regentis grace of 
Scotlaund, to his good grace. 

181. The S.a^ie to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, in reference to 
various matters on the Borders. Hexham, 16th May 15 76. 

Maie it please your Lordshippe to be advertised. Your Lordshippes letter, dated 
at Jedbrughe, the xiiij*'' of Maie instant, the xvi*'^ of this present, perceavenge 
therebie that your Lordshippes affaires so requires, that your Lordship coulde not 
make any longer staie, wherebie, if you had, I woulde gladlie have geven my 
attendance vppon your Lordship there for the takenge order of all attemptates 
done, and accordenge to your Lordshippes dyrection. I shalbe readie to make 
present redresse for the thinges in your Lordshippes bill named, all but for on, which 
is for the horsse that Douglas claymeth, which is a great while goe, and yet for that 
shall seie redresse made to your Lordshippes contentment, althoughe the Inglishe 
man claymeth he tooke the said Douglas in Englishe grounde, which restetli 
vppone prouffe, and thereffore not onelie in this your Lordships desire, but in 
anye other thinge your Lordship can thinge [think] a mayntenance of the amytie 
and peace for the realme of Scotlaund, I shall, for the partt of Englaund, willengelie 
joyne to seie the same putt in execution, and also will in tyme to come, in all 
other attemptates, if your Lordshi}) so thinke it requisitt, that what so ever yow 
ma saie of your honor that haeth filed th^ realme of Englaund, to make present 
deliuerie thereof, trustenge your Lordship will seie that I maie receave the like of 
your Lordship, or those by you assigned for the partt of Englaund, and inspeciallie, 
that your Lordshi[» will take order that the poore man Gibsoun maie be restored 
with his goodes, fur that the same was an open rieffe, as I shall seie the like for 
John of Larnarstarnebirne, the spedies[t] deliuciance shalbe an occasione of staie of 
all the rest and a daunteneng to the thieves, and accordenge to your Lordshippes 
letter. For Bondgedbrughe and the Laird of Hunthill, I have written a letter 


vnto them, and will, in any thinge that shalbe dyrected by them, as your Lordship 
assignes, doe that which vnto justice apperteyneth. Trusting your Lordship will 
geve them the dyrection in like maner that I maie receave. For nether for theis 
attemptates nor any other that maie be acceptable to you, but I shalbe readie, all 
that in me, I maie lawfullie satisfie your Lordships desire at your commaundement. 
My Lord, for the matter for Douglas horsse, sence that attemptat done, there 
haeth bene xP^ committed in Englaund, and yet I have made no clayme but for 
open rieflfes. And this I vmbelie take my leave of your Lordshipi)e, committeng the 
same to the merciful! defence of th' Almightie. At Hexham, this xvi'^' of Maie 

Your Lordshippes assured, leifulUe to commaund, 

John Forster. 
To the right honorable and my verie good lord, the Earle of Angus. 

182. The Sa^ie to Willia:vi Douglas of Bonjedward, relating to Border 
crimes. Hexham, 29th May 1576. 
Afteh my verie hartie commendacions in leifull maner. Theis are to advertice 
yow that, the xxiiij*^^ of this present moneth, Marten Crosier and his sonn Marten. 
Robert Crosier, Martens brother, Arche Crosier, Adams Archie, and Jaymey 
Crosiers sonn, ridenge of Jaymes Trumbells horsse of Stoneyleache, and John 
Trumbelles of Repperlawe, came to Tyndale, and there entended to have slayne 
Arche liobsone, Stoanehouse sonne ; and he beingc gone to the Queuis maiesties 
court to Warike, the mett with a younge childe called Henrie Robson, being 
Jefferey Robsous sonn of the Stoanehouse, whoe the haue murdered and slayne 
verie cruellie ; which I have thought good to advertyce the Lord of Angus 
of, and yow, for that I take it somewhat towchoth his creditt and yours, being 
appoynted his deputie nowe in his absence. The thinge is not sufferable, and if 
some spedie ponishement be not made herein, it will tome to more vnconvenience. 
I have staled the parties greved as yet, while I heare further from his Lordship 
and yow, praieng you to conveie this my letter to his Lordship, and to send me 
his ansewere, for that I have appoynted this berer to tarie for the same. And 
this I bid yow tfarwell. At He.\iiam, the xxix'*^ of Maie 1576. 

Your lovenge and leifull freiud, 

John Forster. 
To the worshipfull and my verie loveng frtinde, the Lard Abundgedwoorde, 
theis yeve. 


183. The Same to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, informinL; him of 
a cruel murder. Hexham, 29th May 157G. 

Maie it please your honor to be advertised that, on Tiiursedaie last, beinge the 
xxiiij'^ of this present moneth, Marten Crosier, accompayned ' with his sonn 
Marten, Robert Crosier brother of ^Vlarten, Arche Crosier, Adams Archie, 
Jeymey Crosiers sonn, ridenge of Jeymey Trumbells horsse of Stoneyleache, and 
John Trumbell of Repperhiwe, whoe have come into Tyndale, and there pretended 
to have slayne Archey Rolison, Stoaneliouses sonn, whoe being gone to the Queues 
maiesties courte to Warike, did misse hyra, and after went and killed on Heurie 
Robsoun, the sonn of Jetferey Robsoun, verie cruellie, beinge a verie younge 
childe of xvj yeres of age, in cuttenge of on of his legges, and dismembred hym 
verie tyrantlie. I think theie have offered your honor greate iniurie, that theie 
should this behave them selves, conciderenge the amitie nowe betwene the realmes. 
I thought good to advertice your honor thereof, trusteuge your honor will seie 
thes there doenges to be reformed, to th' example of others ; ffor, notwith- 
standeng this there interprise and open facte, this notorious done, I have staled 
the parties greved, while I maie vnderstand further your honors pleasure, which 
I praie you I maie be advertised of with all speide, for otherwaies it maie geve 
an occasion of further vnconvenience to growe. And this I committ your honor 
to the mercifull dt^fence of th' Almightie. At Hexham, the xxix^*^ of ]\laie ir)76. 
Your honors leifull vmbelie to commaunde, 

John Forster. 

To the right honorable and my verie good lordc, the Earle of Angus, Lord 
Livetenent of the ^Marches of Sootlaund. 

184. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Forster, in answer 
to the above. Dalkeith, 5th June 1576. [Contemporary copy.] 

My Lord, efter my richt herty commendationes. I ressauit zour lettre the fourt 
day of this present moneth, schawing how Martyne Croser, togidder with sum 
vtheris of that name, hath cum within zour office in Tyndell, and that, purposing 
to haue slayne Arche Robsoun, Staneliousis sone, hath missit him, and thaireftei- 
went and hath slayne Henry Robsoun, sone to Jatfray Robsoun. I am sorey that 
ony sic attemptat suld fall out, cheitlie in this tyme of sa great quietnes, the 

realmes being at sic amytie ane with another ; assuring your Lordschip I will see 
sic order taken for pvnishement of it as sail stand to zoure contentment, not 
doubting but as sic occasionis fallis out, to ressaue the like at zour handes. It is 
not vnknawin to zow how that thir men qulia is the doaris of this deid, had 
thre of there brethir slayue in the tynie of peax, quha I doubt not will complene 
sa sone as I preis to take order with tharne for this offence laitly committit, not 
meaning vtherwyse bot sufficient order salbe takin for it. There is lykwyse 
sum billis quhilkis I send to zour Lordschip at my being in Jedburgh, quhilkis, 
as I vnderstand, ar not zit redressit, quhairof I mon put zour Lordschip in 
remembrance, that the complenaris may be satisfeit, in respect the guidis 
quhilkis wer takin be Mathew Douglas wer, soone eftir my returning out of the 
cuntrie, deliuerit. Thairfore I doubt not bot ze will se sic order takin as they 
guidis, togidder with ^Mathew Douglas hors, may be restorit. This, having na 
forder occasioun for the present, I commit zour Lordschip to God. At Dalkeith, 
the fyft day of Junii 1576. 

Zour Lordschipis assurit freind to my pouer. 

185, Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, as to his 
sureties to the late Earl of Murray, Regent. Alnwick, 27th October 

JVL\IE it please your honor to be advertised. Your honors letter, dated the xvii'** 
of this present, I receaved the xxiii*^ of this instant, together with a copie of a 
band supposed that I shoulde have made to your late Regent, the Earle of JMurrey 
decessed ; and, accordenge to the purport of your said letter, I have receaved your 
clarcke for widowe Headlies bill, havenge deliuered hjTn ageyne, either to enter at 
the nexte meitenge as on made worthe the some, or elsse, that a faltor, beinge a 
principall conteyned in the said bill, male be deliuered. 

And even so for Gawen Collengewoodes bill, accordenge to your honors desire, 
have spared the same while the nexte meitenge ; but whereas it pleaseth your 
honor to chardge me by the supposed bonde, that I shoulde have made to the 
said late Regent for the good behavior of certeyne of the Forsters dwellenge in 
Greane Hawghe vnder Johaine Forster of Eddessepefoate, I assure your honor I 
cannot call to my remembrance that ever I made anye suchc bande, but if I did, 
I truste the same be nowe deschardged, by reason the Earle of Murrey is nowe 
departed, and in like maner Joahin Forster. Yet, notwithstandenge, I shall, for 


pleasure of your honor, vse my endevor with all expedition, all that in me lieth, 
that neither the said attemj^tatis, nor anye other offenJenge your honor, shall have 
any recoursse within my office, or be receyved by anye that are towardis me 
otherwaies then shalbe ansewerable to your honor or your deputies. 

And lastelie, shall make my acquayntance with such as are my freindis in 
the West Borders, to be readie to vse and shewe your deputie Mr. Hvme, now 
keper of Lidesdale, any pleasure theie can, in repulse of any thieffe or traitor 
that shall resiste hym ; and I, myselfFe, readie in any thinge that I leifullie maie 
to pleasure your honor with, as knoweth th' Almightie God, to whose holie 
protection I commit your honor. At my house nighe Alnewicke, the xxvii'-'' of 
October 1576. 

Your honorable Lordeshippes leifull vmbelie to commaunde, 

John Fokster. 

To the righte honorable and my verie good lorde, the Earle of Angus, Lorde 
Livetennent-Generall of Scotland, to his good lordship. 

186. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, 
claiming redress against the Laird of JNIow. Eslington, 1-ith November 

Right honorable, pleasethe yow to be advertised that I have billed the Lard of 
Mowe servauntis to owre daye trewe for four score old sheep thay have of myne 
sence Christynmas last, which billis the Lard hathe qwit his men of; and then 
I desyred the Lard of Sesforthe to affyrm his oythe vpon his honour, which he 
wold not do, and further sayd he wold nether qwit nor fyll tho.-^e billis except 
your Lordshipp commanded hyme. Therfor I humbly beseache your Lordshijip 
to call the Lard of Sesforthe afore yow and ether to cawse him qwyt or fvle thame, 
confirmen to your Lordshippis order mad in Jedvvourthe, for withowt your Lord- 
shippis help I will gett no justice in this matter, which is manefestlye knowen to 
the holi countre, as this berour cann declayre,by whom I have sent your Lordshipp 
a cowple of good and fleet hundis, and yf yt please your Lordshipp to have as 
fleet a brache, and tugher then ever maiden was, and oppen with all, I shall send 
yow hir, and what other hundis ye will command not to fayll. I mynd to 
charge your Lordshipp no more for short wynged hawkis, thay luck so evill with 
me j but another year I will desyre lange wynged. Thus, resting at your Lord- 




shippis command in aU that I maye lawfully do, as knowethe God, who pres^ 
your Lordshipp in honoui- and health long to his pleasur. At Eslington, the 
xini'iidaye of ^ovembre 157G. 

Your Lordshippis to command with lawful! servyse, 


To the right honorable the Karle of Angus, Lord Levtennant of Scotland. 

187. John Selby of Twysell, Deputy Warden of the East :\rarch of En-land 
to Archibald, eighth Kirl of Angus, Lieutenant-General oi the' 
Scottish Borders, as to redress for offences on the Border. Ber%Wck, 
17th November 1576. 

Pleaseth yonr Honor, I receaved a letter frome Sir John Foster, lord ward 
of the midill marches of England, ymporteng that your Honor had wrvten vou: 
lettre latlye vnto hym, signefieng therbye that your Honor will be m^dfull of 
the redresse of thatt odyeouse attempt of the presoners lat taken into Ledisdall 
and some of them as yet retayned as gage for ranson of the otliers. 

And the owt crye of my cuntrye, seyng the great misvseng of the Queueis 
maiesties my soveraigns subiectis, make me the rather to signiefie vnto your 
Honor herof, not dowtteng your Honors spedye redrese and reforaatieon herin 

Di.ierouse to vnderstand wherin I might do your Honor anve lefull pleasure 
in thesse partis, the which I shalbe readye to accomplesh to your Honors good 
pleasure, as knoweth the Almightie, who I besech to preserue your Honor to his 
havenlye will and pleasure. 

Frome Berwick, the xvii*^ of Xovembre anno 1576. 

Your Honors moste humbly in lefull manner, 

Jhon Selby. 
To the right honorable the Rirll of Angus, Lord Leuetenant of the south 
partis of Scottland. 

188. The Same to The Same, urging stronger measures of repression on the 
Border. Berwick, 26th January 1576. 

RiGHTE honorable, in lefull manner, pleaseth your Honor to call to remembrance 
your lat order made with Sir John Foster, lord warden of the midill marches 
of England, at Jedbrughe, as tucheng the reformation of the disorders of the 


Borders, and especiallie sence the Read SAvyer, whervppon I wrott vnto my Lord 
Ilunsden, lord governour and lord warden of thesse east marches of England, who 
liked well therof and agred to the same ; and vppon his Honors answer of 
agreeng thervTito, I sent the roullis of England to the Lord of Cesforth, your 
Honors warden, who receaved them. I loked to haue receaved his complentis, }*f 
he had anye. I thinke he haith none. I nether haue the complentis of England 
answered, accordeng to the said order taken, nor daieis of metteng appoynted ; 
the Queneis maiestieis subiectis daiylie and nightlie spoylled ; within this xiiii 
dayes, x or xii spoyllesis commetted, and, as I am informed, by them of East 
Tevedall, and especyallie by frendis of John Davesons of the Hollfield, who 
haith one complent in controversie, and I readye to obserue that order latt sett 
downe at Rydengbome by the goodman of ^Nlanderston and Lord Treabroune, who 
was sent from the Lord liegente ; and the same Daveson denyeth the accom- 
pleshement of the said order, as I shall well prove. Yf yt maye please your 
Honor that ther maye be a daye of meteng appoynted, I shall mete with your 
offeceris, who shall want notheng of the partie of England that maye appertavTie 
to justice, not dowbteng but to fynd the like, wheras best tryall maye be in 
whosse default the staye of justice haith bene. Trusteng your Honor will con- 
seder of thesse greatt spoylleis made vppon the Queneis maiestis subiectis, and 
thatt metengis maye be appoynted with expedeceon ; thus, leaveng to troble your 
Honor anye further, lokeng for your Honor's good answer Avith expedecyeon, I 
take my leave. Frome Berwick, this xxvi*^^ daye of Januarii anno 1576. 
Your Honors most humblie in lefull manner, 

Jhon Selby. 

To the right honorable the Earll of Angus, Lord Levetenant in the southe 
partis of Scotland, yeve thesse. 

189. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to John Selby of Tw^'sell, in 
answer to the foregoing. Holyrood House, 2d February 1576. [Copy.] 

After my very hertle commendationes. I haue ressauit zour lettre, putting 
me in rememberance of the lait order taken be me ^Wth the lord Avarden of 
the middle marche of England, tueching the reform of the disorders on the 
Bordouris, and how ze send zour rollis to the Lard of Cesfurde, louking to haue 
ressauit his complaynt ; howbeit ze can nowther haue ansuer, as ze write, at his 
handis, nor dayes of meting appointed. As to the order taken at Jedburgh, 

I traist ze sail find na inlaik for thame that I haif appointed my deputis to 
meit and mak ansuer lor; and the like I tliink the Lard of Cesfurd sail not be 
found vn willing to do at zour desyr. Johne Davisonis mater is indeid mair hard 
and strangely vsed then I wald wishe, or quhair gude meaning is to interteane 
the amytie and gude nychtbourheid ; and the delay to rander . that puir man 
reassoun I se discouragis ws all to proceid with that ernestnes that heirtofor hes 
apperit on my part. And to be plane, I think gif the Regentis grace had not 
louked for sum better effect to follow on zour meting with the gentilmen that 
couferrit with zow at Reddenburn, he had neyther troublit him self nor thame as 
he did in that behalf. Quhat wes the order taken laitly at Reddenburn I can 
not affirme, and gif I did, I wald see how the gentehnen that convenit with zow 
agreed with zour report. In sic a mater I think ane indent, interchangeably 
subscriuit, suld best testifie zour conclusionis. In end, I say that nane is mair 
sorey of disorders nor my self, nor salbe mair cairfull to see hir maiesties subiectis 
dewtifully ansuerit and redressit, finding the like. And sa, wisheing for sum 
better and freindly ansuer in this mater, even as ze wald haue my awin guidwill 
the rather ernestly employed in the generall, committis zow in the protectioun of 
God. At Halyruidhouse, the secund of Februar 1576. 

Zour loving freind to my pouer. 

To my loving freind Johnne Selby of Twysell, deputy wardane of the eist 
marche of Scotland foranent England. 

190. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, as to 
depredations on the English Borders. Alnwick, 9th February 1576. 

Mate it please your Honor to be advertised, that I have receaved a letter with 
certeyne roles frome the Larde Abundgedworthe, concernenge certeyne attemptates 
committed sence our laste meitenge, at whiche meitenge the said Lard Abundged- 
worthe refused to ansewere for Liddesdale. In like maner, by occasion of the 
Lard of Cesfordes longe absence, no ansewere haeth ben made or receaved, althoughe 
diuerse greatt attemptates haeth ben, and are dailie committed by the evell people 
of that cuutrie. The premises concidered, I thoughte it good to impartt the 
same vnto your Honor, even so praieuge your ansewere in writenge with all 
expedition, at whose handes I shall receave justice for those twoo boundes. The 
tyme of the yere sarveth no we verie well that some meitengcs might be appoynted 


which I, for the partt of Englaund, shalbe readie to doo in all respectis accordenge 
to the order made betwene your Honor and me at Gedbroughe. My verie good 
Lorde, I deliuered Will Headlies sonn, of the Sills, to Gawen Elwoodd, whoe 
dealeth verie hardelie with hym, and his mother is not abell to relewe her said 
sonn onlesse your Honors helpe her with the deliuerie of her bill, which I haitelie 
praie yow, that the rather at this my desire she maie receave at the writenge of 
this my letter. Vppon occasion of vrgentt affaires, Mr. Selbie, the deputie 
warden of the east marches, was with me, and declared that he had imparted 
vnto the Lorde Hunsedoun, lord warden of the east marches, of the said 
agrement taken betwene your Honor and me, who esteamed verie well thereof, 
and dyrected hym to followe that order for any attemptates committed within his 
said office ; and yet, he saieth he cannot get the like redresse at the Lard of 
Cesfordes handes, althoughe he haeth sent in his roles, and as yet haeth not 
receaved any ansewere of them, nor any countervaile roles. And this, resteng of 
your Honors ansewere, I doo, for this present, committ your Honor to Godes 
dyrection. At my house nighe Alnew^ck, this ix"' of Februarie 1576. 
Your honorable Lordshippes leifullie to commaund, 

John Forster. 

To the right honorable and my verie good lord, the Earle of Angus, Lorde 
Livetennent of the Borders of Scotland, to his good Lordship. 

191. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, 
Lord-Lieutenant of the Scottish Border, praying for redress against 
the Laird of Bon Jedward, etc. Eslington, 1 3th February 1576. 

Right honorable, my lefull service and dewtye remembred. Pleasethe your 
Lordship to be advertysed, that, wher your Lordships letter was, that I should 
have justice according to lawe and custom at the Lard of Bune Jedwoorthe hand 
for my bills, and withall, willed me to tayk the principall. and to do the Lard of 
Mowe ease for the rest, at your Lordships desyre I was and is content to tayk 
the principall and band for the dubles, whiche band was denyed my freindes, my 
self being absent that day tlie Lard of Bune Jedwoorthe trysted. Vntill your 
Lordships pleasure be further knowen, humbly beseaching your Lordship of 
justice, withe your favor, as other men gettis that hathe vowers according to lawe 
and custom ; or yf it be your Lordships pleasure that I shall forgeve the holl 


billes, boythe dubles and principall, I will do it, or I oflFend your Lordship. But 
to spare him any thing that willfully periured him self and brake your Honors 
order, as afteihend it was vowed to your Lordship, I cannot do it withe ray 
credit ; for of layt his men hath stollen my sheep, and him self threateneth to 
kill this beror for coming my lawfull busines to your Lordship, as he cann declare, 
vnto whom I refer credit. I have provyded a huntman for your Lordship, thatt 
can blawe a horn excelent well, a yong man. Yf he can do your Lordship any 
pleasure at this present, he is ready at your command. Thus, praying your 
Lordship to send the Lard of Bune Jedwoorthe and me your resolute aunswer in 
the premisses, whiche shalbe kept on my part, or any other thing that I am able 
to do for your Lordship in England, as knowethe God, who preserve your 
Lordship in honor and health long to his pleasur. At Eslington, the xiij'^ day of 
February 1576. 

Your Lordships to command with lawfull service, 

To the right honorable the Earle of Angus, Lorde Levtennant of Scotland. 

192. John Selby to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, complaining of 
the encouragement given to the thieves of East Teviotdale. Berwick, 
16th February 1576. 

Right honorable, I haue receaved your Honors lettre of the second of this 
instaunt, perceavenge the contentis therof As tucheng the lack of mettengis, I 
signefied vnto the Lard of Cesforth heartofore, and now most humblie besechen"- 
your Honor to call fFor hym, seyng he ys, as I hear, remayneng with your Honor ; 
and I re<]uyer he maye appoynt a daye of metteng at Rydeng Borne, wher he 
shall fynd no lack of justice for the part of England, and I shall loke for the lyk. 

The lack of mettengis haith geven the theveis of East Tevedall such 
incowragment, as ther ys allniost no night, wheras ther ys not made oppen 
robberryeis of the Queneis maiesteis subiectis within the east marcheis hear. 
Ther is one man oppenlye robbed in Hawghton of his goodis and hym self slayne. 

Ther ys one other man robbed in the Spittell, and hym seilf dangerouslie hurt. 

Ther ys one man in Lowick who haith his goodis taken, and ys thought hym 
seilf will not lyve. 

AU thesse, with vij or viij attemptis done of goodis with them of East Teve- 
dall within theys marche, within these xx dayes. 


So thatt the theveis take such incowragment for lack of mettengis, and no 
man lyeng within East Tevedall to complayne vnto, that yt ys all I can to staye 
the Queneis maiestieis subiectis thus opprest frome sekeng theyr reveng, for, they 
saye, better for them to haue warns then thus nightlie to be spoylled both of 
goodis and blond, vnder the pretenc of peace. But not dowbteng your good 
Honors good expedecyeon for justice to be taken with your deputies, lokeng for 
your answer herin with speed. 

Your Honor wTytis to me as tucheng John Daveson of Whyttons goodis. I 
did therin accordeng to th' order taken at Rydeug Borne, whiche he refewsed ; 
and senth I reseaved your Honors letter I haue had with me Sir Thomas Greye and 
his tennentis, and haue streathlie charged them to fynd owt all the goodis of Jock 
a-Wyttons that ys alyve, and haue searched and fownd owtt so manye of them 
as ar alyve, as his men saith to me of theyr credettis, and this present daye 
haue sent them to the ma[r]che, wher, as I think, Jock Daveson shall thenk hym 
seilf well contented. At the least, accordeng to the order taken at Rydengborne, 
the coppie wherof I haue sent herin closed, Jock a-Whitton shall fynd justice 
at my handis in everye behalf, whan the warden and I metteis, and the rather 
at your Honors request; and yf ther be anye theng in England that I maye 
lefullye do your Honor pleasur in, I shalbe most willeng to accomplesh your 
disier, as knoweth the Almightie, who preserue your Honor to his will and 
plesure. At Berwick, this xvj*'^ day of February, anno 1576. 

Your Honors lefullye, 

Jhon Selby. 

Copy of the Order taken at Rydeng Burn, enclosed. 

At Reddingbourne, the laste of November 1576. 
It is ordened and appoynted by the worshepfull ]\Ir. Johne Selbye, deputie warden, 
Mr. Allexander Hume of Manderston, and the Lard Trabroune, that Sir Thomas 
Grey or his deputis shall send and delyver suche goodis as arre in place or 
leving to Preswen, the xiij*^ day of December next insewing, which weare John 
Davysons goodis of the Hollefyld, and were povnded within Englishe grounde, 
and for the reste of the holle goodis abone said-, which cane not be had, nor then 
delyvered at that said daye and place. 

It is appointed that the goodis wanting shalbe tryed by assyes of Englishemen 
and Scottishe men, at the next daye of Trewe holden at the este marche, and by 
theme to be tryed in whome the defavlte is ; and yf ther be any of the said goodis 


slayne by anny Englisheman, to ther owne vse, to be tride vppon and in lyck 
case to be ordened by the said assies, and to be called and joined to tlie assyes any 
Inglishman, the said Johne Daveson is plentiovs of, vppon the said complaint. 

And for John Davysons sonne Richard Davisons horse, to be tried by the 
same assies. 

And John Scottis horse, nowe in the hand of NycoU Davyson, to be tryd by 
the said assies. 

And this order to tacke efiect yf yt maye stand with my Lord Regentis 
graces pleasure. 

To the right honorable the Earll of Angus, Lord Leveteynnant of the south 
partis of Scotland, yeue thesse. 

193. Archibald, eighth K\rl of Angus, to Sir Cuthbert Collingwood, 
relative to Border affairs. [Copy.] Holyroodhouse, 18th February 

Efter my verie hertlie commendationes. I ressauit zour lettre of the xiij'^ of this 
instant, declaring be the same of the tryst betuix the Lard of Bone Jedburgh and 
sum of zoure freindis, anent the deliuery for zour billis fylit vpoun certane 
seruandis of the Lard of Mowis. I wald the mater had bene sa handillit amangis 
thame than, as it suld not haue bene neidfull to cum to ony farder trystin^^. I 
think zour awin presence at that tyme suld haue bene na litle further tcT the 
mater thay had in hand (being weill assurit of the guidwill that ayther of zow 
bearis to vther). Seing your vther affaires wes the stay of zour cuming, I think 
it salbe gude ze write to the Lard of Bone Jedburgh, that ane day" may be 
appointit of new, as zour selffis can aggre, quhairinto ze may meit zour selfRs, 
that ane end may be put to that mater. As to the gentleman in quliais fauouris 
I wrait to zow of befoir, in respect the mater is of sa litle importance, it is not 
mekle to be stucken at, for the like hes bene oftymes grantit afoir be sindrie of 
baith the realmes, with na great sute. Thairfore I refer that part of it to zour 
awin discretioun, and as ze wald that I suld do to zow quhen the like occurris. 
I thank zow for zour avrowis ze send to me. Gif I had a halk preseutlie meit for 
zour purpois, I suld be laith to be in zour dett. Alwyse, as I gett ony, ze sail 
not be forzett. Sa, leving for the present quhill farther occasioun, committis zow 
to God. At Hal^Tudehous, the xviii*'' of Februar 1576. 

Zour assured freind lefully. 


194. Sir John Forsier to William Douglas of Bonjedburgli, Deputy 
Warden for West Teviotdale, in the Middle Marches, in answer to 
complaints. Alnwick, Slst February 15 70. 

After hartie commendations in leifull maner. Your letters dated the last daie of 
Januarie I receaved, together with a scheduU of your roles of diuers attemptates 
to be redressed. Perceavenge by the contentes of your said letter, that in two 
poyntes, chieft'elie, you fynde your selfFe not fuUie ansewered, th' on concernenge a 
bill of Will Ollevers, and th' other for the bill of trublaunce of the Larde of 
Beadrowles, to the -whiche I am to replie, that for Ollevers bill, if you will of 
your honor affirme vnto me by your hande writenge that his bossond meire ffiled 
the midell marches, I shall at the nexte meitenge ffile the same, and so, for th' 
other, shall there ansewere the same as shall staunde with justice and the lawes 
of the Borders, 

And whereas, in th' end of your said letter, relacion is made that yow fynde 
your selfFe verie hardelie handlett at the handis of suche as have met yow 
as my deputeis, I my selffe am not well contented therewithe ; but in tyme to 
come shall take suche order for your enterteynement as shalbe to your owen 

And nowe, to retorne to the full ansewere of your said letter, the stale whie I 
did not write vnto you was, for that I rested vppon th' ansewere of a letter that 
I sent to the Lord of Angus, concernenge the greate and sondrie rieft'es made by 
the broken people of Lidesdale and the inhabitantis of East Tivedale, ffor that the 
kepers of those cuntries are not knowen, and, therebie, I not abell to knowe at 
whose handis I shoulde ask redresse, whiche ansewere as yet I have not receaved ; 
and conciderenge the dailie open spoiles made by those two cuntrie, and howe 
open our Borders doo lie by that meanes, have nowe thought good, once ageyne, 
to putt his Lordship in remembrance thereof, praienge you to cawse my said 
letter and the roles of Lydesdale and Easte Tivedale to be sent to his Lordshj^^pe, 
that suche as shall please hym to appoynte to be his officers for those twoo 
cuntries, male geve th' ansewere with as moche expedicion as maie be. In like 
maner, I send you a copie of the attemptats committed by the inhabitantis of 
West Tivedale vnder your boundes, whiche I praie you to concider of in like 
maner as I shall doo of yours, and that these maie have the stroke of justice as I 
shall doo vnto yours, and to send your ansewei*e of them within xiiij daies, as I 

shall doo of yours ; and "within viij daies then followenge, that a daie of deliuerie 
maie be named concemenge tlie said bills. I wishe our next meiteuge to be 
appoynted at Hexpeth gate head, and as I shall receve adverticement from you, 
even so I shall doo. Lastelie, I am to advertice yow that longe John Ehvood, 
brother to Will Elwood of the Stele, and other his accomplices, have come to my 
groundes in Hexham Sheire, and have stolen awaie a hundreth of my beast 
wethers, wherof there are arested, as I am enformed by the bailivcs of Haw-ick, 
xxxvij, which I am to praie you that I maie receve justice for at our next 
meitenge. And this, I bid you hartelie farwell. At my house nighe Alne\vicke, 
this xxj*^*^ of Februarie 1576. 

Your lovenge assured and leifull freinde, 

John Forster. 

To the worshipfull and my verie lovenge and leifull freinde, Mr. Williame 
Dowglas, Lard Abundgedbrough, deputie warden for West Tivedale, 
within the midell marches of Scotland. 

195. The Same to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, relating to Border 
depredations. Alnwick, 2 2d February 1576. 

JVIaie it please your Honor to be advertised that I did beflfore this tyme impartt 
vnto your Honor the state of our Borders, and howe that the Lard of Bundged- 
worthe, your deputie, refused to ansewere for Liddesdale or East Tivedale, whiche 
cuntries have, and dailie doo, make great spoile within my office of the middell 
marches ; and for that, as yet, I haue not receaved any ansewere of my saied 
letter, I haue thought good, in theis ffewe lynes, to putt your Honor in remem- 
brance concernenge my former letter ; and becawse there is no officer as yet 
knowen to be appoynted by your Honor to ansewere for Lidesdale, and that 
the Lard of Cesford is absent and vnknowen whether he be or contynew warden, 
I haue thought good to send unto your Honor the copie of the roles, as well of 
th' attemptatis of Lidesdale as of Easte Tivedale, vmbelie beseicheng your Honor 
that suche as shall please yow to haue the chardge of those two cuntries maie 
haue them deliuered, and that I maie receave at their handis justice, as I shalbe 
readie to doo vnto them for the partt of Englaund, receavenge the like roles 
from them. Thus, not doubteng but your Honor will have consideracione of the 
openes of our Borders at this present by meanes no meitenges of longe tyme have 


bene appojTited, I doo, for this present, committ your good Lordshippe to the pro- 
teccion of th' Almyghtie. At my house nighe Alnevvicke, this xxij"^ of Februarie 

Your honorable Lordshippes leifullie vmbelie to commaunde, 

John Forster. 

I sent your Honor a letter by Mr. Selbie of Barwick, which, I ffeare, be not 
come to your Honors handis. 

To the right honorable and my verie good lorde, the Earle of Angus, Lorde 
Livetennent of Scotlaund. 

196. The Same to The Same, complaining of cruelty to a child, and 
seeking redress. Alnwick, 2 2d February 15 76. 

Pleasethe it your Lordship to be advertised that, at the writinge of this my 
lettre, William Hedleyes wife of the Sills cam vnto me with hir chyldes fute 
rotten fra h}Tn at the juute, throwe the crewelnes of the irnes layed vpon hym 
by Gawen Elvode. I trust your Lordship will considder the cawse therof was 
for lacke of the delyverye of there bill, whiclie sholde haue bene the releif for the 
lowsinge of the childe, wheren I haue your Lordships bande for the delyverye 
therof; vther wayes they ware not able to paye Gawen Elvode. The partyes 
dothe so sclander me for lacke of delyverye therof, that I trust your Lordship 
will cawse delyverye be maid therfore without anye further delaye. Desyrynge 
your Lordships aunswer heren with this berare, I commit your Lordship to the 
Almyghtye God. At my howse nighe Alnewicke, this xxij'^ of Februarye 1576. 
Your Lordship's assured leiffullye to comande, 

John Forster. 

To the ryght honorable and my verye gude lord, the Earle of Angus, Lorde 
Lyvetennent of the sowthe partes of Scotlande, yeve theis. 

197. John Selby, Deputy English Warden, to Archibald, eighth Earl 
OF Angus, relating to trials for Border depredations. Berwick, 27th 
February 1576. 

Righte Honorable, my dewtie remembred in leffull maner. I haue caused all 
the good is that is alyve of Johne a-Whyttons to be offred him, accordinge to the 



order tacken at Reden Bovme by Mr. Allexander Hume, Larde Treebrowne, and 
I ; the coppye wheareof I Iiaue sent vnto your Honour in ray laste letter. Johne 
a-Whytton desyres that the goodis and the sysses maye be all of one daye, wher 
vnto I am contented, so that yt maye spedilye be doune ; ffor, of reason, ther shall 
no justice lacke jftbr this marche that I haue to do. 

Theis marches are delie spowld Avith the theves of Tyvedale ffor lacke of 
myttingis ; and yf your honour do not shortly appoynt your otfecer ffor Este 
Tyvedale to met, I moste sarttyfie the Lordis of the Counsell and my govarnour 
howe ofte I haue craved yt at your Honors handes, and cane not haue yt, Yt is 
verie strange, ffor one manes particular cause, that al mens showld be staid. For 
when yt comes to tryall, we haue greatter causes to crave. I wold haue thowglit 
the order sette downe by your Honour and my lord warden of the midele 
marches of England in Jedburghe should haue bene performed, which was, that all 
attemptes sence the Red Swyre showld haue bene redresed ffurste, and this of 
John Davesons was doune aejTe beffore. Hoppinge ffor your Honours good 
answer in wryttyng, I commytt your Honour to the protecsyon of the Almightie. 
In BarAvicke, the xxvij^'-" of February e 1576. 

Your Honors leffully, 

Jhon Seleye. 

To the righte honorable the Earle of An2;us, Lorde Leffetennant of the sowthe 
partes of Scotland. 

198. Archibald, eighth Eael of A_ngus, to Sir John Forster, English 
Warden, as to redress of Border grievances. Hol^TOodhouse, 29th 
February 15 7G. [Old copy.] 

My Lord, efter my verie hertly commendationes. I ressauit zour lettre, daited the 
ix of Februarii, vpoun the xxv of the same, sa as the occasioun of the delay of 
zour ansuer is not in me. For the hinder of metingis betuix zow and the Lard 
of Cesfurde for Eist Teviotdaill, he hes abiddin the maist part of this winter heir 
at Edinburgh, bot now, I hoip, sail shortly be at hame, and will not faill to ansuer 
zow as apertenis. And for Liddisdaill, I intend within few dayes to direct sic in 
Teviotdaill as sal haue charge to put that mater to poynt, be quhom also ze salbe 
aduertizit, that the billis on ather part may be interchangeit, and the offensis 
redressit, as iustice craves. As to the deliuery for Will Hidley of the Sillis wyffis 


bill, I haue already send sowth gray Will Eliot, the principall offendour contenit in 
the bill, to be enterit, quhilk I think aired Jy be done ; and it wes rather accident 
nor want of guidwill in me that the same bill wes sa lang vndeliuerit, for, as I 
doubt nocht, ze hard I half ansuerit Mr. Selbyes lettre, and hes now, as at sindry 
tjTnes of befor, planely declarit vnto him that the default, alsweill of metingis as 
redresse, is in him self, seing neyther my oft writing nor ony curtessy offerit can 
procure redres to Johune Davidsoun of Quhittoun of his guidis, a mater that, I 
think, ze haue oft anewch hard of. Further, I haif laitly ressauit a lettre from 
the Lard of Edzarstoun, tueching Johnne Heronis hard dealing with a freind of his 
that, being enterit for a bill, culd not be gottin relevit for ony condicioun, bot 
lettin dee in irnis, quhilk is sa hard a preparative, that I fer few sail enter heirefter 
gif this thing be not redressit, quhilk I thocht gude to lett zow vnderstand, that 
ze mycht sa order the mater as it suld not be a stay to iustice in other thingis, 
for gif ze do not, I haif the les hoip of ony gude frute to follow vpoun the nixt 
meting. And sa, resting to zour ansuer, committis zow in the protectioun of Go<l. 
At Halyruidhous, the last of Februar 1576. 

Zour loving and assured freind. 

199. The Same to John Selby, English warden, relating to disorders on 
the Borders. Holyroodhouse, [29th] February 1576. [Old copy.] 

After my verie hertlie commendationes. Be zour lettre of the xvj*^ of Februare 
(quhilk come not to my handes quhill the xxv of the same moneth), I vnderstand 
of sindrie disorders, as ze writt, committit of late within the boundis of zour 
charge, quhairof I am hertlie sorey, and it is verie weill kend that I haue bene 
als Weill willing to restrene sic thingis as any culd be ; ffor the iust occasioun of 
the delay of metingis hes nocht bene on the part of Scotland, quhen it salbe con- 
siderit quhat the Regentis grace did and directed for the triall and ordering of 
John Davisonis complaint, at his being in Jedburgh. His grace hes considerit 
the copy of the order taken at Keddenburn sent with zour lettre, and affirmis that 
the order, neyther then nor sensyne, lykis him, being allvvayes geven to vnder- 
stand that Johnne Davisonis haill guidis suld haue bene deliuerit, a few nowmer 
excepted (allegit to be deade), and at the day na guidis wes brocht to the grund 
bot a few, and thay not worthie to be ressauit. Quhat contentatioun Johnne 
Davison hes ressauit of late I can not sav, for that I haue ressauit na certantie 

theirof sen zour lettie come to me. Bot suirlie it grevis me that want of reasoun 
and iustice in that particulair sulJ stay and hinder metingis and redres in other 
materis sa lang ; and tliair apperis ua ressoun quhy the haill guidis that wer 
taken avray suld not be redressit, alsweill as thay now offerit quhilkis ar on lyve. 
I leif thairfore for the present, to mak langar lettre on this behalf, quhill I sail 
vnderstand of Johnne Davisonis conteutatioun, and then I will further the redres 
of all other attemptatis the best I can, quhairvnto I haue the les couraige sa lang 
as this thing (that I half sa oft travellit in without frute) takis na conclusioun. I 
pray zow send this vthir lettre to my lord warden of the middle marche, quhilk 
is ane ansuer to his that I ressauit with zour lettre. And sa I committ zow in 
the protectioun of God. At Hal>Tuidhous, the of Februar 157<). 

Zour lovinir freind. 

200. The Same to The Same, relating to trials for Border depredations. 
Dalkeith, 3d March 157C. [Copy.] 

AiTER my verie hertlie commendationes. I ressauit zour lettre of the xxvij of 
February, quhairin ze write tliat Johnne Davisoun of Quhittoun desiris that the 
deliuerie of his gudis alyve and the assise may be all on ane day, quhairwith, gif 
lie rest satisfeit, it sail alsua content me ; and the mair spedelie that it be done, I 
can like of it the bettir ; to the quhilk purpois I traist ze sail not find the Lard 
of Cesfurd, Avarden, or his deputy, vnwilling, quhen ze require thame. Tlie lak 
of metingis hes not bene in the default of Scotland, and gif ze will not certefie my 
Lordes of the Quenis maiestie, zour souerains counsell of it (as I can like weill 
ze do), I think I haue cans to do it, and had sadone langsyne, gif I had nothoipit, 
lang befoir now, to haue ressauit at zour handes equitable redres of Johnne 
Davisonis complentis, ffor the delay quhairof thair is na reasoun ; and na les 
strange think I the refusall of it then ze do, that vtheris suld stay on that respect. 
And quheneuir hir maiestie or the counsale vnderstandis the forme of dealing, I 
traist it sail not be allowit. I think ze be not able justlie to burdyn me, that the 
order aggreit on at Jedburgh restis vnperfonnit on my part. And for the pretens 
of delay ze mak of the non-redressing of Johnne Davisonis bill first, becaus it wes 
done a zeir befoir the Reid Swyre, alleging that sic attemptatis as wer committit 
sensyne suld be first redressit, ze will not find our indent to contene ony sic condi- 
tioun ; and thairfore, as ze wald be ansuerit, lett me ressaue ressoun in that mater 
of Johne Davisonis, or vtherwyse think that ze can not eschape to be justlie 


chargit with the inconvenieutis that the delay of metingis hes or may breid. And 
sa I commit zow to God. At Dalkeith, the thrid of Marche 15 7G. 

Zour loveing freind. 

201. Sir John Forster to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, relating to 
proceedings for Border depredations. Alnwick, 14th March 1576. 

Maye it pleis your Lordship to be advertysed that, wheras I had intelligence that 
Hobe Gylcrist had made one spoyle of my Lord Regents men, and hathe taken 
frome them serten horses, I thoght, therfore, I cowlde no les do nor take hyiu 
for the aunswerenge of justice, bothe for that and vther maters. I sent my men 
to Allenton, where he was, for the apprehendinge of hym, where he disobedyentlye 
refused to cum to me, and in his taikenge he had almost slayne one of my men, 
where he had his hande almost striken frome hym, and at this present I haue hym 
at my howse, where I niene the lawes of the realme shall trj^e vpon hiin, and 
there be hanged. I haue sent the horses agane by the warden sergent, to be 
delyvered vnto the Lairde of Bone Jedworthe. And whereas your Lordship 
wrote vnto me to knowe the cawse of the deathe of Rotherforde, and vpon your 
Lordships lettre I sent to Johne Heron, comraandinge hjTu to sertefye me the 
trewe cawse of his deathe, and he wrote to me that there was no man oftere<l to 
make delyverye for that bill for the lowsinge of hym, and the man beinge in age 
was vesyted by seiknes with the hande of God, where he dyed, and he was 
no waye inprosoned but lawfullye, as vther men was, havinge his meit and drynke 
sufficyentlye ; and that, Johne Heron sayes, he will stande and prove where your 
Lordship shall appoynte, before the wardens of Englande and Scothinde. And 
as for that and all vther matters, they shall not be vnaunswered in my pairt, 
trustinge that your Lordship will do me the lyke, and to haue the poore boye in 
rememberance whiche loste his foote, beinge no offender nather to England nor 
Scotlande, and yf there be anye thinge wheren I maye pleasour your Lord.shi[t 
lawfullye, I will do it to my power. This, restinge to trowble your Lordship anye 
more, I commit youe to the Almyghtye God. At my howse nighe Alnewicke, 
this xiiij''^ of Marche 1576. 

Your Lordships assured leiffullye to commande, 

John Forster. 

Postscrlptum. — My Lorde, your Lordship promysed, at my last beinge witli 
youe, that youe wold be my furtherance for the takenge of Dennynge and the rest 


of his fellowes. I haue taken most pairt of them all, savinge hym. Therfore, yf 
it wolde pleis your Lordship to direct your lettre to the Lairde of Cesforde, or to 
the Lairde of Bone Jedworthe, to apprehende hym, or ellis your warrant that I 
myght haue lycence my selfe, yf he be within Scots grounde, to take hym. 

To the ryght honorable the Earle of Angus, Lorde Liewtennent of the 
sowthe partes of Scotlande, yeve theis. 

202. The Same to The Same, praying for mercy to Dand Gilchrist. 
Alnwick, 11th April 1577. 

Pleaseth it your Honor to be advertised, that Hobb Gilchriste, for diuerse 
offences by hym committed ageinste our lawes, is, for the same, put to execucion. 
And nowe greate suite is made vnto me to be an eruest sutor vnto your Lordshippe 
in the favor of his Sonne Daunde : his freindes offeris to laie in good sureties to 
your Lordshippe for his good behavior in tyme to come, and that also he shall 
redresse all complaintes that are to be chardged ageinst hym. And ffor that the 
younge man, of hym selfe, seameth to me to be verie sorrowefull for his lieffe, and 
haeth promised amendment of the same, and that I truste his fatheris deathe 
wilbe a terror vnto hym, I am vmbelie to praie your Lordshippe to extende your 
favorable mercie towardis hym, the rather at this my desire, and to accept theis 
his offers whiche his freindes are willenge to accomplishe. And if it shall staunde 
with your Lordshippes good pleasure this moche to graunte my request toward the 
same Daund, and that I male receave your full resolute ansewere by this berer, I 
am to thincke my selife verie moche beholdenge vnto yow, and shalbe readie to 
acquitte your Lordshippes curtesie in any suclie semblable request, as knoweth th' 
eternall God, to whose holie proteccion I committ your good Lordshippe, At 
my house nighe Alnewicke, this xi*^^ of April! 1577. 

Your honourable Lordshippes leifullie vmbelie to commaunde, 

John Forster. 

To the ryghte honorable and my verie singuler good lorde, the Earle of 
Angus, Lord Liveteunent-Generall of Scotlaund. 

203. The Same to The Same, in reference to a charge against Gawen 
El wood. Hexham, 14 th April 1577. 

After my verie hartie commendacions in leifull maner to your good Lordshippe. 
Theis are to advertice your Lordshippe that I receved your Lordshippes letter in the 


favor of Gawen Ehvoods bill. I have called my coussen Mr. Myddeltoun before 
me, whoe hatlie declared vnto me that the whole bill is not ouelie in hym, but 
also in Dicke Fenwicke and others ; and therefore he nor the other will not, by 
no perswasion of myne, but have the principall and doubles in there daunger, and 
the cawse wliie is that my said coussen is so ernest is, that he is fullie perswaded 
that this spoile made vppon hym. will faile owte rather to be by some Englishemen 
that are and have bene his auncieut enimies. For, I assure your Lordshippe, if it 
had onely consisted iu Gawen Elwood and the Scoteshemen, my coussen Mydelton 
woulde verie willengelie have satisfied your Lordshippes request herein. The 
premises considered, I vmbelie praie yoiir Lordshipp to thincke nothenge in me or 
my coussen ^Mydelton, that your letter and requeste is no satisfied ; for if th' 
occasion were not as before is purported, your Lordshipp might commaunde my 
cousen Mydelton in any pleasure he leifullie mighte. And this, for this present, 
I commit your Lordshipp to the mercifull defenc of th' Almightie. At Hexham, 
this xiiii^^ of Aprill 1 .5 7 7. 

Your honorable Lordshipp's lefullie to commaunde, 

John Forster. 

To the right honorable and my verie singuler good lorde, the Earle of Angus, 
Lord Livetenneut-Generall of Scotlaund, to his good Lordshipp. 

204. John Selby to Archibald, Earl of Angus, interceding for Hobbie 
Dagglese. Berwick, 20th April 1577. 

Pleaseth your Honour, hear haith bene one Hobbie Dagglese with me, who 
saith that he ys towardis your Honour as one dependeng of your Honour, who 
was ffield in a bill for a nagge at the last daye of trew for Tevedall, and haith 
requested me that I wold examen a fi'ellon of England, at this present lyeing in 
prison, one Arch Baird, who confesseth that he bought a nagge of one Jock 
Chamberis of Lj-nton, which nagge he past to Hobbie Dagglese of Lyntoun in 
exchange of an other. I liaue thus ffar deilt in the causse at your servaunt 
Daggleseis request, ffor that he ys claymenge to your servaunt, and shalbee readye 
to do fi'or anye that to your Honour apperteneth, disierenge your Honor to beipe 
this bearer to haue reformatieon at thandis of the fforesaid Chamberis, who, I 
thenke, vpon the heareug of this bearer, yow will fifynd laufull matter. Thus 


leaveng to troble your Honor at this present, fFrome Berwick, this xx"® daye of 
Aprill, anno 1577. 

Your Honors lefullie, 

Jhon Selbye. 

To the right honorable and my singuller good lorde in lefull manner, the 
Earll of Angus, Lord Levetennent of the south partis of Scotland, 
yeue thesse. 

205. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, Earl of Angus, with 
the present of a falcon. Eslington, 10th June 1577. 

Right honorable, my la\v'full dewtye remembred. Pleasethe your Lordship to 
recey\'e from this beror a leueret, hoU of fether and bone, and of as good ane arye 
and prooff as anye is in England. He is higher gated then the hauke. I send him 
to your Lordship for that he is first ready, and the lyke kynd is not in Scotland, 
trusting your Lordship will accept my good will, althoughe he be not so woorthye 
as the worst of manye hawkes your Lordship haith bestowed of me. But yf I 
knewe what were in England that I might lawfullye pleasure, your Lordship 
should not lack it. I took the Lard of BunJedwoorthe band for the prencipall 
of my bylles of the Lard of Mowe, which is not yet discharged. The dubles I 
referred to your Lordships hand, which is two hundrethe pound Scotis and more, 
hoopinge your Lordship Avili not clearlye quyt hyme of theme, consyderinge howe 
he and his daylye vsethe me and my serv[auntes] ; for in the tyme of suraunce 
that the Lard of BunJedw[oorthe] took betwyxt vs, his brother resett a shep- 
heard of my servauntes that ran awaye with two hundrethe of his sheepp, 
and yet keapethe them ; all which matteris I referr my self to your Lordships 
judgment and order. Yf your Lordship be not provyded of good trying hundis, 
I have speciall choyse for your Lordship, as this beror cann declajTe, vnto whom 
I referr credit. Thus committinge your Lordship to the tuition of God, who 
preserv your Lordship in honor and healthe long to his pleasure. At Eslington, 
the x*^ daye of June 1577. 

Your Lordships to command with lawfull servise, 

Cutb"^- Collingwoodd. 

To the right honorable the Earle of Angus, Lord Leavtennant of Scotland. 


206, Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir Cuthbert Collingwood, 

in answer. Dalkeith, 13tli June 1577. [Contemporary copy.] 

Efter my verie hartlie commendations. Amangis mony vther gret plesouris, last 
I haue resauit fra the berer heirof ane leuerot, haill of feder and bain, ane kynd of 
hank, as ye wret in your letter, not [to] be had in Scotland, and for that thinkis 
the gift mair worthy of thankis, quharof, amangis the rest, I gif yow maist 
hartlie thankis. Quharas ye ^^Tet him to be first readie, of truth he is the first 
reid hauk I saw this yeir, and for that am sorie that I may nocht acquyt your gift 
presentlie, in sending of your seruand full handit as he cam fra hame. As for 
the vther part of your letter, quhar ye wret the Lard of Bonjedwart is cum band 
for the principalis of your bill of the Lard of Mowe, and the same as yeit nocht 
to be dischargit. His sone George being present heir at the resait of your letter, I 
schew him of it, c^uha sayis to me the same is outred or now as he wnderstuid, 
and gif it war nocht, vpon his returning hamwart he suld se yow satysfeit 
according to justice. The doublis, as I percew be your letter, ar referrit to 
me, houping that for the Lard of Mowis daylie hard vsing of yow and your 
seruandis, I will nocht clerlie quyt him of tham. I think that matter may yeit 
rest oure quhill my awin cummyng to the cuntry, quhan I trust he sail nocht 
refuis to do yow or youris any lefull plesour in him lying, fynding the lyik at 
your handis. I am sorie, as I wret befoir, that presentlie I am nocht sa abill to 
acquit your guidwill with sik haukis as ar in Scotland as I wald, hot sa soun as 
ony salbe, I will nocht be wnmyndfull of your mony plesouris schawin to me, 
nocht onlie in this, bot in houndis that I haw sindrie tymis resauit of yow, quhilk 
I esteime mair nor ony haukis. Your seruand knawis wery weill the tym of our 
reid haukis, and thairfoir gud it is he cum again at that tym, as I haue lykwise 
spokin him my self to that eflfeck. Sua for the present, knawing na farder 
occasion, I commit yow to God. At Dalkeithe, the xiij of Junii 1577. 

207. The Lord Scrope, English Warden, to Archibald, K\rl of Angus, 

expressing full readiness to assist the Earl on the Borders. Carlisle, 
4th July 1577. 

After my verie hartie commendacions to your good Lordshippe, in lefull maner. 
I haue by this bearer, the Larde of Newbye, receyved your Lordships lettre of 
yesterdaye, and perceyviug thereby that synce your Lordships repay re to 


Drumfreese, yt is reported that some of that realme make shewe of disobedience, in 
hope of resset or faviour to be had of some Englishmen vnder my chardge. My 
Lorde, these are to assure your Lordship that, for myne owne parte, you shall 
fynde me, to th' uttermoste of my power (altho I be a stranger to your Lordship), 
redye in all respectes to doe what may lye in me to the furtherance of iustice and 
contynuance of the good amytie ; and for such as shall become disobedient to your 
Lordship, \'pon knowledge had from your Lordship of the persons and their 
names, shall gyve streict ordre for the avoyding of their relief or reset within 
myne office ; and, for their punishment, shall be redie to concurre Avith your 
Lordship as occasion shall serve ; wherein more at lardge I haue shewed myne 
opinyon to this bearer, according to your Lordships request. Other matters I 
referre till our meting, wherein I trust your Lordship shall fynde me no lesse 
towarde than I haue good hope of your Lordships honourable meaning to th' 
advancement of justice and repressing of wicked doers. And herein I will 
willinglie concurre A\4th your Lordship, as well for the dischardge of my dewtye to 
my souereigne, as also in respect of the great good will and honourable intencion 
I haue alwayes founde in the Lord Eegentes Grace of that realme toward is the 
conseruacion of the good peace and amytie. And so, for the presente, I commyt 
your good Lordship to th' Almightie, Carlisle, the fourth of Julye 1577, 
Your good Lordships assured freind lefullie to commaund, 


To the right honorable my verie good lorde, the Erie of Anguss, lord warden 
of the west marches of Scotland. 

208. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to the Lord Scrope, English 
Warden, praying him to cause certain fugitives to be publicly denounced, 
etc. Dumfries, 14th July 1577. [Copy.] 

My verie gude lord, efter my maist hertlie commendationes. I haue send vnto 
20ur Lordship heirwith the [names] of the principall fugitives quhom I find 
dissobedient within this west wardanrie, quhilkis I pray zow hertlie to cans be 
publictlie denunceit and proclamit Avithin zour office, according to the commis- 
sioners order, and that I may haue zour Lordships testimony of the recept of thir 
names, quhairthrow I may the better crave iustice of their recepteris in England 
within your Lordships charge. For gif the same wer avoided, and dew pvnishe- 


ment vsed for that contempt, neyther sulci samony attemptatis be comraittit on 
pretens of outlawes, nor zit suld we liaue saraekle ado as thir wicked people 
nunistratis occasioun. Further, as tueching the vnlawfull pasturing of Englishe 
guidis in Scottis grund, vnder quhilk pretext sindrie stowthis ar committed, seing 
the tjone appointed he the proclamatioun is now alraaist past, and that I wald be 
layth that ony Englishmen suld be harmed for lak of dew warning, I pray zour 
Lordship caus the like proclamatioun be renewed at Carlile, certcfeing all men 
quhome this mater may twiche, that quhair the guidis ar stafhcrded be Englishe- 
nien, or schelis biggit be thame within Scotland, I will gif order to caus the 
personis sa apprehendit to be maid prisoneris, and the guidis to be confiscat. And 
for the vtheris guidis taken be Scottismen in keping and gerssing, I will cause 
thame be callit tluiirfore, and pvnished with sic severitie as the law prouidis. 
The tyme hes bene sa schort that I cold nocht satyfie zour Lordship anentis the 
fyling of zour billis as I wald ; nather can I fynd sic gud will at thair hand is 
quha knawis best the treuthe of thame as I wald vische. Zeitt, with t}Tne I dout 
nocht to satyfie zour Lordship with conuenient ansuer, and, as I may, salbe trying 
out the certantie of matteris, als weill in my absence as now at my being in this 
cuntre it sal, be gud dew aduertysment, be maid to my deputis, that thaireftyr 
thay may repair to Carleill to receif ansuer for the cawis otf Scotland. 

I am informit lykewys that he quhom I sould hef delyuerit for jMylburnis bill 
myndis to remane fwgityue. Thairfor, gif he can nocht be gottin, or ane wther 
contenit in the bill, befoir the day appoyntit, I pray zour Lordship that the 
matter be nocht hardlie followit for ane certane space, quhill I se quliat may 
fall out. 

I will zeitt, as befor in my former letter, desyr zour Lordship that Sterthill 
and his fallow may be delyuerit to sic as salbe appoyntit be me for the recept of 
thame, sa sone as satyfactioun is maid for thair billis, and that my deputis may 
hef lauchfull aduertysment befoir. 

And sa resting all other thingis to zour Lordships ansuer or new occasioun, 
committis zow in the protectioun of the Almichtie. At Drumfreis, the xiiii of 
July 1577. 

Your Lordships very assured and loving freind. 

To the right honorable my verie gude lord, the Lord Scrope, lord wardane of 
the west marche of England foranent Scotland. 


209. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Archibald, EiciHin Earl of Angus, 
in reference to the Laird of Mow. Eslington, 17th July 1577. 

Right honorable, pleasethe your Lordship to be advertyssed that I receyved 
your Lordships letter bye this beror, wherin your Lordship wrytes that the Lard 
of Mowe shall do me pleasure if he maye have the lyk of me. Yf your Lordship 
wold do so muclie for me as to cawse hym and his men forbeare tayken my goodes, 
I wold think that were the greatest pleasure he cowld do me, and he should be 
sure to have the lyke freindship at my handis. The Lard of Bun Jedwoorthe said 
to me that, yf I took the prencipall of my bills, the Lard of Mowe wold nether 
tryst nor keape surance with me. So it seamethe to me that I have as great dis- 
pleasure for tayken my prencypall goodes as yf I had tayken the dowbles ; and as 
yet the prencypall is not paid. As I am vsed, and lyk to be, in this matter, I 
refer me holly to your Lordships order and direction, prayinge your Lordship to 
hold me excused for trubling yowe so oft in this tryfling matter. I am to seak 
justice of him for perjurye, which I will not do without mayking your Lordship 
prevye, hooping that your Lordship will allowe of the same. I have willed this 
beror to provyde hawkis for me at Leathe, to se if bowght hawkis proves anye 
better then geven. Howbeit, I ame not to refuse your Lordship's accustomed 
curtesye, as knowethe God, who preserve your Lordship in honour and healthe 
longe to his pleasure. At Eslington, the xvii*^ of Julye 1577. 

Your Lordships to command with leafull service, 


To the right honorable the Earle of Angus, Lord Leavtennent of Scotland. 

210. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to the Lord Scrope, with the 
present of a cast of tercells of falcons. Dalkeith, 25th July 1577. [Copy.] 

My verie gude Lord, efter my maist hertlie commendationes. Oif sic halkis as 
this zeir ar cum to my handes, it will pleas zour Lordship to ressaue a cast of 
tarsellis of falconis, haill of fether and bane, quhilkis I hertlie wishe suld pruif 
Weill. Gif thair be any other halkis or any vther thing heir that may be pleasing 
and acceptable to zour Lordship, the same salbe alwayes readie, quhen ze will put 
me to charge, for trewlie I think me not a litle bound vnto zowr Lordship for 


zowr fauorable guidwill alreddy experimented ; and the like dispositioun sail still 
remane in me toward your Lordship, as knawis the Almichtie, quha preserue 
your Lordship perpetually. At Dalkeytlit, the xxv day of July 1577. 
Zour gude Lordships very assured to my pouir. 

211. LOKD SCKOPE, Lord AVarden of the West Marches of England, to 
Archibald, Earl of Angus, partly as to a theft on the Borders. 
Carlisle, 27th July 1577. 

After my right hartie commendacions to your good Lordshippe in lefull maner. 
I haue presentlie sent two of my seruauntes, these bearers, to Saynt Androw' es to 
buye some hawkes for me, to whom I hartelie praye your Lordship to graunt your 
lycence and pasporte, that they maye safelye passe and traveyle, as well thither as 
in their retourne, as I shall be likewise redye, in the semblable, to pleasure your 
Lordship vpon your lettres. 

My Loi'dc, whereas, at my brother Edwardes being with your Lordship at 
Drumfreise, I dyd will him by my lettres to informe your Lordship of one 
Hitchill, vnder the Larde Johnston, that in the verie tyme of your Lordship and 
me being togethers at Gretnoe Kirke (notwithstanding the proclamations on both 
sydes for speciall assurance), dyd steall two meares from Cargoe, of whome I 
looked to haue had delyverie before this tyme, to haue ben punished for his 
contempt, but hitherto I heare not of him. And therefore I hartelie praye your 
Lordship to gyve ordre to the Larde Johnston, that he maye be delyverd accord- 
inglie. And so, for the presente, I comrayt your good Lordshippe to the 
Almightie. Carlisle, the xxvij*^^ of Julye 1577. 

Your good Lordships lefuUie assured to commaund, 


To the right honorable my verie good lorde, th' Erie of Anguss, Lorde 
Lieutennente-Generall of all the marches of Scotland towardis England. 

212. The Same to The Sajsie, recommending John Crackenthorpe, 
gentleman. Carlisle, 27th July 1577. 

After my right hartie commendacions vnto your good Lordeshipe in lefull maner. 
Forasmoche as this bearer, John Crakenthrope, gentleman, is verie desirous fur to 
travell into that realme for to buye hawkes, and hathe requested my lettres of 

commendation vnto your Lordeshipe in his behalfe, I am therfore to desyer vour 
Lordeshipe that he maye quietlie passe and travoll his said journave, even as I 
wilbe redye to shewe the like vnto any gentleman at your Lordeshipes commen- 
dation. And so I comytt your good Lordeshipe to th' Almightie. Carliell, tlie 
xxvii*^^ of Julie 1577. 

Your good Lordeshipes assured frende lefullie to commande, 

To the right honorable and my verie good lorde, the Erie of Anguss, Lorde 
Lieutenant-Generall of all the thre marches of Scotland. 

213. The S.uie to The Sa3ie, as to repression of disorders on the Borders. 

Carlisle, 7th August 1577. 

After my right hartie commendacions to your Lordshippe in lefull maner. I haue 
receyved your Lordshippes letter of the first of this instant, whereby I \Tiderstand 
that the Lord Regentis grace, vpon your Lordshippes mocion, hath written to hir 
maiestie and my verie good Lordes of the Counsell, for some ayde of soldiouris to 
be bestowed on this marche at my direction, for the which I hartelie thanck your 
Lordship, prapng the same, in my behalfe, to rendre also the like thanckis to his- 
grace. And where I perceyve, by the same lettre, that his grace intendis, in 
proper person, in the beginning of Octobre, to come to the Borders, in myne 
opinyon the tracte of tyme will be a meane of greater disobedience, and the cause 
of more rcsorte of evill men to the wooddes, to the disturbance of the sood 
subiectis of both realmes ; so as the sooner they might be dealt withall, yt were 
more easye either to reduce them to obedience, or prosecute them with extremitie, 
the harvest season, abowt the xx^^ of Septembre, seruing for that purpose. But 
herein alwayes I am contented to concurre with his grace or your Lordship, 
according to my dewtye to hix maiestie, at what tyme his grace shall thinck moste 

For the daye of marche, according to your Lordshippes request, yt shall be 
contynued till further agreement betwene your Lordshippe and m?, by our lettres 
or otherwise. I am contented also to beare with your Lordshippe till some 
further tyme for Kaysbanckes bill, according as your Lordshippe requyreth. 

My Lorde, I sent for the Larde of Newbye to haue had answere concerning 
our English bills, which by my brother Edward were delyvered to your Lordshippe 
at Drumfreise, but I can not presentlie receyve such answere to them as I looked 


for; the cause whye I knowe not, oulesse on some parte there be to muche 
bearing with the prinoipall sorte of otfendouris, who so long as they may be 
sufFred to passe with their othes, there will be small hope of iustice ; ffor, even 
against some of Gretnohill, Avho haue sworne them selves cleane before your Lord- 
shippe, I doubt not but to make your Lordshippe assured to vnderstand the contrarie, 
and namelye, Will of Gretnohill for two seuerall billes, that is to saye, the bill of 
wydowe Jackson for foure oxen, and the bill of Eobert Wayte and his neighbouris 
of Wolstye in the Holme, for six or seven horses, mares and phillies ; whereof I 
trust your Lordshippe will haue good cousideracion, and not sutire such evill men 
to be borne withall in so manifest periuryes and offences, but rather with seueritie 
to punishe the same for a speciall example. I am the bolder herein to ^vryte my 
mynde to your Lordshippe, for that I am well assured of your Lordshippes honorable 
meaning and intencion to reformaciou of such disordres ; and also the rather for 
that your Lordshippe willed me to signifie \Tito you if I sholde fynde any indirect 
dealing or bearing contrarie to justice ; and the redyest waye to avoyde these 
periuryes and releyve true men, in myne opinyon, is that your Lordshippe and I, 
pervsing throughlie the rolles on both sydes, without respect, according to the 
treaty es, fyle and cleane the same upon our honouris, as we shall fynde cause 
worthie. I haue ymparted to the Larde of NeAvbye how your Lordshippe may 
vnderstand Will of Gretnohill to be fowle of these billes, as I am informed. And 
so, expecting your Lordshippes answere, I commyt the same to th' Almightie. 
Carlisle, the vij'^ of August 1577. 

Your good Lordshippes lefullie assured to commaund, 


To the right honorable my verie good lorde, th' Erie of Anguss, Lorde 
Lieutennente-Generall of all the marches of Scotland towardes England. 

214. Archibald, ELa.rl of Angus, to the Lord Scrope, as to measures 
adopted by the Eegent against the Borderers. Dalkeith, 11th August 
1577. [Copy.] . 

After my raaist hertly commendationes to zour gude Lordship, quhair, be zour 
lait lettre of the seA-int of August, ze think the tract of tyme ower lang of the 
reparing of the Eegentis grace to the Bordouris, I haue conferrd with his grace 
thairanent, Cjuha having alreddy maid proclamationis for the convening of forces 
aganis a pretixt t^-me, can not now weill alter the same, and further thinkis the 

begynning of October sone enewch, in consideratioun of the lait harvest. Bot 
to avoid the inconvenient feared be zour Lordship, he intendis, even sa sone as 
may be, to direct sum nowmer of horsmen and fiitemen to the boundes ewest 
the woddes, quhairby thair insolence may be sumquhat restrenit, and the incres 
of thair no^vmer, safar as may be, stayed. His grace hes also ressauit sum aduer- 
tisment from Court, that the ayd of sum soldiouris to be bestowed on that west 
marche is granted, and shortly to be directed. 

I thank zour Lordship hertly of zour gude agrement to the continewance of 
the day of marche, and in forbearing to put at me for Kaysbankis bill for sum 
further tyme. I sail nocht only be myndfull to discharge my promts in that 
behalf, bot rest oblist to acquite zour Lordshipis freindly dealing in any cais 
quhair I am able. 

I am sorey that zour Lordship ressauis nocht sic ansuer to the Englishe 
billis as ze louked for, a part of the default quhairof is throw my awin absence, 
quhilk sail nocht be langar then I may addres me thither agane. Bot zour Lord- 
ship may be assurd that gif I may vnderstand thame of Graitnayhill, quha hes 
sworn thame selffis cleane, to be fowle indeid, thay salbe deliuerit to be punist as 
periurd personis, and sail neuir be borne with be my self, nor na others of my 
knawlege or allowance. For the fyliug vpoun our honouris, I wald be richt 
glaid to indent with your Lordship vpon ony condicioun that mycht avoid the 
periurys and relef trew men, gif I wer anys throwly acquainted with the cuntrie 
affares, and present in the cuntrie to haue the better informatioun, and the oftar 
conference with zour Lordship. Bot seing my absence at this tyme hynders me 
to be sa weill informed as I can promis to fyle on honour, I mou pray zour Lord- 
ship to bear -with me sum t}Tno, that agane our meting I may advise how far I 
may promis, sen I had rather be difficill in promissing then slaw or doubtfull in 
performyng, as knawis the Almychtie, quha preserue your Lordship. At Dalkeyth, 
the xj of August 1577. 

Zouris gude Lordshipis very assured to my pouer. 

215. Lord Scrope to Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, thanking the 
Regent for Ids active support against the Borderers. Carlisle, 18th 
August 1577. 

After my verie hartie commendacions to your good Lordshippe in lefuU maner. 
^Vhe^ea3 this bearer, my verie freind, Mathewe ^Moonke, burgesse of Carlisle, is 


presentlie desyrous to repayre to Edenbruglie to bye some wynes, for his better 
conduccion I haue thought good to commend him to your Lordshippe with these 
my lettres, hartelie praying your Lordshippes favorable goodnesse and freindshippe 
towardes him, and that in this behalfe yt maye please your Lordshippe to graunt 
him your lycence, the rather at this my desier, as I shall be redye to doe the lyke 
to any your Lordshippes freindes vpon request of your Lordshippes lettres. 

My Lorde, I vnderstand by your Lordshippes lettre that my Lord Regentis 
grace hath, vpon his lettres, obteyned the graunt of certein ayde of soldioures to 
be ymployed here for the suppressing of the disobedient, for the which, his 
graces good and honorable intencion, I hartelie praye your Lordshippe to rendre 
vnto him most hartie thanckes in my behalfe, assuring the same that, after they be 
once placed here, they shall be kept exercised, I trust, to the benifyte and quyet 
of the countrye. And so, for the presente, I commyt your Lordshippe to th' 
Almightie. Carlisle, the xviij*'^ of August 1577. 

Your Lordshippes assured lefuUie to command, 


To the right honorable my verie good lorde, tli'Erle of Anguss, Lorde 
Lieutennaunte-Generall of all the marches of Scotland towardis England. 

216. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir Cuthbert Collingwood. 
A friendly letter as to a horse. Branxholm, 14th September 1577. 

Eycht trest frend, eftir my werray hairtlie commendationis. Being presentlie 
destitute of hors, I haif thocht gud to derect this barare towartis zow, desyring 
zow to send zour zoung hors with hym, that I may se gif I lyk hym or nocht. 
Gif I pleis hym, thair salbe na danger to zow, seing I haif ane plakkat for zour 
warrand. Lat me ondirstand be the barare, or ane seruand of zouris with hym, 
quhat salbe hyis pryce. The greit curtesie that I haiff ressauit afor at zour handis 
makis me at this tyme mair hamelie to charge zow, as ze sail fynd rae willing 
to do zow the lyk plesour, quhan occasione sail sairve zow to craif the samyn at 
my handis. And sua, for the present, haiffing na forder occasione, commitis zow 
in Goddis kepping. At Branxhelme, the xiiij of September 1577. 

Your rycht assured lovyng freind leifuUie, 




217. King James the First to his Brother-in-Lcaw, Archibald, fourth 

Earl of Douglas, urging him to forward the King's liberation. 
[Stratford Awe, 30th January (1416)]. Original draft.^ 

Gretynoe as to our selfe. Der and wel belufit brother, we haue syndry tymys 
writtyn to yhow til stere our most lufit erne of Albany douly to trauele for vs and 
our deliuerans, efter the ordinans of our generale consale ; and now o late we wrot 
to zhow witht our trast and wel belufit chapellayn, Jone Lyone, the qwilk zhe 
resayfit thankfully, as he has lattyn vs wit, and tharof we thank zhow, and prayis 
zhow witht al our hart to labore for vs and our deliuerans, eftter the tenor of tha 
letteris, sene zhe botht wele cane and may ; and our speciale trast is in zhow, and 
the delay of our hamecome standis al anely in thaim that sowlde persue for vs, 
for we haue commondit with our most gracious cosynge, the excellent Kyng of 
Ingilland, for our deliuerans, and we haue foundyn hyme so gracious that in hym 
is no thyng to amende, as the berare can lat yhow wit, witht qwilk zhe send 
answer qwat zhe haue done and may do in this mater, and qwat [zhe] think war 
vs to do gife delay war made, as it has bene in tymis [gane. Writtyn] ut prius. 
[/.e. at Stratforde Awe, the penultyma day of Janueir, vndyr our propir signe 
manuele and signet, witht the signet of our welbelufit cosynge of Fyfte.] 

218. Archibald, fifth Earl of Angus, "Bell the Cat," to John Ogilvy 
of Inverquharity, acknowledging receipt of relief duty of his lands. 
Douglas, 15th March [U]90.- 

Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, ws, Archbalde, Erll of Angus, Lord 
Douglas, and of the regalite of Kyrimur, to half tane and rasawyt be the handis 
of Jhone of Ogilby of Ennerquarite the swae of thuenty merkis wsuall mone of 
Scotlande. Ande gif sa be that the said Jhone be ordorly serwyt be his breff and 
retowryt, we dischargis hym of the said thuenty merkis, and grantis ws to hatf 

^ Original in General Register House, Edinburgh. This and the drafts of four other 
letters are written on the same sheet of paper, which explains the reference, vt prius, etc. 
* Original at Inverquharity. 




rasawyt thai thuenty merkis for tlie relef of the said landis ; and gif he be nocht, 
or that we may recouer mar svme apone hym for the said landis, than we grant 
ws till alow thai thuenty merkis in his composicione gif he componis with ws 
for the saidis landis. In witnes of the quhilk thing we haf subscriwyt thir present 
writ with our hand, at Douglas, the fyften day of March, the zer of God, etc., 


219. George, Master of Angus, grandson of Archibald, fifth Earl of 
Angus, to John, fourth Lord Hay of Yester. Edinburgh, 18th 
August [circa 1547].^ 

Derrest Nepho, efter hertlie recommendacioun, I ressauit zour writing this day, 
datit at Neidpeth the said day, and vnderstand the samyn, and sail speik with 
my Lord of Mortoun of that effect, concernyng the Lard of Drummelzar, and 
quhateuer he be that is baillie thar, or ony seruand to me or myn, he salbe at 
zour command. And anentis zour cuming to Edinbrugh the xx day of this 
moneth, ze sail haue zour folkis ay in a reddynes vpone xxiiii houris warnyng, 
bot bryng thame nocht forwart quhill ze haue new warnyng. And God haf you 
in his kepeng. At Edenbrugh, the xviii day off Awgowst. 

To my Lord Hay of Yester, etc. 

^ Origiaal at Yester. 

220. Archibald, eighth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inver- 
quharity, bailie of the regality of Kirriemuir, to delay an action of 
removal depending before him until further instructions. Edinburgh, 
19th August [circa 1576].^ 
Trest freind, I commend me to zow. Ze sail vnderstand that I am informit 
that Maistres ^Margaret Lyoun hes callit and perseuit ane freind of myne, callit 
Katherine Strathauchin, and hir husband, befoir zow, to remoue fra thair auld 
Icynd and natiue rowme and possessioun ; intendis to put thame thairfra, at the 
requeist and desyre of utheris unfreindis, quhilk I think nocht godlie, thai being 
\villing to pay thare males and dewiteis thankfullie thairfoir. It is my will 
heirfoir, and I pray zow that ze continew that mater quhill ze gait farder aduer- 
tisment of me ; and gif thai be perseuit befoir ony vther juge, that ze replege 
thame hame to my courte of regalitie, as ze half done of befoir ; and sa fair ze 
Weill. At Edinburcht, the nynetene day of August. 

Be zouris at pouer, 

To our traist freind, the Lard of Innerquharratie. 

221. The Same to The Same, charging him to poind the goods of the 
Laird of Unuchie for a debt due to the Laird of Haltoun. 28th 
October 1580.2 

Traist freind, — Efter our hartlie commendatioun. Forsamekill as we half direct 
our precept to zow to tak ordour with the Laird of Vnuchie, and to poind and 
appryse his guidis, and to mak his cousing, the Laird of Haltoun, be payit of the 
sowmis contenit thairin, quhilkis ar, alsweill of the sowme quhairfoir he is oblist 
to pay to Mr. Johnne Moscrwp as cautionar for him, as for the sowme contenit in 
the precept fer expenssis sustenit be the said Laird of Haltoun thairthrow in his 
defalt : we wald wis the zoung gentilman to keip his creditie, and specialie to his 
freindis, vtherwais we can not be content to sie them trublit for his caus. Thair- 
foir ze sail, with all guidlie diligence, put this our said precept to dew executioun, 
swa that we heir na forder complent heiranent. And thus, having na forder 
^ Original in the Charter-Chest of Sir John Ogilvy of Inver(|uharity. - Ibid. 


occasioun presentlie, we commit zow to God, From Edinburgh, the xxviij day off 

October 1580. „ ■ -> . ■ ^ 

Zour guid ireind, 

° Anguss. 

To oure trest freind, the Laird off Inuerquharetie. 

222. Letter from D.ajsie Jean Lyon, sometime Countess of Angus, to her 
Fatlier-in-la\v, the Laird of Lociile\t:n.^ 
KiGHT honorabil Sire, — It will pleis you I haif resaueit your letter, quhairby I 
onderstand of your weilfair, quhilk, as God knaus, I am maist glaid to heir of. 
It is treu that I am Avarnit be my uncle to resaue my siluer at Mertismes nixtocom, 
bot gif he wil keip that appointit day, I can not be certain to assur you, Sir, that 
ye may lipin for the same, for I haif, euer sen my father deceisit, bein onder 
warning, and seing I knaw your ado presently, I vald wish I micht forder the 
sam. In lyk maner, sir, it sal pleis you to knaw that it is latin me to onder- 
stand that ye ar myndful to taik the mainis of Auchterhous in your awin hand. 
Gif sua be, I wil lipin, sir, that ye wil mak me aduertisment, and, as it sal pleis 
you, sir, I am content, for I knau your mynd is not to bender me of that quhilk 
is my auin, quhilk I am contentit to haif rather nor Auchterhous, quhilk is not 
securrity to me. Alwayis I wil luik for your auin ansuer. Sua for the present, 
haifing na forder bot to lat you knaw your bairn my son is in gud helth, praysit 
be God, my humbil commendations being presentit, I taik my leif, committing you 
in the blissit keiping of Almighty God, quha mot grant you lang lyf and gud helth. 
Be your maist humill and loving dochter to be commandit, 

Jene Lyon. 
To the right honorabil my loving father, the Lard of Lochlewin. 

223. Archibald, eighth K\rl of Angus, to [William] Douglas, 
Laird of Lochleven. Edinburgh, 6th June 1583.- 

COUSING, eftir my verie hertly commendatiounes. Eftir langsum travell in this 
mater betuix the Laird of Coventoun and Mr. Johnne Scharp, it is agreit upon 
that the Laird of Coventoun sail subscryve ane obligatioun for Mr. Johns suretie, 
and becaus it will nocht serwe with his subscriptioun only except I and certane 
uther freyndis, as cautioneres for him, subscryve it also, it is thocht gud that 
amang uthers ye suld be ane. And thairfore I hawe send yow the obligatioun to 
be advisit with, praying yow to subscryve the sam, and send it bak agane with 
* Original in the Charter-chest of the Earl of Morton. 2 /j^^/^ 




diligence, for it will furder the gentlemannis tryell wery mekle ; and his abyding 

in the cast ell hes bene bayth trublesum and coistly to him this tyme bygane. I 

hoip ye sail nocht be mekle trublit heirefter with this mater, for the gentleman 

is willing to tak up all matcris with Mr. Johnne be the aduyse of freyndis. Sua 

for the present I commit you to God. At Edinburgh, the sext of Junij 1583. 

Your assurit guid freind, . 

° ' Angus. 

Ye may the better subscriue the band, for I and the Laird of Covingtoun 
salbe your releife. 

To our traist freynd and cousing, the Laird of Lochlewin. 

224. Makgaret [Leslie], Countess of Angus, to Sir David Wemyss of 
Wemyss, requesting him to attend her to Edinburgh. 23d December 1586.^ 

Rycht honorabil sir, after my weray hartlye commendatyown. Pies zour (m.), 
I am sowmond afor the Commyseris, the xxviii of this instant, quhilk, wil God, 
I mynd to obserw. Heirfor has tain the ocasyown to reqwest zowr (m.), amongis 
my specyall freindis, to acompanye ws thair, with swa mony of zowr (m.) honorabil 
freindis as the schort warning will permit ; and that zour (m.) and zour (m.) son 
be in Edinbrought on Twysday nyxt, in the defens of my honor, lyf, land, and 
geir, and that I may haw zour (m.) gud cownsall in all thingis. In swa doing, 
zour (m.) vill haw na dishonor in respect of my inocensye. Swa nocht dowting 
bot zour (m.) will obey my ernest disyr, lyk as zour (m.) sail fiud me and myn 
redye to implesur zour (m.) to owr power. Swa lewing to importunat zour (m.) 
with mair prolyxetie, to melting, I comit zow to God. At Dysert, the xxiii of 
Desember 1586. 

Zour m. veray lufing freind at full power, 

nmmd {nvie^f i(mj/h" 

To the rycht honorabil Lard of Wester "Wems, my maist specyall gud freind, 

gew this. 

^ Original at Wemyss Castle, 


225. Sir William Douglas of Glenbervie, aftenvards ninth Earl of Angus, 
to Sir John Ogil\^ of Inverquharity, inviting his presence at the 
service of Sir William as heir to the Earldom of Angus. 7th 
January 1588.^ 

Eycht honorabill and traist freend, efter my hartle commendatioun. Acknaw- 
leging zow to be ane speciall freind of the hous of Angus, thocht it rneit and 
convenient to lat zow be informit that my breiwis of the erledome of Angus ar 
proclamit to be seruit heir in Edinbrucht befoir the ordinar maseris, be comrais- 
sioun, the saxt of Februar nixt. Quhairfoir I will requeist zow maist effecteusle, 
as ze tender the weill of that hous and name, to repair heir the thrid or feird of 
the said monethe at the farrest, that I ma haif zour guid consall and advyse the 
better to proceid in the said bussines afoir hand. Lyk as I putt zow to painis 
heirin, sua sail ze be assurit to haiff me reddye to do zow plesour in the lyk or 
grytar. Nocht douting of zour presence at the daye forsaid in respect of the 
weychttines of the caus and of this my first requeist, remittis the rest to zour 
cuminge, committis zow to God-. At Edinbrucht, the sevint daye of Januar 

I mon forther requist zow, sir, to caus Johne Stewen in Killemour extract my 
Lord of Angois sesing that last decessit, of his landis within the shirefdom of 
Forfar, becaus necessarlie it mon be at my seruice to instruct my breiff, quliilk 
is the day foirsaid. And gif the said sesing be in ane of the said Johne Stewenis 
buikis presentlie in zour handis, ze wilbe sa guid to latt him haue acces vnto tham 
to extract the samyn out of tham, for lyik as my predicessouris hes beine haralie 
with zour predicessouris, sua meyn I for my pairt to continew in freindschip 
towardis zow, not dowting to fynd serablabill guidwill on zour part, and zour 

ansuer agane in write 

Zour rycht assured guid freind, 

To the rycht honerable and his especiall guid frind the Laird otf Ennarquarrate. 
1 .Original in the Charter-cheat of Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity. 



226. George, sixth K\rl of Huntly, to Sir David Wemyss of, 
desiring his presence at the service of Sir William Douglas in the 
estates of Angus. Holyroodhouse, 31st January 1588.^ 

Eight trest freind, eftir hartle commendatioun. Ze sail wit that thair is a day 
of law, the V and vi day of Februar nixt, for serving of the Douglas of the landis 
of Angous and Mortoun ; and seing the nobill men heir ar to be accumpaneit 
the said tym with thair freindis, we haif thocht goud to wret for zow, maist 
eifecteusly desyring zow that ze will addres zow to be heir vpon Tuisday the 
fourt day of Februar, to accumpane ws the said tym of thair brewis, and tliat we 
mai haif zour a^^ys and counsall in sic aftaires as sail occur. This not douting ze 
will do, as we salbe radye to zow as zour occasion sail present. So to meting 
remitting, committis zow in the protectioun of God. At Haleruidhous, the last 
daye of Januer 1588. 

Youris guid freind assurit to pouar, 


To our richt trest freind, the Lard of Weyms of that Ilk. 

227. Receipt by D.we Jean Lyon, Countess of Angus, for certain 
writs in her possession. Edinburgh, 20th March 1588.2 
We, Dame Jeanne Lyoun, Countesse of Angus, grantis ws to haue deteynit in 
our handes the lettres under^vrittin, viz., ane nyntein yeir tak of the teindis of 
Elistoun, of the dait the 19 of October a thousand fyve hundrethe threescoir 
seventein yeiris ; ane nj-ntein yeir tak of the teinds of Aberdour, of the dait a 
thousand fyve hundrethe threscoir and fyftein yeirs, the penult of JMarche ; the 
reversioun givin be Sir Eobert Melvill of the lands of Graingemuir and Wood- 
feild ; the reversioun of Langtoun givin be James and Mungo Mure in Langtoun. 
And be thir presents testifies the said lettres not [to] be comprehended in the 
dischairge of the evidents and lettres of the eriedome of Morton and Dalkeith, 
giuin to ws be the Erie of Mortoun. For the quhilk lettres only above specifiit,' 
we salbe answerable as law wiU to ony pretending title to the same. In witnes 
quherof we have subscryvit this present with our hand, at Edinbrughe, the 
tuentie day of Merche a thousand fyve hundrethe fourscoir and audit yeirs, befor 

' Original at "Wemyss Castle. 

2 Original in the Charter-chest of the Ear] of Morton. 


thir witnes, George Douglas of Pairkheid. Mr. Nicol Dagleische, minister, Mr. 
Dauid Houme our servitour, with ather dyvers. 

Jene, Countes of Angus. 
Geo. Duglas, witnes. Mr. Dauid Houme, witnes. 

228. \ViLLiA^r, NINTH Earl of AnCxUS, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inver- 
quharity, announcing his intention of holding a Regality Court at 
Kirriemuir. 14th June 1589.^ 

Rycht trast frend, efter our hartlie commendatioun. For sick adois as ze knawe 
we hau bene occupied in at this conuentioun, 1 culd nocht haue the leissour 
to prefixe ane certane day to hald our court at Kerrymure quhill now ; therfor I 
mynd, God willinge, to cum my seltf and hald the said court at the place quhar 
it wsis to be haldeiue in Keirrymure, tlie audit day of Julie nixt, be nyne or ten 
houris befor none, and intendis to be in the said toun the sewent day at nycht 
abefoir the court with sowme frendis. Quhairfoir, ze sail aduerteis the inhabi- 
tantis of Keirrymure towne to mak prowysioun, boyth in wyne and aill and vther 
pertinences, for twa or thre day is at leist, and sicklyk ze mane cause our officiar 
[pas] throwowt the hale boundis of our regallitie of Anguis, and charge and 
warue the hale tennendre, nene beinge omittit, to meit ws thair at the said court 
at Keirrymure, the said audit day and our foirsaid, bringand with thame thair 
last infeftmentis haldin of ws and our predicessouris quhatsumeuir, to be seene 
and considered be ws, that ordour may be taiken thairin for ouris and tharis 
weOl, conforme to ressone and conscience. And that euery ane of thame may 
wnderstand thair dewtie thay awe wnto ws, and we lykwayis to obserwe the 
same wnto thame, I thocht it nocht nedfull to wreit particularlie to euery ane, 
bot remittis that to zour wysdom and derectioun, and the officiaris decretioun ; 
alvvay that nan pretend ignorance, bot [be] warned as said is, gif their neiddis ane 
precept to warne thame to the said court, caus our clerk maik ane precept, and 
derect [it] out in our name and our bailzeis, conforme to the ordour vsit a befoir, 
quhilk we sail admitt. I am nocht certane zeit quhat way I com to Keirrymure, 
Vot sail aduerteis zow ane day a befoir or tua, quhair we sail meit, quharof ze 
will mak Glasowall and wther barouns tharabout acquentit thairwith, as I sail 
aduerteis. I will drynk with zow or my returning thairfra, to wse zow as our 
predicessouris hes don zouris. Remitting the rest to be performed as said is, be 
zour discretioun, with ansuer to the berair, committis zow to God. Ze may derek 
^ Origiaal in the Charter-cliest of Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity. 




the clerk and official" to do it that appertenis to thar offices heirin, and to eik and 
pair to the premisses as is neidfull for the actioun. At Glenberuy, the xiiij Jay 
of Junij 1589. 

Zouris assured freiud, 

Gif ze think it meit that I wreit ony niissiuis to some special! barouns of our 
tenendrie to keipe the court, or zeit that it be neidfull that I subscrywe ony 
precept for the varninge to the court, send me the forme tharof, and I sail baist 
it to zow, -with the namis to quhome I sail wreit. 

To our rycht traist frend, the Lard of Inuerquharatie. 

229. William, ninth Eakl of Angus, to TnoiiAs, fifth Lord Boyd. 
Edinburgh, 2d August 1590.^ 
Pleis zour Lordship, I rasauit zour Lordshipis lettre this secuud off Agust, for 
to send sum frendis and servandis to zour Lordship agane the tent off this 
instant to Grugar for zour Lordshipis curt haldin thair, as zour Lordship writt, 
nochtwithstandin that the Lard Knokdoliane and I ar secund and thrid off kin ; 
zit I can nocht bot remembir the aid standain kindnes betuix owr housis, and to 
declar my gudwill to zowr Lordship in zour honest caus, I sail send my servandis 
off Douglas, and frendis in Cliddisdaill, to keip the day and howr and place 
apointit in zour Lordshipis lettre, that the cuntrie may knaw that owr frendshipis 
ar jwnit in the aid maner, witht sik vther plesour as I may do salbe redy to zour 
Lordshipis charge. Remittin the rest thair to, committis zour Lordship to God. 
At Edinburgh, the secund of Agust 1590. 

Zour Lordshipis awin cusing, assurit at pouar, 

Gif I haid nocht ane actioune heir in sessione witht his majestie, I suld nocht 
sparit my awin traveill in that caus. 

To my varay special! guid lord, my Lord Bold. 

^ Original Boyd Writ in Town-Clerk's office, Kilmarnock. 



Dunskellie, as to certain Border depredators. Douglas, 1 2th September, 

circa 1592.^ 
Kycht trest freiud, I resaifit zour letter declairing that swme of the Couchu-mes, 
vtherwayes callit Jhonstons, and their cwmpleiches to the nwmber of sevine, hes 
c\vine leitlie to Middilgill. and their hcs reisit fyir, and hes slaine zoung Mougo 
of Lokarhie, quhairof I Aves altogidder ignorant befoir the reseit of zour letter. 
Bot becaus I am vpoune Fredday nixt to repair toward his raaiestie, I will verray 
effectuslie request to vse no rigour nor hostilie, ether in bur[n]iug or slaing, vnto 
the tyme his maiestie and oonsall tek tryell in that metter, and efter my returne 
quhat his maiestie thinkis expedient I sail do for punisment of the wrang zour 
freindis hes resaifit. I sail nocht feill to put the same in executioune in all pojTittis 
to zour contentment. In suspending your -oTeithe and leiffin of all violent reweng, 
I dout nocht bot it salbe ane beginning of ane gretter quyett boytht to zour 
freindis and self, and it Avill mo we his Maiestie to be the mor fauorable vnto zow. 
I will wreitt to his Maiestie the morne, to the effect his maiestie may appoynt 
me ane certane day, quhane I sail cwme to his maiestie for sic speciall turnis I haif 
ado, and, conforme to his maiesties aduertisment, I sail wreitt to zow to cans 
Middilgill meit me in Dalkeyth to mek his complent. Eeturne me the tua 
assurances subscrywit be zour freindis, and siclyik the band Balcluche suld 
subscrywe, as also the cattolog of the fwit theiffis quhilkis ze promisit to me, fur I 
am informit they ar daylie commitand stowthes and doand wrangis. Latt me 
haif zour ansuer with the berar quhat I may expect at zour handis anent the 
premissis; and this for the present I commit t zow to Godis tuitioune. Frome 
Douglas, the xij of September. 

Zour verray assuirit freind, 

V. D. Erll Axguss. 

I haue wreittin instantlie to Drumlanrik werray quiklie anent your complent. 
and sell lat yow wnderstand off his ansuer. Balcleuche will meitt me in Edin- 
burgh about Sattirday or Sunday, and ye sell haue that c[l]auss in the band mendit 
as ze desyr. I sell send yow letteris to put the Cuchenis to the horn, for I assure 
yow this last fact selbe mendit, or than I se^ll want credite. It may be that this 
matter work zow a graitter weill.- 

To his speciall gud freind the Lard off Johnstoun off Dunskyly, knycht. 
^ Original Letter in Annandale Charter-cbest. 
- This postscript and the address are holograph of the Earl. 


231. William, tenth Earl of Angus, to Sir John Ogilvy of Tnver- 
quharity, requesting him to proclaim and hold a Court of Bailiary for 
the trj'ing of a case of nonentiy. Douglas Castle, 20th January 1 592.^ 

Right traist freiud, ef[ter our hairtlie comjmendationes. Wnderstanding that 
our freind and seruitour Maister Johno [. . } lies] ane actioun of nonentres of 
Gegy depending before our Justice of Keremur, [quhilk hes] restit still ever sen 
the deceis of vmquhile Erie Archibald our predecessour, being . . . the last and 
finall sentence procedit, in respect, as he sayis, litiscontestatioun was past and 
probatioun renuncit in the same caus ; and being of mynd that he be na langer 
frustrat of justice, Ave will desyre zow to caus proclame ane courte at sic tyme he 
sail aduerteis zow, and eftir mature deliberatioun tane in his said mater, ze will 
putt the same to ane finall poynt, and do thairin to his furtherance sua far as ze 
may of equitie and ressoun : and to that effect we gif zow our full commissioun 
to the concluding of the foirnamet actioun, promitten to hald ferme and stable, 
etc. Thus luiking ze will do, \xq commit zow to God. From the Castell of Douglas, 
the XX daye of Januar 1592. 

Zour assurit guid freind, 

V. D. Erll of Anguss. 
Enderquharitye, I will requeast zow to do conforme to the premissis, and lat 
this actioun be but forder delay put to some point. 

To our richt traist freind, the Laird of Innerquharietye. 

232. The Sa3IE to The Same, requesting that he would wait on his Lord- 
ship in Edinburgh and assist him with his counsel. Douglas, 12th 
January 1601.^ 

Richt assurit freynd, forsamekle as the tent day off Februar nixttocum is assignit 
to me and all otheris to produce befoir his Maiestie and Counsall our clames and 
titillis quhair we acclame honouris and places in parliamentis and generall coun- 
sallis, or neuir to be hard thaireftir, quhilk day, God willing, I purpois to keip ; 
and seing that mater tendis sa heichlie to the honour of my hous, it is necessar 1 
be accumpaneit with my freyndis, and esteming zow ane of the special], I will 
thairfoir richt effectiouslie requeist zow to be in Edinburgh the nynt day off the 

1 Original in the Charter-chest of Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity. ''' Original torn. 

3 Original in the Charter-chest of Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity. 




said moneth, that I may haiff zour counsall with the rest of my freyndis in that 
mater, lyk as ze sail find me redie at all occasionis till acquite zow, and sua to 
meiting committis zow to Godis protectioun. Off Douglas, the xij of Januar 1601. 

Zour assurit freynd, 

I dout nocht hot ze will obey this my requeist, becaus ze come nocht the 
last I wrait for zow. 

To his richt traist freynd, the Laird of Innerquharratie. 

233. The Same to The Same, requesting that he would attend upon his 
Lordship during the sitting of the ensuing Parliament, loth March 
RiCHT assuirit freind, I dout nocht hot ze haue hard of the proclamatioun of the 
Parlament to the tent of Aprill, and the warning maid to the haill nobilitie and 
estaitis thairto. It being our honor to be honestlie accompaneit with our freindis 
according to our estait, we haue thocht meit to desir zow, as ane of our special), 
to be present withe ws, and that ze addreis zow heir twa or thre dayes befoir, 
that we may haue zour adwyse, withe the rest of our honourable freindis, in all 
matteris requisit, as ze sail haue power to command ws as occatioun sail offer. 
Referring the rest to meitting, we commit zow in the protectioun of the Euerlasting. 
From Edinburgh, the fyvtein day of Marche 1604. 

Your assuirit guid freind, 

V. D. Erll Angus.s. 
To his richt traist freind, the Laird of Innerquharratie. 


234. The Sa^ie to The Same, intimating that he intended to spend a 
night with him shortly. Edinburgh, 31st March 1G06.^ 

Trustie and luiffing freind, ze sail wit that I haue appointit to be vpoun the 
grund of contravertit land betuix Pittarro and Edzell the xxviij of Apryll nix- 
tocum ; and becaus that I resolue to speik with my tennentis of Keremure anent 
the libertie of thair burgh, thairfoir I thocht meit to aduerteis zow that I will be 
with zow ane nicht ather in the weik efter Pasche, quhilk will be my furthgoing, 
or ellis in my heamcuming, quhilk will be in the weik efter law Sounday, and this 
I thocht gude to mak zow aduertisit of. And sua to farder occasioun I rest, 

Zouris assurit freind, 

V. D. Erll Anguss. 
Edinburgh, xxxj Martij 1606. 

To his rycht traist freind, Sir Johne Ogiluie of Inderquharatie, knycht. 

235. The Saaie to his Brother-in-Law, William Forbes of Monymusk, as 
to the latter's dispute with Cluny, 15th June 1610."- 

[Paris], the 15 of June 1610. 
Loving BKOTHERj I receaved your letter, and I am sory my Lord Huntlie hes 
misvset yow by your merit and deserving. My opinion is that ye sute your 
landis hauldand of the King, quhilk I believe sail relieve yow from Clunie's regal 
baillerie, or at the leist seing ye have a baillerie of your awin includet within your 
chartour lang before his richt, and in my opinion ye hauld these landis blanche, 
and consequentlie will aw na sutes to his regall court, I thinke ye can not be 
mikle hurt be ony posterior tytle of baillerie or regalitie ; bot ye sail not blame 
me heiranent, for ye had the forming of the decreit be your awin men of lawes 
ad\'j-se, for I will wryte nothing to the Marquis of Huntlie at this present, for 
sick occasiones as the beirer will shaw yow at more lenthe. My counsell is, that 
ye cause Glcnbervie travell with Clunie, and sie gif ye can get a new translation 
of that baillerie in your person and in your aires, and set him some tackes of 
his teindis to that effect, for the baillerie of regalitie will make yow to have a 
dependence of the hale cuntrey, and quhat rackes suppose ye give some of your 
geir mair nor it is worthe, to put your house in peace and quyetues. I am very 

^ Original in the Charter-chest of Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity. 
- Original at Monymusk. 


sory that Mr. Joline sould have done ony thing till offend or dishonour yow or 
your bairues, and I haue wryten a letter of re})roofe to him concerning that 
mater, for seing ye gat hot litle tocher gude with our sister, it was the leist thing 
we could give yow our kyndnes and gudwill ; hot quhere he hes offendet, gif ever 
I come in Scotland againe, I sail make yow ane mendis ; and I am sory that I 
have not the coramoditic at this tyme to be present, that I micht serve yow and 
other friendis in all your particular adoes ; and seing your dochter is mariet, my 
opinion is that ye let the letters desert against all parties, for it will be bot charge- 
able to you and na profite, and ye will conqueis bot inmitie of the Frasers and of 
the Gordounes of Abirgeldie. I have beine somthing sieklie, bot now, God be 
praiset, I am weill. Thair is na newes heir bot sicke as the beirer will shaw 
yow in ane particular letter. The King was slane the 14 of May eftir our count, 
vnhappilie, be ane dispairet fallow, ane of his awin subiectes of Angolesme, called 
Francis Ravaillac. He stude to his defence that he had done it iustlie, till his 
latter hour, and wauld nather crave God nor this King pardon for the same, albeit 
bathe the doctoures of Sorbone and the court of Parliament delt with him for 
that effect. He hes accuset na man quhatsomeever to be airt or pairt of that 
deid bot onlie himself, and said he was movet to do the same for sicke vane 
reasones that war lang to wryte. The Prince of Condy is daylie expected heir 
from Flanders, and gif the Princes of France agrie amang thameselves, as I thinke 
they sail do, thair will be nathing heir bot peace and quyetnes. The King was 
proclamet on the morne efter the King's deathe, Louis the 1 3, be the Parliamentis 
of France. He is to be anoyiited at fihemes the 2G of Julij, and the hale officers 
of estate and governoures of provinces and townes ar to be continewet as the war 
in the last Kings tjTne. And thus my hartlie comendationes rememberet to my 
sister your bedfellow, your son William, and your bairnes, I rest, 

Your loving brother, 

V. D. Erll Angus. 

To his loving brother the Laird of Monimus, this be delyverit. 

236, The Same to [Address wanting], with information as to the family 
honours. [Holograph. Xo date.] 

CousiNG, I will effectuislie request yow and my cusin Spott to lat his majestie see 
the premissis, and to intrait his sacret majestie to considder heirof as affairis, and 
to remember the jniid seruice the name of Douglas hes done for the libertie of 


thair countray in tyms bypast, for this is the recorapance and reward we inioye 
and possessis for the lyfis and bkiid that hes bein prodigallie spentt in his 
majesties anticessouris of worthie memorie, kingis of Scotland, just quarell and 
defence ; and siclyk I will desyr yow to acquent the Erll of Northehamtoun 
heirwith, and mak my maist afFectionat commendatiouns to his honour, becaus I 
was acquented with him at Barweik. The rest I remitt to your discretioun, and 
to my cusin Spottis ; and thus I tak my leif, remaning ewir your 

Luifin cusing, 

V. D. Erll Anguss. 

237. "WiLLLAJM, ELEVENTH Earl OF Angus, to SiR JoHN Ogilvy of Inver- 
quharity, knight, sent by Laurence Oliphant to receive pistols from 
Sir John, according to previous agreement. 1st April 1612,^ 

LowT[NGE freind, this present is, I hawe send my serwand Lawrence Olyphant to 
zow for to resawe the pistuUis, as ze promeist at our last meitinge ; as also I will 
desyre zowe to gif him informatione with the markis of the gowne that Sir 
Archballd Douglas his of the Laii'd of Logie that was zouris, as I haw wrytten 
to him for hir to that effect. Swa not ellis for the present, I rest, 

'U/r /£///rifZ/r/^ 

Thamtalen, the 1 of Apryle 1612. 

To the rycht worschipfull and his lomng freind, Sir Jhone Ogelbe of 
Innerquharetie, knycht. 

238. The SA:yiE to The Sajsie, intimating that his Lordship was to defend 
in an action raised by the town of Forfar against his burgh of 
Kirriemuir. 21st May [c. 1622].2 

Rycht traist freind, I resauit zour lettre, quhairin I persaifF the toun of Forfar 

hes chargit the inhabitantis of my burgh of Kilemure for dissesting fra all trade 

1 Original in the Charter-chest of Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity. ^ /j^_ 


and trafique of mercatis, wairis, and selling, etc., as nocht beand fre burgh ; and 
thairfoir, becaus it is preiudiciall to my previlege and libertie of my regalities, I am 
to defend and manetein that mater, and, according to zour desyre, hes writtin at 
lentht to Maister Williame Oliphant to mak ansuer for my said burgh of Kilemure 
in the reasoning of the suspensioun, quhilk I dout nocht hot ze haif causit deliver to 
him, seing the day of comperance is on Tyisday next. Farder, ze moist schaw 
Logy Wischert that, in regaird he hes nocht keipit bot disappointit me of my money, 
I have him registrat at the home, quhairfoir I will haif him to compone for 
his brek and disappointing me at this terme, since my adois tendis to my credite, 
quhilk in a part zour self knawis. Swa having no forder for the present, I rest, 

Zouris assureit freind, 

Dowglas, 21 May. 

To my rycht assureit freind, the Laird of Innerquharritie. 

239. Sir George Auchinleck, Lord Balmanno, to [Address wanting], 
relative to the claim by William, eleventh Earl of Angus, to the 
lands of Auchinleck. [Contemporary copy, circa 1627.] 

Luffing frind : For ansuer to zour last lettre concerning the leving of Auchlek, 
I remember I was present at ane consultatioun with my Lord and his aduocatis, 
sen his lordschipis cuming hame out of Fraunce, quharin it was than sett doun 
quhat course my Lord suld follow out concerning his titill to thais landis. Bot 
thair was ane contracte or copie of ane indentur fund passit betuix Archibald 
Douglas of Glenbervie, quha was my Lordis grandschir, and sone to Elizabeth 
Auchinlek, on the ane part, and Boswell of Auchiniek on the wther, quhairin 
the said Archibald renu[n]cis all rycht he or his airis may clame or pretend to 
thais landis of Auchinlek : we culd sie nothing bot ane copie of ane inhibitioun 
raisit vpoun this contract or indentur quhilk buir the contentis thairof xVnd 
the aduocatis thocht that gif this contracte was extant, it wald debar my Lord 
fra ony clame to thais landis. They advyisit my Lord ather to serve him self air 
to Elizabeth, or to Sir William Douglas of Braid wod, knycht, spous to the said 
Elizabeth, quha was infeft in thais landis be Mr. John Auchinlek, father-brother 
to the said Elizabeth. This !Mr. John had a sone callit James Auchinlek, quha 
maried ane of the thrie dochteris and airis of vmquhill Sir Adame Hepburn of 

Craigis, and thairby acquyirit the tlirid part of the said Sir Adame Hebbuniis 
landis. The said James begat on the said heretrix Hebpuru a sone callit William, 
quha succeedit to his mother in the thrid part landis pertening to the said 
vmquhill Sir Adame, and was called Laird of Schethin. This William had no 
airis maill, bot fyve dochteris, quha war all maried, and hes childrene come of 
thame : bot in his awin tyme he sauld his land to my father, and, with the pryce 
thairof, tocherit his dochteris. Be quhat rycht thir Boswellis bruikis the landis 
I cannocht tell ; bot it is ather be ane gift of recognitioun or nonentrie, as I snppone. 
Gif my Lord serve himself air to ony of his predecessouris thiit war last infeft in 
thais landis, he may, be ane summoundis of improbatioun, gett productioun of all 
Boswellis rychiis. I may persuad zow that James Auchinlek of Tueidie hes no 
thing that may awaill in this earand ; for gif he or his father or gudschir had had 
ony wreattis concerning the landis, my father wald haif gottin thame ; and gif 
they had come in my handis, they suld haif bene als readie as gif they had bene 
in my Lordis chartour kist, to serve his Lordschipis earaund. For it wald be ane 
great pleasure to me to sie his Lordschip, that richtlie is discendit of that hous, 
and is to me and myn as he is, inioy that leving rather nor ane strangear, with 
quhome I haif no kynd of obligatioun. Gif the foirsaid contracte cut nocht aff 
my Lord fra his rycht, I houp his Lordschip sail mak a brangill to his advauntage : 
and I wisch at God I niicht mak ony help thairto. 

240. William, MARQns of Douglas, to Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity, 
requesting him to pursue in the Bailie Court of the Regality of 
Kirriemuir the Laird of Fintrie, for violent occupation of the lands 
held by David Douglas. Edinburgh, 8th April 1642.^ 

EYCHTassuritfreind, ze sail ressaue thir varningisofmyne, and direct zourofficiaris 
to thame lauchfullie in dew tyme aganis sic as appertenis. As to Ft-ntrie, I 
send zow ane decreit of removing obtenit be me aganis vmquhile Dauid Dowcrlus, 
to persew Fentrie in zour court as succeding in the vice and violent occupatioun of 
Dauid Dowglas, for the bjTunis awand me be Dauid Dowglas and thois aganis 
quhome I obtenit that decreit. Thair is no law nor ressone that can purge any 
personis fact or wrangous deid quha maliciouslie intrudis him in possessioun of 

^ Original in the Charter-chest of Sir Johu Ogilvy of Inveniuharity. 


quhatsumewer personis landis be frjiud that can debar the heritour or titular of 
thois landis frome his rentis and dewetes. Bot the persone intrusar of all necessitie 
is lyabill to the heretour for the byrun maillis of the landis he wrangouslie intrudit 
himselff in but consent of the heretour. Fentrie is schireff himselff of Angus. 
I dout nocht he is ignorant of this forme of proces, and this I Avilbe ansuerabill to 
zow is the custome and practik of this cuntrie, bothe befoir the Lordis of Sessioun 
and als in all vtheris judicatoreis within this kingdome, quhairin I am certanlie 
resoluit. It is no freindlie delling to Fentrie to intrude him in my landis, and 
bothe abstract the deweteis awand me be my taxisman and the dewetie sen his 
occupatioun, quhilk is xiii or xiiii zeiris. Thairfoir do me iustice, and lett thir 
byrunis be adiwgit and decernit to me in zour court of all zeiris bypast to this 
hour, and I sail tak the most discreit way in tyme cuming to sattill that mater 
with ressone. Sen I can haue no vther delling in that bissines but be rigour, lett 
the mater go so on. I am no to blame to seik this deweteis restand this fourtene 
zeiris. In just jugement the reteneris thairof ar nocht blameles, quha bothe 
intrudit him selfF in thois landis, and retenis my deweteis but my consent. 
Giff PitmoAvis zour discharge for his byrun few maillis, quhilk sal be sufficient 
for him, and he sail haue my discharge conforme to zouris quhen he pleissis. I 
houp ze salbe ane rewlar of all my pepill in thois boundis of Kerimure, and sie 
that no wrang be tane nor done be any of tham to vtheris, and ressaue Omocheis 
few maillis, quhome I haue wrettin to giff zow thame, and giff him zour discharge 
thairof sen the dait of his chairtour. I rest and sail reraane, 

Zour assurit freind, 

Edinburgh, 8th Aprile 1642. 

What siluer yow gait giue to Condie, and wreitt to me what yow giue him : 
and if the Lerd off Fentrie do a dewtie, go fordwar with him, accordingly as I haue 

To his trest freind, the Laird of Innerquharitie. 


241. William, first Marquis of Douglas, to the Laird of Gaigie 
[Guthrie], as to Hume of Godscroft's book. Douglas, 2oth January 

Douglas, the 25 Januar 1644. 
Trest freind, I ressaued your lettre conceruing that book quhilk Anna Home is 
to caus print, to send all my observatiounes of the errouris thairof. Ye know I did 
delyver to yow sindrie in writ, and can not in such ane tyme, vpon ane suddentie, 
send them all to yow, nor yit can get the trew coppie to be so tymouslie printed ; 
and quhairas ye say it may possiblie goe verie hard vnles tliat I compone with 
them, quhilk will stand me verie deare, I am content, as I spak to yourselff, to pay 
a pairt, and to let hir have the benefeit of the trew richt coppie, bot not that I 
sould pay for all, for it concerns my sone and the rest of our freindis of the name 
moir nor it does me, in respect of my old age, and it sail be knowne heirefter that 
I have takin moir nor extraordinar paines in that busines, sua I mvst not beir the 
burding of all thingis, for considering all particularis, I have moir adoe nor I have 
quhairvpon to doe it. I have gottin ane chairg from the Chanceler for xxiiij"^ 
pund of annuitie, to be payit within sex dayes, quhairintill my sone hes moii- 
entres than I, I being bot lyferenter, and God knowes how long. Quhat newis ye 
have ye may writ with the beirer in assurance ; noclit farder, I rest, 

Your loveing freind, 

W"^ Douglass. 
To my trest freind, the Laird of Gaigie. 

242. The Same to The Same, desiring a special visit. Douglas, 30th 

January 1644.^ 

Douglas, the 30th of Januar 1644. 
Eight assured frind ; since your parting from this ther ar certaine occations oc- 
cured, wherin I am to express my self to some of my particulare frinds, and ther 
ar few that I uill craiue ther opoynon befor yow. Heir-for these ar to requair yow 
most eamistly to be heir upon Tuisday nixt, and for that end I have derectit thir 
lynes in dev tyme to have the assurance of your keipeing the forsaid apoyntment. 
The expectation therofF sail moue me to send yow into Edinburgh my wa}'fes 

^ Original at Guthrie Castle. * IbUl. 


baiknay horse vpon Monday iiixt, beseeching that non earthly haue notice of your 
heir coming that it is be ray instigation. Sua rerneitting all to meitting, I rest, 

Your good frind, 

W" Douglass. 

I dout not bot yow will haist the bairrair bak -with all dilligence, since he hath 
no other thing to attend bot your ansuer ; your remaining heir sail nut be aboue 
twa nights. 

For the Leard otf Gaigie, my speciall good frind. 

243. The Same to The Same, desiring a visit. Douglas, 3d February 1644.^ 

Douglas, the 3 February 1644. 
Right assuired freind, I ressaued your lettre, quhairin ye writ that ye have spokin 
with Islv. Laurence severall tymes about my valuatiounes, to the effect that 
thairby my pairt of the annuitie micht be knowin, bot hes gottin nothing bot 
delayes, quhilk hes maid me to send in my clerk to him thairanent and sindrie 
vther particular busines, for generall lettres gettis onlie generall ansueris. As also 
I have sent in to yow my wyffes paissit naig, and will desire yow to cum west 
heir to me, sua soone as convenientlie ye may cum efter the sicht heirof, if it 
could be the morrow efter, to the effect ye may returne the sooner bak againe. 
So nocht farder, expecting yow will bring with yow sick newis as accordis, I rest, 

Your verie loveing freind, 

"\Y"- Douglass. 

To my richt assuired freind, the Laird of Gaigie, delyuir this as its <lerect on 
the bake. 

244. The Same to The Same, thanking him for news. Douglas, 
25th February 1644.2 

Douglas, the 25 of Februar}' 1644. 
Assured frind, I receuitt yours from my seruand, James Douglas, by the which I 
do giue yow thanks for your nouels, and as thai accure with yow I alvayes expect 
til be perticepant. Sir William wreitt to me the lyke, but with this addition, that 

' Original at Guthrie Castle. ' Ibid. 


our peiple haiJ taikin on Colonell Branlie and 5 fut couUouris. Howsoeuir, beliue 

I leuked all the fyres in the castell, and the best for the tyme was in the hall, which 

I put your lettre in thi- meidest thairof, witnis my wayfe Maill, as on all occations 

I sail do to the rest of yours ; and in the maintyrae remember me to your good 

frind, the Commissaire Aikinhaid, as I do remaine, 

Your verie louing frind, 

W** Douglass. 
For my good frind, the Leard of Gaigie. 

245. The Sa^ie to The Sa^vie, in reference to the history of the Douglas 
family. Douglas, 10th March 1644.^ 

Douglas, the 10 March 1644. 
Right assuired freind, I have written to Mr. William Drumond, desireing him to 
cum heir sua soone as convenientlie he may, that I may speik with him concerning 
the historic of Douglas. Thairfoir I will desire yow delyver this vther lettre to 
him, and vse the best meanes yourselff with him to cans him cum heir, for I 
thought maist fite that ye sould be the delyverer of my lettre, to the effect that 
ye may speik with him and furder him heir. Nocht farder, I rest. 

Your verie guid freind, 

W"- Douglass. 
To my richt assuired freind, the Laird of Gaigie. 

246. The Same to The Same, desiring advice as to certain matters. 
Douglas, 17th March 1644.2 

Douglas, the 17 of March 1644. 
Right assuired freind, I ressaued ane lettre from my baillie, the Laird of Inner- 
quharritie, desireing ane tak of the customes of Keremuire from me, quhich I have 
delayed to give him a particular ansuer, to the effect I may first speik with yow 
and have your advyse thairintill. Secondlie, concerneing that busines betuix 
Fentrie and me, quhilk is remittit to yow, I wald desire yow that ye will put it 

^ Original at Guthrie Castle. ^ y^j^/ 


to sum point, for ye know quhat I may get aff him be la\v, thairfoir let it be no 
longer delayit. So nocht farJer, I rest, 

Your verie loveing freind, 

W" Douglass. 

I expect the assurance of some nouels in regard of the certaintie of this 
bairrair, as also remember me to my good frind the Commissare Aikinhaid. 

To my verie loveing freind, the Laird of Gaigie. 

247. The Same to The Same, acknowledging receipt of news. 1 7th [ ] 164-4.^ 

The 17 of this instant, 1644. 
Aproued frind, I uald not suffir the berrair, James Ore, the cotchman, pass from 
this without glueing assurance to yow that I receuitt your lettre, as also ane other 
from our good frind, with the newes, and ane copie of the ansuer of that letter 
which hath bein wreitten from the Gouernor of Newcastell to Argille and Sir 
William's arrmie. And show our good frind that all the nouels whicli comes from 
him I do bourne them, only I keip the copie off the lettre, becaus itt hath good 
sence, and weill penid. Expecting the nouels as occation offirs, quhatt hath past 
since, for its reported heir my Lord off Lanrik hath escaped (in assurance) and 

coming doun by sie, I rest, 

Your good frind, 

W Douglass. 
For my good frind, the Leard of Gaigie. 

248. The Same to John, E.a.rl of We^H'-ss. Douglas, 30th March 1649. 

[Contemporary Copy.]- 

My honorabill Lord, since I find by my sone Angus that he hath cast his 
affectione vpon a young lady, your grandchild, and that he assoures me boeth of 
hir gooduill touards him, and of your Lordships and hir parents inclination till 
accept of his offir of seruice to you, I uas Avilling, by this, to signifie to your 
Lordship not only the satisfactione I haue in my sones now settling of himself, 
as I haue thirto beine pressing him heirtofor, l)ut also my hartly consent to your 
allyance, and his maching uith your family, nocht doubting but you uill now 
concure in a speciall ceare and respect of the uele and standing of my house. So 
^ Original at Guthrie Castle. * Original at Weinyss Castle. 


I doe intrat your Lordship to remember my blissing to your child, till I haue the 
occasione myself to assoure hir of prouing a kind father, as I shall euir remeane, 
Your Lordships most reall and louing freind, 

W" Douglass. 
Douglas, the 30 of March 1G49. 

For my honorabill good Lord, the Earle of Weemes. 

This is the true copie of the j\Lirquisse of Douglas letter to John, Earl of 
Wemyss, viider his own hand and seale.^ 

249. The Same to the Laiud of Gagie, desiring a visit on business. 
Perth, 6th September IGSO.^ 

St. Johnstone, Cth September 1650. 
Eight assured friend, I marvell, yow knowing me to have been so long in this 
toune, thatt yow would not be att the paines to come and visitt your old friend ; 
therefore these are to desyre yow immediatlie vpon sight heerof to be pleased to 
come heare to St. Johnstone, thatt I may spealce with yow about some bussiness 
of concernment, which att meetting I shall show yow. So vndoubtedly expecting 
your comeing, I remaine, 

Your very assured friend, 

W"- Douglass. 

The continowance of my kjiidnis is such as to say that God nor Gaigie gait 
him who is his humble servand. Douglass doith kiep ane mirrie man to the foir in 
all inquities of tymes which doith presantt. I expect your being heir on Monday 

For his very assured friend, the Laird of Guthrie — These. 

250. Akchibald, Earl of Angus, eldest son of William, first Marquis of 
Douglas, to the Laird of Guthrie, desiring the latter to come to 
Perth for the King's Coronation. Dundee, 11th December 1650.^ 

Dundie, this 11 December 1650. 
My awn Laird, I doe assuredly blame the miscarying of my letter, that yow came 
not to me hither, for their be diuerse things I wold haue spoken of with yow, 

^ This note ami the copy letter itself are holograph of Lonl Weinysa. 
- Oricfinal at Guthrie Castle. ^ Ibid. 




Alwyse I pray yow, if yow haue put an end to my busines with my Lady Kingorn 
or Clauerliouse, send me word so soon as yow can if yow come not your self to 
Perthe, for if the coronation hold on the first of January {as I know nothing to 
the contrary), I must desire yow, with my other freinds and vassalls, to come to me 
their against that tym. I know yow will remember what money yow expect to 
get me, that it be in gold so much as yow can. The Laird of Poury beeing heer 
at this tym, hath been waiting on me. • I know yow will see my sister at your 
first coming to this toun. So till I hear from yow again, I will saye no mor by 
paper, bot rests, 

^f/' (^ir^i4i- J^nU 

For my assured freind, the Laird of Guthry. 

25 L The Same to The Same, on business. Perth, 19th December 1650.^ 

Perth, the 19 of December 1650. 
Most loving freind, since the dyet of the Kinges coronation is to hold (God 
willing) the first of Januarie, at which tyme I intend to waite vpon his Majestic, 
accompanied with my best freinds, these are therefor to intreat yow to let me 
have your company at this occasion, and for this effect that yow would be pleased 
to be heir at me vpon Tuysday, the last of this moneth, wherin yow sail doe me a 
singular favour, and obleidge me to remayne. 

Your most affectionat freind, 


I haue resaued your last from Dundie, and if yow finde these parties become 
less earnest than they wer in their awn busines, yow shall not press them farder. 

^ Original at Guthrie Castla 


bot only since yow know we had condiscended with the one party on ane express 
soum. Now, if the sam be not broght to me with their writes, to be subscriued at 
your nixt coming to me, yow sail exoner both yourself and me, if heerafter I stand 
not to the bargain which once I was content of; and for the other, as I told yow 
how easily I Avoid be pleased with what wer offerred me in a hearty way and 
tymously, yet if this occasion be neglected, he may finde me not alwyse in so good 
a tune. 

For my most loving freind, the Laird of Guthry. 

252. The Same to The Same, desiring his presence and advice. Dundee, 
25th February [1051].^ 

Dondie, 25 February [1651]. 
My honest Guthry, — I perswad my self still my letters and my sisters haue been 
miscaryed that you came not to us heer. Our chief business with yow was 
(becaus of my dearest sisters resolution to goe ouer seas) to haue your assistance 
and aduyse in som things concerning her, as she will tell yow whensoeuer yow 
will come hither to see her; and if yow can not get leasure or occasion to come so 
farr as Perthe to see a creple man, I will entreat yow to wryt to me if yow haue 
gotten any thing done in these business now so long delayed, or else if yow [haue] 
giuen it ouer with the partys that I may be at my witts end clearly theiranent. 
Thus expecting your answer, I rest, 

Your euer louiug freind, 


Jeane Lindesay wonders she has not gotte answer of that letter I gaue yow 
for her grandmother. That yong woman is with my wyf at Perth, wher she has 
fallen sick lately of the small pocks, bot I hope she shall be well. 
For my assured freind, the Laird of Guthry. 

253. The Same to The Same, as to the Earl's admiralty jurisdiction in 
Dundee. Dundee, 9th April [1G5 l].2 

Dundy, this 9 of Apryl [1051], in the morning. 
My honest Guthry, — Being called for to tliis toun be my chylds sicknes (which 
is prouen missells, and not the small pocks, I thank God), I fand heir a process 
^ Original at Guthrie Castle. 2 /^_/_ 

betuixt two skippers befor the Admiral Court, wlierin I did resolue to sitt judge 
myself, and so sent to the magistrats of the toun that their tolbooth might be 
patent for me to hold a Court of Admirality theirin, which they did indeed 
ciuilly and courteously content me in, only alledged they behoued to make a pro- 
testation that it might not be prejudicial to their awn right of admirality, which 
they could not produce, in respect of their clerk, Sir Alexander Wetherburns 
absens this day, bot they promise to send it to me to St. Johnstoun, and this I 
wold haue been satisfyed with, if I had gone on in my court ; bot finding the 
citations and proces aforsaid to be in the name of the magistrats heer, as admiral- 
deputs of the Duke of Lennox, I resolued to caus alter the summons, and trans fen- 
the cause to St. Johnston, Avherof I thoght good to acquent yow that I wold 
noways acknowlege their right heer till I shall see the sam. I long for your 
resolution to me anent the admirality of Mernes, which I wold as willingly lay 
upon any of Arbuthnets freinds as himself. I hope yow will hasten me a resolu- 
tion also in my other businesses as soon as yow can ; you know my meaning ; and 
thus desyring by your answer to know the receit heerof, I rest, 

Yours euer, 


I told yow of a busines of myn which was thoght wold anger som people, and 
tindeing in effect it wold doe so, I was content to contryue my busines another 
way rather than disobblige for such a busines that I haue done now better to my 
awn myud. 

254. The Same to The Sa:me, in reference to misconduct of Ogilvy of 
Innerquharity towards Guthrie. Perth, 10th May [1651].^ 

Perth, 10 May [1651]. 
My HONE.ST AND DEAR GuTHRY, — I was much surprysed that I neuer heard of that 
rencounter yow haue had with that humorous and idle yong man Innerwharity 
till yesternight, be my father, at his return heer from Angus. Wherupon I 
haue sent this gentlman to my Lord Airly and my Lord Ogilby, the yong muns 
kinsman and colonel, who, I trust, will not permitt any that commands his 
troupes to make use of their charge in such a kynd ; and treuly, if they doe not 

^ Original at Guthrie Castle. 

resent the busines as they should, it shall not passe. Wherfor I haue willed 
the bearer to acquent yow with the tenor of my letters, and whatsoeuer answer 
he resaues from these Loids, that we may resolue what course to take in a 
busines so reflecting, wherof I entreat yow to wryt me the true naration, beoaus 
I will represent to his Majesty, for the good of his awn seruice, that such things 
be taken order with in tym ; and thus, till your answer, I rest, 

Your euer louing freind, 


Acquent me if yow resaued a letter I did wryt to yow from Dundy at my 
being their the last monthe. For newes, their is much din among us for general 
officers. Pitscotty and Colonel Dalyell (that stiff Irish engager) should be general 
majors to the foot. Great pressing for Calander to be ouer D[avid] Lesly, and 
greater opposition, himself refusing thogh all should agree for him. For priuat 
newes, our consign Jane Lindesay will mary the Lord Torfichen, and I haue 
agreed to it heartely, thogh her unkle, my Lord AVeyms, will not yet consent. I 
think myself uevy much beholding to this unkle of Torfichens, who, finding me 
so to resent this cariage of Innerwharities, when I was aduysing whom to employ 
to Angus theiranent, did offer himself to cary my letters, and to doe me the best 
seruice he could in the busines. So till I hear from yow again, farewell. 

For my louing freind, the Laird of Guthry. 

255. William, IVL^.quis of Douglas, to The Same, in reference to attack 
on the house of Guthrie. Perth, 2 2d May 1651.^ 

Perth, 22 May 1651. 
Most assured friend, I am exceeding sorie for that accident hes befallen yow. 
Housoone I gott intelligence of itt by your brother-in-law, I spoke with my 
Lord Hume, uho much resents the bussiness, as yow may parceave by his owne 
letter, and hes sent ordouris to Collonell Hume very tymelie this morneing to 
secure all of them, till they be brought to condigne punishment. He protests if 
they come in his hands, so farre as his power may reach, there shalbe none spaired 
that had an hand in the fact. There was no furder I could demand of the 
nobleman for his part. I wrytt with your brother to my sonne Ajigus, and to 

* Original at Guthrie Castle. 


Mordingtoune, who are both at Stirling. I say no more, butt be assured to the 
vtmost of niy power I shall labour to sie yow repaired, and restis, 

Your very assured friend, 

W** Douglass. 

For my very assured friend, the Laird of Guthrie — These. 

256. Archibald, K\rl of Angus, to The Same, regretting an attack upon 
Guthrie House by some troopers. Perth, 25th May [1651]. 

Perth, 25 May [1651]. 
My dear Guthry, — Hauing been with the King at Sterlin the begining of this 
last week, and coming back from thence be the coastsyd of Fyf, that way I missed 
your brother-in-law, •»'ho they tell me went from this to Sterlin, and was grieued 
to the heart at my return yesternight late to understand of that misfortune 
befallen yow from these barbarous villains. I thoght once to haue corned straight 
to yow to see how yow are, and to see a course taken and execution done upon 
them, who I am glad yet to hear ar taken ; bot I haue been aduysed to stay here 
now till your brothers return from Sterlin, that I may know first what he has gotten 
done their from the King or Parliament now sitting, for which effect I haue also 
written to Sterlin, in case he be not yet dispatched as I wold wish. In the mean 
tym I haue sent this bearer to bring me word how yow are, and if these cut- 
throates be all taken, also that yow may let me know if yow desyr my coming 
their, what tym yow wold haue me to be at yow, or what course will be best to 
be taken in jugeing and examineing these men, whither by the ordinary and 
legall way, or by a counsell of wan*. I entreat yow to cause wryt to me at lenth, 
and send me word particularly what may be fittest both for your good and your 
honour to be repaired, as also for my interest and relation to yow, as who shall 
proue while I line, 

Your most aflTectionat freind, 


Resaue these other two letters, the one from my father, the other from my 
Lord Hoom. 

For the Laird of Guthry. 


257. The Same to the Laird of Edzell, urging him to diligence against 
the troopers who had attacked Guthrie House. Perth, 27th 
May [1651].! 

Perthe, 27 May [1651]. 
Sir, — There is a commission directed to yow as Sheriff of the shyr to apprehend 
and examine these cut-throats (rather than troupers) who haue committed that 
insolencie in the house of Guthry, which all noblemen and barons wold look on 
as an ill preparatiue from sojours. So these are to shew yow that gentlman 
Guthry is my special! freind, and the baillye of my regality their. Wherfor I 
will entreat yow, for my respect and interest, to take the mor paines to examine 
narowly and search out who may be suspected to haue had any hand in this fact, 
and it shall be an obligation I shall owe to yow while I Hue. 

Your cousigue her matche is going on with the Lord Torfichen, and I think 
they will mary this week in a priuat way, as most suitable for these tjTnes. We 
shall be glad to see yow heer at your coming into these partes, and that yow 
wold bring with you that contract, to let us haue a sight of it. Thus till I see 
yow or hear from yow, I rest, 

Your most affectionat freind and seruant, 


For my much honoured friend, the Laird of Egyell. 

258. The Same to the Laird of Guthrie, in regard to the same matter. 
Perth, 27th May [1651J.2 

Perth, 27 May [1651], 
My honest Guthry, — I did wryt to yow with my man, who I hope is with yow 
be for tliis, so as I haue no mor to say with this bearer, since he has gotten a 
commission, bot that I wish he had addressed himself to my unkle Mordintoun 
at Sterlin, to whom my father directed him in my absens. Now, at my mans 
return, or so soon as this bearer comes to yow, I will expect to hear back from 
yow what my cariage may be, and if yow wish my coming to yow their, or to 
bring a mor ample commission with me for doeing justice on these murtherers. 

^ Original at Guthrie Castle. ^ Ihid. 


In the mean tym I beseek yow take a good heart to your self, and I shall omitt 
nothing, God willing, that lyes in my power to Avitnes how farr I am, 

Yours whill I line, 

I haue thoght good to wryt to Edyell, the Shireff, to entreat him to take paines 
in the busines acording to the commission. 
For the Laird of Guthry. 

259. The Same to The Same, inviting him to Dundee during the meeting of 
the General Assembly of the Church. Dundee, 26th July [1651].^ 

Dundee, 26 July [1651]. 
^Iy louing freind, the Assembly, it Avas thoght, should haue taken the alarum 
almost as bote in this toun as they did at St. Andrewes, and I thoght not to haue 
stayed beer the most parte of this week as I haue done. Now that we intend, God 
willing, to sit still this nixt week lykwyse, I am to goe this day to Perth, and to 
be back beer again Monday or Teusday ; so I haue sent this bearer to bring me 
word how you are, and if you be well able to trauail without incommodity, to 
inuite yow hither for a day or two to see your cousigu, Mr. Guthry of Sterlin, 
I hope well used ; otherwyse I will rather make yow the uisite som day of this 
nixt week, befor it wrong yow in any sort to com beer. Thus, my seruice remem- 
bered to your lady, I rest, 

Yours till death, 

For the Laird of Guthry. 

260. The Same to The Same, thanking him for attention to business. 
Holyroodhouse, 5th July [no year].- 

Halyrudhouse, 5 July. 
My honest kynd Laird, — I resaued yours yesternight, and haue resolued to 
dispatch back the bearer this morning to yow with the answer as yow requyr it. 
I haue no mor to say to yow, bot that I see now yow ar beginning to be (or rather 
now I am beginning to see you ar) carefull of my business their. I long indeed 
for your being beer, for if I had mett with yow as I expected at the beginning of 
this session, I wold haue intented som wakening of my plea with Clauer[h]ous, 
^ Original at Guthrie Castle. - Ibid. 

for I will not altogether forget that busines, for in effect he is the only man in 
these partes yet I tliiuk myself farJest behiml with. Alwyse delaying this and 
other purposes (as also all your thanks) till meeting, I rest, 

Your euer louing freind, 

For my assured freind, the Laird of Guthrie, Gaigie. 

261. The Sa^ie to The Sajie, returning a book. Tantallon Castle, 

[no date].^ 

Thomtalan, this Thursday morning. 
CousiGN, I resaued your letter this morning, and to shew yow how punctually I 
wold obey your desyr, 1 haue sent back the book, not one of the loose papers in it 
awanting ; thogh if yow had been heer to see how few dayes mor wold haue giuen 
me full satisfaction in it, I know you wold yet haue chosen to haue delayed my 
Lord a litill mor, and for his auger haue bidden (as they say) the inshe as yow haue 
done the spann. Bot now I know I shall perhapes neuer see it again. So now, 
hauing gott your will, if you wold yet uenture a chyding (Avhich yow know will at 
the delyuery be forgotte again), and will send it me back at the first ocasion, I will 
promise yow to haue done with it Math my man Mr. William Gray his help befor 
his parting out of the countrey, for he is desyred to be ready within a fortnight 
to part for France with some recreues for my brothers regiment ; alwayes this 
leaning to your awn dexteritie. For your mortification, the litill tym I haue had 
to read it ouer affoordes me only occasion to thinke yow may, if yow please, speak 
to Argyl in it; bot I shall be sory (since I see it was payable a. 38) if not only 
the principall, bot interests since be to be craned off yourself. As to that Angus 
busines, I am glaid yow fiude it in your power to doe anything in it. I can not in 
such a mater express myself by writ, bot Hasilsyd, who is heer with me, being to 
goe back to the toune tomorrow or nixt day, yow shall meet with him, and he 
' shall acquent yow with the state of my busines, after the which yow may consider 
if I may undergoe the bargain of myself; for my father, I fear I need not look 
for the help from him which other fathers in such a case wold be lykly to affoord. 
Yow see the freedom is used with yow by 

Your uery louing cousin, 

For my consign Gagie. 

* Original at Guthrie Castle. 


262. The Same to Sir John Ogilvy of Inveniuharity, with reference chietiy 
to public affairs and the state of parties in the kingdom. Tantallon, 
22d January, [no year].^ 

LouiNG FREIND, — See heerwith the double of that my first letter, which I had 
directed by one of my awne to yow, but my seruant was a littil officious in 
burdening therwith my Lord Kinghorne, going ouer from Edin])urgh at tluit 
tyme. As for that particuh\r, I doubt not bot yow haue done therin your awne 
endeauour of yourselfe, tliogh my letter was miscaryed. Alwayes now I was uery 
glaid to receiue yours of the 4-th of this monthe, and theirby to know that yow 
rest so well satisfied with the last proclamations; and of your resolution to adhere 
theirto the King your master, God willing, shall be particularly certified, and I 
wold desyr yow not to doubt bot whatsoeuer his [Majesty hes now thus declared 
to us, he Avill fully secure and ratifie the same. For if I wer not heerof most 
confident myself, I wold perhaps think other thoglits then euer I hope in God I 
shall. Also I pray God remoue this generall distrust too many hes of our prince 
his performances, wherby these fearful! diuisiones amongs our selfes may take a 
good end befor an euill beginning. In the mean tym doe me the fauour to 
acquent me, as occasion offers, how maters passes amongs yow in Angus. Thus 
yow see I am homely with yow, and I will lykwayes desyr wherin I can be 
steedable to yow, that yow will use me as 

Your uery assured freind to my power, 
Thomtalan, 22 Ja-"^. Angus. 

To my much respected and loving freind, the Laird of Innerquharitie. 

263. The S.uie to David, second Earl of Wemyss. Uth September 

\circa 16.53].- 
My Lord, — I haue receiued yours, and am uery glad to know that your Lord- 
ship is in som small hopes yet of our titty Mary's recouery. I intend to see 
your Lordship, if I can, the end of this week, God willing. In the meantyni. 
receiue that of Glennegys waird, which I had besyd me. Thus, my seruicc 
presented to my Lady and all your good company, I rest. 

Your Lordship's humble seruant, 
Halyruidhous, 11th September. Angus 

For the Earle of Weymss. 

^ Original in the Charter-chest of Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity. 
2 Original at Wemysa Castle. 

264. The Same to his Brother-in-law, J^uies, fourth Duke of Lennox. 
Holyroodhouse, April 1654. 

My Lord, — Your brother George Hamiltoun,^ findeing himself destitut of all 
worldly subsistance heer, he hes that instinct of generosity, thogh being a uery 
yong man, as he does choise to lead his lyf either in wellfair or misery abroad 
rather than heir at home, wher many may pity him bot few help him. As for 
myself, I doubt not bot your grace may haue heard of my posture thorough Aber- 
corn his misfortune. As to my regrait, I can giue acount that, besyds all his 
lands now sold, I rest a looser, for my kyndnes and relations to him, betuixt fyue 
and six thousand pounds sterlin, and yet if Billy George his spirit gaue him to 
stay in this countrey, I should not be deficient in what I am able to doe for him. 
Bot being he hes a design farder off, and to make his first address to your grace, 
I can doe no less then beseech you to countenance him, not acording to the merits 
of his unfortunat elder brother, bot as nature does requyr and the towardly in- 
clination of this youth will deserue, your grace wold be pleased so to look upon 
him, that your awn goodnes may appear in bothe ; and thus craueing pardon 
humbly to kiss my Lady Duchesse her hands, and praj-ing God to bless your 
hopefull children, I take my leaue as your grace's most humble and affectionat 
seruant and brother, 

Halyrudhouse, Apryl 1654. 

For the D[uke] of Lennox, Apryl 1654, for Billy George Hamiltoun. 

265. Lady Jean Wkmyss, Col'ntess-Dowager of Angus, to her Father, 
David, second Earl of We:myss.'- 

Can[ongate], 7 Jullyl659. 
My Lord and dear Father, — I must needs vindicate myself from thos unjust 
aleagances which Bogie wold inferr from thos papers which I desyred your Lord- 
ship and him to subscrive ; for the two that my Lord Angus friend hes already 
subscrived, they were papers advised as necesary to be subscrived (incase of ane 
agreement betwixt the Lady Alexander and me) by Sir Thomas Nicolson himself, 
befor his death, as being the best mean to convince the young pupels that what 

^ Brother uterine. The mother of the Duke of Lennox married James, second Earl of 
Abercorn, and was mother of George Hamilton. - Original at Wemys.s Castle. 


wee did was for ther good and not to ther hurt and leassion, the subscriving 
of which could not wrong thos that did it, because it Avas done but by way of 
declaration as friends. I confess it might incapacitate the sul)scrivers to be 
tutors afterward ; but Sir Thomas said if that agreement was fullfded, my children 
wold need no tutors. Upon this grownd it was that I desyred your Lordsliip to 
singe thos papers ; and for the other, Asdiich does only give me the keeping of my 
own children, I was assured that your subscriving of it could not bring yow in 
hazard befor I sent it to yow, els I should never have presented it to your Lord- 
ship ; for the narrating that parte of the testament wherin yow are named toutors 
will not inferr your being tutors, but that yow might renunce the office of tutorie, 
notwithstanding of your subscriving that paper ; and for my seeking of it now, 
it is the only time wherin I can hope to get my allays hands to it, for if they doe 
it not now, upon the account of other favours I doe them, they will never doe it 
heeraffter. Nether could your Lordship and my other friends subscrive such a 
paper affter I were maried, which yow may savely doe now, because then it wold 
make yow tutors. But I shall not desjTe yow any more to singe it, seing yow 
aprehend a hazart in it, and for thos yow have subscrived, I think yow shall have 
them to take your name from them again, for my alayes will not be satisfied 
except I did oblidg myself that your Lordship nor non other of my friends should 
never seek more for my children, which I have refussed to doe, least I should 
secum in it. I know it is the affects of Bogie's imbittered sprite that maks him 
start all thes scru})ls, of purpose to vex me ; but he shall lose his desinge in that, 
and I shall never imploy him more with any thing concerns me or mine, for I 
have now found it well made good that which your Lordship has often told me 
of him, and I shall ever esteem him so hearafter. I have sent your Lordship, 
heer inclosed, the translation of all that conscerns my jointer, or any other estate 
I may ask or claime. The dait of it is advised to be left blank by my laAvier that 
was intrusted ^-ith the draught of it, for he says bussines must be purswed in my 
Lord Euthvens name, being a person who wilbe les suspected then your Lordship, 
but the translation serves for my security incase of my Lord Euthvens death, so 
I hope your Lordship will lay it up carefully. I begg your pardon for this tedious 
letter, and shall remaine as becometh. 

Your Lordships most afifectionat obedient daughter and humble servant, 

Jk\ne Woiyss. 

For the right honorable the Earle of Wemyss. 

266. The Sajie to Mr. Willia^i Dougl.\s, [Advocate,] as to provision for 
her son Archibald. Edinburgh, 8th November ICoi). 

Can[ongate], 8 November 1659. 
Sir, — I doe admire affter so much comuning and offten upbreakings yow should 
send me a paper carieing in the bodie of it all alongs my name as tutrix to my 
sonn, and taking burden for him, and relating to ane agreement, as if I durst take 
on me to make ane agreement to his prejudice. Yow know, sir, that from the 
begining I told yow I wold not have any thing in Avrite under my hand which 
might give my sonn a ground of quarell againest me ; I have much more reasone 
to say it now when others shallbe his tutors and not I. Therfor, if ther be any 
sincerity intended as to the ending of bussines with me, or that it be desyred I 
should shew my Lord Angus the favoure which I have offered for myself, yow 
and the rest who are intresed must rest satisfied with my subscriving the bond 
drawen up for me, marked with my own hand, having only the time of my keeping 
my children changed in it, I mean, a band drawen over word by word, as that 
band is with that only change in it of the children's years, and for assig[n]ing ray 
Lady Alexander to the moneys she hes payet, and is to pay me, to make up my 
five thousand pound yearly. I am. willing to assinge [assign] her to as much as I 
have goten payet me, and gets suficient band for, so that her goodson be one of 
the cationers in the band I should have, which yow may make relate to ane 
agreement and condesendence made for myself, but for my sonn to take burden 
is a thing that I cannot without I wold mine myself doe, only I shall discharge for 
ane hunder pound sterling yearly from the time of the first payment I got, and 
for what I shall now get I shall doe thee same, but more I cannot doe ; yet to let 
yow see that I have no intension my sonn should plea with his brother for any 
more then what is provided to him by the letters obligators of his brother, uncle, 
and grandfather, I shalbe content to sing [sign] a declaration of the same nature 
the friends declaration is of (now when I am out of office), shewing my sonn that 
I think he should rest satisfied with thos conditions, but I will have up my former 
discharges, together with thos articls which were past from, and never yet per- 
formered, which my late instruments will free me of, if my Lady Alexander doe 
not end busines with me now. And as to the quiting my interset in the execcutr}- 
to the Lady Alexander, if I got satisfaction in all thee articls which 1 last gave 
yow, marked with my hand, I shall not stand to renunce to her without doeing 
prejudice to my assigney, and I shall aprove (upon the conditions forsaid) of what 



she hes confirmed, except in what relats to my first term's rent of my jointer, 
which she does me wrong in confirming of it, so that it is to much that I seek not 
ane assurance of her not to purswe me for it, therfor yow may be sure I will not 
be so mad as to aprove of a thing so much to my own hurt, and so very wnjust as 
I know that is ; so, sir, if ther be any mind to agree with me upon the terms I 
heerin named, and which I told my Lord Selkirk and yow plainly anou'-'h of 
yeasterday, for I resolve not to be under the lash of my oa\ti child, netiier will my 
Lord give his consent or aprolxxtion to such a thing, if you have a niinde to end 
with me as I have said, let it be done quickly, for I cannot stay in town lontrer 
then to-morrow morning. If yow take not this offer now (I mean my Lady 
Alexander and the rest), it will not be in my power to offer it yow heeraffter, for 
my Lord wold not be sorie that bussines brak up amongest us, because lie thinks 
it to his prejudice ; but I hope yow will endeavour a speedy settlement, which I 
will esteem (because of my respects to my Lord Angus familly) as a favoure done 

Your very real! friend to my power, 

You wold excuse the ill pening of this letter if yow knew the hart I doe it in. 
For Mr. William Douglass — Thes. 

267. WiLLiAii [Douglas], Duke of Hamilton, to Mr. Willlim Douglas, 
Advocate, requesting the loan of the Family Tree. 14th September [16]71. 

Ham[ilton], 14 September '71. 
CusiN, I haue bid the bearer receive from yow the Tree of the famely of Douglas, 
which I desired you to send me the lend of, that I may give yow my observations 
of some things, I suppose, is -wrong in it, by the short view I tooke of it at your 
house. And hereby I do bind and oblidge my self to redeliver it to yow, or to 
any yow think fitt, vpon demand, on what penaltie you thinke fitt to put on it. 
If he judge it to big for him to carie at present, he shall call for it the nixt time 



he comes in. This place affoords nothing worth your knowledge. What that 
place does, I shall expect from yow; and if yow will, this vacancie, adventar this 
far to devert your self, I shall send a couple horse for yow nixt weeke, and thank 
yow for the kindnes yow will put on, 

Your affectionate cusin, 

-c ,, -„.„. Hamilton. 

tov J\lr. William Douglas, Advocate. 

268. William, third K\rl of Lothian, to the Earl of Roxburghe. 
Newbattle, 20th March 1672.^ 
My noble Lord -I have hearde that the Marquis of Douglas is seekin<. by the 
way of the Pnvie Counsell a seate in the newe church of Jedbur-h Jt is not 
the ordinary way for matters of that nature. Seats and places in churches are 
ordered by the common consent of the heritors, and by the presbiteries and 
sessions; but I did never heare that att the first instance, and except there had 
beene ryott or contest towards the troubling of the publike peace, that any sutch 
matter was taken notice of by the Counsell. The Lord Marquis hath not mutch 
in property withm the parish, nor any residence, and the Lintally would be but 
ane meane one for a person of his quality. It was never formerly but ane habi- 
tatione for chamberlanis, seldome of balies. The house of Fernherst for divers 
ages had the principall place in that church, by many preheminencies and 
prmledges, as the He which was halfe of the last church testifies; and the 
tounsmen and crafts sate by the tollerance of Fernherst ; and the people, out of 
ane pannike feare, left the church. This newe church was allowed to be build by 
my Sonne, whose property the ground was, being lord of the erection and lordshij. 
of Jedburgh : neither needed he to have done it, but have putt the heritors and 
toune to have repair'd the old church. He had in it designed his seate and the 
Lord of Jedburgh's. There are places designed for the Marquis Dou-la^se>. 
tennants of Swoony, Lintally, Standatone. These, with ane small roome in old 
Jedburgh, is all my Lord Marquis his interest in the parish, and I doe thinke his 
Lordship will not declare it to be of ane greate rent, for that would be my advanta-e 
having the teands of these lands, which I have disponed to rav sonne Charles' 
Your Lordship is apoynted by the Counsell to take notice of the Lord Marquis 
his desyre for his seate. I hope your Lordship wiU have regarde to the Lord 
* Original in the Roxburghe Charter-chest at Floors. 




Jedburgh's interest and my Sonne's, that are your friends and kinsmen, that 
nothing of their concernment may be trenched vpon. It is by my Sonne's con- 
discendency that the church was builded vpon his propriety, and the rest of tlie 
parish have, in the dewe and ordinary maner, designed severall lofts and pewes : 
It will not lykely be once in seven yeares the Marquis will be in that church, and 
these that have the principal! interest and seats will esteeme themselves honored 
with his [Lordship's] person in their seats. I desyre your Lordship will consider 
this, and the Lord Jedburgh's and my sonnes particular interest in this matter, 
that they may not be concem'd in their honor and rights : wherin your Lordship 
■ttill oblidge them and, my Lord, your Lordship's most humble servant, 


Neubattle, the 20 March 1672. 

The right honorable, the Earle of Roxburghe. 

269. Lady Jean Wemyss, sometime Countess of Angus, now Countess 
of Sutherland, to John, Earl of Rothes, Chancellor of Scotland. 
Edinburgh, 25th November 1672.^ 

Edinburgh, 2.5 November 1672. 
My Lord, — Since I am not able to waite on your Lordship at your own house, I 
am necessitate by my penn to give yow this trouble, hoping from your goodnes 
for a pardon. Till yeasterday I wold not credite the reports, though universal), 
that went of my father's resolveing to disinherite my sonn of his right to suceed 
him, failling of my sister and the airs of her bodie. But now the bussines being 
come above board, I must needs complaine myself to your Lordship (who is a 
persone of so much honour and ingenuity) of the hard usage that I and my poor 
Archibald meets with, who, if hee were either a fooll or a proflogat persone, my 
Lord father wold haue some pretense in reasone for what he does ; but since he is 
nether of thes, I apeale to your Lordships own judgment if hee bee not hardly 
dealt with, yea, in a way contrarie to the laws of God and man. But my 
adversarys will not rest satisfied with defrauding me and myne of the right of 
my father s inheritance, but must also aliauat his fatherly affection from me, as 
your Lordship will find by the inclosd, to which I have MTitt this returne. 
beseeching your Lordship to peruse it, that yow may see how farr I am from 
giving my Lord any just cause of displeasour, only I tell him some sad truths. If 

^ Original at Wemyss Castie. 



your Lordsliip find myne faulty, condem it to the fyre ; and if not, honour me 
with its convoyeance in your Lordship's first packet to my father. If I did not 
believe your Lordships inclination wold lead yow to be a protectur of injur d 
innocence, I should not have presumed to give your Lordship this trouble ; but 
the experience I have had of your noble deportment in my greatest concerns, 
makes mee confident of your Lordships favour in so just a cause, for I shall ever 
ambition the honour to bee esteemed, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most humble servant, 

Jeane Wemyss. 

For the Earle of Eothes, Lord Chanclor of Scotland — Thes. 

270. ARCHrBALD Douglas, Earl of Forfar, to David, second Earl of 
Wemyss, his grandfather, as to his place in the latter's succession. 
Edinburgh, 5th December 1G72.^ 

Edinburgh, December 5, 1672. 
My Lord, — I am so troubled at the report of your Lordships displesure against 
my mother for a supposed fault, that I finde myself oblidged to vindicat her, by 
giving your Lordship a trew accounte of the matter ; for it was indeed some of 
my fothers relations who were amazed with the reports in town of your Lordship 
having preferred a stranger next to my aunt and the heirs of her bodie, and had 
wholly secluded me from having any place in the intailment of your estate, which 
induced them to appoint a lawyer to seek up that paper to see, as is usuall in like 
cases ; but, for my part, my Lord, I rather it had never been done, before your 
Lordship had been so offended, and I had seen my mother suffer so much upon 
that account ; for, if the Lord give me grace to walk in his ways, he has pro- 
vided for me a competancie in this world ; yea, I know, all that my mother was 
requesting of your Lordship was only a testimonie of your kyndnes, to have the 
heirs of her bodie brought in the entailment after Lady Margaret and her heirs, 
and that with a speciall regarde to your familly and name, which is so usuall a 
kyndnes from a father to a daughter, that your Lordship ordering it otherwise 
makes the Avorld talk strange things both of your Lordship and us, which is the 
main thing weighs with me ; so that I am resolved (God willing) to follow the 
practice of my predecessors, and seek my fortune in a foraine land, before I bee 

^ Original at Wemyss Castle. 


ane eye witnes to such an affront at home ; for that estate my father provided to 
me will, by the blissing of God, make me live lyke a gentelman any where, yet it 
cannot secure me in Scotland from beeing lookt upon as a slighted person, if your 
Lordship continue your signature as it is now formed. So, my Lord, if yow 
would not have me be a stranger in my native land, put me, I beseek yow, in the 
next place to my aunt and the heirs of her bodie ; not but that I think, if God 
bless my Lady Margaret a few years, I hope he will make her a mother of so 
many brave sonns and daughters as will make that I request for but a comple- 
ment of kyndnes. Yet even that is to me of great value, because it bears, in the 
bosome of it, a mark of your Lordships favour, and so will give me a confidence 
to set up my rest at home amongst my freinds, after I have viewed the world a 
litle. And believe it, my Lord, ther is non who shall succeed yow in your fortune, 
that can honour yow with a more profound respect than he who is, my Lord, 
Your Lordships most aflfectionat, humble, and obedient servant. 

For the Earle of "Wemyss. 

271. Lady ^Lvrgaret Douglas, sister of the second Marquis of Douglas, 
and wife of Alexander, Viscount of Kingston, to the Laird of 
Blackwood, remonstrating as to family affairs. Inch, 2-4th July 

Sir, — I am amazed to hear and see, that yow who professes yourselfe to be a 
serious Christian, who's deutie is to doe justlie towards man and to walk hclily 
with God, dare take on yow to counsell my Lord Marques, who is of a sueet 
disposition, to take such unjust courses and wayes as are sinfull befor God and 
dishonourable befor men, as the summonds yow have caused him raise befor the 
Counsell evidenses, in quhich yow have not been affraid to publish in wryt most 
abominable untruths, calling my mother's jointour near as much again as it is, and 
most shamleslie seeking to take from her that quhich she lies as good securitie for 
as the laus of the laud can give, and quhich the Marques himselfe is bound to 
mantain her in, both as he is aire to his ffather, and as he hes ratyfied her 
rights long after he was major ; how then can yow think that he who hes gotten 

great sowmes by being his ifather's aire, and considerable yearlie rent besyd, can 
shun to fulfill his fathers obleishments 1 I hop ther is and will be still more 
justice in the natione then to violat the standing laus therof to favour such unjust 
endevours, for it is weill knoun that my Lord ]\Iarques entred heir to his father, 
and gott in great soumes of mone by it, long or he ratyfyed ' my mother and 
brothers rights, so that it Avas not as yow caus lybell that he entred aire onlie to 
secure and satisfie them, for whom he did nothing but what he was singularlie 
obleidged to doe, both by lau and by the favours and good deids my mother did 
for him, in her oun interest and my brothers, which maks his present persute 
apear with as much ungratitud as unjustice, and I am heartilie greived that anie 
thing should be ouned by the Marques that caryes in it a clear acusation of so 
worthie a father, as if he had been a cheat and deceiver of the world, but (God 
be thanked) that all that knew him will confesse that he was ane excellent man, 
who did justlie, loved mercy, and walked humblie with his God. how happie 
uere all of us that's com of him, if uee uere lyke him, and what a sin is it to bear 
false witnes against such a man when he is gone, and to cast dirt upon his 
memorie to cause it stinck amongst men ; but I trust it shall not be in your pouer 
to afect it, sine his just and upright dealing is yet recent in the memories of all 
good men. And for that clause in his first contract of mariadge, it was never 
heard of by anie dureing all the dayes of his lifetime, but was started by som for 
the Marques entrest, thinking to boast my mother (who was then young and 
unexperienced) to abait of her oun rights and our provisions ; but God helped her 
out of that snare by the vise counsell of her ffreinds and lauiers, who told her 
that such a clause without ane irritancie, and noe inhibition served on it, befor her 
mariadge, could never hinder her lord to provyd her and her childrein to provisions 
sutable to the portione she brought alongs with her, and if it had caryed anie 
force with it, the lait Marques of Douglas letter to the Earle of Weyms did clearlie 
obviat that, and his presence at the mariadge did also witnes his consent, by all 
quhich my dear father is vindicated from such unjust aspersions, and my mothers 
contract is forty fied. And why doe yoweause lybell the Marques to have gott ane 
hundreth thousand pound of debt from his grandfather with his estait, quhairas 
it shall be made out that fourtie three thousand merks of that debt did onlie com 
on him with the estait, the rest was payed by my dear father in his oun lifetime, 
and for the hundreth thousand merks yow say his father left on him, ther was non 
of that could be called properlie his debt, but the ten thousand pound he apoynted 
for me, and fyve thousand merks that he ouned John Wheat in the Cannongate ; 


the rest was all cautionrie that he fell in for the Earle of Abercorn, whose lady- 
was grandmother to this Marques, and was the enducer of my lord to enter in 
that cautionrie, the most pairt of which he might have gott his releife of, if he had 
not taken far lesse from som of the co-cautioners then was liis dew, and dischair^ed 
others of great soumes they should have payed him, as yow weil know who 
caused him give that dischairg, and are not ashamed to say that he ran in ane 
other hundreth thousand merks of debt for soumes he contracted to pay my 
mother thes soumes ran on to her, and the aliment she got for my brotlier, 
quhairas all that ran on to her was but tuelve thousand and fyve hundreth merks 
fy ve thousand of quhich lyes in the Marques' hand till this day, and three thousand 
merks was all the aliment was payed for my brother befor his grandfather's deatli, 
for she alimented him herselfe the gretest pairt of that time, when she was put 
to noe small chairge with him, for the cure of the gravell ; what aliment was payed 
after was out of his oun lands of Bothuell, so the hundreth thousand merks you 
speak of shall be found not to exceid sixtein thousand. But as yow multiply the 
debts much above quhat they trulie are, so yow tell nothing of the great soumes 
be hes gotten by his flither, quhich, if they had been ueill manadged, myght have 
payed all the debt which he gott aither by tfather or grandfather. Yow also 
deny the Marques estate to be what it trulie is, for it is weill knoun to be more 
then tuentie thousand pounds a year, besyds the lands provyded to my brother 
and what my mother liferents, and your malice does further apear in alledging 
that my mother hindered my brother to agree with the Marques, quhairas I and 
manie others uere witnesses to the pains she took on him to move him to it, and 
the proposalls quhich she gave yow will witnes the truth of this, so that Avhen 
with much diiicultie she had brought him that lentli, yow marred it yourselvs by 
the unreasonable demands and threats yow gave him, at least caused be given 
him in my Lord Dundonald his chamber, by quhich yow putt him in such a raige 
and passion as I never saw him in the lyk, for he acused his mother as having 
been more favourable to the Marques then to him, becaus she had not put the law 
in execution for the byrun rents dew to him, and yow are much mistaken if yow 
think my brother so simple a persone as to be persuaded by his mother, or anie 
other person living, to that quhich he thinks his oun prejudice. Yow may 
remember how freelie he spok in that mater to my Lord ^Marques when my lady 
would fain have had him forbear. It was the last time (save once) that yow cam 
with the Marques to speak -with them in that affair, and I beseech yow consider what 
the end of those things will be to yourselfe, for yow have putt diseusione among 

near freiiids by lyes and unjust designs, and quhatever evill shall befall my brother 
abroad, yow have a hand in it, and most ansuer befor God for it. Consider quhat 
the wise man sayes to yow, and repent in time, and forsake the evill of your 
doeings, that yow may not doe that quhich the Lord hates: Pro v. ch. 6 v. 19, 
and Pro. ch. 11 v. 21, Pro. ch. 17 v. 13, Pro. 24 ch. v. 15, IG. I have cited thes 
scriptures wishing yow may lay them to heart, and if yow doe not they shall be 
a witnes against yow on day, and it shall serve for ane exhoneration of her, who, 
if yow repented, would still be willing to apear as your ff'reind and servant, 

Margaret Douglass. 
Inch, the 24 of July 1674. 

For the Laird of Bleckwood, elder — These. ' 

272. James, second Marquess of Douglas, to his Factor, the Laird of 
Blackwood, giving orders for certain dress, etc. Douglas, 3d July 1676. 

Douglas, 3 July 1676. 
Sir, — I receaved yours. I desire ye may send out with the carier the cloth should 
a gone to the Lintalie. The reason I send for it is, I thinke it much better then 
the sad coloured cloth, and fitter to hing in the hall of Douglas then the other, 
seeing ther is as much of it as will hing the hall, and ther shall be as much of the 
sad coloured cloth sent to Edinburgh to that which is ther allready, or to the 
Lintalie at nearest, that will suplie the want of the other. My Lord Mar's brother 
George is dead of a fever. My lady hear is somthing unwell ; she sayes herselfe 
that she is verie sicke. Wither it be so or not I doe not know. However, she 
sent Mr. Androw to me to desire me that I might take of mo[ii]rning for her. I 
desired Mr. Androw to tell her from me that I did allready take of mourning for 
her, but I would doe so no more. She is in a great anger at this, and sayes that I 
will neither be in mourning myselfe nor take of for her. I thinke it necessar that 
ye cause William Douglas, the taillor, take me of a plan suite of blake, and line 
the coat well with good searge. He may make the breaches strait, and cause him 
get a pair of wyde headed blacke worset stockings. I am verie sorrie for the 
younge mans death ; he was a verie hopefull gentleman. This all at present, but 
rests, sir, 

Your most aflfectionatt friend, 


Sir, I desire ye may send so many gilded leather skins as ye thinke will mount 
the hingings of the hall. I am ashamed of the hingings that is in it just now, for 


they are both worne and torne ; therfore cause send out the gilded leather as soon 
as possible ye can. Be pleased to desire your lady to buy a couple of white 
tafati hoods to my sister. Let these present my service to your lady. Send the 
hoods out with the footman, with my blacke cloths. I have sent in a grawat ; 
be pleased to cause take of four or five plan grawats for mourning. I ordered 
Tomas Pait to write to your lady the faschion I would [have] them, and the name 
of the cloth ; they called it mussiline ; it is only proper for mourning. Pray 
make my excuse your selfe to your lady and daughters for puting them still to 
trouble. I expect to see yow this weeke, if my bussines doe not hinder yow. 
Sende me out news, if ther be any. 

For the Lairde of Blackwoode, elder. 

273, Lady Barbara [Erskine], ]\La.rchioness of Douglas, to her 
husband, James, second Marquess of Douglas. Edinburgh, 
December 1676. 

Edinburgh, Desember [16]76. 
My dearestt hartt, — The severall latters which I formerlly wrot to yow by ane 
express withoutt any returne, might heaw discouraged me from sending this, butt 
thatti am resolved to omitt nothing of the dutty and obediance I ow yow, however 
my applicationss be entertained. It is in your power, my dear Lord, to make me 
happie or miserabell, if yow aflbord me thatt kyndness of sosiety and converss 
which som tyme yow honoured me with, to begg with yow (if God so orderied itt) 
wold be no trubell to me, and to denay me your favor and countinance, is enough 
to embiter to me the gretestt earthlly injoynientts I can proposs to my salfe, and 
since in sinceritty it is this on my pairtt, thatt it is nott so on yours is my greatt 
misfortone. If I heaw offended yow in word or deed, I am readie, in the mostt 
humbll and submiss manier yow can prescry ve, to crave pardone. I am nott such 
a stranger to my salf to pretend to the exactness of obediance and dewty that 
my houmer or frowardness may not heaw offended yow, and all I can say 
is that hearafter I shall so studie yours, and what may pless yow, that I shall 
endeavor a conformity to your good will so nier as I can. This onlly I most 
complen of, that yow shuld retain those in your service or company who taks the 
liberty of talking so much to the preiudice of your honour and myn. Sure I am 
I never give the lestt occastione for itt, nather doe I think, my dear, that you 
really belive itt. If religione and vertue war nott tays strong enough, sence of 

your honour and myn oun, and of that nobell familly of yours and our posteraty, 
could nott butt prevell againstt such base thoughts, and God, who knows my hartt, 
knows my inosance, and the melless of thoss who wounds ws boath by such base 
callumnies ; and as God is just and trew, so they ar wiked layers, and they will 
appear in ther oune coulers when he is mercifully pleased to compassionat my 
humillaty and tears wnder this reproach. But as I blush to think of itt, so wold 
this peper allso if it war capabell, and I forbear to enlarge on this wnplesantt 
subiectt, leaning itt to God and your justis and goodness to clear itt. And now, 
my dearestt, I mostt besech you seourslly to reflect upon my deplorabll conditione ; 
if I retourne without assurance of that resp[e]ktt which I most say my fathfullness 
and obediance may justlly challance, its but a hell wpon earth dayllie to observe 
my misery in your countinance when yow cannott looke upone me but w-ith 
avei-tion, if nott contemptt, and to think of absance from yow and our dear chyld 
is a terror nixtt unto death. As I formerlly said, my dear hartt, its in your pour 
and yours onlly to extricatt me from thesse deficulties ; say but the word that 
yow will admitt me to thatt degrie of loue and resp[e]ktt that once I was happy 
in. Yow heaw to much honour to brek your word, and I too much loue to yow to 
doubtt itt, and refresh me with som kynd returne at this tym. If you do nott, it 
shall nott be in the pouur of melless it selfe to break off my honour and 
respektt for yow, but how far friends and nesesity may make me passive in 
complents, wherof I hate the thoughts or rememberance, if your goodness preventt 
it nott, I cannott say. Butt this I may, thatt misery and such complents ar boath 
ane equall choyse in my apprehensione. Almightty God (my dear) derecktt ws 
boath how to car}' at this tyme. I will with patience waitte your good pleasure, 
and ever continow, my dearest hartt, your most fathfull, affectionatt, and 

B. Douglas. 
I give my blissing to our dear Jeamy. 

For my Lord jMarquess of Douglass. 

274. Barbara, Marchioness of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood, 
that she will receive him. Douglas, 21st March 1681. 

Douglas, 2 1 Marcth 1681. 
Sir, — I receaued your later, and shall be glad to sie yow hear this wike, as yow 
promiss, ells I most be gon er yow com. Blekwood, by the bearer I intrett yow 


will send me as much black morallay tahie as will be a piticott, and thrie ells of 
holland, aboutt fortie shillen the ell. Ther being the last things that ever I will 
sike from yow in my lyf, I think ye will nott refus them, which is all at presant 

Your very trew friend, 

For the Laird of Blekwood, elder. 

275. James, Marquess of Douglas, to The Same, as to purchase of a new 
carriage, etc. Edinburgh, 12th April 1687. 

Edinburgh, 12 Aprill 1687. 
Sir, — I receaved yours. I have sent yow enclosed with this bearer two letters from 
Abernethie. My young coach-horse, who was as well on Sondays night as any 
horse could be, fell sicke. James Weir tooke of the houks of him, and he was 
well enouegh after, so the coachman took him out to lead him up and doune in his 
hand, and he drop just doune dead in his hand, as he had been thounder shut. 
He sent for the Quaker Bartie after, and they opened him. Everie bodie says hear 
he hes been witched. I have ordered James Weir and Brodie to see if they can 
get any ordiner coach horse hear to buy ; for me to make use of ane hackney it 
will be dear. Let me hear from yow by Fleming your opinion of it, and what ye 
think will be done for coach-horses against my sons coming doune, for yow 
know it is both exspensive and verie uuhandsom to goe in a hackney coach. Let 
me know allso wither yow will write to Mr. Abernethie for to buy a coach at 
London or not. You know a second hand coach will not be dear ; I beleave yow 
may get a good second hand coach for 30 or 40 pound sterlyng. Let me know 
your opinion of it, for if I intend to have on, it will be fitt to doe it befor ]\Ir. 
Abernethie come from London. I have no reason that makes me write for ane 
other coach but only this, that I fear on coach will not serve my son and me both, 


and yow know it will not be handsom to have a hackeney coach. Let me know 
your opinion of it, for ye know it is better to doe it in time, if it be fitt, as delay 
it and doe it after. Let me hear from yow and of your opinion of what I [have] 
Avritten to yow. I am, 

Your most aflfectionatt friend, 

For the Laird of Blackwood. 

276. The Same to The Same, wanting dogs for coursing. 
Edinburgh, 26th April 1687. 

Edinburgh, Aprile 26, 1687. 
Sir, — I receaved all my letters, but yow desire me to lay up my sons letter to 
yow, which yow have not sent, I have sent yow backe again Mr. Abernethies 
letter of the 14, which yow need not have sent me. I receaved two letters from 
London on Mondays night, which I have sent yow inclosed ; I shall deliver my 
Lord Tarbats letter. Let me hear from yow with every occasion. I expect 
letters from my Lord Dumbarton with everie post. I have sent the grey bitch 
with Fleming ; I desire yow may give her again to Georgtoun, and cause him 
have a good care of her ; she is big with whelps. If ther be a good greyhound 
in the countrey, send him in, for thir dogs hear hes neither speed nor wind. I 
assure yow of it, they are beat shamefully ; a little dun dog of Macknabis beat 
them shamfully. I am, sir. 

Your most affectionatt friend, 


I have sent my coachman Brodie home. I have written to William Somervell 
for his dog ; I shall cause have a good care of him. Send in Earlesmills dog, if 
he be free of mange, or any other dog, with Fleming, that is worth. Let me hear 
from yow this week again. My Lord Bngchan and I will hunt the nixt weeke ; 
send in either on or two dogs with Fleming, and I shall send yow out the woi-st 
again. I have write to Mr. Abernethie with this post. If yow please to write to 
my son or Mr. Abernethie, I shall send it away with the post. ]\Iy son resolves 
to give yow a token of his kindnesse, as both he and I hes reason to doe. 

For the Lairde of Blackwood. 


277. The Same to The Sasie, as to Lord Dumbarton's fomily, and acknow- 
ledging receipt of dogs sent. Edinburgh, 2d May 1687. 

Edinburgh, Maii 2, 1687. 
Sir, — I write to Mr. Abernethie with the last post, and inclosed your letters 
within mine. I have receaved a letter from Mr. Abernethie, which I sent yow 
inclosed. You may perceave by it that the Earle of Dumbarton hes spoken to the 
King and Mellfort, and they are at lenth satisfied with my just desire. The Earle 
of Dumbarton excuses himself in not writing to me, because of his extraordinary 
bussines he had the last weeke. I will excuse him with all my heart, for it is a 
great bussines for him to have a son and air, as Mr. Abernethie says in his letter, 
for his son's title is Lord Ettrick. I doe believe he hes nothing more in Ettrick 
than he hes in Dumbarton, but only the title. I am glad he hes got ane air, upon 
Duke Hamilton's account, for it would have made the Duke too rich to have 
been my Lord Dumbarton's air. I have receaved Will. Somervell's doo- and the 
Maidengill bitch. They are somthing beat in ther coming hear, but I shall cause 
have a good care of them, for my two that I have hear they are in better condi- 
tion then when they come hear ; for Gosip, he is now free of the man"-e, which 
he had verie ill when he came hear first ; and for the other, he is in much better 
case then he was ; and for beating, as you write in your letter, they are both 
verie far from that, for they were never so sound in ther feet as they are at 
present. The Earle of Buchan and I resolves to hunt on Wedeusday ; wee shall 
see if the falconer's dun dog will beat them or not ; he is really a verie ^ ood 
little dog. I am sure if yow have write in your letter about dogs and bitches 
1 have not failed to write sufficiently in mine, to be equall with yow. I wish 
wee had no more to be concerned for then hunting, wee should live at a oi'eat 
deale of more ease then wee doe. I shall say no more at present, but shall ever 
continow, sir, 

Your most afiectionatt friend, 


I expect letters from Abernethie and from the Earle of Dumbarton on Tuesday 
or Thursday at furdest ; if you please to send in ane exspresse I shall send thera 
out to yow, or if yow have any sure bearer coming hear. 

For the Lairde of Blackwood. 

278. The S.oie to The Same, that he has bought a new horse. 
Edinburgh, 9th May 1687. 

Edinburgh, Maii 9, 1687. 
Sir, — Haveing this occasion with Mr. Patrick Shiells, I desire yow to send in 
John Brodie, my coachman, for I have bought a coach horse which will fitt 
exactly the horse that is in Douglas ; he is but five year old at this grass, exactly 
of the collour. As for his price, I will not tell yow, but if I will sell him a^ain, I 
may have 4 pound sterling of winning. I thiuke the horse couper trade verie 
good, if wee get so good bargains. As for his height,.he is two inches higher than 
the horse that is dead. I thought him so good a bargain that I got the monie 
from Robert Murey to pay him. If he will not goe in a coach, as I doe not 
question, I can get four pound sterlyng more for him when I please. I will not 
trouble yow more with horse discourse, but send in John Brodie upon any little 
pounie to Edinburgh, for he will be most carfull of him. Let me hear from yow. 
I am, sir, 

Your affectionatt friend, 


For the Lairde of Blackwood. 

279. Ja:mes, Earl of Angus, son of the second Marquess, to The Same, 
that he is going to Tunbridge. 

London, August 7, [16]88. 
Sir, — I received yours, dated 26 July, which I was very glad off to hear that my 
Lord Marcjuess was well pleased with what I had done as concerning my governour. 
I hope yow will now send up the gentleman yow spoke oif, to be here against I 
come from Tunbridge. I beleive I shall goe Wedensday or Thursday next week, 
and I must drink the purging waters three days before I goe. Your letters that 
you write when I am there, send them as yow used to doe, and he that keeps the 
black box vnll take care to send them to me, for I shall give him notice what 


place I stay at there. I have not time to write to my Lord Marquess at this time, 
but shall, both to him and yow, by the next post. I have sent yow a letter from 
Sir William Douglas inclosed, whose advice I take in every thing I doe. My 
Lord Mordingtoun was to see me to-day, and give his service both to my father 
and yow. I am, sir, 

Your truly affectionate friend and servant. 

280. The Saisie to The SAxME, as to his new Tutor. London, 12th August 


London, 12 August [16]88. 
Sir, — Ever since that which I have sent yow of the 7th, the black box has gone 
away at Windsor, so that 1 could not send any till this night. I receiv'd two 
letters last night from yow, one dated the 2d, the other the 7th instant. I shall 
show my Lord Dumbarton how yow delivered all his letters. Yow write that yow 
have answered all my letters, but I am afraid then that they are kept up, the 
Court being at Windsor; for except this, and that which was dated the 2G July, 
I have not received a letter from yow above these three weeks, nor any from my 
father, except that wherein Captain Kerr's letter was inclosed, wherin he promis'd 
to write by the 1st post. I am very glad that my father has pitch'd upon Mr. 
Dickson, for I have ane esteeme for him, and every body that knows him, gives 
a very good character of him. As to that which yow speake of Duke Hamiltoun's 
letter that he sent me, it was relating only to Mr. Ogilvie, whom he said he had 
heard from Scotland to be ane unfitt man for ray governour, and desir'd me not 
to think of it any more, nor keep company with him, because he was not such a 
man as I took him for ; to which I answered that he might be sure that as long 
as he was in the countrey, I would not proceed in it without his advice, neither 
did I think any more upon it, since my father had also told me that he had 

pitch'd upon another, and that I was very much oblig'd to his grace for his care 

of me, and when I had the honour to see him at Tuubridge, I should give him a 
more particular account of whom my father pitch'd upon, and that I should bring 
him to wait on his Grace at London. I shall goe to Tunbridge on Thursday, and 
take Mr, Barclay with me, since Sir William Douglas could not goe. I have 
been two or three times to see my aunt, my Lady Portland, at her countrey 
house at Chelsey. I have sent your letter to ^Ir. Shewell, I am, 

Your most affectionate friend and humble servant, 


28 L The Same to The Sajme, urging the necessity of his going abroad. 
London, 26th December 1689. 

London, 26th December 1689. 
Sir, — I have Avrote to my father fully about my going abroad next spring, which 
I suppose he will shew yow. I assure yow all my friends here are very fully 
satisfyd that it will be much for my advantage more then any thing I can doe, 
and I do not doubt but both my Lord and yow will be of the same opinion, for 
its impossible I can expect to settle myselfe here now any way ; and as I know 
by experience the way I live here, with only one servant, and making no great 
appearance, as in my cloathes and the like, has been a hindrance hitherto to that, 
both the time Sir William Douglas was here and since. So I am sure it will be 
much more probable to expect a match after I have been abroad a year or two, 
where I am certain I can live cheaper then I could doe here after this considerablie, 
and that I come to know the world a little more, and be known. If, when I come 
home, my father can allow me two or three hundred pound to make a figure with 
here for some few months, I say it is much likelier I shall get a fortune that way 
then by living here privately as I do now, by which people take notice of the 
lowness of the family, and think it to be worse then it really is. Sir, as I have 
always found yow to be very much my friend in every thing that concerned me, 
so I shall intreat yow would interceed with me upon this with my father, as the 
greatest favour yow can doe me ; tho' I am perswaded that since the thing is so 
raisonnable, and that there 's so many arguments for it, which appear to me to be 
so strong that he will not deny it me, especially since he is not thought scarce a 
gentleman that wants that part of education.* My Lord Anandale and Skelmurlie 
are parted this day in coach, and my Lord Ross went post on Monday last. I 


shall not trouble yow auy further at present, but only desire to hear from yow 
after yow have received this. I am, sir, 

Your most affectionate friend and humble servant, 

For the Laird of Elackwood. 

282. Lady Jane IVUckenzie, Countess of John, fourth Earl of Mar, to 
James, second Marquess of Douglas, relative to the funeral expenses 
of the Marchioness of Douglas her daughter. 18th August 1690. 

My Lord, yovr commands war obeyed ; for itt was a nightt bvriall, and svtabell 
to hir qvalitie, and I hovp cannott be thovghtt deir, whan it coms only to a 
thovsand thritie avghtt povnd, ten shilin Scotts. This, with what was dew to hir 
befor hir death of the localitie yovr Lordship aloved on yovr lady, I expeck yow 
will order the presantt payment, sine it is ivstt ; and, being the mother of yovr 
familie, I hovp yow will nott svfer her nam to be hard by thos she is oving monie 
too. Itt shall allso be against my will if anie mistaks be betvixt yow and me 
for all the wnkyndness my davghter meett with att hir lastt. I pray God to 
bless the only pleg she hes leftt behind hir, that he may be as happie as hir lyf 
was wnfortvnatt. I beeg to knov whar and how he is. I am, my Lord, 
Yovr most affectionatt mother and hvmbill servant, 

Jane Mackenzie. 
Mvchall, 18th Avgvstt 1690. 

AflFter all the fvnerall ar payed, if yovr Lordship desir itt, yow shall have a 
particvlar accovntt. Mr. Mackell refers him self to yovr Lordship, being yo\T 
apoticarie befor. 

For the right honerable the Marqvss of Dowglass. 

283. Mary Ker, second wife of James, second Marquess of Douglas, to the 
Laird of Blackwood, as to her husband's affairs. Douglas, 29th 
November 1695, 

Douglass, November the 29, [16]95. 
Sir, — I see a letter of yours to my lord, which gives me very mellencolly thoughts 
of the condition of my lord's fortoun, and that which meks it stik the more with 

me, that I fynd so much of the difculty that my lord's afairs heth run into luged 
upon the acounts of this tow years bygon or therhy, I wish you had condesended 
on eney of the onwiser perticulers in thes acounts that they might heue bene helpt 
for the fewtar, for I'm confident my lord, wher he may be perticulerly consernd 
in them, will, as I wher I have been att eney neadles expence, very reddy to help 
it afterwards ; butt in the ginerill, I shell be well pleasd, as I'm shoor my lord will, 
to tak your adviys in the retrinching our familly from the very stabill to the hall, 
and both within and withoutt doors, to such a number and such fies as might 
extremly lessen evry expence ; butt after all it will be a soor metter if still acounts 
and anwelrents shall swell to principell soums, Avhich, if I understand it right, they 
heue done so for thes meney years past, nottwithstanding of the seall both of my 
lords proper lands and superioritys, and other considerabell caswallitys, which fell 
in the tym, and yett the deetts upon bonds and infeftments to be by much more 
now then they wer tuenty feyue years agoe, which woud apear very streng to 
thos who doth nott inqueyr into the perticulers to fynd my lords eastatt grow 
still wors, and no man the better of it, yett this is not that I doutt in the leastt 
but you can make your acounts since your intermission apear clearly how my lords 
estatt heath rune into thes defcultys. I confess nether my peartts nor edwcation 
qwallefiys me to understand how acounts may be med up, and it might be I 
would heue sad thoughts of them when I considerd the eastatt of my lords afairs 
in the bullk, if I did nott trust more in your integrity in the discherging of the 
inteyr trust you heue, both as a good morrall and relligius man, then I woud 
do in bundills of acountts ; and it is from that confidans I heue in you that you 
shell ever fynd me reddy to take your addvys, and to be, sir. 

Your reall frend and most humble servant. 

This was writt befor I gott yours, butt you hear sie my mynd as to tlie 
follouiug of evry good i)ropositons you can giue when I gett an acount of them. 

For the Laird of Blackwood, att Edinburgh. 


284. James, second Marquess of Douglas, to the Laird of Blackwood. 
desiring to know the progress of his affairs. Douglas, 2 2d December 

Douglas, 22 December 1698. 
Sir, — Be pleased to let me know by a line from yow witli my footman how my 
bussinese goes at Edinburgh. I doe still thinke that yow are my friend, whatever 
ill people doe say to the contrail-, and I doe assure yow I shall allways l)e extreamlv 
pleased to have your good advice. I doe desire it of yow ; I am confident that 
yow will not refuse me, since I doe desire it so ernestly. Send me out all the 
news, with the assurance of your good health, which I wish with all my heart 
to continow. Adieu to yow, dear Blackwood. I shall ever continow, 
Your most faithful 1 friend while I live, 


I have given the footman half a doller ; I desire yow to buy me the best red 
wax for closing of my letters. Forgive this trouble. 

285. The S.ame to The S.AiiE, as to his testament and deed of entail. 
Douglas, February 1699. 

Douglas, February 1699. 
Sir, — I received yours of the 19th of the last month, and I understand there are 
not wanting some who endeavour per fas et nefas to misrepresent you to my 
friends and me both, but I wish they may be alse proofe against the same as I 
now am, altho' a little too late. Yet I am hopefull a little time will make 
them (alse well as it has done me) see the crafty self seeking design of these who 
calumniat you, whose perfidious treachery shall never be forgett, seeing it was 
under trust. And after this I shall looke upon every infonnation by such, given 
against yow, as more malicious then true. And I doubt nothing but you are able 
to acquite your self of all the aspersions they have or can cast uj.on you, as I find 
you have sufficiently done in that affair of Sir Alexander Braces, in which I am 
inform'd there were too much huffiness (yea, to the hight of ill manners) showen 
by some whose actings doe not nor shall have thanks from me. But after all I 
have said, I must tell you that you did not behave like that man I tooke you to 
be, in so far as you gave up my testament to any person, be who he will, without 


my speciall liberty and consent had thereto. Therefor on sight hereof call for 
it and send it to me, or if you gett it nott, send ane ansuer S2)eedily, that 
I may know what to doe ; for now I have leam'd whom to trust and whom not, 
and who deceivs any once, it may be expected they will deceive all, and ever, which 
I fear be to true. I am, sir, 

Your most affectionat friend, 


Sir, — Notwithstanding of what I have written to you about my testament sendin^^ 
to me, yet you may only send the double of it, for I understand that there are 
severalls nam'd there who are not, nor will be friends, either to you or me, 
whereby I think there will be an absolut necessity for a new nomination of three 
or four tnistie friends. Therefor I desire you to take any advice you please, 
both as to whom I shall nominat for tuttors dureing the pupillarity and how I 
shall leave the tailzie and settlement of rny estate, and send me out a draught of 
both as you will oblidge me, for I have more trust to putt in you then in many of 
the new commissioners, and let all this be done under great secresy, and believe 
that I uiU doe any thing to be even with these who does not only make it their 
business to disgrace me, but who have already done it, and would influence and 
encourage others so to doe. A clear specimen is this, that these will never respect 
me who doe not encourage these who I love and has kyndness for. Sir, beleive 
what I have said, and alse that I have and wall continue, 

Your most affectionat and assured friend, 

Let non see this but your self only. 

286. Jajsies, second ]\Iarquess of Douglas, to James, second Duke of 
QuEENSBERRY, objecting to a certain person as factor. Douglas, 
26th May 1699. 

Douglas, 26 May 1699. 
My DEAR Lord, — I put your grace in mynd hou when I quarrell'd Samuel 1 
Douglas's commission, at first granted by you and my other friends therin nam'd, 
and therafter signed by me, that it was with the greatest reluctancy under heaven 
I granted it, and at which time your grace and Annandale perceiv'd it, and then 
promised if I uould comply uith the commission as it then uas sign'd, Samuel 


should stay no longer in that place then Whitsonday then next to come, all which 
upon your promise and desire only (in whom I haue much confidence) I complyed 
so far. But nou when that time is past, and no appearance of his being turn'd 
out, but on the contrary this day held a head court, and lies decern'd my tennents 
to pay their Whitsonday rent to him. all which I resolve to be no longer silent at. 
But befor I did any thing, I thought fitt to acquaint your grace that I will take 
such measurs as there shall non be either baillie or chamberland of Dou<das but 
such as shall please me, and whom I name, and uho will doe nothing that may 
reflect on my honour or be prejudicial! to these who are my honest dependants 
and servants. This I thought fitt to show your grace as being a person of in tire 
trust to me, and one who I exy)ect will sufi'er nothing to be done that is dishonour- 
able to me. rie say no more at this time till I hear from you. for I hope to see 
you shortly either in Edinburgh or in the countrey. I am, my dear Lord, 
Your graces most affectionat cousin and most humble servant, 

For the Duke of Queensberrie. 

287. RoBiNA [Lockhart], Countess Dowager of Forfar, to Andrew Fletcher, 
Lord Justice-Clerk. 20th November 1732.^ 

My Lord, — As I doubt not but we both agree in deploring the death of good 
Principle Hamilton, and that theirs a distingwishing reguard due to his memory, 
I hope your Lordship wont take it amiss if I with great earnestness offer to your 
favourable consideration a nephew of his, bred under his direction, he being 
younger brother to the Laird of Airdery, a gentleman of a considerable fortune 
formerly, and not small at present, which fell to Mr. Hamillton, the minister of 
Bothwell, by the death of an elder brother. All I pretend to interceed for is his 
being preflfer'd to the chaplenary fallen by his uncle's death, he being a man of a 
good deall of entrest and much folowed in this country, has on or more votes in 
elections of parliament, besydes a good deal to say amongst smaller voters. The 
meritt of being bred up at Gamalliels feet inspjVd Avith the same principles of 
moderation, loyalty, and affection to the present establishment, I shou'd think 
enough to speak for him who has too much modesty to speak for himselfe, els I 
shou'd not have had this occation of troubling your Lordship, who, I expect, will 

^ Original in SaJton Charter-fhest. 

at least either let me kao if you aprove or disaprove of my proposall. Tnie, if not 
pre-engadged, its in Lord Milltons power to doe this. Wliat I've toll'd is' truth 
and truth you may depend on; and if you think it reasonable, I shall be glad' 
and promise you as a reward he shan't spoill your dinner by too long a sermon 
when you honour Bothwell Kirk with your presence, and her who is with the 
greatest respect and esteem that's possible, my Lord, your Lordship's faithfull 
friend, most humble and obedient servant, 

Bothwell Castle, the 20th of November 1732. 

I beg you'l make my compliments to Lady Milton acceptable, with my best 
wishes to your Lordship, her selfe, and your young fiimilly. 

Tho' I don't arrogat to my self any influence with regard to my solicitation 
in Mr. Bogle's favour, yett I thank you as sincerely as if you had done it for 
my selfe, and am sure he'l be no less faithfull then capable and gratefull ; but am 
affray'd you have forgott poor Charles Maithland, who you may no less surely 
depend on if you'l make him your own by some mark of your favour. 

288. James, second Duke of Athole, to the Duke of Douglas. 

Circa 1745. 

My Lord Duke,— These unhappy trubles haveing begun soon after I had the 
honour of your grace's last letter, I had no opportunity of acknowledging it. 
I have just now seen a letter from your grace to Mr. Archibald Stuart, and am 
extreamly concerned to know by it tliat your grace has suffred so much by insults 
of the rebells, and the more particularly that anybody of my family has been so 
instrumental! in thes outrages, his disloyalty and ingratitude to the King, the 
part he has acted by me, and now, to crown all, his tratement of your grace must 
render him odious to every body. His crimes has affected me extreamly, and I 
beg his bad behaviour may not make, me forHt the friendship that I shallallways 
endeavour to cultivat with your grace. I came here from London late last night, 
and this morning about three his Eoyal Highness the Duke arived. I hope°his 
conduct and presence will soon put an end to this unnaturall rebellion. I take 
this opportunity to wash your grace all health and hapiness, and to assure [you] 
that I shall allways be with the greatest atachment, my Lord Duke, 

Your grace's most faithfull, most obedient, most humble servant, 




289. Count Marc Antonio d'Agazano to William, eleventh Earl of 
Angus, afterwards first Marquis of Douglas, desiring to make an 
exchange of their family trees. Paris, 6th July 1620. 

Illustrissimo Signor mio bonissimo, da li Signori Stracan gentilhomini Scocesi 
mi e stato fatto un saluto a nome di Vostra Signoria illustrissima, ond' io conosceu- 
domi molto obligate a tanta cortesia non ho uoluto mancare ringratiarla, come 
faccio con la presente, dell' honore che si compiace farrai in tener memoria di un 
suo seruitore come profFesso esserle io. 

Ho scritto a mio fratello in Italia accio mi inuij I'Arbore de la nostra familia 
per mandarlo poi a V. S. illustrissima, dalla quale spero saro all' incontro honorato 
di quello della sua, per poterlo aggiongere al nostro, et di questo honore ne teneremo 
perpetua obligatione a V. S. illustrissima; alia quale per fine bacio le raani, 
pregandole da Iddio ogni prosperita. 

Volendo V. S. illustrissima honorarmi de qualche suo commando potra inuiare 
le lettere all' illustrissimo et eccellentissimo Signor Duca di Niuers in casa del 
quale alloggiar6 tanto che staro in Franza. Di Parigi, li 6 lulio 1620. 

Di Vostra Signoria illustrissima deuotissimo, parente et seruitore, 

Marc Ant"^- Scoto Conte d'Agazano, etc. 

Signor Gulielmo Conte di Duglasso et di Angus. 

Translation of the preceding Letter. 

Most illustrious and worthy Lord, the Messieurs Stracan, Scotch gentlemen, 
have saluted me in the name of your most illustrious Lordship ; and as I feel 
greatly obliged for so much courtesy, I have not wished to fail in thanking you, 
as I now do, in this present letter, for the honour you have been pleased to do me 
by keeping in mind your servant, for such I profess to be. 

I have written to my brother in Italy to send me the Tree of our family, that 
I may transmit it to your most illustrious Lordship ; and I hope to be honoured 


in return by you with the Tree of your family, in order that I may add it to ours, 
and for such an honour I would hold myself under perpetual obligation to your 
most illustrious Lordship. I conclude by kissing your hands, praying God to send 
you all prosperity. 

Wishing your most illustrious Lordship to honour me with your commands, 
I request that you will send letters intended for me to the most illustrious and 
excellent Duke of Nevers, in whose house I will reside as long as I remain in 
France. From Paris, the 6th July 1620. 

Your most illustrious Lordship's most devoted relative and ser%'ant, 

Marc Antonio Scoto Conte d'Agazano, etc. 

290. The Sasie to The Same, as to family history ; arms of Scoti in 
Italy, etc. Paris, 8th May 1622. 

Illustrissimo Signor mio colendissimo, quando io hebbi I'honore di uedere 
in Orliens vostra illustrissima Signoria gli promissi fargli hauere TArbore de la 
familia Scota di Piacenza descesa dall' illustrissima casa di Duglass. ^la perche 
non ho sin' hora hauuto commodita sicura di mandarlo non ho pagato prima 
questo debito ; hora donque con I'occasione di un gentil' homo mio amico che 
passa in Inghilterra non ho uoluto tardare piii a mandarle, come faccio, detto 
Arbore o' genelogia, pregando V. S. illustrissima honorarmi. come mi promissc, 
deir Arbore da la casa Duglass in Scotia, almeno quella parte che la rigidezza de 
tempi passati di guerra in quel regno haueri permesso di poter conseruarne la 
memoria, et io gline restero obligatissimo. L'arma antica de' Scoti in Piacenza 
era confforme all' autiche di Duglasso, come si uede in detta citta nella chiesa di 
Santo Lorenzo, ma al tempo che Ghelfi et Ghibellini guerregiauano in Italia li 
Scoti come partiali de Franza furono elletti capi de' Ghelfi in Piacenza. Et perche 
tutte le cose di numero non paro s'intendeuano Ghibelline, furono donque necessi- 
tati di rendere il numero delle tre stelle, ouero a quattro, ouero a due ; nui 
giudicando che acrescerne non conueniua, si resoluettero leuarne una, a la piazza 
de la quale per memoria missero la sbarra bianca, che cominciando da la parte 
destra ua a finire a la sinistra, che se la sbarra cominciasse a la sinistra et linisse 
a la destra saria Ghibellina. II campo che solea essere rosso fu da Arrigo 4, 
Imperatore, dato insieme col cimiero d' un pelUcano ; il cimiero a quelli Scoti soli 
che Io portano di presente, et il campo a tutta la familia generalmente. Ho 


giudicato bene fare questa poca digressione acci6 V. S. illustrissima hebl)i qualclie 
notitia perche sii seguita la mutatione. Mi sarii caro ch'ella si compiacia scri- 
uermi la receuuta di detto arbore, all' arma del quale manca la corona sopra che ci 
deue essere in loco del cimiere. Et uolendomi honorare di sue lettre inuiandole 
air Illustrissimo et Excellentissimo Signor Duca di Xevers mi capitarano sicuie, 
et io ne tener6 obligo particolare a V. S. illustrissima, a la quale per fine insieme 
con li signori suoi fratelli et filioli bacio le mani con pregarle da II Signor ogni 

Di Vostra Illustrissima Signor, deuotissimo seruitore et parente, 

II Conte Marc Ant^ Scoto d'Agazano. 
Di Paris li 8 Maggio 1622. 

Air illustrissimo Signor Jacomo suo fratello bacio particolamente le mani. et 
mi recordo seruitore di vero affetto. 


Most illustrious and respected Lord, when I had the honour to see your most 
illustrious Lordship in Orleans, I promised to let you have the Tree of the family 
of the Scoti of Piacenza, which is descended from the most illustrious house (4 
Douglas. But because I have not hitherto had a safe opportunity of sending it. 
I have not discharged this debt sooner; now, however, availing myself of the 
opportunity offered by a gentleman, a friend of mine, who is going to England, I 
have not wished longer to delay sending to you, as I now do, the said tree or 
genealogy, requesting your most illustrious Lordship to honour me, as you promised 
to do, with the Tree of the house of Douglas in Scotland, at least that part of it ot 
which the memory has been preserved, notwithstanding the desolating wars that 
in times past have been carried on in that kingdom, and I shall esteem it a great 

The ancient arms of the Scoti in Piacenza were in conformity with the ancient 
arms of Douglas, as may be seen in the Church of Santo Lorenzo in that city, 
but at the time when the Guelphs and Ghibellines contended in Italy, the Scoti, 
as partisans of France, were elected chiefs of the Guelphs in Piacenza ; and as all 
things with odd numbers were considered Ghibelline, the Scoti were obliged to 
make the number of the three stars either four or two, but not judging it proper 
to increase the number, they resolved to leave out one, and in its place, by way ot 
memorial of it, they put a white bar, which, beginning on the right ends on the 


left ; for if the bar had begun on the left and ended on the right, this would have 
been Ghibelline. The field, which used to be red, together with the crest of a 
pelican, was given by the Emperor Henry the Fourth, — the crest to those Scoti 
who bore it then presently, the field to all the family generally. 

I have thought proper to make this digression in order that your most 
illustrious Lordship may be informed why this change was followed. I will esteem 
it a favour if you will be so good as to -vvrite acknowledging receipt of this Tree, 
in the arms on which there is wanting the crown above, which ought to be in place 
of the crest. Wishing the honour of receiving letters from you, I request that you 
will send them to the care of the most illustrious and excellent Lord, the Duke 
of Nevers, my captain, and I will be particularly obliged to your most illustrious 
Lordship. I conclude by kissing the hands of your Lordship, and of my lords 
your brothers and sons, and by praying for every prosperity for you from the 
Lord. From Paris, the 8th of ]\ray 1622. 

Your most illustrious Lordship's most devoted servant and kinsman, 

The Count Mahc Antonio Scoto d'Agazaxo. 

I kiss particularly the hands of the most illustrious Lord James your brother. 
Remember me to him as his most aflfectionate servant. 

291. SiGNOR Leonardo Crema to The Same, enclosing a letter from Count 
Agazano, and offering a visit. London, 2Sth June 1622. 

Illustrissimo Signer mio Signor et Patrone collendissimo, nella mia partita di 
Parigi r illustrissimo Signor Conte Marc' Antonio Scotti, Italiano, quale .3 anni 
sono parl6 con V. S. illustrissima alia mia presenza in Orleans, mi dete la genelogia 
dell' illustrissima sua casa, discesa dall' illustrissima casa di Duglasso in Scotia, 
con la presente lettera, acci6 che I'un et I'altra le ricapitassi in mano di V. S. 
illustrissima se si ritrouaua in Londra ; et era mio pensiero di uoler ueder la 
Scotia et offerirmeli suo deuotissimo seruitore ; ma essendomi occorso nel mio 
passaggio di Francia in Ingiltera, ch' io sono stato spogliato come intendera da 
Monsignor di Ghre gentilhuomo Scocese, che per sua gratia e apportatore della 
presente, et anche della lettera et genelogia dell' illustrissimo Signor Conte Marc' 
Antonio, ho deliberato di mandarlila ; et perche in mia campagnia ui e un mio 
cugino desideroso di ueder Paese, et si diletta assai di giuocare al nobilissimo 
giuocho delli Scachi, et sapendo che la nobilta Scocese in particulare ha gusto di 

questo uirtuoso giuocho, supplico a V. S. illustrissima se in Scotia, et oue ella si 
ritroua ui sono Signori amatori di questa disputta del' inteletto, degnarsi d' 
au[i].sarraene, perciie ueniremo, per farli riuerenza, et farsi conoscere per suoi 
servitori, et anche per darii gusto dilettandossi di questo giuocho, et ad altri Signori 
del paese. Se V, S. illustrissima uole rispondere all' illustrissimo Signor Conte 
Marc' Antonio, potra mandarle lettere a me qui in Londra, et racommandarle in 
casa deir eccellentissimo Signor Ambasciator di Francia, che cosi mi peruenirano 
sicure, et io poi le recapiterd oue sera, et le faccio humillissima reuerenza. Di 
Londra, il 28 Giugno 1622. 

Di Vostra Signoria illustrissima deuotissimo et humillissimo seruitore, 

Leonardo Crema. 


Most illustrious Lord and most revered patron, on my departure from Paris, 
the most illustrious Lord, Count Marc Antonio Scotti, an Italian, who three 
years ago spoke with your most illustrious Lordship in my presence in Orleans. 
gave me the genealogy of his most illustrious house, which is descended from the 
most illustrious house of Douglas in Scotland, along with the present enclosed 
letter, in order that I should convey both the genealogy and the letter to the 
hands of your most illustrious Lordship, if you happened to be in London ; and 
I entertained the intention of visiting Scotland, and offering myself as your most 
devoted servant to you, but happening to be robbed on my passage from France 
to England, as you will learn from Mr. di Ghre (Gray), a Scotch gentleman, 
who has courteously offered to be the bearer of the present letter, and also of the 
letter and genealogy of the most illustrious Lord, Count Marc Antonio, I have 
resolved to send them to you. And because there is in my company a cousin of 
mine desirous of seeing the country, and who delights in playing the most noble 
game of chess, and knowing that the Scotch nobility in particular delight in this 
ingenious game, I have to request that if there be in Scotland and where you 
reside, any gentlemen Avho have a liking for this trial of skill, your illustrious 
Lordship will be so good as let me know, because in that case we will come to 
pay our respects to you, and introduce ourselves to you as your servants, and also 
to give pleasure to you and the other gentlemen of the country- by means of this 
delightful game. 

If your most illustrious Lordship wishes to return an answer to the most 
illustrious Lord, Count Marc Antonio, you can send letters to me here in London, 


addressing them to the house of the most excellent Lord, the French ambassador, 

and they will then reach me safely, and I will despatch them to the Count wherever 

he may be. Accept my most humble reverence. From London, the 28th June 1022. 

Your most illustrious Lordship's most devoted and most humble servant, 

Leonardo Crea[a. 

292. AUrc Antonio, Count d'Agazano, to The Same, introducing a 
young Roman Nobleman. Pozolo, 30th December 1624. 
Illustrissimo et eccellentissimo Signor mio colendissimo, il presentatore di questa 
mia a Vostra Eccellenza sara il Signor Giovanni Camillo Zaccagni, Romano, 
giouane di nobilissimi costumi et dotato di belle lettre ; et perch' egli ha in 
Roma pochi pari per sapere le antichita, et cose notabili di cotesta citta, con 
cognitione delle scritture degne da sapersi, ho creduto che forsi potesse in alcuna 
cosa seruire a Yostra Eccellenza, et per6 come amico mio caro 1' ho pregato 
auenirsele a dare a conoscere et offerirsele. Confido ch'egli non manchera, et 
che al sicuro (occorendo) le dara satisfacione, lo raccommando donque con ogni 
caldezza a la benignita di Vostra Eccellenza, a la quale hauendo in questo istesso 
ordine scritto un' altra mia poco h6 che soggiongere, solo che le uiuo partialis- 
sirao seruitore et parente, et qui facendo fine a V. E., con 1' illustrissimo Signor 
suo cugino che ha seco, bacio di core le mani. Di Pozolo li 30 Dicembre 1624. 

Di Yostra Eccellenza deuotissimo et obligatissimo cugino et seruitore, 

Marc' Ant" Scoto, Co : d'Agazano. 

My most revered, illustrious, and excellent Lord, the bearer of this my letter 
to your Excellency will be the Lord Giovanni Camillo Zaccagni, a Roman. He is 
a youth of the most noble deportment, and conversant with the belles-lettres ; and 
as he has few equals in Rome as regards the knowledge of the antiquities and 
notable things of that city, and besides is well acquainted with the manuscripts 
most worthy of being known, I have thought that perhaps he might in several 
ways be of service to your Excellence, and therefore I have requested him, as a 
dear friend of mine, to introduce himself and offer his services to you. I trust he 
will not fail, and that his attendance will certainly give you satisfaction. I verv 
warmly recommend him, then, to the benignity of your Excellency. Having 


written by the same post another letter to you, I have little to add, except only 
that I remain your most affectionate servant and kinsman, and that, in conclusion, 
I heartily kiss the hands of your Excellence and of your most ilhistrious Lord- 
ship's cousin who is noAv with you. From Pozolo, the 30th December 1624. 
Of your Excellence the most devoted and obliged cousin and servant, 

Makc Antonio Scoto, Count d'Agazano. 

293. The Same to The Same, regretting he is unable to receive the Earl 
in Rome, and as to the Douglases in Italy. 

Illustrissimo et excellentissimo Signor mio colendissimo, Dio sa il sentimento 
grande che h6 hauuto per non hauere potuto trattenermi in Roma per potere 
seruire Vostra Eccellenza mentre iui si fermara, et il Signor Ludovico Abbati m' 
ha scritto dei fauori ch'ella si e compiaciuta farle, io anco nela riugratio quanto 
posso assicurandola ch'esso e' gentil'homo, che uiue con molto desiderio di servirla. 
Esso Signor Ludovico mi serine che Vostra Eccellenza desidera hauere qualche lume 
del nostro principio quando uenissimo con Carlo Magno Imperatore. II nostro primo 
si domandaua Gulielmo Conte di Duglas come nell' Arbore che maudai a Vostra 
Eccellenza si uede, et fu quando detto Carlo Magno uenne contro Desiderio Re de' 
Longobardi, che traualiaua il Papa, ma perch^ possa melio hauere notitia andero 
presto a trouare mio fratello, et uedero di mandare a Vostra Eccellenza la Cronicu 
di Piacenza fatta dal Viscouo di Bagnarea. In somma uedero mandare piu chiarezza 
che potr6 a Vostra Eccellenza, a la quale fra tanto facio reuerenza. Di Pozolo 
li 30 Dicembre 1624. 

Di Vostra Eccellenza Deuotissimo et obligatissimo cugino et seruitore, 

Marc' Ant" Scoti d'Agazano. 

Most illustrious, most excellent, and most revered Lord, God knows how much 
vexation I have felt at not being able to remain in Rome to serve your Excellencv 
during the visit you are going to make there, whilst Signor Ludovico Abbati has 
written to inform me of the favours which you have been good enough to do him. I 
also have to tender you all the thanks I can on his account, and assure you that lit- 
is a gentleman who entertains a great desire to serve you. This Signor Ludovico 
writes to me that your Excellency desires to have some light as to the origin of 
our family when we came with the Emperor Charlemagne. Our ancestor was 



designated ^yilliam, Earl of Douglas (Conte di Duglas), as is seen in the Tree 
winch I sent to your Excellency, and tiourished at the time when Charleraa-ne 
came here against Desiderio, King of the Longobardi, who was harassing °the 
Pope. But, in order that you may have fuller information, I will go at onc^ and 
find my brother, and see that there is sent to your Excellency the Chronicle of 
Piacenza, composed by the Bishop of Bagnarea. In short, I will take care to send 
to your Excellency any further information I can get on the subject ; and mean- 
while I offer you my respects. From Pozolo, the 30th December 1624. 

Your Excellency's most devoted and most obliged cousin and servant, 

Marc Antonio Scoto d'Agazaxo. 


answer to the preceding two letters. Rome, 2d January 1625. 
[Original draft.] 

Illustrissdio Signore mio osservatissimo, ho riceuuto le dua di Vostra Signoria 
illustrissima di 30 Dicembre, alle quali facciendo riposta, le dird che io ho pour 
assai plena informatione per historic et altre nostre commune memorie della sua 
casa, ma desidero per maggior mia sodisfattione vedere anco la Cronica di Piacenza, 
nella quale intendo sene fa particolare mentione. In quanto a I'Arbore della nostra 
genologia, se dato a farlo, et credo che sara presto in ordine, ma non con quella 
chiazezza sarebbe necessario, per non hauer qui molte memorie si trouano in 
Scotia, tutta via procuraro si facia con quella maggior diligenza sara possibile. 

II Signor Giouan Camillo Zacchagni e stato da me. Da suo discorso I'ho 
trouato delle qualita et meriti die Vostra Signoria illustrissima mi scriue. Mi 
displace non poter fuor della mia patria mostrarli quella cortesia che meritano le 
sue virtu et la recommendatione di Vostra Signoria illustrissima ; tutta via me li 
sono oflferto in quello posso prompto a sui seruitij come anco al Signor Ludovico 
Abbati, il quale trouo medesimamente gentil'huomo molto gentile et intellii^ente. 
che per cio mi ha oljligato graudamente, et pero in quello m' impiegara me trouara 
in ogni sua occorrenza promtissimo ; et con questo resto con desiderio d'hauer 
sempre buone nuoue della sua salute, et che me fauorisci commandarmi a cio possa 
essercitar la bona volonta ho di seruirla. Con bacciarli le mani le prego di Dio 
ogni prosperita. Di Roma, li ij Gennaro 1625. 

Di Vostra Signoria illustrissima affettionatissimo cugino et seruitore. 



My most illustrious and respected Lord, I have received the two letters 
of your most illustrious Lordship of the 30th December, in reply to which I have 
to mention, that though I have very full information for the histories and other 
common memoirs of our house, I desire, for my greater satisfaction, to see also 
the Chronicle of Piacenza, in which I understand particular mention is made of 
it. In regard to the Tree of our Genealogy, I am getting it prepared, and I 
believe it will soon be ready, but it will not have the necessary clearness, owing 
to my not having here many memoirs, which are only to be found in Scotland ; 
nevertheless I will endeavour to finish it with all possible diligence. 

Signor Giouan Camillo Zacchagni has been with me. From his discoui-se I 
found him to possess those qualities and merits of which your most illustrious 
Lordship wrote to me. I am sorry that being at present out of my own country, 
I cannot show him that courtesy which both his virtues and the recommendation 
of your most illustrious Lordship deserve ; however, I have offered, so far as I 
am able, to put myself at once at his service, and also at that of Signor Ludovico 
Abbati, whom I also find to be a verj' polite and intelligent gentleman, and who 
as such has obliged me greatly ; and therefore, in whatever business he may 
employ me he will find me most ready to serve him. Having said so much, I 
remain always desirous of hearing good news of your health, and of being favoured 
with your commands to do whatever I can in the way of giving eifect to my 
willingness to serve you. Kissing your hands, I pray that God may grant you 
every prosperity. From Rome, the 2d of January 1G25. 

Your most illustrious Lordship's most affectionate cousin and servant. 

295. Signor Ferdinando Scotto to Monsieur Douglas, as to the 
prospects of service under the Republic of Venice. Bresse, 14th 
January 1626. 

Monsieur, vne de uous letres du 30 du mois passe me fut rendue a Bresse, ou ie 
arriua hier m'estant arrest^ C[uelques iours dies moy, et ie resouuins nostre atfiiire 
i Monsieur Ie General que il me diet auoir enuoye les capitulations a Venise 
pour estre consultees du Senat, du quel n'a iamais receu aucune responce, ce qui 
faict croire que la Republique ne pense point de fiiire a present de nouuelles 
leuees, ou bien que les capitulations des ofres li ont semble un peu trop onereuses, 
(jue telles de mesme ont semble a Monsieur Ie General ; au quel ie ai faict 


cognoistre que pour le grand desir que uous aues de seruir la republique uous 
aues demure tout ce temps a Lion, ou uous ne pouues plus uous arrester pour 
autres uous particuliers atTaires. Monsieur le General m'a conseille que uous ne 
pouues faire mieux que passant a Paris uous ioindre auec Monsieur I'ambassadeur 
de Venise appres ceste j\Iaiest6, que en ceste farou I'affiiire aura plus de force ; et 
moy cependant ie ferai diligence que Monsieur le General de rechef tome escrire 
a Venise pour la resolution de ceste aft'aire, la quelle quant et quant ie I'aurai 
receue ie uous I'enuoyerai la ou uous estes, d'ou si uous partes pouues laisser ordre 
que uous soit euuoyee et que ie en sois auerti. Vous ne me deues point, ]\Ionsieur, 
remercier de ce que ie n'ai point faict, niais bien estre tres certain d'un tres atfec- 
tionn6 desir que ie ai de uous rendre seruice et cejjendant que ie uous supplie de 
rechef a m'en donner le suiet. Je uous baise tres humblement les mains. 
Monsieur, vostre treshumble et tresoblige seruiteur et cousin, 

Ferdinando Scotto. 
Donn6 a Bresse le 14 Januier 1G26. 

A Monsieur, Monsieur Douglas, Gentilhomme Escossois demurant ches Madame 
d'Aubine a la place des Cordeiliers a Lyon. 


Sir, one of your letters of the 30th of last month was handed to me at 
Bresse, where I arrived yesterday, having stayed several days at my own house ; 
and I recalled our affair to the recollection of the General, who told me that he 
had sent the conditions to Venice for the consideration of the Senate, from 
whom he had received no answer. This leads one to believe that the Eepublic 
does not think at present of making the new levies, or that the conditions offered 
appear to it to be too onerous, as indeed they have appeared to be so to the 
General, to whom I have made known the great desire you have to serve the 
Republic, and that you have resided all this time at Lyons, where you cannot 
remain any longer, owing to your other private affairs. The General's advice is, 
that you could not do better than go to Paris and join the Venetian ambassador 
at the court of his Majesty tliere ; that in this way the affair will be more vigor- 
ously prosecuted ; and I, for my part, will in the meantime use all diligence that 
the General may write again to Venice for the settlement of that affair, and as 
soon as I know the result, I shall send word to you where you are residing, and 
if you leave you can give orders that my letter be forwarded to you, and that 


I be api)rised. Yuu ought not to thank me for services I have not rendered ; 
but be assured that I entertain the most affectionate desire to serve you ; and in 
the meantime I request you anew to give me an op[>ortunity of doing so. I very 
humbly kiss your hands. Sir, 

Your very humble and very obliged servant and cousin, 

Ferdinando Scottu. 

Given at Bresse, 14th January 1626. 

To Monsieur Douglas, a Scotch gentleman residing at Madame D'Aubine's, 
Place des Cordeliers, Lyons. 

296. Ottavio Scotto Count d'Agazano to William, eleventh Earl of 
Angus. A complimentary letter, and acknowledging receipt of 
Douglas Family Tree. Lodi. 28th January 1626. 

Illustrissimo Signer mio osservatissimo, con la lingua non posso esprimere 
I'alegrezza che m' ha aportata la carissima carta di Vostra Signoria illustrissinia, 
per intendere da essa il suo beii stare, che con lei me ne rategno quanto io posso; 
poi anco per scorgiere da essa, la memoria ch'ella tiene di me suo affettionatissimo 
et deuotissimo parente e servente. Non occore che Vostra Signoria illustrissima 
mi ringratia di cosa che non ho fatto per lei, per5 sapia che la mia persona et 
quanto posso disponere a questo mondo sara sempre impiegato a suoi comandi ; 
et mi pretender6 affortunatissimo quando mi si preseutera occasioni di poter la 
seruire, pero alle occasioni non mi sparmi in cosa alcuna. II Conte Marc' Antonio, 
mio fratello, ha gia hauuto I'Albero della famiglia da Vostra Signoria illustrissima 
mandatoli al Maggie del St. Dauid; questo mi scriue essere bellissimo, et che presto 
lo mandera a me ; pero e lui et io la ringratiamo di tauto fauore. Io non 
sono cortegiano per fare ceriraonie, ne tan poco inuentore di belle parole ; diro 
solo a Vostra Signoria illustrissima che ha qua me et una casa della famiglia 
tutta sua ; et che sempre ne potra disponere alia libera come di cosa sua propria, 
et quello sia detto per sempre. Con che fine a Vostra Signoria illustrissima 
bascio le mani, augurandoli da il Signor quanto desidera. Di Lodi, li 28 Gienaro 

Di Vostra Signoria illustrissima parente deuotissimo et affettionatissimo 


Ottauio Scotto, Con. d'Agazano. 

A Vostra Signoria illustrissima. 



Most illustrious and revered Lord, no speech of mine can express the delight 
which your most illustrious Lordship's very dear letter has brought me, as I learn 
from it that you are well, and on that account I dwell on it as much as I can; 
moreover, I am pleased to find that you retain a place in your memory for me, 
your most affectionate and devoted kinsman. It does not occur to your most 
illustrious Lordship that you thank me for services I have never rendered you, but 
I wish you to know that my person and everything I can dispose of in this world, 
will always be at your disposal, and I would esteem myself most fortunate when 
any opportunity occurred of serving you. Therefore on any occasion do not spare 
me in anything. The Count Marc Antonio, my brother, has already received the 
Tree of the family sent to him by your most illustrious Lordship, at his residence 
at the Maggio del St. David. He wrote to me that it is most excellent, and that 
he will send it to me soon, and he and I thank you for so great a favour. 

I am not a courtier to deal in ceremony, and as little am I an inventor of fine 
words ; I will only assure your most illustrious Lordship that I and my house are 
yours, and that you can always freely dispose of me and it as of your own 
property, and this is said once and for ever. I conclude by kissing your 
illustrious Lordship's hands, wishing you may obtain from the Lord whatever 
you may wish. Lodi, the 28th January 1G26. 

Your most illustrious Lordship's most devoted kinsman and most faithful servant, 

Ottavio Scotto Conte d'Agazano. 

297. Otto Frederic Cu:mein, Conte di Buchann, to The Same, giving 
some interesting news as to military movements at Rome; election of 
Cardinals, etc. Home, Gth February 1626. 

Illustrissimo Signor Conte Patrone mio colendissimo, la lettera di Yostra 
Signoria illustrissima scrittami da Perugia dalli 20 d' Ottobre dell' anno passato, 
tanto per la gentilezza di quello da cui erano scritte, quanto per I'auttorita sua 
(la quale ha pigliato coUa dolce sua conuersatione in Roma) sopra me di command- 
armi e stata meriteuole di subita risposta, la quale se la foituna m' hauesse fauorita 
haurei fatta, e non fossi stato astretto a refrenare la corrente voglia mia per la sua 
slontananza et incerto termine done hauesse potuto indrizzare le mie significatiue 
parole e richieste di esser fauorito da Y. S. illustrissima in comandarmi, Assicuro 


V. S. illustrissima die maggior contento et allegrezza non potei sentire di quello 
clie hebbi a veJernii cosi essaltato et lionorato di V. S. illustrissima cou viia lettera, la 
quale mi scrisse senza esser prouocato d'vna mia ; ui per merito mio, ma per sola 
gratia sua. E maggior lioaore non potrei hauer da V. S. illustrissima che d'esser 
comandato con vn altra sua, et con questo mezzo hauere cou V. S. illustrissima da 
me non meritata corrispondenza. Li do la parola di quel pouero cauagliero che non 
per uirtii mia, (ma per quella di miei antecessori, li quali fccero qualclie cose segnalate 
in Scotia) dourei essere, se non lo sono per sciagura mia, di volergli scriuere in ogni 
luogo done sapro che sara V. S. illustrissima, se pero sapesse di non opportunarla 
piu tosto che seruirla con le raie ciachere et ciarle. Qui non e altra nuoua se non 
che nostro Signore il Papa ha licentiato certi capitani e soldati qui, et il restante 
ch' arriuanx a 1000 soldati sono stati ristretti sotto cinque capitani. Si fabrica 
intorno al castel S. Angelo per rialzare li parapetti et intorniarlo coU' aque del 
Teuere. S' attende ancoraque a fondere molti pezzi d' artigliera per li quali la 
materia o bronzo e stata tolta e levata dallo Rotondo doue erano certi traui di 
bronzo; la quale leuata dicono ch' importi al Papa piu dVn millione ; certo e che 
sono grandissime machine. Per questo carneuale s' apparechia dal prencipe 
Ludouisio vna bella giostra. Nostro Signor all 19 del passato fece 12 illustrissimi 
Signori Cardinali, fra li quali come Patriarca fu il primo vn Luigi Caetano 
Patriarcha d' Antiochia; il secondo fu 1' Arcievescouo d' Lione doue credo che 
queste lettere habbino a trouare Y. S. illustrissimo ; il terzo fu vn certo mi parente, 
vn Barone Ernesto d' Harrach Arcieuescouo di Praga, il quale auanti 5 anni fu nel 
nostro Collegio Alunno ; il quarto fu Monsignor Bernardino Spada, Xuntio di 
Francia ; il quinto fu ^lonsignor Zacharia Landino, Maestro di Casa di Xostro 
Signor; il sesto fu Monsignor Berlingiero Gessio Vescouo d' Arimini ; il settimo 
fu Monsignor Federico Cornaro Venetiano Vescouo di Bergamo ; il ottauo fu 
Monsignor Giulio Sachetti Nuntio di Spagna ; il nono fu Monsignor Giouanni 
Domenico Spinola. Auditor di Camera; il decimo fu Monsignor Giaccomo Cauagliero 
Datario di Xostro Signor ; I'vndecimo fu Monsignor Lelio Biscia decano dei chierici 
di Camera ; I'ultimo poi fu D. Henriquez figlioulo del Conte d' Oliuares, fauorito del 
lie Cattolico. L'Arciduca Leopoldo fu qua vn pezzo a Roma, ma sconosciuto, come 
fu il giouene prencipe di Polonia. Con cio finisco basciando a V. S. illustrissima 
riuerentemente le mani, pregandola di nuoua mi uogli consolare e commandare con 
vna sua. Di Roma, alii 6 di Feurero I'anno 1626. 

Di Vostra Signoria illustrissima affettionatissimo et obligato seruitore, 

Ottone Federico CuiiEiN, Conte di Bucilvnx. 


P.S. — II Conte Barbarino, nipote, con piu di 300 persone e partito alia volta 
di Spagua, e poi disegiio sia per audare dall' Imperadore. In Palermo di Sicilia 
e gi'andissima mortalita di peste. 

Air illustrissimo Signor Patrone mio colendissimo, il Signor Conte d' 
Angusia, a Lione. 


Most illustrious Lord Earl, my most revered patron, the letter written by your 
illustrious Lordship from Perugia on the 20th of October of last year, both from 
the courtesy of the writer, and from the authority to command me which you 
received from me in our agreeable intercourse at Eome, is deserving of an 
immediate reply ; and I also would have replied immediately, if fortune had 
favoured me, and I had not been obliged to restrain my ardent wishes on account 
of the distance at which you are from me, and the uncertainty of the destination 
to which I would have to address the expressions and requests to be favoured 
with your most illustrious Lordship's commands. I assure your most illustrious 
Lordship that I could not feel greater satisfaction and delight than that which I 
experience at finding myself exalted and honoured by your most illustrious 
Lordship with a letter, which you wrote to me without being induced to do so by 
getting one from me, and from no merit of mine, but solely from your gracious 
kindness. And a greater honour I could not have from your most illustrious 
Lordship than to be commanded by you in another letter, and thus to have with 
your illustrious Lordship a correspondence of which I am not worthy. On the 
word of a poor cavalier (for if unfortunately I am not such, yet such I ought to 
be, not from any merits of mine, but from those of my ancestors, who have 
performed remarkable things in Scotland), I assure you that I wish to write to 
you where I may know that your illustrious Lordship may be, if I did not fear 
to annoy you rather than interest you by my gossip and prattling. 

There is nothing new here except that our Lord the Pope has paid off certain 
captains and soldiers; the remaining soldiers retained number about 1000, and are 
under the orders of five captains. Works are in progress round the castle of San 
Angelo to raise the parapets, and to surround it with the waters of the Tiber. It is 
intended besides to cast many pieces of artillery, the material of which is bronze, 
brought from the Rotondo, where there were certain beams of bronze. They say this 
will impose on the Pope an expense of a million ; certain it is, that they are great 

IGl'G.] WILLIAM, EL KV EXT 11 EAUL OE AiYf/CS. ;?(..-> 

implements. On tlie occasion of tliis carnival a fine tournament will Ije given by 
tlie Prince Ludovisio. 

Our lord on the 19th of last month created twelve must illustrious 
cardinals, of whom the first as being Patriarch was Luigi Caetano, Patriarcli of 
Antioch; the second was the Archbishop of Lyons, where I believe this letter 
will find your most illustrious Lordship ; the third was a certain relative of mine, 
Baron Ernest d'Harrach, Archbishop of Prague, who about fi\-e years ago was an 
alumnus of our college; the fourth was Mon.signor Bernardino Spada, nuntio t.. 
France ; the fifth was Monsignor Zachariah Landino. Maestro di Casa of our lord ; 
the sixth was Monsignor Berlingiero Gessio, Bishop of Arimini ; the seventh was 
Monsignor Federico Cornaro, a Venetian, Bishop of Bergamo; the eighth was 
JVfonsignor Giulio Sachetti, nuntio to Spain ; the ninth was GioAanni Domenico 
Spinola, auditor di Camera ; the tenth was Monsignor Giaconio Cavagliero, master 
of the office of dates of our lord [the Pope] ; the eleventli was Monsignor Leiio 
Biscia, Dean of tlie Clergy of the Chamber ; the last was Don Henriquez, son of 
the Count d'Olivares, the favourite of the Catholic King. The Archduke Leopold 
was here for a short time in Rome incognito, as was also the young Prince of 
Poland. I end by kissing most respectfully the hands of your most illustrious 
Lordship, praying that you may again console and command me by another letter. 
Rome, the Gth of February, the yenv 1G2G. 

Your most illustrious Lordship's 

Most affectionate and obliged servant, 
Ottoxe Federico Cu.^ieix. Contk di Buchaxn. 

^■^- — The Count Barberino, nephe^\■ [of the Pope], with more than 3CM» 
persons, has left for Spain, from which their intention is after a time to proceed to 
the Emperor. At Palermo in Sicily there is a great mortality from the jilague. 

To the most illustrious Lord, etc., the Count of Angus, at Lyons. 

■298. [MuxsiEUK Douglas.] to SigX(»k Feudinando Scotto, that as the 
Venetian Republic will not accept his services, he will not press the 
matter. Paris, 16th March 1G2G. [Original draft.] 

Monsieure, jay receu la vostre par laquelle je vous remercie bien humblemeut 
de la paine que uous auies pris en cest affaire, et vous assurant que uous aues 

306 FOREJGy ConRESPOXJ) EMJ E OF ' [IGi'f]. 

t'auorisse un persoiie gratte, <]ui est et tousjouis sera tres prest et atfectiouui- u 
rendre le pareillc, estant honort; rle vos commaudement.s ; et puis que la Repult- 
lique n'est pas vesolu de se seruire, et niou desire est de ne iniportuner a sonu 
embassadore de tel occatione, et vous feiies bieu de ne plus insisteie en ceste 
aflaire si vous ne voyer grand apparance de leur exceptatione. Attendant un 
meilleure occasione, leqiielle si presentera sur vostre lettre auec leur assurance 
je tachere de acconiplire leur <lesire, moyennant que je ne suis engage au seruice 
de mon Roy. YA touchant le oapitolationes otferts, je ne croy pas que person de 
ma qualitie ou quelque aultre qui soit (ayant I'inteutione honorable de la seruire 
fidelement come je le eu) puis ou veulle enterprendre vn telle actione sur le mesmes 
oonditiones mais pas que ceci depand de leur volonte. Sans vous im})ortuner 
d'auantage je suspende mon jugement, et remett la conduict de I'aflaire a vous, 
come estant plus capable, et pratti(iue auec eux que moy. Je croy que dans peu. 
de temps je retourneres eu mon pais ; pourquoy si Toccasione susdict presentera. 
ou que vous me voulies comander quelque chose je donne order a mon cousine de 
vous escrire I'addresse ou vous jiouieres assurer vos letters. Ainsi vous souhaitant 
toutt felicitie, je demure a jamais, 

Vostre treshumble et tresoblige seruiteur et cousione. 
A Paris le IG de Mars 1626. 

Ces offers fait au V[enice] auec une lettre au Signor Ferdinando de Lion.' 


Monsieur, I have received yours, for which I thank you very humbly fur thf 
trouble you have taken in this attaii', assuring you that you have done a favour 
to a grateful person, who is and always will 1)e very ready and eager to render 
the like, when honoured with your commnnds ; and since the Republic (of 
Venice) has not decided to accept my services, and my desire is not to importune 
their ambassador on such an occasion, you also will do well not to insist in this 
affair, unless you see a strong probability of their acceptance. Should a 
suitable occasion present itself, as the result of your letter, with their encourage- 
ment, I should endeavour to accomplish their desires, as in the meantime I am not 

I It is not known who was the writer of this letter it is evidently in rejily to that ou 
pp. 2',*9, 300, addressed to "' Monsieur Douglas." 


engaged in tlie service of my King. In regard to the capitulations ottered, 1 do nut 
believe that any person of rny quality, or an} m;in whatever wiio entertains the 
honourable intention of serving faithfully, as I do, could or would undertake such 
an action on the same conditions ; but on tht; understanding that this does not 
depend on their Avill. "Without troubling you more, I sus})en(l my judgment. 
and remit the management of the affair to you, as ])eing more capable, and 
more in the way of dealing with them than I am. I think that in a short 
time I will return to my native country. However, if the above-mentioned 
opportunity should present itself, or you should please to command me in any- 
thing, I have given orders to my cousin to write to you, and give you the 
address to which you can direct your letters. So wishing you every happiness, 
I remain, 

Ever your very humble and very obliged servant and cousin. 

Paris, IGth March 1626. 

This otter made to V[enice] with a letter to the Signor Ferdinando, from 


Angus]. A friendly invitation to Italy. Perugia, 30th April 1626. 

Illustrissimo Signor e patrone collendissimo, con I'occasione ch' il Signor Banna- 
tini passa per Perugia, ritornandosi alia patria, io uolui piglar presuntione di 
racordar lo mio seruitio a Vostra Signoria illustrissima, et a farle reuerenza. come 
anche a tutti Signori figli alii C[uali mi dedichero seruitore, otterendole che se 
mai r uenisse in pensiero di uenir in Italia, la casa e tutto quello che io ho con la 
propria persona. S' io hauesse saputo come indrizzar lettere, haurei scritto piu e 
piu volte, et adesso scriucrei molto piu troppo e tauto che le recevrei forse a tedio. 
se uon ch' il Signor Nicolo sin)lira a voce e le dara ragguaglio del tutto, in particolar 
della deuotione ch' ho a V. S. illustrissima et la sua casa, e dell' affetto ch' ho alii 
Signori Roberto e Patricio, e I'anima ch' ho a tutto il i»aese, e con (pusto torno a 
far reuerenza, pregandole da il Signor Iddio ogni compita felicita. Perugia, I'ultimo 
di Aprile 1626. 

Di Vostra Signoria illnstrissima deuotissimo seruitore, 




Most illustrious Lord and revered patron, taking advantage of the opportunity 
atibrded by Mr. Bannatine returning by Perugia to his native country, I have 
ventured to presume so far as to otier my services and my rc\erence to your most 
illustrious Lordship, and to my Lords your sons. To all of you I dedicate myself 
as servant, offering you, if ever you should think of coming to Italy, my house 
and all that I have, together with myself. If I had known where to address 
letters I would have written repeatedly ; and I would write now far too much, 
and so much as to weary you, were it not that ]Mr. Nicol will supply c'tni coo' 
what 1 have omitted, and will give you information of everything, in particular 
of the desire that I have to see your most illustrious Lordship at my house, and 
of the affection I feel towards Signors Eobert and Patrick, and the sentiments 
that I entertain for your country in general. I again offer my reverence, praying 
that God may grant you all happiness. Penigia, the last day of April 1626. 
Your most illustrious Lordship's most devoted servant, 


300. Otto Frederic, Conte di Buchan, to William, eleaenth Earl of 
Angus, referring to some theological discussions at Pome, and making 
professions of service. Rome, 18th September 1627. 

Illustrissimo Signor patrone mio colendissimo, Ho indugiato vn pezzo a non 
scriuere a V. S. illustrissima non gia per essermi straccato nell offerirmi ad ogni 
seruitio, ma piu tosto per non saper il stato e la dimora di V. S. illustrissima, la 
quale non ho potato, ne manco (se non poco tempo in qua) saper dal Signor Dauid 
Camerario, dal quale per commandamento de Vostra Signoria illustrissima bisognaua 
domandare di questo particolare. Con cio do conto a V. S. illustrissima che doppo 
hauer defeso publicamente auanti il .sacro Collegio di Cardinal! certe conclusioni 
di tutta la Teologia dedicata a sua ^Nlaiesta Cesarea andoio alia corte di sua Santita 
il Papa per seruirgli per Camerariero suo, al qual officio souo stato promosso per 
la racommandatione della predetta Maiesta 1' Imperatore, il quale scrisse vna cal- 
dissima lettera per me al Sommo Pontefice ; di questo auiso a V. S. illustrissima 
non per altra mira et intentione, se non per mostraimeli adesso vn poco habile si 
non per riceuere (di quale son stato ancora prima <lesideratissimo) al meno per 


compire meglio li commandamenti de V. S. illustrissima, appresso la quale piote.sto 
(■oUa presonte die so vuole cognoscermi per quel servitore die desidero e bramo 
essergli, si degni d' hoiiorarmi di qualche suo commandamento, s' assicuii con com- 
maiidare ad vn fidele e diligente seruitore, il quale non retiutarii ne risparmiara 
fattica por impiegarsi del tut to in seruitio di V. S. illustrissima ; e questo gia non 
voglio die sia preso per termine di cortesia ma per germanica e leale testimonianza 
<lel volere e desio die ho' di servire V. S. illustrissima. E cosi col fine supplican- 
dola di nuouG si voglia in ogni occorrenza preualere della persona mia, racomando 
colla presente il latore d' essa gia conosciuto auanti di V. S. illustrissima, e megli 
dedico seruitore basciondogli le mani. 

Di V. S. illustrissimo afFettionatissimo et obedientissinio servitore, 

OiTONE Federico Cumenio, Coxte di Bughuaxn. 

Ui Roma li 18 di Setteuibre 1627. 

P.S. — Mando a V. S. illustrissima vna mia conclusione e libbretto per la 
disputa die sara li 26 del presente. 

Air illustrissimo Signor patrone mio il Signor Guilelmo Douglasio, Conte 
d'Angusia die Dio guardi. 


Most illustrious Lord, my most revered patron, I have waited a little before 
writing to your most illustrious Lordship, not that I am weary of offering to serve 
you in every way, but rather from not knowing the circumstances and residence 
of your most illustrious Lordship, which I could not ascertain ; and I have failed 
(until a short time ago) in getting any information about you from David 
Camerario, of whom, by command of your most illustrious Lordship, I had to 
make inquiry in regard to these particulars. However, I now have to mention 
to your most illustrious Lordship, that, after having defended publicly, before 
the sacred College of Cardinals, certain conclusions from the whole range of 
theology which were dedicated to his Imperial Majesty, I went to the Court of 
his Holiness the Pope to serve him as Chamberlain, to which office I have been 
promoted on the recommendation of his foresaid Majesty the Emperor, who wrote 
a very warm letter in my favour to the Supreme Pontift'. This I mention to you 
with no other aim and intention than to show you that I am to some extent 
better able, if not to receive (of which I am still desirous above all things), at all 


events to execute, the commands of your most illustrious Lordship. I protest tu 
you on this occasion that, if you wish to find in me such a servant as I desire and 
wish to be to you, you have only to deign to honour me with any of your com- 
mands, and be assured that you will then command a faithful and diligent servant. 
who will neither refuse nor spare trouble in devoting himself entirely to the 
service of your most illustrious Lordship ; and I do not desire this should be taken 
as mere words of courtesy, but as a true and loyal testimony of the will and 
desire I have to ser\'e your most illustrious Lordship. And so I end, entreating 
you again on every occasion to make use of me. I commend the bearer of this 
present letter to you ; he is already known to your most illustrious Lordship, and 
I dedicate myself as servant to you, kissing your hand?. At Home, the Ibth of 
September 1G27. 

Your most illustrious Lordship's 

Most affectionate and most obedient .servant, 
Ottone Federico Cumenio, Conte di Buquhann. 

P.6'. — I send to your most illustrious Lordship one of my conclusions, and the 
book for the disputation which will take place on the 26th of the present month. 
To the most illustiious Lord, my most respected patron, the Lord William 
Douglas, Earl of Angus, whom God preserve. 



:^0l. — Letter of William, Lord of Douglas, to Kincx Edward the 
Third, comi)laining of the invasion of Eskclale during truce 
[November 1357].^ 

A TRESEXCELLENT et tresuoble prince, le Koy Dengleterre, et a son counseille 
nionstre William, Seigneur de Douglas, et se pleynt que le Semady proscheyn 
a[)res laflfermaunce de la triwe a Berwyk, et la deliuerance nostre Seigneur le Roy 
Descoce, vynt monsire Robert Tuyllyoll', od graund poaer od lui de gentz de 
Cumbreland et de Westmerland, et playnement du iour praya ces terres de 
Eskedal' et prist de ces poures gentz illoesqes a la summe de mille boefs et 
vaches et autres iouenes bestes, mille berbys et chiuaux. et espreth de mesones a 
la value de xxli. ; et monsire Thomas de Lucy mesmes fist suppowell' et aftbrce- 
ment au dit chiuauche par force et subtill' embuschement fait au gentz, que 
voleyent auoir rescowe lour ditz biens solont vertue de triwes, de queux tortz et 
damages le dit William pur redresse, depuis qil ne nuUes de soens nad rien 
mespris ne nulle damage fait au dit Roy Dengleterre na nulle de soens puis le 
tretys a Berwyk et lafferraaunce de la triwe auantdite. 

Item, le dit William se pleynt que puis la triwe prise a Loundres parentre les 
counseillers le dit Roy Dengleterres et les messages Descoce, si ad le dit monsire 
Robert Tuyllyoll', par afforcement et abettement monsire Thomas de Lucy, et par 
leyde de gentz de Cumbreland et Westmerland, destruyt ces terres ascune foytz 
par playn chiuauche de iour od estandars desployetz, et par embuschementz faitz 
par le ditz monsire Thomas ascune foytz par larrouns [trojublantz de nuyt, et 
rescettez au chastel de Lochmabane, et auxi pris plusours de ces gentz et raun- 
souue issynt que ces poures gentz sunt resceu damage a la value de cynk mille 
liures desterlyngs. Et coment que le dit William ad soetfert tauntz de damages 
et tortz il mesmes vnqes ne list chiuauche. nembuschement, ne nulle damage a 
nuUy dengleterre, fors si ces poures gentz quant ils furent prayetz et destruytz 
sunt ascune foytz pris de gentz monsire Thomas et sire Robert chateu.x et autres 
biens, sur quele damage le dit William ad souent foji;z profert redresse et amendes, 
au fin qe le dit monsieur Thomas lui voleit auoir fait mesme ceo, et auoir cesse et 
' Original in Public Record Office, London. 


eschaunche, le dit monsire Robert et il lui respoundist toux ioiirs qil ne voleit ne 
fuist de poaer de lui eschauncher. Et outre ceo, le dit William profry au dit 
monsire Robert vynt liures desterlyiigs pur la dite triwe tenire vers lui et ces 
gentz, le quel profre il ret'usa et ne voleit estre de triwe. De queux damages et 
tortz le dit William pur resone et redresse, qar il serra toux iours- prest de faire 
redresse et amendes de toux damages faitz par les soens siauant come resone voet 
puis la dite triwe pris a Loundres. 


To the most excellent and most noble Prince, the King of England, and his 
council, William, lord of Douglas, shews and complains that the Saturday next 
after the ratification of the truce at Berwyk, and the liberation of our lord, the 
king of Scotland, there came Sir Robert Tuyllyoll, and with him a great power 
of people from Cumberland and Westmoreland, and in open day despoiled the 
lands of Eskdale, taking from the poor people there to the number of a thousand 
oxen and cows and other young beasts, a thousand sheep and horses, and house- 
hold stuff to the value of £20; and that Sir Thomas of Lucy gave them sup- 
port and reinforcement in the said raid, by force and cunning ambushment made 
against these people who desired to rescue their said goods, according to the tenor 
of the truce ; of which wrongs and losses the said William [craves] redress, 
since neither he nor any of his men have done anything despiteful, or any 
damage to the said king of England or his men since the treaty at Berwyk, 
and the ratification of the foresaid truce. 

Moreover, the said AVilliam complains that since the truce taken at London 
between the councillors of the said king of England and the ambassadors of Scot- 
land, in the same Avay the said Sir Robert Tuyllyoll. by reinforcement and al)et- 
ting of Sir Thomas of Lucy, and with the help of the people of Cumberland and 
Westmoreland, has spoiled his lands, at times in open raid by day with lianner^ 
displayed, and ambushments made by the said Sir Thomas, at time^ by thieve> 
troubling by night and reset at the castle of Lochmabaue, and he has also taken 
several of these poor people and put them to ransom, so that they have received 
damage to the amount of five thousand pounds sterling. And although the said 
William has suffered so many losses and wrongs, he never made raid, ambus-h, 
nor any damage to any of England, unless that these poor people, when they were 
despoiled and ruined, have sometimes taken from the i)eople of Sir Thomas and Sir 
Robert, chattels and other goods, of which damage the said \Mlliam has frequently 

offered redress and amends, to the end that the said Sir Thomas might be willing 
to have made the same to him, and to have ceded and exchanged with the said 
Sir Robert, who always answered him that he neither ^\^shed, nor had the power 
to exchange with him. And, besides this, the said William offered to the said 
Sir Robert twenty pounds sterling for keeping of the said truce towards him 
and those people, which olfer he refused, and would have no truce. Of which 
damages and wrongs the said William [craves] for justice and redress, as he will 
be always ready to make redress and amends of all damages done by his men, 
according as justice will, since the said truce made at London. 

302. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to the English Privy CoUxVCIL, in reference 
to Gavin Douglas, bishop-elect of Dunkeld. 14th July [1515].^ 

My Lordes, aftur mooste humble and due recommendacion had unto your goode 
lordshippes, pleas it the same to know, that I received a pacquet of letters from 
youe by pooste the ij'^^ daye of this present moneth, and by my letter therein 
conteigned, I perceve that the kingges commandment and yours is, that I shuld 
■with all convenient deligence not oonly send the Poopes two briefs and their 
coopies, with a pacquete of letters to th' abbot of Arbroothe, elect of Dunkell, and 
with the same I shuld write unto hym shewing howe the kingges grace hath been 
800 goode lorde unto hym, to opteyne for hym the said bushopricke of Dunkeld, 
but also yf I couthe fynde the mean that at the tyme of delyvere of the said 
brefes to the saide elect, there might be present a notary whiche wold testifie the 
same delyveryng, and thereupon make an instrument in due fourme. 

My Lordes, because I couthe not be in suretie to haif a Scotts notary redy at 
the delyveree of the said brefes, I sent the said brefes and pacquett with a servaunt 
of myn owune, and therupon made letters to the Quene of Scotts and the elect of 
Dunkeld, and send them with the common notary of the merchies, whiche canne 
perfitely speke and undrestande Frenche, to th'entent he shuld see the delyveree 
of the said brefes, the copies of whiche letres I send unto your lordships herein 

And as they were riding at ^loffett, xxxvj myles within Scotland, on Wednes- 
day in the mornyng, the iiij'^ daye of this moneth, Sir Alexander Gearden, knight, 
toke the said notary and letters, and because they mencioned of the same brefes 
whiche my servaunt had in keping, the same Sir Alexander toke the brefes from 

' Original in Public Record Office, London. 

my servaunt, and had the notary and letres, with the brefes and pacquet, to the 
Lord Chamberlain, beyng wanhun, and from hym to the Duke of Albanye in Edin- 
burghe, aiid there the said notary sixwe tlie same brefes and writings in tlie Dukes 
haunde, of whom he desired, that aither the said brefes and writing were given to 
him, that he might deliver them according to there superscripcions, or els that it 
wold like his lordship to cause them be delivered accordingly, for his discharge, 
saying that he come upon the Poopes message. The said Duke sent the quene 
hir letter unopynned, and redd the othre letres to the counsale oppenly, and 
thenne delivered as well the Poopes brefes as pacquett unto the custodie of 
Maister Gawen Dunbar haundis, )»eyng clerk of the counsaill, and kepar of the 
Register, to be furthe comyng whenne as they be called for. 

And as sone as it come to my knowledge that the notary and my servaunt 
were arrested, I made an other letter to the seid elect, reciting the etiect of my 
former letters as Aveel sent to the quene as hym, with the Poopes brefes, whiclie 
letter was delivered to the same electis haunde with all celerite (the coopie of 
whiche letter I in likewise send unto your lordshippes), and anon efter the same 
Duke sent for the elect and examined hym in the presence of the counsale whedder 
he made laubor to the Poopes holinesse and the kingges highness, our souverain 
lord, for the said bushopriche or not, or howe durst he be soo bold as to laubor 
therefor without licence of the King of Scottes, or governour of Scotland in his 
nonage, (who answered that he made never laubor therfor, and what laubor as 
the queene, his soverain lady, made for his promocion as tutrice and governour to the 
king, hir sonne, he knewe not), ^^'herupon, the Duke being frett with ire and 
malice, committed hym to warde in the castell of Edinburghe, where as he yit 
remaignes, and then suffered the said notary and my servant to depart at their 
libertes on Thurisday last past, after they had bene kept viij^'' daies in warde. 

My lordes, seyng the premisses come not to so good spede as the kinges high- 
nesse entended they shuld haif doon, there is noo man living more sory for it 
thenne I am, wherin I did my best deligence for the spede and performance of your 
commandmentes, as our Lord God knowes ; wherfor I besiche your good lordshippes 
to have me excused, for had not bene the sending of the notary, whiche was taken 
as a straungier in Scotland, I couthe haif conveyed the writiuges to the handes of 
the said elect without daungier. 

For newes, your lordshippes shalle knovve that I am advertised be myu espies out 
of Scotland that the busshop of Murraye hath not oonly opteyned tharchiebusshoj)- 
riche of Sanctandres, and is come home in Scotland, but also the Duke has 


coraaaJed hym to ward to reniagiie in the priory of Pettenweuie, within eight niyle 
where he hiunded, and noo ... to come to the court ne counsale. It is thought 
tliat he shalbe kept in strater warde unto the season as he resigne the said arclii- 
busshopriche to thuse of a bastarde sone of the Late King of Scottes, whiche come 
home in companye with the seid Duke. 

The Lord Drommond, capten of the castell of Striveling, was sent fore be the 
Duke tappcre afore hym upon his allegiance, whiche, at his commyng, was accused 
for the striking of an harrold. and also that he, with other lordes, shuld have bene 
of counsale to have made the kinges grace, our maister, protector of Scotland, and 
delyvered the young king to his hands. And therupon he was committe to warde 
on Weddinsday last past, and shall abyde assise in Edinburghe upon ^Monday next 

I assure your lordshippes that the Queue of Scottes canne gitt noo noblemann 
to be capten of Streveling, ne that woll take the charge of keping of the younge 
king and his broder, for every man refuses hir and giffes them to the duke, whiche 
I fere, and canne see noo remedy ; but, in conclusion, the king and his broder wyll 
come and be delyvered to the duke's haundes, to there utter distruccion by all 
likelyhode, and as I am credably ascertaigned be my secrete espiell. 

I trust that at the breking up of ther parliament to gitt knowledge of ther 
determinacion, and what ordour shal be taken emonge them, and therof I shall 
advertise youe with all spede and deligence. 

My lordes, of snche letters as the Queue of Scottes half sent with the Poo|ies 
legate, whiche hathe been in Scotland this yere passed, as well to the kinges high- 
ness, the Frenche queue, his and hir sister, as to diverse other of you — my lordes 
of the kingges counsale, to be mean and sollicitors to his highnes for hir hel}). 
She is right desirous to half aunsuer again, albeit whennc she might have holpen 
hir self and husbande, with his freyndes, and also meanes founde and devised for 
the suretie of them and hir childer. she regarded it litell, whiche she now sore 
repents, making great lamentacion and weping daily for the same. She is great 
with child ; it is thought by her freyndes that thorowe the anguyshe of the pre- 
misses, she wolbe in great jopardie of hir lyfe. remembring the daungier that hir 
husbande, uncle, and his grauntfader staundes in at this tyme, as the Holy Trinite 
knowes, who kepe your good lordshippes. At Karlisle, the xiiij daye of July. 

Yours att commandment, 

Thomas Da ore. 

To my lordes of the kinirges moste honorable counsale. 


303. Thomas, Lord Dacre, to the Privy Council of England, narrating 
affairs ia Scotland. Naworth, 4tli August [1515].^ 

My Lordes, in niooste humble maner I recommende me vnto your Lordshippes. 
And whereas I, be my last writiugis vnto youe, sent with my seruaunt the furst 
daye of this month, promysed to certifie your Lordshippes touching the fastnes 
and demeanour of the Lord Home, Chamberlain of Scotland, on the quene's partie, 
your Lordshippes shall knowe that be the best and mooste politique meanes that 
I couthe devise, I haue soo moved and induced the said Lord Home, that he is 
[as] fiist and sure vpon the quenes partie as cane be thought, wherunto ye may 
gif ferme credence, for he sees the Duke Albanye is sett to haue the children in 
his owne handis and keping, whiche is expressedlr for tlier vtter distruccion. 
Th'erle Anguysshe was chargid, vpon his liegiance, by the Dukes writinges, to 
come to Striueling town, and ther lye for keping of vitailes from the quene and hir 
partie takers, according to my formour writingis. Wherupon it was devised, be 
th'assent of the said Erie, me, and the Lord Chamberlain, for the conveyaunce of 
the younge king and his broder the prince, that the same Erie and a broder of 
the chamberleyns, with thre score horse in ther companye, shuld ry-de to 
Striueling for performance therof; and at ther commyng thidder they faunde 
th'erle Lennax, th'erle Castillis, the Lord Borthuike and the Lord Eivan. with 
fyve hundreth men lieng with them in the to\\Tie to kepe vitailes from the 
quene and hir companye. And whane as th'erle Anguysshe perceyved that, 
[he] drew towardis the castell, and not oonly spak with the quene, but also gaif hir 
his advice and counsale to the sure keping of the seid castell, and no one to 
abyde therin saif oonly the quene, fyve gentilwomen, and the men, and put in 
George Douglas, his broder, to be capten therof, vnder the king and quene. 

And soo wdien he perfytely knewe that they couthe not spede of ther purpose 
anentis the sure conveyance of the king and his broder, th'erle Anguysshe and 
the Lord Chambrelain broder thought to haif stolene awey, and in ther departing 
parte of ther seruauntes were slayne, for they lak xvj of them, albeyt ther selves 
escaped and come to the Lord Chambrelain in the Newark, vpon the jMiddill 
Marche, where as they be jit, and soo according to the kingis commandment and 
yours, jolowsye is surely casten betwixt the Duke and Chambreleyne. The quene 
is aduertised that th'erle, hir husband, and the Chambrelains broder, er escaped, 
wherof I trust she is joyous. I am credably enformed that the Duke in his awne 
^ Original in Public Record Office, London, 


persoue wol lyde to Striueling on the vj*^ dale of this month, and lye in the Freres 
in companye with the forsaid lordes, oonly to famysshe the quene and hir partie, 
beyng within the castell. 

At the last departing with the quene and hir husbande it was determined, 
that in caace the Duke or any other lordes wol make garriable weir ageinst the 
castell, that the quene shal sett the younge king vpon the walles, in the sight of 
all personnes, crowned and the ceptur in his haunde, soo that it shalbe manifestely 
knowen to euery personne, that the weir shalbe made ageinst the kinges owne 
personne. I am put in comforthe that the castell of Striueling is vitelled, 
fortefied and stored with men and artillery, that it canne not be wonne athis 
syde Michaelmas. 

My lordes, yf the kinges highenes wol haif this matier followed vpon, it wolbe 
chargeable to his grace, for his higlienes must nedes send down some money to the 
said Erie in haist, for bering his charges and fortefieng his causes according to 
this purpose, for [he] has noo goodes to here hym one, and without money I feare 
me that necessite shal dryve them to an aggreament, for they er not able to con- 
tinewe ayeinst the Duke without ayde and assistence. 

Myne opynyon is, vndre your correccions, that daies of trieux be kept and full 
redresse made to the kinges partie takers, and annoysaunce to be doone be Scottes- 
raeu to the contrary partie, and noo thing to be doone by eny Inglishman vnto the 
kinges pleasour and yours be knowen. 

Necessary it were that letters were made and sent to the Frenche king wher- 
upon that he may ^^rite to the Duke of Albanye in haiste for the well of the 
queue and hir children of Scotland. And that letters were sent to the said Duke 
of Albanye from the kinges grace in all haiste beane haraulde at amies according 
to my last writinges, and also that the same haraulde may haif a letre with credence 
from the kinges highenes to the quene of Scottes, whereby he may come by me, 
and he to be instructed with th'aduices of th' erle Anguysshe, the lord Home, and 
me what shalbe a part of his credence and ordour for his better spede. 

I trust within four or v daies to speke with th'erle Anguysshe wherof your 
lordshippes shalbe aduertised. My lordes, because my witt is barren, and that I 
haue no one to take counsail of in these weghty matiers saif oonly my broder, Syr 
Cristofer, yf the kinges highenes woll waide ferr in the premisses, I humbly desire 
your lordshippes that I may haue a wise and discrete man to be associat with me 
for the better performance of the kinges pleasour and yours. My lordes, for the 
spede of these writhiges, I haif laid four of my seruauntes betwixt this and 


London, as poostes, wherin it wol like youe that I may know your pleasours whiclit- 
I shal performe be tlie grace of the Holy Trinite, who preserue youe. At Nawarde, 
the iiij**^ daye of August. 

Yours att comandmentt, 

Thomas Dacre. 

304. Bond between Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, the Earl of 
Arran, and Lord Home, as to the charge of the king's person. 
Coldstream, 15th October 15 15.^ 

Mejiorandum. In Scotland, at Caldstreme, the xv day of Octobre, the yer of 
God a thowsand fy vehundreth and fy vetene yerres, it is agreyt be Archbalde, Erll 
of Angwyse, James, Erlle of Arrene, and Alexander, Lord Homme, for the weyll and 
souertie of the kyngis grace, our so\'eraigne lorde, and my lord Duke, hys broder. to 
bryng theyr graces owt of the kepping of suspeccioun as theye be nowe, ande to 
be pute in souer kepping for theyr prosperos estayte be the advice of the great 
and nowbelle lordis of the realmme. And for the performance heyrof we the said 
Archbalde, James ande Alexander promettys and faythfuUy oblyshis us, elkene 
to othir, one the faythe and trewythe in our bodys, to take elken othir partes bavth 
ine this matter and all othr in goud and in evelle agayns all mene at woll take 
parte agajns us, and nayne of us agre ne intercomenyug of agi-ement with the Duke 
of Albanye, nor nayne of his counsalle, without tlie assent and consent, elken of 
othir, alle our ken freyndis and partyetakers ; in wytnese heyreof we haif pute to 
oure hand is daye and the place abof writtine. 

305. Thgjlvs Lord Dacke to Cardinal AVolsey. Affairs in Scotland. 
Naworth, 17th April [1517].^ 

Plk.\s it your grace, I haue received your writing in Cornell vpon the E.*t 
Marchies, on Friday e, at night, the thridde daye of this instant moneth, dated at 
Grenewiche, the xxa iij daye of ;^L'lrche, and vnderstandes by the same, the kinges 
pleasour not oonly is that Clarencieux retourne to Scotlande and deliuer his letres 
confirmatories, but also T shuld instructe hym to ordour hym self accordiui; 
aswell to your said writing as to do his beste devoir that the letres of saufcon- 
duyte may be obteyned vnder the greate seall of Scotland, in suche maner as it i> 
nowe refourmed, as more at lienthe your said writing purporteth. 

1 Old Copy in British Musenni. - Original in Public Record Office, London. 

Pleas it your grace, I thought it not beste to sende Chirencieux sodenly to 
Scotlande, but land he to speke with Monsieur De la Bastie, warden of the said 
Marchies, with oder commissioners, and to debate and go throughe in all causes or 
the said Clarencieux shuld ryde. And on tlie yj*'^ daye of this said moneth came 
the said De la Bastie and a secrete seruant of the Dukes, named ]M'' Thomas Haye, 
to Caldstreme hauglie, with whome I and the said Clarencieux spake, and by them 
kuewe the Duke and thre estates myudes. Wherupon I sent the same Claren- 
cieux to Edinburghe with the letres confirmatories, and newe addicions som parte 
alterate by me concernyng the queue, if she do any otfence, that commissioners of 
aither realme be appointed to mete vpon requisicione for refourmyng and amend- 
ing of the same like as your grace may perceive by the principall that your grace 
sende me. And therupon the treux vnto the feeste of Sainct Andrewe was pro- 
clamed, the xv'^ daye of this said moneth, in Edinburghe, as my seruant herde 
afore xj of the cloke, and after the dating of Mr. Clarencieux lettre, as ye may 
perceyve by the same, whiche in likewise I sende at this tyme, besecheing your 
grace that after the commyng of Clarencieux, I may haue the copye of them 
drawen in Englishe, and sent me for myne vnderstanding, forasmiche as I muste 
be th'executour of theme for the kiuges discharge. 

And where as your grace writeth the abstinence of werre beyng established, 
provision maye be made in the mean tyme, that at the expiryng therof, if the 
Scottes contynue in there haulte and disdeynous demeanour, they may be enforced 
better to knowe them selfe thenne they nowe doo ; and therfore the kinges 
highenes commandement is, I shulde not oonly devise and studie the waies and 
meanes howe it may be effectually done, but also to ascerteyn his highenes or 
your grace of the same, M'ith convenient diligence, for provision to be made this 
somer accordingly. Pleas it your grace that or your said writing came to me, 
I drewe a booke, after my poore mynde and barren witte, for the sure defence of 
the kingis marchies his leeste charge, and for the mooste annoysaunce of the 
Scottes, and did sende the same to your grace with my fellowe, Mr. Magnus, 
whiche I trusts your grace hath herde and sene or this. And better devise or 
enfounuacion I cannot sende without greater charge to the kinges highenes. 

According to the foresaid writing, both I and Mr. Clarencieux hath made the 
beste brute in Scotlande we canne, whiche niaketh the grete personages of the 
same look downe, and vs all the kinges subjectes vpon the bordours to make mery, 
drinking wynes for gladnes. 

Furthermore, where it pleaseth the kinges highenes and your grace to com- 


mande me to enserche the verie trouthe and plannesse if anny greate nombre of 
gonnes, hagbushes, hand gonnes, halbardes, marispikes and Almayne ryvettes, 
with other artillery and abilimentes of werre, were sente into Scotlande, according 
to thaduertisement of soudery espielles out of France ; like it your grace to 
knowe, that lately there came a knight and a harrald of Fraunce with thordour 
of Saincte Michaell to the Duke of Albany, who were honourably receyved after 
there manei', and deliuered to the said Duke. And as it is said the Kinge of 
Castell and he were both made at oon election, they brought with them also 
certen halbertes and Almane ryvettes for the Dukes garde, but of no value nor 
substaunce, as I am credibly enfourraed. 

For newes in Scotlande, the Duke entendeth shortlie to brizig the king from 
Stryveling to Edinburghe Castell, and to chaunge the lordes that gave attend- 
aunce vpon hym, and to assigne order lordes to adwaite \'pon hym. What 
jeopardie or inconvenient is like to ensewe therof, the king lieng in the castell, 
and the Duke in thabbey, I remitte to your grete wisdome. Therle of Angus 
hathe bene sent fore by the Duke, and hatlie sitten thre commandementes ; and 
seing the abstinence nowe taken, I thinke, vndre your correction, his commyng in 
these parties after the same abstinens, canne neither be honorable to the kingis 
highenes nor prouffete. 

And, finally, the Duke wrote a letre with oon Dauid Cameron, messenger, 
asking deliuerance at me of certene fugitives, wherunto I made aunsuere, as your 
grace maye further perceive, aswell by the said letre as aunsuere sende youe at 
this tyme. And the Holy Trinitie haue your grace in his blessed gouvernaimce. 
At Nawarde, the xvij*^ daye of Aprile. — Yowrs with serues, 

Thomas Dacre. 

306. John Duke of Albany to Cardinal Wolsey. 1 1th December [1521].^ 

MoNSEiGNEUR Eeuerendissime, jay receu voz lettres respousiues acelles je vous 
enuoye par Eosse touchant les affaires dela Reyne d'Escosse, et par icelles me 
mandez que le Roy, votre maistre, a depesche ses amples commissions a la refor- 
macion et redrecement de toutes choses faictes sur les frontieres, la on le lieu est 
que Ion peult mieulx cognoistre les affaires que autre part ; desirant de son couste 
que toutes choses soient si bien entretenues et reformees quil nen puisse aduenir 
autre choses que bonne amitie, paix et concorde entre le Roy, mon seigneur, et 
luy. Dont je suis tres ioyeulx de sa continuelle bonne intencion actendu que 
^ Original in Public Record Office. 

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cest ontierement moii desir ainsi, que assez lauez pen a perceuoir, parce que ja}' 
I fait fays tous les jours, et est moii intencion de faire tellement que, sil ne tient a 
\ autre quo a iDoy, les choses sortiront si bon effect que Dieu y sara seruy et sera le 
I bicn, Jjoii seu'iemeiit de ces deux royaumes, mais de toute la Crestiente. Et si jo 
I yovjiloye fa<re cas de toute?: clioses, je deueroys le faire de deux choses. Tune de 
I }&. credence de OIarenc),.ux touchant la lettre a moy demaudee, impossible a mon 
I )i«aBeur dicelle baillev et surce ret^nir les choses traictecs et accordees saus It-s 
i deliurcr ; lautre est dudit Clarenciaux, qui a enuoye mon secretaire deuant au Nef 
I chaste I et puis est dernoure avec Monsieur Dacre, ne scay a quelle fin. Dieu vueilli 
que le but ainsi que le bien de la C'restiente le requiert, et nen puis plus auant dir-j 
pour le present quant a ce propos. Et quant a ce C£ue me mandez que quekjU'.- 
I secrete de royaume a deu raes-changer le stille avons depar moy acoustume et 
bonnoi^blej je vous asseure cpie ce qui aa possible vous en faire quant a moy je Ir 
I desire et le vueil, et tant que je vous aperceueray au bien de la paix enclin, ainsi 
I que votre estat le portc, et que me niauez tousiours escript estes en ce voulloir. 
I iton sealeraent vous feray houueur en stille de rescription, mais en tout autre endroit 
j anioy possible vous feray Imuneur et plaisir de bon cueur, nayant regard a ceque 
I sif'ssiears les Estats de ce rojaume sauent tres bien aduiser et debatre, que vou> 
I i>e fautes amoy le semblable que pour vous demandez, ne ainsi que le lieu dont je 
! suis et FofFice que jay soubz it- Koy, mon seigneur, nepueu du Eoy, A'otre maistre. 
I k requk'rfc, pour lequei seal je vouldroye debatre quant besoing seroit, plus auant 
I (^ue je It ay pour le present delibere eu faire cas, car ma nature est beaucoup plus 
j d^siisaut udre ce que appartient a honueur que den demander la gloire. Monseigneur, 
! parce mUg par luou dit secret aire a^'sez amplement auez este aduerty de toutes 
chose j., et par Ciereiiciaux, sil a vonlu le vous escripre, ne vous feray plus longuo 
ktre, car j« feiz bien ample response a la dessus dit Eeyne d'Escosse dece quelle 
lii? rescript. Lay feray de bon cueur tout plaisir et seruice a moy possible et 
iV'i.aV)i(- pf. jncq"es a ran :5CiiIjmcnt donner congie a son mary, leConte d'Angoux, 
ciVl!er vms eib, mats luy rera< n;^tier et assouuenir le plaisir quil peult auoir auec 
te.']-;? p.incesse que jeile la, aydanL Dieu, monseigneur reuerendissime, lequei prie 
\ov>: aaoir en sa samote garlc. A Edinbourgh le xi** jour de Decembre. 
Tou^j jouis votre bon frere et amy, 


: ' . TlTz* NSLATION. 
*' 'fMosr re^'ereifd Lord, J have recti ved your letters in answer to those I sent 
you by Ros^e regarding the affairs of the queen of Scotland, and by these yoi; 

inform me that the kiug, your master, has despatched his ample commissions for 
the reformation and redress of all things done on the Borders, where matters can 
be understood better than elsewhere ; desiring on his part that all thin-s should 
be so well managed and reformed that nothing may arise therefrom but cjood 
friendship, peace and concord between the king, my lord, and him. For his ^con- 
tinued good intention I very much rejoice, considering that it is wholly my desire 
also, which ye have been able enough to perceive, because I have alwavs act^d. 
and it is my intention so to act, that if it depends on no other than me,' matters 
will tend to this result, that God will l)e served and the welfare secured, not only 
of the two realms, but of all Christendom. And were I to give prominence to 
anything, I ought to do so of two things: one, the credence of Clarencieux touch- 
ing the letter demanded of me, impossible to my honour to give it, and stdl to 
maintain the things treated on and accorded; the other, that the said Clarencieux 
has sent my secretary on to Newcastle, and has himself since remained with Lord 
Dacre, I know not for what intent. God grant that the end may be such as the 
weal of Christendom requires, and 1 can say no more at present as to that. As 
to what you write to me that some Secretary of State ought to change the honour- 
able and accustomed style used by me, I assure you that for my part I desire 
to meet your wishes in everything possible ; and so far as I shall perceive 
you inclined to the blessing of peace as accords with your position, and as you 
have always written to me in that intention, not only shall I do you honour in 
style of rescription, but in every other respect possible to me I shall cordially do 
you honour and pleasure, without regard to what the estates of this kingdom in 
advising and debate know very well, that you fail to me in the very thing which you 
demand for youi-self, which also the place where I am, and the office which I hold 
under the king, my lord, nephew of the king, your master, require, for which alone 
I would wish to contend, as need shall require; further for the present I have 
determined not to make a question of it, for my inclination is much more desirous 
to do what belongs to honour than to demand the glory of it. My lord, whereas 
by my said secretary you have been amply enough informed of all things, and by 
Clarencieux, if he has been pleased to write to you again, I shall not write you a 
longer letter, for I made a very full answer to the above-mentioned queen of Scot- 
land in what she wrote to me. I shall heartily do her all pleasure and service 
possible to me, and that I may do, and shall not only give leave to her husband, 
the Earl of Angus, to go to her, but remonstrate with him, and remind him of the 
pleasure which he might have with such a princess as she is, with the help of God, 


whom, most reverend Lord, I pray to have you in his holy keeping. At Edin- 
burgh, the 11th day of December. 

Always your good brother and friend, JOHN. 

307. Sir Antony Ughtred, Governor of Berwick, to Cardinal Wolsey. 
Berwick, 21st January [1522].^ 

My Lorde, please it youre grace to be adverticede that the Ducke of Albanye hatha 
bene at a castelle belonging to the Erie of Angus, callede Temptallon, and hathe 
wone it ; and, that done, he come to a place of his owne, callede Donbai^e, where 
he lyethe at this present tyme, not i)assynge xviij myle frome the towne of Berwice. 
I thynke he passithe not the nombre of iiij ml. mene, besydes the noble mene of the 
realme that is in his companye and there howsholde seruantes, the Erie of Huntley, 
the Erie of Argyle, the Erie of Arrayue, the Erie of Lenehowse, and so to the 
nombre of vij Erles, besyde the barrons of the realme of Scotlande. And nowe of 
layte the Erie of Angus is gone in to the saide Ducke contrarye to his faithe made 
to my Lorde Dacre, and sworne vpon thevangelyst to the contrarye. 

I knowinge the asemble of the Ducke and the noble mene of the realme of 
Scotlande so nyee vnto the kynges towne of Berwice, for the suretye thereof I toke 
in acrewe of two hundrethe and fyftye men, whiche hathe bene here the space of vj 
dales, and at thende of the saide vj dales I hade knowleige that the Ducke wolde 
depart towarde Edenburgh, whervpone I dischargede one hundrethe and fyftye of 
the nombre aforesaide, and kept ahundrethe of the foresaide nombre one daye 
longer, whiche makethe vij dales for the nombre of one hundrethe, to suche tyme 
as I hade sure knowleige that the towne was fortlie of daungeur, for in the space of 
fyve howres, the Ducke with his armey, may come to the kynges towne of Berwice 
frome that place that he lyethe at this daye. And for suretye of his secret 
commynge by nyght or daye, in as- moche as he hathe alle his greate ordenanaunce 
with hyme, if he shulde come sodenlye or wolde be to late for me to sende in to 
Northuumberlande for acrewe of mene, for the saide Duckes armey maye lye as 
welle of the Englishe syde as one the Scottes syde, so he maye stope the passage 
that no Englishmene maye come to the towne. And howe thesaide crewe shalbe 
paide theyre wages, I beseche your grace that I maye haue knowleige thereof with 
delygence, for the countrey is verey powr. And if they want money eny space 
they want corrage, whereof I wolde be verey sourrye, but for the gode suretye of 
' Original ia Public Eecord Office, London. 


the towne, it were right uescesary and protitable that there were acrewe con- 
tenually of two hundretlie men, to such tyme as the Duckes prepensede malicious 
niynde were forthere knowene. 

And also, my lorde, where as there is fyftye gonners, whiche is in aretenewe, 
and hathe bene of longe tyme, and there wages assignede to be paide vnto the 
resavour of Berwice, George Lawsone, by the handis of the Abbott of seyut Marye 
Abbey, who of layte is departed e vnto the mercy of God, where vpone vnto suche 
tyme as the kingis grace do signe awarraunt vnto the Abbott that nowe is, for 
his discharge, elles he saithe he cane make no payment vnto the receiveour. And 
whare as I haue divers tymes wretone vnto your grace for the reparacious of the 
towne of Berwice, havinge no knouleige of your auswere therin to this daye, I 
thynke verely it hathe bene forthe of the remembraunce of your grace. My lorde, 
of asuretye there is over greate nede of amaister of werkes, and specially nowe at 
this tyme there is fyve bullwarkes, whiche stoundes beneficiallye for the surety of 
the towne, whereof iiij is clerely decayede and fallene downe and the fyft in decaye, 
\vith mony mo thinges then this is, whiche were overe longe to trouble your grace 
with alle by nianere of writynge. 

My lorde, I beseche youre grace that I maye haue knowleige of youre pleasure 
accordynge to the preport of the tennour of this lettere. And thus I shalle dailye 
praye to the blessyde Trinitie for the preseruacion of youre grace. Frome Berwice 
the xxj daye of January, by the Imnde of your daylye bedemane and seruaunt. 


308. Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus, to King Henry the Eighth, as 
to the Duke of Albany's movements, and other matters. Paris 8th 
May [1524].! 

Sire a votre bune gi-ase, mon pouvi-e servirse homblement a vous me recom- 

Plaise de votre bonne grase plaisir savoir, que jay entendust par ung de mes 
servirteurs, quy . . . prin fust la mers vene en Franse au devers moy, le°quer ser- 
virter fust mene devers votre compson, par le quelle jay entendut le bon voyiont 
ques vous aves devers moy non [pas] a seste heure mes plusseurs foys, pur le 
quelle je prie a Dieu quy je vous peuse fere queques bon servirse quil peust estre 
. . . et a votre bonne grase. Et ausy sire jay eintendust par le dist servirteur, 
' Original in British Mtiseiim, London. 


quy . . . le plaisirdevotre bonne grase, syje me poyvoys . . . echape . . . dust 
reaume de Franse par moyant que se torst que je . . . les quelle depuoys la 
venue dust dist servirteur jay chercher toust le raoyan autan que a moys a que 
pousible de lavoir sourtir par le Conte de Pircardie pur estre venust a Cales. Mes 
jay veust et perseust que par sest partie las je ne serais sourtir par le quelle jay 
envoys nion frere par la compter de Bourgonnes pour sys pent trouve queques 
cheniin par ont je peust ales en la Fransecompte et je feraist solas ques me 
serast pousible de chercher : et sys par fourtune je estoit prast, je me fietan en 
votre bonne grase, que votre plaisir seroit de moy fere reindre [remede], oust ent 
Anguelterre oust en Escousse ; et je euse envoye sest pourteur mon frere, sy ne 
fust quyl ast ung prousest a Eoume don benefise, par le quer benefise, il faust quy 
se trouves a Eoume le dist seme jour dust moy de [ Joul], et sys last faist, 11 sem 
viendras devers vous en bonne grase en bonne deligense. 

Et ausy, sire, jay emtendust que le doust dArbanie ast demande la pes aves- 
que votre bonne grase, touchan selas je ne men doute point que vous et votre 
bonne grase bon compsoirt entende meux que sest a fere touchan seste matire, que 
je ne vous serays avertir, car il ne luy faust rien ques la puoysanse de vous fere 
tons toust le mar que a luys serast pousyble. A seste heure il voist quy ne peust 
gane en nous a votre bonne grase, et que le Roys de Franse ne luy veust don plus de 
secourt ne moynoie par la quelle chouse et la cause que mentena il demande la pes. 

Et ausys, sire, sys voyloist fere la guere il seroist comptreint, devant quyl fust 
[six] moyen sas, de laiser le reamme dEcouse, et sys veu pardesas le guer, 
commen je entein, quys ne sera pas le bien venust par de desast : la cause est que 
le Roys de Franse luys a donne, a son departemen pour ale en Ecouse, troys semps 
myles frans argent comptein, sen lanse, quatre myle aventur . . . avest forse 
monysion de guere, le quer serquort leurs est av . . . quy nest pas employe ny 
ausy fust gaire servirse au Roys de Franse. 

Pour aultre nouvele pour desast, il ne soy point grant pour le presen sy non 
de ses de delas les mon de quoy votre bonne grase est meux avertie que je ne 
vous seraist poin recripre. Car nous aultre Fransoys son bien estonne pour le 
pre3e[nt], quy nous veudrat mal sestan depousige, et le plus toust serat meleurs. 
Sire je vous recommande mon frere quys est en Ecouse . . . je I'enten luy en la 
malle grase dust dout dArbanye et sys el est doust dArbanye luys en veust malt, 
commen je ne men dout point, il non point dautre refouge pour le present synon 
de vernir en votre reamme, pour quoy je prie a votre bonne grase homblemen 
de le avoir par recommande. 


Sire, que votre plasir soist mon pardoue que je vous ay ecript sy plene- 
ment et que la lestre nest pas ausy couche comen avoir apertien. Mes, Sire je 
vous suplie que soist de votre plaisir de la prendre en gres, car le voyloirt 'est 
bon. Aultre chouse ne vous mande pour le present, synon que je prie a nostre 
Seneur quys vous donit a[com]plismende vous desir ... 
Ecript a Paris le viij jour de May.^ 

Par le toust votre seruiteur, 

Archebald Dougulas, Erl of Axguss. 
A ung tres eselein et nouble prinse le Roys d'Anguelterre, soist donne. 


Sire, to your good grace I humbly recommend my poor service. 

]\Iay it please your good grace to know that I have heard by one of my 
servitors who was taken at sea coming to